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This is a list of countries by estimated future gross[clarification needed] central government debt based on data released in April 2017 by the International Monetary Fund, with figures in percentage of national GDP.

Projected debt estimates

Gross government debt (sortable; in percent of GDP)
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
 Afghanistan 18.271 7.617 6.73 6.007 5.829 6.413 7.445
 Albania 71.536 68.639 64.786 60.444 56.651 53.404 50.098
 Algeria 20.356 17.301 17.798 17.565 16.402 14.878 13.463
 Angola 71.883 61.272 62.424 62.850 63.056 63.186 61.848
 Antigua and Barbuda 92.686 90.148 87.141 84.383 81.794 79.452 76.465
 Argentina 51.269 49.442 49.241 47.669 46.368 45.285 44.782
 Armenia 51.813 53.095 54.329 53.967 52.585 51.902 50.998
 Australia 41.091 42.903 42.715 41.609 39.893 38.282 36.634
 Austria 83.871 81.183 78.321 75.588 73.275 71.429 69.7967
 Azerbaijan 37.673 33.072 30.757 28.979 28.056 27.825 28.868
Baha The Bahamas 66.917 69.298 69.626 69.176 68.688 68.444 68.508
 Bahrain 82.119 88.557 96.185 104.523 112.280 119.653 127.298
 Bangladesh 33.082 33.677 33.871 34.021 33.841 33.449 32.969
 Barbados 107.886 107.422 108.712 110.995 113.822 116.711 119.695
 Belarus 52.282 58.034 63.129 65.592 66.868 62.367 60.371
 Belgium 105.529 104.280 103.267 102.287 101.368 100.344 99.361
 Belize 98.557 89.845 87.032 84.773 82.448 80.514 78.993
 Benin 50.300 55.596 56.109 54.317 51.067 47.207 42.800
 Bhutan 110.236 112.865 106.070 94.852 87.782 81.248 70.137
 Bolivia 42.104 42.390 43.253 44.570 46.134 47.217 48.293
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 44.368 42.493 41.053 39.601 37.275 35.870 35.334
 Botswana 13.886 13.326 11.092 10.385 8.627 6.992 5.739
 Brazil 78.316 81.157 82.708 83.086 84.004 86.361 87.819
 Brunei Darussalam 3.063 2.664 2.595 2.434 2.272 2.048 1.918
 Bulgaria 27.830 24.481 24.141 23.447 22.426 21.420 20.410
 Burkina Faso 32.471 33.341 33.561 33.868 34.404 35.060 35.790
 Burundi 47.159 57.060 65.657 72.193 80.850 92.484 104.750
 Cabo Verde 133.823 134.654 133.003 129.235 123.036 117.129 111.581
 Cambodia 32.962 33.602 34.344 34.903 35.372 35.651 35.151
 Cameroon 32.823 33.939 35.455 36.195 35.676 35.220 33.844
 Canada 92.327 91.162 89.828 88.236 86.728 84.959 82.746
 Central African Republic 42.518 31.897 27.717 24.149 20.642 17.900 15.625
 Chad 51.155 50.381 48.526 45.862 42.692 39.770 36.816
 Chile 21.177 24.793 27.352 29.157 30.142 30.791 31.164
 China 46.231 49.313 52.045 54.404 56.318 57.730 58.903
 Colombia 47.589 45.715 45.313 44.291 42.664 40.810 38.765
 Comoros 26.273 28.580 28.130 27.642 27.553 29.650 30.136
 Congo 82.961 73.758 67.535 66.701 61.739 55.086 52.636
 Costa Rica 43.710 46.708 48.793 50.969 52.911 55.245 57.776
 Croatia 84.379 83.087 81.551 79.809 78.506 77.200 75.785
 Cyprus 107.960 109.287 107.410 100.511 94.968 91.593 86.664
 Czech Republic 37.670 36.018 34.621 33.207 31.878 30.656 29.550
