List of government ministries of Thailand
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The Government Ministries of Thailand ( th, กระทรวง: Krasuang) are the government agencies that compose the
executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State (polity), state. The executive executes and enforces law. In political systems based on the princi ...
of the
Government of Thailand The Government of Thailand, or formally the Royal Thai Government ( Abrv: RTG; th, รัฐบาลไทย, , ), is the unitary government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The country emerged as a modern nation state after the foundation of ...
. Each ministry is headed by a minister of state ( th, รัฐมนตรีว่าการกระทรวง, ) and, depending on the
prime minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpar ...
, several deputy ministers ( th, รัฐมนตรีช่วยว่าการกระทรวง) . The combined heads of these agencies form the
Cabinet of Thailand The cabinet of Thailand or, formally, the Council of Ministers of Thailand ( th, คณะรัฐมนตรี; is a body composed of thirty-five of the most senior members of the government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The cabinet is the pri ...
. There are 19 ministries. The combined employees of these departments make up the civil service of Thailand.


Ministries


History

During the Rattanakosin Period, the kingdom's administration was similar to that of the
Ayutthaya PeriodAyutthaya, Ayudhya, or Ayuthia may refer to: * Ayutthaya Kingdom, a Thai kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767 ** Ayutthaya Historical Park, the ruins of the old capital city of the Ayutthaya Kingdom * Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province (locally a ...
. There were two chief ministers ( th, อัครมหาเสนาบดี: Akkhramahasenabodi): the first running military affairs or ''samuhakalahom'' ( th, สมุหกลาโหม), and the second ''Samuhanayok'' ( th, สมุหนายก) for civilian affairs. The civilian ministry was divided further into four ''kroms'' ( th, กรม), headed by a ''senabodi'' ( th, เสนาบดี) or 'minister'. This type of administration was called the ''
Chatusadom Chatusadom or Catustambha ( th, จตุสดมภ์ , literally "Four Pillars" from Sanskrit language, Sanskrit ''Catur'' "Four" + ''Stambha'' "Pillars") was the Thai system of central executive governance during the Ayutthaya Kingdom, Thonbur ...
'' ( th, จตุสดมภ์) :


Rama V reforms

King
Chulalongkorn Chulalongkorn, also known as King Rama V, reigning title Phra Chula Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua) (Thai language, Thai: จุฬาลงกรณ์; Royal Thai General System of Transcription, RTGS: Chunlalongkorn ; 20 September 1853 – 23 October ...

Chulalongkorn
(Rama V), who had received a European education and traveled widely, reformed the administration of the state. In 1875, he issued a
royal decree A decree is a rule of law usually issued by a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 " he head of statebeing an embodiment of the ...
to bring about this reform, dividing and creating many departments, and thereby preventing the archaic system from collapsing. The administrative reforms of
Chulalongkorn Chulalongkorn, also known as King Rama V, reigning title Phra Chula Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua) (Thai language, Thai: จุฬาลงกรณ์; Royal Thai General System of Transcription, RTGS: Chunlalongkorn ; 20 September 1853 – 23 October ...

Chulalongkorn
created six ministries ( th, กระทรวง: krasuang), each headed by a
minister of state Minister of State is a title borne by politician A politician is a person active in party politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations be ...
or ( th, รัฐมนตรี, ): A further four were soon added: By 1900 the entire structure was formed. The ten ministries became the center of Siamese government and rule. After the 1932 Revolution, most of the ministries were retained by the
Khana Ratsadon The People's Party, known in Thai as Khana Ratsadon ( th, คณะราษฎร, ), was a Siamese group of military and civil officers, and later a political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compet ...
, however from then on the ministers were chosen by the prime minister and not the king.


See also

*
Cabinet of Thailand The cabinet of Thailand or, formally, the Council of Ministers of Thailand ( th, คณะรัฐมนตรี; is a body composed of thirty-five of the most senior members of the government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The cabinet is the pri ...
* Independent agencies of the Thai government *
Government of Thailand The Government of Thailand, or formally the Royal Thai Government ( Abrv: RTG; th, รัฐบาลไทย, , ), is the unitary government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The country emerged as a modern nation state after the foundation of ...
* List of state enterprises of Thailand * Politics of Thailand * Prime Minister of Thailand


References


External links


Official webpage

Reshaping Thailand through Bureaucratic Reform and Development


Website of the Department of Provincial Administration – DOPA (in English)

Internet archive of 25 November 2009) {{DEFAULTSORT:List of Cabinet Ministries of Thailand Government of Thailand Government ministries of Thailand, Thailand politics-related lists, M Lists of government ministries