The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India.[1] Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.[2] The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day (26 January) and registered in The Gazette of India—a publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, under the Ministry of Urban Development.[3] The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. The name of recipient, whose award have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, is archived and they are required to surrender their medal when their name is struck from the register.[4] As of 2018, none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 2010s have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, as well as from Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.[3]

When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg" (Class II) under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri.[3] The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluded those working with the public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute.[4] The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 34 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 18 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 316 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 116 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 14 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle.[3][4] It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.[a]

As of 2018, a total of 204 individuals have been conferred with the award in 2010s – forty-three conferments were presented in 2010, followed by thirty-one in 2011, twenty-eight in 2012, twenty-three in 2013, twenty-four in 2014, twenty in 2015, nineteen in 2016, seven in 2017, and nine in 2018. As of 2018, the Padma Bhushan in the 2010s have been also conferred upon twenty-eight foreign recipients – nineteen from the United States, three from the United Kingdom, and one each from Bangladesh, Germany, Ireland, Singapore, Russia, and Thailand. Individuals from ten different fields were awarded, which includes fifty-eight artists, thirty-four from literature and education, twenty-three from science and engineering, nineteen from trade and industry, seventeen from medicine, fourteen civil servants, thirteen from public affairs, nine sportspersons, seven from social work, and eleven from other fields. Most recently on 25 January 2018, the award has been bestowed upon nine recipients.[6]


Photograph of an old man wearing glasses.
In a career spanning over six decades, Shrinivas Khale (2010) composed more than 1000 songs primarily written in Marathi along with Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati and Sanskrit.[7]
Photograph of a dancer wearing black Sari.
Mallika Sarabhai (2010) is a Bharatanatyam and Kuchipudi dancer and has been awarded Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (2000) and the Knight of the Order of Arts & Letters (2002).[8]
Photograph of a smiling old man wearing glasses.
Kathakali exponent Madavoor Vasudevan Nair (2011) had expertise is in portraying anti-hero characters such as Ravana, Duryodhana, Kichaka, and Jarasandha.[9]
Photograph of a smiling old man wearing glasses.
Ayurvedic and Naturopathy exponent Raghavan Thirumulpad (2011) has authored of several works on wellness in Sanskrit and Malayalam.[10]
Photograph of an old man wearing black glasses and talking on mic.
Considered as "one of the foremost contemporary artists",[11] British-Indian sculptor Anish Kapoor (2012) was awarded a Knighthood in 2013.[12]
Photograph of a man wearing suit and speaking in front of a mic.
Cardiac surgeon turned businessman Devi Shetty (2012) is a chairman and Founder of Narayana Health, a chain of 21 medical centers in the country.[13]
Photograph of an old man wearing black glasses.
Marathi language poet and lyricist Mangesh Padgaonkar (2013) won the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1980 for his collection of poems, "Salaam".[14]
Photograph of an old woman speaking in front of a mic with her both hand in the air.
A Critical theorist, literary critic, and educator Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (2013) has been involved in rural education, feminist and ecological social movements since 1986.[15]
Photograph of a man wearing glasses and speaking in front of a mic.
Author of over 500 short stories and articles,[16] Indian author of British descent Ruskin Bond (2014) also received the Sahitya Akademi Award for English writing in 1992.[17]
Photograph of an old man sitting in a chair.
Grammy-winner percussionist in the field of Carnatic music and a Ghatam exponent T. H. Vinayakram (2014) has been elected Fellow of Sangeet Natak Akademi for his contribution to Indian music.[18]
Photograph of a smiling man.
Best known as the architect of country's first supercomputer PARAM, Vijay P. Bhatkar (2015) is a computer scientist, Information technology leader, and educationist.[19]
Photograph of an old man wearing glasses.
Geologist Khadg Singh Valdiya (2015) is known for his contribution to the sphere of geodynamics and was awarded the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for his work in the fields of Neotectonics, Sedimentology, and Environmental geology.[20]
Photograph of an old man in white shirt.
