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The Info List - List Of Private Spaceflight Companies


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This page is a list of non-governmental entities that currently offer – or are planning to offer – equipment and services geared towards spaceflight, both robotic and human.

List of abbreviations used in this article

LEO: Low Earth orbit GTO: Geostationary transfer orbit VTOL: Vertical take-off and landing SSTO: Single-stage-to-orbit TSTO: Two-stage-to-orbit SSTSO: Single-stage-to-sub-orbit

Contents

1 Commercial astronauts 2 Manufacturers of space vehicles

2.1 Crew and cargo transport vehicles 2.2 Space stations 2.3 Launch vehicles 2.4 Landers, rovers and probes 2.5 Research craft and tech demonstrators 2.6 Space mining 2.7 Space manufacturing

3 Space settlement 4 Propulsion manufacturers 5 Satellite
Satellite
launchers 6 Spaceliner companies 7 Spacecraft component developers and manufacturers 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Commercial astronauts[edit]

Association of Spaceflight
Spaceflight
Professionals — Astronaut
Astronaut
training, research and Development, payload Testing and integration, mission planning and operations support (Christopher Altman, Soyeon Yi)[citation needed]

Manufacturers of space vehicles[edit] Crew and cargo transport vehicles[edit] See also: Ansari X Prize
Ansari X Prize
§ Contestants, and List of manned spacecraft § Commercial Space stations[edit]

Private Company name Space Craft name Space Craft type Internal volume Passenger capacity Craft status Orbit Around Ref

Axiom Space Axiom International Commercial Space Station Rigid Module ? 7 Proposed (2016) Earth [1][2]

Bigelow Aerospace Genesis I
Genesis I
subscale test spacecraft Inflatable module 11.5 m3 (406 cu ft)[3] Unmanned Retired, on orbit[4] Earth [5]

Bigelow Aerospace Genesis II
Genesis II
subscale test spacecraft Inflatable module 11.5 m3 (406 cu ft)[6] Unmanned Retired, on orbit[4] Earth [7]

Bigelow Aerospace Galaxy Inflatable module 16.7 m3 (590 cu ft)[8] Unmanned Cancelled Earth [9]

Bigelow Aerospace Sundancer Inflatable module 180 m3 (6,357 cu ft) 3 Cancelled Earth [10]

Bigelow Aerospace BA 330 Inflatable module 330 m3 (11,654 cu ft) 6 Testing Earth [11][12][13]

Bigelow Aerospace BA 2100 Inflatable module 2,100 m3 (74,161 cu ft) 16 Proposed (2010) Earth [14]

Bigelow Aerospace Space Complex Alpha Inflatable space station 690 m3 (24,367 cu ft) 12 Development Earth

Excalibur Almaz Almaz
Almaz
derivative Rigid module ? 3 Cancelled Earth [15][16][17]

Galactic Suite
Galactic Suite
Ltd. Galactic Suite Rigid module ? 6 Proposed (2007) Earth [18]

Orion Span Aurora Space Station Rigid module 160 m3 (5,650 cu ft) 6 (2 Crew, 4 Tourists) Proposed (2018) Earth [19][20]

Launch vehicles[edit] Further information: List of orbital launch systems

Company name Launcher name Launcher type No. of stages Maximum reach Launcher status Maiden flight Ref

ARCA Haas 2b Suborbital Manned Rocket 1 Suborbital Development ? [21]

ARCA Haas 2CA Light Rocket 1 LEO Development 2018 (planned) [22]

ARCA Super Haas Medium Rocket 2 LEO Proposed 2019 (planned) [23]

Australian Space Research Institute AUSROC Nano Light Rocket 2 LEO Development ? [24]

Blue Origin New Glenn Heavy Rocket 2 or 3 GTO Development 2019 (planned) [25]

Canadian Arrow Canadian Arrow Suborbital Manned Rocket 2 Suborbital Cancelled — [26]

Datiotec Aeroespacial / INMEU A.C. JFCR.2000-Pollux Sounding Rocket 1 Suborbital Development ? [27]

