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The list of early modern universities in Europe comprises all universities that existed in the early modern age (1501–1800) in Europe. It also includes short-lived foundations and educational institutions whose university status is a matter of debate. The operation of the degree-awarding university with its corporate organization and relative autonomy, which had emerged in the Christian medieval world,[1] was continued into the new era. The number of universities which had been in existence at one time during the period rose from around eighty medieval universities to nearly two hundred.[2] While the universitas arrived in Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
as far as Moscow, many were established further west either by the new Protestant
Protestant
powers or the Catholic Counter-Reformation
Counter-Reformation
spearheaded by the Jesuits. At the same time, the Spanish founded colonial universities and the British colonial colleges in the New World, thus heralding the spread of the university as the center of higher learning around the globe (see List of oldest universities).[3]

Contents

1 Definition 2 List of universities existing in the early modern age, but created before

2.1 11th century 2.2 12th century 2.3 13th century 2.4 14th century 2.5 15th century

3 List of universities created in the early modern age

3.1 16th century 3.2 17th century 3.3 18th century

4 Notes 5 References 6 Sources 7 Further reading 8 See also

Definition[edit] A short definition of the university and its defining characteristics as they evolved in the medieval and early modern era is offered by the multi-volume History of the University
University
in Europe of the European University
University
Association:

The university is a European institution; indeed, it is the European institution par excellence. There are various reasons for this assertion. As a community of teachers and taught, accorded certain rights, such as administrative autonomy and the determination and realization of curricula (courses of study) and of the objectives of research as well as the award of publicly recognized degrees, it is a creation of medieval Europe, which was the Europe of papal Christianity... No other European institution has spread over the entire world in the way in which the traditional form of the European university has done. The degrees awarded by European universities – the bachelor's degree, the licentiate, the master's degree, and the doctorate – have been adopted in the most diverse societies throughout the world. The four medieval faculties of artes – variously called philosophy, letters, arts, arts and sciences, and humanities –, law, medicine, and theology have survived and have been supplemented by numerous disciplines, particularly the social sciences and technological studies, but they remain none the less at the heart of universities throughout the world. Even the name of the universitas, which in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
was applied to corporate bodies of the most diverse sorts and was accordingly applied to the corporate organization of teachers and students, has in the course of centuries been given a more particular focus: the university, as a universitas litterarum, has since the 18th century been the intellectual institution which cultivates and transmits the entire corpus of methodically studied intellectual disciplines.[1]

List of universities existing in the early modern age, but created before[edit] See also: List of modern universities in Europe (1801–1945) The list is sorted by the date of recognition. At places where more than one university was established, the name of the institution is given in brackets. 11th century[edit]

Recognized University Modern country

established 1088[a] Bologna Italy

12th century[edit]

Recognized University Modern country

1175 Modena Italy

13th century[edit]

Recognized University Modern country

Beginning of 13th c.[2] Paris France

Beginning of 13th c.[2] Oxford England

Beginning of 13th c.[2] Montpellier France

1209–25[2] Cambridge England

1215[2] Arezzo Italy

Before 1218/9[2] Salamanca Spain

1222[2] Padua Italy

1224[2] Naples Italy

1229[2] Toulouse France

1231[2] Salerno Italy

c.1235[2] Orléans France

1241 Valladolid Spain

1246[2] Siena Italy

c.1250[2] Angers France

1261 Northampton England

1272[2] Murcia Spain

1290 Macerata Italy

1290[2] Lisbon Portugal

1300[2] Lleida Spain

14th century[edit]

Recognized University Modern country

1303[2] Avignon France

1303[2] Rome (Sapienza) Italy

1308[2] Coimbra Portugal

1308[2] Perugia Italy

1311[4] Dublin Ireland

1332[2] Cahors (in French) France

1336 University
University
of Camerino Italy

1339[2] Grenoble France

1343[2] Pisa Italy

1347[2] Prague (Charles University) Czech Republic

1349[2] Firenze Italy

1350[2] Perpignan France

1354[2] Huesca (in Spanish) Spain

1361[2] Pavia Italy

1364[2] Cracow Poland

1365[2] Orange France

1365[2] Vienna Austria

1367[5] Pécs Hungary

1369[2] Lucca (in Italian) Italy

1386[2] Heidelberg Germany

1388[2] Cologne Germany

1389[2] Erfurt Germany

1391[2] Ferrara Italy

1395[2] Budapest Hungary

1396[2] Zadar Croatia

15th century[edit]

