This is a list of notable hors d'oeuvre, also referred to as appetizers, which may be served either hot or cold. They are food items served before the main courses of a meal, and are also sometimes served at the dinner table as a part of a meal. Many cultures serve dips, such as baba ghanoush, chili con queso, hummus, and tzatziki with bread or vegetables as hors d'oeuvre.

If the period between when guests arrive and when the meal is eaten (for example during a cocktail hour) is extended these might also serve the purpose of sustaining guests during the wait, in the same way that apéritifs are served as a drink before meals. Hors d'oeuvre are sometimes served with no meal afterward; this is the case with many reception and cocktail party events.

Hors d'oeuvre

Name Image Origin Description
Angels on horseback Angels on horseback.jpg England Oysters wrapped in bacon, served hot: In the United Kingdom, they can also be a savoury, the final course of a traditional British formal meal. They are somewhat similar to devils on horseback and the Midwestern version of pigs in a blanket, a traditional dish of the American Midwest.
Antipasto Antipasto all'italiana.jpg Italy The traditional first course of a formal Italian meal: Traditional antipasto includes cured meats, olives, peperoncini, mushrooms, anchovies, artichoke hearts, various cheeses (such as provolone or mozzarella), and pickled meats and vegetables (both in oil or in vinegar).
Arab salad Arabsalad.jpg

Middle East

Any of a variety of salad dishes that form part of Arab cuisine
Batata vada Batata Vada.jpg India A popular Indian vegetarian fast food in Maharashtra, India, it literally means "potato fritters". The Marathi word batata means potato in English. It consists of a potato mash patty coated with chick pea flour, then deep-fried and served hot with savory condiments called chutney. The vada is a disc, around 2 to 3 inches (5.1 to 7.6 cm) in diameter.
Barbajuan Barbaguiai.jpg Monaco An appetizer mainly found in the eastern part of French Riviera and Northern Italy, a barbajuan is a fritter filled with Swiss chard, spinach, and ricotta cheese, among other ingredients.
Blooming onion Blooming onion.jpg United States Typically, this consists of one large onion which is cut to resemble a flower, then battered and deep-fried. It is served as an appetizer at some restaurants.
Bruschetta Tomato Bruschetta.jpg Italy An Italian antipasto, its origin dates to at least the 15th century. It consists of grilled bread rubbed with garlic and topped with olive oil, salt, and pepper. It is often topped with tomato.
Buffalo wing Homemade buffalo wings.jpg United States A chicken wing section (wingette or drumette) that is generally deep-fried, unbreaded, and coated in a sauce of vinegar-based cayenne pepper hot sauce and butter in the kitchen.[1]
Canapé Canape tray.jpg France A small, prepared and usually decorative food, held in the fingers and often eaten in one bite
Carpaccio Carpaccio with cheese.jpg Italy Raw meat (such as beef, veal, venison, salmon, or tuna), thinly sliced or pounded thin, and served mainly as an appetizer: Pictured is carpaccio with cheese.
Caviar Caviar and spoon.jpg Iran, Russia Traditionally, it refers to roe from wild sturgeon in the Caspian and Black Seas.[2]
Chaat Bhalla Papri Chaat with saunth chutney.jpg India Chaat is a term describing one of many types of savory snacks, typically served at road-side tracks from stalls or food carts in Pakistan and India.[3][4]
Chicken fingers Crispy Chicken Strips - FotoosVanRobin.jpg United States Chicken fingers are prepared by dipping chicken meat in a breading mixture and then deep-frying them.[5] In North America, they are usually prepared from the breast muscles of chicken. [6]
Chicken lollipop Chicken lollipop in Goa.jpg India An hors d'œuvre made from the drummette segments of chicken wings or from drumsticks. The flesh on the segments is pushed to one end of the bone.
Crab puff Crab puffs (cropped).jpg United States Balls of crab meat that have been deep-fried in batter[7][8] They are often served in restaurants as an appetizer or side dish.[9]
Crab rangoon CrabRangoon.jpg United States These are deep-fried dumplings served in American Chinese, and more recently, Thai restaurants, stuffed with a combination of cream cheese, lightly flaked crab meat (more commonly, canned crab meat or imitation crab meat), with scallions and/or garlic.
Crostini Crostini by Charles Haynes.jpg Italy Small slices of grilled or toasted bread and toppings, which may include a variety of different cheeses, meats, and vegetables, or may be presented more simply with a brush of olive oil and herbs or a sauce
Crudités Crudites Platter.JPG France Sliced or whole raw vegetables[10] which are sometimes dipped in a vinaigrette or other dipping sauce
Dahi puri Dahi puri, Doi phuchka.jpg India and Pakistan An Indian snack which is especially popular in the state of Maharashtra, the dish is a form of chaat and originates from the city of Mumbai.[11] It is served with mini-puri shells (golgappa), which are more popularly recognized from the dish golgappay. Dahi puri and pani puri chaats are often sold by the same vendor.
Dahi vada Dahi Vadas (Dhai Bhalla).JPG India An Indian [chaat prepared by soaking vadas in thick dahi (yogurt)" To add more flavor, they may be topped with coriander or mint leaves, chili powder, crushed black pepper, chaat masala, cumin, shredded coconut, green chilis, or boondi.
Deviled eggs Deviled egg closeup.jpg Italy Boiled eggs, shelled, cut in half, and filled with the yolk mixed with other ingredients such as mayonnaise and mustard,[12] but many other variants exist internationally.
Devils on horseback Bacon wrapped almond-stuffed dates.jpg England A hot hors d'oeuvre the recipes vary, but in general are variations on angels on horseback, made by replacing oysters with dried fruit. The majority of recipes contains a pitted date (though prunes are sometimes used,[13]) stuffed with mango chutney and wrapped in bacon.
Eggplant salads and appetizers Baba Ghanoush.jpg

