The Info List - List Of Mergers And Acquisitions By IBM

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The following is a partial list of IBM precursors, acquisitions and spinoffs. IBM has undergone a large number of mergers and acquisitions during a corporate history lasting over a century; the company has also produced a number of spinoffs during that time. The acquisition date listed is the date of the agreement between IBM and the subject of the acquisition. The value of each acquisition is listed in USD because IBM is based in the United States. If the value of an acquisition is not listed, then it is undisclosed. This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.


1 Precursors 1889–1910 2 Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company, 1911 3 Acquisitions during 1912–1999

3.1 1912–1929 3.2 1930–1949 3.3 1950–1969 3.4 1970–1989 3.5 1990–1999

4 Acquisitions since 2000 5 Spinoffs 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Precursors 1889–1910[edit]

1889 Bundy Manufacturing Company incorporated. 1891 Computing Scale Company incorporated. 1893 Dey Patents Company (soon renamed the Dey Time Register Company) incorporated. 1894 Willard & Frick Manufacturing Company (Rochester, New York) incorporated. 1896

Detroit Automatic Scale Company incorporated. The Tabulating Machine Company incorporated.

1899 Standard Time Stamp Company acquired by Bundy Manufacturing Company. 1900

International Time Recording Company incorporated, acquiring the time-recording business of the Bundy Manufacturing Company and the Willard & Frick Manufacturing Company (Rochester). Chicago Time-Register Company acquired by International Time Recording Company. Dayton Moneyweight Scale Company acquired by Computing Scale Company. Detroit Automatic Scale Company acquired by Computing Scale Company.

1907 Dey Time Register Company acquired by International Time Recording Company. 1908 Syracuse Time Recorder Company acquired by International Time Recording Company.

Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company, 1911[edit] Since the 1960s or earlier, IBM has described its formation as a merger of three companies: The Tabulating Machine Company (1880s origin in Washington, DC), the International Time Recording Company (ITR; 1900, Endicott), and the Computing Scale Company of America (1901, Dayton, Ohio).[1][2][3] However, there was no merger, it was an amalgamation, and an amalgamation of four, not three, companies.[4] The 1911 CTR stock prospectus states that the Bundy Manufacturing Company was also included.[5] While ITR had acquired its time recording business in 1900 Bundy had remained a separate entity producing an adding machine and other wares.

The Tabulating Machine Company Computing Scale Corporation International Time Recording Company Bundy Manufacturing Company

CTR owned the stock of the four companies; CTR neither produced nor sold any product; the four companies continued to operate, as before, under their own names. CTR was renamed "IBM" in 1924. The separate companies were integrated in 1933 and the holding company eliminated.[6] Acquisitions during 1912–1999[edit]



American Automatic Scale Company acquired as International Scale Company. CTR consolidates three already-existing Canadian companies: The Canadian Tabulating Machine Co., Ltd, the International Time Recording Co. of Canada, Ltd., and the Computing Scale Co. of Canada, Ltd., in a new holding company, International Business Machines Co., Ltd.[7]


Pierce Accounting Machine Company (asset purchase). Ticketograph Company (of Chicago).




1930 Automatic Accounting Scale Company. 1932 National Counting Scale Company. 1933 Electromatic Typewriters Inc. (See: IBM Electromatic typewriter) 1941 Munitions Manufacturing Corporation.


1959 Pierce Wire Recorder Corporation. 1964 Science Research Associates.


1974 CML Satellite Corporation; renamed Satellite Business Systems (SBS). 1984 ROLM 1986 RealCom Communications Corporation.



Transarc (Transarc Corporation bought by IBM in 1994, became part of IBM proper in 1999 as the IBM Pittsburgh Lab)[9]


Lotus Development Corporation for $3.5 billion. ISM Canada. K3 Group Ltd.


