The Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award of the Republic of India.[1] Instituted on 2 January 1954,[2] the award is given for the "exceptional and distinguished service", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The Padma Vibhushan award recipients are announced every year on Republic Day and registered in The Gazette of India—a publication released weekly by the Department of Publication, Ministry of Urban Development used for official government notices.[3] The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, are also registered in the Gazette and are required to surrender their medals when their names are struck from the register.[4] As of 2018, none of the conferments of Padma Vibhushan have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, the Ministries of the Government, the Bharat Ratna and previous Padma Vibhushan award recipients, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals. The recommendations received during 1 May and 15 September of every year are submitted to the Padma Awards Committee, constituted by the Prime Minister. The committee recommendations are later submitted to the Prime Minister and the President for the further approval.[3]

When instituted in 1954, the Padma Vibhushan was classified as "Pahela Warg" (Class I) under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards; preceded by the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award,[5] and followed by "Dusra Warg" (Class II), and "Tisra Warg" (Class III).[2] On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards; the Padma Vibhushan, the highest of the three, followed by the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. The criteria includes "exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by Government servants" but excluding those working with the Public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards but this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute.[3][4] The award, along with other personal civil honours, was briefly suspended twice in its history;[6] for the first time in July 1977 when Morarji Desai was sworn in as the fourth Prime Minister.[7][8] The suspension was rescinded on 25 January 1980, after Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister.[9] The civilian awards were suspended again in mid-1992, when two Public-Interest Litigations were filed in the High Courts questioning the civilian awards being "Titles" per an interpretation of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution.[6][a] The awards were reintroduced by the Supreme Court in December 1995, following the conclusion of the litigation.[11]

The recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medal with no monetary grant associated with the award.[3] The decoration is a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 34 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 18 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 316 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob embossed within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 116 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Vibhushan" is placed below the lotus. The Emblem of India is placed in the centre of the reverse side with the national motto, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script, inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of white gold with the text "Padma Vibhushan" of silver gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 14 inches (32 mm) in width.[4] It is ranked fourth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations.[12]

The first recipients of the Padma Vibhushan were Satyendra Nath Bose, Nandalal Bose, Zakir Husain, Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, V. K. Krishna Menon, and Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, who were honoured in 1954. As of 2017, the award has been bestowed on 300 individuals, including twelve posthumous and nineteen non-citizen recipients.[13] Some of the recipients have refused or returned their awards; Vilayat Khan,[b] Swami Ranganathananda,[c] and Manikonda Chalapathi Rau refused the award; the family members of Lakshmi Chand Jain (2011) and Sharad Anantrao Joshi (2016) declined their posthumous conferments,[d][e] and 1986 recipient Baba Amte returned his honour in 1991.[20][f] Most recently on 25 January 2018, the award has been bestowed upon three recipients; Ilaiyaraaja, Ghulam Mustafa Khan, and P. Parameswaran.[13]


