The Info List - List Of Vegetarians

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This is a list of notable people who have adhered to a vegetarian diet at some point during their life. In the cases where a person's vegetarian status is disputed or they no longer adhere to a vegetarian diet, this is noted next to their entry as disputed or former. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. Mohandas Gandhi Jane Goodall
Jane Goodall
, British primatologist Voltaire
, French philosopher Christine Lagarde Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
, Czech American tennis player Surya Bonaly
Surya Bonaly
, French professional figure skater Lo Wing-lok , Hong Kong doctor and politician Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
, German politician Forest Whitaker , Academy Award -winning American actor Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
, Academy Award -winning American-Israeli actress Gustav Struve
Gustav Struve
, German revolutionary Pythagoras of Samos , Greek philosopher credited with the discovery of Pythagoras\' theorem Shania Twain
Shania Twain
, Canadian singer George Bernard Shaw
George Bernard Shaw
, Irish playwright Kate Bush
Kate Bush
, British singer-songwriter Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
, Russian novelist Sharon den Adel
Sharon den Adel
, Dutch singer Herschel Walker , American football
American football
player Nicolette Kluijver
Nicolette Kluijver
, Dutch television presenter Georgina Verbaan
Georgina Verbaan
, Dutch actress Abraham Isaac Kook , the first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of the British Mandate for Palestine
Mandate for Palestine
, born in Latvia Anni-Frid Lyngstad
Anni-Frid Lyngstad
, Norwegian singer and member of Swedish pop group ABBA
Frederik van Eeden , Dutch writer and psychiatrist Julie Christie
Julie Christie
, British actress Francisco van Jole, Dutch journalist Isadora Duncan
Isadora Duncan
, American dancer often credited as the creator of modern dance Jaime de Magalhães Lima , Portuguese writer and Tolstoyan Leona Lewis
Leona Lewis
, British singer and winner of the third series of The X Factor Amílcar de Sousa , Portuguese physician, president of the first Portuguese vegetarian society Mojo Mathers
Mojo Mathers
, New Zealand politician Antoni Gaudí
Antoni Gaudí
, Spanish Catalan architect Shanna Moakler , American model crowned Miss USA 1995 and Playboy Playmate in 2001 John Chrysostom
John Chrysostom
, Archbishop of Constantinople, an important Early Church Father Esther Ouwehand , Dutch politician Dick Gregory
Dick Gregory
, American comedian John Harvey Kellogg , American doctor, best known as the inventor of corn flakes Gabe Saporta , Uruguayan musician, lead singer of the synthpop band Cobra Starship José Mujica , President of Uruguay since 2010 Yasmien Kurdi , Filipino singer, songwriter and actress Faye Wong
Faye Wong
, Chinese singer


* 1 Vegetarians * 2 Former vegetarians * 3 Disputed vegetarians * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References



SCOTT ADAMS Author United States

SHARON DEN ADEL Musician Netherlands

CHRIS ADLER Musician, drummer of Lamb of God United States

AGATHOCLES Political grindcore musical band Belgium

SIR C.V.RAMAN Physicist India

SHMUEL YOSEF AGNON Writer Israel (pp171–172)

DIANNA AGRON Actress United States

EDEN AHBEZ Musician United States (p171)

DAMON ALBARN Musician United Kingdom

WILLIAM ANDRUS ALCOTT Physician United States (pp34–44)

MICHAEL AMOTT Musician Sweden

AND THEN THERE WERE NONE Rock band United States

LAUREN ANDERSON Model United States

ANTHONY THE GREAT Christian saint Egypt (pp22–23)

ÁLEX ANWANDTER Musician, director Chile

Greece (pp30–35)


JOHNNY APPLESEED Nurseryman United States (pp6–7) (pp184–186,307–310)

JOAN ARMATRADING Musician United Kingdom

RICHARD ASHCROFT Musician United Kingdom

ASHOKA THE GREAT Emperor India (pp75–77)

(pp14–15) (pp22–23) (pp19–20) (pp55–57)

NADJA AUERMANN Model and actress Germany

EMILIE AUTUMN Singer-songwriter, poet, violinist, actress United States



South Korea

director Belgium

JACOB BANNON Musician, member of Converge United States


BOB BARKER Game show host United States

BRANDON BARNES Musician, drummer of Rise Against United States

Turkey (pp159–160) (p78)


JEFF BECK Musician United Kingdom

NICK BEGGS Musician United Kingdom

CONRAD BEISSEL Religious leader Germany (p3)

RAJA BELL Sportsman United States

BRIE BELLA Professional wrestler
Professional wrestler
, actress, WWE Ambassador United States

LEXI BELLE Actress United States

HILARY BENN Politician United Kingdom

J. D. BERESFORD Novelist
United Kingdom

ELIZABETH BERKLEY Actress United States

United Kingdom (pp99–107)

TRACI BINGHAM Actress United States

JOHN BISHOP Comedian United Kingdom

United States

PIPPA BLACK Actress Australia

ZACH BLAIR Musician, guitarist of Rise Against United States

KEES BOEKE Missionary Netherlands (p240)

MICHAEL BOLTON Musician United States

M. VISVESVARAYA Indian engineer, scholar, statesman and the Diwan of Mysore India

SURYA BONALY skater France

CORY BOOKER Politician United States

BRAMWELL BOOTH Chief of the Staff and General of The Salvation Army United Kingdom


WOUTER BOS Politician Netherlands

JACQUES BOYER Professional bicycle racer United States

JOSH BRADFORD Guitarist for Silverstein Canada

STUART BRAITHWAITE Guitarist of post-rock band Mogwai
United Kingdom

CONSTANTIN BRâNCUșI Sculptor, painter and photographer, pioneer of modernism Romania (p228)

JUSTIN LEE BRANNAN Artist, community activist, organizer United States

CLAUDIA DE BREIJ Comedian Netherlands

EVA BRIEGEL Singer Germany

CHRISTIE BRINKLEY Model, actress United States

PETER BROCK Motor racing
Motor racing
driver Australia

FENNER BROCKWAY Politician United Kingdom

LUITZEN E.J. BROUWER Mathematician
Netherlands (p236)

United States

GAUTAMA BUDDHA Spiritual teacher India (pp11–88) (pp21–23) (pp17–21) (pp50–57)

KATHALIJNE BUITENWEG Politician Netherlands

TAHITA BULMER Singer-songwriter
for electronic band New Young Pony Club United Kingdom

PETER BURWASH Tennis player Canada

KATE BUSH Musician United Kingdom

LAUREN BUSH Model , designer United States

JOHN CAMPBELL Bassist for Lamb of God United States

NACHO CANO Arranger, composer, musician, record producer Spain

JULIA CARLING Journalist United Kingdom

BELINDA CARLISLE Singer United States

player Norway

United Kingdom (pp79–80) (pp256–266,276)