Wilkerson Group Tivoli Systems, Inc. for $743 million. Data Sciences Ltd, prior to 1991 named Thorn EMI Software, for £95 million.[10] Object Technology International (OTI) is acquired by IBM Cyclade Consultants (Netherlands) Fairway Technologies


Software Artistry for $200 million. Unison Software. Dominion Semiconductor (Manassas, VA) is created by forming a 50/50 joint venture with Toshiba to produce 64MB and 256MB DRAM chips. Administrative offices are located in Building 131 the former IBM Federal Systems campus now primarily owned by Lockheed Martin; the new state-of-the-art fabrication facility was built from on adjacent land.


CommQuest Technologies. DataBeam Corporation, Lexington, KY Ubique Ltd., Israel


Dascom Technologies (USA), A subsidiary of Dascom Holdings. Mylex Corporation. Sequent Computer Systems for $810 million.

Acquisitions since 2000[edit] Number of acquisitions per year according to table below:

In 2017 IBM acquired 3 companies In 2016 IBM acquired 12 companies In 2015 IBM acquired 13 companies In 2014 IBM acquired 4 companies In 2013 IBM acquired 9 companies In 2012 IBM acquired 9 companies In 2011 IBM acquired 8 companies

Acquisition Date Company Business Country Value (USD) References

000000002001-06-07-0000June 7, 2001 Mainspring Business strategy consulting  USA $7007800000000000000♠80,000,000 [11]

000000002001-07-02-0000July 2, 2001 Informix Corporation Database Software  USA $7009100000000000000♠1,000,000,000 [12]

000000002002-01-14-0000Jan 14, 2002 CrossWorlds Software, Inc. Software  USA $7008129000000000000♠129,000,000 [13]

000000002002-06-25-0000June 25, 2002 Metamerge Identity management  NOR


000000002002-08-19-0000Aug 19, 2002 Trellisoft, Inc. Enterprise storage  USA


000000002002-09-12-0000Sep 12, 2002 Holosofx, Inc. Business Process Management  USA,  EGY


000000002002-10-02-0000Oct 2, 2002 PWC Consulting from PricewaterhouseCoopers Business Consulting and Technology Services  USA $7009350000000000000♠3,500,000,000 [17]

000000002002-10-06-0000Oct 6, 2002 Access360 Software  USA


000000002002-10-07-0000Oct 7, 2002 EADS Matra Datavision Product lifecycle management  USA


000000002002-11-15-0000Nov 15, 2002 Tarian Software Records Management  CAN


000000002003-02-21-0000Feb 21, 2003 Rational Software Corporation Software Development  USA $7009210000000000000♠2,100,000,000 [21]

000000002003-05-14-0000May 14, 2003 Think Dynamics Software  CAN


000000002003-07-01-0000July 1, 2003 Information Laboratory Software  USA


000000002003-07-15-0000July 15, 2003 Aptrix Software  AUS


000000002003-10-17-0000Oct 17, 2003 CrossAccess Corporation Enterprise Information Integration  USA


000000002003-11-13-0000Nov 13, 2003 Productivity Solutions, Inc. Automated Self-Checkout Systems  USA


000000002003-12-17-0000Dec 17, 2003 Green Pasture Software, Inc. Content management software  USA


000000002004-04-06-0000April 6, 2004 Trigo Technologies Product information management  USA


000000002004-04-07-0000April 7, 2004 Daksh e-Services BPO Services  IND $7008170000000000000♠170,000,000 [29]

000000002004-04-13-0000April 13, 2004 Business Continuity Services unit of Schlumberger IT Services  FRA


000000002004-06-07-0000June 7, 2004 Candle Corporation Infrastructure management  USA


000000002004-07-14-0000July 14, 2004 Alphablox Corporation Business Intelligence  USA


000000002004-07-29-0000July 29, 2004 Cyanea Systems Application management software  USA


000000002004-10-07-0000Oct 7, 2004 Venetica Enterprise Information Integration  USA


000000002004-11-19-0000Nov 19, 2004 Systemcorp ALG Ltd. Project Portfolio Management (PPM) software  CAN