A. V. Rama Rao (2016) is known for his work in Organic synthesis and has published more than 260 research papers. Rao has been elected a fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, the Indian Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences, and The World Academy of Sciences.[21]
Photograph of a man wearing black suit and left hand in the air.
Vinod Rai (2016) is the former Comptroller and Auditor General of India and had been a Director on several Boards including the State Bank of India, ICICI Bank, IDBI Bank, Life Insurance Corporation of India, and IDFC.[22]
Photograph of an old man playing an instrument.
Grammy-winner Vishwa Mohan Bhatt (2017) is a Hindustani classical music instrumentalist, the "best known exponent of the Mohan Veena".[23]
Photograph of an old lady proposing a toast with her right hand.
Thailand national Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn (2017) is a scholar of Sanskrit language.[24]
Photograph of an old man with white beard wearing glasses.
The longest-serving bishop (over 62 years) in the country, Philipose Mar Chrysostom (2018) is the Metropolitan bishop of the Mar Thoma Church in Kerala.[25]
Photograph of an old man in white shirt.
Once described as "an unequalled expert in Chola bronzes", historian, archaeologist and epigraphist R. Nagaswamy (2018) is known for his work on temple inscriptions and art history of Tamil Nadu.[26]
Award recipients by year[6]
Year Number of recipients
Award recipients by field[6]
Field Number of recipients
Civil Service
Literature & Education
Public Affairs
Science & Engineering
Social Work
Trade & Industry
   # Indicates a posthumous honour
List of Padma Bhushan award recipients, showing the year, field, and state/country[6]
Year Recipient Field State
2010 Agarwal, Satya PaulSatya Paul Agarwal Medicine Delhi
2010 Amin, MohammadMohammad Amin Literature & Education Delhi
2010 Bandopadhyay, Sailesh KumarSailesh Kumar Bandopadhyay Public Affairs West Bengal
2010 Banga, M. S.M. S. Banga Trade & Industry [A]
2010 Bordia, AnilAnil Bordia Literature & Education Rajasthan
2010 Chandra, BipanBipan Chandra Literature & Education Delhi
2010 Chaturvedi, B. K.B. K. Chaturvedi Civil Service Delhi
2010 Chatwal, Sant SinghSant Singh Chatwal Public Affairs [B]
2010 Chopra, G. P.G. P. Chopra Literature & Education Delhi
2010 Chung, TanTan Chung Literature & Education [B]
2010 Dhaky, MadhusudanMadhusudan Dhaky Arts Gujarat
2010 Dubhashi, P. R.P. R. Dubhashi Civil Service Maharashtra
2010 Gawai, PuttarajPuttaraj Gawai Arts Karnataka
2010 Hegde, Belle MonappaBelle Monappa Hegde Medicine Karnataka
2010 Ilaiyaraaja, Ilaiyaraaja Arts Tamil Nadu
2010 Kapur, Jagdish ChandraJagdish Chandra Kapur Science & Engineering Delhi
2010 Khale, ShrinivasShrinivas Khale Arts Maharashtra
2010 Khan, AamirAamir Khan Arts Maharashtra
2010 Khan, SultanSultan Khan Arts Maharashtra
2010 Kumar, RamRam Kumar Arts Delhi
2010 Lakhia, KumudiniKumudini Lakhia Arts Gujarat
2010 Marar, Kuzhur NarayanaKuzhur Narayana Marar Arts Kerala
2010 Mishra, ChhannulalChhannulal Mishra Arts Uttar Pradesh
2010 Mooss, E. T. NarayananE. T. Narayanan Mooss Medicine Kerala
2010 Nair, C. P. KrishnanC. P. Krishnan Nair Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2010 Oswal, S. P.S. P. Oswal Trade & Industry Punjab
2010 Padamsee, AkbarAkbar Padamsee Arts Maharashtra
2010 Panda, RamakantaRamakanta Panda Medicine Maharashtra