Middle East, Arab culture

Many cuisines feature eggplant salads and appetizers.
Fattoush Fattoush.JPG The Levant A Levantine bread salad made from toasted or fried pieces of pita bread (khubz 'arabi) combined with mixed greens and other vegetables,[14] fattoush belongs to the family of dishes known as fattat (plural) or fatta, which use stale flatbread as a base.[14]
Fried mushrooms Fried mushrooms.jpg Deep-fried mushrooms, they have been dipped in batter. In the United States and some other countries, they are often served as an appetizer or snack.
Garlic knot Garlic knots.jpg A type of garlic bread appetizer, they are found in many pizzerias around the world. They are usually made with pizza dough, and garlic (or garlic powder). They can also be topped with Parmesan cheese, oregano, and/or parsley.
Gravlax Gravlax on crackers with pepper and lemon.jpg Nordic countries Raw salmon, cured in salt, sugar, and dill, gravlax is usually served as an appetizer, sliced thinly and accompanied by hovmästarsås (literally "steward sauce", also known as gravlaxsås), a dill and mustard sauce, either on bread of some kind or with boiled potatoes.
Haggis pakora Haggis pakora.jpg Scotland An Indo-Gael fusion food., haggis (sheep's heart, liver and lungs, onion, oatmeal) is flavored with Indian spices, formed into balls, coated in a batter of gram flour, yogurt and spices, and deep-fried in the same manner as an Indian pakora.
Jalapeño popper Cooking-food-stuffed-jalapenos-peppers.jpg United States These are jalapeño peppers that have been hollowed out, stuffed with a mixture of cheese, spices, and sometimes ground meat. They are either breaded and deep-fried or wrapped in bacon, and baked or grilled.
Malakoff[15] Malakoff.jpeg Switzerland (Romandy) A fried ball of cheese.
Matbucha 2008 04 23 - Laurel - Sauce.JPG Middle East, Arab culture Tomatoes and roasted bell peppers seasoned with garlic and chili pepper,[16] the name of the dish originates from Arabic and means "cooked [salad]". It is served as an appetizer, often as part of a meze.
Meze Petra metzes.jpg Middle East, Balkans, Caucasus In Levantine cuisines and in the Caucasus region, meze is served at the beginning of all large-scale meals,[17]
Mozzarella sticks Mozzarella 394.jpg France Elongated pieces of battered or breaded mozzarella
Nachos Nachos-cheese.jpg Piedras Negras, Coahuila, Mexico In their simplest form, nachos are tortilla chips (totopos) covered in nacho cheese or shredded cheese and/or salsa.
Obložené chlebíčky Chlebicky.JPG Czechoslovakia A Czech and Slovak appetizer or snack, it consists of an open-faced sandwich topped with butter and a variety of other toppings, such as cured meats, fish, hard-boiled egg, and vegetables.
Onion ring OnionRings.JPG United States Generally, it consist of a cross-sectional "ring" of onion (the circular structure of which lends itself well to this method of preparation) dipped in batter or bread crumbs and then deep-fried; a variant is made with onion paste.
Pakora Chilli Bites (Bhaji).jpg India It is created by taking one or two ingredients such as onion, eggplant, potato, spinach, plantain, paneer, cauliflower, tomato, chili pepper, or occasionally bread[18] or chicken and dipping them in a batter of gram flour and then deep-frying them. The most popular varieties are palak pakora, made from spinach, paneer pakora, made from paneer (soft cheese), pyaz pakora, made from onion, and aloo pakora, made from potato.
