HOME
The Info List - Little White House


--- Advertisement ---



The Little White House
Little White House
was the personal retreat of Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States, located in the Historic District of Warm Springs, Georgia.[2] He first came to Warm Springs (formerly known as Bullochville) in 1924 for polio treatment, and liked the area so much that, as Governor of New York, he had a home built on nearby Pine Mountain. The house was finished in 1932. Roosevelt kept the house after he became President, using it as a presidential retreat. He died there on April 12, 1945, three months into his fourth term. The house was opened to the public as a museum in 1948. A major attraction of the museum is the portrait that the artist Elizabeth Shoumatoff was painting of him when he died, now known as the "Unfinished Portrait". It hangs near a finished portrait that Shoumatoff completed later from sketches and memory. The house is operated by the State of Georgia as the Little White House Historic Site, also known as Roosevelt's Little White House Historic Site.

Contents

1 History 2 Current 3 Gallery

3.1 The Little White House 3.2 Memorial Museum 3.3 Warm Springs Pools

4 References 5 External links

History[edit]

Historic American Buildings Survey photograph of the Little White House

FDR at the Little White House
Little White House
a few days before his death (April 1945)

Walk of Flags and Stones

Residents of Georgia, particularly Savannah, began spending vacations at Bullochville in the late 18th century as a way to escape yellow fever, attracted by the number of warm springs in the vicinity. In the late 19th century, traveling to the warm springs was a desirable way to escape from Atlanta. Traveling by railroad to Durand, people would then go to Bullochville. One of the places benefiting from this was the Meriwether Inn. Once the automobile became popular in the early 20th century, tourists began going elsewhere, starting the decline of the inn.[3] In 1921, Roosevelt, aged 39, was diagnosed with poliomyelitis.[4] The few things that seemed to ease his pain were immersion in warm water, bathing and engaging in physical exercise. His first time in Warm Springs was October 1924. He went to a resort in the town that had a permanent 88 °F (31 °C) natural spring, but whose main house was described as "ramshackle". Roosevelt bought the resort and the 1,700-acre (6.9 km2) farm surrounding it in 1927 (the resort became known as the Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation). Five years later, in 1932, after winning the presidency for the first time, he ordered a six-room Georgia pine house to be built on the property. This house was his retreat throughout his presidency and became known as the Little White House. In total, he made 16 trips there during his presidency, usually spending two to three weeks at a time, as it took a day to reach Warm Springs from Washington, D.C. by train.[5] The Little White House
Little White House
is a six-room Colonial Revival structure made of Georgia pine. Three of the rooms were bedrooms: one for Roosevelt, one for his wife Eleanor, and one for his personal secretary. The other rooms were an entrance hall, a living room and a kitchen. Access to the Little White House
Little White House
was from an unpaved road that now only exists in parts. The garage-servant's quarters was built in 1932, followed by the single-story frame cottage that served as a guesthouse in 1933, and finally a cottage for Georgia Wilkins in 1934. Wilkins' family were the original owners of the property.[6] Roosevelt used the Little White House
Little White House
as a base to replace Georgia politicians who refused to follow his policies. This was most notable in 1938 when Roosevelt tried and failed to have United States Senator Walter George replaced with a Roosevelt loyalist, even though both were Democrats.[6] World War II
World War II
affected Roosevelt's time at the Little White House. The only year he did not go to the Little White House
Little White House
was 1942, as he was preoccupied by the beginnings of US involvement in the war. It is believed that he vacationed as much as he did in 1943–45 at the Little White House
Little White House
because his real love for vacations, sailing on the Atlantic, was too dangerous during wartime, even if it was just on inland waterways like the Chesapeake Bay
Chesapeake Bay
or the Potomac River. One major change was that soldiers from Fort Benning
Fort Benning
were stationed at the Little White House
Little White House
to patrol the woods surrounding the farm.[7] His last trip to the Little White House
Little White House
was on March 30, 1945. He felt he did not achieve enough rest at his Hyde Park home. According to some observers at Warm Springs, Roosevelt looked "ghastly" and his usual cordial waves to the residents were weak. Unlike his previous visits, he avoided the swimming pool he used to comfort himself in previous trips. On April 12, 1945, he was sitting for a portrait at the Little White House
Little White House
when he suffered a stroke. Roosevelt died two hours later of cerebral hemorrhage.[8] Most of Roosevelt's property was willed to Georgia Warm Springs Foundation, which gained control of all the properties in 1948 except for the Georgia Wilkins Cottage, which Wilkins lived in until her 1959 death. Both John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
in 1960 and Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
in 1976 used the property for their campaigns to become president; Carter even launched his campaign there.[6] Current[edit] Today, the Little White House
Little White House
is part of Georgia's state park system and is open to visitors. It has been preserved and is as it was the day Roosevelt died. All buildings and furnishing are original to the house and property. Items on display, besides the Unfinished Portrait, include his customized 1938 Ford convertible and his stagecoach.[6][9] On August 9, 2011, the McCarthy Cottage and the E.T. Curtis Cottage on the Roosevelt Institute
Roosevelt Institute
Hospital grounds that date back to Roosevelt's time at Warm Springs were destroyed in a fire which investigators believed had been started by lightning and thunderstorms that were in the area at the time.[10][11] Gallery[edit] The Little White House[edit]