2010 Patil, Balasaheb VikheBalasaheb Vikhe Patil Social Work Maharashtra
2010 Paulraj, ArogyaswamiArogyaswami Paulraj Science & Engineering [B]
2010 Rahman, A. R.A. R. Rahman Arts Tamil Nadu
2010 Raza, MoosaMoosa Raza Civil Service Delhi
2010 Sarabhai, MallikaMallika Sarabhai Arts Gujarat
2010 Satyanarayana, Nookala ChinnaNookala Chinna Satyanarayana Arts Andhra Pradesh
2010 Sen, AbhijitAbhijit Sen Public Affairs Delhi
2010 Shastri, Satya VratSatya Vrat Shastri Literature & Education Delhi
2010 Shroff, Noshir M.Noshir M. Shroff Medicine Delhi
2010 Singh, Kushal PalKushal Pal Singh Trade & Industry Delhi
2010 Sinha, BikashBikash Sinha Science & Engineering West Bengal
2010 Swamiji, BalagangadharanathaBalagangadharanatha Swamiji Social Work Karnataka
2010 Vaghul, NarayananNarayanan Vaghul Trade & Industry Tamil Nadu
2010 Warrier, P. K.P. K. Warrier Medicine Kerala
2010 Zakaria, FareedFareed Zakaria Literature & Education [B]
2011 Balasubrahmanyam, S. P.S. P. Balasubrahmanyam Arts Tamil Nadu
2011 Birla, RajashreeRajashree Birla Social Work Maharashtra
2011 Buch, M. N.M. N. Buch Civil Service Madhya Pradesh
2011 Chandrasekhar, C. V.C. V. Chandrasekhar Arts Tamil Nadu
2011 Chowdhry, AjaiAjai Chowdhry Trade & Industry Delhi
2011 Deveshwar, Yogesh ChanderYogesh Chander Deveshwar Trade & Industry West Bengal
2011 Dubey, SatyadevSatyadev Dubey Arts Maharashtra
2011 George, T. J. S.T. J. S. George Literature & Education Karnataka
2011 Ghosh, ShankhaShankha Ghosh Literature & Education West Bengal
2011 Gopalakrishnan, KrisKris Gopalakrishnan Trade & Industry Karnataka
2011 Grant, Keki ByramjeeKeki Byramjee Grant[i]# Medicine Maharashtra
2011 Kapoor, ShashiShashi Kapoor Arts Maharashtra
2011 Khanna, KrishenKrishen Khanna Arts Haryana
2011 Khayyam, Mohammed ZahurMohammed Zahur Khayyam Arts Maharashtra
2011 Kochhar, ChandaChanda Kochhar Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2011 Mukhopadhyay, DwijenDwijen Mukhopadhyay Arts West Bengal
2011 Nair, Madavoor VasudevanMadavoor Vasudevan Nair Arts Kerala
2011 Pai, RamdasRamdas Pai Literature & Education Karnataka
2011 Patel, DashrathDashrath Patel[ii]# Arts Gujarat
2011 Pawar, Rajendra SinghRajendra Singh Pawar Trade & Industry Haryana
2011 Ramachandran, SuryanarayananSuryanarayanan Ramachandran Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
2011 Ranade, ShobhanaShobhana Ranade Social Work Maharashtra
2011 Reddy, Gunupati Venkata KrishnaGunupati Venkata Krishna Reddy Trade & Industry Andhra Pradesh
2011 Reddy, Kallam AnjiKallam Anji Reddy Trade & Industry Andhra Pradesh
2011 Rehman, WaheedaWaheeda Rehman Arts Maharashtra
2011 Saran, ShyamShyam Saran Civil Service Delhi
2011 Singh, AnaljitAnaljit Singh Trade & Industry Delhi
2011 Singh, ArpitaArpita Singh Arts Delhi
2011 Singh, SurendraSurendra Singh Civil Service Delhi
2011 Srikantan, R. K.R. K. Srikantan Arts Karnataka
2011 Thirumulpad, RaghavanRaghavan Thirumulpad[iii]# Medicine Kerala
2012 Advani, Suresh H.Suresh H. Advani Medicine Maharashtra
2012 Azmi, ShabanaShabana Azmi Arts Maharashtra
2012 Bhabha, Homi K.Homi K. Bhabha Literature & Education [A]
2012 Chitre, ShashikumarShashikumar Chitre Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2012 Choudhury, KhaledKhaled Choudhury Arts West Bengal
2012 Das, JatinJatin Das Arts Delhi
2012 Dehejia, VidyaVidya Dehejia Literature & Education [B]
2012 Dharmendra, Dharmendra Arts Maharashtra
