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The Info List - List Of Mergers And Acquisitions By IBM



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The following is a partial LIST OF IBM
IBM
PRECURSORS, ACQUISITIONS AND SPINOFFS. IBM
IBM
has undergone a large number of mergers and acquisitions during a corporate history lasting over a century; the company has also produced a number of spinoffs during that time.

The acquisition date listed is the date of the agreement between IBM and the subject of the acquisition. The value of each acquisition is listed in USD
USD
because IBM
IBM
is based in the United States
United States
. If the value of an acquisition is not listed, then it is undisclosed. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .

CONTENTS

* 1 Precursors 1889–1910 * 2 Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company, 1911

* 3 Acquisitions during 1912–1999

* 3.1 1912–1929 * 3.2 1930–1949 * 3.3 1950–1969 * 3.4 1970–1989 * 3.5 1990–1999

* 4 Acquisitions since 2000 * 5 Spinoffs * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

PRECURSORS 1889–1910

* 1889 Bundy Manufacturing Company incorporated. * 1891 Computing Scale Company incorporated. * 1893 Dey Patents Company (soon renamed the Dey Time Register Company) incorporated. * 1894 Willard & Frick Manufacturing
Manufacturing
Company ( Rochester, New York ) incorporated.

* 1896

* Detroit Automatic Scale Company incorporated. * The Tabulating Machine Company incorporated.

* 1899 Standard Time Stamp Company acquired by Bundy Manufacturing Company.

* 1900

* International Time Recording Company incorporated, acquiring the time-recording business of the Bundy Manufacturing Company and the Willard 1900, Endicott), and the Computing Scale Company of America (1901, Dayton, Ohio). However, there was no merger, it was an amalgamation , and an amalgamation of four, not three, companies. The 1911 CTR stock prospectus states that the Bundy Manufacturing
Manufacturing
Company was also included. While ITR had acquired its time recording business in 1900 Bundy had remained a separate entity producing an adding machine and other wares.

* The Tabulating Machine Company * Computing Scale Corporation * International Time Recording Company * Bundy Manufacturing Company

CTR owned the stock of the four companies; CTR neither produced nor sold any product; the four companies continued to operate, as before, under their own names. CTR was renamed "IBM" in 1924. The separate companies were integrated in 1933 and the holding company eliminated.

ACQUISITIONS DURING 1912–1999

1912–1929

* 1917

* American Automatic Scale Company acquired as International Scale Company. * CTR consolidates three already-existing Canadian companies: The Canadian Tabulating Machine Co., Ltd, the International Time Recording Co. of Canada, Ltd., and the Computing Scale Co. of Canada, Ltd., in a new holding company, International Business Machines Co., Ltd.

* 1921

* Pierce Accounting Machine Company (asset purchase). * Ticketograph Company (of Chicago).

* 1923

* Dehomag
Dehomag

1930–1949

* 1930 Automatic Accounting Scale Company. * 1932 National Counting Scale Company. * 1933 Electromatic Typewriters Inc. (See: IBM
IBM
Electromatic typewriter ) * 1941 Munitions Manufacturing
Manufacturing
Corporation.

1950–1969

* 1959 Pierce Wire Recorder Corporation. * 1964 Science Research Associates .

1970–1989

* 1974 CML Satellite Corporation; renamed Satellite Business Systems (SBS). * 1984 ROLM * 1986 RealCom Communications Corporation.

1990–1999

* 1994

* Transarc ( Transarc Corporation bought by IBM
IBM
in 1994, became part of IBM
IBM
proper in 1999 as the IBM
IBM
Pittsburgh Lab)

* 1995

* Lotus Development Corporation for $3.5 billion. * ISM Canada. * K3 Group Ltd.

* 1996

* Wilkerson Group * Tivoli Systems, Inc. for $743 million. * Data Sciences Ltd, prior to 1991 named _Thorn EMI Software
Software
_, for £95 million. * Object Technology International (OTI) is acquired by IBM * Cyclade Consultants (Netherlands) * Fairway Technologies

* 1997

* Software
Software
Artistry for $200 million. * Unison Software. * Dominion Semiconductor
Semiconductor
(Manassas, VA) is created by forming a 50/50 joint venture with Toshiba
Toshiba
to produce 64MB and 256MB DRAM
DRAM
chips. Administrative offices are located in Building 131 the former IBM Federal Systems campus now primarily owned by Lockheed Martin; the new state-of-the-art fabrication facility was built from on adjacent land.

* 1998

* CommQuest Technologies. * DataBeam Corporation, Lexington, KY * Ubique Ltd. , Israel

* 1999

* Dascom Technologies (USA), A subsidiary of Dascom Holdings . * Mylex Corporation. * Sequent Computer Systems for $810 million.

