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The Little Miami River
Little Miami River
(Shawnee: Cakimiyamithiipi[6]) is a Class I tributary of the Ohio River
Ohio River
that flows 111 miles (179 km)[3] through five counties in southwestern Ohio
Ohio
in the United States. The Little Miami joins the Ohio River
Ohio River
east of Cincinnati. It forms parts of the borders between Hamilton and Clermont counties and between Hamilton and Warren counties. The Little Miami River
Little Miami River
is one of 156 American rivers designated by the U.S. Congress or the Secretary of the Interior as a National Wild and Scenic River
National Wild and Scenic River
and lends its name to the adjacent Little Miami Scenic Trail.

Contents

1 Hydrography 2 History 3 Ecology 4 Recreation 5 Places and point of interest 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Hydrography[edit]

Watersheds of the Great Miami River
Great Miami River
(beige) and Little Miami River (yellow)

The Little Miami River
Little Miami River
is a tributary of the Ohio
Ohio
River. It is part of a watershed that drains a 1,757 square miles (4,550 km2) area in 11 southwestern Ohio
Ohio
counties: Clark, Montgomery, Madison, Greene, Warren, Butler, Clinton, Clermont, Brown, and Highland.[5] The river discharges on average 1,737 cubic feet per second (49.2 m3/s) into the Ohio
Ohio
River.[4] An average of 1,280 cubic feet per second (36 m3/s) flow through the river proper; after heavy rains, the river flow may rise to 84,100 cubic feet per second (2,380 m3/s).[7] Tributaries of the Little Miami include Beaver Creek, Sugar Creek, the East Fork Little Miami, North Fork, Todd's Fork, Duck Creek, Caesar Creek, Massie Creek, and Turtle Creek. The river's main tributary, the East Fork of the Little Miami,[8][9] was dammed in 1977 by the United States Army Corps of Engineers to create Harsha Lake, located in East Fork State Park. Similarly, in 1973, the Army Corps dammed Caesar Creek to create Caesar Creek Lake, located in Caesar Creek State Park.[8] The river's headwaters, considered part of the North Fork, are located about 5 miles (8.0 km) from South Charleston in Clark County,[10] near Plattsburgh.[1] The river empties into the Ohio River
Ohio River
at California, a neighborhood of Cincinnati
Cincinnati
in Hamilton County.[11] Between the headwaters and the mouth, there is a 705-foot (215 m) decrease in elevation.[10] History[edit] The Little Miami River
Little Miami River
is named for the Miami, an Algonquian-speaking Native American people who lived in the region during the early days of white settlement.[12] Historically, the river formed the eastern boundary of the Symmes Purchase
Symmes Purchase
and the western boundary of the Virginia Military District. In 1967 The Ohio
Ohio
University Development Planning Institute (Athens, Ohio) published "The Little Miami of Ohio; A Study of a Wild and Scenic River". This 56-page booklet, illustrated with maps and black and white photographs, first presented the idea of a corridor of parks and natural areas along the river. In June 1967 Dayton newspaper editor Glenn Thompson would bring together educator Arthur Morgan, business leader Charles Sawyer, and outdoor enthusiast Corwin Fred to form Little Miami Incorporated, dedicated to the preservation of the Little Miami River. Mr. Thompson was the editor of the Dayton Journal-Herald in the late 1950s, and a strong advocate for the preservation of green space in the Miami Valley. The members of the newly formed Little Miami Incorporated would convince Ohio
Ohio
Congressman Clarence Brown to ask for inclusion of the Little Miami in the final list of 27 rivers to be studied for a proposed Scenic Rivers Bill. The 1968 Wild and Scenic River Act designated portions of the Little Miami National Scenic River as Ohio's first National Wild and Scenic River. On April 23 of following year, the Little Miami State Scenic River from Milford to the headwaters became Ohio's first State Scenic River, due to legislation that predated the national act by a few months.[13] The remainder of the river was added to the State Scenic River in 1971.[14] Hydropower
Hydropower
of the Little Miami River
Little Miami River
was developed into the largest privately owned ammunition manufacturing center between New England and the Mississippi River. Company towns for the Miami Powder Company and Peters Cartridge Company
Peters Cartridge Company
were built at Goes Station and Kings Mills, respectively.[15] The portion of Peters Cartridge Company factory on the opposite side of the river from Kings Mills in Hamilton Township, which closed in 1944 and is now owned by DuPont, was declared a Superfund
Superfund
site in 1996. Since then, studies by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency have established that the site no longer poses an environmental hazard to the nearby river.[16] Ecology[edit]

