This is a list of the 31 provincial-level divisions of the People's Republic of China grouped by its former administrative areas from 1949 to 1952, which are now known as traditional regions.


Nationalist Era regions

ROC Geo Regions Text.png
  Northeast China
  North China
  Central China
  Northern Frontier
  Western China
  South China

People's Republic of China

Regions of China Names Chinese Simp.svg
  North China
  Northeast China
  East China
  South Central China
  Southwest China
  Northwest China
Region Map Area Population
Provinces/Region Provincial/Regional Seat
North China
North China (Huáběi)
North China.svg 1,556,061 km² 164,823,226 105/km² Beijing Dongcheng District
Tianjin Heping District
Hebei Shijiazhuang
Shanxi Taiyuan
Inner Mongolia Hohhot
Northeast China
Northeast China (Dōngběi)
Northeast China.svg 793,300 km² 109,520,844 138/km² Liaoning Shenyang
Jilin Changchun
Heilongjiang Harbin
East China
East China (Huádōng)
East China.svg 795,837 km² 384,364,968 483/km² Shanghai Huangpu District
Jiangsu Nanjing
Zhejiang Hangzhou
Anhui Hefei
Fujian Fuzhou
Jiangxi Nanchang
Shandong Jinan
South Central China
South Central China (Zhōngnán)
South Central China.svg 1,014,354 km² 383,559,808 378/km² Henan Zhengzhou
Hubei Wuhan
Hunan Changsha
Guangdong Guangzhou
Guangxi Nanning
Hainan Haikou
 Hong Kong Central and Western District
 Macau Macau
Southwest China
Southwest China (Xīnán)
Southwest China.svg 2,365,900 km² 192,979,243 82/km² Chongqing Yuzhong District
Sichuan Chengdu
Guizhou Guiyang
Yunnan Kunming
Tibet Lhasa
Northwest China
Northwest China (Xīběi)
Northwest China.svg 3,107,701 km² 96,644,038 31/km² Shaanxi Xi'an
Gansu Lanzhou
Qinghai Xining
Ningxia Yinchuan
Xinjiang Ürümqi

Economic regions

Zhongguo jingji bankuai.svg
  East Coast
  Central China
  Northeast China
  Western China

Other kinds of statistics

Region Area Population
Provinces included & Notes
North China
(without Eastern Inner Mongolia)
1,082,492 km² 153,180,300 142/km² Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and Inner Mongolia (without Chifeng, Hinggan, Hulunbuir, and Tongliao)
Northeast China
(with Eastern Inner Mongolia)
1,266,869 km² 121,163,770 96/km² Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, and Eastern Inner Mongolia (Chifeng, Hinggan, Hulunbuir, and Tongliao)
East China 832,028 km² 407,527,091 499/km² The above-mentioned seven entities plus the claimed Taiwan Province.
Taiwan and its surrounding island groups are administered by the Republic of China but claimed by the People's Republic of China.
Central China 564,700 km² 216,945,029 384/km² Henan, Hubei, and Hunan
South China 449,654 km² 166,614,779 371/km² Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong, and Macau
Western China 3,978,700 km² 289,623,281 73/km² Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang

See also