Floor plan

Bedroom where Roosevelt died

The President’s Desk

Eleanor Roosevelt's Bedroom

Living Room

Dining Room

Entrance Hall

Kitchen

Butler’s Pantry

Servants' Quarters

Sun Deck

Memorial Museum[edit]

FDR's 1938 Ford

Custom built 1940 Willys roadster

Warm Springs Pools[edit]

Historic Pools Museum

Warm Springs Pool

FDR at Warm Springs (1928)

References[edit]

^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved June 6, 2011.  ^ "Roosevelt's Little White House
Little White House
State Historic Site". 15 March 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2017.  ^ Georgia State Parks - History Archived 2008-06-01 at the Wayback Machine. - Warm Springs Historic District
Warm Springs Historic District
NRHP nomination form ^ "F. D. Roosevelt Ill of Poliomyelitis". The New York Times. September 16, 1921. Retrieved September 24, 2015.  - Ward, Geoffrey C.; Burns, Ken (2014). The Roosevelts: An Intimate History. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 236. ISBN 9780307700230.  ^ Walsh, Kenneth T. From Mount Vernon to Crawford (Hyperion, 2005) p.96–97 ^ a b c d Warms Springs NRHP form ^ Walsh p.97–98 ^ Walsh p.102–104 ^ "Georgia State Parks - Roosevelt's Little White House
Little White House
Historic Site". Archived from the original on 15 July 2005. Retrieved 18 September 2017.  ^ "Fire burns two historic FDR-era cottages in Georgia". CNN. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 2017-10-23.  ^ Owen, Michael (10 August 2011). "Fire destroys FDR's original Warm Springs home". Ledger-Enquirer. Retrieved 2017-10-23. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Little White House.

See Atlanta's replica of FDR's Little White House

v t e

Franklin D. Roosevelt

32nd President of the United States
President of the United States
(1933–1945) 44th Governor of New York
Governor of New York
(1929–1932) Assistant Secretary of the Navy
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
(1913–1920) New York State Senator (1911–1913)

Presidency

Inaugurations (1st 2nd 3rd 4th) New Deal

overview New Deal
New Deal
coalition First 100 days Second New Deal

Federal Emergency Relief Administration Civilian Conservation Corps Agricultural Adjustment Administration Emergency Banking Act Tennessee Valley Authority National Labor Relations Act National Industry Recovery Act

