This is a list of pies, tarts and flans. A pie is a baked dish which is usually made of a pastry dough casing that covers or completely contains a filling of various sweet or savory ingredients. A tart is a baked dish consisting of a filling over a pastry base with an open top not covered with pastry. The pastry is usually shortcrust pastry; the filling may be sweet or savory, though modern tarts are usually fruit-based, sometimes with custard. Flan, in Britain, is an open pastry or sponge case containing a sweet or savory filling. A typical flan of this sort is round, with shortcrust pastry.

Pies, tarts and flans

Name Image Origin Type Description
Aloo pie Aloo Pie.jpg Trinidad and Tobago savory This soft and fried pastry is a variant of the samosa, made from flour and water, and filled with boiled, spiced and mashed potatoes and other vegetables like green peas. Its shape is similar to a calzone, and it is usually larger than a samosa, approximately 5 inches (13 cm) long.[1]
Apple crisp
Apple crumble
Applecrisp.jpg United States sweet A dessert consisting of baked apples topped with a crispy crust. Many different kinds of fruit can substituted for apples, and one of the most common variants is 'apple rhubarb crisp' including rhubarb. It is an easy to make and tasty alternative to apple pie and apple cobbler.
Apple pie Apple pie.jpg Netherlands, Germany sweet A fruit pie (or tart) in which the principal filling ingredient is crisp and acidic cooking apples such as the Bramley or Granny Smith
Australian and New Zealand meat pie Meat pie.jpg Australia and New Zealand[2] savory A hand-sized meat pie containing largely minced meat and gravy sometimes with onion and often consumed as a takeaway food snack. The pie itself is congruent with the United Kingdom's steak pie.
Bacon and egg pie Bacon&egg pie.jpg Various savory A pie containing bacon, egg and often onion
Bakewell tart BakewellCake.jpg Great Britain sweet A tart with a shortcrust pastry shell, spread with jam and filled with a sponge-like, ground almond filling.[3] Often covered with nuts, such as almonds and peanuts, a top layer of almond flavored icing, and a half glacé cherry.
Banana cream pie Banana cream pie with slice removed, July 2008.jpg United States sweet A cream pie made with a rich custard made from milk, cream, flour, and eggs and combined with sliced bananas in a pastry or graham crumb crust. It is often made with a whipped cream topping.
Banoffee pie Banoffeepie.jpg Great Britain sweet An English pastry-based dessert made from bananas,[4] toffee[4] and cream, either on a pastry base or graham crumb crust.
Bean pie Bean pie recipe.jpg United States sweet A sweet custard pie with a filling of mashed beans, sugar, butter, milk, and spices, including vanilla, cinnamon, and nutmeg.
Bedfordshire clanger Bedfordshire Clanger.jpg Bedfordshire, England, UK savory and sweet An elongated, suet crust pie with a savory filling at one end (meat, potatoes and vegetables) and a sweet filling (jam or fruit) at the other.
pastilla, etc.
Bisteeya.jpg Morocco savory A traditional Berber meat pie traditionally made of squab (fledgling pigeons) in crisp layers of warka dough, with a crunchy layer of toasted and ground almonds, cinnamon, and sugar. Many variant transliterations: bastilla, bsteeya, b'stilla, bstilla, ...
Blackberry pie Blackberry pie and ice cream, 2006.jpg United States, Germany sweet A fruit pie with a filling made from blackberries.
Black bottom pie Black Bottom Pie.jpg United States sweet A layer of chocolate pastry cream or pudding, the "black bottom," topped with whipped cream or meringue in a crust of variable composition.
Black bun Black bun cut open.jpg Scotland sweet A pastry-covered fruitcake, traditionally eaten on Twelfth Night.
Blueberry pie Best Blueberry Pie with Foolproof Pie Dough.jpg New England, United States, Germany sweet A fruit pie (or tart) in which the principal filling ingredient is blueberries.
Bob Andy pie United States (Amish community) sweet A sweet custard pie, spiced with cinnamon and cloves.
Bougatsa Bougatsa.jpg Greece sweet or savory Consists of custard, cheese, or minced meat filling between layers of phyllo.
Boysenberry Boysenberry pie 01.jpg Northeastern United States sweet Made with boysenberries, often simmered into a softer sweeter "preserve"-type gel, most frequently with a second covering crust, either lattice or with only a few cutouts.
