List of Sony Walkman products
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The following is a partial list of Sony Walkman products which includes products of various formats under the brand. Up to March 2010
Sony , commonly stylized as SONY, is a Japanese Multinational corporation, multinational conglomerate (company), conglomerate corporation headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan. As a major technology company, it operates as one of the world's la ...
built 400 million
Walkman Walkman, stylised as , is a brand of portable audio player A portable audio player is a personal mobile device that allows the user to listen to recorded sound recording, audio while mobile. Sometimes a distinction is made between a ''portabl ...
s (of which 200,020,000 were original cassette Walkmans) worldwide.


Walkman (original cassette tape)

The original Sony Walkman TPS-L2 was introduced on July 1, 1979. Through the 1980s and 1990s, Sony created many versions and variations in the cassette tape Walkman line such as the DD series and WM series. Below is an incomplete list of cassette tape based Walkman models.


Radio Walkman

Sony branded portable
radio receiver In radio, radio communications, a radio receiver, also known as a receiver, a wireless, or simply a radio, is an electronic device that receives radio waves and converts the information carried by them to a usable form. It is used with an anten ...
s with the "FM Walkman" name starting with the SRF-40 in 1980. Various FM, AM and
DAB DAB, dab, dabs, or dabbing may refer to: Dictionaries * ''Dictionary of American Biography'', published under the auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies * ''Dictionary of Australian Biography The ''Dictionary of Australian B ...
receivers have been made.


CD Walkman (formerly Discman)

See
Discman Discman was Sony's brand name for portable CD players. The first Discman, the Sony D-50 or D-5 (depending on region), was launched in 1984. The brand name changed to CD Walkman, initially for Japanese lineups launched between October 1997 and Ma ...
, launch 1984.


Video Walkman

Sony's first brand extension of the Walkman cassette players were portable
Video8 The 8mm video format refers informally to three related videocassette Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually Sound recording and reproduction, sound in addition. Information stored can be in the form of either an analog ...
cassette recorders with color LCD displays, released 1989.


DAT Walkman

Portable Digital Audio Tape (DAT) players called DAT Walkman were made. The first model, TCD-D3, was released in 1990. The final model, TCD-D100, was discontinued in Japan in 2005.


MiniDisc Walkman

The first
MiniDisc MiniDisc (MD) is an erasable Magneto-optical drive, magneto-optical disc-based data storage device, data storage format offering a capacity of 60, 74, and later, 80 minutes of digitized sound, audio. Sony announced the MiniDisc in Septembe ...
Walkmans ("MD WALKMAN"), MZ-1 (recorder/player) and MZ-2P (player), were released in 1992. Until end of 1998 4.6 million units of the MD Walkman were built. Production of the final MiniDisc Walkman, MZ-RH1 (Hi-MD), stopped in September 2011.


R Series

The MZ-R2 was one of the earliest MD Walkman products, released in December 1993. It was followed by the MZ-R3.


E Series

The MZ-E series models are all exclusively players (i.e. they do not record). The MZ-E50 was the smallest and lightest MiniDisc player when released in late 1996.


B Series

The first B model was the MZ-B3 recorder from 1995. There were later also the MZ-B50 recorder, released October 2000, the MZ-B100, and the MZ-B10.