The Little Miami River
Little Miami River
passing through Clifton Gorge in John Bryan State Park, Greene County

The Little Miami River
Little Miami River
is home to at least 87 species of fish, as well as many species of turtles, frogs, water snakes, birds, mammals and invertebrates. The river contains 36 species of mussels, including two threatened species, one of which is endangered. Ohio
Ohio
considers five of the species to be endangered.[17] Recently, zebra mussels and Asiatic clams have crowded out native species. The river is protected by a number of nature preserves owned by Little Miami Inc., as well as by state and local parks (see below).[18] Recreation[edit] The Little Miami River
Little Miami River
is a National Scenic River. A series of state and county parks and bike trails have been built along the river, primarily the Little Miami Scenic Trail, which is concurrent with the Buckeye Trail
Buckeye Trail
and Little Miami Scenic State Park. Most of these trails have been built along the abandoned rail grades that run along the river (see Rail trail). The Ohio
Ohio
to Erie Trail project, under construction, aims to link these trails to other trails statewide to create a single bike trail from Lake Erie
Lake Erie
to the Ohio
Ohio
River. The Little Miami is also popular among canoers and anglers. There are several canoe liveries along its course and the smallmouth bass fishing in the river is among the best in the state. For a river its size and considering that it drains mainly agricultural land, the water quality of the Little Miami River
Little Miami River
is excellent. Visitors may see a variety of wildlife including several varieties of turtles, mallards, and other ducks, Canada geese
Canada geese
and blue herons. Places and point of interest[edit] The following places, towns, and points of interest are located on the Little Miami starting at the headwaters in Clark County and proceeding down the river to its mouth on the Ohio
Ohio
River.

Clark County - Headwaters of river Greene County, Ohio

Clifton and Clifton Mill John Bryan State Park
John Bryan State Park
and Clifton Gorge Yellow Springs and Glen Helen Nature Preserve Beavercreek Township Sugarcreek Township Bellbrook Spring Valley

Warren County

Waynesville Corwin Caesar Creek Gorge
Caesar Creek Gorge
- mouth of Caesar Creak leading to Caesar Creek Gorge and Lake. Oregonia Mathers Mill - canoe livery, public access Jeremiah Morrow Bridge
Jeremiah Morrow Bridge
- Interstate 71 bridge crossing over the river valley Fort Ancient - canoe livery, public access Morrow - canoe livery, mouth of Todds Fork tributary South Lebanon Kings Mills - historic Peters Cartridge factory Fosters - historic settlement & public access

Clermont County east side of river, Hamilton County west side of river

Chateau LaRoche
Chateau LaRoche
Museum, also known as Loveland Castle (Hamilton County) Loveland - canoe livery (Hamilton and Clermont County) Lake Isabella, Ohio
Ohio
- (Hamilton County Park) Milford - (Clermont County)

Hamilton County

Terrace Park Mariemont Cincinnati Lunken Field
Lunken Field
- Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Municipal Airport is along the bank of the river Ohio River
Ohio River
- mouth of the Little Miami River

See also[edit]

Great Miami River List of rivers of Ohio Little Miami Railroad Little Miami Bike Trail

References[edit]

