This is a list of shortbread biscuits and cookies. Shortbread is a type of biscuit (American English: cookie) traditionally made from one part white sugar, two parts butter, and three parts flour (by weight). Shortbread originated in Scotland, with the first printed recipe, in 1736, from a Scotswoman named Mrs McLintock.
The use of plain white (wheat) flour is common today, and other ingredients like ground rice or cornflour are sometimes added to alter the texture. Also, modern recipes often deviate from the pure three ingredients by splitting the sugar portion into equal parts granulated sugar and icing sugar (powdered sugar in American English) and many further add a portion of salt.
Several varieties of shortbread exist. Some companies mass-produce shortbread cookies and market them under various brand names.
- Berger Cookies – made and distributed by DeBaufre Bakeries, they are topped with a thick layer of chocolate fudge that derives from a German recipe, and are a cultural icon of Baltimore, Maryland. Its recipe was brought to America from Germany by George and Henry Berger in 1835.
- Black and white cookie – a soft, sponge-cake-like shortbread which is iced on one half with vanilla fondant, and on the other half by chocolate fondant.
- Border Biscuits
- Caramel shortbread – a biscuit confectionery item composed of a rectangular shortbread biscuit base topped with a very soft caramel filling and a milk chocolate topping.
- Countess – small, slightly sweet shortbread that is typical of Guianan Cuisine, the cuisine of French Guiana
- Dean's - shortbread
- E.L. Fudge – an American snack food manufactured by the Keebler Company
- Empire biscuit – a sweet biscuit popular in the United Kingdom, particularly Scotland, and other Commonwealth countries, it is also popular in Northern Ireland.
- Ghoriba – a round, shortbread cookie prepared in the Maghreb and other parts of the Middle East
- Hello Panda – a brand of Japanese biscuit, manufactured by Meiji Seika
- Jammie Dodgers – a popular British biscuit, made from shortbread with a raspberry or strawberry flavoured jam filling. Currently produced by Burton's Biscuit Company at its factory in Llantarnam.
- Jodenkoek – Originating in the Netherlands, a big, flat, round shortbread cookie with a diameter of about 10 centimeters. It is claimed to have been first baked in the 17th century, and these cookies were advertised by bakeries as early as 1872.
- Lorna Doone – a brand produced by Nabisco
- Ma'amoul – a shortbread pastry in Arab countries filled with dates, pistachios or walnuts (or occasionally almonds, figs, or other fillings)
- McVitie's – produces the All-Butter Shortbread brand of biscuits
- Nankhatai – shortbread biscuits popular in India and Pakistan.
- Paterson-Arran – shortbread biscuits, oatcakes and other biscuits, and chutneys
- Polvorón – a type of heavy, soft and very crumbly Spanish shortbread made of flour, sugar, milk, and nuts, specially almonds.
- Qurabiya – a shortbread-type biscuit originating from Iran, usually made with ground almonds. Several regional variations exist.
- Repostería – a Mexican type of shortbread-like cookie that's lightly baked and dipped into a cinnamon sugar blend until the cinnamon sugar surrounds the cookie. These are often served with coffee or hot spiced Mexican chocolate.
- Royal Dansk. a brand of butter cookie produced in Denmark by the Kelsen Group since 1966, and widely exported in a distinctive blue tin featuring an image of the Hjemstavnsgaard farmhouse on the island of Funen
- Sablé – a French round shortbread cookie that originates in Sablé-sur-Sarthe, in Sarthe
- Sandies – a shortbread cookie. A commercial variety is manufactured by the Keebler Company
- Singoalla – a Swedish brand of shortbread biscuit with raspberry, citrus, licorice or blueberry filling and cream with vanilla flavor
- Walkers Shortbread – a Scottish manufacturer of shortbread, biscuits, cookies and crackers
- ^ Hyslop, Leah (October 9, 2013). "Potted histories: shortbread". The Telegraph. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
- ^ "Best Of Baltimore: Best Cookie". Baltimore City Paper. September 13, 2000. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- ^ Millionaires' shortbread
- ^ Milling and Baking News. Sosland Pub. 1988. p. 70.
- ^ Lotus Bakeries product website (in Dutch) Archived 2013-12-02 at the Wayback Machine.
- ^ advertentie, Java-bode 27 April 1872
- ^ Smith, A. (2013). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America. OUP USA. p. 520. ISBN 978-0-19-973496-2.
- ^ Clamp, Esther. "Reposteria (The Powdery Yummy Cookies) recipe - from the My Family's Best! A Collection of Recipes Family Cookbook". FamilyCookbookProject.com. Retrieved 2010-10-28.
- ^ "Kellogg's recalls Keebler, Famous Amos cookies for undeclared peanut residue". Fox News. June 14, 2016. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
- ^ Cruise, J. (2012). The Belly Fat Cure Sugar & Carb Counter. Hay House, Incorporated. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-4019-4081-2. Retrieved January 30, 2017.