000000002004-11-23-0000Nov 23, 2004 Liberty Insurance Services Business process services  USA


000000002004-12-01-0000Dec 1, 2004 Maersk Data and DMdata from Maersk IT Services  DEN


000000002004-12-13-0000Dec 13, 2004 KeyMRO Procurement Services  FRA


000000002005-01-07-0000Jan 7, 2005 Systems Research & Development Identity management  USA


000000002005-03-16-0000March 16, 2005 Corio Application Services  USA $7008182000000000000♠182,000,000 [40]

000000002005-04-29-0000April 29, 2005 Ascential Software Corporation Enterprise Information Integration  USA $7009110000000000000♠1,100,000,000 [41]

000000002005-05-10-0000May 10, 2005 Gluecode Software Application Server  USA


000000002005-06-23-0000June 23, 2005 Meiosys Application Management  USA,  FRA


000000002005-07-25-0000July 25, 2005 PureEdge Solutions, Inc. Electronic Forms  CAN


000000002005-07-27-0000July 27, 2005 Isogon Corporation Asset Management  USA


000000002005-08-02-0000Aug 2, 2005 DWL Enterprise Information Integration  USA,  CAN


000000002005-10-14-0000Oct 14, 2005 DataPower Technology, Inc. Service Oriented Architecture (SOA)  USA


000000002005-11-01-0000Nov 1, 2005 iPhrase Systems, Inc. Information management software  USA


000000002005-11-10-0000Nov 10, 2005 Network Solutions Pvt Ltd IT Services  IND

000000002005-11-15-0000Nov 15, 2005 Collation, Inc. Network management  USA


000000002005-12-20-0000Dec 20, 2005 Bowstreet, Inc. Portal-based tools  USA


000000002006-01-27-0000Jan 27, 2006 ARGUS Semiconductor Software From INFICON Semiconductor Manufacturing software  USA


000000002006-01-20-0000Jan 20, 2006 CIMS Lab, Inc. IT Financial Management  USA


000000002006-02-08-0000Feb 8, 2006 Viacore, Inc. Supply chain optimization  USA


000000002006-02-14-0000Feb 14, 2006 Micromuse, Inc. Network management  USA $7008865000000000000♠865,000,000 [54]

000000002006-03-16-0000March 16, 2006 Language Analysis Systems Identity management  USA


000000002006-05-02-0000May 2, 2006 BuildForge, Inc. Software Development  USA


000000002006-05-05-0000May 5, 2006 Unicorn Solutions, Inc. Metadata management  USA

[57] [58]

000000002006-06-27-0000June 27, 2006 Rembo Technology Installation Software   SUI


000000002006-08-01-0000Aug 1, 2006 Webify Solutions, Inc Service Oriented Architecture software  USA


000000002006-09-06-0000Sep 6, 2006 Global Value Solutions IT Services  BRA


000000002006-10-04-0000Oct 4, 2006 DORANA product line from Ubiquity Pty Limited Asset Management  AUS


000000002006-10-05-0000Oct 5, 2006 MRO Software Asset Management  USA $7008740000000000000♠740,000,000 [63]

000000002006-10-12-0000Oct 12, 2006 FileNet Corporation Content management software  USA $7009160000000000000♠1,600,000,000 [64]

000000002006-10-20-0000Oct 20, 2006 Internet Security Systems (ISS) Information security  USA $7009130000000000000♠1,300,000,000 [65]

000000002006-10-20-0000Oct 20, 2006 Palisades Technology Partners Management consulting  USA


000000002007-01-22-0000Jan 22, 2007 Consul Risk Management, Inc. Information security  NED


000000002007-02-13-0000Feb 13, 2007 Vallent Corporation Telecommunications Management  USA


000000002007-03-01-0000March 1, 2007 Softek Storage Solutions Corporation Data Mobility  USA