Paneer tikka Panir Tikka Indian cheese grilled.jpg India Made from chunks of paneer marinated in spices and grilled in a tandoor,[19][20] it is a vegetarian alternative to chicken tikka and other meat dishes.[21][22][23] It is a popular dish that is widely available in India and other countries with an Indian diaspora.[24][25]
Panipuri Indian cuisine-Panipuri-03.jpg India A popular street snack in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal, it consists of a round, hollow puri, fried crisp, and filled with a mixture of flavored water (pani), tamarind chutney, chili, chaat masala, potato, onion, and chickpeas. It is generally small enough to fit completely into one's mouth. It is a popular street food dish in Mumbai, Delhi, Karachi, Lahore, Dhaka, Kolkata, and Kathmandu.
Papadum Papadsbangalore.jpg India A thin, crisp Indian preparation, it is sometimes described as a cracker. It is typically served as an accompaniment to a meal in India. It is also eaten as an appetizer or a snack and can be eaten with various toppings such as chopped onions, chutney, or other dips and condiments.
Papri chaat Bhalla Papri Chaat with saunth chutney.jpg India A Pakistani and North Indian fast food, chaat, an Indo-Aryan word which literally means lick, is used to describe a range of snacks and fast food dishes; papri refers to crisp fried dough wafers made from refined white flour and oil. In papri chaat, the papris are served with boiled potatoes, boiled chick peas, chilis, yogurt, and tamarind chutney, and topped with chaat masala and sev.
Pizzetta Pizzetta.jpg A miniature pizza, it is prepared in a similar fashion, but is only a few inches in diameter.
Poke Tako Poke.jpg United States (Hawaii) A raw salad served as an hors d'œuvre in Hawaiian cuisine. modern poke typically consists of cubed ʻahi (yellowfin tuna) sashimi marinated with sea salt, a small amount of soy sauce, inamona (roasted crushed candlenut), sesame oil, limu seaweed, and chopped chili pepper.
Potato skins Potato skins.jpg United States Slices of half-circular pieces of potatoes with the skin left on one side and a quarter-inch or so of the inside of the potato on the other, the potato side is covered with toppings such as bacon, cheddar cheese, green onions, and anything else that might be found on a baked potato.
Potato wedges Jo Jos.JPG Wedges of potatoes, often large and unpeeled, that are either baked or fried
Prawn cocktail Cocktail 1 bg 060702.jpg A seafood dish, it consists of "shelled prawns in mayonnaise and tomato dressing, served in a glass", also referred to as a shrimp cocktail.[26]
Pu pu platter Pupuplatter.jpg United States An assortment of small meat and seafood appetizers, a typical pupu platter, as found in American Chinese cuisine, might include an egg roll, spare ribs, chicken wings, chicken fingers, beef teriyaki, skewered beef, fried wontons, crab rangoon, and fried shrimp, among other items, accompanied by a small hibachi grill.
Queso flameado Queso Flameado de Oaxaca.jpg Mexico,
[United States (Southwest)
Its typical main ingredients are melted cheese and a characteristic meat sauce of loose fresh chorizo, tomato, onion, chili, and spices.
Rocky Mountain oysters Rocky mountain oysters.jpg North America Bull calf testicles used for human consumption, it is a well-known novelty dish in parts of the American West and Western Canada where cattle ranching is prevalent and castration of young animals is common ("prairie oysters" is the preferred name in Canada, where they may be served in a demi-glace, not deep-fried).[27] In Oklahoma and the Texas Panhandle, they are sometimes called calf fries, but only if taken from very young animals.[28]