Satyendra Nath Bose
Awarded in 1954, Satyendra Nath Bose is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate.[21]
John Mathai
1959 recipient John Mathai was country's first Railway Minister and later served as Finance Minister.[22]
Arjan Singh
The Marshal of the Indian Air Force Arjan Singh is the first and the only five-star rank officer with the Indian Air Force. Singh was conferred Padma Vibhushan in 1965.[23][24]
Sumati Morarjee
1971 recipient Sumati Morarjee was the first woman in the world to head an organisation of ship owners ("Indian National Steamship Owners Association") and was later elected as the vice-president of the "World Shipping Federation".[25]
Uday Shankar
Uday Shankar was a dancer known for his frequent collaboration with a Russian Ballet dancer Anna Pavlova and was awarded with the honour in 1971.[26]
Sam Manekshaw
Awarded in 1972, Sam Manekshaw (left), often known as "Sam Bahadur" ("Sam the Brave"), was the first Field Marshal of the country and also of the Indian Army.[24][27]
Vikram Sarabhai
Vikram Sarabhai, widely considered as the "Father of Indian space program", was one of the founders and first chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation. Sarabhai was awarded posthumously in 1972.[28]
C.D. Deshmukh
Awarded in 1975, C. D. Deshmukh is the first Indian Governor of the Reserve Bank of India and later served as Finance Minister of India (1950–57).[22][29]
Pandit Birju Maharaj
1986 recipient Birju Maharaj is an exponent of Kalka-Bindadin gharana of Kathak dance.[30]
Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh is an economist who served as the Chief Economic Advisor (1972–76), Governor of Reserve Bank of India (1982–85), Finance Minister of India (1991–96), and later as the Prime Minister of India (2004–14). The Padma Vibhushan was bestowed upon Singh in 1987.[22][31][32]
M. S. Swaminathan
Awarded in 1989, M. S. Swaminathan, often called as the "Father of Green Revolution", is known for this contribution to Green Revolution in India through the development of high-yielding varieties of wheat.[33]
M. F. Husain
1991 recipient M. F. Husain was a painter and is often called as the "Picasso of India".[34]
V. R. Krishna Iyer
V. R. Krishna Iyer was a former Supreme Court judge (1973–80) and is noted to have "humanised the law" through his judgements. Iyer received the conferment in 1999.[35]
Verghese Kurien
Awarded in 1999, Verghese Kurien, widely known as the "Father of the White Revolution", was the chief architect of Operation Flood, making India as one of the largest milk producer in the world.[36]
Adoor Gopalakrishnan
A recipient of the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, country's highest award in cinema, film director Adoor Gopalakrishnan is credited with pioneering the new wave cinema movement in Malayalam cinema. Gopalakrishnan was awarded with the Padma Vibhushan in 2006.[37]
Khushwant Singh
Awarded in 2008, Khushwant Singh was a writer and journalist; and was a Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha from 1980 to 1986.[38]
Viswanathan Anand
2008 recipient Viswanathan Anand is country's first chess Grandmaster and five times winner of World Chess Championship.[39]
Awarded in 2008, Edmund Hillary (left) was one of the first two individuals known to reach the summit of Mount Everest, which he accomplished with Tenzing Norgay (right) on 29 May 1953.[40]
Anil Kakodkar
A nuclear scientist and former Director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Anil Kakodkar is known for his contribution in the design and construction of Dhruva, India's largest research reactor. Kakodkar received the conferment in 2009.[41]