Recognized University Modern country

1402[2] Würzburg Germany

1404[2] Turin Italy

1409[2] Leipzig Germany

1409[2] Aix-en-Provence France

1411[2] St Andrews Scotland

1412[2] Parma Italy

1419[2] Rostock Germany

1422[2] Dole France

1425[2] Leuven Belgium

1431[2] Poitiers France

1432[2] Caen France

1434[2] Catania Italy

1441[2] Bordeaux France

1450[2] Barcelona Spain

1451[2] Glasgow Scotland

1452[2] Valence France

1453[2] Istanbul Turkey

1454[2] Trier Germany

1456[2] Greifswald Germany

1457[2] Freiburg Germany

1459[2] Basel Switzerland

1459[2] Ingolstadt Germany

1460[2] Nantes France

1464[2] Bourges France

1465[2] Bratislava Slovakia

1470[2] Venice[b] Italy

1471[2] Genoa Italy

1474[2] Zaragoza Spain

1476[2] Mainz Germany

1476[2] Tübingen Germany

1477[2] Uppsala Sweden

1479[2] Copenhagen Denmark

1483[2] Palma, Majorca Spain

1489[2] Sigüenza Spain

1495[2] Old Aberdeen Scotland

1498[2] Frankfurt on the Oder Germany

1499[2] Alcalá de Henares Spain

1500[2] Valencia Spain

List of universities created in the early modern age[edit] 16th century[edit]

16th century building of the University
University
of Évora, Portugal.

Monastery and Site of El Escorial

Recognized University Modern country

1502[2] Wittenberg Germany

1505[2] Seville
Seville
(Santa María de Jesús) Spain

1516[2] Seville
Seville
(Santo Tomás) Spain

1521[2] Toledo Spain

1526[2] Santiago de Compostela Spain

1527[2] Marburg Germany

1531[2][6] Granada Spain

1534[2] Sahagún Spain

1537 Lausanne Switzerland

1539[2][6] Nîmes France

1540[2] Macerata Italy

1540[2] Oñate (in Spanish) Spain

1542[2] Baeza Spain

1544[2] Königsberg Russia

1547[2] Gandía Spain

1548[2] Reims France

1548[2] Messina Italy

1548[2] Tournon France

1548/9[2] Osuna Spain

c.1550[2] Irache Spain

1550[2] Almagro (in Spanish) Spain

1551[2] Tortosa Spain

1552[2] Orihuela (in Spanish) Spain

1553[2] Dillingen Germany

1555[2] Burgo de Osma Spain

1556[2] Milan Italy

1556[2] Prague (Collegium Clementinum) Czech Republic

1556[2] Rome (Gregorianum) Italy

1557/8[2] Jena Germany

1558/9[2] Évora Portugal

1559[2] Geneva Switzerland

1559[2] Nice France

1559/60[2] Douai France

1560[2] Mondovì Italy

1562[2] Ancona Italy

1565[2] Estella Spain

1568[2] Braunsberg Poland

1570[2] Olomouc Czech Republic

1572[2] Pont-à-Mousson France

1574[2] Oviedo Spain

1574[2] Tarragona Spain

1575[2] Leiden Netherlands

1575/6[2] Helmstedt Germany

1576[2] Ávila Spain

1577[7] Rome, Collegium Divi Thomae, (Angelicum) Italy

1578[2] Palermo Italy

1578[2] Vilnius Lithuania

1582/3[2] Edinburgh Scotland

1583[2] Orthez France

1585[2] Fermo Italy

1585[2] Franeker Netherlands

1585/6[2] Graz Austria

1587[2] El Escorial Spain

1587[2] Girona Spain

1592[8] Malta Malta

1592[2] Dublin (Trinity College) Ireland

1593[2] New Aberdeen Scotland

1594[2] Zamość Poland

1596/1604[2] Saumur France

1598[2] Montauban (in French) France

1599[2] Vic Spain

1599/1602[2] Sedan France

17th century[edit]

Recognized University Modern country

1601/4[2] Die France

1603[2] Aix-en-Provence
Aix-en-Provence
(Collège royal Bourbon) France

1607[2] Giessen Germany

1612/4[2] Groningen Netherlands

1614[2] Solsona Spain

1614/6[2] Paderborn Germany

1617[2] Sassari Italy

1617/8[2] Molsheim France

1619[2] Pamplona Spain

1620[2] Rinteln (in German) Germany

1620/5[2] Salzburg Austria

1620[2][9] Cagliari Italy

1621[2] Strassburg France

1622/3[2] Altdorf Germany

1625[2] Mantua Italy

1629/32[2] Osnabrück Germany

1632[2] Tartu (Dorpat) Estonia

1633[2] Kassel Germany

1635[2] Trnava Slovakia

1636[2] Utrecht Netherlands

1640[2] Turku Finland

1647/8[2] Harderwijk Netherlands

1648[2] Bamberg Germany

1652[2] Kiel Germany

1654[2] Duisburg Germany

1655[2] Nijmegen Netherlands

1657[2] Košice Slovakia

1661[2] Lemberg Ukraine

1665[2] Prešov Slovakia

1666/8[2] Lund Sweden

1668[2] Innsbruck Austria

1671[2] Urbino Italy

1671[2] Montbéliard France

1674[2] Linz Austria

1685[2] Strassburg France

1691[2] Besançon France

1693/4[2] Halle Germany

18th century[edit]

Recognized University Modern country

1701[2] La Laguna Spain

1702[2] Breslau Poland

1714/7[2] Cervera Spain

1722[2] Dijon France

1722[2] Pau France

1724[2] St Petersburg Russia

1727[2] Camerino Italy

1732/4[2] Fulda Germany

1733/7[2] Göttingen Germany

1735[2] Rennes France

1742/3[2] Erlangen Germany

1748[2] Altamura Italy

1755[2] Moscow Russia

1760[2] Bützow (in German) Germany

1765[2] Corte France

1768[2] Nancy France

1769[10] Malta Malta

1771[2][11] Münster Germany

1772/3[2] Modena Italy

1773[2] Istanbul Technical University Turkey

1777[2] Bonn Germany

1781[2] Stuttgart Germany

1782 Budapest University
University
of Technology and Economics Hungary

1796[12] Strathclyde Scotland

Notes[edit]

^ Our History; imperial charter (Constitutio habita) from Frederick I Barbarossa issued in 1158 ^ University
University
status open to dispute.

