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The Info List - List Of Areas In The United States National Park System


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The National Park System
National Park System
of the United States
United States
is the collection of physical properties owned or administered by the National Park Service. The collection includes all national parks and most national monuments, as well as several other types of protected areas of the United States. As of January 2017, there are 417 units of the National Park System. However, this number is somewhat misleading. For example, Denali National Park and Preserve is counted as two units, since the same name applies to a national park and an adjacent national preserve. Yet Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
is counted as one unit, despite its double designation. Counting methodology is rooted in the language of a park's enabling legislation. Elsewhere, Fort Moultrie is not counted as a unit because it is considered a feature of Fort Sumter
Fort Sumter
National Monument. In addition to areas of the National Park System, the National Park Service also provides technical and financial assistance to several affiliated areas authorized by Congress. Affiliated areas are marked on the lists below. The National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
(NRHP), which contains nearly 79,000 entries, is administered by the National Park Service. All historically significant park units are automatically included on the NRHP—i.e., all national historical parks and historic sites, national battlefields and military parks, and national memorials, as well as some national monuments. National Park System
National Park System
units are found in all 50 states, in Washington, D.C., and in the U.S. territories of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. Nearly all units managed by the National Park Service
National Park Service
participate in the National Park Passport Stamps
National Park Passport Stamps
program.

Contents

1 National parks

1.1 Existing national parks 1.2 Disbanded national parks

2 National monuments

2.1 Former national monuments

3 National preserves 4 National historical parks

4.1 Authorized national historical parks

5 National historic sites

5.1 Disbanded national historic sites 5.2 Authorized national historic sites

6 International historic site 7 National battlefield parks 8 National military parks

8.1 Disbanded national military parks

9 National battlefields 10 National battlefield site

10.1 Disbanded national battlefield sites

11 National memorials

11.1 Disbanded national memorials 11.2 Authorized national memorials

12 National recreation areas

12.1 Disestablished or transferred national recreation areas

13 National seashores 14 National lakeshores 15 National rivers and national wild and scenic rivers 16 National reserves 17 National parkways 18 National historic and scenic trails 19 National cemeteries

19.1 Transferred national cemeteries

20 National heritage areas 21 Other NPS protected areas and administrative groups

21.1 Disbanded other areas

22 See also 23 References 24 External links

National parks[edit] Main article: List of national parks
List of national parks
of the United States Existing national parks[edit] There are 60 officially designated national parks in the United States and its dependent areas.

North Cascades National Park

Haleakalā National Park

Joshua Tree National Park

Dry Tortugas National Park

Shenandoah National Park

Badlands National Park

Guadalupe Mountains National Park

Arches National Park

Olympic National Park

Name Location Year established Area (2017)[1]

Acadia National Park Maine 1919 7008198527687696346♠49,057.26 acres (198.5277 km2)

National Park of American Samoa American Samoa 1988 7007334135580171374♠8,256.67 acres (33.4136 km2)

Arches National Park Utah 1971 7008310308822676081♠76,678.98 acres (310.3088 km2)

Badlands National Park South Dakota 1978 7008982398434864749♠242,755.94 acres (982.3984 km2)

Big Bend National Park Texas 1944 7009324219248177910♠801,163.21 acres (3,242.1925 km2)

Biscayne National Park Florida 1980 7008699989247393156♠172,971.11 acres (699.9892 km2)

Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park Colorado 1999 7008124565316292353♠30,780.76 acres (124.5653 km2)

Bryce Canyon National Park Utah 1928 7008145019423645217♠35,835.08 acres (145.0194 km2)

Canyonlands National Park Utah 1964 7009136620994652380♠337,597.83 acres (1,366.2099 km2)

Capitol Reef National Park Utah 1971 7008978952779432460♠241,904.50 acres (978.9528 km2)

Carlsbad Caverns National Park New Mexico 1930 7008189257108535348♠46,766.45 acres (189.2571 km2)

Channel Islands National Park California 1980 7009100993753563056♠249,561.00 acres (1,009.9375 km2)

Congaree National Park South Carolina 2003 7008107400412902486♠26,539.22 acres (107.4004 km2)

Crater Lake National Park Oregon 1902 7008741481423480638♠183,224.05 acres (741.4814 km2)

Cuyahoga Valley National Park Ohio 2000 7008131815178635954♠32,572.24 acres (131.8152 km2)

Death Valley National Park California, Nevada 1994 7010136503022312697♠3,373,063.14 acres (13,650.3022 km2)

Denali National Park Alaska 1917 7010191857867758738♠4,740,911.16 acres (19,185.7868 km2)

Dry Tortugas National Park Florida 1992 7008261836547694115♠64,701.22 acres (261.8365 km2)

Everglades National Park Florida 1947 7009610644026059182♠1,508,934.25 acres (6,106.4403 km2)

Gates of the Arctic National Park Alaska 1980 7010304481327170114♠7,523,897.45 acres (30,448.1327 km2)

Gateway Arch National Park Missouri 2018 7005780355323931392♠192.83 acres (0.7804 km2)

Glacier National Park (part of Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park) Montana 1910 7009409997541933185♠1,013,125.99 acres (4,099.9754 km2)

Glacier Bay National Park Alaska 1980 7010130445699355532♠3,223,383.43 acres (13,044.5699 km2)

Grand Canyon National Park Arizona 1919 7009486289300081338♠1,201,647.03 acres (4,862.8930 km2)

Grand Teton National Park Wyoming 1929 7009125470444293499♠310,044.22 acres (1,254.7044 km2)

Great Basin National Park Nevada 1986 7008312336378680832♠77,180.00 acres (312.3364 km2)

Great Sand Dunes National Park Colorado 2004 7008434397136001925♠107,341.87 acres (434.3971 km2)

Great Smoky Mountains National Park North Carolina, Tennessee 1934 7009211418657456239♠522,426.88 acres (2,114.1866 km2)

Guadalupe Mountains National Park Texas 1966 7008349515253319063♠86,367.10 acres (349.5153 km2)

Haleakalā National Park Hawaii 1916 7008134617141085695♠33,264.62 acres (134.6171 km2)

Hawaii
Hawaii
Volcanoes National Park Hawaii 1916 7009130888035735869♠323,431.38 acres (1,308.8804 km2)

Hot Springs National Park Arkansas 1921 7007224519999000394♠5,548.01 acres (22.4520 km2)

Isle Royale National Park Michigan 1940 7009231395324782102♠571,790.30 acres (2,313.9532 km2)

Joshua Tree National Park California 1994 7009319958932219797♠790,635.74 acres (3,199.5893 km2)

Katmai National Park Alaska 1980 7010148702926184076♠3,674,529.33 acres (14,870.2926 km2)

Kenai Fjords National Park Alaska 1980 7009270997760560298♠669,650.05 acres (2,709.9776 km2)

Kings Canyon National Park California 1940 7009186924783773426♠461,901.20 acres (1,869.2478 km2)

Kobuk Valley National Park Alaska 1980 7009708489693589546♠1,750,716.16 acres (7,084.8969 km2)

Lake Clark National Park Alaska 1980 7010106020211880659♠2,619,816.49 acres (10,602.0212 km2)

Lassen Volcanic National Park California 1916 7008431350460144322♠106,589.02 acres (431.3505 km2)

Mammoth Cave National Park Kentucky 1941 7008218578444869590♠54,011.91 acres (218.5784 km2)

Mesa Verde National Park Colorado 1906 7008212399947295255♠52,485.17 acres (212.3999 km2)

Mount Rainier National Park Washington 1899 7008956602557971444♠236,381.64 acres (956.6026 km2)

North Cascades National Park Washington 1968 7009204277598894410♠504,780.94 acres (2,042.7760 km2)

Olympic National Park Washington 1938 7009373382969048207♠922,649.41 acres (3,733.8297 km2)

Petrified Forest National Park Arizona 1962 7008895934393194984♠221,390.21 acres (895.9344 km2)

Pinnacles National Park California 2013 7008107993317836932♠26,685.73 acres (107.9933 km2)

