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The LIST OF MOTORWAYS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM is a complete list of motorways in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. Note that whilst one numbering scheme is used for Great Britain , roads in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
are allocated their own numbers on an ad hoc basis.

CONTENTS

* 1 Great Britain

* 1.1 M-designated motorways * 1.2 Upgraded A-road designations * 1.3 Former motorways * 1.4 Motorways that have been renumbered * 1.5 Motorways under construction or planned * 1.6 Unbuilt motorways

* 2 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland

* 2.1 M-designated motorways * 2.2 Upgraded A-road designations * 2.3 Unbuilt motorways

* 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 External links

GREAT BRITAIN

M-DESIGNATED MOTORWAYS

LINK ROUTE CEREMONIAL COUNTIES (ENGLAND), COUNCIL AREAS (SCOTLAND) AND PRINCIPAL AREAS (WALES)

M1 Nicknamed the 'gateway to the North'. The eastern north-south motorway linking London
London
( Hendon
Hendon
) to Leeds
Leeds
and continuing north to the A1 near Garforth
Garforth
. The first inter-urban motorway. Greater London
Greater London
, Hertfordshire , Bedfordshire , Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
, Northamptonshire , Leicestershire , Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
, South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
, West Yorkshire

M2 From Strood to Faversham . Bypasses the Medway Towns . Kent
Kent

M3 Main motorway from London
London
to the south coast. Linking Sunbury-on-Thames to Southampton
Southampton
. Surrey
Surrey
, Hampshire
Hampshire

M4 The southern east-west motorway linking London
London
( Chiswick
Chiswick
) to Bristol
Bristol
and on to South Wales , terminating just beyond Pontarddulais . Greater London
Greater London
, Berkshire
Berkshire
, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
, Wiltshire
Wiltshire
, Gloucestershire , Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
, Newport , Cardiff
Cardiff
, Vale of Glamorgan , Rhondda Cynon Taff , Bridgend , Neath Port Talbot
Neath Port Talbot
, Swansea
Swansea
, Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire

M5 The main motorway through South West England . Linking the M6 at Great Barr (on the Birmingham
Birmingham
/ West Bromwich / Walsall
Walsall
border) to Exminster near Exeter . West Midlands , Worcestershire , Gloucestershire , Bristol
Bristol
, Somerset
Somerset
, Devon
Devon

M6 The main western north-south motorway linking the North West of England with the South. Starts at M1 near Rugby and terminates at the A74(M) at Gretna which continues to Abington , at which it becomes the M74 , continuing to Glasgow
Glasgow
Leicestershire , Warwickshire , West Midlands , Staffordshire
Staffordshire
, Cheshire
Cheshire
, Merseyside , Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
, Lancashire
Lancashire
, Cumbria
Cumbria

M6 Toll A toll motorway bypassing a busy stretch of the M6 around the Birmingham
Birmingham
and Wolverhampton areas from near Coleshill to Cannock . West Midlands , Staffordshire
Staffordshire

M8 Linking Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to the A8 at Langbank , via Glasgow
Glasgow
and Livingston . Edinburgh
Edinburgh
, West Lothian , North Lanarkshire , Glasgow
Glasgow
, Renfrewshire
Renfrewshire

M9 Linking the M8 just west of Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Dunblane via Stirling
Stirling
and Falkirk . Edinburgh
Edinburgh
, West Lothian , Falkirk , Stirling
Stirling

M11 Linking London
London
(Woodford ) to Cambridge
Cambridge
. Greater London
Greater London
, Essex
Essex
, Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire

M18 Linking the M1 at Rotherham to the M62 near Goole . South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
, East Riding of Yorkshire
East Riding of Yorkshire

M20 Linking the M25 at Swanley to Folkestone . Kent
Kent

M23 Linking Hooley in Surrey
Surrey
(just north of the M25 , and south of Coulsdon ) to Crawley . Surrey
Surrey
, West Sussex

M25 The London
London
orbital motorway, numbered clockwise from Dartford around London
London
to Thurrock
Thurrock
. (The Dartford Crossing between Thurrock and Dartford is not classified as a motorway, being the A282 .) Kent
Kent
, Surrey
Surrey
, Berkshire
Berkshire
, Greater London
Greater London
, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
, Hertfordshire , Essex
Essex

M26 A short link between the M25 at Sevenoaks and the M20 before Maidstone
Maidstone
. Kent
Kent

M27 The south coast route running from Cadnam , west of Southampton
Southampton
, to Portsmouth
Portsmouth
. Hampshire
Hampshire