Bridie Forfar, Scotland savory A small, savory pie filled with minced steak, butter, and beef suet seasoned with salt and pepper. Sometimes with an addition of minced onions.
Buko pie Buko-pie.jpg Philippines sweet A sweet pie originating from the Philippines. It was only available to the island country, until a method of freezing was used. It is a very popular pie, consisting of young coconuts.
Bumbleberry pie Slice of Bumbleberry Pie.jpg Canada, has become popular in the Midwestern United States sweet This is a sweet fruit pie in which the filling consists of blackberries, blueberries, raspberries and strawberries.[5] Other varieties also include other berries or the addition of grapes. The color of the filling is a deep purple, and it is baked in a typical pie shell pâte sucrée.
Bundevara Bundevara.jpeg Serbia sweet An elongated, strudel-like pie filled with sweetened pumpkin.
Bündner Nusstorte Engadiner Nusstorte2.jpg Graubünden, Switzerland sweet A traditional sweet, caramelised nut-filled pastry (generally walnut).
Burek Bourekas.jpg Mediterranean Sea, the Slavic cuisines, throughout the Balkans and the former Ottoman Empire. savory Phyllo filled with cheese, meat, potatoes and other vegetables.
Butter pie Lancashire, England, UK savory Made with sliced potatoes, onion, butter, salt and pepper in a light pastry casing.
Butter tart Pecan butter tart, May 2011.jpg Canada sweet Butter, sugar and eggs in a pastry shell, with raisins, pecans or walnuts often added.
Buttermilk pie Buttermilk Pie with Pecan Brittle at Dyron's Lowcountry.jpg Southern United States sweet A traditional custard-like pie in a pastry crust with a filling made of a mixture of sugar, butter, eggs, buttermilk and flour.
Canelé Caneles stemilion.jpg France sweet A small French pastry with a soft and tender custard center and a dark, thick caramelized crust.
Cantaloupe pie Southern United States sweet A custard pie of cantaloupe, butter, eggs, and nutmeg, with meringue topping.
Caramel tart Caramel tart at The Coffee Roaster, 2007.jpg Australia sweet A sweet tart, filled with soft piped caramel. Sometimes topped with whipped cream or drizzled with chocolate.
Cashew pie sweet Prepared using cashews as a main ingredient
Cheesecake Käsekuchen.JPG United States, Germany sweet Cream cheese and pastry; may come in a variety of flavors.
Cheese pie Strawberry Cheese Pie.jpg United States, Germany sweet A pie with a filling similar to cheesecake with a graham wafer crust and often topped with fruit.
Cherry pie Twin Peak's Cherry Pie and Coffee, May 2009.jpg United States, Germany sweet A pie baked with a cherry filling. Usually made with tart rather than sweet cherries so as to control the sweetness of the pie.
Chess pie Chess pie.jpg Great Britain sweet A custard pie with a filling composed of eggs, butter, granulated sugar, brown sugar, vanilla and corn meal.
Chestnut pie savory or sweet Prepared using chestnuts as a primary ingredient
Chicken and mushroom pie Chicken Pie.JPG Great Britain savory A pie made with a pastry crust with a filling of small pieces of chicken and sliced mushrooms in a creamy sauce.
Chiffon pie United States sweet A pie with a filling made by folding meringue and/or whipped cream into a mixture resembling a fruit curd (most commonly lemon) in a crust of variable composition. Can also be made with canned pumpkin in place of the fruit.
Chinese pie
Pâté chinois
Pâté chinois.jpg Quebec, Canada savory A layered French Canadian dish similar to English cottage pie. It is made with ground beef and sautéed onions on the bottom layer, canned corn (whole-kernel or creamed) for the middle layer, and mashed potatoes on top.
Coconut cream pie Coconut cream pie.jpg United States sweet A cream pie made with a rich custard made from milk, cream, flour, eggs, and shredded coconut in a pastry or graham crumb crust, usually topped with whipped cream and toasted coconut
Cookie Cake Pie United States sweet A combination of cookie dough and cake batter baked together in a pie crust.
Corned beef pie Corned beef pie.jpg Great Britain savory A pie with a filling of corned beef, onion and other vegetables such as corn, peas or carrot. The pie can be made with a mashed potato topping, as in cottage pie, or with a traditional pastry crust.