BEN CARSON Neurosurgeon United States

PAUL CARTON Physician France

DAN CASTELLANETA Voice actor United States

SAINT CATHERINE OF SIENA Theologian Italy (pp167–168) (p89)

STEPHANIE CAYO Actress, singer, model Peru

CESCHI Musician United States

STEPHEN CHAN CHI WAN Businessman Hong Kong

AGUSTINA CHERRI Actress, dancer, model Argentina

JACKY CHEUNG Singer Hong Kong



JULIE CHRISTIE Actress United Kingdom

SAINT JOHN CHRYSOSTOM Early Church Father Turkey (p79) (p124)

ALEXA CHUNG Television
presenter United Kingdom

DANIëL DE CLERCQ Socialist Netherlands

SUE COE Artist
United Kingdom

J. M. COETZEE Writer South Africa (pp63–65)

Israel (p172)

SHE\\'AR YASHUV COHEN Rabbi Israel (pp172–173)

JOHN COLTRANE Musician United States

PAT CONDELL Writer United Kingdom

CONFUCIUS Philosopher China

JEREMY CORBYN Politician United Kingdom

LIAM CORMIER Musician United States

ABBIE CORNISH Actress Australia


ELVIS COSTELLO Musician United Kingdom

ROGER CRAB Haberdasher United Kingdom (pp26–38)

STAFFORD CRIPPS Politician United Kingdom

ERNEST HOWARD CROSBY Writer United States (pp143–147)

ATTILA CSIHAR Extreme metal musician Hungary

director Mexico

RIVERS CUOMO Musician United States

PETER CUSHING Actor United Kingdom

CHUCK D Rapper United States

THOMAS D. Rapper Germany

LEONARDO DA VINCI Polymath Republic of Florence

EUGEN D\\'ALBERT Musician Germany

JERU THE DAMAJA Rapper United States

LANA DEL REY Singer United States

GEORG FRIEDRICH DAUMER Poet Germany (pp282–286)

actor, director Mexico

MORARJI DESAI Politician India

FLOORTJE DESSING Presenter Netherlands

JULIETA DíAZ Actress Argentina

DAVE DICTOR Musician United States

PETER DINKLAGE Actor United States

MIKE DIRNT Musician United States

ELIZA DOOLITTLE Musician United Kingdom

DAVID D\\'OR Musician Israel

PIA DOUWES Actress Netherlands

Animal rights
activist United Kingdom (pp137–151)

ANNA DRIJVER Model Netherlands

ISADORA DUNCAN Dancer United States


FREDERIK VAN EEDEN Writer Netherlands

GREG EGAN Writer Australia

MICHAEL EISNER Businessman United States


EMMANUEL Singer Mexico

EMPEDOCLES Philosopher Greece (pp30–32) (pp41–42) (pp64–66)

GUY ENDORE Writer United States

SELMA ERGEç Actress Turkey

United States

minister United States (p40) (p7)

HENRI W.PH.E. VAN DEN BERGH VAN EYSINGA Writer Netherlands (p228)

BRIAN FAIR Vocalist for metal band Shadows Fall United States

United States

MARTY FELDMAN Comedian United Kingdom

ADAM FERGUSON Philosopher United Kingdom (p208) (pp204–206)

VANESSA FERLITO Actress United States

MARSILIO FICINO Philosopher Italy

DOUG FIEGER Musician United States

THOMAS GABRIEL FISCHER Metal musician who led the groups Hellhammer , Celtic Frost and Triptykon Switzerland

JON FITCH Mixed martial artist United States

FLUX OF PINK INDIANS Anarcho-punk/post-punk band United Kingdom

HARLEY FLANAGAN Founding member and former bassist of the crossover thrash band Cro-Mags . United States

JEROME FLYNN Actor United Kingdom


ALINA FOLEY Actress United States

DESMOND FORD Evangelical Christian Australia

THOMAS IGNATIUS MARIA FORSTER Astronomer United Kingdom (pp374–375)

J. D. FORTUNE Musician Canada

JORJA FOX Actress United States

SAGE FRANCIS Rapper United States

SAINT FRANCIS OF PAOLA Mendicant friar Italy (p146)

EDGAR FROESE German artist and electronic music pioneer, best known for founding the electronic music group Tangerine Dream
Tangerine Dream

SADIE FROST Actress United Kingdom

MOHANDAS GANDHI Spiritual leader and politician India (p.xii)

GAO YUANYUAN Actress China

ANTONI GAUDí Architect Spain

and dramatist United Kingdom (pp115–119)

TERI GENDER BENDER Musician United States

PHILIP GLASS Composer United States

BOBCAT GOLDTHWAIT Comedian United States

LEWIS GOMPERTZ Animal rights
Animal rights
advocate United Kingdom

JORGE GONZáLEZ Musician, former leader of the band Los Prisioneros Chile

JANE GOODALL Primatologist United Kingdom

JOãO GORDO Singer-songwriter

SHLOMO GOREN Rabbi Israel (pp104,173–174)

DAVE GORMAN Author, comedian United Kingdom

LAWRENCE GOWAN Musician Canada

SYLVESTER GRAHAM Dietary reformer United States (pp15–70) (pp141–148)

PERCY GRAINGER Musician Australia (pp78–79)

DION GRAUS Politician Netherlands

DERRICK GREEN Extreme metal vocalist for Sepultura United States

BARNEY GREENWAY Extreme metal vocalist for Napalm Death United Kingdom

GAIL GREENWOOD Musician United States

DICK GREGORY Comedian United States (pp215–218)

AMANDA GRIFFIN Model Philippines


BENJAMIN GROSVENOR Musician United Kingdom

VIDA GUERRA Glamour model Cuba

NACHA GUEVARA Singer-songwriter, dancer and actress Argentina


CHIN CHIN GUTIERREZ Actress Philippines

GZA Rapper United States

HA OKIO Musician Vietnam

ALEXANDER HACKE Musician Germany

NINA HAGEN Singer and actress Germany

J. B. S. HALDANE Scientist United Kingdom

SARAH JANE HAMILTON Pornographic actress United Kingdom

OTOMAN ZAR-ADUSHT HA\\'NISH Spiritual leader United States

Singer United States UK

HAO LEI Actress China

United Kingdom

GEORGE HARRISON Musician United Kingdom

LENIE \\'T HART Animal rights
Animal rights
activist Netherlands

MAARTEN \\'T HART Biologist Netherlands

DAVID HARTLEY Philosopher United Kingdom (pp207–209)

ANNIE HASLAM Musician United Kingdom

JULIANA HATFIELD Musician United States

LIZZY HAWKER Long-distance runner United Kingdom

HEAVEN SHALL BURN Extreme metal band Germany


MARTIN VAN HEES Philosopher Netherlands


HESIOD Oral poet Greece

RUDOLF HESS Politician Germany

MISSY HIGGINS Singer-songwriter Australia

SAINT HILARION Anchorite Egypt (pp24–25)


