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The Info List - List Of Peaks By Prominence


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This is a list of mountain peaks ordered by their topographic prominence.

Contents

1 Terminology 2 Prominence table 3 Additional peaks 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Terminology[edit] The prominence of a peak is the minimum height of climb to the summit on any route from a higher peak, or from sea level if there is no higher peak. The lowest point on that route is the col. For full definitions and explanations of topographic prominence, key col, and parent, see topographic prominence. In particular, the different definitions of the parent of a peak are addressed at length in that article. Height on the other hand simply means elevation of the summit above sea level. Regarding parents, the prominence parent of peak A can be found by dividing the island or region in question into territories, by tracing the runoff from the key col (mountain pass) of every peak that is more prominent than peak A. The parent is the peak whose territory peak A resides in. The encirclement parent is found by tracing the contour below peak A's key col and picking the highest mountain in that region. This is easier to determine than the prominence parent; however, it tends to give non-intuitive results for peaks with very low cols such as Jabal Shams which is #110 in the list. Note that either sort of parent of a typical very high-prominence peak such as Denali
Denali
will lie far away from the peak itself, reflecting the independence of the peak. Most sources (and the table below) define no parent for island and landmass highpoints; others treat Mount Everest
Mount Everest
as the parent of every such peak with the ocean as the "key col". In the table below, where a single parent is listed, the different definitions agree; where two are given, the prominence parent is marked "1", and the encirclement parent "²". Prominence table[edit] The following sortable table lists the Earth's 125 most topographically prominent summits. Of these, China
China
has the most: 16. Close behind it are Indonesia, with 13, and the United States
United States
with 12. In the Parent column, HP stands for 'highest point on' (an isolated landmass).

The 125 most topographically prominent summits on Earth

No. Peak Range[1] Location Height (m) Prominence (m) Col
Col
(m) Parent

1. Mount Everest Himalayas    Nepal /  People's Republic of China 8,848 8,848 0 none — HP the world

2. Aconcagua Andes  Argentina 6,962 6,962 0 none — HP the Americas

3. Denali Alaska
Alaska
Range   United States
United States
(Alaska) 6,191 6,144 47 Aconcagua

4. Mount Kilimanjaro* Eastern Rift mountains  Tanzania 5,895 5,885 10 Everest

5. Pico Cristóbal Colón Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta  Colombia 5,700 5,509 191 Aconcagua

6. Mount Logan Saint Elias Mountains  Canada 5,959 5,250 709 Denali

7. Pico de Orizaba Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt  Mexico 5,636 4,922 714 Mount Logan

8. Vinson Massif Sentinel Range  Antarctica 4,892 4,892 0 none — HP Antarctica

9. Puncak Jaya Sudirman Range  Indonesia 4,884 4,884 0 none — HP New Guinea

10. Mount Elbrus Caucasus Mountains  Russia 5,642 4,741 901 Everest

11. Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
/ Monte Bianco Alps  France /  Italy 4,808 4,695 113 Everest

12. Mount Damavand Alborz  Iran 5,610 4,667 943 Mount Elbrus

13. Klyuchevskaya Sopka Isolated volcanic group, Kamchatka  Russia 4,750 4,649 101 Everest

14. Nanga Parbat Himalayas  Pakistan 8,125 4,608 3,517 Everest

15. Mauna Kea Hawaiian Islands   United States
United States
(Hawaii) 4,205 4,205 0 none — HP Hawaii
Hawaii
island

16. Jengish Chokusu Kakshaal Too  Kyrgyzstan /  People's Republic of China 7,439 4,148 3,291 Everest

17. Bogda Peak Bogda Shan  People's Republic of China 5,445 4,122 1,323 Everest

18. Chimborazo Cordillera Occidental  Ecuador 6,263 4,118 2,145 Aconcagua

19. Namcha Barwa Himalayas  People's Republic of China 7,782 4,106 3,676 Everest

20. Mount Kinabalu Crocker Range  Malaysia 4,095 4,095 0 none — HP Borneo

21. Mount Rainier Cascade Range  United States 4,393 4,023 370 Orizaba1 / Denali
Denali
²

22. K2 Karakoram  Pakistan /  People's Republic of China 8,611 4,017 4,594 Everest

23. Ras Dashen Semien Mountains  Ethiopia 4,550 3,997 553 Kilimanjaro

24. Volcán Tajumulco Sierra Madre de Chiapas  Guatemala 4,220 3,980 240 Orizaba1 / Denali
Denali
²

25. Pico Bolívar
Pico Bolívar
(La Columna) Sierra Nevada de Mérida  Venezuela 4,981 3,957 1,024 Chimborazo1 / Aconcagua
Aconcagua
²