O. N. V. Kurup
Malayalam litterateur O. N. V. Kurup is a recipient of Jnanpith Award, country's highest literary honour. He was awarded with the Padma Vibhushan in 2011.[42]
B. K. S. Iyengar
2014 recipient B. K. S. Iyengar was a yoga exponent and creator of dynamic yoga style, Iyengar Yoga.[43]
Dilip Kumar
Awarded in 2015, "Tragedy King" Dilip Kumar debuted as an actor in Jwar Bhata (1944) and acted in more than 60 Hindi films in a career that spanned over six decades.[44]
A photograph of an old woman wearing sari
Awarded in 2016, Hindustani classical vocalist Girija Devi is a disciple of Benares gharana, an Indian classical musical school. She is widely known for the thumri genre of singing.[45]
Award recipients by year[13]
Year Number of recipients
Award recipients by field[13]
Field Number of recipients
Civil Service
Literature & Education
Public Affairs
Science & Engineering
Social Work
Trade & Industry
   # Indicates a posthumous honour
List of Padma Vibhushan recipients, showing the year, field, and state/country[13]
Year Recipient Field State
1954 Bose, Satyendra NathSatyendra Nath Bose Literature & Education West Bengal
1954 Bose, NandalalNandalal Bose Arts West Bengal
1954 Husain, ZakirZakir Husain Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1954 Kher, Balasaheb GangadharBalasaheb Gangadhar Kher Public Affairs Maharashtra
1954 Menon, V. K. KrishnaV. K. Krishna Menon Public Affairs Kerala
1954 Wangchuck, Jigme DorjiJigme Dorji Wangchuck Public Affairs [A]
1955 Karve, Dhondo KeshavDhondo Keshav Karve Literature & Education Maharashtra
1955 Tata, J. R. D.J. R. D. Tata Trade & Industry Maharashtra
1956 Ali, FazalFazal Ali Public Affairs Bihar
1956 Bajaj, JankibaiJankibai Bajaj Social Work Madhya Pradesh
1956 Trivedi, Chandulal MadhavlalChandulal Madhavlal Trivedi Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh
1957 Birla, Ghanshyam DasGhanshyam Das Birla Trade & Industry Rajasthan
1957 Prakasa, SriSri Prakasa Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1957 Setalvad, M. C.M. C. Setalvad Public Affairs Maharashtra
1959 Mathai, JohnJohn Mathai Literature & Education Kerala
1959 Mehta, Gaganvihari LallubhaiGaganvihari Lallubhai Mehta Social Work Maharashtra
1959 Pal, RadhabinodRadhabinod Pal Public Affairs West Bengal
1960 Pillai, Naryana RaghvanNaryana Raghvan Pillai Public Affairs Tamil Nadu
1962 Iyengar, H. V. R.H. V. R. Iyengar Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1962 Naidu, PadmajaPadmaja Naidu Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1962 Pandit, Vijaya LakshmiVijaya Lakshmi Pandit Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
1963 Chatterji, Suniti KumarSuniti Kumar Chatterji Literature & Education West Bengal
1963 Mudaliar, A. LakshmanaswamiA. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar Medicine Tamil Nadu
1963 Pataskar, Hari VinayakHari Vinayak Pataskar Public Affairs Maharashtra
1964 Kalelkar, Acharya KakasahebAcharya Kakasaheb Kalelkar Literature & Education Maharashtra
1964 Kaviraj, GopinathGopinath Kaviraj Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1965 Chaudhuri, Jayanto NathJayanto Nath Chaudhuri Civil Service West Bengal
1965 Jung, Mehdi NawazMehdi Nawaz Jung Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1965 Singh, ArjanArjan Singh Civil Service Delhi
1966 Gracias, ValerianValerian Gracias Social Work Maharashtra
1967 Daphtary, Chandra KisanChandra Kisan Daphtary Public Affairs Maharashtra
1967 Ibrahim, Hafiz MohamadHafiz Mohamad Ibrahim Civil Service Andhra Pradesh
1967 Jha, Bhola NathBhola Nath Jha Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
1967 Rao, Pattadakal Venkanna RPattadakal Venkanna R Rao Civil Service Andhra Pradesh
1968 Aney, Madhav ShrihariMadhav Shrihari Aney Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh
1968 Chandrasekhar, SubrahmanyanSubrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Science & Engineering [B]
1968 Mahalanobis, Prasanta ChandraPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Literature & Education Delhi