Firefly Aerospace Firefly Alpha Light Rocket 2 LEO Development 2019 (Planned)

General Astronautics Urania Medium Rocket 3 LEO Cancelled — [28]

Gilmour Space Technologies Ariel Sounding Rocket 1 Suborbital Development 2019 (planned) [29]

Gilmour Space Technologies Eris Light Rocket 3 LEO Development 2020 (planned) [30]

Independence-X Aerospace DNLV (Dedicated Nano Launch Vehicle) Light Rocket 2 LEO Development 2023 (planned) [31][32]

Interorbital Systems NEPTUNE N series Light Rocket 3–4 LEO Development ? [33][34]

Interorbital Systems NEPTUNE N36 Light Rocket 4 TLI Proposed ? [33][35]

Interorbital Systems Neptune TSAAHTO Medium Rocket 2½ TLI Proposed ? [33]

Interstellar Technologies Momo Sounding Rocket 1 Suborbital Operational (0/1) 2017 [36][37]

Leaf Space Primo Light Rocket 2 LEO Proposed ? [38]

Lin Industrial Taymyr Light Rocket 3 LEO Development 2020 (planned) [39][40]

Lockheed Martin VentureStar Reusable Spaceplane 1 LEO Cancelled — [41]

Lockheed Martin Athena Medium Rocket 2 or 3 LEO Retired (5/7) 1995

Mishaal Aerospace M-SV Sounding Rocket 1 Suborbital Development ? [42][43][44]

Mishaal Aerospace M-OV Light Rocket 1 + 6 Boosters LEO Development ? [42][43][45]

Mishaal Aerospace M-LV Light Rocket 1 + 8 Boosters TLI Development ? [42][43][46]

Orbital ATK Antares Medium Rocket 3 LEO Operational (6/7) 2013 [47]

Orbital ATK Minotaur-C, formerly Taurus Light Rocket 4 LEO Operational (6/9) 1994 [48][49][50]

Orbital ATK Pegasus Air-launch-to-orbit 3-4 + airplane LEO Operational (38/43) 1990

Orbital ATK Next Generation Launcher Medium Rocket 3 + 0-6 boosters GEO Proposed 2021 (planned)

Orbital Transport & Raketen AG OTRAG Medium Rocket variable LEO Retired (15/18) 1977 [51]

PLD Space Arion 1 Sounding Rocket 1 Suborbital Development 2018 (planned) [52][53]

PLD Space Arion 2 Light Rocket 2 LEO Development 2020 (planned) [53]

Rocket Crafters Intrepid-1 Light Rocket 2 LEO Development 2018 (planned) [54][55]

Rocket Lab Ātea-1 Sounding Rocket 2 Suborbital Operational (1/1) 2009 [56][57]

Rocket Lab Electron Light Rocket 2 LEO Operational (1/2) 2017 [58]

Skyrora Skyrora-1 Sounding Rocket 1 Suborbital Development 2018 (planned) [59][60]

Skyrora Skyrora XL Light Rocket 3 LEO Development ? [61]

Space Services Inc. of America Percheron Sounding Rocket 1 Suborbital Cancelled — [62]

Space Services Inc. of America Conestoga 1620 Medium Rocket 4 LEO Retired (0/1) 1995 [62]

SpaceLS Prometheus-1 Light Rocket 2 LEO Development ? [63][64]

SpaceX Falcon 1 Light Rocket 2 LEO Retired (2/5) 2008 [65]

SpaceX Falcon 1e Light Rocket 2 LEO Cancelled — [65]

SpaceX Falcon 5 Medium Rocket 2 GTO Cancelled — [66]

SpaceX Falcon 9
Falcon 9
v1.0 Medium Rocket 2 GTO Retired (5/5) 2010 [67]

SpaceX Falcon 9
Falcon 9
v1.1 Medium Rocket 2 GTO Retired (14/15) 2013 [67]

SpaceX Falcon 9
Falcon 9
Full Thrust Medium Rocket (first stage reusable) / Heavy Rocket (expendable configuration) 2 TMI[68] Operational (32/32) 2015 [67]