000000002007-03-18-0000March 18, 2007 BlackDot Networks, Inc. Enterprise Data Consulting  USA

000000002007-04-20-0000April 20, 2007 Unicible IT Services   SWI $7008460000000000000♠460,000,000 [70]

000000002007-07-20-0000July 20, 2007 Watchfire Corporation Security Software Testing  USA


000000002007-08-21-0000Aug 21, 2007 WebDialogs Web conferencing and communications  USA


000000002007-08-31-0000Aug 31, 2007 DataMirror Corporation Change Data Capture  CAN $7008161000000000000♠161,000,000 [73]

000000002007-09-07-0000Sep 7, 2007 Qinnova, Inc. Internet Protocol Television (IPTV)  CAN


000000002007-09-10-0000Sep 10, 2007 Princeton Softech, Inc. Business Intelligence  USA


000000002007-10-24-0000Oct 24, 2007 NovusCG Storage Consulting and Technology Services  USA


000000002008-01-02-0000Jan 2, 2008 XIV Enterprise storage  ISR Over $300M [77]

000000002008-01-18-0000Jan 18, 2008 AptSoft Corporation Business Intelligence  USA


000000002008-01-29-0000Jan 29, 2008 Solid Information Technology Database Software  USA,  FIN


000000002008-01-31-0000Jan 31, 2008 Cognos Business Intelligence  CAN $7009500000000000000♠5,000,000,000 [80]

000000002008-01-31-0000Jan 31, 2008 Arsenal Digital Solutions Data backup services  USA


000000002008-02-15-0000Feb 15, 2008 Net Integration Technologies Inc. Business Server Software  CAN


000000002008-03-11-0000March 11, 2008 Encentuate, Inc. Enterprise Single Sign-On  USA


000000002008-04-03-0000April 3, 2008 Telelogic AB Enterprise software development  SWE $7008845000000000000♠845,000,000 [84]

000000002008-04-18-0000April 18, 2008 Diligent Technologies Data De-duplication  USA $200,000,000 [85]

000000002008-04-21-0000April 21, 2008 FilesX Application Recovery Software  USA,  ISR


000000002008-04-29-0000April 29, 2008 InfoDyne Corporation Data Feed Connectors  USA


000000002008-07-02-0000July 2, 2008 Platform Solutions Mainframe, System Z technologies  USA


000000002008-07-28-0000July 28, 2008 ILOG Business Rules Management Systems  FRA $340,000,000 [89]

000000002008-11-18-0000Nov 18, 2008 Transitive Corporation Virtualization Software  USA,  UK


000000002009-01-15-0000Jan 15, 2009 Outblaze's E-Mail Service Assets Online messaging and collaboration  HKG


000000002009-05-05-0000May 5, 2009 Exeros Assets Data Discovery Software  USA


000000002009-07-28-0000July 28, 2009 SPSS Inc. Statistical analysis software  USA $1,200,000,000 [93]

000000002009-07-28-0000July 28, 2009 Ounce Labs Source code analysis  USA


000000002009-09-22-0000September 22, 2009 RedPill Solutions Analytics and Optimisation  Singapore


000000002009-11-30-0000November 30, 2009 Guardium Database monitoring and protection  USA,  ISR


000000002009-12-16-0000December 16, 2009 Lombardi Business Process Management  USA


000000002010-01-20-0000January 20, 2010 National Interest Security Company, LLC Public sector consulting  USA


000000002010-02-03-0000February 3, 2010 Initiate Systems Data integrity software  USA


000000002010-02-16-0000February 16, 2010 Intelliden Inc. Network Automation software  USA


000000002010-05-03-0000May 3, 2010 Cast Iron Systems Cloud Integration  USA $190,000,000 [101] [102]

000000002010-05-24-0000May 24, 2010 Sterling Commerce Business software integration  USA $1,400,000,000 [103]

000000002010-06-15-0000June 15, 2010 Coremetrics Web Analytics  USA


000000002010-07-01-0000July 1, 2010 BigFix, Inc. Security and IT automation software  USA


