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The Info List - List Of Mountain Ranges


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This is a list of mountain ranges on Earth
Earth
and a few other astronomical bodies . First, the highest and longest mountain ranges on Earth
Earth
are listed, followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent. Ranges in the oceans and on other celestial bodies are listed afterwards.

CONTENTS

* 1 Earth
Earth

* 1.1 By height * 1.2 By prominence * 1.3 By length

* 1.4 By continental area

* 1.4.1 Africa * 1.4.2 Asia * 1.4.3 Europe

* 1.4.4 North America

* 1.4.4.1 Greenland * 1.4.4.2 Canada * 1.4.4.3 United States
United States
* 1.4.4.4 Mexico
Mexico
* 1.4.4.5 Central America * 1.4.4.6 Caribbean

* 1.4.5 South America * 1.4.6 Oceania * 1.4.7 Antarctica
Antarctica

* 1.5 Ocean

* 2 Extraterrestrial

* 2.1 The Moon
Moon
* 2.2 Iapetus

* 3 See also * 4 References

EARTH

BY HEIGHT

* Himalaya
Himalaya
- Asia Nepal
Nepal
, India
India
, China
China
, Pakistan
Pakistan
, Bhutan
Bhutan
; highest point - Everest
Everest
; 8848 meters above sea level. * Karakoram
Karakoram
(part of Greater Himalayas) - Asia: Pakistan
Pakistan
, China
China
, India
India
; highest point - K2 , 8611 meters above sea level. * Hindu Kush
Hindu Kush
(part of Greater Himalayas) - Asia: Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, Pakistan
Pakistan
, India
India
; highest point - Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
, 7708 meters above sea level. * Pamirs
Pamirs
(part of Greater Himalayas) - Asia: Tajikistan
Tajikistan
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
, China
China
, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
; highest point - Kongur Tagh
Kongur Tagh
, 7649 meters above sea level, a peak included in the "Eastern Pamirs" more often than in the Kunlun Mountains
Kunlun Mountains
, as Kongur Tagh
Kongur Tagh
and the Kunlun range are separated by the large Yarkand River valley; no valley of such significance separates the Pamirs
Pamirs
and Kongur Tagh, just political boundaries. * Hengduan Mountains
Hengduan Mountains
(part of Greater Himalayas)-Asia: China
China
, Myanmar
Myanmar
; highest point - Mount Gongga , 7556 meters above sea level. * Tian Shan
Tian Shan
- Asia: China
China
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Uzbekistan ; highest point - Jengish Chokusu
Jengish Chokusu
, 7439 meters above sea level. * Kunlun (part of Greater Himalayas) - Asia: China
China
; highest point - Liushi Shan , 7167 meters above sea level. * Nyenchen Tanglha (part of Greater Himalayas) - Asia; China
China
; highest point - Mount Nyenchen Tanglha , 7162 meters above sea level. * Andes
Andes
- South America: Argentina
Argentina
, Chile
Chile
, Peru
Peru
, Bolivia
Bolivia
, Ecuador
Ecuador
, Colombia
Colombia
, Venezuela
Venezuela
; highest point - Aconcagua
Aconcagua
, 6962 meters above sea level. * Alaska Range
Alaska Range
- North America: United States
United States
; highest point - Denali
Denali
, 6194 meters above sea level.

All of the Asian ranges above have been formed in part over the past 35 to 55 million years by the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate
Eurasian Plate
. The Indian Plate is still particularly mobile and these mountain ranges continue to rise in elevation every year; of these the Himalayas
Himalayas
are rising most quickly; the Kashmir
Kashmir
and Pamirs region to the north of the Indian subcontinent is the point of confluence of these mountains which encircle the Tibetan Plateau
Tibetan Plateau
on three sides.

BY PROMINENCE

See List of peaks by prominence
List of peaks by prominence
(ranking the mountain ranges as well).