Cottage pie
Shepherd's pie
Shepherdspie2.JPG Great Britain, Canada savory A meat pie with a crust of mashed potato
Coulibiac Russian Coulibiac with Cabbage.jpg Russia savory A baked pie with a filling made with salmon or sturgeon,[6] rice, hard-boiled eggs, mushrooms, and dill.
Cumberland pie Great Britain savory A meat pie topped with a crust of bread crumbs
Curry pie ChickenpotpiesopenFeb09.jpg Great Britain savory A pie with a pastry crust filled with Indian or Chinese curry
Curry puff Bite of Curry Puff.jpg Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand savory A small pie consisting of curry with chicken and potatoes in a deep-fried or baked pastry shell, similar to an empanada
Custard tart Egg custard tart.jpg France, Great Britain sweet A baked pastry consisting of an pastry crust filled with egg custard.
Derby pie Kentucky Chocolate walnut pie slice.JPG Kentucky, United States sweet A chocolate and walnut pie with a pastry dough crust; commonly made with pecans, chocolate chips and Kentucky bourbon
Egg tart Egg custard tart by Stu Spivack.jpg Hong Kong[7] sweet A baked pastry consisting of egg custard in a cookie crust or puff crust
Empanada Empanada - Stu Spivack.jpg Popular throughout: Spain, Portugal, Latin America, Central America, The Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Caribbean sweet or savory A stuffed pastry, baked or fried and stuffed with a variety of fillings, including meat, cheese, vegetables or fruit
Fish pie
Fisherman's Pie
Fish Pie.jpg Great Britain savory A dish made with white fish in a béchamel sauce with a mashed potato topping, similar to cottage pie.
Flan Savory French Flan.jpg sweet or savory An open pastry or sponge cake containing a sweet or savory filling
Flapper pie Blackfoot Truckstop Diner - Flapper Pie (16050866996).jpg Western Canada sweet A custard pie with a graham wafer crust, topped with meringue.
Fleischkuekle Russia, Germany, North Dakota, United States savory A fried meat pie made with flat bread.
Flipper pie Eastern Canada savory A meat pie made from young harp seal flippers.
Fried pie Fried apple pies from the John C. Campbell Folk School, Brasstown, NC.jpg United States sweet A small, fried pastry crust pie containing a fruit filling
Gibanica Gibanica.jpg The Balkans savory A traditional Balkan pastry, usually made with white cheese (feta, sirene)
Green grape pie Southern United States sweet Traditionally made with wild green grapes before seeds have formed in the spring, such as early May.
Homity pie Homity pie.jpg Great Britain savory A traditional British, open vegetable pie. The pastry crust contains a filling of potatoes and an onion and leek mixture, which is then covered with cheese.
Hornazo Hornazo-Mad.jpg Spain savory A Spanish meat pie made with flour and yeast and stuffed with pork loin, spicy chorizo sausage and hard-boiled eggs.
Jamaican patty Jamaican patties and redstripe.jpg Jamaica, Caribbean savory A small, baked pastry usually filled with seasoned ground beef.
Kalakukko Kalakukko.jpg Finland Savory A loaf of bread filled with fish.
Karelian pasties Karjalanpiirakka-20060227.jpg Finland Savory Pasties made from a thin rye crust usually with a filling of rice, but originally the filling used to be mashed potatoes or barley.
Key lime pie Key limepie.jpg United States Sweet Key lime juice, egg yolks, and sweetened condensed milk in a pie crust
Khachapuri Adjaruli Khachapuri.jpg Georgia Savory Cheese-filled bread dish
Killie pie Killie Pies and Peas.jpg Kilmarnock, Scotland Savory A steak pie served at Kilmarnock F.C. football ground
Knish Lower East Side - Schimmel Knish 2.jpg Eastern Europe savory Baked or fried dumpling made of flaky dough with filling of mashed potatoes, ground meat, sauerkraut, onions, kasha or cheese
Kuchen Streuselkuchen7.jpg Germany sweet Generic term referring to "cake" in German
Kurnik Kurnik.jpg Russia savory A dome-shaped savoury Russian pirog, usually filled with chicken or turkey, eggs, onions, kasha or rice, and other optional components.
Lanttusupikas Finland savory A double folded buttered flaky crust pie, filled with thin, braised swede slices and pork loin.[8]
Lemon ice box pie Raspberry lemon ice box pie.jpg United States sweet Lemon juice, eggs, and condensed milk in a pie crust,[9] with preparation very similar to that of key lime pie.
