This page lists common abbreviations for grammatical terms that are used in linguistic interlinear glossing.

Introductory remarks


This list serves a double purpose: * It documents current conventions in interlinear glossing ''in linguistic literature'' (recorded in the "variants" column if different from the conventional Wikipedia gloss). * It is a point of orientation for interlinear linguistic glossing ''in Wikipedia'' (this is the meaning of "conventional gloss"). Note that not all glosses listed here have a conventional variant. This may be lacking for cases where no clear preference from the linguistic literature will be established.

Conventional glosses

* In future revisions of this list, a single conventional gloss should be provided for every meaning, backed up by a linguistic reference work. For the moment, this list assumes that Leipzig Glossing Rules are the most widely known de facto standard and thus taken as a basis for conventional glosses. * This list provides a conventional gloss as established in the Leipzig Glossing rules (or another standard inventory of glossing abbreviations if the Leipzig Glossing Rules do not apply). Glosses from other (explicitly stated) sources are given as a conventional gloss if the Leipzig Glossing Rules do not provide a gloss for a particular category, unless multiple variants have been suggested (then, all are listed as variants, without a conventional gloss). Non-sourced glosses (without an explicit reference) are listed as variants, only. * For interlinear glossing in Wikipedia, see templates and . Note that the list of conventional glosses is informative only, but with increasing maturity, it should serve as a basis for future adjustments to Module:Interlinear/data.

Notational conventions

* Abbreviations beginning with (common prefix for ''non-'') may not be listed separately. For example, is not listed, as it is composable from + . This convention is grounded in the Leipzig Glossing Rules. * Abbreviations ending with (a common suffix for ''-izer'') are treated similarly. For example, is not listed, as it is composable from + . * Abbreviations are generally written in all caps or—apart from the terms A, S, O and P—in small caps, to distinguish them from lexical words.

Glossing abbreviations and meanings


* ''Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics,'' 2nd edition. *
Leipzig Glossing Rules
' * Payne, Thomas E. 1997. Describing Morphosyntax. * Bybee, Perkins, Pagliuca. 1994. ''The Evolution of Grammar.'' * * Aikhenvald, Alexandra. 2004. ''Evidentiality.'' * Helasvuo, Marja-Liisa. ''Argument splits in Finnish grammar and discourse.'' * Bernd Heine, Tania Kuteva. 2006. ''The changing languages of Europe.'' * Paul Kroeber. 1999. ''The Salish language family: reconstructing syntax.''


{{Reflist Glossing abbreviations Glossing