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The LITTLE HUNGARIAN PLAIN or LITTLE ALFöLD (Hungarian : Kisalföld, Slovak : Malá dunajská kotlina, German : Kleine Ungarische Tiefebene) is a plain (tectonic basin ) of approximately 8,000 km² in northwestern Hungary
Hungary
, south-western Slovakia
Slovakia
(Podunajská nížina – Danubian Lowland
Danubian Lowland
), and eastern Austria
Austria
. It is a part of the Pannonian plain
Pannonian plain
which covers most parts of Hungary.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Population * 4 See also

GEOGRAPHY

The territory of the LHP in Hungary
Hungary
The castle of the Eszterházy family . Such buildings are typical in the area

Its borders are the Carpathians on the north, the Bakony -Vértes Hills in the south, the Gerecse Hills in the east, and the Leitha Mountains and the foothills of the Alps
Alps
in the west. In Hungary, it includes most of Győr-Moson-Sopron
Győr-Moson-Sopron
and Vas
Vas
counties, and the western part of Komárom-Esztergom
Komárom-Esztergom
and Veszprém .

The plain is roughly cut in half by the Danube
Danube
which is split up into many arms between Bratislava
Bratislava
and Komárno
Komárno
, forming large islands. Its main tributaries are the Váh
Váh
, the Rába , the Rábca and the Marcal rivers.

Smaller microregions of the Little Alföld are Hanság , Seewinkel , Neusiedl Basin , Rábaköz , Szigetköz , Marcali Basin , Moson Plain , Komárom-Esztergom
Komárom-Esztergom
Plain and Žitný ostrov
Žitný ostrov
.

The neighbouring regions of Kemeneshát , Sopron- Vas
Vas
Plain and Steirisches Hügelland are sometimes classified as belonging to the Little Alföld, but Hungarian and Austrian geographers use the term in a more narrow meaning.

HISTORY

The plain has been an important area of agriculture since the Neolithic Age. The southern part of it belonged to the Roman province of Pannonia
Pannonia
between the 1st and 5th centuries and later was inhabited by Germans
Germans
and Slavic people
Slavic people
and since about 900 also by Hungarians
Hungarians
. Since about 1000, the region became part of the Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary
. After World War I the Little Alföld was divided between Hungary, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
and Austria. In the 1990s Slovakia
Slovakia
built a large dam and power plant at Gabčíkovo .

POPULATION

Country borders don't closely follow linguistic boundaries, especially in the case of the northern part of the plain where Hungarians
Hungarians
are a majority in the two southernmost districts Dunajská Streda and Komárno
Komárno
and a minority in the remaining districts. There are also smaller groups of Croats
Croats
in the tri-state border region. Important cities in the region are Győr
Győr
(HU), Komárom
Komárom
(HU), Komárno (SK), Dunajská Streda
Dunajská Streda
(SK), Nové Zámky
Nové Zámky
(SK), and Mosonmagyaróvár (HU).

SEE ALSO

* Great Alföld * Sedimentary basin
Sedimentary basin
* Lowland
Lowland

* v * t * e

Geographical regions of Hungary
Hungary

WEST-HUNGARIAN BORDERLAND

* Alpokalja * Kőszeg Mountains
Kőszeg Mountains
* Sopron Mountains
Sopron Mountains
* Vas
Vas
Hills * Balfi Hills

LITTLE HUNGARIAN PLAIN

* Hanság * Fertőzug * Neusiedl Basin * Rábaköz * Szigetköz * Marcali Basin * Moson Plain * Komárom-Esztergom
Komárom-Esztergom
Plain

TRANSDANUBIA

* Baranya * Zala Hills * Inner Somogy * Outer Somogy * Zselic * Völgység * Szekszárd Hills * Baranya Hills * Villány Mountains
Villány Mountains

TRANSDANUBIAN MOUNTAINS

* Keszthely Mountains * Tapolca Basin * Balaton Uplands * Bakony * Bakonyalja * Sokoró * Vértesalja * Velence Hills * Gerecse Mountains
Gerecse Mountains
* Buda Hills
Buda Hills
* Pilis Mountains * Visegrád Mountains * Vértes Mountains

TRANSDANUBIAN HILLS

* Mecsek
Mecsek
* Outer Somogy * Inner Somogy * Tolna-Baranya Hills * Balaton Basin

North Hungarian Mountains

* Börzsöny
Börzsöny
* Cserhát
Cserhát
* Mátra
Mátra
* Mátralába * Bükk * Zemplén Mountains
Zemplén Mountains

GREAT HUNGARIAN PLAIN

* Bácska * Bánát * Mezőföld * Sárrét * Sárköz * Drávamellék * Kunság
Kunság
* Kiskunság * Jászság
Jászság
* Pest Plain * Heves Plain * Borsodi-Mezőség * Bodrogköz * Tiszahát * Szatmár Plain * Maros-Körös köze * Körös-vidék * Nagykunság * Hortobágy
Hortobágy
* Hajdúság