G Series


N Series

Sony expanded
MiniDisc MiniDisc (MD) is an erasable Magneto-optical drive, magneto-optical disc-based data storage device, data storage format offering a capacity of 60, 74, and later, 80 minutes of digitized sound, audio. Sony announced the MiniDisc in Septembe ...
's possibilities with the introduction of NetMD (NetworkMD). These allowed the use of a PC to convert music from CDs or MP3s into
ATRAC3 Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding (ATRAC) is a family of proprietary audio codec, audio compression algorithms developed by Sony. MiniDisc was the first commercial product to incorporate ATRAC in 1992. ATRAC allowed a relatively small disc like M ...
format, and use a USB cable to transfer the music to the MiniDisc at a much faster rate than was possible when using a line-in cable. The MZ-N10 was released in 2002. It was Sony's '10th Anniversary' product, released 10 years after the introduction of the MiniDisc format in 1992. The case was made from a magnesium alloy, and the unit featured a built-in
lithium-ion battery A lithium-ion or Li-ion battery is a type of rechargeable battery which uses the reversible Redox, reduction of lithium ions to store energy. It is the predominant battery type used in portable consumer electronics and electric vehicles. It als ...
which provided 24 hours of battery life. The MZ-N10 allowed music to be transferred from a PC at up to 64 times actual playback speed, not including the time required for audio re-encoding. It was also the first MD Walkman to incorporate the
ATRAC Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding (ATRAC) is a family of proprietary audio codec, audio compression algorithms developed by Sony. MiniDisc was the first commercial product to incorporate ATRAC in 1992. ATRAC allowed a relatively small disc like M ...
DSP TYPE S codec, and is today (2006) the lightest recording MD Walkman ever produced. The accompanying 10th anniversary playback-only MiniDisc Walkman, the MZ-E10, was also released. It is the lightest MD Walkman ever produced, weighing 55 g (including built-in rechargeable battery) with a thickness of 9.9 mm.


Hi-MD compatible players

In 2004, Sony introduced the
Hi-MD Hi-MD is a Magneto-optical drive, magneto-optical disc-based data storage device, data storage format. It was a further development of the MiniDisc. With its release in later 2004,
format. Hi-MD Walkmans use 1 GB Hi-MD discs in the same form-factor as regular MiniDiscs, and allow 1 GB of files and/or audio to be stored per disc. They also accept regular MiniDiscs, which can be initialized in Hi-MD mode for 305 MB capacity per disc (with the added ability to store audio and data, like Hi-MD discs). Unlike NetMD, Hi-MD Walkmans allow two-way digital transfers to and from PCs virtually unrestricted. Hi-MD also allows the option to record and transfer audio in lossless linear PCM on standard MiniDiscs and Hi-MD discs. This offers sound quality equal to CD (as opposed to lossy ATRAC codecs used on standard MiniDisc/ NetMD). Hi-MD Walkmans introduced from 2005 onwards allowed direct playback of MP3s without the need to transcode the MP3s to ATRAC format. However,
SonicStage SonicStage is a discontinued software product from Sony that is used for managing portable devices when they are plugged into a computer running Microsoft Windows. It comprises a music player and library manager, similar to iTunes, Windows Media Pl ...
is required for transfer onto the disc itself. Playable audio cannot be transferred to the devices without SonicStage.


DVD Walkman (formerly DVD Discman)

In 1998 portable
DVD The DVD (common abbreviation for Digital Video Disc or Digital Versatile Disc) is a digital optical disc data storage format. It was invented and developed in 1995 and first released on November 1, 1996, in Japan. The medium can store any k ...
players called DVD Discman were released. New models from 2001 were rebranded as "DVD Walkman".


Walkman (formerly Network Walkman)

Released in 1999, these would be the first "memory type" Walkman, which remain the only current product type still in production. Initially from 2000 these products were collectively called Network Walkman to distinguish from other types of Walkman such as the cassette one. By 2006 the branded name for memory type Walkman became solely Walkman, which continues to this day. Because Sony did not initially support the MP3 format as other companies in the industry, the players were not officially called "
MP3 player A portable media player (PMP) (also including the related digital audio player (DAP)) is a portable consumer electronics device capable of storing and playing digital media such as audio, images, and video files. The data is typically stored o ...
s" by Sony. The
Memory Stick The Memory Stick is a removable flash memory, flash memory card format, originally launched by Sony in late 1998. In addition to the original Memory Stick, this family includes the Memory Stick PRO, a revision that allows greater maximum storag ...
flash players were officially called (not necessarily marketed) "Portable Memory Stick Audio Players"; embedded flash players were called "Portable IC Audio Players"; hard disk players were initially called "Portable Hard Disk Audio Players". From 2005 all were simply called "Digital Audio Players" and "Digital Media Players". From 2007 to 2015, Walkman players for export markets had a NWZ- prefix instead of NW-. The main difference was the removal of compatibility with the
ATRAC Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding (ATRAC) is a family of proprietary audio codec, audio compression algorithms developed by Sony. MiniDisc was the first commercial product to incorporate ATRAC in 1992. ATRAC allowed a relatively small disc like M ...
audio codec.