Redwood National and State Parks California 1968 7008562510493194053♠138,999.37 acres (562.5105 km2)

Rocky Mountain National Park Colorado 1915 7009107563501216309♠265,795.20 acres (1,075.6350 km2)

Saguaro National Park Arizona 1994 7008371160350517040♠91,715.72 acres (371.1604 km2)

Sequoia National Park California 1890 7009163518344926733♠404,062.63 acres (1,635.1834 km2)

Shenandoah National Park Virginia 1935 7008806205711980706♠199,217.77 acres (806.2057 km2)

Theodore Roosevelt National Park North Dakota 1978 7008285088449234606♠70,446.89 acres (285.0884 km2)

Virgin Islands National Park U.S. Virgin Islands 1956 7007604600349506560♠14,940.00 acres (60.4600 km2)

Voyageurs National Park Minnesota 1975 7008883024678396143♠218,200.15 acres (883.0247 km2)

Wind Cave National Park South Dakota 1903 7008137475112028322♠33,970.84 acres (137.4751 km2)

Wrangell-St. Elias National Park Alaska 1980 7010336825787871639♠8,323,146.48 acres (33,682.5788 km2)

Yellowstone National Park Idaho, Montana, Wyoming 1872 7009898317429114735♠2,219,790.71 acres (8,983.1743 km2)

Yosemite National Park California 1890 7009308268276262214♠761,747.50 acres (3,082.6828 km2)

Zion National Park Utah 1919 7008595847080002037♠147,237.02 acres (595.8471 km2)

Disbanded national parks[edit]

Name Established Disbanded Result

Abraham Lincoln National Park July 17, 1916 August 11, 1939 Redesignated as Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park

Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry
National Park March 3, 1925 August 11, 1939 Redesignated under the unique designation of Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry
National Monument and Historic Shrine

General Grant National Park October 1, 1890 March 4, 1940 Incorporated into Kings Canyon National Park

Hawaii
Hawaii
National Park August 1, 1916 September 13, 1960 Divided into Hawaii
Hawaii
Volcanoes National Park and Haleakala National Park

Mackinac National Park April 15, 1875 March 2, 1895 Transferred to Michigan; now operated as Mackinac Island State Park

Platt National Park June 29, 1906 March 17, 1976 Redesignated as Chickasaw National Recreation Area

Sullys Hill National Park April 27, 1904 March 3, 1931 Transferred to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; now operated as Sullys Hill National Game Preserve

National monuments[edit] Main article: List of National Monuments of the United States

Devils Tower National Monument

Stonewall National Monument

Statue of Liberty National Monument

Natural Bridges National Monument

Muir Woods National Monument

Bandelier National Monument

As of 2017, there are 129 U.S. National Monuments, 88 of which are administered by the NPS and are listed below. The remaining 40 monuments are administered by five other federal agencies. Two, Grand Canyon-Parashant and Craters of the Moon National Monuments, are jointly administered by the NPS and the Bureau of Land Management, and World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument
World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument
is joint with the Fish and Wildlife Service.

Name Location Area[1]

African Burial Ground National Monument New York 7003141639974784000♠0.35 acres (0.0014 km2)

Agate Fossil Beds National Monument Nebraska 7007123747608483642♠3,057.87 acres (12.3748 km2)

Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument Texas 7006554811874941772♠1,370.97 acres (5.5481 km2)

Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve Alaska 7008555131576599142♠137,176 acres (555.13 km2)

Aztec Ruins National Monument New Mexico 7006128851908489216♠318.4 acres (1.289 km2)

Bandelier National Monument New Mexico 7008136284648274545♠33,676.67 acres (136.2846 km2)

Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument District of Columbia 7003137593118361600♠0.34 acres (0.0014 km2)

Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument Alabama 7004738551297088000♠18.25 acres (0.0739 km2)

Booker T. Washington National Monument Virginia 7005967239153517824♠239.01 acres (0.9672 km2)

Buck Island Reef National Monument U.S. Virgin Islands 7007769528768944545♠19,015.47 acres (76.9529 km2)

Cabrillo National Monument California 7005647254216198656♠159.94 acres (0.6473 km2)

Canyon de Chelly National Monument Arizona 7008339288442454016♠83,840 acres (339.3 km2)

Cape Krusenstern National Monument and Archeological District Alaska 7009262691377316788♠649,124.53 acres (2,626.9138 km2)

Capulin Volcano National Monument New Mexico 7006320850964593561♠792.84 acres (3.2085 km2)

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument Arizona 7006191213965958400♠472.5 acres (1.912 km2)

Castillo de San Marcos
Castillo de San Marcos
National Monument Florida 7004784280774661120♠19.38 acres (0.0784 km2)

Castle Clinton
Castle Clinton
National Monument New York 7003404685642240000♠1 acre (0.0040 km2)

Castle Mountains National Monument California 7007846602363566080♠20,920 acres (84.7 km2)

Cedar Breaks National Monument Utah 7007249067825373030♠6,154.6 acres (24.907 km2)

César E. Chávez National Monument California 7005471701584594944♠116.56 acres (0.4717 km2)

Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument Ohio 7005241435454160384♠59.66 acres (0.2414 km2)

Chiricahua National Monument Arizona 7007485004815712299♠11,984.73 acres (48.5005 km2)

Colorado
Colorado
National Monument Colorado 7007831078217644111♠20,536.39 acres (83.1078 km2)

Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve Idaho 7008216794347747211♠53,571.05 acres (216.7943 km2)

Devils Postpile National Monument California 7006323125297902950♠798.46 acres (3.2313 km2)

Devils Tower National Monument Wyoming 7006545075138389478♠1,346.91 acres (5.4508 km2)

Dinosaur National Monument Utah, Colorado 7008850986363597030♠210,283.31 acres (850.9864 km2)

Effigy Mounds National Monument Iowa 7007102239375969871♠2,526.39 acres (10.2239 km2)

El Malpais National Monument New Mexico 7008462611818978898♠114,313.87 acres (462.6118 km2)

El Morro National Monument New Mexico 7006517479624445132♠1,278.72 acres (5.1748 km2)

Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument Colorado 7007242734090386332♠5,998.09 acres (24.2734 km2)

Fort Frederica National Monument Georgia 7006115129018360857♠284.49 acres (1.1513 km2)

Fort Matanzas National Monument Florida 7006121450208092646♠300.11 acres (1.2145 km2)

Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry
National Monument and Historic Shrine Maryland 7005175067008833024♠43.26 acres (0.1751 km2)

Fort Monroe National Monument Virginia 7006131603770856448♠325.2 acres (1.316 km2)

Fort Pulaski National Monument Georgia 7007227558783487974♠5,623.1 acres (22.756 km2)

Fort Stanwix
Fort Stanwix
National Monument New York 7004628072116756480♠15.52 acres (0.0628 km2)

Fort Sumter
Fort Sumter
National Monument South Carolina 7005949959076594176♠234.74 acres (0.9500 km2)

Fort Union National Monument New Mexico 7006291616473798144♠720.6 acres (2.916 km2)

Fossil Butte National Monument Wyoming 7007331761289508352♠8,198 acres (33.18 km2)

Freedom Riders National Monument Alabama 7004316868857873920♠7.83 acres (0.0317 km2)

George Washington Birthplace National Monument Virginia 7006267792630039475♠661.73 acres (2.6779 km2)

George Washington Carver National Monument Missouri 7005849839848704000♠210 acres (0.85 km2)

Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument New Mexico 7006215750056447411♠533.13 acres (2.1575 km2)

Governors Island National Monument New York 7004921873893022720♠22.78 acres (0.0922 km2)

Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument Arizona NPS manages 208,453 acres (843.58 km2) of 7009424242075901248♠1,048,325 acres (4,242.42 km2)

Grand Portage National Monument Minnesota 7006287314665421132♠709.97 acres (2.8731 km2)

Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument Idaho 7007176084793223257♠4,351.15 acres (17.6085 km2)