Public Works Administration National Recovery Administration

Works Progress Administration

National Youth Administration

Social Security Act

Aid to Families with Dependent Children

Communications Act of 1934

Federal Communications Commission

Securities and Exchange Commission Monetary gold ownership

Gold Reserve Act Silver seizure

Record on civil rights

Defense industry non-discrimination Fair Employment Practices Commission

Indian Reorganization Act Executive Orders 9066, 9102

War Relocation Authority Japanese American internment German-American internment Italian-American internment

Brownlow Committee Executive Office of the President G.I. Bill
G.I. Bill
of Rights Cullen–Harrison Act Roerich Pact Four Freedoms

Four Freedoms
Four Freedoms
Monument

Black Cabinet Jefferson's Birthday
Jefferson's Birthday
holiday Judicial Court-Packing Bill Federal Judicial appointments

Supreme Court

Cabinet "Brain Trust" Modern Oval Office Official car Criticism

Presidential Foreign policy

Banana Wars

U.S. occupation of Nicaragua, 1912–1933 U.S. occupation of Haiti, 1915–1934

Good Neighbor Policy (1933–1945) Montevideo Convention
Montevideo Convention
(1933) Second London Naval Treaty (1936) ABCD line (1940) Export Control Act Four Policemen Lend-Lease 1940 Selective Service Act Atlantic Charter
Atlantic Charter
(1941) Military history of the United States during World War II

Home front during World War II Combined Munitions Assignments Board War Production Board

Declaration by United Nations
Declaration by United Nations
(1942)

Dumbarton Oaks Conference

World War II
World War II
conferences Quebec Agreement Europe first Morgentau Plan support

Presidential speeches

Commonwealth Club Address Madison Square Garden speech "Four Freedoms" Infamy Speech Arsenal of Democracy "...is fear itself" Fireside chats "Look to Norway" Quarantine Speech "The More Abundant Life" Second Bill of Rights State of the Union Address (1934 1938 1939 1940 1941 1945)

Other events

Early life, education, career Warm Springs Institute Governorship of New York Business Plot Assassination attempt

Elections

New York state election, 1928 1930 Democratic National Convention, 1920 1924 1932 1936 1940 1944 United States presidential election, 1920 1932

theme song

1936 1940 1944

Life and homes

Early life and education

Groton School

"Springwood" birthplace, home, and gravesite Campobello home Paralytic illness Top Cottage Little White House, Warm Springs, Georgia

Legacy

Presidential Library and Museum

Roosevelt Institute Roosevelt Institute
Roosevelt Institute
Campus Network

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial Roosevelt Island

Four Freedoms
Four Freedoms
Park

White House Roosevelt Room Roosevelt Study Center Four Freedoms
Four Freedoms
Award Four Freedoms
Four Freedoms
paintings Unfinished portrait U.S. Postage stamps Roosevelt dime Films

The Roosevelt Story
The Roosevelt Story
1947 Sunrise at Campobello
Sunrise at Campobello
1960 Eleanor and Franklin 1976, The White House Years 1977 World War II: When Lions Roared Warm Springs 2005 Hyde Park on Hudson
Hyde Park on Hudson
2012 The Roosevelts 2014 documentary

Other namesakes

Roosevelt family Delano family

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
(wife) Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
(daughter) James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
II (son) Elliott Roosevelt
Elliott Roosevelt
(son) Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr.
(son) John Aspinwall Roosevelt II (son) Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Seagraves (granddaughter) Curtis Roosevelt
Curtis Roosevelt
(grandson) Sara Delano Roosevelt (granddaughter) Franklin Delano Roosevelt III
Franklin Delano Roosevelt III
(grandson) John Roosevelt Boettiger
John Roosevelt Boettiger
(grandson) James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
III (grandson) James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
I (father) Sara Ann Delano (mother) James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
Roosevelt (half-brother) Isaac Roosevelt (grandfather) Jacobus Roosevelt (great-grandfather) Fala (family dog)