ADOLF HITLER Politician Germany

ISA HOES Actress Netherlands

LANCELOT HOGBEN Zoologist United Kingdom

and television presenter United Kingdom

JENS HOLM Politician Sweden

TUOMAS HOLOPAINEN Keyboardist, songwriter Finland

HENRIETTE ROLAND HOLST Poet Netherlands (p230)

HOSTAGE CALM Punk rock band United States

JOHN HOWARD Prison reformer United Kingdom

STEVE HOWE Musician, guitarist for progressive rock band Yes United Kingdom

MIKE HRANICA Singer for metalcore band The Devil Wears Prada United States

DAVE HUGHES Television
presenter Australia

presenter Netherlands

ALDOUS HUXLEY Writer United Kingdom

IAMBLICHUS Philosopher Syria

FRANK IERO Musician United States


EWOUT IRRGANG Politician Netherlands

MICHAEL JACKSON Singer United States

SUSAN SAINT JAMES Actress United States (pp47–58)

REID JAMIESON Singer-songwriter Canada

director United States

JEA Singer South Korea

MICK JENKINS Rapper United States

JOAN JETT Singer-songwriter United States

ÉDER JOFRE Boxer Brazil

MATT JOHNSON Vocalist and keyboardist of the indie pop duo Matt and Kim United States

CHRISTOFER JOHNSSON Musician, founder member of Therion Sweden

JAMES JOHNSTON Politician United Kingdom

HOWARD JONES Musician United Kingdom

WATKIN TUDOR JONES Musician South Africa

JóNSI Musician, founder of post-rock band Sigur Rós
Sigur Rós

JUANES Singer-songwriter Colombia

KABīR Poet India (pp47–49)

ALTER KACYZNE Photo-journalist Lithuania (p171)

FRANZ KAFKA Novelist Austria-Hungary

A. P. J. ABDUL KALAM Scientist, teacher, poet, former President of India
President of India

ROBERTA KALECHOFSKY Jewish writer, feminist, animal rights activist United States



ELIANE KARP Anthropologist, former First Lady of Peru France

BILL KAULITZ Singer Germany


MATT KEAN Musician United Kingdom

JOHN HARVEY KELLOGG Physician United States (pp149–158)


KESHA Singer-songwriter United States

AYYA KHEMA Bhikkhuni
Germany and United States

MASTA KILLA Rapper United States

KIM HYO-JIN Actress South Korea

ANNA BONUS KINGSFORD Magazine editor United Kingdom (pp374–383)

BEP VAN KLAVEREN Boxer Netherlands (p103)


presenter and model Netherlands

PAUL KOEHLER Drummer of metalcore band Silverstein Canada

NIKO KOFFEMAN Politician Netherlands

MARTINE WITTOP KONING Writer Netherlands (p231)

ABRAHAM ISAAC KOOK Rabbi Latvia (p175) (pp118–121)

and screenwriter Netherlands

K-OS Rapper Canada

KILLER KOWALSKI Professional wrestler
Professional wrestler
Canada (pp231–236)

and public speaker India

LIV KRISTINE Singer-songwriter Norway

KRS-ONE Rapper United States


ATTJE KUIKEN Politician Netherlands

SUSHIL KUMAR Wrestler India

FRANTIšEK KUPKA Artist Czechoslovakia

YASMIEN KURDI Singer Philippines

HALDOR LæGREID Singer Norway

MON LAFERTE Singer-songwriter Chile

BONNIE-JILL LAFLIN Model and television personality United States

CHRISTINE LAGARDE Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund

ALPHONSE DE LAMARTINE Writer, poet and politician France

BENJAMIN LAY Abolitionist United States

CLORIS LEACHMAN Actress United States


LEE HA-NUI Beauty pageant
Beauty pageant
titleholder South Korea

RITA LEE Singer-songwriter Brazil

PATRICIA DE LEóN Actress, TV host, model, beauty pageant titleholder Panama


CHRIS LESLIE Electric folk musician, member of Fairport Convention
Fairport Convention
United Kingdom

LEONA LEWIS Singer United Kingdom

TONY LEVIN Musician United States

JIMMY LIAO Picture book illustrator Taiwan

BART DE LIGT Anarcho-pacifist and antimilitarist Netherlands (p239)

JAN LIGTHART Teacher Netherlands (p220)

JACK LINDSAY Writer Australia (p77)

director United States

TZIPI LIVNI Politician Israel

ENEKO LLANOS Athlete Spain

LO WING-LOK Physician and politician Hong Kong

MICHAEL LOCHER Musician Switzerland

CLAIRE LOEWENFELD Nutritionist and herbalist Germany

LISA LOPES Rapper United States

CéSAR LóPEZ Musician Mexico

LU YOU Poet China

ARJEN LUCASSEN Singer-songwriter Netherlands

JOANNA LUMLEY Actress United Kingdom


LADY CONSTANCE LYTTON Suffragette United Kingdom

M-1 Rapper, member of Dead Prez United States

and politician Canada

FRANCISCO MADERO Politician, writer and revolutionary Mexico

R. MADHAVAN Actor, writer, producer, television presenter India

JAMBY MADRIGAL Politician Philippines

JAIME DE MAGALHãES LIMA Thinker, poet, essayist, literary critic, promoter of vegetarianism Portugal

TOBEY MAGUIRE Actor, producer United States

MAHAVIRA Sage who established tenets of Jainism
India (pp19–28)

and one of the leading conductors of his generation Austria-Hungary

, songwriter , record producer , actor Lithuania

JOãO MANZARRA Television host Portugal

BOB MARLEY Singer-songwriter
, guitarist Jamaica

JODIE MARSH Media personality, glamour model United Kingdom

BILLY MARTIN Guitarist and keyboardist for pop punk band Good Charlotte
Good Charlotte
United States

LUIS MIGUEL MARTíN Long-distance runner Spain

RICKY MARTIN Singer-songwriter
, actor Puerto Rico


DOUG MARTSCH Musician, member of Built to Spill
Built to Spill
United States

, model United Kingdom

PAUL MASVIDAL Musician, member of progressive metal band Cynic United States

MOJO MATHERS Politician, member of the New Zealand House of Representatives New Zealand

BRIAN MAY Musician, singer, songwriter, record producer, astrophysicist, author, contributor United Kingdom

, comedian Philippines

PAUL MAZURKIEWICZ Drummer for death metal band Cannibal Corpse
Cannibal Corpse
United States

WINSTON MCCALL Musician Australia

COLMAN MCCARTHY Journalist, teacher, lecturer, peace activist United States (pp206–207)