SpaceX Falcon 9
Falcon 9
Block 5 Medium Rocket (first stage reusable) / Heavy Rocket (expendable configuration) 2 TMI[68] Testing 2018 (planned) [69][70]

SpaceX Falcon Heavy Heavy Rocket (first stage core and side boosters reusable) / Super Heavy Rocket (expendable configuration) 2 + 2 boosters Deep space (Pluto)[71] Operational (1/1) 2018 [67][72]

SpaceX ITS Launch Vehicle Super heavy rocket 2 Deep space[73] Cancelled — [74]

SpaceX BFR Super Heavy Rocket 2 TMI Development 2022 (planned) [75]

Stealth Space Astra Light Rocket ? LEO Development ? [76]

United Launch Alliance Atlas V Medium Rocket 2 + 0-5 boosters GTO Operational (70/71) 2002 [77]

United Launch Alliance Delta II
Delta II
6000 Medium Rocket 2-3 + 9 boosters GTO Retired (17/17) 1989 [78]

United Launch Alliance Delta II
Delta II
7000 Light Rocket 2-3 + 3, 4 or 9 boosters GTO Operational (128/130) 1990 [78]

United Launch Alliance Delta II
Delta II
7000H Medium Rocket 2-3 + 9 boosters HCO Retired (6/6) 2003 [78]

United Launch Alliance Delta IV Medium Rocket 2 + 0, 2 or 4 boosters GTO Operational (34/35) 2003 [79]

United Launch Alliance Delta IV
Delta IV
Heavy Heavy Rocket 2 + 2 boosters GTO Operational (8/9) 2004 [80]

United Launch Alliance Vulcan Heavy Rocket 2 + 0-6 boosters GTO Development 2019 (planned) [81]

Vector Space Systems Vector-R Light Rocket 2 LEO Development 2018 (planned)

Vector Space Systems Vector-RE1 Light Rocket 2 or 3 LEO Development ?

Vector Space Systems Vector-H Light Rocket 2 LEO Development 2019 (planned)

Vector Space Systems Vector-HE1 Light Rocket 2 or 3 LEO Development ?

Ventions SALVO Light Rocket 2 LEO Cancelled — [82][83][84]

Virgin Galactic LauncherOne Air-launch-to-orbit 2 + airplane LEO Testing 2018 (planned) [85]

Zero2infinity Bloostar Rockoon
Rockoon
system (high-altitude balloon and in-space rocket launcher) 3 + high-altitude balloon LEO Development 2018 (planned) [86]

Landers, rovers and probes[edit] See also: Google Lunar X Prize
Google Lunar X Prize
§ Competitors

Company name Craft name Craft type Craft status Ref

ARCASPACE ELE (European Lunar Explorer) lunar orbiter Cancelled [87]

Armadillo Aerospace unnamed craft rocket module Cancelled [88]

Astrobotic Technology Red Rover rover Development [89]

Astrobotic Technology Griffin (previously Artemis Lander) lunar lander Negotiating [90]

Astrobotic Technology Peregrine Lander lunar lander Development [91]

Euroluna ROMIT rover Cancelled [92]

Golden Spike Company unnamed Manned lunar lander proposed [93]

Hakuto Moon
Moon
Raker rover Development [94]

Hakuto Tetris rover Development [95]

Independence-X Aerospace SQUALL (Scientific Quest Unmanned Autonomous Lunar Lander) lander / hover probe Cancelled [96]

Interorbital Systems RIPPER (Robotic InterPlanetary Prospector Excavator Retriever) lander Development [97]

Lunar Mission One unnamed lunar lander + deep drill Development [98]

Mars
Mars
One unnamed lander Development [99]

Masten Space Systems XEUS lunar lander Negotiating [90]

Masten Space Systems XL-1 lunar lander Development [100]

Moon
Moon
Express MX-1 lunar lander Testing [90][101]

Odyssey Moon MoonOne (M-1) rover Cancelled [102]