BY LENGTH

* Mid-ocean ridge
Mid-ocean ridge
- 40,389 km (25,097 mi) * Andes
Andes
- 7,000 km (4,300 mi) * Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
- 4,830 km (3,000 mi) * Great Dividing Range
Great Dividing Range
- 3,500 km (2,200 mi) * Transantarctic Mountains
Transantarctic Mountains
- 3,500 km (2,200 mi) * Kunlun Mountains
Kunlun Mountains
- 3,000 km (1,900 mi) * Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains
- 2,500 km (1,600 mi) * Atlas Mountains
Atlas Mountains
- 2,500 km (1,600 mi) * Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains
- 2,414 km (1,500 mi) * Himalayas
Himalayas
- 2,400 km (1,500 mi) * Altai Mountains
Altai Mountains
- 2,000 km (1,200 mi) * Carpathian Mountains - 1,700 km (1,100 mi) * Kjølen - ca 1,700 km (1,100 mi) * Barisan Mountains
Barisan Mountains
- ca 1,700 km (1,100 mi) * Coast Mountains
Coast Mountains
- 1,600 km (990 mi) * Qin Mountains - 1,600 km (990 mi) * Western Ghats
Western Ghats
- 1,600 km (990 mi) * Serra do Mar
Serra do Mar
- 1,500 km (930 mi) * Taurus Mountains
Taurus Mountains
- 1,500 km (930 mi) * Zagros Mountains
Zagros Mountains
-1,500 km (930 mi) * Sierra Madre Occidental
Sierra Madre Occidental
- 1,500 km (930 mi) * Mantiqueira Mountains / Espinhaço Mountains - 1,320 km (820 mi) * Greater Caucasus
Greater Caucasus
- 1,200 km (750 mi) * Vindhya Range
Vindhya Range
- 1,200 km (750 mi) * Alps
Alps
- 1,200 km (750 mi) * Apennines - 1,200 km (750 mi) * Drakensberg
Drakensberg
- 1,125 km (700 mi) * Cascade Mountains
Cascade Mountains
- 1,100 km (680 mi) * Annamite Range
Annamite Range
- 1,100 km (680 mi) * Brooks Range
Brooks Range
- 1,100 km (680 mi) * U.S. Interior Highlands * Aravalli Range
Aravalli Range
- 800 km (500 mi) * Southern Alps
Alps
- 600 km (370 mi)

BY CONTINENTAL AREA

Africa

* Ahaggar Mountains
Ahaggar Mountains
* Ahmar Mountains , * Aberdare ranges, Kenya * Amaro Mountains , Ethiopia * Atlantika Mountains , Cameroon
Cameroon
, Nigeria
Nigeria

* Atlas Mountains
Atlas Mountains
, Algeria
Algeria
, Morocco
Morocco
, Tunisia
Tunisia

* Anti-Atlas , Morocco * Aurès Mountains
Aurès Mountains
, Algeria, Tunisia * High Atlas
High Atlas
, Morocco * Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
, Morocco * Rif
Rif
, Morocco * Saharan Atlas
Saharan Atlas
, Algeria * Tell Atlas , Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

* Bale Mountains
Bale Mountains
, Ethiopia * Bakossi Mountains , Cameroon * Bvumba Mountains , Mozambique
Mozambique
, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
* Cal Madow
Cal Madow
, Somalia
Somalia
* Cederberg
Cederberg
, South Africa * Drakensberg
Drakensberg
, South Africa * Eastern Arc Mountains , Kenya
Kenya
, Tanzania
Tanzania
* Eastern Highlands
Eastern Highlands
, Mozambique, Zimbabwe * Entoto Mountains , Ethiopia * Erta Ale Range , Ethiopia * Golis Mountains
Golis Mountains
, Somalia
Somalia
* Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro
& Meru , Tanzania * Kipengere Range , Tanzania * Lebombo Mountains , Mozambique * Magaliesberg
Magaliesberg
, South Africa * Mahale Mountains , Tanzania * Mandara Mountains , Cameroon, Nigeria
Nigeria
* Mount Cameroon
Cameroon
* Mount Nimba * Mt. Kenya
Kenya
, Kenya * Ogo Mountains
Ogo Mountains
, Somalia
Somalia
* Outeniqua , South Africa * Pare Mountains , Tanzania * Piton des Neiges
Piton des Neiges
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* Mountains portal

* Mountain
Mountain
* Mountain range
Mountain range
* List of highest mountains
List of highest mountains
* Seven Summits * List of mountains on the Moon
Moon
* List of tallest mountains in the Solar System * List of mountains on Mars by height

REFERENCES

* ^ N. O. Arnaud; M. Brunel; J. M. Cantagr4=P. Tapponnier (1993). "High cooling and denudation rates at Kongur Shan, Eastern Pamir (Xinjiang, China)". Tectonics Vol. 12 No. 3. American Geophysical Union Publications. pp. 1335–1346. Retrieved 2015-05-02. * ^ Ocean Facts, National Ocean

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