1968 Singh, KirpalKirpal Singh Civil Service Delhi
1968 Sundaram, KalyanKalyan Sundaram Public Affairs Delhi
1969 Dayal, RajeshwarRajeshwar Dayal Civil Service Delhi
1969 Joshi, Dattatraya ShridharDattatraya Shridhar Joshi Civil Service Maharashtra
1969 Khorana, Har GobindHar Gobind Khorana Science & Engineering [B]
1969 Mehta, Mohan SinhaMohan Sinha Mehta Civil Service Rajasthan
1969 Pande, GhananandGhananand Pande Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
1970 Chand, TaraTara Chand Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1970 Das, SuranjanSuranjan Das Civil Service West Bengal
1970 Dias, Anthony LancelotAnthony Lancelot Dias Public Affairs Maharashtra
1970 Kumaramangalam, P. PrabhakarP. Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1970 Mudaliar, A. RamasamyA. Ramasamy Mudaliar Civil Service Andhra Pradesh
1970 Sen, Binay RanjanBinay Ranjan Sen Civil Service West Bengal
1970 Singh, HarbakshHarbaksh Singh Civil Service Punjab
1971 Chaliha, Bimala PrasadBimala Prasad Chaliha Civil Service Assam
1971 Khan, AllauddinAllauddin Khan Arts West Bengal
1971 Morarjee, SumatiSumati Morarjee Civil Service Maharashtra
1971 Shankar, UdayUday Shankar Arts Maharashtra
1971 Shirodkar, Vithal NageshVithal Nagesh Shirodkar Medicine Goa
1971 Sivaraman, BalaramBalaram Sivaraman Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1972 Gajendragadkar, P. BalacharyaP. Balacharya Gajendragadkar Public Affairs Maharashtra
1972 Jha, Aditya NathAditya Nath Jha# Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
1972 Lal, Pratap ChandraPratap Chandra Lal Civil Service Punjab
1972 Manekshaw, SamSam Manekshaw Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1972 Mehta, Jivraj NarayanJivraj Narayan Mehta Public Affairs Maharashtra
1972 Nanda, Sardarilal MathradasSardarilal Mathradas Nanda Civil Service Delhi
1972 Sadiq, Ghulam MohammedGhulam Mohammed Sadiq[i]# Public Affairs Jammu & Kashmir
1972 Sarabhai, VikramVikram Sarabhai[ii]# Science & Engineering Gujarat
1972 Seervai, Hormasji ManeckjiHormasji Maneckji Seervai Literature & Education Maharashtra
1973 Devi, BasantiBasanti Devi Civil Service West Bengal
1973 Dhebar, U. N.U. N. Dhebar Social Work Gujarat
1973 Kothari, Daulat SinghDaulat Singh Kothari Science & Engineering Delhi
1973 Sengupta, NellieNellie Sengupta Social Work West Bengal
1973 Singh, NagendraNagendra Singh Public Affairs Rajasthan
1973 Swaminathan, ThirumalrayaThirumalraya Swaminathan Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1974 De, NirenNiren De Public Affairs West Bengal
1974 Mukherjee, Benode BehariBenode Behari Mukherjee Arts Uttarakhand
1974 Rao, V. K. R. V.V. K. R. V. Rao Civil Service Karnataka
1974 Sarin, Harish ChandraHarish Chandra Sarin Civil Service Delhi
1975 Deshmukh, C. D.C. D. Deshmukh Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1975 Deshmukh, DurgabaiDurgabai Deshmukh Social Work Maharashtra
1975 Jadhav, Mary ClubwalaMary Clubwala Jadhav Social Work Tamil Nadu
1975 Nagchaudhuri, Basanti DulalBasanti Dulal Nagchaudhuri Literature & Education West Bengal
1975 Ramanna, RajaRaja Ramanna Science & Engineering Karnataka
1975 Sethna, Homi NusserwanjiHomi Nusserwanji Sethna Civil Service Maharashtra
1975 Subbulakshmi, M. S.M. S. Subbulakshmi Arts Tamil Nadu
1975 Thackersey, Premlila VithaldasPremlila Vithaldas Thackersey Literature & Education Maharashtra
1976 Ali, SalimSalim Ali Science & Engineering Uttar Pradesh
1976 Musafir, Giani Gurmukh SinghGiani Gurmukh Singh Musafir Literature & Education Punjab
1976 Pillai, K. ShankarK. Shankar Pillai Arts Delhi
1976 Ramanathan, K. R.K. R. Ramanathan Science & Engineering Kerala
1976 Ray, SatyajitSatyajit Ray Arts West Bengal
1976 Shrimali, Kalu LalKalu Lal Shrimali Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1976 Zaidi, Bashir HussainBashir Hussain Zaidi Literature & Education Delhi
1977 Balasaraswati, T.T. Balasaraswati Arts Tamil Nadu
1977 Jung, Ali YavarAli Yavar Jung Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1977 Khosla, Ajudhia NathAjudhia Nath Khosla Civil Service Delhi
1977 Mehra, Om PrakashOm Prakash Mehra Civil Service Punjab