26. Mount Fairweather Saint Elias Mountains   United States
United States
(Alaska) /  Canada 4,671 3,955 722 Mount Logan

27. Yushan (Jade Mountain) Yushan Range  Republic of China
China
(Taiwan) 3,952 3,952 0 none — HP Taiwan

28. Mount Stanley Rwenzori Mountains  Democratic Republic of the Congo /  Uganda 5,109 3,951 1,158 Kilimanjaro

29. Kangchenjunga Himalayas    Nepal /  India 8,586 3,922 4,664 Everest

30. Tirich Mir Hindu Kush  Pakistan 7,708 3,908 3,800 K21 / Everest²

31. Mount Cameroon Cameroon
Cameroon
line  Cameroon 4,040 3,901 139 Stanley1 / Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro
²

32. Mount Kenya Eastern Rift mountains  Kenya 5,199 3,825 1,374 Kilimanjaro

33. Mount Kerinci Barisan Mountains  Indonesia 3,805 3,805 0 none — HP Sumatra

34. Mount Erebus Ross Island  Antarctica 3,794 3,794 0 none — HP Ross Island

35. Mount Fuji Honshu  Japan 3,776 3,776 0 none — HP Honshū

36. Toubkal Atlas Mountains  Morocco 4,167 3,757 410 Stanley1 / Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro
²

37. Cerro Chirripó Cordillera de Talamanca  Costa Rica 3,820 3,727 93 Chimborazo1 / Aconcagua
Aconcagua
²

38. Mount Rinjani Lesser Sunda Islands  Indonesia 3,726 3,726 0 none — HP Lombok

39. Aoraki/Mount Cook Southern Alps  New Zealand 3,724 3,724 0 none — HP South Island

40. Teide Tenerife  Spain 3,718 3,718 0 none — HP Tenerife

41. Finisterre Range
Finisterre Range
HP Finisterrre Range  Papua New Guinea 4,150 3,709 441 Puncak Jaya

42. Monte San Valentin Andes  Chile 4,058 3,696 362 Aconcagua

43. Gunnbjørn Fjeld Watkins Range  Greenland 3,694 3,694 0 none — HP Greenland

44. Ojos del Salado Andes  Argentina /  Chile 6,893 3,688 3,205 Aconcagua

45. Semeru Java  Indonesia 3,676 3,676 0 none — HP Java

46. Ritacuba Blanco Cordillera Oriental  Colombia 5,410 3,645 1,765 Chimborazo1 / Aconcagua
Aconcagua
²

47. Mount Gongga Daxue Mountains  People's Republic of China 7,556 3,642 3,914 K21 / Everest²

48. Mount Ararat Armenian Highlands  Turkey 5,137 3,611 1,526 Damavand

49. Kongur Tagh Kongur Shan  People's Republic of China 7,649 3,585 4,064 K21 / Everest²

50. Mount Blackburn Wrangell Mountains   United States
United States
(Alaska) 4,996 3,535 1,461 Mount Logan

51. Mount Hayes Alaska
Alaska
Range   United States
United States
(Alaska) 4,216 3,501 715 Denali

52. Mount Latimojong Sulawesi  Indonesia 3,478 3,478 0 none — HP Sulawesi

53. Mount Saint Elias Saint Elias Mountains   United States
United States
(Alaska) /   Canada
Canada
(Yukon) 5,489 3,448 2,041 Mount Logan