000000002010-07-29-0000July 29, 2010 Storwize Data Compression  USA $140,000,000 [106]

000000002010-08-10-0000August 10, 2010 Datacap Data capture and Content Management  USA


000000002010-08-13-0000August 13, 2010 Unica Corporation Marketing planning software  USA $480,000,000 [108]

000000002010-09-15-0000September 15, 2010 OpenPages Integrated risk management solutions  USA


000000002010-09-20-0000September 20, 2010 Netezza Data warehousing and analytics  USA $1,700,000,000 [110]

000000002010-09-27-0000September 27, 2010 BLADE Network Technologies Networking  USA


000000002010-10-13-0000October 13, 2010 PSS Systems Legal risk management  USA


000000002010-10-21-0000October 21, 2010 Clarity Systems Financial governance  CAN $350,000,000 [113]

000000002011-03-22-0000March 22, 2011 Tririga Inc. Facility and Real Estate Management  USA


000000002011-08-31-0000August 31, 2011 i2 Limited Intelligence Analytics  UK


000000002011-09-01-0000September 1, 2011 Algorithmics Inc.[116] Risk Management  CAN $387,000,000 [117]

000000002011-10-04-0000October 4, 2011 Q1 Labs[118] Security Intelligence  USA


000000002011-10-12-0000October 12, 2011 Platform Computing Cluster and Grid Management Software  CAN


000000002011-12-05-0000December 5, 2011 Cúram Software Smarter Cities  Ireland


000000002011-12-08-0000December 8, 2011 DemandTec Cloud-based Retail Analytics  USA $440,000,000 [122]

000000002011-12-15-0000December 15, 2011 Emptoris Supply Chain Analytics  USA


000000002012-01-04-0000January 4, 2012 Green Hat (software company)[124] Cloud based software testing  USA,  UK


000000002012-01-31-0000January 31, 2012 Worklight Software Development Firm  ISR $70,000,000 [126][127]

000000002012-04-13-0000April 13, 2012 Varicent Compensation and Sales Performance Management Software Solutions  CAN


000000002012-04-25-0000April 25, 2012 Vivisimo Enterprise Search Software  USA


000000002012-05-02-0000May 2, 2012 Tealeaf Technology Customer Experience Analytics Software  USA


000000002012-08-16-0000August 16, 2012 Texas Memory Systems Solid State Storage  USA


000000002012-08-27-0000August 27, 2012 Kenexa Corporation Human Capital Solutions  USA $1,400,000,000[132] [133]

000000002012-09-24-0000September 24, 2012 Butterfly Software Ltd. Data Analysis and Migration Software  UK


000000002012-12-19-0000December 19, 2012 StoredIQ Big Data Analysis  USA


000000002013-02-01-0000February 1, 2013 Star Analytics Business Analytics  USA


000000002013-04-22-0000April 22, 2013 UrbanCode Software delivery automation  USA


000000002013-06-04-0000June 4, 2013 SoftLayer Technologies Cloud Computing Infrastructure  USA $2,000,000,000[139] [140]

000000002013-07-09-0000July 9, 2013 CSL International Cloud Computing  ISR Not Disclosed [141]

000000002013-08-15-0000August 15, 2013 Trusteer Cyber Security  ISR $1,000,000,000[142] [143]

000000002013-09-19-0000September 19, 2013 Daeja Image Systems Viewer for document management systems  UK Not disclosed [144]

000000002013-10-01-0000October 1, 2013 The Now Factory Mobile Networks Big Data Analytics  Ireland Not disclosed [145]

000000002013-10-03-0000October 3, 2013 Xtify In-app mobile messaging and push notification tools  USA Not disclosed [146]

000000002013-11-13-0000November 13, 2013 Fiberlink Communications Mobile Device Management  USA $330,000,000 [147]