Memory Stick Walkman


NW-MS7

The NW-MS7 "Memory Stick Walkman" was introduced on September 22, 1999 during a Walkman 20th anniversary event as Sony's first foray into the portable solid state music player industry. The player was very small and light (69 g) with a "stylish" design. It shipped with a white 64 MB MagicGate
Memory Stick The Memory Stick is a removable flash memory, flash memory card format, originally launched by Sony in late 1998. In addition to the original Memory Stick, this family includes the Memory Stick PRO, a revision that allows greater maximum storag ...
and built-in battery, selling it alongside the later NW-E3 (64 MB built-in and using two AAA battery for 4–5 hours playtime). The player could only play
ATRAC Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding (ATRAC) is a family of proprietary audio codec, audio compression algorithms developed by Sony. MiniDisc was the first commercial product to incorporate ATRAC in 1992. ATRAC allowed a relatively small disc like M ...
formatted files, Sony's proprietary format, so was not technically an "
MP3 player A portable media player (PMP) (also including the related digital audio player (DAP)) is a portable consumer electronics device capable of storing and playing digital media such as audio, images, and video files. The data is typically stored o ...
". The user needed to transfer songs via USB with bundled software OpenMG Jukebox (only works with
Windows 98 Windows 98 is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft as part of its Windows 9x family of Microsoft Windows operating systems. The second operating system in the 9x line, it is the successor to Windows 95, and was Software rel ...
software, later known as
SonicStage SonicStage is a discontinued software product from Sony that is used for managing portable devices when they are plugged into a computer running Microsoft Windows. It comprises a music player and library manager, similar to iTunes, Windows Media Pl ...
). Any files not in the ATRAC format (i.e. MP3s) needed to be converted before they could be transferred and played. Popular software players at the time, such as
Winamp Winamp is a media player (software), media player for Microsoft Windows originally developed by Justin Frankel and Dmitry Boldyrev by their company Nullsoft, which they later sold to AOL in 1999 for $80 million. It was then acquired by Rad ...
, did not support the ATRAC format, leading to users needing to store both MP3 and ATRAC copies of songs on their computers. Additionally, only new MagicGate Memory Sticks were supported. Sony also advertized the player as having "robust"
copyright A copyright is a type of intellectual property that gives its owner the exclusive right to copy, distribute, adapt, display, and perform a creative work, usually for a limited time. The creative work may be in a literary, artistic, education ...
protection by adhering to standards including
Secure Digital Music Initiative SD_card#History, Secure Digital Music Initiative (SDMI) was a forum formed in late 1998,Leonardo ChiariglioneRiding the Media Bits. Opening content protection chiariglione.org, 2003 composed of more than 200 IT, consumer electronics, security techn ...
. It would only play protected legal music downloads. It was released on December 21, 1999 in Japan with a price of 45,000 JPY, followed by January 2000 in the United States for $399. It was the first and only memory type Walkman to use the classic "WALKMAN" logo, with the NW-MS7 branded as MS WALKMAN. In 2000 the current "W." logo was created to fit more easily on the increasingly shrinking size of devices, and the Walkman brand was unified.


NW-MS9/MS10/MS11

The Memory Stick-based Walkman was updated with the NW-MS9 and NW-MS11, with it now coming under the umbrella Network Walkman naming. These players came bundled with either 64MB/128MB MagicGate Memory Sticks and used a gumstick type battery. Software continued to use OpenMG. The NW-MS9 now had a thin metal body and had 64 MB of internal memory and was priced $330. Release in Japan of the MS9 was December 2000 and April 2001 in Europe. In Canada it was released in August 2001. NW-MS11 was released in Japan in October 2001 and came with a 128 MB Memory Stick.