ACQUISITIONS SINCE 2000

Number of acquisitions per year according to table below:

* In 2016 IBM
IBM
acquired 12 companies * In 2015 IBM
IBM
acquired 13 companies * In 2014 IBM
IBM
acquired 4 companies * In 2013 IBM
IBM
acquired 9 companies * In 2012 IBM
IBM
acquired 9 companies * In 2011 IBM
IBM
acquired 8 companies

ACQUISITION DATE COMPANY BUSINESS COUNTRY VALUE ( USD
USD
) REFERENCES

000000002001-06-07-0000June 7, 2001 Mainspring Business strategy consulting USA $7007800000000000000♠80,000,000

000000002001-07-02-0000July 2, 2001 Informix Corporation Database Software USA $7009100000000000000♠1,000,000,000

000000002002-01-14-0000Jan 14, 2002 CrossWorlds Software, Inc. Software
Software
USA $7008129000000000000♠129,000,000

000000002002-06-25-0000June 25, 2002 Metamerge Identity management NOR

000000002002-08-19-0000Aug 19, 2002 Trellisoft, Inc. Enterprise storage USA

000000002002-09-12-0000Sep 12, 2002 Holosofx, Inc. Business Process Management USA , EGY

000000002002-10-02-0000Oct 2, 2002 PWC Consulting from PricewaterhouseCoopers Business Consulting and Technology Services USA $7009350000000000000♠3,500,000,000

000000002002-10-06-0000Oct 6, 2002 Access360 Software
Software
USA

000000002002-10-07-0000Oct 7, 2002 EADS Matra Datavision Product lifecycle management
Product lifecycle management
USA

000000002002-11-15-0000Nov 15, 2002 Tarian Software Records Management CAN

000000002003-02-21-0000Feb 21, 2003 Rational Software
Software
Corporation Software
Software
Development USA $7009210000000000000♠2,100,000,000

000000002003-05-14-0000May 14, 2003 Think Dynamics Software
Software
CAN

000000002003-07-01-0000July 1, 2003 Information Laboratory Software
Software
USA

000000002003-07-15-0000July 15, 2003 Aptrix Software
Software
AUS

000000002003-10-17-0000Oct 17, 2003 CrossAccess Corporation Enterprise Information Integration USA

000000002003-11-13-0000Nov 13, 2003 Productivity Solutions, Inc. Automated Self-Checkout Systems USA

000000002003-12-17-0000Dec 17, 2003 Green Pasture Software, Inc. Content management software USA

000000002004-04-06-0000April 6, 2004 Trigo Technologies Product information management USA

000000002004-04-07-0000April 7, 2004 Daksh e-Services BPO Services IND $7008170000000000000♠170,000,000

000000002004-04-13-0000April 13, 2004 Business Continuity Services unit of Schlumberger IT Services FRA

000000002004-06-07-0000June 7, 2004 Candle Corporation Infrastructure management USA

000000002004-07-14-0000July 14, 2004 Alphablox Corporation Business Intelligence USA

000000002004-07-29-0000July 29, 2004 Cyanea Systems Application management software USA

000000002004-10-07-0000Oct 7, 2004 Venetica Enterprise Information Integration USA

000000002004-11-19-0000Nov 19, 2004 Systemcorp ALG Ltd. Project Portfolio Management (PPM) software CAN

000000002004-11-23-0000Nov 23, 2004 Liberty Insurance Services Business process services USA

000000002004-12-01-0000Dec 1, 2004 Maersk
Maersk
Data and DMdata from Maersk
Maersk
IT Services DEN

000000002004-12-13-0000Dec 13, 2004 KeyMRO Procurement Services FRA

000000002005-01-07-0000Jan 7, 2005 Systems Research speak:none">000000002005-03-16-0000March 16, 2005 Corio Application Services USA $7008182000000000000♠182,000,000

000000002005-04-29-0000April 29, 2005 Ascential Software
Software
Corporation Enterprise Information Integration USA $7009110000000000000♠1,100,000,000

000000002005-05-10-0000May 10, 2005 Gluecode Software Application Server USA

000000002005-06-23-0000June 23, 2005 Meiosys Application Management USA , FRA

000000002005-07-25-0000July 25, 2005 PureEdge Solutions, Inc. Electronic Forms CAN

000000002005-07-27-0000July 27, 2005 Isogon Corporation Asset Management USA

000000002005-08-02-0000Aug 2, 2005 DWL Enterprise Information Integration USA , CAN

000000002005-10-14-0000Oct 14, 2005 DataPower Technology, Inc. Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) USA

000000002005-11-01-0000Nov 1, 2005 iPhrase Systems, Inc. Information management software USA

000000002005-11-10-0000Nov 10, 2005 Network Solutions Pvt Ltd IT Services IND

000000002005-11-15-0000Nov 15, 2005 Collation, Inc. Network management USA

000000002005-12-20-0000Dec 20, 2005 Bowstreet, Inc. Portal-based tools USA

000000002006-01-27-0000Jan 27, 2006 ARGUS Semiconductor
Semiconductor
Software
Software
From INFICON Semiconductor
Semiconductor
Manufacturing
Manufacturing
software USA

000000002006-01-20-0000Jan 20, 2006 CIMS Lab, Inc. IT Financial Management USA

000000002006-02-08-0000Feb 8, 2006 Viacore, Inc. Supply chain optimization USA

000000002006-02-14-0000Feb 14, 2006 Micromuse, Inc. Network management USA $7008865000000000000♠865,000,000

000000002006-03-16-0000March 16, 2006 Language Analysis Systems Identity management USA

000000002006-05-02-0000May 2, 2006 BuildForge, Inc. Software
Software
Development USA

000000002006-05-05-0000May 5, 2006 Unicorn Solutions, Inc. Metadata
Metadata
management USA

000000002006-06-27-0000June 27, 2006 Rembo Technology Installation Software
Software
SUI