000000002013-12-19-0000December 19, 2013 Aspera, Inc. Data Transfer Technology  USA Not disclosed [148]

000000002014-02-24-0000February 24, 2014 Cloudant, Inc. Database-as-a-Service  USA Not disclosed [149]

000000002014-04-10-0000April 10, 2014 Silverpop Systems, Inc. Behavioral Marketing Automation  USA Not disclosed [150]

000000002014-07-31-0000July 31, 2014 CrossIdeas Cloud Security (Identity and Access Governance)  ITA Not disclosed [151]

000000002014-08-11-0000August 11, 2014 Lighthouse Security Group Cloud Security  USA Not disclosed [152]

000000002015-03-04-0000March 4, 2015 AlchemyAPI Natural language processing, big data  USA Not disclosed [153]

000000002015-03-27-0000March 27, 2015 Blekko Web Search Engine, Cognitive Computing  USA Not disclosed [154]

April 13, 2015 Explorys Healthcare analytics  USA Not disclosed [155]

April 13, 2015 Phytel Health management software  USA Not disclosed [156]

June 3, 2015 Bluebox Private Cloud as a Service  USA Not disclosed [157]

July 23, 2015 Compose Inc. Database as a Service  USA Not disclosed [158][158]

August 6, 2015 Merge Healthcare Inc. Healthcare imaging software  USA $1,000,000,000 [159]

September 10, 2015 StrongLoop Inc. Mobile API capabilities  USA Not disclosed [160]

September 28, 2015 Meteorix LLC Consulting services for Workday applications  USA Not disclosed [161]

October 28, 2015 The Weather Company digital assets Weather data sources and analytics, related online and mobile products  USA Not disclosed [162][163][164]

November 3, 2015 Gravitant, Inc Cloud brokerage software and cloud management  USA Not disclosed [165]

November 6, 2015 Cleversafe Object-based storage software  USA $1,309,000,000[166] [167]

December 8, 2015 Clearleap Cloud-based video management  USA Not disclosed [168]

January 15, 2016 Iris Analytics Real time transaction fraud detection  GER Not disclosed [169]

January 21, 2016 Ustream Streaming video  USA Not disclosed [170]

January 28, 2016 Resource/Ammirati Digital marketing and creative agency  USA Not disclosed [171]

February 2, 2016 Aperto AG Digital marketing and creative agency  GER Not disclosed [172]

February 3, 2016 ecx.io AG Digital marketing and creative agency  GER Not disclosed [173]

February 18, 2016 Truven Health Analytics Provider of cloud-based healthcare data, analytics and insights  USA $2,600,000,000 [174]

February 29, 2016 Resilient Systems Cyber security, incident response platform  USA Not disclosed [175]

March 18, 2016 Optevia Specialist provider of Microsoft Dynamics CRM based solutions and associated services to the public sector  UK Not disclosed [176]

March 31, 2016 Blue Wolf Group LLC Salesforce systems integrator and professional services  USA $200,000,000 [177]

June 1, 2016 EZSource Application discovery and dashboard visualization  Israel Not disclosed [178]

September 29, 2016 Promontory Financial Group Risk management and regulatory compliance  USA Not disclosed [179]

October 27, 2016 Sanovi Technologies Hybrid cloud recovery  IND Not disclosed [180]

February 3, 2017 Agile 3 Solutions Information security  USA Not disclosed [181]

May 31, 2017 XCC (division of TIMETOACT) Collaboration software  GER Not disclosed [182]

October 5, 2017 Vivant Digital Innovation Consultancy  AUS Not disclosed [183]