NW-MS70D/MS90D

The last Memory Stick-based Network Walkmans were released in 2002, although these new models included internally embedded flash memory. Model NW-MS70D had 256MB of built-in flash memory. It could also be expanded by its MagicGate Memory Stick Duo port. However, at the time, the Memory Stick PRO Duo had not yet been released, so therefore the NW-MS70D maximum capacity would be 384MB with the additional memory stick. The other downside to it was that it was incredibly expensive, costing as much as a 15 GB
iPod The iPod is a discontinued series of portable media players and multi-purpose mobile devices designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPod Classic#1st generation, first version was released on October 23, 2001, about months after the Ma ...
. It also used a very buggy software,
SonicStage SonicStage is a discontinued software product from Sony that is used for managing portable devices when they are plugged into a computer running Microsoft Windows. It comprises a music player and library manager, similar to iTunes, Windows Media Pl ...
, and only played Atrac3, Atrac3plus and
WAV Waveform Audio File Format (WAVE, or WAV due to its filename extension A filename extension, file name extension or file extension is a suffix to the filename, name of a computer file (e.g., .txt, .docx, .md). The extension indicates a cha ...
files. However, it was the smallest digital audio player at that time, called "ultra compact" by Sony. It was also solidly built with an aluminium shell and a
titanium Titanium is a chemical element with the Symbol (chemistry), symbol Ti and atomic number 22. Found in nature only as an oxide, it can be reduced to produce a lustrous transition metal with a silver color, low density, and high strength, resista ...
finish. It boasted a 44-hour battery life. Despite a heavy marketing campaign, its sales were limited. It was much more expensive than iRiver and
Mpio MPIO or Mpio (Hangul The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, . Hangul may also be written as following South Korea's Revised Romanization of Korean, standard Romanization. ( ) in South Korea and Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea, is the modern off ...
players and which did not require SonicStage and ATRAC recoding. Inexpensive
Creative Zen ZEN is a series of discontinued portable media players designed and manufactured by Creative Technology Limited. The players evolved from the Creative NOMAD, NOMAD brand through the NOMAD Jukebox series of MP3 player, music players, with the first ...
and Muvo players also hindered the Sony's sales. The alternate model, the NW-MS90D, used the same software as NW-MS70D, and had a maximum capacity of 640 MB. It too was also extremely expensive. The most eminent change was the 512 MB inbuilt memory and its new black shell. Due to its price and limited capacity, it was still largely ignored by the general public. With both these models, SonicStage software started to gain a negative reception. The NW-MS70D was also the first device using Sony's Virtual Mobile Engine (VME)
digital signal processor A digital signal processor (DSP) is a specialized microprocessor chip, with its architecture optimized for the operational needs of digital signal processing. DSPs are semiconductor device fabrication, fabricated on Integrated circuit, MOS integr ...
. After this no more Memory Stick type Network Walkman were released. Future Network Walkman would only have embedded flash memory or hard disk.


Hard Disk Walkman


NW-HD1

As Sony was losing market relevance amid the widespread success of Apple's
iPod The iPod is a discontinued series of portable media players and multi-purpose mobile devices designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPod Classic#1st generation, first version was released on October 23, 2001, about months after the Ma ...
range, the company developed for the first time a
hard disk A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive, or fixed disk is an electro-mechanical data storage device that stores and retrieves digital data using magnetic storage with one or more rigid rapidly rotating hard disk platter, platters ...
-based player. The NW-HD1 was announced on June 30, 2004 dubbed as “the world's smallest portable audio device”. It was smaller and was advertised as having better sound quality than the iPod at the time. The HD1 featured a seven line 1.8 inch LED display and had a 20 GB hard disk. The device was brushed in high quality aluminium. However, the unit would only play Sony's proprietary format, ATRAC3, whereas other players on the market would play the open and much more widely used MP3 format without having to be converted to ATRAC3. Sony did upgrade the HD1 to play MP3s but it still needed SonicStage to transfer the files. The NW-HD1 did not sell as well as Sony had hoped - its asking price of $399 was $100 more than a 20 GB iPod. Its successors, the NW-HD3 and NW-HD5, also failed to make a major dent in the iPod's sales.


NW-HD3

The successor to the hard disk-based NW-HD1, the NW-HD3 was a very similar design, but it could now play MP3s natively. It was announced on November 30, 2004.