000000002006-08-01-0000Aug 1, 2006 Webify Solutions, Inc Service Oriented Architecture software USA

000000002006-09-06-0000Sep 6, 2006 Global Value Solutions IT Services BRA

000000002006-10-04-0000Oct 4, 2006 DORANA product line from Ubiquity Pty Limited Asset Management AUS

000000002006-10-05-0000Oct 5, 2006 MRO Software
Software
Asset Management USA $7008740000000000000♠740,000,000

000000002006-10-12-0000Oct 12, 2006 FileNet Corporation Content management software USA $7009160000000000000♠1,600,000,000

000000002006-10-20-0000Oct 20, 2006 Internet Security Systems (ISS) Information security USA $7009130000000000000♠1,300,000,000

000000002006-10-20-0000Oct 20, 2006 Palisades Technology Partners Management consulting USA

000000002007-01-22-0000Jan 22, 2007 Consul Risk Management, Inc. Information security NED

000000002007-02-13-0000Feb 13, 2007 Vallent Corporation Telecommunications Management USA

000000002007-03-01-0000March 1, 2007 Softek Storage Solutions Corporation Data Mobility USA

000000002007-03-18-0000March 18, 2007 BlackDot Networks, Inc. Enterprise Data Consulting USA

000000002007-04-20-0000April 20, 2007 Unicible IT Services SWI $7008460000000000000♠460,000,000

000000002007-07-20-0000July 20, 2007 Watchfire Corporation Security Software
Software
Testing USA

000000002007-08-21-0000Aug 21, 2007 WebDialogs Web conferencing and communications USA

000000002007-08-31-0000Aug 31, 2007 DataMirror Corporation Change Data Capture CAN $7008161000000000000♠161,000,000

000000002007-09-07-0000Sep 7, 2007 Qinnova, Inc. Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) CAN

000000002007-09-10-0000Sep 10, 2007 Princeton Softech, Inc. Business Intelligence USA

000000002007-10-24-0000Oct 24, 2007 NovusCG Storage Consulting and Technology Services USA

000000002008-01-02-0000Jan 2, 2008 XIV Enterprise storage ISR Over $300M

000000002008-01-18-0000Jan 18, 2008 AptSoft Corporation Business Intelligence USA

000000002008-01-29-0000Jan 29, 2008 Solid Information Technology Database Software USA , FIN

000000002008-01-31-0000Jan 31, 2008 Cognos Business Intelligence CAN $7009500000000000000♠5,000,000,000

000000002008-01-31-0000Jan 31, 2008 Arsenal Digital Solutions Data backup services USA

000000002008-02-15-0000Feb 15, 2008 Net Integration Technologies Inc. Business Server Software CAN

000000002008-03-11-0000March 11, 2008 Encentuate , Inc. Enterprise Single Sign-On USA

000000002008-04-03-0000April 3, 2008 Telelogic AB Enterprise software development SWE $7008845000000000000♠845,000,000

000000002008-04-18-0000April 18, 2008 Diligent Technologies Data De-duplication USA $200,000,000

000000002008-04-21-0000April 21, 2008 FilesX Application Recovery Software
Software
USA , ISR

000000002008-04-29-0000April 29, 2008 InfoDyne Corporation Data Feed Connectors USA

000000002008-07-02-0000July 2, 2008 Platform Solutions Mainframe, System Z technologies USA

000000002008-07-28-0000July 28, 2008 ILOG Business Rules Management Systems FRA $340,000,000

000000002008-11-18-0000Nov 18, 2008 Transitive Corporation Virtualization Software USA , UK

000000002009-01-15-0000Jan 15, 2009 Outblaze 's E-Mail Service Assets Online messaging and collaboration HKG

000000002009-05-05-0000May 5, 2009 Exeros Assets Data Discovery Software USA

000000002009-07-28-0000July 28, 2009 SPSS Inc. Statistical analysis software USA $1,200,000,000

000000002009-07-28-0000July 28, 2009 Ounce Labs Source code analysis USA

000000002009-09-22-0000September 22, 2009 RedPill Solutions Analytics and Optimisation Singapore
Singapore

000000002009-11-30-0000November 30, 2009 Guardium Database monitoring and protection USA , ISR

000000002009-12-16-0000December 16, 2009 Lombardi Business Process Management USA

000000002010-01-20-0000January 20, 2010 National Interest Security Company, LLC Public sector consulting USA

000000002010-02-03-0000February 3, 2010 Initiate Systems Data integrity software USA

000000002010-02-16-0000February 16, 2010 Intelliden Inc. Network Automation software USA

000000002010-05-03-0000May 3, 2010 Cast Iron Systems Cloud Integration USA $190,000,000

000000002010-05-24-0000May 24, 2010 Sterling Commerce Business software integration USA $1,400,000,000

000000002010-06-15-0000June 15, 2010 Coremetrics Web Analytics USA

000000002010-07-01-0000July 1, 2010 BigFix, Inc. Security and IT automation software USA

000000002010-07-29-0000July 29, 2010 Storwize Data Compression USA $140,000,000

000000002010-08-10-0000August 10, 2010 Datacap Data capture and Content Management USA

000000002010-08-13-0000August 13, 2010 Unica Corporation Marketing planning software USA $480,000,000