^ a b c 5027606&quad=South%20Vienna&state=OH&grid= 7.5X7.5 South Vienna Quadrangle Check url= value (help) (ZIP/PDF) (Map) (1991 ed.). 1:24,000. 7.5 minute series (topographic). Cartography by Division of Geological Survey, Ohio
Ohio
Department of Natural Resources. United States
United States
Geological Survey. 1961. Retrieved 2008-11-24.  ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Little Miami River ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed May 26, 2011 ^ a b Weber, Cornelius I.; Donald R. Moore (1967). "Phytoplankton, seston, and dissolved organic carbon in the Little Miami River
Little Miami River
at Cincinnati, Ohio" (PDF). Limnology and Oceanography. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. 12 (2). doi:10.4319/lo.1967.12.2.0311. ISSN 0024-3590. Retrieved 2008-11-23.  ^ a b " Little Miami River
Little Miami River
Watershed". Little Miami River
Little Miami River
Partnership. 2008-06-29. Retrieved 2008-11-23.  ^ "Shawnees Webpage". Shawnee's Reservation. 1997. Retrieved 2013-04-26.  ^ "Little Miami River". Ohio
Ohio
Boating Destinations Audio Tour. Ohio Department of Natural Resources.  ^ a b " Little Miami River
Little Miami River
Basin" (PDF).  ^ " Ohio
Ohio
Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy". Division of Wildlife, Ohio
Ohio
Department of Natural Resources. p. 428. Retrieved 2008-11-23.  ^ a b Bogan, Dallas (2004-08-30). "Local Water Ways Reveal History In Warren County". Warren County OhGenWeb Project. Provo, Utah: The Generations Network. Retrieved 2008-11-23.  ^ Newport Quadrangle (ZIP/PDF) (Map) (1988 ed.). 1:24,000. 7.5 minute series (topographic). Cartography by Kentucky Geological Survey and City of Cincinnati. United States
United States
Geological Survey. 1983. Retrieved 2008-11-24.  ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 207.  ^ "40th Anniversary of Ohio
Ohio
Scenic Rivers Program set for Oct. 2" (Press release). Ohio
Ohio
Department of Natural Resources. 2008-09-26. Retrieved 2008-11-23.  ^ Randall E. Sanders, ed. (2001). "Stream Laws" (PDF). A Guide to Ohio Streams (PDF). Columbus, Ohio: Streams Committee, Ohio
Ohio
Chapter, American Fisheries Society. Retrieved 2008-11-23.  ^ Sullebarger Associates, PAST Architects. "Ahimaaz King House and Carriage House Historic Structure Report" (PDF). Deerfield Township, Ohio. Retrieved 29 November 2014.  ^ Clark, Michael D. (2007-12-19). "EPA: Old Peters site not polluting". The Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved 2008-01-07.  ^ "Little Miami State and National Scenic River". Ohio
Ohio
Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2008-11-23.  ^ Whitaker, Carrie (2008-01-07). "Good, bad news for Little Miami River mussels". The Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Little Miami River.

Buckeye Trail Loveland Bike Trail Ohio
Ohio
to Erie Trail Clifton Gorge State Nature Preserve Little Miami, Inc. (LMI), a non-profit conservation group

v t e

Protected areas of Ohio

Federal

National parks

Cuyahoga Valley

National historical parks and sites

Dayton Aviation Heritage NHP First Ladies NHS Hopewell Culture NHP James A. Garfield NHS William Howard Taft NHS

National Monuments

Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers

National memorials

David Berger Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial

National trails

North Country Trail

National forests

Wayne

National wildlife refuges

Cedar Point Ottawa West Sister Island

National estuarine research reserve

Old Woman Creek

National Natural Landmarks

Brown's Lake Bog Cedar Bog Dysart Woods Fort Hill State Memorial Glen Helen Nature Preserve Mantua Swamp Tinkers Creek Gorge

State

State parks

Adams Lake Alum Creek A. W. Marion Barkcamp Beaver Creek Blue Rock Buck Creek Buckeye Lake Burr Oak Caesar Creek Catawba Island Cleveland Lakefront Cowan Lake Deer Creek Delaware Dillon East Fork East Harbor Findley Forked Run Geneva Grand Lake St. Marys Great Seal Guilford Lake Harrison Lake Headlands Beach Hocking Hills Hueston Woods Independence Dam Indian Lake Jackson Lake Jefferson Lake John Bryan Kelleys Island Kiser Lake Lake Alma Lake Hope Lake Logan Lake Loramie Lake Milton Lake White Little Miami Madison Lake Malabar Farm Marblehead Lighthouse Mary Jane Thurston Middle Bass Island Maumee Bay Mohican Mosquito Lake Mt. Gilead Muskingum River Nelson Kennedy Ledges Paint Creek Pike Lake Portage Lakes Punderson Pymatuning Quail Hollow Rocky Fork Salt Fork Scioto Trail Shawnee South Bass Island Stonelick Strouds Run Sycamore Tar Hollow Tinkers Creek Van Buren West Branch Wingfoot Lake Wolf Run