Hohokam Pima National Monument Arizona 7006683918735385600♠1,690 acres (6.8 km2)

Homestead National Monument of America Nebraska 7005854250922204416♠211.09 acres (0.8543 km2)

Honouliuli National Monument Hawaii 7005497763339955200♠123 acres (0.50 km2)

Hovenweep National Monument Colorado, Utah 7006317649901163443♠784.93 acres (3.1765 km2)

Jewel Cave National Monument South Dakota 7006515371212249062♠1,273.51 acres (5.1537 km2)

John Day Fossil Beds National Monument Oregon 7007569069759489172♠14,062.02 acres (56.9070 km2)

Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument Maine 7008354099936960000♠87,500 acres (354 km2)

Lava Beds National Monument California 7008188957519754398♠46,692.42 acres (188.9575 km2)

Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument Montana 7006309722109431961♠765.34 acres (3.0972 km2)

Montezuma Castle National Monument Arizona 7006410966363407564♠1,015.52 acres (4.1097 km2)

Muir Woods National Monument California 7006224013737261952♠553.55 acres (2.2401 km2)

Natural Bridges National Monument Utah 7007309037786010933♠7,636.49 acres (30.9038 km2)

Navajo National Monument Arizona 7006145686831206400♠360 acres (1.5 km2)

Ocmulgee National Monument Georgia 7006283903165457049♠701.54 acres (2.8390 km2)

Oregon
Oregon
Caves National Monument and Preserve Oregon 7007181622106866027♠4,487.98 acres (18.1622 km2)

Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Arizona 7009133825033690713♠330,688.86 acres (1,338.2503 km2)

Petroglyph National Monument New Mexico 7007291750020060083♠7,209.3 acres (29.175 km2)

Pipe Spring National Monument Arizona 7005161874256896000♠40 acres (0.16 km2)

Pipestone National Monument Minnesota 7006114032320270387♠281.78 acres (1.1403 km2)

Poverty Point National Monument Louisiana 7006368607917234304♠910.85 acres (3.6861 km2)

Pullman National Monument Illinois 7006121405692672000♠300 acres (1.2 km2)

Rainbow Bridge National Monument Utah 7005647497027584000♠160 acres (0.65 km2)

Reconstruction Era
Reconstruction Era
National Monument South Carolina 7005263005198891775♠64.99 acres (0.2630 km2)

Russell Cave National Monument Alabama 7006125634657633408♠310.45 acres (1.2563 km2)

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument New Mexico 7006433588290808780♠1,071.42 acres (4.3359 km2)

Scotts Bluff National Monument Nebraska 7007121600346465917♠3,004.81 acres (12.1600 km2)

Statue of Liberty National Monument New York, New Jersey 7005246291681867264♠60.86 acres (0.2463 km2)

Stonewall National Monument New York 7004311607944524800♠7.7 acres (0.031 km2)

Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument Arizona 7007123024435240960♠3,040 acres (12.3 km2)

Timpanogos Cave National Monument Utah 7006101171410560000♠250 acres (1.0 km2)

Tonto National Monument Arizona 7006453247919308800♠1,120 acres (4.5 km2)

Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument Nevada 7007916612979673600♠22,650 acres (91.7 km2)

Tuzigoot National Monument Arizona 7006328560226078233♠811.89 acres (3.2856 km2)

Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument U.S. Virgin Islands 7007514277346958087♠12,708.07 acres (51.4277 km2)

Waco Mammoth National Monument Texas 7004202342821120000♠5 acres (0.020 km2)

Walnut Canyon National Monument Arizona 7007142824084973194♠3,529.26 acres (14.2824 km2)

White Sands National Monument New Mexico 7008581667825874924♠143,733.25 acres (581.6678 km2)

World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument Hawaii, California, Alaska 7005238885934614272♠59.03 acres (0.2389 km2)

Wupatki National Monument Arizona 7008143348274285587♠35,422.13 acres (143.3483 km2)

Yucca House National Monument Colorado 7005137067027026687♠33.87 acres (0.1371 km2)

Former national monuments[edit]

Name Established Disbanded Result

Grand Canyon National Monument December 22, 1932 January 3, 1975 Abolished; lands transferred with Marble Canyon National Monument
Marble Canyon National Monument
into an expansion of Grand Canyon National Park.[2][3][4][5]

Papago Saguaro National Monument January 31, 1914 April 7, 1930 Transferred to Arizona; now jointly operated by the cities of Phoenix and Tempe

Lewis and Clark Cavern National Monument May 11, 1908 August 24, 1937 Transferred to Montana; now operated as a state park

Father Millet Cross National Monument August 10, 1933 September 7, 1949 Transferred to New York upon the closing of the adjacent military base; now operated part of Fort Niagara State Park

First State National Monument March 25, 2013 December 19, 2014 Incorporated into First State National Historical Park

Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument March 25, 2013 December 19, 2014 Incorporated into Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park

Wheeler National Monument December 7, 1908 August 3, 1950 Returned to United States
United States
Forest Service

Holy Cross National Monument May 11, 1929 August 3, 1950 Returned to United States
United States
Forest Service

Jackson Hole National Monument 1943 September 14, 1950 Merged into Grand Teton National Park

Shoshone Cavern National Monument September 21, 1909 May 17, 1954 Transferred to Cody, Wyoming
Wyoming
as a municipal attraction, and later returned to the Bureau of Land Management

Old Kasaan National Monument October 25, 1916 July 26, 1955 Transferred to United States
United States
Forest Service

Castle Pinckney
Castle Pinckney
National Monument August 10, 1933 March 29, 1956 Transferred to South Carolina, and later sold to the Sons of Confederate Veterans; site currently inaccessible and unmaintained

Verendrye National Monument June 29, 1917 July 30, 1956 Transferred to North Dakota
North Dakota
after the construction of the Garrison Dam; site currently flooded by the reservoir Lake Sakakawea

Fossil Cycad National Monument October 21, 1922 August 1, 1956 Transferred to Bureau of Land Management
Bureau of Land Management
because of severe vandalism to the site

Ackia Battlefield National Monument August 27, 1935 August 10, 1961 Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway

Meriwether Lewis National Monument February 6, 1925 August 10, 1961 Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway

Petrified Forest National Monument December 8, 1906 December 9, 1962 Incorporated into Petrified Forest National Park

Lehman Caves National Monument June 10, 1933 October 27, 1986 Incorporated into Great Basin National Park[6]

Mound City Group National Monument January 1, 1918 January 2, 1992 Incorporated into Hopewell Culture National Historical Park

Minidoka Internment National Monument January 17, 2001 May 8, 2008 Redesignated as Minidoka National Historic Site

Pinnacles National Monument January 16, 1908 January 10, 2013 Redesignated as Pinnacles National Park[7]

Andrew Johnson National Monument April 27, 1942 December 11, 1963 Redesignated as Andrew Johnson National Historic Site[8]

Edison Laboratory National Monument July 14, 1956 September 5, 1962 Combined with Edison Home National Historic Site into Edison National Historic Site, later redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park

National preserves[edit] There are 21 national preserves in the United States. 19 are distinct official units, while Oregon
Oregon
Caves National Monument and Preserve and Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
are considered single units.