Omega Envoy Sagan rover Cancelled [103]

Part Time Scientists Audi Lunar quattro rover Development

Puli Space Technologies Puli rover Fundraising [104]

Team FREDNET Picorover rover Cancelled [105]

Team Italia AMALIA (Ascensio Machinae Ad Lunam Italica Arte) rover Cancelled [106]

Team Indus HHK-1 (Lunar Lander) + ECA (Rover) Lunar Lander + Rover + commercial and educational payloads Development

TransOrbital TrailBlazer lunar orbiter Cancelled [107]

Team Plan B Plan B rover Cancelled

Space IL Sparrow nano-ship Development

STELLAR Stellar Eagle rover Cancelled [108]

Synergy Moon Tesla rover Development [109]

Research craft and tech demonstrators[edit] Further information: List of sounding rockets

Company name Craft name Craft purpose Craft status Ref

ARCA Demonstrator 2b demonstrate reusable monopropellant engine Retired

Armadillo Aerospace Quad demonstrate VTOL Retired

ASRI AUSROC I systems Testing Retired

ASRI AUSROC II payload to 10km Retired

ASRI AUSROC 2.5 systems Testing Testing

ASRI AUSROC III payload of 150kg to 500km Development

Blue Origin Goddard demonstrate VTOL Retired

Interorbital Systems Neutrino systems Testing Operational

Interorbital Systems Tachyon systems Testing Operational [110]

Lockheed Martin X-33 demonstrate SSTO Cancelled

Masten Space Systems XA-0.1 demonstrate VTOL Retired

Masten Space Systems XA-0.1B Lunar Lander Challenge
Lunar Lander Challenge
Level 1 Operational

Masten Space Systems XA-0.1E Lunar Lander Challenge
Lunar Lander Challenge
Level 2, commercial precursor flights Retired (12 flights)

Masten Space Systems XA-0.1E2 commercial flights Destroyed (115 flights)

Masten Space Systems XA-0.1E4 commercial flights Retired (75 flights)

Masten Space Systems XA-0.1E5 commercial flights Operational

Masten Space Systems XL-1T terrestrial test bed for the XL-1 lunar lander Development

Masten Space Systems Xeus commercial flights Development

McDonnell Douglas DC-X demonstrate VTOL Retired (11 test flights)

Rotary Rocket Roton ATV demonstrate VTOL Retired (3 test flights)

Space Services Inc. Conestoga I systems Testing Retired (1 test) [62]

SpaceX Grasshopper demonstrate VTOL Retired (8 tests) [111]

SpaceX F9R Dev1 refine VTOL (low altitude) Destroyed (5 flights) [112]

SpaceX F9R Dev2 refine VTOL (high altitude) Cancelled [113]

Swedish Space Corp. Maxus payload to 700km Operational

Swedish Space Corp. Maser payload to 300km Operational

UP Aerospace SpaceLoft XL payload to 140km Operational [114]

World View Enterprises Tycho Platform payload up to 46km and 300kg Operational [115]

zero2infinity nanobloon 1.0 payload to 32km Operational [116]

zero2infinity nanobloon 2.0 payload to 33km Operational

zero2infinity microbloon 1.0 payload to 24km Operational

zero2infinity microbloon 2.0 payload to 31km Operational

zero2infinity microbloon 3.0 payload to 27km Operational

Space mining[edit]

Company name Body to be mined Mining craft Mining status Ref

Deep Space Industries Near-Earth asteroids Prospector-1, Harvestor 1 Development [117][118]

Moon
Moon
Express Moon MX-1, MX-2, MX-5, MX-9 Development [119]

Planetary Resources Near-Earth asteroids Arkyd Series 100, 200, 300 Development [120]

Shackleton Energy Company Moon Unknown Fundraising [121]

Space manufacturing[edit]

Company name Products Manufacturing craft status Ref

Shackleton Energy Company propellant, space infrastructure, Propellant depot Unknown Fundraising [122]

Deep Space Industries propellant, communications platforms, space solar power satellites MicroGravity Foundry Development [123]