State forests

Beaver Creek Blue Rock Brush Creek Dean Fernwood Gifford Harrison Hocking Maumee Mohican-Memorial Perry Pike Richland Furnace Scioto Trail Shade River Shawnee Sunfish Creek Tar Hollow Yellow Creek Zaleski

State nature preserves

Acadia Cliffs Adams Lake Prairie Audubon Islands Augusta-Anne Olsen Aurora Sanctuary Baker Woods Evans Beck Memorial Betsch Fen Bigelow Cemetery Blackhand Gorge Bonnet Pond Boord Brown's Lake Bog Burton Wetlands Caesar Creek Gorge Lou Campbell Carmean Woods Cedar Bog Chaparral Prairie Christmas Rocks Clear Creek Clear Fork Gorge Clifton Gorge Howard Collier Compass Plant Prairie Conkle's Hollow Copperrider-Kent Bog Crabill Fen Cranberry Bog Crane Hollow Crooked Run Culberson Woods Davey Woods Davis Memorial Marie J. Desonier Drew Woods Dupont Marsh Eagle Creek Emerald Hills Erie Sand Barrens Etawah Woods Flatiron Lake Bog Fowler Woods Frame Lake Fen Gahanna Woods Gallagher/Springfield Fen Goll Woods Goode Prairie Gott Fen Greenbelt Greenville Falls Gross Memorial Woods Hatch-Otis Halls Creek Headlands Dunes Hueston Woods Hutchins (Highland) Irwin Prairie Jackson Bog Johnson Ridge Johnson Woods Karlo Fen Kendrick Woods Kessler Swamp Kiser Lake Wetlands Kitty Todd Knox Woods Kyle Woods Ladd Natural Bridge Lake Katharine Lakeside Daisy Lawrence Woods Little Rocky Hollow Mantua Bog Marsh Wetlands McCracken Fen Mentor Marsh Milford Center Railroad Prairie Miller Morris Woods Mud Lake Bog Myersville Newberry North Pond North Shore Alvar Novak Sanctuary Old Woman Creek Owens/Liberty Fen Pallister Pickerington Ponds Portage Lakes Wetland Prairie Road Fen William C. McCoy Raven Rock Rhododendeon Cove Rockbridge Rome Rothenbuhler Woods Saltpetre Cave Sears Woods Seymour Woods Shallenberger Sharon Woods Gorge Sheepskin Hollow Sheick Hollow Sheldon Marsh Shoemaker Siegenthaler-Kaestner Esker Smith Cemetery Spring Beauty Dell Spring Brook Sanctuary Springville Marsh Stage's Pond Strait Creek Prairie Stratford Woods Swamp Cottonwood Edward Thomas Tinker's Creek Travertine Fen Triangle Lake Bog Trillium Trails Walter Tucker Tummonds Warder-Perkins Whipple White Pine Bog Forest Zimmerman Prairie

State scenic rivers

Big Darby Creek Chagrin River Conneaut Creek Cuyahoga River Grand River Greenville Creek Kokosing River Little Beaver Creek Little Darby Creek Little Miami River Maumee River Mohican River Olentangy River Sandusky River Stillwater River

Regional

Metro Parks

Ashtabula County Metroparks Cleveland Metroparks Columbus Metro Parks Erie MetroParks Five Rivers MetroParks Geauga Park District Hamilton County Park District Johnny Appleseed Metro Parks Lake Metroparks Lorain County Metro Parks Metroparks of Butler County Metro Parks, Serving Summit County Metroparks of the Toledo Area Mill Creek MetroParks Trumbull County MetroParks

Ohio
Ohio
Department of Natur

.