M32 A spur from the M4 near Winterbourne to central Bristol
Bristol
. Gloucestershire , Bristol
Bristol

M40 The southeast-northwest motorway linking Denham , west of London, to the M42 south of Solihull . Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
, Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
, Northamptonshire , Warwickshire

M42 Part of the Birmingham
Birmingham
orbital motorway, from the M5 near Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
, running around the south and east of Birmingham
Birmingham
and continuing north towards Measham . A section near Coleshill has been replaced by the M6 Toll . Worcestershire , Warwickshire , West Midlands , Leicestershire

M45 A short spur linking the A45 south west of Rugby to the M1 south east of Rugby and north of Daventry . Warwickshire , Northamptonshire

M48 The Severn Bridge
Severn Bridge
, linking the M4 at Olveston (near Thornbury ), over the River Severn
River Severn
, to the M4 at Rogiet (near Caldicot ). This used to be part of the M4 before the Second Severn Crossing
Second Severn Crossing
was built. Gloucestershire , Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire

M49 A short link from the M5 to the M4 west of Bristol
Bristol
. Bristol
Bristol
, Gloucestershire

M50 Linking the M5 north of Tewkesbury to Ross-on-Wye . Worcestershire , Gloucestershire , Herefordshire
Herefordshire

M53 Linking Wallasey and Chester . Merseyside , Cheshire
Cheshire

M54 Linking the M6 north of Wolverhampton to Wellington west of Telford . Staffordshire
Staffordshire
, Shropshire
Shropshire

M55 Linking the M6 north of Preston to Blackpool
Blackpool
. Lancashire
Lancashire

M56 Linking Manchester
Manchester
( Gatley ) to the A5117 between Ellesmere Port and Chester . Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
, Cheshire
Cheshire

M57 The Liverpool
Liverpool
bypass running north-west from the M62 near Huyton to Switch Island between Maghull and Aintree . Merseyside

M58 Linking Switch Island (between Maghull and Aintree , northern Liverpool
Liverpool
) to Orrell
Orrell
, near Wigan
Wigan
. Merseyside , Lancashire
Lancashire
, Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester

M60 The Manchester
Manchester
Outer Ring Road, an orbital motorway, numbered clockwise from Stockport . Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester

M61 Linking Manchester
Manchester
( Worsley
Worsley
) to Bamber Bridge near Preston . Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
, Lancashire
Lancashire

M62 The trans-Pennine link – connecting Liverpool
Liverpool
to the A63 between North Cave and Newport , west of Kingston upon Hull . There is a gap in the motorway between Winton and Simister where the road has been reclassified to become the northern part of the M60 Manchester
Manchester
orbital motorway. From its western terminus to J6, the M62 is not a trunk road and is under the jurisdiction of Liverpool
Liverpool
City Council . Merseyside , Cheshire
Cheshire
, Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
, West Yorkshire , North Yorkshire , East Riding of Yorkshire
East Riding of Yorkshire

M65 Linking Bamber Bridge near Preston to Colne . From J10 to J14, the M65 is not a trunk road and is under the jurisdiction of Lancashire County Council . Lancashire
Lancashire

M66 Linking Ramsbottom to the M60 at Whitefield . Lancashire
Lancashire
, Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester

M67 Linking the M60 at Denton , east Manchester
Manchester
, to Hattersley , east of Hyde . Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester

M69 Linking Coventry
Coventry
to Leicester . Warwickshire , Leicestershire

M73 Linking the M74 near Uddingston to the M80 , south-west of Cumbernauld . North Lanarkshire , Glasgow
Glasgow

M74 Linking Glasgow
Glasgow
( Pollokshields ) to the A74(M) at Abington . Glasgow
Glasgow
, North Lanarkshire , South Lanarkshire

M77 Linking the M8 at Glasgow
Glasgow
( Pollokshields ) to Fenwick near Kilmarnock . Glasgow
Glasgow
, East Renfrewshire
Renfrewshire
, East Ayrshire

M80 Linking the M8 at Glasgow
Glasgow
( Riddrie ) and the M9 south of Stirling
Stirling
. Glasgow
Glasgow
, North Lanarkshire , Falkirk , Stirling
Stirling

M90 Linking Inverkeithing , north of the Forth Road Bridge , to Perth . The road to link the road across the Forth is under construction as part of the Queensferry Crossing project. Fife
Fife
, Perth and Kinross

M180 Linking the M18 at Thorne to the junction of the A15 (south of the Humber Bridge
Humber Bridge
) and A180 (west of Grimsby ). South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
, Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire

M181 A spur from the M180 running to the west of Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire

M271 Spurs from the M27 heading north to the A3057 (south of Romsey ), and south to Redbridge, Southampton
Southampton
. Hampshire
Hampshire

M275 A spur from the M27 on Horsea Island into Portsmouth
Portsmouth
( Landport ). The motorway is not a trunk road and is under the jurisdiction of Portsmouth
Portsmouth
City Council . Hampshire
Hampshire

M602 Linking the M62 at Winton to Salford , just west of the centre of Manchester
Manchester
. Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester

M606 A spur from the M62 near Cleckheaton into Bradford . West Yorkshire

M621 Linking the M62 at Gildersome to the M1 near Rothwell . The motorway runs close to the centre of Leeds
Leeds
. West Yorkshire

M876 Linking the M80 near Denny , north-west of Falkirk , to the A876 near the Kincardine Bridge . A short section of the motorway north of Stenhousemuir is classified as the M9 . Falkirk

M898 A spur from the M8 near Erskine to the A898, the Erskine Bridge approach road. Renfrewshire
Renfrewshire

UPGRADED A-ROAD DESIGNATIONS

LINK ROUTE CEREMONIAL COUNTIES (ENGLAND), COUNCIL AREAS (SCOTLAND) AND PRINCIPAL AREAS (WALES)

A1(M) The parts of the A1 between London
London
and Gateshead
Gateshead
that have been upgraded to motorway. There are five sections of the A1 that have been upgraded:

* From the M25 at South Mimms to Stotfold (near Baldock ); * From Alconbury
Alconbury
(near Huntingdon ) to Peterborough
Peterborough
; * From Blyth (near Retford ) to Adwick le Street (near Doncaster ); * From Darrington (near Pontefract ) to just north of Leeming (near Northallerton ); * From Barton (near Darlington
Darlington
) to Birtley (near Gateshead
Gateshead
).

Hertfordshire , Bedfordshire , Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
, Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
, South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
, West Yorkshire , North Yorkshire , County Durham
County Durham
, Tyne and Wear

A3(M) Linking the dual-carriageway A3 north of Horndean to the A27 near Havant , running parallel to the A3. Hampshire
Hampshire

A8(M) A spur motorway from Baillieston Interchange to Swinton Interchange in Scotland and is the shortest motorway at 0.2 miles long. Glasgow
Glasgow

A38(M) A spur from the M6 at the Gravelly Hill Interchange (Spaghetti Junction) to central Birmingham
Birmingham
, also known as the Aston Expressway. It has no central reservation , but uses a tidal flow system: the number of lanes open in each direction varies according to prevailing traffic conditions. West Midlands

A48(M) Linking the M4 near Castleton to Cardiff
Cardiff
( St Mellons ). Newport , Cardiff
Cardiff

A57(M) Known as the Mancunian Way, forms the southern part of Manchester
Manchester
's inner ring road, running from a junction on Deansgate to the A635 near Piccadilly Station . It is elevated and runs through the centre of the campus of UMIST , now part of the University of Manchester
Manchester
.

It also passes through the Manchester
Manchester
Metropolitan University, just South of the John Dalton building, and north of the Union building. Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester

A58(M) The western part of the Leeds
Leeds
inner ring road , running from Wellington Road (A58 ) to join the A64(M) at the junction with Claypit Lane (also A58 ). West Yorkshire

A64(M) The eastern part of the Leeds
Leeds
inner ring road , running from the A58(M) at the junction with Claypit Lane (A58 ), to York Road (A64 ). West Yorkshire

A66(M) A spur from the A1(M) near Cleasby joining the A66 heading into Darlington
Darlington
. North Yorkshire

A74(M) Linking the M74 at Abington to the M6 at Gretna . South Lanarkshire , Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
, Cumbria
Cumbria

A167(M) An urban motorway in central Newcastle upon Tyne running from just north of the Tyne Bridge
Tyne Bridge
to just north of Newcastle University
Newcastle University
. Tyne and Wear

A194(M) Linking the A1(M) at Birtley (near Gateshead
Gateshead
) to A194 near Wardley, leading to the Tyne Tunnel
Tyne Tunnel
. Tyne and Wear

A308(M) Linking the M4 junction 8/9 to the A308 near Bray . Berkshire
Berkshire

A329(M) Linking Bracknell to Winnersh near Reading , crossing the M4 . Berkshire
Berkshire

A404(M) Linking the M4 junction 8/9 to the A4 at Maidenhead Thicket. Berkshire
Berkshire

A601(M) A spur from the M6 at Carnforth to the A6 near Warton . The southern part is single carriageway. Lancashire
Lancashire

A627(M) Linking Rochdale and Chadderton , crossing the M62 . Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester

A635(M) Forms a small part of the Mancunian Way for 0.3 miles before becoming the A57(M). It isn't signposted and was formerly the UK's smallest motorway. Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester

A823(M) A spur from the M90 near Rosyth to the A823 south of Dunfermline . Fife
Fife

FORMER MOTORWAYS

Roads which used to be motorways but have been downgraded:

LINK ROUTE

M10 A short spur linking St Albans
St Albans
to the M1 near Hemel Hempstead . Now part of the A414 .