NW-HD5

Sony's next model, the NW-HD5, was announced in April 2005 and released July 2005 and was an updated design from the HD1 / HD3, boasting a simpler control system, an upright handheld format, a user-removable lithium-ion battery, better file format compatibility, a unique "Follow Turn Display" that would automatically align itself based on how the player was held on startup, and updated software. A main feature was its advertised running time of 40 hours, when using low-quality format settings, i.e., 48 kbit/s ATRAC3 files, and no player-based audio enhancements (although the player does include these). Playback of 128 kbit/s MP3s was rated at 30 hours. The player was available in black, silver and red and was not sold in the Canadian market. The NW-HD5 was in direct competition with the 4th generation
iPod The iPod is a discontinued series of portable media players and multi-purpose mobile devices designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPod Classic#1st generation, first version was released on October 23, 2001, about months after the Ma ...
. Unfortunately, the NW-HD5 was shipped with a cosmetic design flaw which meant that the buttons developed small visible cracks under their plastic coating. Although this did not affect functionality, many customers complained. Sony United Kingdom Limited allowed owners to send the units back to be re-fitted with slightly raised, crack-resistant buttons. Perhaps because of this problem, the NW-HD5 was on the market for a very short time before being pulled in preparation for the next model. The HD5 model was replaced by the A Series (NW-A3000 and NW-A1000) which was also hard disk based. In January 2006, the NW-HD5 became unavailable as a normal purchase from retail electronics stores and was relegated to online auction sites and used-electronics warehouses as a consumer item.


A Series

The A Series was first introduced September 2005 as the top flagship range. Apart from the very first model, all of these are
flash memory Flash memory is an Integrated circuit, electronic Non-volatile memory, non-volatile computer memory storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed. The two main types of flash memory, NOR flash and NAND flash, are named for t ...
based players. Over the years, many generations have been produced which continue to this day. SonyNW-A1000V.JPG, Sony NW-A1000 series, the final hard disk based Walkman (2005) Walkman A800 A810 player.jpg, Sony NWZ-A800/A810 series (2007) Sony Warkman NW-A847.jpg, NWZ-A840 series (2009) SONY NWZ-A15 Hi-Res Walkman Digital Media Player.jpg, NWZ-A10 series (2014) Sony Walkman NW-A105.png, NW-A100 series (2019)


B Series

The B Series are ultra portable, entry-level, USB thumb drive style players for the overseas market. The original series, the B100 released in July 2007, was a line of 1 GB (''NWD-B103/B103F'') and 2 GB (''NWD-B105/105F'') multifunction MP3 player and voice recording function. It was the first Walkman digital music player to not require
SonicStage SonicStage is a discontinued software product from Sony that is used for managing portable devices when they are plugged into a computer running Microsoft Windows. It comprises a music player and library manager, similar to iTunes, Windows Media Pl ...
software - allowing simple
drag and drop In computer graphical user interfaces, drag and drop is a pointing device gesture in which the user (computing), user selects a virtual object by "grabbing" it and dragging it to a different location or onto another virtual object. In general, i ...
- but it has been shorn of the ability to play back
ATRAC Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding (ATRAC) is a family of proprietary audio codec, audio compression algorithms developed by Sony. MiniDisc was the first commercial product to incorporate ATRAC in 1992. ATRAC allowed a relatively small disc like M ...
and AAC music files. The Auto-Transfer option allowed this Walkman to search for all the MP3 files on the PC and then copy these files directly to the Walkman. It also could record CDs directly from a Sony compatible Hifi system via USB connection without any PC (the NWD-B105 also supported WMA files). It also came with a three-line colour display; the voice recorder (MP3) came with bit rates of low (96 kbit/s), mid (128 kbit/s) and high. Models with the built-in FM tuner ("F") had 30 preset stations with a frequency of 87.5–108.0 MHz, with the capability to record and play FM content. The five preset equaliser also had a custom setting option. In September 2008, its successor the NWZ-B130 series was launched. The NWZ-B140 was introduced in 2009 featuring the ''ZAPPIN'' song search technology which it inherited from the NWZ-W202 player. The NWZ-B150 series was introduced in April 2010 with a 3 line LCD display. The B160 series was introduced in June 2011. These were followed by B170 series in early 2012, and the current series, B180, in April 2014. The B180 series consists of one 4 GB model, NWZ-B183, and its FM radio variant NWZ-B183F, and has 20 hours of battery life.