000000002010-09-15-0000September 15, 2010 OpenPages Integrated risk management solutions USA

000000002010-09-20-0000September 20, 2010 Netezza Data warehousing and analytics USA $1,700,000,000

000000002010-09-27-0000September 27, 2010 BLADE Network Technologies Networking USA

000000002010-10-13-0000October 13, 2010 PSS Systems Legal risk management USA

000000002010-10-21-0000October 21, 2010 Clarity Systems Financial governance CAN $350,000,000

000000002011-03-22-0000March 22, 2011 Tririga Inc. Facility and Real Estate Management USA

000000002011-08-31-0000August 31, 2011 i2 Limited Intelligence Analytics UK

000000002011-09-01-0000September 1, 2011 Algorithmics Inc. Risk Management CAN $387,000,000

000000002011-10-04-0000October 4, 2011 Q1 Labs Security Intelligence USA

000000002011-10-12-0000October 12, 2011 Platform Computing Cluster and Grid Management Software CAN

000000002011-12-05-0000December 5, 2011 Cúram Software
Software
Smarter Cities Ireland

000000002011-12-08-0000December 8, 2011 DemandTec Cloud-based Retail Analytics USA $440,000,000

000000002011-12-15-0000December 15, 2011 Emptoris Supply Chain Analytics USA

000000002012-01-04-0000January 4, 2012 Green Hat (software company) Cloud based software testing USA , UK

000000002012-01-31-0000January 31, 2012 Worklight Software
Software
Development Firm ISR $70,000,000

000000002012-04-13-0000April 13, 2012 Varicent Compensation and Sales Performance Management Software
Software
Solutions CAN

000000002012-04-25-0000April 25, 2012 Vivisimo Enterprise Search Software USA

000000002012-05-02-0000May 2, 2012 Tealeaf Technology Customer Experience Analytics Software USA

000000002012-08-16-0000August 16, 2012 Texas Memory Systems Solid State Storage USA

000000002012-08-27-0000August 27, 2012 Kenexa Corporation Human Capital Solutions USA $1,400,000,000

000000002012-09-24-0000September 24, 2012 Butterfly Software
Software
Ltd. Data Analysis and Migration Software UK

000000002012-12-19-0000December 19, 2012 StoredIQ Big Data Analysis USA

000000002013-02-01-0000February 1, 2013 Star Analytics Business Analytics USA

000000002013-04-22-0000April 22, 2013 UrbanCode Software
Software
delivery automation USA

000000002013-06-04-0000June 4, 2013 SoftLayer Technologies Cloud Computing Infrastructure USA $2,000,000,000

000000002013-07-09-0000July 9, 2013 CSL International Cloud Computing ISR Not Disclosed

000000002013-08-15-0000August 15, 2013 Trusteer Cyber Security ISR $1,000,000,000

000000002013-09-19-0000September 19, 2013 Daeja Image Systems Viewer for document management systems UK Not disclosed

000000002013-10-01-0000October 1, 2013 The Now Factory Mobile Networks Big Data Analytics Ireland Not disclosed

000000002013-10-03-0000October 3, 2013 Xtify In-app mobile messaging and push notification tools USA Not disclosed

000000002013-11-13-0000November 13, 2013 Fiberlink Communications Mobile Device Management USA $330,000,000

000000002013-12-19-0000December 19, 2013 Aspera, Inc. Data Transfer Technology USA Not disclosed

000000002014-02-24-0000February 24, 2014 Cloudant, Inc. Database-as-a-Service USA Not disclosed

000000002014-04-10-0000April 10, 2014 Silverpop Systems, Inc. Behavioral Marketing Automation USA Not disclosed

000000002014-07-31-0000July 31, 2014 CrossIdeas Cloud Security (Identity and Access Governance ) ITA Not disclosed

000000002014-08-11-0000August 11, 2014 Lighthouse Security Group Cloud Security USA Not disclosed

000000002015-03-04-0000March 4, 2015 AlchemyAPI Natural language processing , big data USA Not disclosed

000000002015-03-27-0000March 27, 2015 Blekko
Blekko
Web Search Engine, Cognitive Computing USA Not disclosed

April 13, 2015 Explorys Healthcare analytics USA Not disclosed

April 13, 2015 Phytel Health management software USA Not disclosed

June 3, 2015 Bluebox Private Cloud as a Service USA Not disclosed

July 23, 2015 Compose Inc. Database as a Service USA Not disclosed

August 6, 2015 Merge Healthcare Inc. Healthcare imaging software USA $1,000,000,000

September 10, 2015 StrongLoop Inc. Mobile API capabilities USA Not disclosed

September 28, 2015 Meteorix LLC Consulting services for Workday applications USA Not disclosed

October 28, 2015 The Weather Company digital assets Weather data sources and analytics, related online and mobile products USA Not disclosed

November 3, 2015 Gravitant, Inc Cloud brokerage software and cloud management USA Not disclosed

November 6, 2015 Cleversafe Object-based storage software USA $1,309,000,000

December 8, 2015 Clearleap Cloud-based video management USA Not disclosed

January 15, 2016 Iris Analytics Real time transaction fraud detection GER Not disclosed

January 21, 2016 Ustream Streaming video USA Not disclosed

January 28, 2016 Resource/Ammirati Digital marketing and creative agency USA Not disclosed