M15 The designation for the Ringway 2 upgrade of the A406 (North Circular Road) and A205 (South Circular Road). Only the section between junction 4 of the M11 and Redbridge Roundabout was built to motorway standard and was initially signed as M11 because the section built, at the time, only led to and from the M11. When the route was extended to Beckton , this section of M11 was redesignated as the A406 ( The North Circular ).

M41 The London
London
West Cross Route , a spur from the London
London
Westway (A40(M) ) and the only part of the western section of the London Motorway Box to be built, now A3220.

A18(M) A spur from M18 . Mostly now part of M180 , although a section has been abandoned.

A40(M) The London
London
Westway, now the A40 .

A41(M) The Tring bypass, now the A41 .

A46(M) A spur towards Leicester from M1 at junction 21, now part of the A5460 .

A102(M) The London
London
East Cross Route , in two sections:

* Hackney Wick to Old Ford (now the A12 ); * Blackwall Tunnel to the Sun in the Sands roundabout (now the A102 ). Was the eastern section of the London
London
Motorway Box .

A329(M) The northern third of the A329(M) from Winnersh to Reading , now the A3290. Downgraded to permit Reading council to dedicate one lane for buses.

A6144(M) Formerly the longest single-carriageway motorway spur in the United Kingdom from the M60 north of Sale towards Carrington . Now just a spur of the A6144 .

MOTORWAYS THAT HAVE BEEN RENUMBERED

LINK ROUTE

M16 Originally to be the northern section of the M25 but was renumbered before opening.

M63 Merged with parts of the M62 and M66 to form the new M60 Manchester orbital motorway.

M85 Now M90 J10-11. Previously the M90 carried on along the spur into Perth , leaving the main route ahead as the M85

M531 Now the southern section of the M53 .

A20(M) Now the M20 from J5-8.

A423(M) Originally A4(M) and then part of the M4 . Now the A404(M) .

A6127(M) Now the A167(M)

MOTORWAYS UNDER CONSTRUCTION OR PLANNED

The £380m A1(M) Leeming - Barton upgrade commenced construction in Spring 2014 with completion scheduled for Summer 2017.

The Queensferry Crossing and its approach roads are being constructed as a motorway and will extend the M90 to the M9 at junction 1a re-numbering the M9 spur when finished in 2016.

The only other new motorway constructions currently being planned in the UK is a motorway running south of the city of Newport , south Wales. This motorway remains to be properly named, only being described as the M4 relief road .

UNBUILT MOTORWAYS

There have been many plans for motorways in the UK that have not been built. Below is a list of plans that were not built (not exhaustive):

* M12 in 3 forms:

* From the London
London
end of the M11 to Brentwood ; * From the London
London
end of the M11 to Maplin Sands Airport (also not built); * From the M25 (in the vicinity of the M11 ) to Chelmsford
Chelmsford
.

* M13 , from East London
London
to Maplin Sands airport passing south of Southend
Southend
. * M17 Castle Donington bypass, a short spur off the M1 ; * M31 , a bypass of the busiest section of the M25 , cutting the corner for traffic from the West. * M59, M58 junction 2 to south of Preston . * M64 , between the M6 south of Stoke-on-Trent and the M1 near Derby . Mostly built as the A50 . * M601, which would have entered Manchester
Manchester
from the M62 (now the M60 ) in the Irwell Valley at Clifton near Pendlebury . * M650, Airedale Motorway from near Silsden to Shipley . * A6(M) (or M66 extension), which would have formed an eastern bypass for Stockport . As of March 2006, this is still under the planning stage as part of the SEMMMS (south east Manchester
Manchester
multi modal study) project (though not as motorway). * A556(M), which would have cut the corner between the M6 and M56 near Warrington
Warrington
. * Chippenham Spur, off the M4 * Strensham – Solihull motorway, a link between the M50 and M42 or M69 * Most of the M67 – from Hattersley to the M1 via the Hope Valley in the Peak District national park and Sheffield
Sheffield
. Various routes have been proposed but have yet to come to fruition due to controversy and/or expense. In 2014, the then Sheffield
Sheffield
Hallam MP and Deputy Prime Minister , Nick Clegg
Nick Clegg
signalled his support for improvements to the Woodhead Pass . The latest proposal to extend the M67 is to tunnel under the Peak District from Hattersley to Stannington (an outer-suburb of Sheffield
Sheffield
) and to link that tunnel to a new underground motorway providing links to the M1 .