← Herbert Hoover Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman

Category

v t e

Protected areas of Georgia

Federal

National historic sites and military parks

Andersonville NHS Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
NHS Martin Luther King Jr. NHS Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

National monuments

Fort Frederica Fort Pulaski Ocmulgee

National forests

Chattahoochee Oconee

National wildlife refuges

Banks Lake Blackbeard Island Bond Swamp Eufaula Harris Neck Okefenokee Piedmont Savannah Wassaw Wolf Island

Wilderness areas

Big Frog Wilderness Blood Mountain Wilderness Brasstown Wilderness Cohutta Wilderness Cumberland Island National Seashore Ellicott Rock Wilderness Mark Trail Wilderness Okefenokee Wilderness Raven Cliffs Wilderness Rich Mountain Wilderness Southern Nantahala Wilderness Tray Mountain Wilderness

Wild and scenic rivers

Chattooga River

National trails

Appalachian Trail Pinhoti National Recreation Trail

Other protected areas

Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area Cumberland Island National Seashore Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary Sapelo Island
Sapelo Island
National Estuarine Research Reserve

State

Parks

Amicalola Falls Black Rock Mountain Bobby Brown Buck Shoals Chattahoochee Bend Cloudland Canyon Crooked River Don Carter Elijah Clark F.D. Roosevelt Florence Marina Fort Mountain Fort Yargo General Coffee George L. Smith George T. Bagby Georgia Veterans Gordonia-Alatamaha Hamburg Hard Labor Creek Hart High Falls Indian Springs James H. "Sloppy" Floyd John Tanner Laura S. Walker Little Ocmulgee Magnolia Springs Mistletoe Moccasin Creek Panola Mountain Providence Canyon Red Top Mountain Reed Bingham Richard B. Russell Sapelo Island Seminole Skidaway Island Smithgall Woods Sprewell Bluff Standing Boy Creek Stephen C. Foster Sweetwater Creek Tallulah Gorge Tugaloo Unicoi Victoria Bryant Vogel Watson Mill Bridge

Historic parks and sites

A.H. Stephens Chief Vann House Dahlonega Gold Museum Etowah Indian Mounds Fort McAllister Fort King George Fort Morris Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation Jarrell Plantation Jefferson Davis Memorial Kolomoki Mounds Lapham-Patterson House Little White House New Echota Pickett's Mill Battlefield Robert Toombs House Travelers Rest Wormsloe

Forests

Baldwin Bartram Brender-Hitchiti Dixon Memorial Dawson Hightower Paulding Spirit Creek

Other

Centennial Olympic Park Charlie Elliott Wildlife Center Jekyll Island Len Foote Hike Inn Radium Springs Sapelo Island Stone Mountain
Stone Mountain
Park

County, municipal and other

Parks

Chehaw Park Cobb County Parks McIntosh Reserve Murphey Candler Park Okefenokee Swamp Park Robert G. Hunter Memorial Park Roswell Recreation and Parks Seaborn Jones Memorial Park Shaking Rock Park

Forests and nature preserves

Autrey Mill Nature Preserve & Heritage Center Fernbank Forest Marshall Forest Morningside Nature Preserve Phinizy Swamp Nature Park Reynolds Nature Preserve

Nature and environmental education centers

Birdsong Nature Center Charlie Elliott Wildlife Center Chattahoochee Nature Center Cochran Mill Nature Center Dauset Trails Nature Center Dunwoody Nature Center Elachee Nature Science Center Georgia Nature Center Grand Bay Wetland Education Center Melvin L. Newman Wetlands Center Oatland Island Wildlife Center Oxbow Meadows Environmental Learning Center Panola Mountain
Panola Mountain
State Park Nature Center Sandy Creek Nature Center Savannah-Ogeechee Canal Museum & Nature Center Tidelands Nature Center Tybee Island Marine Science Center West Atlanta
Atlanta
Watershed Alliance Outdoor Activity Center

Georgia Department of Natural Resources Georgia Forestr

.