February 2, 2016 Aperto AG Digital marketing and creative agency GER Not disclosed

February 3, 2016 ecx.io AG Digital marketing and creative agency GER Not disclosed

February 18, 2016 Truven Health Analytics Provider of cloud-based healthcare data, analytics and insights USA $2,600,000,000

February 29, 2016 Resilient Systems Cyber security, incident response platform USA Not disclosed

March 18, 2016 Optevia Specialist provider of Microsoft Dynamics CRM based solutions and associated services to the public sector UK Not disclosed

March 31, 2016 Blue Wolf Group LLC Salesforce systems integrator and professional services USA $200,000,000

June 1, 2016 EZSource Application discovery and dashboard visualization Israel
Israel
Not disclosed

September 29, 2016 Promontory Financial Group Risk management and regulatory compliance USA Not disclosed

October 27, 2016 Sanovi Technologies Hybrid cloud recovery IND Not disclosed

February 3, 2017 Agile 3 Solutions Information security USA Not disclosed

May 31, 2017 XCC (divison of TIMETOACT) Collaboration software GER Not disclosed

SPINOFFS

* 1934 Dayton Scale Division is sold to the Hobart Manufacturing Company. * 1942 Ticketograph Division is sold to the National Postal Meter Company. * 1958 Time Equipment Division is sold to the Simplex Time Recorder Company . * 1974 Service Bureau Corporation sold to Control Data Corporation * 1984 Prodigy , formerly a joint venture with Sears, Roebuck and Company . * 1985 Satellite Business Systems sold to MCI Communications * 1988 Copier/Duplicator business, including service and support contracts, sold to Eastman Kodak . * ARDIS mobile packet network, a joint venture with Motorola
Motorola
. Now Motient. * 1991 Lexmark
Lexmark
(keyboards, typewriters, and printers). IBM
IBM
retained a 10% interest. Lexmark
Lexmark
has sold its keyboard and typewriter businesses. * 1991 Kaleida , a joint Multimedia software venture with Apple Computer . * 1992 Taligent , a joint software venture with Apple Computer . * 1992 IBM
IBM
Commercial Multimedia Technologies Group, spun off to form private company Fairway Technologies. * 1992 IBM
IBM
sells its remaining 50 percent stake in the Rolm Company to Siemens A.G. of Germany. * 1994 Xyratex enterprise data storage subsystems and network technology, formed in a management buy-out from IBM. * 1995 Advantis (Advanced Value-Added Networking Technology of IBM
IBM
& Sears), a voice and data network company. Joint Venture with IBM holding 70%, Sears holding 30%. AT&T acquires the infrastructure portion of Advantis in 1999, becoming the AT&T Global Network. IBM retained business and strategic outsourcing portions of the joint venture. * 1994 Federal Systems Division sold to Loral becoming Loral Federal Systems. The Federal Systems Division performed work for NASA. Loral was later acquired by Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
. * 1996 Celestica , Electronic Manufacturing
Manufacturing
Services (EMS). * 1998 IBM
IBM
Global Network sold to AT&T to form AT&T Business Internet . * 1999 Dominion Semiconductor
Semiconductor
(DSC) IBM
IBM
sells its 50% share to JV partner Toshiba
Toshiba
. DSC becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of Toshiba. * 2001 Information Services Extended department, developer of specialized databases and software for telephone directory assistance, is spun off to form privately held company ISx, Inc (later sold to Local Matters). * December 31, 2002 IBM
IBM
sells its HDD business to Hitachi Global Storage Technologies for approximately $2 billion. Hitachi Global Storage Technologies now provides many of the hardware storage devices formerly provided by IBM, including IBM
IBM
Harddrives -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ Austrian (1982) p.312 * ^ Belden, Martin; Belden, Marva (1961). _The Lengthening Shadow - The Life of Thomas J. Watson_, Little, Brown; p.92 * ^ " IBM
IBM
Archives: Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (1911-1924)". * ^ NY Times June 10, 1911 _Tabulating Concerns Unite: Flint Company (17 June 1911). _ United States
United States
Investor_. 22, Part 2. p. 1298 (26). * ^ Rodgers, Williams (1969). _THINK_. Stein and Day. p. 83. * ^ Moody's 1918 Manual of Railroads and Corporation Securities * ^ Aspray (ed.), William (1990). _Computing Before Computers_. Iowa State University Press. p. 137. ISBN 0-8138-0047-1 . CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ "Acquisition To Bolster Ibm\'s Networking". _Bloomberg Business News_. SunSentinel.com. 17 August 1994. Retrieved 2 November 2011. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to acquire Data Sciences". _Strait Times_. Retrieved 29 August 2012. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Mainspring Acquisition" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2001-06-07. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Informix Database Assets" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2001-07-02. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of CrossWorlds Software" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2002-01-14. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Metamerge, Adds Directory Integration Software
Software
to IBM\'s Infrastructure Portfolio" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2002-06-25. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires TrelliSoft, Extends Leadership in Storage Management Software
Software
Market" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2002-08-29. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Holosofx to Extend WebSphere Business Integration Software
Software
Portfolio" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2002-09-12. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ "IBM, PricewaterhouseCoopers Complete Sale of PwC Consulting" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2002-10-02. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Access360" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2002-09-03. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
To Acquire EADS Matra Datavision" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2002-10-07. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition Of Tarian Software" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2002-11-15. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Rational Software" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2003-02-21. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Think Dynamics" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2003-05-13. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ "Missing Ref" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Aptrix; Strengthens its Software
Software
Portfolio with Web Content Management Software" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2003-07-15. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire CrossAccess Technology, Extends Leadership in Information Integration" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2003-10-14. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Retail Self-Checkout Leader, PSI" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2003-11-13. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Green Pasture Software, Extends Leadership in Enterprise Content Management" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2003-12-17. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Trigo Technologies" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2004-04-06. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
in $170m Indian call centre deal" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2004-04-07. Retrieved 2008-10-27. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires the Business Continuity Services unit of Schlumberger" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2004-04-13. Retrieved 2008-06-02.

* ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Candle Corporation" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2004-06-07. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Alphablox Corporation, Strengthens Leadership in Business Intelligence" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2004-07-14. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
To Acquire Cyanea" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2004-07-29. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Venetica" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2004-10-07. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Systemcorp" (Press release). IBM . 2004-12-19. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Liberty Insurance Services" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2004-11-23. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Increases Consulting and IT Services Capability with Acquisitions and Seals Services Deals Worth in Excess of $1 Billion" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire KeyMRO, Procurement Services Leader in Europe and North America" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2004-12-13. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires SRD, Breaks New Ground in Identity Resolution Software" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-01-07. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Corio" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-03-16. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition Of Ascential Software" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-05-02. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Gluecode Software; Acquisition Builds On IBM Support For Open Source Technology; Expands Customer And Business Partner Choice For WebSphere Software" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-05-10. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Meiosys" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-06-23. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Formally Acquires PureEdge Solutions Inc., Pledges Support for Emerging Electronic Forms Standard Called Xforms" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-08-05. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Isogon Corporation" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-07-27. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Formally Acquires DWL, Enhancing Data Integration Portfolio" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-09-01. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ "http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/7952.wss" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-10-18. Retrieved 2008-06-02. External link in title= (help ) * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires the Business of iPhrase Systems, Inc." (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-11-01. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Collation" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-11-16. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Bowstreet, Inc. to Help
Help
Customers Quickly Create Portals that Integrate Existing Business Applications" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-12-20. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires ARGUS Semiconductor
Semiconductor
Software
Software
From INFICON" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-01-27. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires CIMS Lab, Inc." (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-01-25. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Enhance Its Supply Chain BTO Offering" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-02-08. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Micromuse Inc." (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-02-15. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ "Ibm To Acquire Language Analysis Systems, Inc." (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-03-16. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires BuildForge, Inc. to Help
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Organizations Meet Compliance Demands" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-05-02. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires the Business of Unicorn Solutions, Inc." (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-05-08. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires the Business of Unicorn Solutions, Inc. Archived version from web.archive.org" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2008-06-19. Archived from the original on 2008-06-19. Retrieved 2008-06-02. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) * ^ " IBM
IBM
To Acquire Rembo Technology to Automate Software Installation" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-05-18. Retrieved 2008-06-02.

* ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Webify" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-08-02. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Full Ownership of Brazilian SMB Services Firm Global Value Solutions" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-09-06. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Ubiquity\'s DORANA Product Line" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-10-04. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of MRO Software, Inc." (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-10-05. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of FileNet Corporation" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-10-12. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Internet Security Systems" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-10-20. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes the Acquisition of Palisades Technology Partners" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2006-11-10. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Consul" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2007-01-24. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Vallent" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2007-02-14. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Softek" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
and Switzerland\'s Banque Cantonale Vaudoise in $460 Million, 5-Year Services Agreement" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2007-04-20. Retrieved 2010-09-27. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Watchfire" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2007-07-23. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires WebDialogs to Expand Web Conferencing Capabilities in Industry-Leading Lotus Sametime" (Press release). IBM . 2007-08-22. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of DataMirror" (Press release). IBM . 2007-09-04. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Formally Acquires PureEdge Solutions Inc., Pledges Support for Emerging Electronic Forms Standard Called Xforms" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2005-09-13. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Princeton Softech" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2007-09-13. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Storage Solutions Company NovusCG" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires XIV" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2008-01-02. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires AptSoft to Expand Portfolio in Burgeoning Business Events Software
Software
Market" (Press release). IBM
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. 2008-01-23. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Solid Information Technology to Broaden Information on Demand Portfolio" (Press release). IBM
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. 2007-12-21. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Cognos" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2008-01-31. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Arsenal Digital Solutions" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2008-02-01. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Reaches Agreement to Acquire Net Integration Technologies Inc." (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2008-01-18. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Encentuate" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2008-03-12. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Telelogic AB" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2008-04-03. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Storage Company Diligent Technologies" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2008-04-18. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of FilesX" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires InfoDyne to Create World-Class Platform for Market Data Delivery" (Press release). IBM
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. 2008-04-29. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Platform Solutions" (Press release). IBM
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. 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2009-03-23. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Announces Plans to Acquire ILOG" (Press release). IBM
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. 2008-07-28. Retrieved 2008-07-29. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Announces Plans to Acquire Transitive" (Press release). IBM
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. 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2009-03-23. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Announces Intent to Acquire Outblaze\'s E-Mail Service Assets" (Press release). IBM
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. 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2009-03-23. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Exeros Assets" (Press release). IBM
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. 2009-05-05. Retrieved 2009-05-05. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire SPSS Inc. to Provide Clients Predictive Analytics Capabilities" (Press release). IBM
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. 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2009-07-28. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Ounce Labs, Inc." (Press release). IBM
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. 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2009-07-28. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires RedPill Solutions" (Press release). IBM
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. 2009-09-22. Retrieved 2009-09-22. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Guardium". Taume News. 2009-11-30. Retrieved 2009-12-01. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Lombardi" (Press release). IBM
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. 2009-12-16. Retrieved 2009-12-16. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to National Interest Security Company" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2010-01-20. Retrieved 2010-01-20. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Initiate Systems" (Press release). IBM
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. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-02-04. * ^ " IBM
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to Acquire Intelliden Inc." (Press release). IBM
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. 2010-02-16. Retrieved 2010-02-16. * ^ "The Huge Value Sequoia Capital And Other Venture Capitalists Help
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Advances Cloud Initiatives with Acquisition of Cast Iron Systems" (Press release). IBM
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. 2010-02-16. Retrieved 2010-05-03. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Agrees to Acquire Sterling Commerce from AT&T for $1.4 Billion" (Press release). IBM
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. 2010-05-24. Retrieved 2010-05-24. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Advances Analytics With Acquisition of Coremetrics" (Press release). IBM
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. 2010-06-15. Retrieved 2010-06-15. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire BigFix to Advance Smarter Data Centers" (Press release). IBM
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. 2010-07-01. Retrieved 2010-07-01. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Storwize for Data Compression Capabilities" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2010-07-29. Retrieved 2010-07-29. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Datacap" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2010-08-10. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Unica Corporation" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2010-08-13. Retrieved 2010-08-13. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire OpenPages" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2010-09-15. Retrieved 2010-09-15. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Netezza" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2010-09-20. Retrieved 2010-09-20. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire BLADE Network Technologies" (Press release). IBM
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. 2010-09-27. Retrieved 2010-12-09. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires PSS Systems" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2010-10-13. Retrieved 2010-10-13. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Clarity Systems" (Press release). IBM
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. 2010-10-21. Retrieved 2010-10-21. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire TRIRIGA, Inc. to Accelerate Smarter Buildings Transformation" (Press release). IBM
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. 2011-03-22. Retrieved 2011-03-22. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire i2 to Accelerate Big Data Analytics to Transform Global Cities" (Press release). IBM
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. 2011-08-31. Retrieved 2011-08-31. * ^ Algorithmics Inc. official website * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Algorithmics" (Press release). IBM
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. 2011-08-31. Retrieved 2011-09-01. * ^ Q1 Labs official website * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Q1 Labs to Drive Greater Security Intelligence" (Press release). IBM