1977 Mukherjee, Ajoy KumarAjoy Kumar Mukherjee Public Affairs West Bengal
1977 Singh, Chandeshwar Prasad NarayanChandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh Literature & Education Delhi
1980 Khan, BismillahBismillah Khan Arts Uttar Pradesh
1980 Krishnadasa, RaiRai Krishnadasa Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
1981 Dhawan, SatishSatish Dhawan Science & Engineering Karnataka
1981 Shankar, RaviRavi Shankar Arts Uttar Pradesh
1982 Behn, MiraMira Behn Social Work [C]
1985 Rao, C. N. R.C. N. R. Rao Science & Engineering Karnataka
1985 Menon, M. G. K.M. G. K. Menon Civil Service Kerala
1986 Amte, BabaBaba Amte[f] Social Work Maharashtra
1986 Maharaj, BirjuBirju Maharaj Arts Delhi
1986 Paintal, Autar SinghAutar Singh Paintal Medicine Delhi
1987 Chattopadhyay, KamaladeviKamaladevi Chattopadhyay Social Work Karnataka
1987 Pal, Benjamin PearyBenjamin Peary Pal Science & Engineering Punjab
1987 Singh, ManmohanManmohan Singh Civil Service Delhi
1987 Vaidya, Arun ShridharArun Shridhar Vaidya Civil Service Maharashtra
1988 Beg, Mirza HameedullahMirza Hameedullah Beg Public Affairs Delhi
1988 Kuvempu Literature & Education Karnataka
1988 Varma, MahadeviMahadevi Varma Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1989 Dikshit, Uma ShankarUma Shankar Dikshit Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
1989 Khan, Ali AkbarAli Akbar Khan Arts West Bengal
1989 Swaminathan, M. S.M. S. Swaminathan Science & Engineering Delhi
1990 Arunachalam, V. S. R.V. S. R. Arunachalam Literature & Education Delhi
1990 Chaturvedi, Triloki NathTriloki Nath Chaturvedi Civil Service Karnataka
1990 Datta, BhabatoshBhabatosh Datta Literature & Education West Bengal
1990 Gandharva, KumarKumar Gandharva Arts Madhya Pradesh
1990 Kalam, A. P. J. AbdulA. P. J. Abdul Kalam Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
1990 Iyer, Semmangudi SrinivasaSemmangudi Srinivasa Iyer Arts Tamil Nadu
1991 Balamuralikrishna, M.M. Balamuralikrishna Arts Tamil Nadu
1991 Husain, M. F.M. F. Husain Arts Maharashtra
1991 Mukherjee, HirendranathHirendranath Mukherjee Public Affairs West Bengal
1991 Nanda, GulzarilalGulzarilal Nanda Public Affairs Gujarat
1991 Patel, I. G.I. G. Patel Science & Engineering Gujarat
1991 Ranga, N. G.N. G. Ranga Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1991 Rustamji, Khusro FaramurzKhusro Faramurz Rustamji Civil Service Maharashtra
1991 Shastri, RajaramRajaram Shastri Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1992 Ali, Aruna AsafAruna Asaf Ali Public Affairs Delhi
1992 Joshi, Lakshman ShastriLakshman Shastri Joshi Literature & Education Maharashtra
1992 Mansur, MallikarjunMallikarjun Mansur Arts Karnataka
1992 Padmavati, S. I.S. I. Padmavati Medicine Delhi
1992 Rao, Kaloji NarayanaKaloji Narayana Rao Arts Andhra Pradesh
1992 Reddy, Ravi NarayanaRavi Narayana Reddy Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1992 Shantaram, V.V. Shantaram Arts Maharashtra
1992 Shroff, GovindbhaiGovindbhai Shroff Literature & Education Maharashtra
1992 Singh, SwaranSwaran Singh Public Affairs Punjab
1992 Vajpayee, Atal BihariAtal Bihari Vajpayee Public Affairs Delhi
1998 Mehta, UshaUsha Mehta Social Work Maharashtra
1998 Palkhivala, NanabhoyNanabhoy Palkhivala Public Affairs Maharashtra
1998 Sahgal, LakshmiLakshmi Sahgal Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
1998 Sisulu, WalterWalter Sisulu Public Affairs [D]
1999 Athavale, Pandurang ShastriPandurang Shastri Athavale Social Work Maharashtra
1999 Chidambaram, RajagopalaRajagopala Chidambaram Science & Engineering Maharashtra
1999 Deshmukh, NanajiNanaji Deshmukh Social Work Delhi
1999 Gopal, SarvepalliSarvepalli Gopal Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
1999 Gujral, SatishSatish Gujral Arts Delhi
1999 Iyer, V. R. KrishnaV. R. Krishna Iyer Public Affairs Kerala
1999 Joshi, BhimsenBhimsen Joshi Arts Maharashtra
1999 Khanna, Hans RajHans Raj Khanna Public Affairs Delhi
1999 Kurien, VergheseVerghese Kurien Science & Engineering Gujarat
1999 Mangeshkar, LataLata Mangeshkar Arts Maharashtra