Rumaki Duck rumaki.jpg mock-Polynesian Water chestnuts and liver wrapped in bacon (or, as a substitute, either pastrami or cured salted beef [called "beef fry"]) and marinated in a flavored soy sauce[29]
Saganaki Saganaki.jpg Greece Various Greek dishes prepared in a small frying pan, itself called a saganaki, they are best-known as being an appetizer of fried cheese.
Sakinalu/chakli Sakinalu, dark and light-2159.jpg India A special type of snack, they are prepared in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Telangana, and parts of Guntur District, and are very popular in all districts of Telangana Region.[30][31] It is essentially made up of rice flour and with small amount of spices, sesame seeds, carom seeds (ajwain), and salt, prepared during Makar Sankranti festival by most people irrespective of caste and creed.[32] Sakinalu are also given to the groom's by the bride's parents for distributing among their relatives and friends.[33]
Samosa – also known as tikona Samosachutney.jpg India,[Pakistan This is a fried or baked pastry with a savory filling, such as spiced potatoes, onions, peas, lentils, ground lamb, ground beef, or ground chicken. The size, shape, and consistency may vary, but typically, they are distinctly triangular. Samosas are often accompanied by chutney.[34] They are a popular appetizer or snack in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, Southwest Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, the Mediterranean, the Horn of Africa, North Africa, and South Africa.
Salmon tartare Bristol Bay Salmon Tartare 0440 (7564711524).jpg Prepared with fresh raw salmon and seasonings, it is commonly spread on a cracker or artisan-style bread and enjoyed as an appetizer.
Stuffed mushrooms Stuffed portabella mushrooms, June 2009.jpg Mushrooms filled with a stuffing and baked or broiled
Sushi[35][36][37][38] Western Sushi.jpg Japan Cooked vinegar-flavored rice combined with other ingredients, the Oxford English Dictionary notes the earliest written mention of sushi in English in an 1893 book, A Japanese Interior, where it mentions sushi as "a roll of cold rice with fish, seaweed, or some other flavoring".[39][40] However, there is also mention of sushi in a Japanese-English dictionary from 1873,[41] and an 1879 article on Japanese cookery in the journal Notes and Queries.[42]
Tapas TapasenBarcelona.JPG Spain A wide variety of appetizers or snacks in Spanish cuisine, tapas have evolved through Spanish history by incorporating ingredients and influences from many different cultures and countries.
Tokwa’t baboy Tokwa't Baboy 2.jpg Philippines A typical Philippine appetizer, it usually includes pork ears, pork belly, and deep-fried tofu, and is dipped in a mixture of soy sauce, pork broth, vinegar, chopped white onions, scallions, and red chili peppers.
Zakuski Russian Celebration Zakuski.jpg Russia A Russian term for hors d'oeuvres, snacks, and appetizers, it is served before the main course. Usually presented buffet style, it often consists of cold cuts, cured fishes, mixed salads, kholodets, pirozhki, various pickled vegetables (such as tomatoes, beets, or cucumbers), sauerkraut, pickled mushrooms, deviled eggs, hard cheeses, caviar, canapés, open sandwiches, and breads.