 Cote d'Ivoire 48.772 52.147 52.667 50.433 48.423 46.770 45.428
 Democratic Republic of Congo 21.506 24.319 27.581 29.609 31.377 30.045 29.945
 Denmark 39.872 39.790 39.043 37.675 35.901 34.121 32.319
 Djibouti 31.264 28.449 26.339 24.741 24.442 24.868 25.579
 Dominica 80.967 80.987 81.415 81.561 81.226 81.168 81.327
 Dominican Republic 34.437 35.971 37.327 38.870 40.438 42.100 43.889
 Ecuador 29.244 31.494 32.274 32.252 31.333 31.206 31.133
 Egypt 97.069 100.375 95.231 93.605 90.010 85.153 79.810
 El Salvador 59.891 61.114 62.153 63.734 65.469 67.250 69.010
 Equatorial Guinea 21.655 24.517 27.634 30.348 32.169 33.096 25.626
 Eritrea 125.543 127.403 127.930 127.201 136.165 133.714 131.037
 Estonia 9.487 9.000 8.718 8.506 8.371 8.263 8.201
 Ethiopia 54.862 56.931 57.045 56.288 55.066 53.645 52.555
European Union Eurozone 91.345 90.119 88.646 86.646 84.462 82.236 79.911
 European Union 85.798 84.715 83.418 81.654 79.624 77.614 75.547
 Fiji 49.602 50.860 51.376 51.732 51.879 51.766 51.448
 Finland 63.558 64.425 64.442 63.806 62.689 61.213 59.891
 France 96.648 97.403 97.374 96.601 95.079 93.000 90.383
 Gabon 61.966 61.991 61.781 60.941 57.470 53.281 50.052
Ga The Gambia 116.114 114.851 111.965 108.522 104.823 100.984 96.369
 Georgia 44.894 45.481 46.608 47.096 46.713 46.027 44.840
 Germany 67.648 64.724 61.951 59.101 56.352 53.610 50.881
 Ghana 72.420 71.745 66.770 63.901 61.813 58.634 55.548
 Greece 181.328 180.669 181.469 174.336 169.203 164.967 162.800
 Grenada 84.361 72.610 66.758 61.920 57.408 54.087 51.395
 Guatemala 25.294 25.903 26.378 26.729 27.055 27.331 27.454
 Guinea 55.991 51.627 49.140 45.847 43.059 39.986 37.021
 Guinea-Bissau 46.314 44.512 43.096 41.889 40.454 39.193 37.780
 Guyana 48.306 53.944 57.360 60.124 53.464 48.995 50.910
 Haiti 33.546 33.871 34.591 34.309 33.952 32.778 31.373
 Honduras 45.396 45.882 46.715 47.530 48.350 47.250 45.410
 Hong Kong 0.060 0.057 0.055 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
 Hungary 74.197 73.283 71.885 70.935 70.198 69.933 69.672
 Iceland 53.230 45.860 40.596 38.069 34.203 32.578 29.748
 India 69.537 67.789 66.089 64.278 62.597 60.912 59.251
 Indonesia 27.851 28.167 28.471 29.029 29.099 29.312 29.255
 Iran 35.001 29.236 26.102 23.339 20.600 18.307 16.167
 Iraq 63.686 59.999 61.789 60.172 56.829 52.781 48.662
 Ireland 76.416 74.827 73.440 71.412 67.160 64.772 61.245
 Israel 62.207 62.508 62.896 63.069 63.230 63.408 63.599
 Italy 132.602 132.766 131.561 129.371 126.806 124.099 121.347
 Jamaica 115.161 108.566 102.711 93.766 86.282 80.803 75.062
 Japan 239.184 239.237 239.434 237.680 236.059 234.368 232.374
 Jordan 94.991 95.777 93.247 90.116 85.578 81.205 76.999
 Kazakhstan 21.080 21.804 22.055 22.831 23.195 24.274 24.429
 Kenya 54.396 54.699 54.399 52.909 51.124 49.075 47.409
 Kiribati 26.841 25.111 27.425 32.971 37.927 42.671 47.029
 Kosovo 20.577 23.477 24.496 24.109 24.272 24.582 24.941
 Kuwait 18.585 19.804 22.214 24.658 27.028 29.233 31.163