, composer , producer, businessman , member of The Beatles

United Kingdom

STELLA MCCARTNEY Fashion designer
Fashion designer
United Kingdom

RUE MCCLANAHAN Actress, comedian, author United States

PATRICK MCDONNELL Illustrator, creator of Mutts United States

JAY MCGUINESS Singer, member of the boy band The Wanted United Kingdom

TIM MCILRATH Musician, vocalist and guitarist of Rise Against United States

NELLIE MCKAY Singer-songwriter, actress, former stand-up comedian United States

EDWARD MCMILLAN-SCOTT Member of the European Parliament
Member of the European Parliament
United Kingdom

HEMANT MEHTA Author, blogger, atheist activist United States

who claims to be reformed and concerned about injustices Germany

and former presenter of the RedeTV!
programme Late Show Brazil

NATALIE MERCHANT Musician, songwriter United States

METHOD MAN Hip hop artist , record producer, actor, member of the Wu-Tang Clan

United States

CHUCHO MERCHáN Musician Colombia

SAINT ANGELA DE MERICI Religious leader and saint Italy (pp125–126)

JOHAN MESSCHAERT Singer and vocal pedagogue Netherlands (p219)

LEA MICHELE Actress, singer United States


, songwriter , film director United Kingdom

HAYLEY MILLS Actress, singer United Kingdom

MILO Rapper United States

philosopher Italy

SHANNA MOAKLER Actress, model, reality television celebrity United States

NARENDRA MODI Prime Minister of India India

ELIZABETH MARIA MOLTENO Suffragist and civil rights activist South Africa

for metal bands Martyr and Voivod Canada

SOPHIE MONK Singer, songwriter, actress, model Australia

THéODORE MONOD Naturalist, explorer, and humanist scholar France

ANDREA MONTENEGRO Actress, model Peru


ALAN MOORE Comic book writer United Kingdom

, swimsuit model, winner of Survivor: The Amazon United States

EDWIN MOSES Former track and field athlete United States

, author , satirist United Kingdom (pp243–250)

BAWA MUHAIYADDEEN Saintly Tamil -speaking teacher and Sufi mystic from the island of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (p175)

JOSé MUJICA President of Uruguay Uruguay

LILLIAN MüLLER Model, actress in motion pictures and television Norway

, professor , and writer Portugal

, member of indie pop band Belle ">(pp44–46)

MY SUMMER AS A SALVATION SOLDIER Singer-songwriter Iceland

ADAM MYERSON Cyclist United States

XAVIER NAIDOO Singer-songwriter, record producer Germany

ANDREW NAPOLITANO Senior Judicial Analyst for Fox News Channel, former host of Freedom Watch United States

MARTINA NAVRATILOVA Retired tennis player and a former World No. 1 Czech Republic

and comedian United States

and the second wife of Scott Nearing
Scott Nearing
United States

noted for founding the " Congregation of the Oratory " Italy (p152) (p153)

MIKE NESS Musician
for punk rock band Social Distortion
Social Distortion
United States

, member of Nightwish

, played for Manchester United and Everton United Kingdom

MATT NICHOLLS Musician, member of Bring Me the Horizon United Kingdom

GEORGE NICHOLSON Nationally known printer United Kingdom


FERDINAND DOMELA NIEUWENHUIS The Netherlands' first prominent socialist Netherlands (p214)

ROBERTO DE NOBILI Jesuit missionary to Southern India Italy

WILLIAM F. NOLAN Novelist, short story writer United States

, songwriter , author , activist , Nirvana member United States

PAAVO NURMI World record -setting runner Finland

NATASJA OERLEMANS Politician , prominent member of the Party for the Animals Netherlands

, activist Brazil

MARGRETH OLIN Film director
Film director
and producer Norway

MARIA O\\'NEILL Writer, poet, journalist, spiritualist Portugal

ONISION YouTuber and Internet personality United States

NATALIA OREIRO Singer, actrees, fashion designer Uruguay

KELLY OSBOURNE Singer-songwriter, author, actress, television personality, radio personality, fashion designer United Kingdom


CARRé OTIS Actress, model United States

ESTHER OUWEHAND Politician, marketing manager Netherlands

CEM ÖZDEMIR Politician Germany

WALBURGA, LADY PAGET Diarist, writer and an intimate friend of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria

MONTY PANESAR Cricketer United Kingdom

NATALIA PARíS Model Colombia

ALEXANDRA PAUL Actress United States

GASTóN PAULS Actor, TV host, producer Argentina

NICOLáS PAULS Actor, musician Argentina

for a number of noise rock and hardcore bands, as The Locust United States

and television actor, producer, and civil servant United States

ISAAC LEIB PERETZ Yiddish language author and playwright Poland (p171)

TONY PERRY Musician, member of Pierce the Veil United States

broadcaster United Kingdom

SIR RICHARD PHILLIPS Schoolteacher, author and publisher United Kingdom (pp235–244)

KELLIE PICKLER Singer-songwriter
United States

PLOTINUS Major philosopher of the ancient world Greece

PLUTARCH Biographer , essayist , priest , ambassador , magistrate Greece

HENRI POLAK Trade unionist and politician Netherlands (p229)

ALEXANDER POPE Poet United Kingdom

JOHN PORCELLY Musician United States

PORPHYRY Neoplatonic philosopher Greece (pp58–61) (pp37–38)

MARTíN DE PORRES Lay brother of the Dominican Order
Dominican Order
Peru (p206)

JOHN COWPER POWYS Novelist United Kingdom

A. C. BHAKTIVEDANTA SWAMI PRABHUPADA Gaudiya Vaishnava teacher, founder-acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness India (pp56–60) (pp173–180)

JOE PRINCIPE Musician, bassist of Rise Against United States

JADE PUGET Musician, member of the alternative rock band AFI United States

band Norway

JIMMY PURSEY Musician, record producer United Kingdom

PYTHAGORAS OF SAMOS Ionian Greek philosopher , mathematician , founder of Pythagoreanism

MAGGIE Q Actress, model United States

MARTHA QUINN One of the original video jockeys on MTV
United States

and autodidact India

MURRAY RANKIN Politician Canada

and man of letters during the Age of Enlightenment
Age of Enlightenment

JEAN JACQUES ÉLISéE RECLUS Geographer, anarchist revolutionary, and writer France (pp88,105,173–176)

REDMAN Rapper , record producer, actor United States

Grandmaster with an Elo rating of 2542 Netherlands

ILYA YEFIMOVICH REPIN Leading Russian painter and sculptor of the Peredvizhniki
artistic school Russia (pp110–114)

RESHMA Renowned folk singer of Pakistan Pakistan

who was Bishop
of Chichester United Kingdom (p191) (p81)

