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Little John
Little John
is a legendary outlaw associated with Robin Hood. He is said to have been Robin's chief lieutenant and second-in-command of the Merry Men. The sobriquet "Little" is a form of irony, as he is usually depicted as a gigantic, seven-foot-tall warrior of the British forests, skilled with bow and quarterstaff.

Contents

1 Folklore 2 Appearances in other media 3 References 4 Bibliography 5 External links

5.1 Disputed/alleged burial locations

Folklore[edit] Little John
Little John
appears in the earliest recorded Robin Hood
Robin Hood
ballads and stories,[1] and in the earliest references to Robin Hood
Robin Hood
by Andrew of Wyntoun in 1420 and by Walter Bower in 1440.[citation needed] In the early tales, Little John
Little John
is shown to be intelligent and highly capable. In "A Gest of Robyn Hode", he captures the sorrowful knight and, when Robin Hood
Robin Hood
decides to pay the knight's mortgage for him, accompanies him as a servant.[2] In "Robin Hood's Death", he is the only one of the Merry Men
Merry Men
that Robin takes with him.[3] In the 15th-century ballad commonly called " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Monk", Little John leaves in anger after a dispute with Robin. When Robin Hood
Robin Hood
is captured, it is Little John
Little John
who plans his leader's rescue. In thanks, Robin offers Little John
Little John
leadership of the band, but John refuses. Later depictions of Little John
Little John
portray him as less cunning. The earliest ballads do not feature an origin story for this character. According to a 17th-century ballad, he was a giant of a man who was at least seven feet tall, and introduced when he tried to prevent Robin from crossing a narrow bridge, whereupon they fought with quarterstaves, and Robin was overcome. Despite having won the duel, John agreed to join his band and fight alongside him. From then on he was called Little John
Little John
in whimsical reference to his size and in a play that reversed his first and last names (as his proper name was John Little). This scene is almost always re-enacted in film and television versions of the story. In some modern film versions, Little John loses the duel to Robin.

Little John's grave in St Michael's Church graveyard, Hathersage

Starting from the ballad tradition, Little John
Little John
is commonly shown to be the only Merry Man present at Robin Hood's death. Despite a lack of historical evidence for his existence, Little John is reputed to be buried in a churchyard in the village of Hathersage, Derbyshire. A modern tombstone marks the supposed location of his grave, which lies under an old yew tree. This grave was owned by the Nailor (Naylor) family, and sometimes some variation of "Nailer" is given as John's surname. In other versions of the legends, his name is given as John Little, enhancing the irony of his nickname. According to local legend, Little John
Little John
built himself a small cottage across the River Derwent from the family home. The site now has a 15th century Grade 2 listed ex-farmhouse and barn built on it, called Nether House at Offerton. In Dublin, a local legend suggests that Little John
Little John
visited the city in the 12th century and was hanged there.[4] Little John
Little John
was a figure in the Robin Hood
Robin Hood
plays and games during the 15th to 17th centuries, particularly those held in Scotland. Many historical figures are named Little John
Little John
and John Little, but it is debatable which – if any – are the inspiration for the legendary character.[citation needed] "Little John" can be used as a term of endearment, typically denoting kindness, compassion, empathy, and a certain level of optimism, a bit hard headed at times. It also functions as an ironic name in this case, due to John being physically enormous. Appearances in other media[edit] Alan Hale, Sr.
Alan Hale, Sr.
played the role of Little John
Little John
in three movies. He first played Little John
Little John
as a young squire in 1922's Robin Hood starring Douglas Fairbanks. He reprised the role opposite Errol Flynn's Robin in 1938's The Adventures of Robin Hood. And finally, he played an older Little John
Little John
opposite John Derek, as Robin's son, in Rogues of Sherwood Forest
Rogues of Sherwood Forest
from 1951. Other notable film and TV Little Johns include Archie Duncan in the 1950s TV series, Nicol Williamson
Nicol Williamson
in Robin and Marian, James Robertson Justice in the 1952 Disney film The Story of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and His Merrie Men, Clive Mantle
Clive Mantle
in the 1980s TV series Robin of Sherwood, Phil Harris as the voice of Little John
Little John
the Bear
Bear
in the 1973 Disney animated film Robin Hood, David Morrissey
David Morrissey
in Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Nick Brimble in Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves - both in 1991, and Eric Allan Kramer in 1993's Robin Hood: Men in Tights. Kevin Durand
Kevin Durand
plays John in 2010's Robin Hood. In this incarnation, he was a Scottish Foot Soldier in the Crusades and fought Robin over a lost bet, claiming he was cheating, then joined Robin, Will, and Alan when the King was killed. In the BBC's Robin Hood, Little John
Little John
is played by Gordon Kennedy. John meets Robin when his band of outlaws steal from Robin's band. He dislikes Robin immediately, but later comes to agree with him. John also has a wife, Alice and a son, both of whom believe he is dead until late in the first series. John is the oldest of the outlaws, and fights with a quarterstaff. Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
will be portraying John in the upcoming movie Robin Hood: Origins.[5] In the British television show Fact or Fiction, episode 4, hosted by Tony Robinson, it is postulated that "Little John" is in actuality the person Reynolde Greenleaf from near Beverley
Beverley
in the East Riding of Yorkshire.[6] References[edit]