Lemon meringue pie NCI Visuals Food Pie.jpg United States sweet Shortcrust or shortbread pastry with lemon curd filling and a fluffy meringue topping
Manchester tart Manchester tart.jpg United Kingdom sweet A baked tart consisting of a shortcrust pastry shell, spread with raspberry jam, covered with a custard filling and topped with flakes of coconut and a Maraschino cherry
Meat and potato pie Grandma Pollards meat and potato pies (5815022642).jpg Yorkshire, Lancashire, and Cumbria regions in the United Kingdom savory Potato, either lamb or beef, and sometimes carrot and/or onion baked in a pastry shell.
Meat pie Homemade meat pie.jpg Popular in Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and South Africa savory A preparation common especially to the UK and Commonwealth countries. Originally a way to stretch ingredients when quantities were not enough for a single meal. Usually made with a hot water crust.
Melton Mowbray pork pie Pork pie.jpg United Kingdom savory A hand-formed crust pork pie made with uncured chopped, rather than minced, meat
Mince pie MincePieAlc1.jpg United Kingdom sweet A small British sweet pie traditionally served during the Christmas season; a sweet pastry case filled with currants, suet and spices. Centuries ago they contained meat, suet and spices.
Mississippi mud pie Mud pie.JPG United States sweet Dessert pie consisting of a gooey chocolate filling on top of a crumbly chocolate crust; usually served with ice cream
Moravian chicken pie Moravian Chicken Pie.jpg Piedmont region of North Carolina, United States savory A traditional double crusted pie made with a flaky pastry filled with only chunks of chicken and a thick chicken broth-based sauce. Unlike chicken "pot pies", no vegetables are included in the filling. Served with hot chicken gravy on the side.
Mustard tart France savory A pie made of puff pastry, Dijon mustard, Emmentaler or Gruyère cheese, sliced tomatoes and sprinkled with spices (herbes de Provence, salt and pepper).
Natchitoches meat pie Natchitoches-meatpies-and-beans-rice.jpg Northern Louisiana, United States savory Crescent-shaped, flaky wheat pastry turnover with a savory meat filling
Echpochmak-wiki.jpg Russia savory A triangular pastry, filled with minced beef, onion and potatoes. Considered a Tartar national dish.
Pastafrola Pastafrola.jpg Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Greece sweet A jam-filled tart with shortcrust pastry lattice. Fillings may include quince cheese, dulce de batata (sweet potato jam), dulce de leche, guava, or strawberry jam.[10]
Pasty Cornish pasty.jpg Cornwall, United Kingdom, Canada savory A traditional lunch food for Cornish miners. The rolled part of the crust was used as a handle and left uneaten where it was soiled with arsenic-laden ore from the miner's hand.
Peach pie Peach custard pie (1416028394).jpg United States sweet Prepared with peaches as the primary ingredient, with added spices such as nutmeg, ginger or cinnamon. May be strictly a fruit pie, or a custard based pie. Because peaches are a high moisture fruit and produce copious amounts of juice as they cook, peach pies often have a lattice top to allow steam to vent and prevent excessive liquid build-up during baking, which could result in a runny pie.
Peanut pie Peanut pie close-up.jpg sweet Prepared with peanuts or peanut butter as a primary ingredient
Pear tart Tarte aux poires 2a.jpg France sweet Typically Parisian, called tarte bourdaloue
Pecan pie Pecan pie slice.jpg United States sweet A pie made primarily of corn syrup or molasses and pecan nuts in a pie shell.
Pie a la mode Pie A La Mode.JPG United States sweet Pie with ice cream on top
Pirog Fish pie.JPG Russia, Ukraine savory or sweet Generic term for pies and pasties in Eastern-Slavic cuisines. The filling for pirog may be sweet and contain quark or cottage cheese, fruits like apples, plums or various berries, as well as honey, nuts or poppy seeds. Savory versions may consist of meat, fish, mushrooms, cabbage, rice, buckwheat groats or potato.
pirozhok, piroshki
Piroshki.JPG Russia, Ukraine savory or sweet Generic word for individual-sized baked or fried buns (small pirogs) stuffed with a variety of fillings.
Pork pie Pork pie on plate.jpg Britain savory A traditional British meat pie consisting of roughly chopped pork and pork jelly sealed in a hot water crust pastry.