 Kyrgyzstan 58.494 63.213 63.969 63.035 61.300 59.335 56.630
 Lao People's Democratic Republic 67.323 71.622 75.001 76.960 77.928 78.198 78.154
 Latvia 34.339 33.728 32.144 30.681 29.378 28.032 26.624
 Lebanon 143.424 147.083 150.395 153.337 156.712 160.708 165.421
 Lesotho 47.787 46.861 45.670 43.972 42.401 40.611 38.922
 Liberia 44.799 53.297 55.275 52.395 50.553 49.682 47.686
 Libya n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
 Lithuania 40.014 38.912 37.724 36.256 34.730 33.289 31.958
 Luxembourg 22.617 23.212 23.471 23.241 22.952 22.758 22.858
Mac Republic of Macedonia 38.683 37.631 39.209 40.531 41.714 42.829 43.850
 Madagascar 42.256 43.244 44.021 44.809 45.513 45.877 46.094
 Malawi 62.075 59.495 56.408 53.771 51.605 49.813 47.767
 Malaysia 56.253 55.995 54.904 53.234 51.318 49.191 46.771
 Maldives 81.511 85.741 89.441 89.022 87.610 86.300 84.936
 Mali 30.543 31.246 32.401 33.875 35.497 37.148 38.549
 Malta 59.420 58.022 55.299 53.844 52.380 50.980 49.077
 Marshall Islands 32.202 29.807 28.397 27.883 28.301 29.252 30.341
 Mauritania 99.607 97.034 98.507 97.783 91.478 87.620 84.060
 Mauritius 62.684 62.150 60.523 58.170 55.884 53.574 51.185
 Mexico 58.096 57.174 56.826 55.990 55.428 54.678 54.077
 Micronesia 24.845 25.087 26.591 28.065 29.601 31.109 32.560
 Moldova 38.088 40.210 41.548 43.183 43.357 44.340 45.632
 Montenegro 71.323 74.340 78.718 81.562 78.949 75.714 73.401
 Morocco 64.693 64.261 63.610 61.755 59.983 58.563 57.062
 Mozambique 115.200 106.856 103.587 99.893 95.378 90.133 79.027
 Myanmar 35.792 36.154 36.341 36.586 36.815 37.047 37.281
 Namibia 42.071 42.833 45.295 48.177 50.970 53.512 56.364
 Nauru 64.955 60.122 61.706 60.839 59.148 58.350 58.298
   Nepal 27.270 25.689 23.208 22.779 22.520 22.263 21.573
 Netherlands 62.567 59.699 57.798 55.897 53.969 52.030 50.092
 New Zealand 29.498 27.449 23.742 21.173 18.691 15.490 12.426
 Nicaragua 31.079 31.992 32.675 32.993 33.257 33.767 34.593
 Niger 45.941 51.507 53.225 53.997 51.757 49.324 46.722
 Nigeria 18.621 23.263 24.078 24.298 24.612 24.956 24.935
 Norway 33.203 33.203 33.203 33.203 33.203 33.203 33.203
 Oman 34.274 38.493 41.225 44.064 46.241 47.738 49.339
 Pakistan 66.887 65.223 63.978 62.451 60.446 58.910 57.135
 Panama 39.165 38.919 37.524 35.919 34.292 32.642 31.002
 Papua New Guinea 33.475 33.088 32.964 32.317 31.351 29.702 28.093
 Paraguay 24.731 25.864 26.508 26.997 27.718 28.118 28.452
 Peru 24.815 25.932 26.597 26.995 28.244 28.476 28.500
 Philippines 33.709 32.556 31.658 30.914 30.230 29.769 29.346
 Poland 54.238 54.596 54.092 53.563 52.897 52.296 51.693
 Portugal 130.303 128.620 127.073 125.672 124.647 123.707 122.937
 Qatar 47.598 50.151 50.781 51.908 53.802 54.491 53.339
 Romania 39.196 40.586 41.719 42.990 43.847 44.481 44.863
 Russia 17.035 17.106 17.337 17.754 18.200 18.388 18.471
 Rwanda 37.639 41.367 43.488 44.320 43.762 42.967 41.769
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 65.797 61.887 57.845 54.470 51.347 48.419 46.107