JOSEPH RITSON Antiquary United Kingdom (pp185–190)

of Israel

ALICE ROBERTS Anatomist, paleopathologist, TV presenter United Kingdom

ANDY ROBINSON English rugby union coach and retired player United Kingdom

JOSé LUIS RODRíGUEZ Singer Venezuela

FRED ROGERS Educator, minister, songwriter, television host United States

HUBERTO ROHDEN Philosopher, educator, theologist , author, pioneer of transcendentalism Brazil

ROMAIN ROLLAND Dramatist , essayist , art historian , novelist France

ULI JON ROTH Musician Germany

, singer-songwriter Australia

HASTINGS RUSSELL, 12TH DUKE OF BEDFORD Nobility, activist United Kingdom

Rapper , CEO
, record producer , actor , screenwriter , author , director United States

, philosopher , and scholar of Judaism
United Kingdom

, botanist France (pp208–214) (pp173–176)

HENRY STEPHENS SALT Writer, teacher, social reformer United Kingdom

DIEDERIK SAMSOM Politician Netherlands

RIC SANDERS Violinist, member of Fairport Convention
Fairport Convention
United Kingdom


GABE SAPORTA Lead singer and primary creative force behind the synthpop band Cobra Starship Uruguay

SUSAN SARANDON Actress United States

JUDITH SARGENTINI GreenLeft politician Netherlands

, filmmaker Uruguay

SWAMI SATCHIDANANDA Religious teacher, spiritual master and yoga adept India

KOOL SAVAS German rapper Germany

NIKOLAS SCHILLER Blogger , prominent digital map artist in the blogosphere , civil rights activist United States

WIM T. SCHIPPERS Voice actor , producer, comedian Netherlands

host Netherlands

JASON SCHWARTZMAN Actor, musician United States

ALBERT SCHWEITZER Music, philanthropy, theology Germany

JENNY SEAGROVE Actress, political activist United Kingdom

KEVIN SECONDS Singer for hardcore punk band 7 Seconds United States

VIRENDER SEHWAG One of the leading batsmen in the Indian cricket team India

SANDRA SEIFERT Nurse, beauty pageant contestant, fashion model Taiwan

SERENITY Erotic dancer and pornographic actress United States

CHRISTIAN SERRATOS Actress United States

QUINTUS SEXTIUS Philosopher, whose philosophy combined Pythagoreanism
with Stoicism


OTEP SHAMAYA Vocalist of nu metal band Otep United States

GEORGE BERNARD SHAW Playwright, critic, political activist Ireland

MARTIN SHAW Actor United Kingdom

FRANCIS SHEEHY-SKEFFINGTON Pacifist, Suffragist Ireland

PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY Poet, dramatist, essayist, novelist United Kingdom (pp218–235)

HERBERT SHELTON Alternative medicine
Alternative medicine
advocate, author, pacifist United States (pp160–161)

SHEETAL SHETH Actress, producer United States

and singer Taiwan

, essayist and writer Portugal

SARAH SILVERMAN Comedian, writer, actress, singer and musician United States

AARON SIMPSON Mixed martial artist United States

ISAAC BASHEVIS SINGER Novelist, short story writer United States (pp237–242)

PETER SINGER Moral philosopher Australia

FAUJA SINGH Centenarian
marathon runner India

for Alkaline Trio
Alkaline Trio
and Blink-182
United States

and comedian Norway

South Korea

MATT SORUM Musician United States

PATRICIA SOSA Singer Argentina

SOTION Neopythagorean philosopher Greece

AMíLCAR DE SOUSA Medical doctor
Medical doctor
, author , president of the first Portuguese vegetarian society Portugal

HENRY SPIRA Widely regarded as one of the most effective animal rights activists of the 20th century United States

BILL STEER Guitarist for extreme metal band Carcass United Kingdom

AAD STELYLEN Former Dutch athlete , specialised in long distances Netherlands (p102)

ARRAN STEPHENS Writer, founder of Nature\'s Path Foods Canada

and singer Germany

JON STEWART TV show host, comedian United States

JOSS STONE Singer-songwriter, actress United Kingdom

JAN P. STRIJBOS Naturalist, cineast, photographer, journalist, writer Netherlands (p242)

GUSTAV STRUVE Politician Germany (pp271–281)

RUBEN STUDDARD Singer , actor United States

MARíA EUGENIA SUáREZ Actress, singer, model Argentina

anchor United States

OLIVER SYKES Musician, member of Bring Me the Horizon United Kingdom

RABINDRANATH TAGORE Poet, playwright, essayist India

AMBER TAMBLYN Actress United States

, songwriter , record producer , poet , activist , System of a Down member United States

TARKAN Singer-songwriter
, record producer, performer Turkey

TERTULLIAN Prolific early Berber Christian author from Carthage
in the Roman province of Africa Roman Empire (Carthage) (p53) (pp116–117)

MARIANNE THIEME Politician , animal rights activist , author Netherlands

MAARTEN TJALLINGII Professional racing cyclist for UCI ProTeam LottoNL–Jumbo Netherlands

, short story writer, playwright , essayist Russia (pp88–97)

PETER TOSH Musician, member of The Wailers Jamaica

DEVIN TOWNSEND Musician, former member of Strapping Young Lad United States

, sculptor Russia

, feminist , pacifist , teacher Netherlands (p226)

SHANIA TWAIN Singer-songwriter, television personality Canada

RICHARD UNGEWITTER Writer, pioneer of the German nudist movement Germany (pp436–437)

band United States

MELLIE UYLDERT Writer, alternative healer , occultist and astrologer Netherlands (p246)

STEVE VAI Guitarist, composer, singer, songwriter, producer United States

PEDRO VALDJIU Musician, member of Blasted Mechanism Portugal

FERNANDO VALLEJO Novelist, filmmaker, essayist Colombia

, songwriter , member of alternative rock band Pearl Jam
Pearl Jam
United States

MARLY VAN DER VELDEN Actress Netherlands

KRISTA VAN VELZEN Politician Netherlands

MILO VENTIMIGLIA Actor, director United States

GEORGINA VERBAAN Actress, singer Netherlands

DIRK VERBEUREN Drummer for melodic death metal band Soilwork

UMBERTO VERONESI Surgeon and oncologist Italy


YOLANDI VISSER Musician South Africa

SWAMI VIVEKANANDA Chief disciple of the 19th-century saint Ramakrishna
India (pp50–52)

VOLTAIRE Writer, philosopher, playwright France

MARIJKE VOS Politician Netherlands

VYDūNAS Teacher, poet, humanist, philosopher and Lithuanian Lithuania

HERSCHEL WALKER Former college and professional football player and a mixed martial artist United States

JEFFREY WALKER Vocalist and bassist for extreme metal band Carcass United Kingdom

of many Olympic reference books and other reference books United States (pp219–224)