E Series

The E Series were the very first to be branded Network Walkman in 2000, shortly after the Memory Stick Walkman. They started out as lightweight, portable, gumstick style music players, before turning into budget-oriented candybar style players with colour displays. SONY WALKMAN NW-E3 cropped.jpg, Sony NW-E3 (2000) Sony Walkman Bean 1.jpg, Sony NWZ-E300/E200 series (2005) Sony Walkman NW-E013F 20150309 cropped.jpg, Sony NWZ-E010 series (2007) Sony MP3 player.jpg, Sony NWZ-E440 series (2009) NW-E062 cropped.jpg, Sony NW-E060 series (2012)


F Series

The F Series was introduced in 2012 as the replacement of the Z Series. They are portable media players running the Android operating system. The first series, F800, came with
Android Ice Cream Sandwich Android Ice Cream Sandwich (or Android 4.0) is the 9th major version of the Android (operating system), Android mobile operating system developed by Google. Unveiled on October 19, 2011, Android 4.0 builds upon the significant changes made by the ...
software and was also the first Sony Walkman to support the
FLAC FLAC (; Free Lossless Audio Codec) is an audio coding format for lossless compression of digital audio, developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation, and is also the name of the free software project producing the FLAC tools, the reference software p ...
format.


M Series

The M Series (sole model NW-M505) is a small thumb drive styled player released in Japan in December 2013 for 18,000 yen. The M Series is similar to the E Series except that it is metallic, more expensive, a higher build quality, and features noise cancelation, S-Master MX amp, NFC, Bluetooth with
aptX aptX (''apt'' stands for ''audio processing technology'') is a family of proprietary audio codec An audio codec is a device or computer program capable of encoding or decoding a digital data stream (a codec A codec is a device or computer ...
, and a microphone for hands-free phone. In addition changing songs has a twisting "shuttle switch" like the older E400/E500/A600 Series instead of buttons. In Japan it was released in 4 colors topping out at 16 gigabytes (NW-M505). It was released in Europe in late 2014 but only came in black and 8 gigabytes (NWZ-M504). Also release that year in Asia Pacific region. No successors were released in the series.


S Series

Sony used the "S2 Sports" brand from other Walkman types for certain fitness-friendly small Network Walkman players. The NW-S4 Sports Network Walkman had a sleek pen shape and a sporty water resistant design and came with an arm strap and 64 megabyte of embedded flash memory. It was released in April 2001 for $200. Later in 2004, the NW-S23 S2 Sports Network Walkman was released with 256 MB internal flash memory. A 128 MB version called NW-S21 was also released. After 2006, the S Series was repurposed and a wide range of players have been released to this day. Sony Newtwork Walkman S705F cropped.jpg, Sony NW-S700 series (2006) Sony NW-S618F front.jpg , Sony NWZ-S610 series (2007) Sony Walkman NWZ-S636F Lime Green.jpg, Sony NWZ-S630 series (2008) 2015 Sony Walkman NWZ-S765.JPG, Sony NWZ-S760 series (2011)


W Series

The W series (Wearable) is a wearable music player built into a set of headphones. The original model, the NWZ-W202 was released in 2009 and had 2 GB of internal memory and could play 11 hours of music and can "quick-charge" for three minutes to yield up to 90 minutes of playback. It can play back MP3, AAC (unprotected only), and WMA (subscription included) files. It was the first Walkman with Zappin, a Sony function which allows the user to browse through tracks by playing a snippet of the chorus of each song. The original model was followed by the W250 series coming in 2 GB (NW-W253) and 4 GB (NW-W254) capacities. In July 2011 the W260 series was introduced which is significantly smaller and lighter. The W270 series, which is fully waterproof, was released in April 2013. Model NW-W273 has 4 GB internal memory and NW-W274 has 8 GB. Later that year the NW-WH505 and NW-WH303 were introduced, which is a music player combined into a conventional headphone. A higher end variant of the W270, called WS615, features 16 GB of memory, Bluetooth and NFC. In January 2016, the WS410 series (WS413 and WS414) were announced with a new salt water and dust proof design, and an Ambient Sound feature. The successor to the WS610 series was released in 2017 as WS620, coming in 16 GB (NW-WS625) and 4 GB (NW-WS623) capacities. Like the WS410, it has improvements in salt water and dust resistance, and it also now has the ability to play
FLAC FLAC (; Free Lossless Audio Codec) is an audio coding format for lossless compression of digital audio, developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation, and is also the name of the free software project producing the FLAC tools, the reference software p ...
audio files.