2012 Goenka, S. N.S. N. Goenka Social Work Maharashtra
2012 Gopalakrishnan, M. S.M. S. Gopalakrishnan Arts Tamil Nadu
2012 Gopalakrishnan, T. V.T. V. Gopalakrishnan Arts Tamil Nadu
2012 Gupta, Buddhadev DasBuddhadev Das Gupta Arts West Bengal
2012 Janah, SunilSunil Janah Arts [B]
2012 Kapoor, AnishAnish Kapoor Arts [A]
2012 Mujumdar, S. B.S. B. Mujumdar Literature & Education Maharashtra
2012 Muthuraman, BalasubramanianBalasubramanian Muthuraman Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2012 Nair, MiraMira Nair Arts Delhi
2012 Panagariya, ArvindArvind Panagariya Literature & Education [B]
2012 Pereira, JoséJosé Pereira Literature & Education [B]
2012 Prasad, MataMata Prasad Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
2012 Raghunathan, M. S.M. S. Raghunathan Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2012 Rao, P. ChandrasekharaP. Chandrasekhara Rao Public Affairs [C]
2012 Sen, RonenRonen Sen Civil Service West Bengal
2012 Shetty, DeviDevi Shetty Medicine Karnataka
2012 Subbiah, M. V.M. V. Subbiah Trade & Industry Tamil Nadu
2012 Vittal, N.N. Vittal Civil Service Kerala
2012 Wadia, N. H.N. H. Wadia Medicine Maharashtra
2012 Yeo, GeorgeGeorge Yeo Public Affairs [D]
2013 Atluri, Satya N.Satya N. Atluri Science & Engineering [B]
2013 Bhan, Maharaj KishanMaharaj Kishan Bhan Civil Service Delhi
2013 Bhatti, JaspalJaspal Bhatti[iv]# Arts Punjab
2013 Dravid, RahulRahul Dravid Sports Karnataka
2013 Godrej, AdiAdi Godrej Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2013 Khan, Abdul RashidAbdul Rashid Khan Arts West Bengal
2013 Khanna, RajeshRajesh Khanna[v]# Arts Maharashtra
2013 Kom, MaryMary Kom Sports Manipur
2013 Laud, Nandkishore ShamraoNandkishore Shamrao Laud Medicine Maharashtra
2013 Padgaonkar, MangeshMangesh Padgaonkar Literature & Education Maharashtra
2013 Panwar, Hemendra SinghHemendra Singh Panwar Civil Service Madhya Pradesh
2013 Pati, JogeshJogesh Pati Science & Engineering [B]
2013 Patil, Shivajirao GirdharShivajirao Girdhar Patil Public Affairs Maharashtra
2013 Pillai, A. SivathanuA. Sivathanu Pillai Science & Engineering Delhi
2013 Ramanaidu, D.D. Ramanaidu Arts Andhra Pradesh
2013 Rele, KanakKanak Rele Arts Maharashtra
2013 Saraswat, V. K.V. K. Saraswat Science & Engineering Delhi
2013 Sen, AshokeAshoke Sen Science & Engineering Uttar Pradesh
2013 Spivak, Gayatri ChakravortyGayatri Chakravorty Spivak Literature & Education [B]
2013 Suresh, B. N.B. N. Suresh Science & Engineering Karnataka
2013 Tagore, SharmilaSharmila Tagore Arts Delhi
2013 Thyagarajan, RamamurthyRamamurthy Thyagarajan Trade & Industry Tamil Nadu
2013 Vaidyanathan, SarojaSaroja Vaidyanathan Arts Delhi
2014 Anisuzzaman, Anisuzzaman Literature & Education [E]
2014 Athreya, MrityunjayMrityunjay Athreya Literature & Education Delhi
2014 Balaram, PadmanabhanPadmanabhan Balaram Science & Engineering Karnataka
2014 Bhandari, DalveerDalveer Bhandari Public Affairs Delhi
2014 Bond, RuskinRuskin Bond Literature & Education Uttarakhand
2014 Desai, AnitaAnita Desai Literature & Education Delhi
2014 Gopichand, PullelaPullela Gopichand Sports Andhra Pradesh
2014 Haasan, KamalKamal Haasan Arts Tamil Nadu
2014 Joshi, JyeshtharajJyeshtharaj Joshi Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2014 Kaul, Vijayendra NathVijayendra Nath Kaul Civil Service Delhi
2014 Kler, NeelamNeelam Kler Medicine Delhi
2014 Mahadevappa, MadappaMadappa Mahadevappa Science & Engineering Karnataka