BERNARD WEATHERILL Politician, Speaker of the House of Commons United Kingdom

DENNIS WEAVER Actor United States

JOHN WESLEY Founder of Methodism
United Kingdom

JASON WHALLEY Singer for punk rock band Frenzal Rhomb Australia

FOREST WHITAKER Actor, producer, director United States

and co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church
Seventh-day Adventist Church
United States

ZARA WHITES Former adult film actress Netherlands

NORBERT WIENER Mathematician
, famous child prodigy , originator of cybernetics United States

WENDY O. WILLIAMS Singer, actress, member of the punk rock band Plasmatics United States

STEVEN WILSON Solo progressive rock musician, frontman of Porcupine Tree
Porcupine Tree
United Kingdom

FAYE WONG Recording artist, actress China

S. FOWLER WRIGHT Novelist United Kingdom

and writer United Kingdom (pp167–171)

SHMULY YANKLOWITZ Modern Orthodox Rabbi
, activist, educator, writer, motivational speaker , social entrepreneur , founder of Uri L\'Tzedek United States

"WEIRD AL" YANKOVIC Comedy musician United States

United Kingdom

South Korea

THOM YORKE Musician, singer and principal songwriter of the alternative rock band Radiohead
United Kingdom

, essayist , poet France

ZARATHUSTRA Founder of Zoroastrianism

ZENDAYA Actress, singer-songwriter United States

ETHAN ZOHN Soccer player United States



MORTEN ABEL Musician Norway

LOUISA MAY ALCOTT Novelist United States

QUINN ALLMAN Musician United States

GILLIAN ANDERSON Actress United States

JON ANDERSON Musician United Kingdom

CHRISTIAN BALE Actor United Kingdom

BLIXA BARGELD Musician Germany

ANDY BELL Musician
for bands such as Ride and Oasis United Kingdom

AMBER BENSON Actress United States

ORLANDO BLOOM Actor United Kingdom

JUSTIN BROADRICK Musician United Kingdom

CHRIS CERULLI Founder of the metal band Motionless in White
Motionless in White
United States

14TH DALAI LAMA Monk Tibet


DAVID DUCHOVNY Actor United States

JOE DUPLANTIER Musician France

FAT MIKE Musician United States

PRINCE FIELDER Baseball player United States

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN Politician United States

PETER GABRIEL Musician United Kingdom

GEPE Singer-songwriter Chile

Daniel Gildenlöw Musician
and songwriter Sweden

and neuroscientist United States

JOSH HARTNETT Actor United States

DARREN HAYES Singer-songwriter Australia


DANIEL KESSLER Musician, guitarist for Interpol United States

EMILY KINNEY Actress, singer-songwriter United States

ASH LIEB Artist, comedian and writer Australia

MADONNA Songstress United States

CHRIS MARTIN Musician United Kingdom

SIR IAN MCKELLEN Actor United Kingdom

MEAT LOAF Musician United States

ALYSSA MILANO Actress United States

DANNII MINOGUE Actress, singer Australia

ROGER MIRET Hardcore punk vocalist United States

NATE NEWTON Musician United States

HAYDEN PANETTIERE Actress United States

KATE PIERSON Musician, member of new wave band The B-52\'s United States

GEOFF ROWLEY Professional skateboarder United Kingdom

GAD SAAD Evolutionary Behavioural Scientist Canada

JULIA SAWALHA Actress United Kingdom

DAX SHEPARD Actor United States

CHRIS SQUIRE Musician United Kingdom

MICHAEL STIPE Musician United States

ARVE TELLEFSEN Violinist Norway

FRANK TURNER Singer-songwriter United Kingdom

PAUL WELLER Musician United Kingdom

PETE WENTZ Musician, bassist and lyricist of Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
United States

TOYAH WILLCOX Singer, actress United Kingdom

KARL WILLETS Death metal vocalist for Bolt Thrower United Kingdom


This list includes only those for whom there is a legitimate dispute of the fact and omits those merely rumored of being a vegetarian, regardless of how widely such rumor is spread.



CHARLOTTE BRONTë Novelist United Kingdom


ALBERT EINSTEIN Theoretical physicist Germany

RALPH WALDO EMERSON Writer, philosopher United States

HENRY FORD Founder of Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company
United States

GAAHL Black metal and folk musician Norway

MARUSHA APHRODITE GLEIß German techno artist/DJ Germany

STEVE JOBS Co-founder of Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
United States

JOHN THE BAPTIST Itinerant preacher
Itinerant preacher
and a major religious figure Roman Empire

ABRAHAM LINCOLN 16th President
of the United States United States

SIR ISAAC NEWTON Scientist United Kingdom

PLATO Classical Greek philosopher , mathematician , student of Socrates
, writer, founder of the Academy in Athens Greece

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE Playwright United Kingdom

SOCRATES Philosopher Greece

HENRY DAVID THOREAU Author United States

MARK TWAIN Author, humorist United States

RICHARD WAGNER Composer Germany (pp371–374) (pp89–95)