Name Location Area (2017)

Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve Alaska 7009187821862577149♠464,117.93 acres (1,878.2186 km2)

Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Alaska 7010109159541325425♠2,697,391.01 acres (10,915.9541 km2)

Big Cypress National Preserve Florida 7009291601909161879♠720,564.01 acres (2,916.0191 km2)

Big Thicket
Big Thicket
National Preserve Texas 7008457788330340476♠113,121.96 acres (457.7883 km2)

Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve Idaho 7009282850857334676♠698,939.69 acres (2,828.5086 km2)

Denali National Park and Preserve Alaska 7009539898318716815♠1,334,117.80 acres (5,398.9832 km2)

Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve Alaska 7009383888066041996♠948,608.07 acres (3,838.8807 km2)

Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Alaska 7008236360696206694♠58,406.00 acres (236.3607 km2)

Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve Colorado 7008168697256824166♠41,686.00 acres (168.6973 km2)

Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve Louisiana 7007907340012867312♠22,420.86 acres (90.7340 km2)

Katmai National Park and Preserve Alaska 7009169441392783117♠418,698.80 acres (1,694.4139 km2)

Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Alaska 7009570725603637813♠1,410,293.68 acres (5,707.2560 km2)

Little River Canyon National Preserve Alabama 7007618706881623762♠15,288.58 acres (61.8707 km2)

Mojave National Preserve California 7009625516725221699♠1,545,685.49 acres (6,255.1673 km2)

Noatak National Preserve Alaska 7010266569321594287♠6,587,071.39 acres (26,656.9322 km2)

Oregon
Oregon
Caves National Monument and Preserve Oregon 7007184295055533022♠4,554.03 acres (18.4295 km2)

Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve Kansas 7007440406029823598♠10,882.67 acres (44.0406 km2)

Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve Florida 7008187218383206871♠46,262.67 acres (187.2184 km2)

Valles Caldera National Preserve New Mexico 7008363270477830236♠89,766.09 acres (363.2705 km2)

Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Alaska 7010196379556413861♠4,852,644.52 acres (19,637.9556 km2)

Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve Alaska 7010102244330940874♠2,526,512.44 acres (10,224.4331 km2)

National historical parks[edit]

The bell tower atop Independence Hall, formerly home to the Liberty Bell (Independence National Historical Park)

Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park

Laboratory building at Thomas Edison National Historical Park

Keweenaw National Historical Park

There are 51 national historical parks.

Name Location Area (2017)

Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park Kentucky 7006139414203751680♠344.50 acres (1.3941 km2)

Adams National Historical Park Massachusetts 7004963961199815680♠23.82 acres (0.0964 km2)

Appomattox Court House National Historical Park Virginia 7006718155140719104♠1,774.60 acres (7.1816 km2)

Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park Rhode Island, Massachusetts 7006602576921295360♠1,489.00 acres (6.0258 km2)

Boston National Historical Park Massachusetts 7005177333248429568♠43.82 acres (0.1773 km2)

Cane River Creole National Historical Park Louisiana 7005831628994803200♠205.50 acres (0.8316 km2)

Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park Virginia 7007149992281754191♠3,706.39 acres (14.9992 km2)

Chaco Culture National Historical Park New Mexico 7008137432013007424♠33,960.19 acres (137.4320 km2)

Chesapeake and Ohio
Ohio
Canal National Historical Park District of Columbia, Maryland, West Virginia 7007793684454929850♠19,612.37 acres (79.3684 km2)

Colonial National Historical Park

Cape Henry Memorial Colonial Parkway Jamestown National Historic Site (affiliated area) Yorktown Battlefield Yorktown National Cemetery

Virginia 7007351142089600867♠8,676.91 acres (35.1142 km2)

Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia 7007993374966350610♠24,546.83 acres (99.3375 km2)

Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park Ohio 7005447258571803648♠110.52 acres (0.4473 km2)

First State National Historical Park Delaware, Pennsylvania 7006467428104212889♠1,155.04 acres (4.6743 km2)

George Rogers Clark National Historical Park Indiana 7005105906232574208♠26.17 acres (0.1059 km2)

Harriet Tubman National Historical Park New York 7005127475977305600♠31.50 acres (0.1275 km2)

Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park Maryland 7006194249108275200♠480.00 acres (1.9425 km2)

Harpers Ferry National Historical Park West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland 7007147961973887073♠3,656.22 acres (14.7962 km2)

Hopewell Culture National Historical Park Ohio 7006716370477036825♠1,770.19 acres (7.1637 km2)

Independence National Historical Park

Benjamin Franklin National Memorial
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial
(affiliated area) Deshler-Morris House Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site
(affiliated area) Independence Hall National Constitution Center Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial

Pennsylvania 7005181582447673088♠44.87 acres (0.1816 km2)

Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve

Chalmette National Cemetery

Louisiana 7007907340012867312♠22,420.86 acres (90.7340 km2)

Kalaupapa National Historical Park Hawaii 7007436205797542789♠10,778.88 acres (43.6206 km2)

Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park Hawaii 7006470669636207232♠1,163.05 acres (4.7067 km2)

Keweenaw National Historical Park Michigan 7006756762150988800♠1,870.00 acres (7.5676 km2)

Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park
(part of Klondike Gold Rush International Historical Park) Alaska, Washington 7007525949290251573♠12,996.49 acres (52.5949 km2)

Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks Oregon, Washington 7007138003874288473♠3,410.15 acres (13.8004 km2)

Lowell National Historical Park Massachusetts 7005573318149361408♠141.67 acres (0.5733 km2)

Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park Texas 7006636048470765030♠1,571.71 acres (6.3605 km2)

Manhattan Project National Historical Park New Mexico, Tennessee, Washington 7005459763358148864♠113.61 acres (0.4598 km2)

Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park Vermont 7006260241195955276♠643.07 acres (2.6024 km2)

Minute Man National Historical Park Massachusetts 7006415919715668582♠1,027.76 acres (4.1592 km2)

Morristown National Historical Park New Jersey 7006692303821892812♠1,710.72 acres (6.9230 km2)

Natchez National Historical Park Mississippi 7005438274550545920♠108.30 acres (0.4383 km2)

New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park Massachusetts 7005137593118361600♠34.00 acres (0.1376 km2)

New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park Louisiana 7004207603734469120♠5.13 acres (0.0208 km2)

Nez Perce National Historical Park Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington 7007184736162883064♠4,564.93 acres (18.4736 km2)

Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park Texas 7007139282276232309♠3,441.74 acres (13.9282 km2)

Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park New Jersey 7005207684671597568♠51.32 acres (0.2077 km2)

Pecos National Historical Park New Mexico 7007270875929947701♠6,693.49 acres (27.0876 km2)

Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park Hawaii 7006169887032612352♠419.80 acres (1.6989 km2)

Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park California 7005587563083968256♠145.19 acres (0.5876 km2)

Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve U.S. Virgin Islands 7006400404068145100♠989.42 acres (4.0040 km2)

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park Texas 7006383548911145804♠947.77 acres (3.8355 km2)

San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park California 7005201776261220864♠49.86 acres (0.2018 km2)

San Juan Island National Historical Park Washington 7006868277326564454♠2,145.56 acres (8.6828 km2)

Saratoga National Historical Park New York 7007144842656956687♠3,579.14 acres (14.4843 km2)

Sitka National Historical Park Alaska 7005470608933360896♠116.29 acres (0.4706 km2)

Thomas Edison National Historical Park New Jersey 7004859956989760000♠21.25 acres (0.0860 km2)

Tumacácori National Historical Park Arizona 7006145816330611916♠360.32 acres (1.4582 km2)

Valley Forge National Historical Park Pennsylvania 7007140332840159564♠3,467.70 acres (14.0333 km2)

War in the Pacific National Historical Park Guam 7006821774899414656♠2,030.65 acres (8.2177 km2)

Women's Rights National Historical Park New York 7004301086117826560♠7.44 acres (0.0301 km2)

Authorized national historical parks[edit]

Name Status

Coltsville National Historical Park Connecticut
Connecticut
(pending acquisition of property)

Ste. Genevieve National Historical Park Missouri
Missouri
(pending acquisition of property)

National historic sites[edit]

Harry S Truman National Historic Site

Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site

Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site

Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site

Castillo San Felipe del Morro
Castillo San Felipe del Morro
at San Juan National Historic Site

Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site

The National Park Service
National Park Service
administers the national historic sites, with the exception of Grey Towers National Historic Site
Grey Towers National Historic Site
(managed by the U.S. Forest Service) and Fort Craig National Historic Site (managed by the Bureau of Land Management). There are 89 national historic sites, of which 78 are NPS units and 11 are affiliated areas.