 Saint Lucia 82.932 85.588 88.546 90.921 93.264 95.535 97.690
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 79.245 77.161 75.061 73.139 71.203 69.247 67.415
 Samoa 52.610 52.493 52.733 52.435 51.952 51.502 51.214
 San Marino 21.620 21.831 21.966 21.555 21.340 21.250 21.079
 Sao Tome and Principe 92.775 97.129 96.070 93.892 87.195 77.310 71.594
 Saudi Arabia 12.359 15.552 19.080 22.632 24.346 25.253 26.421
 Senegal 57.436 57.073 55.552 54.204 52.934 51.838 50.918
 Serbia 74.143 72.814 70.057 66.674 63.431 60.472 57.775
 Seychelles 68.594 64.062 57.962 52.348 46.913 42.713 38.502
 Sierra Leone 53.408 51.707 53.128 53.986 53.126 52.847 45.629
 Singapore 112.028 111.958 109.801 108.061 106.207 104.299 102.397
 Slovak Republic 52.265 51.927 50.855 49.191 47.722 46.347 44.861
 Slovenia 78.906 77.653 77.364 77.220 77.419 77.661 77.932
 Solomon Islands 9.043 10.215 11.629 13.228 15.085 16.949 18.695
 South Africa 50.467 52.351 53.983 54.473 54.527 54.280 53.709
 South Korea 38.550 38.575 38.647 38.211 37.431 36.676 36.023
 South Sudan 32.968 17.925 21.857 28.377 32.588 32.302 33.045
 Spain 99.262 98.549 97.857 96.774 95.697 94.728 93.881
 Sri Lanka 77.344 79.553 77.135 74.636 71.801 69.303 66.303
 Sudan 64.176 55.183 50.120 46.258 43.185 41.047 39.162
 Suriname 64.606 66.306 58.980 55.538 54.201 53.471 53.446
 Swaziland 27.495 33.872 41.993 50.645 59.861 69.355 79.157
 Sweden 41.653 40.428 39.278 38.930 37.827 36.655 35.524
  Switzerland 45.388 44.528 43.546 42.491 41.274 39.988 38.743
 Syria n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
 Taiwan 35.367 33.729 31.762 29.636 27.170 24.561 21.920
 Tajikistan 35.316 48.466 51.665 50.720 50.112 49.592 48.220
 Tanzania 39.005 40.287 41.200 42.107 42.775 43.079 43.145
 Thailand 42.236 41.806 41.957 42.179 42.179 42.044 41.818
 Togo 79.102 76.572 72.379 66.782 62.250 58.322 54.881
 Trinidad and Tobago 61.006 65.820 75.743 85.080 94.253 103.645 112.685
 Tunisia 60.641 67.011 71.496 71.715 69.430 67.095 64.673
 Turkey 29.097 29.834 29.754 28.620 28.736 28.973 29.010
 Turkmenistan 23.874 21.946 23.357 31.424 35.240 38.000 39.579
 Tuvalu 53.680 44.295 36.575 30.328 24.572 13.063 8.239
 Uganda 36.872 40.107 41.637 42.283 42.839 43.531 42.923
 Ukraine 81.248 89.842 85.334 78.113 71.590 65.643 60.162
 United Arab Emirates 19.304 19.132 19.025 19.041 18.807 18.445 18.104
 United Kingdom 89.155 88.955 88.730 87.689 85.931 84.487 83.181
 United States 107.351 108.344 108.912 110.579 112.686 115.075 117.351
 Uruguay 60.926 62.923 63.947 64.037 63.832 63.915 63.980
 Uzbekistan 11.590 13.212 12.177 10.868 10.297 9.798 9.339
 Vanuatu 31.274 40.159 47.223 53.174 57.479 58.760 59.108
 Venezuela 28.214 17.295 16.561 17.330 17.666 17.832 17.815
 Vietnam 62.419 63.424 65.078 66.171 66.847 67.199 67.223
 Yemen 85.358 77.357 59.011 51.919 46.533 42.644 39.811
 Zambia 53.109 57.728 61.536 63.337 62.739 62.444 61.264
 Zimbabwe 75.318 75.676 79.179 80.268 81.050 81.520 82.328

See also

Sources