See also


  1. ^ Horwitz, Jeremy (January 1, 2008). "Chicken Wings, or, Why People Know About Buffalo". Buffalo Chow.com. Archived from the original on December 31, 2009. Retrieved November 18, 2009. 
  2. ^ Alan Davidson, Tom Jaine, The Oxford companion to food, Oxford University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-19-280681-5, ISBN 978-0-19-280681-9, p. 150.
  3. ^ Thumma, Sanjay. "CHAAT RECIPES". Hyderabad, India: Vahrehvah.com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-03. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  4. ^ The Chaat Business[permanent dead link] (in Bengali)
  5. ^ Ellie Krieger (17 December 2014). "Crispy Chicken Fingers". foodnetwork.com. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "The History of Chicken Fingers". Leite's Culinaria. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  7. ^ Carpender, Dana (2005). 300 Low-Carb Slow Cooker Recipes: Healthy Dinners that are Ready When You Are. Beverly, MA: Fair Winds Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-1-59233-497-1. 
  8. ^ Haughton, Natalie (2005). 365 Easy One Dish Meals. New York: William Morrow Cookbooks (Harper Collins). pp. 213–214. ISBN 0-06-057888-2. 
  9. ^ Nunley, Debbie (2005). A Taste of Maryland History: A Guide to Historic Eateries and Their Recipes. Winston-Salem, NC: John F. Blair, Publisher. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-89587-313-2. 
  10. ^ Jessica (2012-12-05). "What Are The Crudités?". Frenchvegetables.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-23. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  11. ^ "The Hindu : Mouthful of joy". hindu.com. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  12. ^ Robert A. Palmatier, "Food: a dictionary of literal & nonliteral terms" Westport: Greenwood Press, 2000. p. 96
  13. ^ "How to make the best devils on horseback". Metro.co.uk. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2012. 
  14. ^ a b Wright, 2003, p. 241
  15. ^ Beard, J. (2015). The New James Beard. Open Road Media. p. pt301. ISBN 978-1-5040-0457-2. 
  16. ^ "Page Not Found". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  17. ^ Alan Davidson, The Oxford Companion to Food, Oxford University Press, 1999, pp. 500-501
  18. ^ Arora, Ritu (2002). Healthy Kitchen: More Than 350 Oil Free Recipes. New Delhi, India: B. Jain publishers (P) Ltd. pp. 186, Bread Pakora. ISBN 81-8056-208-5. 
  19. ^ Dalal, Tarla (2007). Punjabi Khana. Sanjay & Co. p. 29. ISBN 8189491547. 
  20. ^ "Fine dining on Nizami fare". The Hindu. 9 November 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  21. ^ "Paneer tikka & kali dal at Kwality". Daily News and Analysis. 9 August 2008. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  22. ^ Kapoor, Sanjeev (2010). Paneer. Popular Prakashan. p. 3. ISBN 8179913309. 
  23. ^ "Paneer platter". The Hindu. 26 May 2007. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  24. ^ "A new avatar". The Telegraph. 2 August 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  25. ^ "In US, Indian cuisines sell like hot curry!". The Economic Times. 20 December 2006. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  26. ^ Karan Raj (2002). Modern Dictionary Of Tourism. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 978-81-7890-058-2. 
  27. ^ "Testicle Festival in Calgary, Alberta". Metacafe. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  28. ^ http://www.westonaprice.org/foodfeatures/rockymtoysters.html
  29. ^ Heyhoe, Kate (2007). Great Bar Food at Home. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-471-78183-7. 
  30. ^ "Students celebrate 'Sankranti Sambaralu'". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  31. ^ "BJP women add festive flavour to protest". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  32. ^ "Telangana supporters stage 'rasta rokos'". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  33. ^ "Trailing the Andhra food route". Times of India. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  34. ^ Arnold P. Kaminsky; Roger D. Long (23 September 2011). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-313-37462-3. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  35. ^ The Sushi Economy. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  36. ^ Japanese Cooking - Shizuo Tsuji - Google Books p. 293.
  37. ^ Sushi For Dummies. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  38. ^ Sushi - Google Books p. 5.
  39. ^ "Sushi", Oxford English Dictionary, Second edition, 1989; online version December 2011. Accessed 23 December 2011.
  40. ^ Bacon, Alice Mabel (1893). A Japanese interior. Houghton, Mifflin and Company. p. 271.
    p.271: Sushi, a roll of cold rice with fish, sea-weed, or some other flavoring
    p.181: While we were waiting for my lord and my lady to appear, domestics served us with tea and sushi or rice sandwiches, and the year-old baby was brought in and exhibited.
    p.180: All the sushi that I had been unable to eat were sent out to my kuruma, neatly done up in white paper.
  41. ^ James Curtis Hepburn, Japanese-English and English-Japanese dictionary, Publisher: Randolph, 1873, 536 pages (page 262)
  42. ^ W.H. Patterson, "Japanese Cookery", Notes and queries, Publisher: Oxford University Press, 1879. (p.263)

External links

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