1999 Nehru, Braj KumarBraj Kumar Nehru Civil Service Himachal Pradesh
1999 Pattammal, D. K.D. K. Pattammal Arts Tamil Nadu
1999 Singh, Lallan PrasadLallan Prasad Singh[iii]# Civil Service Delhi
1999 Vira, DharmaDharma Vira Civil Service Delhi
2000 Bakht, SikanderSikander Bakht Public Affairs Delhi
2000 Bhagwati, JagdishJagdish Bhagwati Literature & Education [B]
2000 Chaurasia, HariprasadHariprasad Chaurasia Arts Maharashtra
2000 Gill, M. S.M. S. Gill Civil Service Delhi
2000 Kasturirangan, KrishnaswamyKrishnaswamy Kasturirangan Science & Engineering Karnataka
2000 Lall, K. B.K. B. Lall Civil Service Delhi
2000 Mohapatra, KelucharanKelucharan Mohapatra Arts Odisha
2000 Motiram, JasrajJasraj Motiram Arts Maharashtra
2000 Narasimham, M.M. Narasimham Trade & Industry Andhra Pradesh
2000 Narayan, R. K.R. K. Narayan Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
2000 Pande, Bhairab DuttBhairab Dutt Pande Civil Service Uttarakhand
2000 Raj, K. N.K. N. Raj Literature & Education Kerala
2000 Singh, TarlokTarlok Singh Civil Service Delhi
2001 Galbraith, John KennethJohn Kenneth Galbraith Literature & Education [B]
2001 Gilman, Benjamin A.Benjamin A. Gilman Public Affairs [B]
2001 Khan, Amjad AliAmjad Ali Khan Arts Delhi
2001 Mehta, ZubinZubin Mehta Arts [B]
2001 Mukherjee, HrishikeshHrishikesh Mukherjee Arts Maharashtra
2001 Murthy, Kotha SatchidandaKotha Satchidanda Murthy Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
2001 Narasimhan, Chakravarthi V.Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan Civil Service Tamil Nadu
2001 Norota, HoseiHosei Norota Public Affairs [E]
2001 Rao, C. R.C. R. Rao Science & Engineering [B]
2001 Sharma, Man MohanMan Mohan Sharma Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2001 Sharma, ShivkumarShivkumar Sharma Arts Maharashtra
2002 Amonkar, KishoriKishori Amonkar Arts Maharashtra
2002 Hangal, GangubaiGangubai Hangal Arts Karnataka
2002 Maharaj, KishanKishan Maharaj Arts Uttar Pradesh
2002 Rangarajan, C.C. Rangarajan Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
2002 Sorabjee, SoliSoli Sorabjee Public Affairs Delhi
2003 Dorjee, Kazi LhendupKazi Lhendup Dorjee Public Affairs West Bengal
2003 Mansingh, SonalSonal Mansingh Arts Delhi
2003 Nanda, Bal RamBal Ram Nanda Literature & Education Delhi
2003 Triguna, Brihaspati DevBrihaspati Dev Triguna Medicine Delhi
2004 Narlikar, JayantJayant Narlikar Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2004 Pritam, AmritaAmrita Pritam Literature & Education Delhi
2004 Venkatachaliah, M. N.M. N. Venkatachaliah Public Affairs Karnataka
2005 Banerji, Milon K.Milon K. Banerji Public Affairs Delhi
2005 Dharia, MohanMohan Dharia Social Work Maharashtra
2005 Dixit, Jyotindra NathJyotindra Nath Dixit[iv]# Civil Service Delhi
2005 Goyal, B. K.B. K. Goyal Medicine Maharashtra
2005 Laxman, R. K.R. K. Laxman Arts Maharashtra
2005 Narayan, RamRam Narayan Arts Maharashtra
2005 Singh, KaranKaran Singh Public Affairs Delhi
2005 Valiathan, M. S.M. S. Valiathan Medicine Karnataka
2006 Borlaug, NormanNorman Borlaug Science & Engineering [B]
2006 Correa, CharlesCharles Correa Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2006 Deshpande, NirmalaNirmala Deshpande Social Work Delhi
2006 Devi, MahaswetaMahasweta Devi Literature & Education West Bengal
2006 Gopalakrishnan, AdoorAdoor Gopalakrishnan Arts Kerala
2006 Khare, V. N.V. N. Khare Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
2006 Rao, C. R. KrishnaswamyC. R. Krishnaswamy Rao Civil Service Tamil Nadu
2006 Siddiqi, ObaidObaid Siddiqi Science & Engineering Karnataka
2006 Tandon, Prakash NarainPrakash Narain Tandon Medicine Delhi
2007 Bhagwati, P. N.P. N. Bhagwati Public Affairs Delhi
2007 Chandra, NareshNaresh Chandra Civil Service Delhi
2007 Chelliah, RajaRaja Chelliah Public Affairs Tamil Nadu
2007 Krishnamurthy, V.V. Krishnamurthy Civil Service Delhi
2007 Nariman, Fali SamFali Sam Nariman Public Affairs Delhi
2007 Rao, RajaRaja Rao[v]# Literature & Education [B]
2007 Sankaran, BaluBalu Sankaran Medicine Delhi
2007 Singh, KhushwantKhushwant Singh[g] Literature & Education Delhi