^ Richards, Jeffrey (1988), Swordsmen of the Screen: From Douglas Fairbanks to Michael York, London and Boston: Henly, Routledge & Kegan Paul, p. 190 . ^ Holt 1982, p. 17. ^ Holt 1982, p. 25. ^ " Little John
Little John
and Dublin". Come here to me!. Word press. Apr 20, 2010. Retrieved 2011-02-07.  ^ Kit, Borys (January 11, 2016). " Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
to Join Taron Egerton in 'Robin Hood: Origins'". The Hollywood Reporter.  ^ " Little John
Little John
Facts". primaryfacts.com. Retrieved October 24, 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]

Holt, JC (1982), Robin Hood, Thames & Hudson, ISBN 0-500-27541-6 .

External links[edit]

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Little John
Little John
(ballad), Bold outlaw  Knight, Stephen; Ohlgren, Thomas H (eds.), Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Monk: An Introduction, Rochester , information presented before a 15th-century Robin Hood
Robin Hood
ballad that features Little John
Little John
in a prominent role.

Disputed/alleged burial locations[edit]

"St Michael and All Angels' Church, Hathersage, Derbyshire, England", Find a grave . "Kirklees, England", Find a grave .

v t e

Robin Hood

Characters

Robin Hood Maid Marian Merry Men Much the Miller's Son Little John Friar Tuck Alan-a-Dale Will Scarlet Will Stutely Gilbert Whitehand Arthur a Bland David of Doncaster The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield Sheriff of Nottingham Guy of Gisbourne Prince John Bishop of Hereford Richard at the Lee King Richard

Settings

Sherwood Forest Nottingham Loxley Barnsdale Wentbridge

Screen

Film

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1912) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1922) The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1938) The Bandit of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
(1946) The Prince of Thieves
The Prince of Thieves
(1948) The Story of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and His Merrie Men (1952) The Men of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
(1954) Sword of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
(1960) A Challenge for Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1967) The Scalawag Bunch
The Scalawag Bunch
(1971) Wolfshead: The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1973) The Arrows of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1975) Robin and Marian
Robin and Marian
(1976) Aaj Ka Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1988) O Mistério de Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1990) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2010) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2018)

TV

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1953) The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1955) The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1968) The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1975) Robin of Sherwood (1984) The New Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1997) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2006)

Animated

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Makes Good (1939) Rabbit Hood
Rabbit Hood
(1949) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Daffy (1958) Robin Hoodwinked
Robin Hoodwinked
(1958) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1973) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1990) Young Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Tom and Jerry: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and His Merry Mouse (2012)

