Between 1 October 2009 and 30 September 2013, the Parliament of Norway consisted of 169 members from 7 parties and 19 constituencies, elected during the Norwegian parliamentary election, 2009 on 13 and 14 September. The Red-Green Coalition, consisting of the Labour Party (64 members), the Socialist Left Party (11 members) and the Centre Party (11 members) resumed its major, allowing Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet to continue. The majority cabinet lasted the entire session until the 2013 election. The opposition consisted of four parties: the Progress Party (41 members), the Conservative Party (30 members), the Christian Democratic Party (10 members) and the Liberal Party (2 members).

Members of the Parliament of Norway are elected based on party-list proportional representation in plural member constituencies. This means that representatives from different political parties are elected from 19 constituencies, which are identical to the 19 counties. The electorate does not vote for individuals but rather for party lists, with a ranked list of candidates nominated by the party. This means that the person on top of the list will get the seat unless the voter alters the ballot. Parties may nominate candidates from outside their own constituency, and even Norwegian citizens currently living abroad.[1]

The Sainte-Laguë method is used for allocating parliamentary seats to parties. As a result, the percentage of representatives is roughly equal to the nationwide percentage of votes. Still, a party with a high number of votes in only one constituency can win a seat there even if the nationwide percentage is low. This has happened several times in Norwegian history. Conversely, if a party's initial representation in Parliament is proportionally less than its share of votes, the party may seat more representatives through leveling seats, provided that the nationwide percentage is above the election threshold, at 4 percent. In 2013, nineteen seats were allocated via the leveling system.[1]

If a representative is absent for whatever reason, his or her seat will be filled by a candidate from the same party-list—in other words, there are no by-elections. Representatives who die during the term are replaced permanently, whereas representatives who are appointed to a government position, such as government minister (cabinet member) or state secretary, will be replaced by a deputy representative until the representative no longer holds the government position.[2] Deputy representatives also meet during typically short-term absence, like when a representative travels abroad with a parliamentary work group or is absent for health reasons.

List of representatives

The representatives elected as leveling seats are indicated with a blue background.

