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This page lists the largest offshore wind farms that are currently operational rated by nameplate capacity. It also lists the largest offshore wind farms currently under construction, the largest proposed offshore wind farms, and offshore wind farms with notability other than size.

As of February 2018 the London Array in the United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 630 MW.

Largest operational offshore wind farms

This is a list of offshore wind farms with at least 200 MW nameplate capacity that are currently operational.

Wind farm Capacity
(MW)
Location Site coordinates Turbines & model Commissioning date Refs
London Array 630 United Kingdom 51°38′38″N 01°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361 (London Array) 175 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2012 [1][2][3]
Gemini Wind Farm 600 Netherlands 54°2′10″N 05°57′47″E / 54.03611°N 5.96306°E / 54.03611; 5.96306 (Gemini Wind Farm) 150 × Siemens SWT-4.0 2017 [4][5][6][7]
Gode Wind (phases 1+2) 582 Germany 54°04′N 7°02′E / 54.067°N 7.033°E / 54.067; 7.033 (Gode Wind I+II) 97 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [8][9]
Gwynt y Môr 576 United Kingdom 53°27′00″N 03°35′00″W / 53.45000°N 3.58333°W / 53.45000; -3.58333 (Gwynt y Môr) 160 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2015 [10]
Race Bank 573 United Kingdom 53°16′N 0°50′E / 53.267°N 0.833°E / 53.267; 0.833 (Race Bank) 91 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2018 [11][12]
Greater Gabbard 504[13] United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Greater Gabbard wind farm) 140 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [14][15][16]
Dudgeon 402 United Kingdom 53°14′56″N 1°23′24″E / 53.24889°N 1.39000°E / 53.24889; 1.39000 (Dudgeon Offshore Wind Farm) 67 × Siemens 6 MW 2017 [17]
Veja Mate 402 Germany 54°19′1″N 5°52′15″E / 54.31694°N 5.87083°E / 54.31694; 5.87083 (Veja Mate Wind Farm) 67 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [18][19]
Anholt 400 Denmark 56°36′00″N 11°12′36″E / 56.60000°N 11.21000°E / 56.60000; 11.21000 (Anholt Offshore Wind Farm) 111 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [20][21][22][23]
BARD Offshore 1 400 Germany 54°22′0″N 5°59′0″E / 54.36667°N 5.98333°E / 54.36667; 5.98333 (BARD Offshore 1) 80 × BARD 5.0MW 2013 [24][25][26]
Global Tech I (de) 400 Germany 54°30′00″N 6°21′30″E / 54.50000°N 6.35833°E / 54.50000; 6.35833 (Global Tech I) 80 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [27]
West of Duddon Sands 389 United Kingdom 53°59′02″N 3°27′50″W / 53.98389°N 3.46389°W / 53.98389; -3.46389 (West of Duddon Sands) 108 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2014 [28][29]
Walney
(phases 1&2)
367 United Kingdom 54°02′38″N 3°31′19″W / 54.04389°N 3.52194°W / 54.04389; -3.52194 (Walney Wind Farm) 102 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2011 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
[30][31]
Wikinger 350 Germany 54°50′2″N 14°4′5″E / 54.83389°N 14.06806°E / 54.83389; 14.06806 (Wikinger Wind Farm) 70 × Adwen AD 5-135 2018 [32]
Nordsee One 332 Germany 53°58′0″N 06°48′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.80000°E / 53.96667; 6.80000 (Nordsee One Wind Farm) 54 × Senvion 6.2M126 2017 [33]
Thorntonbank
(phases 1–3)
325 Belgium 51°33′00″N 2°56′00″E / 51.55000°N 2.93333°E / 51.55000; 2.93333 (Thorntonbank phases 1&2&3) 6 × Senvion 5MW
48 × Senvion 6.15MW
2009 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
2013 (phase 3)
[34][35][36][37]
Sheringham Shoal 315 United Kingdom 53°7′0″N 1°8′0″E / 53.11667°N 1.13333°E / 53.11667; 1.13333 (Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm) 88 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [38][39][40][41]
Borkum Riffgrund 1 (de) 312 Germany 53°58′0″N 06°33′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.55000°E / 53.96667; 6.55000 (Borkum Riffgrund 1 Wind Farm) 78 × Siemens SWT-4.0-120 2015 [42]
Thanet 300 United Kingdom 51°26′0″N 01°38′0″E / 51.43333°N 1.63333°E / 51.43333; 1.63333 (Thanet Offshore Wind Project) 100 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 2010 [43][44]
Huaneng Rudong 300 China 70 2017 [45]
Nordsee Ost 295 Germany 54°26′00″N 7°41′00″E / 54.43333°N 7.68333°E / 54.43333; 7.68333 (Nordsee Ost) 48 × Senvion 6.15MW 2015 [46][47]
Amrumbank West 288 Germany 54°30′0″N 07°48′00″E / 54.50000°N 7.80000°E / 54.50000; 7.80000 (Amrumbank West Wind Farm) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [48][49]
Butendiek (de) 288 Germany 54°54′0″N 07°45′00″E / 54.90000°N 7.75000°E / 54.90000; 7.75000 (Butendiek Wind Farm) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [50][51]
DanTysk 288 Germany 55°9′00″N 7°10′30″E / 55.15000°N 7.17500°E / 55.15000; 7.17500 (DanTysk) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [52]
Baltic 2 288 Germany 54°58′24″N 13°10′40″E / 54.97333°N 13.17778°E / 54.97333; 13.17778 (Baltic 2) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [53][54]
Meerwind Süd / Ost (de) 288 Germany 54°23′00″N 7°42′00″E / 54.38333°N 7.70000°E / 54.38333; 7.70000 (Meerwind Süd / Ost) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [55]
Sandbank (Phase 1) (de) 288 Germany 55°11′0″N 06°51′00″E / 55.18333°N 6.85000°E / 55.18333; 6.85000 (Sandbank Wind Farm) 72 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2017 [56][57]
Lincs 270 United Kingdom 53°11′00″N 00°29′00″E / 53.18333°N 0.48333°E / 53.18333; 0.48333 (Lincs Wind Farm) 75 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [58]
Burbo Bank Extension 258 United Kingdom 53°28′48″N 3°15′36″W / 53.48000°N 3.26000°W / 53.48000; -3.26000 (Burbo Bank Extension) 32 × Vestas V164-8.0MW 2017 [59]
Humber Gateway 219 United Kingdom 53°38′38″N 0°17′35″E / 53.64389°N 0.29306°E / 53.64389; 0.29306 (Humber Gateway) 73 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2015 [60]
Northwind (de) 216 Belgium 51°37′08″N 02°54′03″E / 51.61889°N 2.90083°E / 51.61889; 2.90083 (Northwind) 72 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2014 [61]
Westermost Rough 210 United Kingdom 53°48′0″N 0°9′0″E / 53.80000°N 0.15000°E / 53.80000; 0.15000 (Westermost Rough Wind Farm) 35 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2015 [62][63]
Horns Rev 2 209 Denmark 55°36′00″N 7°35′24″E / 55.60000°N 7.59000°E / 55.60000; 7.59000 (Horns Rev 2) 91 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2009 [64]
Rødsand II 207 Denmark 54°33′0″N 11°42′36″E / 54.55000°N 11.71000°E / 54.55000; 11.71000 (Nysted Wind Farm) 90 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2010 [65][66]
Chenjiagang (Jiangsu) Xiangshui 201 China 34°29′00″N 119°52′00″E / 34.48333°N 119.86667°E / 34.48333; 119.86667 (Jiangsu Xiangshui Wind Farm) 134 × FD77-1500 Dongfang Electric 2010 [67][68]
Trianel Borkum West II (Phase 1) 200 Germany 54°2′30″N 6°28′0″E / 54.04167°N 6.46667°E / 54.04167; 6.46667 (Trianel Borkum West II) 40 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [69]
Jiangsu Luneng Dongtai 200 China 32°55′16″N 121°10′55″E / 32.92111°N 121.18194°E / 32.92111; 121.18194 (Jiangsu Luneng Dongtai Wind Farm) 50 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2017 [70][71]