1934 Dayton Scale Division is sold to the Hobart Manufacturing Company. 1942 Ticketograph Division is sold to the National Postal Meter Company. 1958 Time Equipment Division is sold to the Simplex Time Recorder Company. 1974 Service Bureau Corporation sold to Control Data Corporation 1984 Prodigy, formerly a joint venture with Sears, Roebuck and Company. 1985 Satellite Business Systems sold to MCI Communications 1988 Copier/Duplicator business, including service and support contracts, sold to Eastman Kodak.[184][185] ARDIS mobile packet network, a joint venture with Motorola. Now Motient. 1991 Lexmark (keyboards, typewriters, and printers). IBM retained a 10% interest. Lexmark has sold its keyboard and typewriter businesses. 1991 Kaleida, a joint Multimedia software venture with Apple Computer. 1992 Taligent, a joint software venture with Apple Computer. 1992 IBM Commercial Multimedia Technologies Group, spun off to form private company Fairway Technologies. 1992 IBM sells its remaining 50 percent stake in the Rolm Company to Siemens A.G. of Germany.[186] 1994 Xyratex enterprise data storage subsystems and network technology, formed in a management buy-out from IBM. 1995 Advantis (Advanced Value-Added Networking Technology of IBM & Sears), a voice and data network company. Joint Venture with IBM holding 70%, Sears holding 30%. AT&T acquires the infrastructure portion of Advantis in 1999, becoming the AT&T Global Network. IBM retained business and strategic outsourcing portions of the joint venture. 1994 Federal Systems Division sold to Loral becoming Loral Federal Systems. The Federal Systems Division performed work for NASA. Loral was later acquired by Lockheed Martin. 1996 Celestica, Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS). 1998 IBM Global Network sold to AT&T to form AT&T Business Internet. 1999 Dominion Semiconductor (DSC) IBM sells its 50% share to JV partner Toshiba. DSC becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of Toshiba. 2001 Information Services Extended department, developer of specialized databases and software for telephone directory assistance, is spun off to form privately held company ISx, Inc (later sold to Local Matters). December 31, 2002 IBM sells its HDD business to Hitachi Global Storage Technologies for approximately $2 billion. Hitachi Global Storage Technologies now provides many of the hardware storage devices formerly provided by IBM, including IBM hard drives and the Microdrive. IBM continues to develop storage systems, including tape backup, storage software and enterprise storage. December 2004 Lenovo acquires 90% interest in IBM Personal Systems Group, 10,000 employees and $9 billion in revenue. April 3, 2006 Web analytics provider Coremetrics acquires SurfAid Analytics, a standalone division of IBM Global Services. The deal was said to be in the "eight-figure" range, making it worth at least $10 million. (Note: Since then Coremetrics has in turn been acquired by IBM) January 25, 2007 Three-year joint venture with IBM Printing Systems division and Ricoh to form new Ricoh-owned subsidiary, InfoPrint Solutions Company, for $725 million. September 2009 IBM launches online business IT video advice service in association with GuruOnline. September 2009 IBM sells its U2 multivalue database and application development products (created by VMark, UniData, System Builder and Prime Computer, obtained via the Informix acquisition) to Rocket Software April 2012 IBM sells its Retail Store Solutions division (Point-of-Sales) to Toshiba TEC [187] January 2014 IBM sells its IBM System x business to Lenovo for $2.3 billion.[188] October 2014 IBM sells its microelectronics (computer chips) business to GlobalFoundries. IBM will pay GlobalFoundries $1.5 billion over 3 years to take over the business.[189] December 2014 UNICOM Global Acquires IBM Rational Focal Point and IBM Rational Purify Plus [190] January 2015 IBM sells Algorithmics Collateral to SmartStream Technologies [191] December 2015 UNICOM Global Acquires IBM Rational System Architect [192]

See also[edit]

Category:IBM subsidiaries Friden Flexowriter[193] List of mergers and acquisitions by Apple List of acquisitions by eBay List of mergers and acquisitions by Facebook List of mergers and acquisitions by Google List of mergers and acquisitions by Microsoft List of mergers and acquisitions by Twitter