Name Party Constituency Comments
Ruiter, Freddy deFreddy de Ruiter Labour Aust-Agder
Godskesen, IngebjørgIngebjørg Godskesen Progress Aust-Agder
Harberg, SveinSvein Harberg Conservative Aust-Agder
Ropstad, Kjell IngolfKjell Ingolf Ropstad Christian Democratic Aust-Agder Leveling seat
Michaelsen, ÅseÅse Michaelsen Progress Vest-Agder
Henriksen, KariKari Henriksen Labour Vest-Agder
Gitmark, Peter SkovholtPeter Skovholt Gitmark Conservative Vest-Agder
Eriksen, DagrunDagrun Eriksen Christian Democratic Vest-Agder
Skumsvoll, HenningHenning Skumsvoll Progress Vest-Agder
Holmelid, Alf EgilAlf Egil Holmelid Socialist Left Vest-Agder Leveling seat
Myrli, SverreSverre Myrli Labour Akershus
Høglund, MortenMorten Høglund Progress Akershus
Sanner, Jan ToreJan Tore Sanner Conservative Akershus
Aasen, MarianneMarianne Aasen Labour Akershus
Kjos, Kari KjønaasKari Kjønaas Kjos Progress Akershus
Sjøli, Sonja IreneSonja Irene Sjøli Conservative Akershus
Eldegard, GunvorGunvor Eldegard Labour Akershus
Asmyhr, Hans Frode KiellandHans Frode Kielland Asmyhr Progress Akershus
Kjernli, GormGorm Kjernli Labour Akershus
Graham, SylviSylvi Graham Conservative Akershus
Solhjell, Bård VegarBård Vegar Solhjell Socialist Left Akershus Member of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet from March 2012. Rannveig Kvifte Andresen meets in his place.
Huitfeldt, AnnikenAnniken Huitfeldt Labour Akershus Member of the Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet from February 2008. Are Helseth meets in her place.
Tenden, BorghildBorghild Tenden Liberal Akershus
Thomsen, IbIb Thomsen Progress Akershus
Dahl, André OktayAndré Oktay Dahl Conservative Akershus
Hareide, Knut ArildKnut Arild Hareide Christian Democratic Akershus Leveling seat
Kolberg, MartinMartin Kolberg Labour Buskerud
Knudsen, Ulf ErikUlf Erik Knudsen Progress Buskerud
Helleland, TrondTrond Helleland Conservative Buskerud
Christoffersen, LiseLise Christoffersen Labour Buskerud
Rytman, JørundJørund Rytman Progress Buskerud
Micaelsen, TorgeirTorgeir Micaelsen Labour Buskerud
Werp, Anders B.Anders B. Werp Conservative Buskerud
Gustavsen, LailaLaila Gustavsen Labour Buskerud
Lundteigen, Per OlafPer Olaf Lundteigen Centre Buskerud Leveling seat
Pedersen, HelgaHelga Pedersen Labour Finnmark
Fredriksen, Jan-HenrikJan-Henrik Fredriksen Progress Finnmark
Simensen, KåreKåre Simensen Labour Finnmark
Olsen, IngalillIngalill Olsen Labour Finnmark
Jensen, Frank BakkeFrank Bakke Jensen Conservative Finnmark Leveling seat
Trettebergstuen, AnetteAnette Trettebergstuen Labour Hedmark
Breen, ThomasThomas Breen Labour Hedmark
Bredvold, Per RoarPer Roar Bredvold Progress Hedmark
Sønsterud, Tone MereteTone Merete Sønsterud Labour Hedmark
Vedum, Trygve SlagsvoldTrygve Slagsvold Vedum Centre Hedmark Member of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet from June 2012. Olov Grøtting met in his place.
Gundersen, GunnarGunnar Gundersen Conservative Hedmark
Storberget, KnutKnut Storberget Labour Hedmark Member of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet until October 2011. Thor Lillehovde met in his place.
Andersen, KarinKarin Andersen Socialist Left Hedmark Leveling seat
Henriksen, Per RunePer Rune Henriksen Labour Hordaland State Secretary in the Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet from September 2010. Jette F. Christensen meets in his place.
Sortevik, ArneArne Sortevik Progress Hordaland
Solberg, ErnaErna Solberg Conservative Hordaland
Lydvo, Hilde MagnussonHilde Magnusson Lydvo Labour Hordaland
Hagesæter, GjermundGjermund Hagesæter Progress Hordaland
Halleraker, ØyvindØyvind Halleraker Conservative Hordaland
Teigen, Dag OleDag Ole Teigen Labour Hordaland
Dåvøy, LailaLaila Dåvøy Christian Democratic Hordaland
Woldseth, Karin S.Karin S. Woldseth Progress Hordaland
Rommetveit, MagneMagne Rommetveit Labour Hordaland
Warloe, HenningHenning Warloe Conservative Hordaland
Toppe, KjerstiKjersti Toppe Centre Hordaland