Parody

When Things Were Rotten
When Things Were Rotten
(1975) The Zany Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1984) Maid Marian
Maid Marian
and Her Merry Men
Merry Men
(1989) Robin Hood: Men in Tights (1993)

Alternate settings

Mexicali Rose (1939 film) Robin and the 7 Hoods
Robin and the 7 Hoods
(1964 film) Naan Sigappu Manithan (1985 Tamil film) Nyayam Meere Cheppali
Nyayam Meere Cheppali
(1985 Telugu film) Catch Me Now
Catch Me Now
(2008 Chinese TV series) Alyas Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2016 Philippines TV Series)

Popular culture

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(Once Upon a Time character) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(DC Comics character)

Child ballads

8: Erlinton 102: Willie and Earl Richard's Daughter 103: Rose the Red and White Lily 115: Robyn and Gandeleyn 117: A Gest of Robyn Hode 118: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Guy of Gisborne 119: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Monk 120: Robin Hood's Death 121: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Potter 123: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Curtal Friar 124: The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield 126: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Tanner 127: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Tinker 128: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Newly Revived 129: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Prince of Aragon 130: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Scotchman 131: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Ranger 132: The Bold Pedlar and Robin Hood 136: Robin Hood's Delight 138: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Allan-a-Dale 139: Robin Hood's Progress to Nottingham 140: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Rescuing Three Squires 141: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Rescuing Will Stutly 142: Little John
Little John
a Begging 143: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Bishop 144: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Bishop of Hereford 145: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Queen Katherine 146: Robin Hood's Chase 147: Robin Hood's Golden Prize 148: The Noble Fisherman 149: The Noble Fisherman 151: The King's Disguise, and Friendship with Robin Hood 152: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Golden Arrow 153: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Valiant Knight 154: A True Tale of Robin Hood

Stage / Theatre

The Downfall and The Death of Robert Earl of Huntington (1598 and 1601 plays) The Merrie Men of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
(1871 operetta) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1890 opera) The Foresters
The Foresters
(1892 play) Twang!!
Twang!!
(1965 musical parody) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1934 opera) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1998 ballet) Robin des Bois
Robin des Bois
(2013 musical)

Video games

Robin of the Wood
Robin of the Wood
(1985) The Curse of Sherwood (1987) The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Conquests of the Longbow: The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Robin Hood: The Legend
Legend
of Sherwood (2002) Robin Hood: Defender of the Crown (2003) Volume (2015)

Literature

Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
(1819) Maid Marian
Maid Marian
(1822) The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1883) Bows against the Barons
Bows against the Barons
(1934) The Once and Future King
The Once and Future King
(1958) The Outlaws of Sherwood (1988) Through a Dark Mist
Through a Dark Mist
(1991) Lady of the Forest
Lady of the Forest
(1992) In the Shadow of Midnight
In the Shadow of Midnight
(1994) The Last Arrow (1997) Lady of Sherwood
Lady of Sherwood
(1999) Ronin Hood of the 47 Samurai (2005) King Raven Trilogy (2006)

Music

Legend
Legend
(1984 soundtrack) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2006 soundtrack) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
– czwarta strzała (1997) "Love" (song) "Not in Nottingham" (song) "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" (song) The Tale of Gamelyn

Alan Dale

Outlaw (2009) Holy Warrior
Holy Warrior
(2010) King's Man
King's Man
(2011) Warlord (2012) Grail Knight (2013) The Iron Castle (2014) The King's Assassin (2015) The Death of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2016)

Related

Miss Robin Hood Son of the Guardsman The Son of Robin Hood The Bandit of Sherwood Forest Princess of Thieves Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Morality Test "Robot of Sherwood" "Robin Good and His Not-So-Merry Men" Once Upon a Time

Authority control

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