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Retrieved 2013-07-09.  ^ IBM says it will buy Trusteer, source says paying close to $1 billion ^ "IBM to Acquire Trusteer to Help Companies Combat Financial Fraud and Advanced Security Threats" (Press release). IBM. 2013-08-15. Retrieved 2013-08-15.  ^ "IBM Acquires Daeja Image Systems Ltd" (Press release). IBM. 2013-09-19. Retrieved 2013-09-25.  ^ "IBM Acquires The Now Factory" (Press release). IBM. 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2013-10-01.  ^ "IBM Acquires Xtify to Help Digital Marketers Reach Mobile Customers" (Press release). IBM. 2013-10-03. Retrieved 2013-10-03.  ^ "IBM to Acquire Fiberlink Communications, Transforming the Mobile Management and Security Market" (Press release). IBM. 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2013-11-13.  ^ "IBM to acquire Aspera, Inc" (Press release). IBM. 2013-12-19. Retrieved 2013-12-19.  ^ "IBM to Acquire Cloudant: Open, Cloud Database Service Helps Organizations Simplify Mobile, Web App and Big Data Development" (Press release). IBM. 2014-02-24. 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External links[edit]

IBM list of selected acquisitions

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History of IBM Mergers and acquisitions Think (motto) Operating Systems


Cell microprocessor Mainframe Personal Computer IBM Power Systems Information Management Software Lotus Software Rational Software SPSS ILOG Tivoli Software: Service Automation Manager WebSphere alphaWorks Criminal Reduction Utilising Statistical History Mashup Center PureQuery Redbooks FlashSystem Fortran Connections

Business entities

Center for The Business of Government Cloud computing Global Services International subsidiaries jStart Kenexa Research The Weather Company (Weather Underground)



1250 René-Lévesque, Montreal, QC One Atlantic Center, Atlanta, GA

Software Labs

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IBM Buildings

330 North Wabash, Chicago, IL Johannesburg Seattle

Research Labs

Africa Almaden Austin Laboratory Australia Brazil China Laboratory Haifa Laboratory India Laboratory Ireland Thomas J. Watson Center, New York Tokyo Zurich Laboratory


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Cambridge Scientific Center IBM Hursley Canada Head Office Building IBM Rochester Somers Office Complex


Academy of Technology Centers for Advanced Studies: CASCON Deep Thunder IBM Fellow Pulse conference The Great Mind Challenge DeveloperWorks: Develothon Linux Technology Center IBM Virtual Universe Community Smarter Planet World Community Grid


Automated teller machine Electronic keypunch Hard disk drive Floppy disk DRAM Relational model Selectric typewriter Financial swaps Universal Product Code Magnetic stripe card Sabre airline reservation system Scanning tunneling microscope


Globally Integrated Enterprise Commercial Processing Workload Consumability e-business


Thomas J. Watson (1914–1956) Thomas Watson Jr. (1956–1971) T. Vincent Learson (1971–1973) Frank T. Cary (1973–1981) John R. Opel (1981–1985) John Fellows Akers (1985–1993) Louis V. Gerstner Jr. (1993–2002) Samuel J. Palmisano (2002–2011) Ginni Rometty (2012–present)

Board of directors

Alain Belda William R. Brody Kenneth Chenault Michael L. Eskew David Farr Shirley Ann Jackson Andrew N. Liveris James McNerney James W. Owens Samuel J. Palmisano Virginia M. Rometty Joan E. Spero Sidney Taurel Lorenzo Zambrano


A Boy and His Atom Common Public License/IBM Public License Customer engineer Deep Blue Deep Thought Dynamic infrastructure GUIDE International IBM and the Holocaust IBM international chess tournament Lucifer cipher Mathematica IBM Plex SHARE computing ScicomP Watson Quantum Experience

v t e

Mergers and acquisitions by company

Adobe Advania Amazon.com Apple BlackBerry CA Technologies Cisco Condé Nast Dell eBay Electronic Arts Expedia Facebook Google/Alphabet HP IBM Juniper Networks Microsoft Nokia Oath (AOL/Yahoo!) Oracle Red Hat Salesforce.com Son