Lysbakken, AudunAudun Lysbakken Socialist Left Hordaland Member of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet from October 2009 to March 2012. Gina Barstad met in his place.
Strøm-Erichsen, Anne-GreteAnne-Grete Strøm-Erichsen Labour Hordaland Member of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet. Tove Linnea Brandvik meets in her place.
Reiertsen, Laila MarieLaila Marie Reiertsen Progress Hordaland Leveling seat
Botten, Else-MayElse-May Botten Labour Møre og Romsdal
Nesvik, Harald T.Harald T. Nesvik Progress Møre og Romsdal
Nørve, Elisabeth RøbekkElisabeth Røbekk Nørve Conservative Møre og Romsdal
Gjelseth, SveinSvein Gjelseth Labour Møre og Romsdal
Grimstad, Oskar JarleOskar Jarle Grimstad Progress Møre og Romsdal
Torve, Tove-LiseTove-Lise Torve Labour Møre og Romsdal
Klinge, JennyJenny Klinge Centre Møre og Romsdal
Eide, Rigmor AndersenRigmor Andersen Eide Christian Democratic Møre og Romsdal
Hanekamhaug, MetteMette Hanekamhaug Progress Møre og Romsdal Leveling seat
Strøm, Tor-ArneTor-Arne Strøm Labour Nordland
Svendsen, KennethKenneth Svendsen Progress Nordland
Ljunggren, AnnaAnna Ljunggren Labour Nordland
Kristiansen, IvarIvar Kristiansen Conservative Nordland
Ellingsen, Jan ArildJan Arild Ellingsen Progress Nordland
Sivertsen, EirikEirik Sivertsen Labour Nordland
Nordås, Janne SjelmoJanne Sjelmo Nordås Centre Nordland
Hansen, LillianLillian Hansen Labour Nordland
Hansen, Geir-KetilGeir-Ketil Hansen Socialist Left Nordland
Trældal, TorgeirTorgeir Trældal Progress Nordland Leveling seat
Rudihagen, TorsteinTorstein Rudihagen Labour Oppland
Aasrud, RigmorRigmor Aasrud Labour Oppland Member of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet since October 2009. Stine Renate Håheim meets in her place.
Johansen, Morten ØrsalMorten Ørsal Johansen Progress Oppland
Hagebakken, ToreTore Hagebakken Labour Oppland
Wøien, Anne TingelstadAnne Tingelstad Wøien Centre Oppland
Thommessen, OlemicOlemic Thommessen Conservative Oppland
Hagen, AkselAksel Hagen Socialist Left Oppland Leveling seat
Nybakk, MaritMarit Nybakk Labour Oslo
Foss, Per-KristianPer-Kristian Foss Conservative Oslo
Jensen, SivSiv Jensen Progress Oslo
Bøhler, JanJan Bøhler Labour Oslo
Holmås, HeikkiHeikki Holmås Socialist Left Oslo Member of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet from March 2012. Mari Lund Arnem met in his place until April 2012, then Akhtar Chaudhry.
Eriksen Søreide, Ine MarieIne Marie Eriksen Søreide Conservative Oslo
Marthinsen, MarianneMarianne Marthinsen Labour Oslo
Tybring-Gjedde, ChristianChristian Tybring-Gjedde Progress Oslo
Tajik, HadiaHadia Tajik Labour Oslo Member of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet from September 2012. Karin Yrvin meets in her place.
Grande, Trine SkeiTrine Skei Grande Liberal Oslo
Tetzschner, MichaelMichael Tetzschner Conservative Oslo
Stoltenberg, JensJens Stoltenberg Labour Oslo Prime Minister in the Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet. Håkon Haugli meets in his place.
Myhre, Peter N.Peter N. Myhre Progress Oslo
Halvorsen, KristinKristin Halvorsen Socialist Left Oslo Member of the Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet. Akhtar Chaudhry met in her place until 2012, then Heidi Sørensen.
Støre, Jonas GahrJonas Gahr Støre Labour Oslo Member of the Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet. Truls Wickholm meets in his place.
Astrup, NikolaiNikolai Astrup Conservative Oslo
Syversen, Hans OlavHans Olav Syversen Christian Democratic Oslo Leveling seat
Solvik-Olsen, KetilKetil Solvik-Olsen Progress Rogaland
Nordtun, ToreTore Nordtun Labour Rogaland
Høie, BentBent Høie Conservative Rogaland
Horne, SolveigSolveig Horne Progress Rogaland
Sund, Eirin KristinEirin Kristin Sund Labour Rogaland
Høybråten, DagfinnDagfinn Høybråten Christian Democratic Rogaland
Meling, Siri A.Siri A. Meling Conservative Rogaland
Vaksdal, ØyvindØyvind Vaksdal Progress Rogaland
Opheim, TorfinnTorfinn Opheim Labour Rogaland