MARK ZUCKERBERG Founder of Facebook United States


* List of vegans
List of vegans


* ^ "He ate once a day, after sunset, sometimes once in two days, and often even in four. His food was bread and salt, his drink, water only. Of flesh and wine it is superfluous even to speak, since no such thing was found with the other earnest men." :Paragraph 7 * ^ (Original Dutch ) V: "Wie is die man die 's zondags het vlees snijdt?" A: "De tofoe snijdt, want ik ben vegetariër." (Translation into English ) Q: "Who is that man preparing the meat on Sunday?" A: "Preparing the tofu , because I am a vegetarian." * ^ (Original Dutch ) "Wat hebben Paul McCartney, Claudia de Breij, Erik Mouthaan en Pia Douwes met elkaar gemeen? Ze zijn vegetariërs..." (Translation into English ) "What do Paul McCartney, Claudia de Breij, Erik Mouthaan and Pia Douwes have in common? They're vegetarians..." * ^ Gregerson (p21) observes: "As Zen roshi, Philip Kapleau points out (see his Cherish All Life), any attempt by Theravadins and others to attribute to the Buddha himself, words permitting the consumption of meat involve a blatant falsification and corruption of sacred texts!" * ^ "I became a vegetarian in 1976 while watching a deer being butchered." * ^ "It may be of interest to note, in view of his exuberant vigor and great powers of endurance, that d'Albert is a strict vegetarian" (p196) * ^ (Original Dutch ) "Presentator Babs Assink vraagt vegetariër en dierenvriend 't Hart of het een angstaanjagend beeld is dat wij het varken tot op het bot verslinden." (Translation into English ) " Presenter Babs Assink asks vegetarian and animal friend 't Hart whether or not it is a frightening image that we devour our pigs to the bone." * ^ "If the FRS knew Hartley as a friend, he would know him to be a mathematician with a special interest in statistics, an amateur violinist, and a vegetarian who saw animals as bearing a "near relation" to humans." * ^ Hesiod
was clearly NOT a vegetarian. In his poem Works and Days , he advises about various forms of animal exploitation, including animal sacrifice ("as far as you are able, sacrifice to the deathless gods purely and cleanly, and burn rich meats also", lines 336-337) the use of animals for agriculture ("Get two oxen, bulls of nine years; for their strength is unspent and they are in the prime of their age: they are best for work." lines 436-438) for fur ("Lace on your feet close-fitting boots of the hide of a slaughtered ox, thickly lined with felt inside. And when the season of frost comes on, stitch together skins of firstling kids with ox-sinew, to put over your back and to keep off the rain." lines 541-544), castration ("On the eighth of the month geld the boar and loud- bellowing bull, but hard-working mules on the twelfth." 790-791) and meat eating ("But at that time let me have a shady rock and wine of Biblis, a clot of curds and milk of drained goats with the flesh of an heifer fed in the woods, that has never calved, and of firstling kids" lines 588-592), etc. * ^ Traudl Junge , who became Hitler's secretary in December 1942, wrote in her memoirs that he ate only side dishes, always avoiding meat. Likewise, Margot Wölk , who was forced to work as one of Hitler's food tasters at the Wolf\'s Lair (1941–1944), stated that all the food she tested for Hitler was vegetarian, and she recalled no meat or fish. Léon Degrelle , an acquaintance of Hitler, also recalled "He could not bear to eat meat, because it meant the death of a living creature. He refused to have so much as a rabbit or a trout sacrificed to provide his food. He would allow only eggs on his table, because egg-laying meant that the hen had been spared rather than killed." See also: the Vegetarianism
of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
. * ^ (Original Dutch ) "Zijn gedrevenheid moet, zeggen velen, voortkomen uit religieus besef: de vegetariër Koffeman is net als zijn vrouw belijdend Zevende-dagsadventist, een klein protestants kerkgenootschap."' (Translation into English ) "His determination has to, some say, come from religieus belief: the vegetarian Koffeman is just like his wife a practising Seventh-day Adventist , a small protestant denomination." * ^ "Under Diefenbachs theosophical influence Kupka becomes a strict vegetarian and adopts a regime of daily physical exercises". (p21) * ^ "Meets Nazarene artist Karl Diefenbach, who advocates man's return to naure. Moves to Diefenbach's home and participates in communal life-style there, which features vegetarian cuisine, outdoor baths, nude exercising, discussions about spiritual issues, music, and painting." (p408) * ^ "True it is that Lamartine ate flesh and fish at one period of his life; but we have the authority of Douglas Jerrold's London Journal for assuring our readers that he is again a vegetarian." (p222) * ^ "Lamartine said that, despite his conventions, in adulthood he conformed to society by eating meat. But contemporaries recall that later in life Lamartine reconverted to vegetarianism after travelling through India, and lived in Paris like a Hindu vegetarian..." (p214) * ^ Jaime de Magalhães Lima (1859–1936) was a Portuguese writer born in Aveiro. He studied Law in the University of Coimbra. He was an admirer of Tolstoy and visited him in Russia. In 1912 he wrote the essay O Vegetarismo e a Moralidade das raças. * ^ "The following season proved a very gloomy one for Mahler. Once more the "city of music" could furnish him no greater material consolation than that of a few piano-pupils. Evenings he would attach himself to a group of young, poverty-stricken Wagnerian enthusiasts and over a cup of coffee help wage the abstract battles of the music-dramatist's political and ethical doctrines. Of these sage utterances one the young musicians adopted unanimously was the proposal to regenerate mankind through strict, vegetarian diet. Perhaps the cost of meat-dishes had as much to do with this resolution as the realization that carnivorous humanity was going to the dogs. Although two years had passed since those unforgettable meatless meetings of the young Wagnerians in Vienna, Mahler was in Olmuetz still a vegetarian, claiming bitterly that he went to the restaurant to starve." :Chapter III * ^ "Keussler is also already here. A splendid fellow. After the Saturday evening rehearsal I'll be joining him for a vegetarian meal. (10 September 1908)";(p254) "I'll presumably have to assume the role of 'the flesh pots in the land of Egypt'. Ouch! What a metaphor for a husband with vegetarian inclinations! (June 1909)."(p272) * ^ 'O consumo de animais é supérfluo, não há razão para continuar a comê-los quando é tão fácil ser vegetariano', comentou Desidério Murcho, filósofo e vegetariano convicto . * ^ "I advocate eating nutritious food (I'm a vegetarian), working out, being in top form mentally and physically...". (pp172–173) * ^ (Original Dutch ) "De koeien waren moe en zwak, maar werden toch de vrachtwagens ingeschopt en geslagen. Toen heb ik besloten daar niet mee aan mee te werken en vegetariër te worden." (Translation into English ) "The cows were tired and weak and were brutally thrown into the trucks. At that point I decided to become a vegetarian and stop supporting this." * ^ " Plotinus
came from somewhere in Egypt and lived a frugal life. He was celibate and vegetarian and took little in the way of food, drink and sleep." * ^ "Outro autor muito afamado de nossos dias, Raynal, era igualmente sóbrio. A senhora Marquesa de Alorna, que muitas vezes o teve a jantar, me contou, que nunca o vira comer mais que algumas poucas ervas e fruta, nem beber senão água." (pp281–282) * ^ (Original Dutch ) "Of vlees-vrije stijlvolle godinnen als Marly van der Velden, Alyssa Milano, Isa Hoes, Jorinde Moll, Loretta Schrijver " (Translation into English ) "Or meat free stylish goddesses like Marly van der Velden, Alyssa Milano, Isa Hoes, Jorinde Moll, Loretta Schrijver " * ^ "Sextius thought, that there was food enough for man in the world without shedding blood; and that the taking pleasure in butchering helpless animals, only inspired men with cruelty." * ^ (Original Dutch ) "Of ik zelf ook vegetariër ben? Zelf heb ik dat vlees echter niet meer nodig. Bovendien wil ik graag advocaat voor de dieren zijn en u snapt dat ik dan liever niet mijn eigenklanten opeet." (Translation into English ) "Whether or not I am a vegetarian myself? I do not to eat meat anymore. In fact, I want to defend the rights of animals (as a lawyer) and I guess you understand I would rather not eat my own clients" * ^ "Repin's contemporary the prominent sculptor Paolo Trubetskoi was also sympathetic to theosophical ideas and was a vegetarian and confirmed antivivisectionist". * ^ (Original Dutch ) V: "Waarom ben je vegetariër?" A: "'Ik vind het onzin om vlees te eten terwijl er tegenwoordig genoeg vleesvervangers zijn. Vlees eten is ontzettend zielig voor de diertjes. Ik ben dus zeker al twee jaar vegetariër." (Translation into English ) Q: "Why are you a vegetarian?" A: "I think there is no sense in eating meat since there are loads of alternatives available. Eating meat, it's so sad for those poor animals. So I have been a vegetarian for at least two years." * ^ " or Zara Whites, a former Dutch porn actress. The militant vegetarian made a half-naked appearance at the last 'Salon International de l'Agriculture'" * ^ He (Wright) did not smoke or eat meat, rarely drank alcohol, and exercised with a rare determination". * ^ Although Louisa May Alcott
Louisa May Alcott
is in many famous vegetarians lists, she probably wasn't a vegetarian. It appears that although she was raised a vegetarian by her father Amos Bronson Alcott, she didn't maintain that diet. Vegetarian historian Rynn Berry wrote: "Whereas Amos Bronson Alcott remained a vegetarian for the rest of his life – refusing to consume milk, eggs, fish, meat, and cheese, or wear leather or woollen clothing – his wife and their four daughters were backsliders." (p133) * ^ DiCaprio was vegetarian when first meeting Paltrow, though later in life eat meats at a dinner with Tobey Macquire, a vegan.; * ^ David Duchovny identified as a vegetarian in the late 1990s; however in recent years he has been regarded as a pescetarian. * ^ "The passage from Gaskell has persuaded many vegetarians that Charlotte Brontë was one of their number. In fact, even as children, the Brontë siblings ate flesh, both according to their father and to the friends. Moreover, the diaries of the Brontë children refer to their meals and their menus, all of which contain a flesh component." (p241) * ^ Einstein was known to be sympathetic to the vegetarian cause: "Although I have been prevented by outward circumstances from observing a strictly vegetarian diet, I have long been an adherent to the cause in principle." It is also possible that Einstein adopted a vegetarian diet in the final year of his life: a single letter to Hans Muehsam, dated 30 March 1954 states that he was vegetarian; while in a letter to Max Kariel seven months earlier, he said that he was not. * ^ Although Emerson appears in many un-sourced "Famous Vegetarian" Lists in the internet, he was not a vegetarian: "Once, while Amos Bronson Alcott (a vegetarian) sat at Ralph Waldo Emerson's dinner table, his host discussed the savagery of cannibalism. Emerson was carving a roast as he told his tale. Alcott joked with his nonvegetarian friend: "But Mr. Emerson, if we are to eat meat at all why should we not eat the best?" (p58) * ^ "Ford, not a vegetarian, was obsessed with soybeans " (p157) * ^ Some sources state that Jobs was pescetarian rather than vegetarian. * ^ "Ancient sources sometimes identify Plato
as a vegetarian, but none of these were his contemporaries, and it is not clear whether their authors knew for a fact that he ate no meat, or were making an assumption based on the vegetarian passages in The Republic and the Laws and the obvious Pythagorean influence in Plato's philosophy." (p33) * ^ "Another list named Shakespeare, the economic and social theorist Adam Smith (an advocate but not a practitioner), and that avid hunter Prince Charles as "famous vegetarians." There is no evidence to support the vegetarianism of any one of them – and a great deal to indicate otherwise.". (p21)"Even Shakespeare who was no vegetarian was burlesquing the Pythagorean theory of reincarnation " (p4) * ^ Norm Phelps argues that Socrates
was not a vegetarian. (pp32–33) * ^ And numerous lists of vegetarians include both Henry David Thoreau and Charles Darwin, neither of whom gave up flesh or claimed to do so." * ^ Mark Twain
Mark Twain
is on many famous vegetarian lists, however these lists fail to provide evidence to substantiate the claim. Shelley Fisher Fishkin , the editor of The Mark Twain's Book of Animals writes that "Twain was not a vegetarian himself". * ^ Lilli Lehmann, My Path Through Life (1914): "We stayed to a meal with the Wagners, during which he talked much about vegetarianism that he wanted to adopt entirely, but his physician was opposed to it. After what I know of it to-day from my own experience, I am certain that Wagner, without going to the extremes of vegetarianism, would have found it a means of lengthening his life."


