This article lists political parties in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan has a multi-party system in development with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. No political party is permitted to exist that advocates anything that is deemed to go against Islamic morality.
The current law governing the formation of political parties was promulgated in 2009, and requires parties to have at least 10,000 members, (previously they had only needed 700 members). The Afghan Ministry of Justice has registered 84 parties since the new law took effect.
|English name||Original name||Ideology||Notes|
|Afghanistan United Nation Party||Afghanistan Motahid Millat Gowand ( افغانستان متحد ملت ګوند )||Socialism
|National United Party of Afghanistan||National United Party of Afghanistan||Socialism
|Solidarity Party of Afghanistan||Solidarity party of Afghanistan||Socialism
|Hizb ut-Tahrir||Hizb ut-Tahrir||Islamism|
|Afghan Peace Movement||Afghan Peace Movement||Socialism
|Islamic Party||Hezb-e Islami||Islamism||Founded and led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar|
|Republican Party of Afghanistan||Hezbi Jumhori Afghanistan||Republicanism|
|Islamic Society||Jamiat-e Islami||Islamism|
|Islamic Movement of Afghanistan||Harakat-e Islami-yi||Islamism|
|Afghan Social Democratic Party||Afghan Mellat||Social democracy|
|Islamic United Party of Afghanistan||Hezb-e Wahdat-e Islami Afghanistan||Islamism|
|Islamic Dawah Organisation of Afghanistan||Ittehad-I Islami Bara-yi Azadi Afghanistan||Islamism|
|National Islamic Movement of Afghanistan||Junbish-i-Milli Islami Afghanistan||Secularism|
|National Rescue Front||hezb jabha nijat mili||Islamism|
|Afghan Liberal Party||Hezbe Azadikhwa Afghanistan||Secularism|
|Wadan Afghanistan Party||Wadan Afghanistan Gwand||Afghanism, Democracy|
Since the coup in 1973, Afghanistan has had many different political parties. These include Mohammed Daoud Khan's National Revolutionary Party of Afghanistan, the People's Democratic Party and the Democratic Watan Party of Afghanistan from the communist era, and the Northern Alliance that took power after the Fall of Kabul in April 1992, and ran the country until the Taliban's coup in 1996.
|Afghanistan Liberation Organization||Communism, Maoism||Underground maoist group founded in 1973 by Faiz Ahmad.|
|Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan||Communism, Maoism||Small, underground Maoist party, founded in 2004. Aims to wage a people's war against the American occupation, and turn Afghanistan into a socialist state.|
|Democratic Watan Party of Afghanistan||Marxism, Islamic socialism, secularism||Formed by president Najibullah in 1990 in order to get more supporters for his socialist government. Ceased to exist as a formal party after the fall of Najibullah's government in 1992. Most members have fled the country or left the party, and many members were executed by the Taliban regime. Still claims to exist, but is not formally recognized as a party.|
|National Revolutionary Party of Afghanistan||Republicanism, Secularism||Party founded by first president Mohammad Daoud Khan. Only legal party under his rule. Ceased to exist after a bloody military coup by the communists in 1978.|
|People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan||Communism, secularism, progressivism||Communist party founded in 1965. Gained power in a 1978 coup, and was the dominant party of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan from 1978 to 1990. Replaced by the Democratic Watan Party in 1990.|
|Shalleh-ye Javiyd||Communism, Maoism||Banned in 1969 for opposing the Shah regime.|
|Taliban||Islamism, Islamic fundamentalism, Pashtun nationalism||Armed group, founded in 1994. Ruled most of the country from 1996 to 2001. Ousted and banned by the US invasion in 2001. Has been at war with the US-backed government in Afghanistan and US-led Coalition forces since.|