2007 Sudarshan, GeorgeGeorge Sudarshan Science & Engineering [B]
2007 Vohra, Narinder NathNarinder Nath Vohra Civil Service Haryana
2008 Anand, Adarsh SeinAdarsh Sein Anand Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
2008 Anand, ViswanathanViswanathan Anand Sports Tamil Nadu
2008 Bhosle, AshaAsha Bhosle Arts Maharashtra
2008 Dhar, P. N.P. N. Dhar Civil Service Delhi
2008 Hillary, EdmundEdmund Hillary[vi]# Sports [F]
2008 Mittal, LakshmiLakshmi Mittal Trade & Industry [C]
2008 Mukherjee, PranabPranab Mukherjee Public Affairs Delhi
2008 Murthy, N. R. NarayanaN. R. Narayana Murthy Trade & Industry Karnataka
2008 Oberoi, Prithvi Raj SinghPrithvi Raj Singh Oberoi Trade & Industry Delhi
2008 Pachauri, Rajendra K.Rajendra K. Pachauri Science & Engineering Delhi
2008 Sreedharan, E.E. Sreedharan Science & Engineering Delhi
2008 Tata, RatanRatan Tata Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2008 Tendulkar, SachinSachin Tendulkar Sports Maharashtra
2009 Bahuguna, SunderlalSunderlal Bahuguna Others Uttarakhand
2009 Bajaj, Jasbir SinghJasbir Singh Bajaj Medicine Punjab
2009 Chattopadhyaya, D. P.D. P. Chattopadhyaya Literature & Education West Bengal
2009 Ganguly, Ashok SekharAshok Sekhar Ganguly Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2009 Nirmala, SisterSister Nirmala Social Work West Bengal
2009 Kakodkar, AnilAnil Kakodkar Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2009 Lal, PurshotamPurshotam Lal Medicine Uttar Pradesh
2009 Nair, G. MadhavanG. Madhavan Nair Science & Engineering Karnataka
2009 Narain, GovindGovind Narain Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
2009 Srivastava, Chandrika PrasadChandrika Prasad Srivastava Civil Service Maharashtra
2010 Alkazi, EbrahimEbrahim Alkazi Arts Delhi
2010 Ramakrishnan, VenkatramanVenkatraman Ramakrishnan Science & Engineering [C]
2010 Reddy, Prathap C.Prathap C. Reddy Trade & Industry Tamil Nadu
2010 Reddy, Y. VenugopalY. Venugopal Reddy Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
2010 Sehgal, ZohraZohra Sehgal Arts Delhi
2010 Sivaraman, Umayalpuram K.Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman Arts Tamil Nadu
2011 Ahluwalia, Montek SinghMontek Singh Ahluwalia Public Affairs Delhi
2011 Kelkar, VijayVijay Kelkar Public Affairs Maharashtra
2011 Kidwai, Akhlaqur RahmanAkhlaqur Rahman Kidwai Public Affairs Delhi
2011 Kurup, O. N. V.O. N. V. Kurup Literature & Education Kerala
2011 Mahapatra, SitakantSitakant Mahapatra Literature & Education Odisha
2011 Mishra, BrajeshBrajesh Mishra Civil Service Delhi
2011 Parasaran, K.K. Parasaran Public Affairs Delhi
2011 Premji, AzimAzim Premji Trade & Industry Karnataka
2011 Rao, Palle RamaPalle Rama Rao Science & Engineering Andhra Pradesh
2011 Rao, Akkineni NageswaraAkkineni Nageswara Rao Arts Andhra Pradesh
2011 Vatsyayan, KapilaKapila Vatsyayan Arts Delhi
2011 Vyarawalla, HomaiHomai Vyarawalla Arts Gujarat
2012 Hazarika, BhupenBhupen Hazarika[vii]# Arts Assam
2012 Miranda, MarioMario Miranda[viii]# Arts Goa
2012 Rajeswar, T. V.T. V. Rajeswar Civil Service Delhi
2012 Sancheti, Kantilal HastimalKantilal Hastimal Sancheti Medicine Maharashtra
2012 Subramanyan, K. G.K. G. Subramanyan Arts Gujarat
2013 Mohapatra, RaghunathRaghunath Mohapatra Arts Odisha
2013 Narasimha, RoddamRoddam Narasimha Science & Engineering Karnataka
2013 Pal, YashYash Pal Science & Engineering Uttar Pradesh
2013 Raza, S. H.S. H. Raza Arts Delhi
2014 Iyengar, B. K. S.B. K. S. Iyengar Others Maharashtra
2014 Mashelkar, Raghunath AnantRaghunath Anant Mashelkar Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2015 Advani, L. K.L. K. Advani Public Affairs Gujarat
2015 Bachchan, AmitabhAmitabh Bachchan Arts Maharashtra
2015 Badal, Parkash SinghParkash Singh Badal Public Affairs Punjab
2015 Heggade, VeerendraVeerendra Heggade Social Work Karnataka
2015 Kumar, DilipDilip Kumar Arts Maharashtra
2015 Rambhadracharya, Rambhadracharya Others Uttar Pradesh
2015 Srinivasan, M. R.M. R. Srinivasan Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