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. 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2011-10-31. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire System Software
Software
Company Platform Computing to Extend Reach of Technical Computing" (Press release). IBM
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. 2011-10-12. Retrieved 2011-10-12. * ^ " IBM
IBM
extends Smarter Cities initiative through acquisition of Cúram Software" (Press release). IBM
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. 2011-12-05. Retrieved 2012-02-23. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire DemandTec to Expand Cloud-Based Analytics for Smarter Commerce" (Press release). IBM
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. 2011-12-08. Retrieved 2011-12-13. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquisition of Emptoris Bolsters Smarter Commerce Initiative, Helps Reduce Procurement Costs and Risks" (Press release). IBM
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. 2011-12-15. Retrieved 2011-12-15. * ^ Green Hat official website * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Green Hat" (Press release). IBM
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. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2012-01-04. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Advances Mobile Capabilities with Acquisition of Worklight" (Press release). IBM
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Broadens Analytics Portfolio with Acquisition of Varicent Software" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2012-04-13. Retrieved 2012-04-13. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Advances Big Data Analytics with Acquisition of Vivisimo" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2012-04-25. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Tealeaf Technology, Inc. to Help
Help
Marketers Deliver Exceptional Digital Experience for Smarter Commerce" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2012-05-02. Retrieved 2012-05-25. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Plans to Acquire Texas Memory Systems" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2012-08-16. Retrieved 2012-08-16. * ^ IBM’s acquisition of Kenexa ($1.4 billion, 4.1x) * ^ " IBM
IBM
To Buy Social-Business Company Kenexa For $1.3 Billion". Bloomberg . 2012-08-28. Retrieved 2012-08-28. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Advances Storage Capabilities with Acquisition of Butterfly Software" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2012-09-24. * ^ " IBM
IBM
To Acquire StoredIQ" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2012-12-19. Retrieved 2012-12-19. * ^ " IBM
IBM
To Acquire Star Analytics, Inc" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2013-02-01. Retrieved 2013-02-01. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Completes Acquisition of Star Analytics, Inc." (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2013-03-19. Retrieved 2013-03-19. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires UrbanCode to Help
Help
Businesses Rapidly Deliver Mobile, Cloud, Big Data and Social Software" (Press release). IBM
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. 2013-04-22. Retrieved 2013-02-01. * ^ I.B.M. Buys Cloud Computing Firm in Deal Said to Be Worth $2 Billion * ^ " IBM
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to Acquire SoftLayer to Accelerate Adoption of Cloud Computing in the Enterprise" (Press release). IBM
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. 2013-06-04. Retrieved 2013-06-04. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Accelerates Cloud Computing on System z with Acquisition of CSL International" (Press release). IBM
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. 2013-07-09. Retrieved 2013-07-09. * ^ IBM
IBM
says it will buy Trusteer, source says paying close to $1 billion * ^ " IBM
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to Acquire Trusteer to Help
Help
Companies Combat Financial Fraud and Advanced Security Threats" (Press release). IBM
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. 2013-08-15. Retrieved 2013-08-15. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Daeja Image Systems Ltd." (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2013-09-19. Retrieved 2013-09-25. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires The Now Factory" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2013-10-01. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Xtify to Help
Help
Digital Marketers Reach Mobile Customers" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2013-10-03. Retrieved 2013-10-03. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Fiberlink Communications, Transforming the Mobile Management and Security Market" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2013-11-13. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to acquire Aspera, Inc." (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2013-12-19. Retrieved 2013-12-19. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire Cloudant: Open, Cloud Database Service Helps Organizations Simplify Mobile, Web App and Big Data Development" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2014-02-24. Retrieved 2014-02-24. * ^ " IBM
IBM
To Acquire Silverpop To Help
Help
Marketers Deliver Personalized Customer Engagements" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2014-04-10. Retrieved 2014-04-10. * ^ " IBM
IBM
acquires CrossIdeas to Expand Security Offerings with Identity Intelligence" (Press release). IBM
IBM
. 2014-07-31. Retrieved 2014-07-31. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Cloud Security Services Provider Lighthouse Security Group" (Press release). IBM
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. 2014-08-11. Retrieved 2014-08-11. * ^ " IBM
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buys AlchemyAPI to boost Watson computing unit" (Press release). Reuters
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. 2015-03-27. Retrieved 2016-01-09. * ^ " IBM
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Acquires Explorys to Accelerate Cognitive Insights for Health and Wellness". 2015-04-13. Retrieved 2015-04-13. * ^ " IBM
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to Acquire Phytel to Help
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Healthcare Providers Deliver Higher Value Care". 2015-04-13. Retrieved 2015-04-13. * ^ " IBM
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Acquires Blue Box to Accelerate Open Hybrid Clouds". _www-03.ibm.com_. Retrieved 2015-06-17. * ^ _A_ _B_ " IBM
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Acquires Compose Inc.". _www-03.ibm.com_. Retrieved 2015-06-17. * ^ "Watson to Gain Ability to "See" with Planned $1B Acquisition of Merge Healthcare". _www-03.ibm.com_. Retrieved 2015-08-06. * ^ " IBM
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Acquires StrongLoop to Extend Enterprise Reach using IBM Cloud". _www-03.ibm.com_. Retrieved 2015-09-10. * ^ " IBM
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Plans to Acquire Meteorix, a Leading Workday Services Partner". _www-03.ibm.com_. Retrieved 2015-09-28. * ^ " IBM
IBM
to Acquire the Weather Company". _The New York Times_. Retrieved 28 October 2015. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Agrees to Acquire Weather Channel\'s Digital Assets". _Bloomberg_. Retrieved 28 October 2015. * ^ "Storms Are In, Reality Shows Out As Weather Channel Gets Back to Basics". _Variety_. Retrieved 29 October 2015. * ^ " IBM
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Plans to Acquire The Weather Company’s Product and Technology Businesses; Extends Power of Watson to the Internet of Things". _www-03.ibm.com_. Retrieved 2015-11-02. * ^ https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/51143/000104746916010329/a2226548zex-13.htm * ^ " IBM
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Completes Acquisition of Cleversafe". _www-03.ibm.com_. 2015-11-06. Retrieved 2015-11-30. * ^ " IBM
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Snags Clearleap Video Service As It Continues To Pick Off Strategic Cloud Properties". _TechCrunch_. Retrieved 21 January 2016. * ^ " IBM
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Acquires IRIS Analytics, Strengthening Fraud Detection Analytics". _www-03.ibm.com_. 2016-01-15. Retrieved 2016-01-15. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Confirms Acquisition Of UStream, Forms New Cloud Video Unit". _TechCrunch_. Retrieved 21 January 2016. * ^ " IBM
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Plans to Acquire Resource/Ammirati to Address Surging Client Demand for the Next Great Customer Experience". _www-03.ibm.com_. 2016-01-28. Retrieved 2016-01-28. * ^ " IBM
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Signs Agreement to Acquire Aperto to Meet Growing Client Need for Digital Transformation". _www-03.ibm.com_. 2016-02-02. Retrieved 2016-02-03. * ^ " IBM
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Signs Agreement to Acquire ecx.io to Deliver Stellar Customer Experiences". _www-03.ibm.com_. 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2016-02-03. * ^ " IBM
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Watson Health Announces Plans to Acquire Truven Health Analytics for $2.6B, Extending Its Leadership in Value-Based Care Solutions". _www-0e.ibm.com_. Retrieved 19 February 2016. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Security To Expand Incident Response Capabilities With Plans To Acquire Resilient Systems". _www-0e.ibm.com_. Retrieved 9 March 2016. * ^ " IBM
IBM
Acquires Optevia, Expanding Role as Solutions Provider for Public Sector Clients". Retrieved 1 June 2016. * ^ "