Space settlement[edit]

Company name Colony location Status Ref

SpaceX Mars Development[124] [125][126]

Mars
Mars
One Mars Fundraising and assessing astronaut applications[when?] [127]

Propulsion manufacturers[edit]

Company name Engine Engine type Applications Status Ref

Accion Systems Inc. MAX-1, TILE electrospray ion small satellite/CubeSat Development [128][129]

Ad Astra Rocket Company VASIMR plasma propulsion space tug/orbital transfer vehicle Development [130]

ARCA Executor LOX/RP-1 IAR 111, Haas 2, Haas 2b, Super Haas Development

Blue Origin BE-3 LH2/LOX New Shepard Operational

Blue Origin BE-4 LOX/CH 4 Vulcan, New Glenn Development

CU Aerospace PUC microcavity discharge small satellite/CubeSat Development [131][132]

CU Aerospace CHIPS resistojet small satellite/CubeSat Development [133][134]

CU Aerospace PPT-11 pulsed plasma small satellite/CubeSat Development [135][136]

Reaction Engines Ltd. SABRE hybrid air-breathing/chemical Skylon Development [137]

SpaceDev RocketMotorOne hybrid SpaceShipOne Retired [138]

SpaceX Kestrel LOX/RP-1 Falcon 1
Falcon 1
second stage Retired

SpaceX Merlin LOX/RP-1 Falcon 1, Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy
Falcon Heavy
first stage/boosters Operational [139][140][71]

SpaceX Merlin Vacuum LOX/RP-1 Falcon 9
Falcon 9
second stage, Falcon Heavy
Falcon Heavy
second stage Operational [140][71]

SpaceX Raptor LOX/CH 4 SpaceX
SpaceX
Mars
Mars
transportation infrastructure Development [141]

TGV Rockets RT30 LOX/JP-8 Michelle B Development [142][143]

Virgin Galactic RocketMotorTwo hybrid SpaceShipTwo Development

Satellite
Satellite
launchers[edit]

Company Launch vehicles Private Refs

Arianespace Ariane, Vega Partial; minority owned by some EU states

Eurockot Launch Services Rockot No; 49% owned by Russia, and 51% by Kazakhstan

Rocket Lab Electron Yes; own launchers

International Launch Services Proton No; 51%+ owned by Russia

ISC Kosmotras Dnepr No; Owned by Russia, Ukraine
Ukraine
and Kazakhstan.

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries H-IIA, H-IIB Yes; own launchers, R&D done by JAXA. [144]

Orbital ATK Antares, Minotaur Partial; own launchers, funded by NASA

SpaceX Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy Yes; own launchers

Sea Launch Zenit No; Bankrupt. Owned by Russia.

Starsem Soyuz No; 25% Owned by Russia, 25% Samara, 35% EADS SPACE Transportation, 15% EU

United Launch Alliance Atlas, Delta Yes; 50% owned by Lockheed Martin, 50% Boeing

Spaceliner companies[edit]

Company name Contracts for Craft utilised Status Notes Refs

Benson Space Company SpaceDev Dream Chaser Defunct

[145]

MirCorp none Soyuz TM, Progress M1 and Mir Defunct Mir
Mir
deorbited

Space Adventures none Soyuz and the ISS Active 7 tourists sent

RocketShip Tours XCOR Lynx rocketplane Defunct

Virgin Galactic Scaled Composites Spaceship Two, White Knight 2 Development 7 Spaceship Two glide flights successfully completed

Spacecraft component developers and manufacturers[edit]

Company Production Notes Refs

Altius Space Machines

Andrews Space

Axelspace

[146][147]

EADS Astrium Satellites

EADS Astrium Space Transportation

Made in Space

[148]

NanoRacks

[149]

SpaceDev

SpaceQuest, Ltd.

See also[edit]

List of government space agencies List of spacecraft manufacturers including the "traditional space" companies NewSpace Private spaceflight Robert Truax Space industry Tourism on the Moon

References[edit]

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