2015 Venugopal, Kottayan KatankotKottayan Katankot Venugopal Public Affairs Delhi
2015 Khan, Karim Al Hussaini AgaKarim Al Hussaini Aga Khan Trade & Industry [C][G]
2016 Aatre, V. K.V. K. Aatre Science & Engineering Karnataka
2016 Ambani, DhirubhaiDhirubhai Ambani[ix]# Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2016 Devi, GirijaGirija Devi Arts West Bengal
2016 Dixit, AvinashAvinash Dixit Literature & Education [B]
2016 , JagmohanJagmohan Public Affairs Delhi
2016 Krishnamurthy, YaminiYamini Krishnamurthy Arts Delhi
2016 , RajinikanthRajinikanth Arts Tamil Nadu
2016 Rao, RamojiRamoji Rao Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
2016 Shankar, Sri Sri RaviSri Sri Ravi Shankar[h] Others Karnataka
2016 Shanta, V.V. Shanta Medicine Tamil Nadu
2017 Joshi, Murli ManoharMurli Manohar Joshi Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
2017 Patwa, Sunder LalSunder Lal Patwa[x]# Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh
2017 Pawar, SharadSharad Pawar Public Affairs Maharashtra
2017 Rao, Udupi RamachandraUdupi Ramachandra Rao Science & Engineering Karnataka
2017 Sangma, P. A.P. A. Sangma[xi]# Public Affairs Meghalaya
2017 Vasudev, JaggiJaggi Vasudev Others Tamil Nadu
2017 Yesudas, K. J.K. J. Yesudas Arts Kerala
2018 , IlaiyaraajaIlaiyaraaja Arts Tamil Nadu
2018 Mustafa Khan, GhulamGhulam Mustafa Khan Arts Maharashtra
2018 Parameswaran, P.P. Parameswaran Literature & Education Kerala

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ Per Article 18 (1) of the Constitution of India: Abolition of titles, "no title, not being a military or academic distinction, shall be conferred by the State".[8][10]
  2. ^ Vilayat Khan refused Padma Shri (1964), Padma Bhushan (1968), and Padma Vibhushan (2000) and stated that "the selection committees were incompetent to judge [his] music".[14][15]
  3. ^ Swami Ranganathananda declined the award in 2000 as it was conferred to him as an individual and not to the Ramakrishna Mission.[15][16]
  4. ^ Lakshmi Chand Jain died on 14 November 2010, at the age of 84.[17] His family refused to accept the posthumous honour as Jain was against accepting state honours.[18]
  5. ^ Sharad Anantrao Joshi's family refused to accept the posthumous honour as Joshi's work for good of farmers is not reflected in the Government policies for them.[19]
  6. ^ a b In 1991, Baba Amte returned the award, along with the Padma Shri conferred in 1971, to protest against the treatment given to the tribals during the construction of Sardar Sarovar Dam.[48]
  7. ^ Khushwant Singh was awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award,[1] in 1974; he returned the award in 1984 in protest against Operation Blue Star led by the Indian Army.[52]
  8. ^ Sri Sri Ravi Shankar declined the award in 2015 and requested that "someone else should be given the honour".[57]
Non-citizen recipients
  1. ^ Indicates a citizen of Bhutan
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Indicates a citizen of the United States
  3. ^ a b c d Indicates a citizen of the United Kingdom
  4. ^ Indicates a citizen of South Africa
  5. ^ Indicates a citizen of Japan
  6. ^ Indicates a citizen of New Zealand
  7. ^ Indicates a citizen of France
Posthumous recipients
  1. ^ Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq died on 12 December 1971, at the age of 59.[46]
  2. ^ Vikram Sarabhai died on 30 December 1971, at the age of 52.[47]
  3. ^ Lallan Prasad Singh died on 9 November 1998, at the age of 86.[49]
  4. ^ Jyotindra Nath Dixit died on 3 January 2005, at the age of 68.[50]
  5. ^ Raja Rao died on 8 July 2006, at the age of 97.[51]
  6. ^ Edmund Hillary died on 11 January 2008, at the age of 88.[53]
  7. ^ Bhupen Hazarika died on 5 November 2011, at the age of 85.[54]
  8. ^ Mario Miranda died on 11 December 2011, at the age of 85.[55]
  9. ^ Dhirubhai Ambani died on 6 July 2002, at the age of 69.[56]
  10. ^ Sunder Lal Patwa died on 28 December 2016, at the age of 92.[58]
  11. ^ P. A. Sangma died on 4 March 2016, at the age of 68.[59]


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External links