54. Ismoil Somoni Peak Pamir Mountains  Tajikistan 7,495 3,402 4,093 K21 / Everest²

55. Dhaulagiri Himalayas    Nepal 8,167 3,357 4,810 K2

56. Mercedario Cordillera de la Ramada  Argentina 6,720 3,353 3,367 Aconcagua

57. Lautaro Andes  Chile 3,623 3,345 278 Aconcagua

58. Belukha Mountain Altai Mountains  Kazakhstan /  Russia 4,506 3,343 1,163 K21 / Everest²

59. Mount Etna Sicily  Italy 3,329 3,329 0 none — HP Sicily

60. Monte San Lorenzo Andes  Argentina /  Chile 3,706 3,319 387 Aconcagua

61. Mount Karisimbi Virunga Mountains  Rwanda /  Democratic Republic of the Congo 4,507 3,312 1,195 Mount Stanley

62. Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb Sarawat Mountains  Yemen 3,666 3,311 355 Mount Ararat1 / Everest²

63. Mount Waddington Coast Mountains  Canada 4,019 3,289 730 Mount Fairweather

64. Mulhacén Sierra Nevada  Spain 3,479 3,285 194 Mont Blanc

65. Mount Slamet Java  Indonesia 3,428 3,284 144 Semeru

66. Sabalan Alborz  Iran 4,811 3,283 1,528 Mount Ararat

67. Mount Marcus Baker Chugach Mountains   United States
United States
(Alaska) 4,016 3,269 747 Mount Hayes

68. Sauyr Zhotasy Saur Mountains  Kazakhstan /  People's Republic of China 3,840 3,252 588 Belukha Mountain1 / Everest²

69. Cerro del Bolsón Andes  Argentina 5,552 3,252 2,300 Salado1 / Aconcagua²

70. Tomort Tian Shan  People's Republic of China 4,886 3,243 1,643 Bogda Feng

71. Jade Dragon Snow Mountain Yun Range  People's Republic of China 5,596 3,202 2,394 K21 / Everest²

72. Mount Meru Eastern Rift mountains  Tanzania 4,565 3,170 1,395 Mount Kenya

73. Shiveluch Isolated volcanic group, Kamchatka  Russia 3,307 3,168 139 Klyuchevskaya

74. Nanda Devi Himalayas  India 7,816 3,139 4,677 Dhaulagiri1 / K2²

75. Ichinsky Sredinny Range  Russia 3,607 3,125 482 Klyuchevskaya

76. Mount Lawu Java  Indonesia 3,265 3,118 147 Semeru

77. Batura Sar Karakoram  Pakistan 7,795 3,118 4,677 K2

78. Mount Siple Siple Island  Antarctica 3,110 3,110 0 none — HP Siple Island

79. Pico Duarte Cordillera Central  Dominican Republic 3,098 3,098 0 none — HP Hispaniola

80. Manaslu Himalayas    Nepal 8,163 3,092 5,071 Everest

81. Mount Whitney Sierra Nevada  United States 4,418 3,073 1,345 Orizaba

82. Piton des Neiges Réunion   France
France
(Réunion) 3,069 3,069 0 none — HP Réunion

83. Raung Java  Indonesia 3,332 3,069 263 Semeru

84. Xuelian Feng Tian Shan  People's Republic of China 6,627 3,068 3,559 Peak Jengish Chokusu

85. Haleakalā Hawaiian Islands   United States
United States
(Hawaii) 3,055 3,055 0 none — HP Maui

86. Mount Lucania Saint Elias Mountains  Canada 5,226 3,046 2,180 Mount Logan

87. Mount Agung Bali  Indonesia 3,031 3,031 0 none — HP Bali

88. Mount Binaiya Seram  Indonesia 3,027 3,027 0 none — HP Ceram

89. Popocatepetl Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt  Mexico 5,400 3,020 2,380 Orizaba

90. Pico Basilé Bioko  Equatorial Guinea 3,011 3,011 0 none — HP Bioco

91. Koryaksky Vostochny Range, Kamchatka  Russia 3,456 2,999 457 Klyuchevskaya

92. Gangkhar Puensum Himalayas  Bhutan /  People's Republic of China 7,570 2,995 4,575 Kangchenjunga

93. Mount Stephenson Douglas Range  Antarctica 2,987 2,987 0 none — HP Alexander Island