Name Location Area (2017)

Aleutian World War II National Historic Area
Aleutian World War II National Historic Area
(affiliated area) Alaska

Allegheny Portage Railroad
Allegheny Portage Railroad
National Historic Site Pennsylvania 7006519725629759564♠1,284.27 acres (5.1973 km2)

Andersonville National Historic Site

Andersonville National Cemetery

Georgia 7006208659963995366♠515.61 acres (2.0866 km2)

Andrew Johnson National Historic Site

Andrew Johnson National Cemetery

Tennessee 7004675015651256320♠16.68 acres (0.0675 km2)

Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site Colorado 7006323262891021312♠798.80 acres (3.2326 km2)

Boston African American National Historic Site Massachusetts 7003238764528921600♠0.59 acres (0.0024 km2)

Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site Kansas 7003748668438144000♠1.85 acres (0.0075 km2)

Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site North Carolina 7006106695369576576♠263.65 acres (1.0670 km2)

Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 7002607028463360000♠0.15 acres (0.00061 km2)

Charles Pinckney National Historic Site South Carolina 7005115133065217280♠28.45 acres (0.1151 km2)

Chicago Portage National Historic Site
Chicago Portage National Historic Site
(affiliated area) Illinois

Chimney Rock National Historic Site
Chimney Rock National Historic Site
(affiliated area) Nebraska

Christiansted National Historic Site U.S. Virgin Islands 7005109872151868160♠27.15 acres (0.1099 km2)

Clara Barton National Historic Site Maryland 7004347624966684160♠8.59 acres (0.0348 km2)

Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site Pennsylvania 7003210436533964800♠0.52 acres (0.0021 km2)

Eisenhower National Historic Site Pennsylvania 7006279419248541030♠690.46 acres (2.7942 km2)

Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site New York 7005730457584243200♠180.50 acres (0.7305 km2)

Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site California 7004533780362114560♠13.19 acres (0.0534 km2)

Fallen Timbers Battlefield
Fallen Timbers Battlefield
and Fort Miamis National Historic Site (affiliated area) Ohio

First Ladies National Historic Site Ohio 7003186155395430400♠0.46 acres (0.0019 km2)

Ford's Theatre
Ford's Theatre
National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 7003121405692672000♠0.30 acres (0.0012 km2)

Fort Bowie National Historic Site Arizona 7006404463065136768♠999.45 acres (4.0446 km2)

Fort Davis National Historic Site Texas 7006211650590891520♠523.00 acres (2.1165 km2)

Fort Laramie National Historic Site Wyoming 7006353335081096166♠873.11 acres (3.5334 km2)

Fort Larned National Historic Site Kansas 7006290722118528793♠718.39 acres (2.9072 km2)

Fort Point National Historic Site California 7005117358836249600♠29.00 acres (0.1174 km2)

Fort Raleigh National Historic Site North Carolina 7006207575406474163♠512.93 acres (2.0758 km2)

Fort Scott National Historic Site Kansas 7004675420336898560♠16.69 acres (0.0675 km2)

Fort Smith National Historic Site Arkansas, Oklahoma 7005303514231680000♠75.00 acres (0.3035 km2)

Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site North Dakota 7006178118338575513♠440.14 acres (1.7812 km2)

Fort Vancouver
Fort Vancouver
National Historic Site

Fort Vancouver McLoughlin House Vancouver National Historic Reserve

Washington, Oregon 7005836566159638528♠206.72 acres (0.8366 km2)

Frederick Douglass National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 7004346815595399680♠8.57 acres (0.0347 km2)

Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site Massachusetts 7004291778348055040♠7.21 acres (0.0292 km2)

Friendship Hill National Historic Site Pennsylvania 7006272984746829414♠674.56 acres (2.7298 km2)

Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site
(affiliated area) Pennsylvania

Golden Spike National Historic Site Utah 7007110692854350622♠2,735.28 acres (11.0693 km2)

Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site Montana 7006654955383970483♠1,618.43 acres (6.5496 km2)

Hampton National Historic Site Maryland 7005251066972445696♠62.04 acres (0.2511 km2)

Harry S Truman National Historic Site Missouri 7004509499223580160♠12.59 acres (0.0509 km2)

Herbert Hoover National Historic Site Iowa 7005755952779704320♠186.80 acres (0.7560 km2)

Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site
Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site
(affiliated area) South Carolina

Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site New York 7006337277154812083♠833.43 acres (3.3728 km2)

Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site Pennsylvania 7006343197705758054♠848.06 acres (3.4320 km2)

Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site Arizona 7005647861244662016♠160.09 acres (0.6479 km2)

James A. Garfield National Historic Site Ohio 7004316464172231680♠7.82 acres (0.0316 km2)

Jamestown National Historic Site (affiliated area) Virginia

Jimmy Carter National Historic Site Georgia 7005292223502261504♠72.21 acres (0.2922 km2)

John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site Massachusetts 7002364217078016000♠0.09 acres (0.00036 km2)

John Muir National Historic Site California 7006139268516920473♠344.14 acres (1.3927 km2)

Kate Mullany National Historic Site
Kate Mullany National Historic Site
(affiliated area) New York

Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site North Dakota 7006707714251149312♠1,748.80 acres (7.0771 km2)

Lincoln Home National Historic Site Illinois 7004495335226101760♠12.24 acres (0.0495 km2)

Little Rock Central High School
Little Rock Central High School
National Historic Site Arkansas 7005110398243203072♠27.28 acres (0.1104 km2)

Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site Massachusetts 7003801277571635200♠1.98 acres (0.0080 km2)

Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site
Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site
(affiliated area) New York

Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site Virginia 7003522044478489600♠1.29 acres (0.0052 km2)

Manzanar
Manzanar
National Historic Site California 7006329337222511334♠813.81 acres (3.2934 km2)

Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site Georgia 7005156613343546880♠38.70 acres (0.1566 km2)

Martin Van Buren National Historic Site New York 7006115307080043443♠284.93 acres (1.1531 km2)

Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 7002283279949568000♠0.07 acres (0.00028 km2)

Minidoka National Historic Site Idaho 7006160376920019712♠396.30 acres (1.6038 km2)

Minuteman Missile National Historic Site South Dakota 7005177252311301120♠43.80 acres (0.1773 km2)

Nicodemus National Historic Site Kansas 7004709009245204480♠17.52 acres (0.0709 km2)

Ninety Six National Historic Site South Carolina 7006413564445230745♠1,021.94 acres (4.1356 km2)

Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Avenue National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 7004712651415984640♠17.61 acres (0.0713 km2)

President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site Arkansas 7003275186236723200♠0.68 acres (0.0028 km2)

Puʻukoholā Heiau National Historic Site Hawaii 7005349000897867776♠86.24 acres (0.3490 km2)

Sagamore Hill National Historic Site New York 7005335970020187648♠83.02 acres (0.3360 km2)

Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site New York 7004248072298693120♠6.13 acres (0.0248 km2)

Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site New Hampshire 7005771937862572800♠190.75 acres (0.7719 km2)

Salem Maritime National Historic Site Massachusetts 7004365026449300480♠9.02 acres (0.0365 km2)

San Juan National Historic Site Puerto Rico 7005304040323014912♠75.13 acres (0.3040 km2)

Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Colorado 7007509229702942428♠12,583.34 acres (50.9230 km2)

Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site Massachusetts 7004344387481546240♠8.51 acres (0.0344 km2)

Springfield Armory National Historic Site Massachusetts 7005222293823282432♠54.93 acres (0.2223 km2)

Steamtown National Historic Site Pennsylvania 7005252645246450432♠62.43 acres (0.2526 km2)

Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site New York 7002445154206464000♠0.11 acres (0.00045 km2)

Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site New York 7003477529057843200♠1.18 acres (0.0048 km2)

Thomas Cole National Historic Site
Thomas Cole National Historic Site
(affiliated area) New York

Thomas Stone National Historic Site Maryland 7006132838062065280♠328.25 acres (1.3284 km2)

Touro Synagogue National Historic Site
Touro Synagogue National Historic Site
(affiliated area) Rhode Island

Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site Alabama 7005362922083960832♠89.68 acres (0.3629 km2)

Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site Alabama 7005234393923985408♠57.92 acres (0.2344 km2)

Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site Missouri 7004388498216550400♠9.60 acres (0.0388 km2)

Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site New York 7005856517161800960♠211.65 acres (0.8565 km2)

Washita Battlefield National Historic Site Oklahoma 7006127556914434048♠315.20 acres (1.2756 km2)

Weir Farm National Historic Site Connecticut 7005300276746542080♠74.20 acres (0.3003 km2)

Whitman Mission National Historic Site Washington 7005560611020195072♠138.53 acres (0.5606 km2)

William Howard Taft National Historic Site Ohio 7004147305573775360♠3.64 acres (0.0147 km2)

Disbanded national historic sites[edit]

Name Established Disbanded Result

Atlanta Campaign National Historic Site October 13, 1944 September 21, 1950 Transferred to state of Georgia; park never developed beyond a set of six roadside interpretive markers along the Dixie Highway

Mar-a-Lago
Mar-a-Lago
National Historic Site October 21, 1972 December 23, 1980 Returned to a nonprofit foundation operated by the Post family, the original owners of the site

McLoughlin House National Historic Site June 27, 1941 July 29, 2003 Merged into Fort Vancouver
Fort Vancouver
National Historic Site

St. Thomas National Historic Site December 24, 1960 February 5, 1975 Transferred to U.S. Virgin Islands; currently operated as a Virgin Islands territorial park

Sewall-Belmont House National Historic Site

April 12, 2016 Redesignated Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument
Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument
and changed from affiliated unit to an NPS unit

Edison Home National Historic Site December 6, 1955 September 5, 1962 Combined with Edison Laboratory National Monument
Edison Laboratory National Monument
into Edison National Historic Site, later redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park

Edison National Historic Site September 5, 1962 March 30, 2009 Redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park

Authorized national historic sites[edit]

Name Status

Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home National Historic Site Pending acquisition of property

International historic site[edit]

Name Location

Saint Croix Island International Historic Site Maine/New Brunswick

National battlefield parks[edit]

Malvern Hill, Richmond National Battlefield Park, Virginia

Name Location

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park Georgia

Manassas National Battlefield Park Virginia

Richmond National Battlefield Park Virginia

River Raisin National Battlefield Park Michigan

National military parks[edit]

Vicksburg National Military Park

Name Location

Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Georgia, Tennessee

Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park

Fredericksburg National Cemetery

Virginia

Gettysburg National Military Park

Gettysburg National Cemetery

Pennsylvania

Guilford Courthouse National Military Park North Carolina

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park Alabama

Kings Mountain National Military Park South Carolina

Pea Ridge National Military Park Arkansas

Shiloh National Military Park

Shiloh National Cemetery

Tennessee, Mississippi

Vicksburg National Military Park

Vicksburg National Cemetery

Mississippi, Louisiana

Disbanded national military parks[edit]

Name Established Disbanded Result

Moore's Creek National Military Park June 2, 1926 September 8, 1980 Redesignated as Moores Creek National Battlefield

Monocacy National Military Park June 21, 1934 October 21, 1976 Redesignated Monocacy National Battlefield; previously Monocacy National Battlefield Site (1929 to 1934)

National battlefields[edit]

Fort Donelson National Battlefield

Name Location

Antietam National Battlefield

Antietam National Cemetery

Maryland

Big Hole National Battlefield Montana

Cowpens National Battlefield South Carolina

Fort Donelson National Battlefield

Fort Donelson National Cemetery

Tennessee, Kentucky

Fort Necessity National Battlefield Pennsylvania

Monocacy National Battlefield Maryland

Moores Creek National Battlefield North Carolina

Petersburg National Battlefield

Poplar Grove National Cemetery

Virginia

Stones River National Battlefield

Stones River National Cemetery

Tennessee

Tupelo National Battlefield Mississippi

Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Missouri

National battlefield site[edit]

Name Location

Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site Mississippi

Disbanded national battlefield sites[edit]

Name Established Disbanded Result

Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
Site August 30, 1890 1978 Redesignated Antietam National Battlefield

New Orleans Battlefield Site (Chalmette Monument and Grounds) March 4, 1907 1939 Redesignated Chalmette National Historical Park; incorporated into Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Nov. 10, 1978

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Site February 8, 1917 1935 Redesignated Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

White Plains National Battlefield Site May 18, 1926 1956 Assumed by Battle of White Plains
Battle of White Plains
Monument Committee, 1958

Tupelo National Battlefield
Tupelo National Battlefield
Site February 21, 1929 1961 Redesignated Tupelo National Battlefield

Monocacy National Battlefield
Monocacy National Battlefield
Site March 1, 1929 June 21, 1934 Reauthorized as a National Military Park; redesignated Monocacy National Battlefield, Oct. 21, 1976

Cowpens National Battlefield
Cowpens National Battlefield
Site March 4, 1929 1972 Redesignated Cowpens National Battlefield

Appomattox Battlefield Site June 18, 1930 1935 Designated Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument; redesignated Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, 1954

Fort Necessity National Battlefield
Fort Necessity National Battlefield
Site March 4, 1931 1961 Redesignated Fort Necessity National Battlefield

National memorials[edit]

Lincoln Memorial

Benjamin Franklin National Memorial

Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial

Main article: List of national memorials of the United States There are 29 national memorials that are NPS units and five affiliated national memorials.

Name Location Area[1]

American Memorial Park
American Memorial Park
(affiliated area) Northern Mariana Islands

Arkansas
Arkansas
Post National Memorial Arkansas 7006306553420853222♠757.51 acres (3.0655 km2)

Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial Virginia 7005113635728340991♠28.08 acres (0.1136 km2)

Benjamin Franklin National Memorial
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial
(affiliated area) Pennsylvania

Chamizal National Memorial Texas 7005222172417589760♠54.90 acres (0.2222 km2)

Coronado National Memorial Arizona 7007195472068286049♠4,830.22 acres (19.5472 km2)

De Soto National Memorial Florida 7005121405692672000♠30 acres (0.12 km2)

Father Marquette National Memorial
Father Marquette National Memorial
(affiliated area) Michigan

Federal Hall
Federal Hall
National Memorial New York 7003182108539008000♠0.45 acres (0.0018 km2)

Flight 93 National Memorial Pennsylvania 7006938854502571110♠2,319.96 acres (9.3885 km2)

Fort Caroline
Fort Caroline
National Memorial Florida 7005560044460295936♠138.39 acres (0.5600 km2)

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial Washington, D.C. 7004329414112783360♠8.14 acres (0.0329 km2)

General Grant National Memorial New York 7003307561088102400♠.76 acres (0.0031 km2)

Hamilton Grange National Memorial New York 7003420873067929600♠1.04 acres (0.0042 km2)

Johnstown Flood National Memorial Pennsylvania 7005719369197645823♠177.76 acres (0.7194 km2)

Korean War
Korean War
Veterans Memorial Washington, D.C. 7003631309601894400♠1.56 acres (0.0063 km2)

Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial Indiana 7005807954884732160♠199.65 acres (0.8080 km2)

Lincoln Memorial Washington, D.C. 7004295015833192960♠7.29 acres (0.0295 km2)

Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac Washington, D.C. 7004687965591808000♠17 acres (0.069 km2)

Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Washington, D.C. 7004110883865973760♠2.74 acres (0.0111 km2)

Mount Rushmore
Mount Rushmore
National Memorial South Dakota 7006517370359321728♠1,278.45 acres (5.1737 km2)

Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City National Memorial (affiliated area) Oklahoma

Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial Ohio 7005102709216000512♠25.38 acres (0.1027 km2)

Port Chicago Naval Magazine National Memorial California 7004202342821120000♠5.00 acres (0.0202 km2)

Red Hill Patrick Henry National Memorial
Red Hill Patrick Henry National Memorial
(affiliated area) Virginia

Roger Williams National Memorial Rhode Island 7004184536652861439♠4.56 acres (0.0185 km2)

Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial Pennsylvania 7001809371284480000♠.02 acres (8.1×10−5 km2)

Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial Washington, D.C. 7005358146793382400♠88.5 acres (0.358 km2)