Many cities had urban motorway plans, most of which were not built. London
London
, Newcastle , Liverpool
Liverpool
, Manchester
Manchester
/SELNEC and Glasgow
Glasgow
all had extensive plans.

NORTHERN IRELAND

M-DESIGNATED MOTORWAYS

LINK ROUTE COUNCIL AREAS

M1 Linking Belfast
Belfast
to Dungannon . Belfast
Belfast
, Lisburn
Lisburn
, Craigavon , Dungannon and South Tyrone

M2 In two sections, one linking Belfast
Belfast
to Antrim , and the other bypassing Ballymena
Ballymena
. The section in between was planned, but never built. Belfast
Belfast
, Newtownabbey
Newtownabbey
, Antrim , Ballymena
Ballymena

M3 Linking the M2 in north Belfast
Belfast
to the A2 Sydenham Bypass in east Belfast
Belfast
. Belfast
Belfast

M5 Linking the M2 in north Belfast
Belfast
to Newtownabbey
Newtownabbey
. Belfast
Belfast
, Newtownabbey
Newtownabbey

M12 A spur from the M1 near Derrymacash to the north of Portadown . Craigavon

M22 Linking the M2 at Antrim to Randalstown . Antrim

UPGRADED A-ROAD DESIGNATIONS

LINK ROUTE COUNCIL AREAS

A8(M) A spur from the M2 near Glengormley to the A8 north-west of Newtownabbey
Newtownabbey
. Newtownabbey
Newtownabbey

UNBUILT MOTORWAYS

The following motorways were planned, but never built.

* M11, from the M1 going through Lisburn
Lisburn
and then crossing the M1 again and ending at Newry * M23, from the M2 to Derry
Derry

There were also urban motorway plans for Belfast
Belfast

SEE ALSO

* List of numbered roads in the British Isles * Motorways in the Republic of Ireland

NOTES

* ^ " Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly – WRITTEN ANSWERS Friday 15 December 2000". Archived from the original on 23 December 2008. Retrieved 2007-11-19. * ^ Pattison, Andrew (27 November 2012). "Scotland gets its first "Managed Motorway"". Retrieved 23 June 2013. * ^ "A635(M) Mancunian Way only a single bridge". Pathetic Motorways. * ^ Pathetic Motorways: M15 * ^ A B C Under its charter, motorways are excluded from the remit of Transport for London
London
. These routes had their motorway status removed to allow TfL control over them. * ^ Pathetic Motorways: A41(M) * ^ Pathetic Motorways: A46(M) * ^ Pathetic Motorways: M85 * ^ Pathetic Motorways: M531 * ^ Pathetic Motorways: A20(M) * ^ Pathetic Motorways: A4(M) * ^ Pathetic Motorways: A423(M) * ^ Pathetic Motorways: A6127(M) * ^ * ^ Pathetic Motorways: M12 * ^ Pathetic Motorways: M13 * ^ Pathetic Motorways: M31 * ^ Pathetic Motorways: M59 * ^ Pathetic Motorways: M601 * ^ Pathetic Motorways: M650 * ^ Pathetic Motorways: A6(M) * ^ Pathetic Motorways: A556(M) * ^ Pathetic Motorways: Chippenham Spur * ^ Pathetic Motorways: Strensham – Solihull Motorway * ^ Pathetic Motorways: M67 Manchester
Manchester
- Sheffield
Sheffield
(across the Peak District) * ^ Transport North: "Go the whole way, complete the M67, with a tunnel underneath" * ^ Why is Sheffield
Sheffield
Lagging Behind Leeds
Leeds
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* t * e

Roads in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom

ARTICLES

* Road numbering schemes: Great Britain * Motoring taxation * Driving * Road signs (Wales )

ZONES

A-ROAD LISTS

* 1 * 2 * 3 * 4 * 5 * 6 * 7 * 8 * 9 * Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland

B-ROAD LISTS

* 1 * 2 * 3 * 4 * 5 * 6 * 7 * 8 * 9 * Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland

OTHER LISTS

* Anomalously numbered roads * Junctions * Motorways * Primary destinations * Unused roads

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