HOME
The Info List - Little Hungarian Plain


--- Advertisement ---



The Little Hungarian Plain
Little Hungarian Plain
or Little Alföld (Hungarian: Kisalföld, Slovak: Malá dunajská kotlina, German: Kleine Ungarische Tiefebene) is a plain (tectonic basin) of approximately 8,000 km² in northwestern Hungary, south-western Slovakia
Slovakia
(Podunajská nížina – Danubian Lowland), and eastern Austria. It is a part of the Pannonian plain which covers most parts of Hungary.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Population 4 See also

Geography[edit]

The territory of the LHP in Hungary

The castle of the Eszterházy family. Such buildings are typical in the area

Its borders are the Carpathians on the north, the Bakony-Vértes Hills in the south, the Gerecse Hills in the east, and the Leitha Mountains and the foothills of the Alps
Alps
in the west. In Hungary, it includes most of Győr-Moson-Sopron
Győr-Moson-Sopron
and Vas
Vas
counties, and the western part of Komárom-Esztergom
Komárom-Esztergom
and Veszprém. The plain is roughly cut in half by the Danube
Danube
which is split up into many arms between Bratislava
Bratislava
and Komárno, forming large islands. Its main tributaries are the Váh, the Rába, the Rábca and the Marcal rivers. Smaller microregions of the Little Alföld are Hanság, Seewinkel, Neusiedl Basin, Rábaköz, Szigetköz, Marcali Basin, Moson Plain, Komárom-Esztergom
Komárom-Esztergom
Plain and Žitný ostrov. The neighbouring regions of Kemeneshát, Sopron- Vas
Vas
Plain and Steirisches Hügelland are sometimes classified as belonging to the Little Alföld, but Hungarian and Austrian geographers use the term in a more narrow meaning. History[edit] The plain has been an important area of agriculture since the Neolithic Age. The southern part of it belonged to the Roman province of Pannonia
Pannonia
between the 1st and 5th centuries and later was inhabited by Germans
Germans
and Slavic people
Slavic people
and since about 900 also by Hungarians. Since about 1000, the region became part of the Kingdom of Hungary. After World War I the Little Alföld was divided between Hungary, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
and Austria. In the 1990s Slovakia
Slovakia
built a large dam and power plant at Gabčíkovo. Population[edit] Country borders don't closely follow linguistic boundaries, especially in the case of the northern part of the plain where Hungarians
Hungarians
are a majority in the two southernmost districts Dunajská Streda
Dunajská Streda
and Komárno
Komárno
and a minority in the remaining districts. There are also smaller groups of Croats
Croats
in the tri-state border region. Important cities in the region are Győr
Győr
(HU), Komárom
Komárom
(HU), Komárno
Komárno
(SK), Dunajská Streda
Dunajská Streda
(SK), Nové Zámky
Nové Zámky
(SK), and Mosonmagyaróvár
Mosonmagyaróvár
(HU). See also[edit]

Great Alföld Sedimentary basin Lowland

v t e

Geographical regions of Hungary

West-Hungarian Borderland

Alpokalja Kőszeg Mountains Sopron Mountains Vas
Vas
Hills Balfi Hills

Little Hungarian Plain

Hanság Fertőzug Neusiedl Basin Rábaköz Szigetköz Marcali Basin Moson Plain Komárom-Esztergom
Komárom-Esztergom
Plain

Transdanubia

Baranya Zala Hills Inner Somogy Outer Somogy Zselic Völgység Szekszárd Hills Baranya Hills Villány Mountains

Transdanubian Mountains

Keszthely Mountains Tapolca Basin Balaton Uplands Bakony Bakonyalja Sokoró Vértesalja Velence Hills Gerecse Mountains Buda Hills Pilis Mountains Visegrád Mountains Vértes Mountains

Transdanubian Hills

Mecsek Outer Somogy Inner Somogy Tolna-Baranya Hills Balaton Basin

North Hungarian Mountains

Börzsöny Cserhát Mátra Mátralába Bükk Zemplén Mountains

Great Hungarian Plain

Bácska Bánát Mezőföld Sárrét Sárköz Drávamellék Kunság Kiskunság Jászság Pest Plain Heves Plain Borsodi-Mezőség Bodrogköz Tiszahát Szatmár Plain Maros-Körös köze Körös-vidék Nagykunság Hortobágy Hajdúság Nyírség Tiszántúl

Coordinates: 47°45′N 17°20′E / 47.750°N 17.333°E / 47

.