Thomas Jefferson Memorial Washington, D.C. 7004743002839152639♠18.36 acres (0.0743 km2)

Vietnam Veterans Memorial Washington, D.C. 7003882214700083200♠2.18 acres (0.0088 km2)

Washington Monument Washington, D.C. 7005429007249338624♠106.01 acres (0.4290 km2)

World War I Memorial Washington, D.C. 7003712246730342400♠1.76 acres (0.0071 km2)

World War II Memorial Washington, D.C. 7004333865654848000♠8.25 acres (0.0334 km2)

Wright Brothers National Memorial North Carolina 7006173383516561305♠428.44 acres (1.7338 km2)

Disbanded national memorials[edit]

Name Established Disbanded Result

Camp Blount Tablets National Memorial 1930 1944 Transferred to NPS in 1933 from War Dept., it was never developed; only a stone marker remains off U.S. Route 231
U.S. Route 231
near Fayetteville, Tennessee

Fort Clatsop National Memorial May 29, 1958 October 30, 2004 Incorporated into Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks

Jefferson National Expansion Memorial December 21, 1935 February 22, 2018 Redesignated as Gateway Arch National Park

New Echota
New Echota
Marker National Memorial August 10, 1933 September 21, 1950 Transferred to state of Georgia; currently operated as a Georgia state park.

Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City National Memorial October 9, 1997 January 23, 2004 Transferred to the nonprofit Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City National Memorial Foundation; NPS interpretation continues at this affiliated unit

Authorized national memorials[edit]

Name Law

Adams Memorial Authorized by Public Law 107-62

Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Authorized by Public Law 107-117

National Desert Storm/Desert Shield Memorial Authorized by National Defense Authorization Act 2015[9]

National recreation areas[edit]

Lake Mead National Recreation Area

Delaware
Delaware
Water Gap National Recreation Area

There are 18 national recreation areas administered by the National Park Service.

Name Location

Amistad National Recreation Area Texas

Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area Montana, Wyoming

Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Massachusetts

Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area Georgia

Chickasaw National Recreation Area Oklahoma

Curecanti National Recreation Area Colorado

Delaware
Delaware
Water Gap National Recreation Area

Middle Delaware
Delaware
National Scenic River

New Jersey, Pennsylvania

Gateway National Recreation Area New York, New Jersey

Gauley River National Recreation Area West Virginia

Glen Canyon National Recreation Area Utah, Arizona

Golden Gate National Recreation Area

Alcatraz Island Presidio of San Francisco

California

Lake Chelan National Recreation Area Washington

Lake Mead National Recreation Area

Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument

Nevada, Arizona

Lake Meredith National Recreation Area Texas

Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area Washington

Ross Lake National Recreation Area Washington

Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area California

Whiskeytown National Recreation Area California

Disestablished or transferred national recreation areas[edit]

Name Established Disbanded Result

Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area December 27, 1974 October 11, 2000 Redesignated as Cuyahoga Valley National Park

Shasta Lake
Shasta Lake
Recreation Area May 22, 1945 July 1, 1948 Transferred to U.S. Forest Service

Lake Texoma
Lake Texoma
Recreation Area April 18, 1946 June 30, 1949 Returned to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Millerton Lake
Millerton Lake
Recreation Area May 22, 1945 November 1, 1957 Transferred to state of California; currently operated by the California
California
Department of Water Resources

Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area July 22, 1963 October 1, 1968 Transferred to U.S. Forest Service

Shadow Mountain National Recreation Area June 27, 1952 March 1, 1979 Transferred to U.S. Forest Service

National seashores[edit]

Wild horses on Assateague Island National Seashore

Cape Hatteras National Seashore

Main article: List of United States
United States
national lakeshores and seashores There are 10 national seashores.

Name Location

Assateague Island National Seashore Maryland, Virginia

Canaveral National Seashore Florida

Cape Cod National Seashore Massachusetts

Cape Hatteras National Seashore North Carolina

Cape Lookout National Seashore North Carolina

Cumberland Island National Seashore Georgia

Fire Island National Seashore New York

Gulf Islands National Seashore Florida, Mississippi

Padre Island National Seashore Texas

Point Reyes National Seashore California

National lakeshores[edit]

Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore

Main article: List of United States
United States
national lakeshores and seashores There are four national lakeshores, located in Michigan, Indiana, and Wisconsin.

Name Location

Apostle Islands National Lakeshore Wisconsin

Indiana
Indiana
Dunes National Lakeshore Indiana

Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Michigan

Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Michigan

National rivers and national wild and scenic rivers[edit]

The Buffalo National River, the first National River established in the United States

Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway

There are 5 national rivers (marked with an asterisk) and 10 national wild and scenic rivers administered as distinct units of the National Park System.

Name Location

Alagnak Wild and Scenic River Alaska

Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area* Kentucky, Tennessee

Bluestone National Scenic River West Virginia

Buffalo National River* Arkansas

Great Egg Harbor National Scenic and Recreational River New Jersey

Middle Delaware
Delaware
National Scenic River New Jersey, Pennsylvania

Mississippi
Mississippi
National River and Recreation Area* Minnesota

Missouri
Missouri
National Recreational River Nebraska, South Dakota

New River Gorge National River* West Virginia

Niobrara National Scenic River Nebraska

Obed Wild and Scenic River Tennessee

Ozark National Scenic Riverways* Missouri

Rio Grande
Rio Grande
Wild and Scenic River Texas

Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway Wisconsin, Minnesota

Upper Delaware
Delaware
Scenic and Recreational River New York, Pennsylvania

National reserves[edit]

City of Rocks National Reserve, Idaho, USA

Name Location

City of Rocks National Reserve Idaho

Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve Washington

New Jersey
New Jersey
Pinelands National Reserve (affiliated area) New Jersey

National parkways[edit]

Blue Ridge Parkway, Virginia
Virginia
and North Carolina

Name Location

Baltimore-Washington Parkway
Baltimore-Washington Parkway
(affiliated area) Maryland, Washington, D.C.

Blue Ridge Parkway Virginia, North Carolina

Colonial Parkway
Colonial Parkway
(part of Colonial National Historical Park) Virginia

Foothills Parkway
Foothills Parkway
(part of Great Smoky Mountains National Park) Tennessee

George Washington Memorial Parkway
George Washington Memorial Parkway
(In 1989, the Maryland
Maryland
and DC portions of the Parkway were renamed Clara Barton Parkway
Clara Barton Parkway
to overcome motorist confusion).

Claude Moore Colonial Farm Glen Echo Park Great Falls Park Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial

Virginia, Maryland, Washington, D.C.

John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway Wyoming

Natchez Trace Parkway Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee

Oxon Run Parkway (affiliated area) Washington, D.C.

Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway
Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway
(affiliated area) Washington, D.C.

Suitland Parkway
Suitland Parkway
(affiliated area) Maryland

National historic and scenic trails[edit]

Appalachian Trail

These National Park Service
National Park Service
trails are part of the larger National Trails System. Only three of the trails are considered official units of the park system.

Name Location

Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail Hawaii

Appalachian Trail
Appalachian Trail
(one of the 417 official units) Maine
Maine
- Georgia

California
California
National Historic Trail Missouri
Missouri
- California

Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Delaware
Delaware
- District of Columbia
District of Columbia
- Maryland
Maryland
- Virginia

El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail Louisiana
Louisiana
- Texas

El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro
El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro
National Historic Trail New Mexico

Ice Age National Scenic Trail Wisconsin

Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Arizona
Arizona
- California

Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail Illinois
Illinois
- Oregon

Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail Illinois
Illinois
- Utah

Natchez Trace Trail
Natchez Trace Trail
(one of the 417 official units) Mississippi
Mississippi
- Tennessee

New England
New England
National Scenic Trail Connecticut
Connecticut
- Massachusetts

North Country National Scenic Trail New York - North Dakota

Old Spanish National Historic Trail New Mexico
New Mexico
- California

Oregon
Oregon
National Historic Trail Missouri
Missouri
- Oregon

Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail Virginia
Virginia
- Tennessee
Tennessee
- North Carolina
North Carolina
- South Carolina

Pony Express National Historic Trail Missouri
Missouri
- California

Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail (one of the 417 official units) Virginia
Virginia
- Maryland
Maryland
- Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
- Washington, D.C.