94. Annapurna Himalayas    Nepal 8,091 2,984 5,107 Everest

95. Pik Talgar Trans-Ili Alatau  Kazakhstan 4,979 2,982 1,997 Peak Jengish Chokusu1 / Everest²

96. Mount Shasta Cascade Range  United States 4,317 2,977 1,340 Whitney1 / Orizaba ²

97. Mount Wilhelm Bismarck Range  Papua New Guinea 4,509 2,969 1,540 Puncak Jaya

98. Pico do Ramelau
Ramelau
or Mount Ramelau Timor  Timor-Leste 2,963 2,963 0 none — HP Timor

99. Mount Apo Apo–Talomo  Philippines 2,954 2,954 0 none — HP Mindanao

100. Gyala Peri Nyenchen Tanglha Mountains  People's Republic of China 7,294 2,942 4,352 Dhaulagiri1 / K2²

101. Mount Leuser Sumatra  Indonesia 3,466 2,941 525 Mount Kerinci

102. Mount Paget Allardyce Range   United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(South Georgia) 2,934 2,934 0 none — HP South Georgia

103. Chakragil Kunlun Mountains  People's Republic of China 6,760 2,934 3,826 Gongga Shan1 / Everest²

104. Emi Koussi Tibesti Mountains  Chad 3,445 2,934 511 Karisimbi1 / Kilimanjaro²

105. Monarch Mountain Coast Mountains  Canada 3,555 2,930 625 Waddington1 / Denali²

106. Mount Suckling Owen Stanley Range  Papua New Guinea 3,676 2,925 751 Puncak Jaya

107. Mount Pulag Cordillera Central  Philippines 2,922 2,922 0 none — HP Luzon

108. El Mela Andes  Argentina 4,150 2,907 1,243 Salado1 / Aconcagua²

109. Kuh-e Taftan Baluchestan Mountains  Iran 3,941 2,901 1,040 Sabalan

110. Jabal Shams Al Hajar Mountains  Oman 3,019 2,899 120 Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb1 / Everest²

111. Shishapangma Himalayas  People's Republic of China 8,027 2,897 5,130 Annapurna
Annapurna
I

112. Pico da Neblina Cerro de la Neblina  Brazil 2,994 2,886 108 Ritacuba Blanco1 / Aconcagua²

113. Saramati Patkai  India /  Myanmar 3,826 2,885 941 Dhaulagiri1 / Everest²

114. Maromokotro Madagascar  Madagascar 2,876 2,876 0 none — HP Madagascar

115. Mount Shishaldin Aleutian Range   United States
United States
(Alaska) 2,869 2,869 0 none — HP Unimak

116. Moncong Lompotabang Sulawesi  Indonesia 2,874 2,857 17 Mount Rantemario

117. Buni Zom Hindu Raj  Pakistan 6,542 2,845 3,697 K21 / Everest²

118. Kuh-e Bandaka Hindu Kush  Afghanistan 6,812 2,834 3,978 Tirich Mir

119. Mount Robson Rainbow Range  Canada 3,959 2,829 1,130 Whitney1 / Orizaba²

120. Mount Fogo Fogo  Cape Verde 2,829 2,829 0 none — HP Fogo

121. Kamet Himalayas  India 7,756 2,825 4,931 Nanda Devi

122. Rakaposhi Karakoram  Pakistan 7,788 2,818 4,970 K2

123. Aneto Pyrenees  Spain 3,404 2,812 608 Mulhacén

124. Arjuno-Welirang Java  Indonesia 3,339 2,812 527 Semeru

125. Jiuding Shan Daxue Mountains  People's Republic of China 4,969 2,808 2161 K21 / Everest²

No. Peak Range Location Height (m) Prominence (m) Col
Col
(m) Parent

Additional peaks[edit] The list of peaks that follow is not complete, but the peaks are all notable. Note that island high points (whose prominence is equal to their elevation) can be found at the List of islands by highest point; hence most are not included below. Some well-known peaks listed here do not score highly by prominence. All peaks with a prominence of more than 1,500 metres rank as an Ultra. For a complete listing of all 1,524 peaks with prominence greater than this level, see the lists of Ultras.