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* v * t * e

Veganism and vegetarianism



* Animal-free agriculture
Animal-free agriculture
* Fruitarianism
* History * Juice fasting
Juice fasting
* Low-carbon diet * Raw veganism * Nutrition * Vegan organic gardening


* Economic vegetarianism * Environmental vegetarianism
Environmental vegetarianism
* History * Lacto vegetarianism * Ovo vegetarianism * Ovo-lacto vegetarianism * Cuisine * Vegetarian Diet Pyramid
Vegetarian Diet Pyramid
* Ecofeminism * Nutrition * By country


* Macrobiotic diet
Macrobiotic diet
* Pescetarianism


* Vegans * Vegetarians * Vegetarian festivals * Vegetarian festivals * Vegetarian restaurants



* Animal rights
Animal rights
* Animal welfare
Animal welfare
* Carnism * Deep ecology * Environmental vegetarianism
Environmental vegetarianism
* Ethics of eating meat
Ethics of eating meat
* Meat paradox
Meat paradox
* Nonviolence
* Speciesism * Tirukkuṛaḷ


* Buddhism * Christianity

* Hinduism

* Sattvic * Ahimsa

* Sikhism * Rastafari * Jainism
* Judaism
* Pythagorean diet

Food, drink

* Agar
* Agave nectar
Agave nectar

* Meat analogue

* List of meat substitutes

* Miso
* Mochi
* Mock duck * Nutritional yeast
Nutritional yeast
* Plant cream * Plant milk * Quinoa
* Quorn * Seitan * Soy yogurt * Tempeh
* Tofu
* Tofurkey * Cheese * Hot dog * Vegetarian mark * Sausage * Beer * Wine * Veggie burger
Veggie burger

Groups, events, companies


* American Vegan Society * Beauty Without Cruelty * Food Empowerment Project * Go Vegan * Movement for Compassionate Living * Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine * Plamil Foods * Vegan Awareness Foundation * Vegan flag * Vegan Ireland * Vegan Outreach * Vegan Prisoners Support Group * The Vegan Society * Veganz * World Vegan Day


* American Vegetarian Party * Boston Vegetarian Society * Christian Vegetarian Association * European Vegetarian Union * Hare Krishna Food for Life
Hare Krishna Food for Life
* International Vegetarian Union
International Vegetarian Union
* Jewish Veg * Linda McCartney Foods

* Meat-free days

* Meatless Monday

* Swissveg * Toronto Vegetarian Association * Vegetarian Society * Vegetarian Society (Singapore) * Veggie Pride * Viva! Health * World Esperantist Vegetarian Association * World Vegetarian Day

Books, reports

* Thirty-nine Reasons Why I Am a Vegetarian (1903) * The Benefits of Vegetarianism
(1927) * Diet for a Small Planet (1971) * Moosewood Cookbook (1977) * Fit for Life (1985) * Diet for a New America (1987) *