WM1 Series

Introduced at IFA 2016, the NW-WM1A is a top-end portable media player retailing for €1200, and has 128 GB internal memory. A gold plated edition called NW-WM1Z was also released, retailing for €3300 as part of Sony's Signature Series. Model NW-WM1Z had 256 GB of storage Models NW-WM1AM2 and NW-WM1ZM2 were introduced in February 2022, with Android replacing Sony's own operating system. It also had a USB-C port replacing the proprietary WM-Port for data connection.


X Series

The Sony Walkman X series was a touchscreen audio and video player that was on the market from 2009 to 2010, designed to compete against the
iPod Touch The iPod Touch (stylized as iPod touch) is a discontinued line of iOS-based mobile device, mobile devices designed and marketed by Apple Inc. with a Touchscreen, touchscreen-controlled user interface. As with other iPod models, the iPod Touch ...
. It has a OLED touch screen, internet access through Wi-Fi and digital noise-cancelling as well as applications for
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and
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. It was available in 16 GB and 32 GB versions. No revisions of the X Series were made; it was replaced by the Z Series.


Z Series

The Z1000, introduced September 2011, was the first Walkman product using the Android operating system.


ZX Series

The ZX Series is a high-end Walkman player. Some of these run on Android software rather than Sony's own operating system.


Sony Ericsson Walkman / Walkman Phone

Between 2005 and 2011, Walkman-branded mobile phones from
Sony Ericsson Sony Mobile Communications Inc. ( ja, ソニーモバイルコミュニケーションズ株式会社) was a Multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications company founded on October 1, 2001, as a joint venture between Sony, Sony G ...
were released. These were mobile phones with extra emphasis on music playback. The first such device was the W800, and the last device that used Walkman branding was Sony Ericsson Live with Walkman. Walkman-branded mobile phones by Sony Ericsson were first released to Japan in 2006, under partnership with operator
KDDI () is a Japanese telecommunications operator formed on October 1, 2000 through the merger of DDI Corp. (Daini-Denden Inc.), KDD (Kokusai Denshin Denwa) Corp. (itself a former listed state-owned enterprise privatized in 1998), and IDO Corp. It h ...
(owned by au). The first model was the W42S 3G phone in 2006 with 1 GB internal memory and expansion with
Memory Stick The Memory Stick is a removable flash memory, flash memory card format, originally launched by Sony in late 1998. In addition to the original Memory Stick, this family includes the Memory Stick PRO, a revision that allows greater maximum storag ...
Pro DUO. It was marketed as the "Walkman Phone". It could download music directly to the handset without PC connection using KDDI's web music store. Succeeding models were released called Walkman Phone W52S, Walkman Phone Xmini (W65S), and Walkman Phone Premier3. Sony
Xperia Xperia () is the brand name of smartphones and tablet computer, tablets from Sony. The name Xperia is derived from the word "experience", and was first used in the Sony Ericsson Xperia X1, Xperia X1 tagline of "I Xperia the best". Sony Mobile ...
smartphones from 2012 to 2015 came with a Walkman-branded music application.


