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The Info List - List Of Countries Where Tamil Is An Official Language


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The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where Tamil is an official language or language of government. Historical map of Chola Kingdom where Tamil was the language of administration. Distribution of Tamil speakers in Indian Subcontinent.

Tamil is the 15th most spoken language in the world. Tamil language speakers make approximately 1.06% of the world population. Tamil was one of the prominent languages of trade in the region during the pre-colonial era. Tamil mercantile guilds like Ainnurruvar were active in Southeast Asia, and there are Tamil inscriptions and coins found in parts of Asia and Africa such as in China, Cambodia, Egypt and Indonesia.

During the 18th century, the British and French colonial rulers brought Tamils to many parts of Asia and Africa where many countries have sizeable number of Tamil speakers with significant cultural impact. There are more than 2,000,000 speakers of Tamil language
Tamil language
in Malaysia
Malaysia
itself. Tamil is the classical language of India
India
and one of the oldest surviving language in the world.

CONTENTS

* 1 Sovereign states * 2 Dependent entities * 3 Recognized as minority language * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References

SOVEREIGN STATES

The skyline of Singapore
Singapore
in 2015

Countries where Tamil is an official language (de jure ) COUNTRY REGION POPULATION1 STATUS

Singapore
Singapore
Asia 188,591 Sovereign State

Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Asia 5,007,003 Sovereign State

DEPENDENT ENTITIES

ENTITY COUNTRY POPULATION STATUS

Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
India 7005379944000000000♠379,944 Union Territory of India

Auroville India 7003260000000000000♠2,600 Autonomous City of India

Puducherry
Puducherry
India 7006124446400000000♠1,244,464 Union Territory of India

Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
India 7007721389580000000♠72,138,958 State of India

RECOGNIZED AS MINORITY LANGUAGE

COUNTRY POPULATION NOTES

South Africa
South Africa
7005250000000000000♠250,000 Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 - Chapter 1: Founding Provisions states "A Pan South African Language Board established by national legislation must promote and ensure respect for Tamil" along with other minority languages.

Malaysia
Malaysia
7006180000000000000♠1,800,000 Malaysian government recognize Tamil as a minority language along with Chinese. The "national-type" school's medium of instruction is either in Tamil or Chinese.

Mauritius
Mauritius
7004720890000000000♠72,089 Tamils are the first immigrants to Mauritius
Mauritius
who were brought by French. Later British brought Tamils to fight with French and as a recognition, Tamil is being used on the currency of Mauritius.

SEE ALSO

* Tamil population by cities * Tamil population per nation * Tamil Loanwords in other languages * Tamil language
Tamil language
* Tamil people
Tamil people
* List of languages by first written accounts * Tamil keyboard
Tamil keyboard

NOTES

REFERENCES

* ^ "Tamil Inscriptions". Archaeology India. Tamil Inscriptions of Egypt and Thailand * ^ Stein, Burton (1977-01-01). "Circulation and the Historical Geography of Tamil Country". The Journal of Asian Studies. 37 (1): 7–26. doi :10.2307/2053325 . * ^ Wong, Aline (2000-11-24). "Education in a Multicultural Setting - The Singapore
Singapore
Experience". Ministry of Education, Government of Singapore. Archived from the original on 2008-05-04. Retrieved 2009-01-18. There are four official languages: English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil. * ^ "Department of Statistics, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Republic of Singapore" (PDF). Census of population 2010. Department of statistics Singapore. * ^ "Language Dept Sri Lanka". Tamil and Sinhala official language of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
* ^ "Census of Population and Housing of Sri Lanka, 2012" (PDF). Census of Population and Housing of Sri Lanka, 2012. Department of Census and Statistics-Sri Lanka. * ^ Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 - Chapter 1: Founding Provisions - South African Government * ^ National Identity and Minority Languages * ^ A Brief History of the Tamils of Mauritius

* v * t * e

Countries and languages lists

COUNTRIES

BY LANGUAGES

SPOKEN

* Countries by spoken languages

OFFICIAL

* Countries by the number of recognized official languages * Arabic * Chinese * Dutch/Afrikaans * English * French * German * Malay * Portuguese * Romanian * Russian * Spanish * Tamil

ENDONYMS

* Countries and capitals in native languages

EXONYMS

* Country names in various languages

* A–C * D–I * J–P * Q–Z

* Languages of the European Union

LANGUAGES

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* Africa

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* East * South

* Europe * Oceania

BY COUNTRY

* Official languages

* by state

* List of languages without official status * Countries by the number of recognized official languages * Languages by the number of countries in which they are recognized as an official language

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