Santa Fe National Historic Trail Missouri
Missouri
- New Mexico

Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail Alabama

Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail District of Columbia
District of Columbia
- Maryland
Maryland
- Virginia

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail Tennessee
Tennessee
- Oklahoma

Washington-Rochambeau National Historic Trail Massachusetts
Massachusetts
- Virginia

National cemeteries[edit]

Gettysburg National Cemetery

Most national cemeteries are administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs, although a few are managed by the National Park Service and the U.S. Army. None of the cemeteries are considered official units of the system; they are all affiliated with other parks.

Name Location

Andersonville National Cemetery Georgia

Andrew Johnson National Cemetery Tennessee

Antietam National Cemetery Maryland

Battleground National Cemetery Washington, D.C.

Chalmette National Cemetery Louisiana

Custer National Cemetery Montana

Fort Donelson National Cemetery Tennessee

Fredericksburg National Cemetery Virginia

Gettysburg National Cemetery Pennsylvania

Poplar Grove National Cemetery Virginia

Shiloh National Cemetery Tennessee

Stones River National Cemetery Tennessee

Vicksburg National Cemetery Mississippi

Yorktown National Cemetery Virginia

Transferred national cemeteries[edit]

Name Established Disbanded Result

Chattanooga National Cemetery August 10, 1933 December 7, 1944 returned to War Department

National heritage areas[edit] See also: U.S. National Heritage Areas The National Park Service
National Park Service
provides limited assistance to national heritage areas, but does not administer them. Other NPS protected areas and administrative groups[edit]

National Mall

Roosevelt Campobello International Park
Roosevelt Campobello International Park
(affiliated area)

Acadian Landing Site
Acadian Landing Site
at Maine
Maine
Acadian Culture (affiliated area)

There are 11 NPS units of other designations, as well as other affiliated areas. The National Mall
National Mall
and national capital parks have many sites, some of which are also units of other designations and some are also national historic sites.

Name Location

Catoctin Mountain Park Maryland

Ice Age National Scientific Reserve
Ice Age National Scientific Reserve
(affiliated area) Wisconsin

International Peace Garden
International Peace Garden
(affiliated area) North Dakota/Manitoba

Inupiat Heritage Center (affiliated area) Alaska

Maine
Maine
Acadian Culture (affiliated area) Maine

National Capital Parks
National Capital Parks
(official unit of other designation)

National Capital Parks-East
National Capital Parks-East
(administrative unit of the National Park Service)

Anacostia Park Baltimore-Washington Parkway Capitol Hill Parks Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site Fort Dupont Park Fort Foote
Fort Foote
Park Fort Washington Park
Fort Washington Park
(official unit of other designation) Frederick Douglass National Historic Site Greenbelt Park
Greenbelt Park
(official unit of other designation) Harmony Hall (Fort Washington, Maryland) Kenilworth Park and Aquatic Gardens Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm Oxon Run Parkway (affiliated area) Piscataway Park
Piscataway Park
(official unit of other designation) Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument Suitland Parkway

National Mall
National Mall
and Memorial Parks (administrative unit of the National Park Service - formerly National Capital Parks-Central)

African American Civil War
American Civil War
Memorial American Veterans Disabled for Life Memorial Constitution Gardens
Constitution Gardens
(official unit of other designation) East Potomac Park Ford's Theatre
Ford's Theatre
National Historic Site Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial George Mason Memorial Thomas Jefferson Memorial John Ericsson National Memorial Korean War
Korean War
Veterans Memorial Lincoln Memorial National Mall
National Mall
(official unit of other designation) Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Avenue National Historic Site Old Post Office Pavilion United States
United States
Navy Memorial Vietnam Veterans Memorial Washington Monument West Potomac Park World War I Memorial World War II Memorial

White House/ President's Park
President's Park
(official unit of other designation) Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
(official unit of other designation)

Dumbarton Oaks Park Battleground National Cemetery Meridian Hill Park Old Stone House Peirce Mill Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway

Washington, D.C./Maryland

Prince William Forest Park Virginia

Roosevelt Campobello International Park
Roosevelt Campobello International Park
(affiliated area) New Brunswick

Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience (affiliated area)[10] Washington

Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts Virginia

There are also various administrative groups of listed parks, such as Manhattan Sites, National Parks of New York Harbor, and Western Arctic National Parklands. The NPS also owns conservation easements (but not the land itself) for part of the area called the Green Springs National Historic Landmark District. Disbanded other areas[edit]

Name Established Disbanded Result

Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument 1935 1954 Redesignated Appomattox Court House National Historical Park; previously Appomattox National Battlefield Site (1930-1935)

Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts October 15, 1966 August 21, 2002 Redesignated Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts

National Visitor Center, Washington, D.C. March 12, 1968 December 29, 1981 Transferred to Department of Transportation

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts June 16, 1972 July 21, 1994 Transferred to Kennedy Center Trustees

New Jersey
New Jersey
Coastal Heritage Trail Route (affiliated area) 1988 September 30, 2011 Multiple site agencies continue managing the route without NPS partnership[11]

In the 1930 and 1940s, the NPS developed dozens of recreational demonstration areas, most of which eventually became national or state parks. See also[edit]

List of the United States
United States
National Park System
National Park System
official units (the 417) List of all national parks of the world List of U.S. state
U.S. state
parks United States
United States
Memorials National Park Passport Stamps List of National Natural Landmarks List of tourist attractions worldwide

References[edit]

^ a b c "National Reports". National Park Service. Retrieved 25 February 2018. Click on Park Acreage Reports (1997 – Last Calendar/Fiscal Year), then select By Park, Calendar Year, <choose year>, and then click the View PDF Report button - the areas used here are the Gross Area Acres which are in the final column of the report  ^ "Herbert Hoover's National Parks - Herbert Hoover National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)". nps.gov. Retrieved 15 August 2016.  ^ "History". bobspixels.com. Retrieved 15 August 2016.  ^ "Herbert Hoover: Proclamation 2022 - Grand Canyon National Monument". ucsb.edu. Retrieved 15 August 2016.  ^ "Enrolled Bill s. 1296 - Grand Canyon National Park
Grand Canyon National Park
Enlargement Act" (PDF). fordlibrarymuseum.gov. January 2, 1975. Retrieved August 15, 2016.  ^ " Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park
- Lehman Caves National Monument
Lehman Caves National Monument
(U.S. National Park Service)". National Park Service. Retrieved 5 January 2012.  ^ Rogers, Paul (January 10, 2013). "Pinnacles becomes a national park -- the closest to Bay Area". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 22 February 2015.  ^ Andrew Johnson National Historic Site
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site
Administrative History, National Park Service, 2008, pp. 121-122 ^ National Park Service-related provisions in the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 15, National Park Service, Dec. 19, 2014. ^ Jack Broom, National Parks to recognize Wing Luke Museum Archived 2014-10-13 at the Wayback Machine., Seattle Times, 2013-02-06. Accessed online 2013-02-09. ^ "Error retrieving uploaded document". nps.gov. Retrieved 15 August 2016. 

Bureau Historian (2006). "Former National Park System
National Park System
Units: An Analysis". National Park Service. "National Monument Proclamations under the Antiquities Act" National Park Service
National Park Service
Office of Public Affairs (2009). "UNITS & RELATED AREAS & RELATED AREAS IN THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM". Last updated January 13, 2017. (Lists 317 NPS units and related areas by classification).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Properties of the National Park Service by type.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for United States
United States
National Parks.

Alphabetical list of places at the National Park Service
National Park Service
website Former National Park System
National Park System
Units: An Analysis National Park Service National Park System
National Park System
Units by type National Park Foundation Parks by Date of Establishment America's Hidden Treasures, an essay on the lesser known National Parks [1] The National Park Travelers Club - an organization of individuals attempting to visit all units of the NPS

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