References[edit]

^ a b Rüegg 1992, pp. XIX–XX ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl Frijhoff 1996, pp. 80–89 ^ Roberts, Rodriguez & Herbst 1996, pp. 256–284 ^ London: Newman, Cardinal Henry; The Rise and Progress of Universities, Chapter 17 (The Ancient University
University
of Dublin), 207-212 ^ Pécsi Tudományegyetem: University
University
of Pécs, 1367. Eds.: Harka, Glass. Pécs: UP, (2007); Fényes, Miklós: Középkori egyetemek Magyarországon, A Pécsi Egyetem története, in: Bibliographie internationale l'histoire des Universités II, Genève, Librairie Droz, (1976). ^ a b Jílek 1984, pp. 75–322 ^ Carlo Longo O.P., La formazione integrale domenicana al servizio della Chiesa e della società, Edizioni Studio Domenicano, 1996, "J. Solano O.P. (1505 ca.-1580) e la fondazione del "collegium S, Thomae de Urbe (1577)" https://books.google.com/books?id=gMW2uqe2MCwC&pg=PA156#v=onepage&q&f=false Accessed 2-15-2013 ^ University
University
of Malta: History Archived 2011-06-30 at the Wayback Machine. ^ University
University
of Cagliari: History ^ Mifsud Bonnici, Carmelo (August 1936). "Fr. Emanuel Pinto de Fonseca" (PDF). Malta Letteraria. 11 (8): 227.  ^ Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster: Geschichte der Universität Münster (in German) ^ . University
University
of Strathclyde https://web.archive.org/web/20120128164603/http://www.strath.ac.uk/about/heritage/history/. Archived from the original on 2012-01-28.  Missing or empty title= (help)

Sources[edit]

Frijhoff, Willem: "Patterns", in: Ridder-Symoens, Hilde de (ed.): A History of the University
University
in Europe. Vol. II: Universities in Early Modern Europe (1500–1800), Cambridge University
University
Press, 1996, ISBN 0-521-36106-0, pp. 43–113 (80–89) Pécsi Tudományegyetem: University
University
of Pécs, 1367, Eds.: Harka, Glass. Pécs: UP, (2007). Fényes, Miklós: Középkori egyetemek Magyarországon, A Pécsi Egyetem története, in: Bibliographie internationale l'histoire des Universités, II, Genève, Librairie Droz, (1976). Jílek, Jubor (ed.): "Historical Compendium of European Universities/Répertoire Historique des Universités Européennes", Standing Conference of Rectors, Presidents and Vice-Chancellors of the European Universities (CRE), Geneva 1984 Roberts, John; Rodriguez Cruz, Agueda M.; Herbst, Jürgen: "Exporting Models", in: Ridder-Symoens, Hilde de (ed.): A History of the University
University
in Europe. Vol. II: Universities in Early Modern Europe (1500–1800), Cambridge University
University
Press, 1996, ISBN 0-521-36106-0, pp. 256–284 Rüegg, Walter: "Foreword. The University
University
as a European Institution", in: Ridder-Symoens, Hilde de (ed.): A History of the University
University
in Europe. Vol. I: Universities in the Middle Ages, Cambridge University Press, 1992, ISBN 0-521-36105-2, pp. XIX–XX

Further reading[edit]

Rüegg, Walter (ed.): A History of the University
University
in Europe. Vol. III: Universities in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800–1945), Cambridge University
University
Press, 2004, ISBN 978-0-521-36107-1 Rüegg, Walter (ed.): A History of the University
University
in Europe. Vol. IV: Universities Since 1945, Cambridge University
University
Press, 2011, ISBN 978-0-521-36108-8

See also[edit]

List of universities and colleges in Europe History of European research universities

v t e

Lists of European universities and colleges by era

Europe

Middles Ages (pre-1500) Early modern age
Early modern age
(1501–1800) Late modern age (1801–1945) Contemporary (post-1945)

Colonies

Hispanic America (1538–1812) Spanish Philippines (1589–1898) Thirteen Colonies (1636–1769)

List of oldest universities
List of oldest universities
in continuous operation

v t e

List of universities in Europe

Sovereign states

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland

Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom

England Northern Ireland Scotland Wales

Vatican City

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Artsakh Kosovo Northern Cyprus South Ossetia Transnistria

Dependencies and other entities

Åland Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jer

.