Largest under construction

This is a list of the largest offshore wind farms currently under construction.

Wind farm Capacity
(MW)
Location Site coordinates Turbines & model Completion Refs
Walney Extension 659 United Kingdom 54°5′17″N 3°44′17″W / 54.08806°N 3.73806°W / 54.08806; -3.73806 (Walney Extension) 47 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154
40 x MHI Vestas V164-8.25 MW
2019 [72]
Beatrice 588 United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 84 × Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2019 [73]
Horns Rev 3 406.7 Denmark 55°49′N 7°42′E / 55.817°N 7.700°E / 55.817; 7.700 (Horns Rev 3) 49 x MHI Vestas V164-8.3 MW 2019 [74]
Rampion 400 United Kingdom 50°40′N 0°06′W / 50.667°N 0.100°W / 50.667; -0.100 (Rampion) 116 x MHI Vestas V112-3.45 MW 2018 [75]
Binhai North 400 China 34°40′04″N 120°21′29″E / 34.66778°N 120.35806°E / 34.66778; 120.35806 (Binhai North Wind) 100 x Siemens SWT-4.0-120 2018 [76]
Galloper 336 United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Galloper) 56 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2018 [77]

Top proposed wind farm areas

The following table lists largest offshore wind farm areas (by nameplate capacity) that are only at a proposal stage, and have achieved at least some of the formal consents required before construction can begin.

Wind Farm Total
(MW)
Country Coordinates Consents Refs
Korea Offshore 2,500 South Korea Korean government approved [78]
Formosa III 1,900 Taiwan Undergoing environmental impact assessment and approvals which are expected to be completed by end of 2017 [79]
Borssele Offshore 1,400 Netherlands Areas I and II (2 x 350MW) to be built by Dong Energy, Areas III (330MW) and IV (350MW) to be built by Blauwwind II c.v. consortium [80]
Moray Firth 1,300 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [81]
Creyke Beck A 1,200 United Kingdom 54°43′28.63″N 2°46′06.80″E / 54.7246194°N 2.7685556°E / 54.7246194; 2.7685556 (Dogger Bank) Crown Estate Round 3 [82][83]
Creyke Beck B 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [82][83]
East Anglia (formerly Norfolk Bank) 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [81][84]
Irish Sea 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [81]
Teesside A 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [82][83]
Teesside B 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [82][83]
Triton Knoll 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 2 [85]

Other notable offshore wind farms

Wind Farm Country Coordinates Year Notability Refs
Vindeby Denmark 1991 First offshore wind farm; 11 × Bonus 450 kW [86][87][88][89][90][91][92]
Beatrice United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 2007 2 × Senvion 5MW prototype turbines, deepest fixed-foundation at 45-metre water depth [93][94][95]
Yttre Stengrund Sweden First offshore wind farm to be decommissioned (in November 2015)
Hywind Norway 2009 First full-scale, deep-water floating turbine: Siemens 2.3 MW turbine in 220 meter-deep water [96][97]
Hywind Scotland United Kingdom 2017 First full-scale, deep-water floating wind farm, at 30 MW capacity

See also

References

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External links