Pot pie Salad and pot pie.jpg United States savory A savory pie made from pastry crust, usually served in individual containers. Normally made of a creamy sauce, turkey or chicken meat, carrots, peas, and pearl onions. This dish is sometimes served with rice.
Pumpkin pie Pumpkin Pie.jpg United States sweet Pumpkin-based custard flavored with nutmeg, cinnamon, cloves, and ginger, baked in a single pie shell. Sometimes the crust is a graham cracker crust or a pastry dough crust. Very common in the autumn and early winter holidays.
Quiche Quiche.jpg France savory Generic term; pastry base and sides, with various chopped fillings set in an egg/milk mix
Qumeshtore me pete Albania sweet
Raisin pie Raisin pie (329674312).jpg sweet A pie in which the main ingredient is raisins
Rappie pie Rappie pie.jpg Canada savory An Acadian dish, also known as râpure, consisting of grated potatoes, meat, onions, and soup stock
Raspberry pie Raspberry pie.jpg sweet Pie filled with raspberries
Razzleberry pie Razzleberry pie - 01.jpg United States, Germany sweet Pie filled with raspberries and blackberries
Rhubarb pie Rhubarb Pie.jpg United States, Germany sweet Pie filled with diced rhubarb
singara, samosa, samsa
Samosachutney.jpg Indian Subcontinent, Central Asia, Western Asia, Horn of Africa, North Africa, South Africa savory A fried or baked pastry with a savory filling such as spiced potatoes, onions, peas, lentils, ground lamb or chicken, often accompanied by chutney
Saskatoonberry pie Saskatoonberry pie.jpg Canada sweet Pie filled with saskatoonberries
Sausage roll Sausage roll.jpg Britain savory Pie filled with pork mince
Scotch pie Scotch pie.jpg Scotland savory A small, double-crust meat pie filled with minced mutton or other meat.
United Kingdom savory A layered meat pie made with meat or fish, and is known to have been served to British sailors during the 18th century.
Sfiha Sfiha2.jpg Lebanon savory Open-faced meat pie made with ground mutton.
Shaker lemon pie Shaker lemon pie.jpg United States sweet Thinly sliced lemons, sugar, and eggs in a crust, first made by the Shakers
Shepherd's Pie Shepherdspie2.JPG United Kingdom savory Roasted mutton or lamb cooked in pie dish lined with mashed potato, with a mashed potato crust on top.
Shoofly pie United States sweet A molasses pie common to Pennsylvania and the Delaware Valley.
Soparnik Whole-grain soparnik served on plate.jpg Croatia savory With a filling of chard, chives (or young onion leaves), parsley, olive oil and garlic
Southern tomato pie Southern United States savory A a savory dish consisting of a pie shell with a filling of tomatoes (sometimes with basil or other herbs), covered with a topping of grated cheese mixed with either mayonnaise or a white sauce.[11][12]
spinach pie
Spanokopita cropped.jpg Greece savory With a filling of chopped spinach, feta cheese, onions and eggs
Stargazy pie Baked stargazy pie.jpg United Kingdom savory A Cornish dish made of baked pilchards, along with eggs and potatoes, covered with a pastry crust; the fish heads (and sometimes tails) are baked protruding through the crust, thus appearing to be gazing skyward.
Steak and kidney pie Steak and kidney pie.jpg Britain savory Pie filled with a mixture of diced beef, diced kidney (often of ox, lamb, or pork), fried onion, and brown gravy.
Steak pie Steak and onion pie.jpg United Kingdom savory Meat pie made from stewing steak and beef gravy, enclosed in a pastry shell.
Strawberry pie Erdbeerkuchen Konditorrezept.jpg United States, Germany sweet Pie filled with strawberries
Strawberry rhubarb pie Filling of strawberry-rhubarb pie, April 2010.jpg United States, Germany sweet Pie filled with strawberries and rhubarb, usually with a lattice-style crust on top
St. Stephen's Day pie savory A dish similar to cottage pie but made using turkey and ham
Sugar pie MapleSugarPieAlc1.jpg sweet A single-crust pie with a filling made from flour, butter, salt, vanilla, and cream, with brown sugar or maple syrup
Sweet potato pie[13] SweetPotatoPie.jpg United States sweet A large tart in an open pie shell without a top crust, with a filling consisting of mashed sweet potatoes, milk, sugar and eggs, flavored with spices such as nutmeg
Tamale pie A whole tamale pie.jpg Southwestern United States savory A meat pie with a cornmeal crust and typical tamale fillings arranged in several layers. The meat is traditionally ground beef.