2014 Paes, LeanderLeander Paes Sports Maharashtra
2014 Radhakrishnan, K.K. Radhakrishnan Science & Engineering Karnataka
2014 Ramakrishna, AnumoluAnumolu Ramakrishna[vi]# Science & Engineering Andhra Pradesh
2014 Ramasami, ThirumalachariThirumalachari Ramasami Science & Engineering Delhi
2014 Rudolph, LloydLloyd Rudolph Literature & Education [B]
2014 Rudolph, Susanne HoeberSusanne Hoeber Rudolph Literature & Education [B]
2014 Sharma, Vinod PrakashVinod Prakash Sharma Science & Engineering Delhi
2014 Sheikh, Ghulam MohammedGhulam Mohammed Sheikh Arts Gujarat
2014 Sultana, Begum ParveenBegum Parveen Sultana Arts Maharashtra
2014 Thaker, DhirubhaiDhirubhai Thaker Literature & Education Gujarat
2014 Vairamuthu, Vairamuthu Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
2014 Verma, J. S.J. S. Verma[vii]# Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
2014 Vinayakram, T. H.T. H. Vinayakram Arts Tamil Nadu
2015 Barua, JahnuJahnu Barua Arts Assam
2015 Bhargava, ManjulManjul Bhargava Science & Engineering [B]
2015 Bhatkar, VijayVijay Bhatkar Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2015 Dasgupta, SwapanSwapan Dasgupta Literature & Education Delhi
2015 Frawley, DavidDavid Frawley Others [B]
2015 Gates, BillBill Gates Social Work [B]
2015 Gates, MelindaMelinda Gates Social Work [B]
2015 Giri, SatyamitranandSatyamitranand Giri Others Uttar Pradesh
2015 Gopalaswami, N.N. Gopalaswami Civil Service Tamil Nadu
2015 Kashyap, Subhash C.Subhash C. Kashyap Public Affairs Delhi
2015 Maharaj, GokulotsavjiGokulotsavji Maharaj Arts Madhya Pradesh
2015 Misumi, SaichiroSaichiro Misumi Others Japan
2015 Mithal, AmbrishAmbrish Mithal Medicine Delhi
2015 Ragunathan, SudhaSudha Ragunathan Arts Tamil Nadu
2015 Salve, HarishHarish Salve Public Affairs Delhi
2015 Seth, AshokAshok Seth Medicine Delhi
2015 Sharma, RajatRajat Sharma Literature & Education Delhi
2015 Singh, SatpalSatpal Singh Sports Delhi
2015 Swami, ShivakumaraShivakumara Swami Others Karnataka
2015 Valdiya, Khadg SinghKhadg Singh Valdiya Science & Engineering Karnataka
2016 Bhargava, Ravindra ChandraRavindra Chandra Bhargava Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
2016 Blackwill, RobertRobert Blackwill Public Affairs [B]
2016 Contractor, HafeezHafeez Contractor Others Maharashtra
2016 Jain, InduIndu Jain Trade & Industry Delhi
2016 Kanhailal, HeisnamHeisnam Kanhailal Arts Manipur
2016 Kher, AnupamAnupam Kher Arts Maharashtra
2016 Mirza, SaniaSania Mirza Sports Telangana
2016 Mistry, PallonjiPallonji Mistry Trade & Industry [F]
2016 Narayan, UditUdit Narayan Arts Maharashtra
2016 Nehwal, SainaSaina Nehwal Sports Telangana
2016 Prasad, Yarlagadda LakshmiYarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
2016 Rai, VinodVinod Rai Civil Service Kerala
2016 Ramanuja Tatacharya, N. S.N. S. Ramanuja Tatacharya Literature & Education Maharashtra
2016 Rama Rao, A. V.A. V. Rama Rao Science & Engineering Andhra Pradesh
2016 Reddy, D. NageshwarD. Nageshwar Reddy Medicine Telangana
2016 Saraswati, DayanandaDayananda Saraswati[viii]# Others Uttarakhand
2016 Singh Hamdard, BarjinderBarjinder Singh Hamdard Literature & Education Punjab
2016 Sutar, Ram V.Ram V. Sutar Arts Uttar Pradesh
2016 Tejomayananda, Tejomayananda Others Maharashtra
2017 Bhatt, Vishwa MohanVishwa Mohan Bhatt Arts Rajasthan
2017 Dwivedi, DeviprasadDeviprasad Dwivedi Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