Kleppa, Magnhild MeltveitMagnhild Meltveit Kleppa Centre Rogaland Member of the Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet until June 2012. Geir Pollestad met in her place.
Kambe, ArveArve Kambe Conservative Rogaland
Thorsen, BenteBente Thorsen Progress Rogaland
Langeland, Hallgeir H.Hallgeir H. Langeland Socialist Left Rogaland Leveling seat
Heggø, IngridIngrid Heggø Labour Sogn og Fjordane
Navarsete, Liv SigneLiv Signe Navarsete Centre Sogn og Fjordane Member of the Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet. Erling Sande meets in her place.
Starheim, ÅgeÅge Starheim Progress Sogn og Fjordane
Bremer, TorTor Bremer Labour Sogn og Fjordane
Lødemel, BjørnBjørn Lødemel Conservative Sogn og Fjordane Leveling seat
Aasland, TerjeTerje Aasland Labour Telemark
Hoksrud, BårdBård Hoksrud Progress Telemark
Olsen, GunnGunn Olsen Labour Telemark
Isaksen, Torbjørn RøeTorbjørn Røe Isaksen Conservative Telemark
Hansen, Sigvald OppebøenSigvald Oppebøen Hansen Labour Telemark
Bekkevold, Geir JørgenGeir Jørgen Bekkevold Christian Democratic Telemark Leveling seat
Arnesen, Bendiks H.Bendiks H. Arnesen Labour Troms
Korsberg, ØyvindØyvind Korsberg Progress Troms
Bjørnflaten, Anne MaritAnne Marit Bjørnflaten Labour Troms
Aspaker, ElisabethElisabeth Aspaker Conservative Troms
Amundsen, Per-WillyPer-Willy Amundsen Progress Troms
Knutsen, Tove KarolineTove Karoline Knutsen Labour Troms
Nordahl, Irene LangeIrene Lange Nordahl Centre Troms Leveling seat
Kristoffersen, Gerd JanneGerd Janne Kristoffersen Labour Nord-Trøndelag
Stokkan-Grande, ArildArild Stokkan-Grande Labour Nord-Trøndelag
Eriksson, RobertRobert Eriksson Progress Nord-Trøndelag
Brekk, Lars PederLars Peder Brekk Centre Nord-Trøndelag Member of the Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet until June 2012. Christina Ramsøy met in his place.
Bratli, SusanneSusanne Bratli Labour Nord-Trøndelag
Myraune, LarsLars Myraune Conservative Nord-Trøndelag Leveling seat
Gjul, Gunn KarinGunn Karin Gjul Labour Sør-Trøndelag
Sandberg, PerPer Sandberg Progress Sør-Trøndelag
Asphjell, JoroddJorodd Asphjell Labour Sør-Trøndelag
Helleland, Linda Cathrine HofstadLinda Cathrine Hofstad Helleland Conservative Sør-Trøndelag
Hansen, Eva KristinEva Kristin Hansen Labour Sør-Trøndelag
Lien, TordTord Lien Progress Sør-Trøndelag
Giske, TrondTrond Giske Labour Sør-Trøndelag Member of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet. Arne L. Haugen meets in his place.
Valen, SnorreSnorre Valen Socialist Left Sør-Trøndelag
Moe, Ola BortenOla Borten Moe Centre Sør-Trøndelag Member of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet since March 2011. Heidi Greni meets in his place.
Håbrekke, ØyvindØyvind Håbrekke Christian Democratic Sør-Trøndelag Leveling seat
Andersen, Dag TerjeDag Terje Andersen Labour Vestfold
Anundsen, AndersAnders Anundsen Progress Vestfold
Flåtten, SveinSvein Flåtten Conservative Vestfold
Mandt-Bartholsen, SonjaSonja Mandt-Bartholsen Labour Vestfold
Olsen, Per ArnePer Arne Olsen Progress Vestfold
Gullvåg, SteinarSteinar Gullvåg Labour Vestfold
Thorkildsen, Inga MarteInga Marte Thorkildsen Socialist Left Vestfold Leveling seat. Member of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet from March 2012. Lars Egeland meets in her place.
Hansen, Svein RoaldSvein Roald Hansen Labour Østfold
Leirstein, UlfUlf Leirstein Progress Østfold
Johansen, IreneIrene Johansen Labour Østfold
Schou, IngjerdIngjerd Schou Conservative Østfold
Gåsvatn, Jon JægerJon Jæger Gåsvatn Progress Østfold
Forsberg, Thor ErikThor Erik Forsberg Labour Østfold
Olsen, WencheWenche Olsen Labour Østfold
Giltun, VigdisVigdis Giltun Progress Østfold
Holten Hjemdal, Line HenrietteLine Henriette Holten Hjemdal Christian Democratic Østfold Leveling seat


  1. ^ a b Ryssevik, Jostein (2002). I samfunnet. Norsk politikk (in Norwegian). Oslo: Aschehoug. ISBN 978-82-03-32852-7. 
  2. ^ Nordby, Trond (2004). I politikkens sentrum. Variasjoner i Stortingets makt 1814–2004 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. p. 98. ISBN 82-15-00651-5.