Peak Location Height (m) Prominence (m) Col
Col
(m) Parent

Mount Ruapehu   New Zealand
New Zealand
(North Island) 2,797 2,797 0 none — HP North Island, New Zealand

Mount Cereme   Indonesia
Indonesia
(Java) 3,078 2,792 286 Semeru

Huascarán  Peru 6,746 2,776 3,970 Ojos del Salado

Mount Arfak  Indonesia 2,955 2,775 179

Mount Elbert   United States
United States
(Colorado) 4,401 2,772 1,629 Mount Whitney

San Gorgonio Mountain   United States
United States
(California) 3,506 2,528 978 Olancha

Anamudi   India
India
(Kerala) 2,695 2,479 216 Western Ghats

Mount Bazardüzü  Azerbaijan /  Russia 4,466 2,454 2012

Galdhøpiggen  Norway 2,469 2,372 97 Sauyr Zhotasy¹ / Everest²

Mount Olympos  Greece 2,919 2,355 564 Großglockner¹ / Mont Blanc²

Gerlachovský štít  Slovakia 2,655 2,355 300 Mont Blanc

Mount Kosciuszko  Australia 2,228 2,228 0 none — HP mainland Australia

Monte Rosa   Switzerland 4,634 2,165 2,469 Mont Blanc

Hvannadalshnúkur  Iceland 2,110 2,110 0 none — HP Iceland

Barre des Écrins  France 4,102 2,045 2057 Mont Blanc

Hermon  Lebanon /  Syria 2,814 1,804 1010 Qurnat as Sawda', HP Lebanon

Zugspitze  Germany /  Austria 2,962 1,746 1,216 Piz Bernina1 / Mont Blanc²

Roman-Kosh  Ukraine 1,545 1,541 4

Morne Diablotins  Dominica 1,447 1,447 0 none — HP Dominica

Ben Nevis   United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(Scotland) 1,344 1,344 0 none — HP Great Britain

Kailash   China
China
(Tibet) 6,638 1,319 5,319 Lunpo Gangri

Machhapuchhare    Nepal 6,993 1,233 5,760 Annapurna
Annapurna
I

Carrauntoohil  Ireland 1,038 1,038 0 none — HP Ireland

Snowdon  Wales 1,085 1,038 47 Ben Nevis

Matterhorn/Monte Cervino   Switzerland /  Italy 4,478 1,031 3,447 Weisshorn
Weisshorn
(4,507 m)

Eiger   Switzerland 3,967 362 3,605 Mönch
Mönch
(4,099 m)

See also[edit]

List of mountain lists List of ultra-prominent summits of Africa List of ultra-prominent summits of Antarctica List of ultra-prominent summits of Australia List of ultra-prominent summits of Europe

List of ultra-prominent summits of the Alps List of the most prominent summits of the British Isles

List of ultra-prominent summits of North America

List of the most prominent summits of Greenland List of the most prominent summits of Canada List of the most prominent summits of the Rocky Mountains List of the most prominent summits of the United States

List of the most prominent summits of New England

List of the most prominent summits of Mexico List of the most prominent summits of Central America List of the most prominent summits of the Caribbean

List of ultra-prominent summits of South America List of islands by highest point Summit Topographic elevation Topographic isolation Topographic prominence Ultra-prominent summit

Notes[edit] *.^ By convention, cols created by human activity are not counted. Therefore, the Suez, Panama and other canals are ignored in these calculations. Cuts that lower the natural elevations of mountain passes are also ignored.[2] Towers, monuments and similar on the peaks are also ignored. References[edit]

^ or island ^ http://www.peaklist.org/WWlists/WorldTop50.html

World peaks with 4000 meters of prominence from peakbagger.com World top 50 most prominent peaks, originally compiled by David Metzler and Eberhard Jurgalski, and updated with the help of others as new elevation information, especially SRTM, has become available. World top 100 most prominent peaks, from the same authors as the top 50.

External links[edit]

Map of the top 50 by Ken Jones Lists and/or maps covering all peaks in the world with 1500 m+ prominence. Compiled by Aaron Maizlish. The latest estimate is tha

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