Special editions

Sony has partnered with various companies, brands or music bands, to release special Walkman digital audio players (most exclusive to Japan). Below are some editions: *
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Hannah Montana ''Hannah Montana'' is an American teen sitcom created by Michael Poryes, Rich Correll and Barry O'Brien that aired on Disney Channel for four seasons between March2006 and January2011. The series centers on Miley Stewart (Miley Cyrus), a tee ...
pink colored E Series released in Christmas 2009 *
Franz Ferdinand Archduke Franz Ferdinand Carl Ludwig Joseph Maria of Austria, (18 December 1863 – 28 June 1914) was the heir presumptive to the throne of Austria-Hungary. His Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, assassination in Sarajevo was t ...
black colored A Series (A1000) in January 2006 in Japan (only 100 manufactured) * Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker limited edition W Series (W253) released in 2010 in Japan and the United States. *
Kingdom Hearts III is a 2019 action role-playing game An action role-playing game (often abbreviated action RPG or ARPG) is a subgenre of video games that combines core elements from both the action game and role-playing video game, role-playing genre. De ...
limited edition A Series (A55) including branded headphones, released in Japan in February 2019 *Disney Christmas Edition S Series (S760) released in Japan in Christmas 2010 with Mickey and Minnie Mouse decals and silicon case *Disney limited edition S Series (S770) with Disney characters released in Japan in September 2012 * Moomin limited edition A Series in Japan in 2019 *
Ghostbusters ''Ghostbusters'' is a 1984 American Supernatural fiction, supernatural comedy film directed and produced by Ivan Reitman, and written by Dan Aykroyd and Harold Ramis. It stars Bill Murray, Aykroyd, and Ramis as Peter Venkman, Ray Stantz, and ...
35th anniversary Walkman released in the United States in July 2019, only 100 units manufactured *
Hatsune Miku , also called Miku Hatsune, and officially code-named CV01, is a Vocaloid software voicebank developed by Crypton Future Media and its official moe anthropomorphism, anthropomorphic mascot character, a 16-year-old girl with long, turquoise bu ...
limited edition S Series (S310K) Walkman released in Japan in 2019 * The Gazette limited edition F Series and S Series in Japan in August 2014 *Disney
Frozen 2 ''Frozen 2'' (stylized as ''Frozen II'') is a 2019 American computer-animated Computer animation is the process used for digitally generating animations. The more general term computer-generated imagery (CGI) encompasses both static scen ...
limited edition A Series (A55) Walkman released in Japan in 2019 *
Final Fantasy XV is an action role-playing game An action role-playing game (often abbreviated action RPG or ARPG) is a subgenre of video games that combines core elements from both the action game and role-playing video game, role-playing genre. Defin ...
A Series (A30HN) Walkman released in Japan in 2016 *
Naruto ''Naruto'' is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Masashi Kishimoto. It tells the story of Naruto Uzumaki, a young ninja who seeks recognition from his peers and dreams of becoming the Hokage, the leader of his village. Th ...
A Series Walkman (A25) "Naruto vs. Sasuke Final Battle" with branded headphones released in Singapore in 2016 * Love Live! Sunshine!! limited edition A Series (A55) Walkman released in Japan in May 2019 *Disney,
Peanuts ''Peanuts'' is a syndicated daily and Sunday American comic strip A comic strip is a Comics, sequence of drawings, often cartoons, arranged in interrelated panels to display brief humor or form a narrative, often Serial (literature), se ...
, and
Rilakkuma is a fictional character In fiction, a character (or speaker, in poetry) is a person or other being in a narrative (such as a novel, Play (theatre), play, Radio series, radio or television series, music, film, or video game). The character may ...
, limited edition A Series (A105) Walkman released in Japan in November 2019. * Saekano the Movie: Finale limited edition A Series (A55) Walkman released in Japan in January 2020 * Demon Slayer: Kimetsu no Yaiba limited edition A Series (A105) Walkman released in Japan in April 2020 *
Peanuts ''Peanuts'' is a syndicated daily and Sunday American comic strip A comic strip is a Comics, sequence of drawings, often cartoons, arranged in interrelated panels to display brief humor or form a narrative, often Serial (literature), se ...
limited edition S Series (S310) Walkman released in Japan in March 2021.


References

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Walkman Walkman, stylised as , is a brand of portable audio player A portable audio player is a personal mobile device that allows the user to listen to recorded sound recording, audio while mobile. Sometimes a distinction is made between a ''portabl ...
Sony Walkman Walkman, stylised as , is a brand of portable audio player A portable audio player is a personal mobile device that allows the user to listen to recorded sound recording, audio while mobile. Sometimes a distinction is made between a ''portabl ...
*