Tarta de Santiago Tarta de Santiago.jpg Spain sweet A cake or pie with a filling of ground almonds, eggs and sugar. The top of the pie is usually decorated with powdered sugar, masked by an imprint of the Cross of Saint James (cruz de Santiago) which gives the pastry its name.
Tarte conversation Conversation Tart.jpg France sweet A tart made with puff pastry that is filled with a frangipane cream and topped with royal icing
Greek Cheese pie
Tyropita.jpg Greece savory made with layers of buttered phyllo (alternatively, thick pastry or puff-pastry) and filled with a cheese-egg mixture
Tourtière Tourtiere Fin.jpg Canada, Northern New England, USA savory A meat pie[14] originating from Quebec, usually made with finely diced pork and/or veal, beef, fish, or wild game
Treacle tart Treacle Tart with clotted cream.jpg United Kingdom sweet A shortcrust pastry with a thick filling of golden syrup, breadcrumbs, and lemon juice
Vlaai Dutch laddervlaai.jpg Netherlands sweet A pie or tart consisting of a pastry and a filling of either fruit, a crumbled butter and sugar mix, or a cooked rice and custard porridge.
Walnut pie Kentucky Chocolate walnut pie slice.JPG sweet Prepared using walnuts as a main ingredient
Watalappam Watalappan (23091763250).jpg Sri Lanka sweet Coconut custard pudding made of coconut milk or condensed milk, jaggery, cashew nuts, eggs, and various spices, including cardamom, cloves, and nutmeg
Wähe[15] Apple Wähe Switzerland savory or sweet Flat cake prepared with short pastry and a topping of either fruits, vegetables or cheese.
Woolton pie[16] Woolton pie (4653443530).jpg United Kingdom savory Pie filled with vegetables such as potatoes or parsnips, cauliflower, swede, carrots, and turnips, topped with potato pastry and grated cheese, and served with vegetable gravy
Woopie pie Whoopie pie USA sweet Is a US baked product that may be considered either a cookie, pie or cake. It is made of two round mound-shaped pieces of chocolate cake, or sometimes pumpkin or gingerbread cake, with a sweet, creamy filling or frosting sandwiched between them.
Zelnik Balkans savory A pastry composed of thin layers of phyllo dough filled with combinations of sirene, eggs, spinach, sorrel, browned meat, leeks, rice, and brined cabbage


See also


  1. ^ Aloo Pie (Trinidad) Accessed February 6, 2008.
  2. ^ Phillips, Jock (13 July 2012). "Bicultural New Zealand". The New Zealanders. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage (New Zealand). Archived from the original on 2014-07-24. 
  3. ^ United States of Pie: Regional Favorites from East to West and North to South - Adrienne Kane - Google Books
  4. ^ a b banoffee - definition of banoffee by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia
  5. ^ Good Housekeeping Great American Classics Cookbook - Beth Allen - Google Books
  6. ^ The Cook's Canon: 101 Classic Recipes Everyone Should Know - Raymond Sokolov - Google Books
  7. ^ Jung, Susan. "Affair of the tart". SCMP. South China Morning Post. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "Suomalaisista piirakoista yleensä". kasvisruoka.com (in Finnish). Archived from the original on January 5, 2005. Retrieved December 2, 2017. 
  9. ^ Screen Doors and Sweet Tea: Recipes and Tales from a Southern Cook - Martha Hall Foose - Google Books
  10. ^ pastaflora (in Spanish). Diccionario de la lengua española (22.ª edición), Real Academia Española (2001).
  11. ^ Deen, Paula. "Tomato Pie Recipe". Food Network. Retrieved 24 November 2015. 
  12. ^ Crain, Eula (2011). Best of the Best, from Southern Coastal Ladies. PublishAmerica. ISBN 9781456085827. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  13. ^ Ebony - Google Books
  14. ^ Clark, Edie (2010), "Best Cook: Meat Pie French Canadian meat pies are a family legacy", Yankee Magazine 
  15. ^ "Früchtewähen / Gâteaux aux fruits / Torte di frutta".  In the data base of Culinary Heritage of Switzerland.
  16. ^ "Woolton pie creator dies", The Times, London, 17 August 1966, p.1.

External links