2017 Ratnasundarsuri, Ratnasundarsuri Others Gujarat
2017 Saraswati, NiranjananandaNiranjanananda Saraswati Others Bihar
2017 Ramaswamy, ChoCho Ramaswamy[ix]# Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
2017 Sirindhorn, Maha ChakriMaha Chakri Sirindhorn Literature & Education [G]
2017 Udwadia, Tehemton ErachTehemton Erach Udwadia Medicine Maharashtra
2018 Advani, PankajPankaj Advani Sports Karnataka
2018 Chrysostom, Philipose MarPhilipose Mar Chrysostom Others Kerala
2018 Dhoni, Mahendra SinghMahendra Singh Dhoni Sports Jharkhand
2018 Kadakin, AlexanderAlexander Kadakin[x]# Public Affairs [H]
2018 Nagaswamy, RamachandranRamachandran Nagaswamy Others Tamil Nadu
2018 Nanda, Ved PrakashVed Prakash Nanda Literature & Education [B]
2018 Pai, LaxmanLaxman Pai Arts Goa
2018 Parikh, ArvindArvind Parikh Arts Maharashtra
2018 Sinha, ShardaSharda Sinha Arts Bihar

Controversies and refusals

The 2010 conferment on an Indian-American businessman Sant Singh Chatwal created much controversy. Awarded in the field of Public Affairs, Chatwal is known for his association with former US President Bill Clinton and his wife Hillary Clinton and pled guilty to violating the Federal Election Campaign Act and witness tampering during the United States presidential election.[37] He was also accused of lobbying for the award by leveraging "his contacts in the Prime Minister's Office and United States Congress".[38] The Government, however, issued a press release defending the conferment. The statement mentioned Chatwal as a "tireless advocate" of the country's interest in the United States. It also clarified that out of five Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) registered cases against him between 1992 and 1994, three were closed by CBI itself and in remaining two cases, Chatwal was discharged by the Court and as per the reports that were made available to the selection committee, there was "nothing adverse on record against him".[39][40] According to media reports, there were several cases filed or registered after April 2009 which includes three criminal complaints with Kerala Police and four cases in Delhi High Court and Kerala High Court. Chatwal also served summons in January 2010. However, the then Union Home Secretary Gopal Krishna Pillai said that "no probe has been ordered nor any report sought from anyone".[41]

Earlier in 2008, Chatwal was considered for the Padma Shri but the Indian Embassy in Washington, D.C. declined to nominate Chatwal when asked by the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO). Ronen Sen who was then serving as the Indian Ambassador to the United States had told PMO that the conferral would not be appropriate because of the controversy associated with Chatwal's financial dealings in two countries. Sen had also mentioned that though positive, Chatwal's contribution are much less compared to other Indian-Americans and the bestowal would not only "demoralise the others who had done much more" but also would create "the impression that India did not regard lack of transparency in financial dealings as a disqualification for its highest honours".[42]

In 2013, playback singer S. Janaki refused to accept her award and stated that "the award has come late in her five-and-half-decade long career". The singer also mentioned that she is not against the Government and expressed happiness for the recognition but requested the Government to "show some more consideration to the artists from the southern parts of the country.[43] In 2014, family members of J. S. Verma who served as 27th Chief Justice of India refused the posthumous conferral stating that "Verma himself would not have accepted" the honour as he "never hankered or lobbied for any acclaim, reward or favour".[44]

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ The order of precedence is: Bharat Ratna, Param Vir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan.[5]
Non-citizen recipients
  1. ^ a b c Indicates a citizen of the United Kingdom
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Indicates a citizen of the United States
  3. ^ Indicates a citizen of Germany
  4. ^ Indicates a citizen of Singapore
  5. ^ Indicates a citizen of Bangladesh
  6. ^ Indicates a citizen of Ireland
  7. ^ Indicates a citizen of Thailand
  8. ^ Indicates a citizen of Russia
Posthumous recipients
  1. ^ Keki Byramjee Grant died on 4 January 2011, at the age of 90.[27]
  2. ^ Dashrath Patel died on 2 December 2010, at the age of 83.[28]
  3. ^ Raghavan Thirumulpad died on 21 November 2010, at the age of 90.[29]
  4. ^ Jaspal Bhatti died on 25 October 2012, at the age of 57.[30]
  5. ^ Rajesh Khanna died on 18 July 2012, at the age of 69.[31]
  6. ^ Anumolu Ramakrishna died on 20 August 2013, at the age of 73.[32]
  7. ^ J. S. Verma died on 22 April 2013, at the age of 80.[33]
  8. ^ Dayananda Saraswati died on 23 September 2015, at the age of 85.[34]
  9. ^ Cho Ramaswamy died on 7 December 2016, at the age of 82.[35]
  10. ^ Alexander Kadakin died on 26 January 2017, at the age of 67.[36]


  1. ^ "PV Sindhu recommended for Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award, by sports ministry". Firstpost. 25 September 2017. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017. 
  2. ^ Lal, Shavax A. (1954). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 2 January 1954): 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018. The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg' 
  3. ^ a b c d "Padma Awards Scheme" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Ayyar, N. M. (1955). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 15 January 1955): 8. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018. All persons upon whom the decoration of 'Padma Vibhushan' ('Dusra Varg') was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Bhushan has been conferred by the President. 
  5. ^ "Wearing of Medals: Precedence Of Medals". Indian Army. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2014)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 21 May 2014. pp. 166–193. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2015" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2015. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2016" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2016. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2017" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2017. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2018" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2018. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018. 
  7. ^ "Music composer Shrinivas Khale passes away at 85". Hindustan Times. 4 September 2011. Archived from the original on 27 March 2018. Retrieved 27 March 2018. 
  8. ^ Shah, Manali (28 August 2015). "10 years later, Mallika Sarabhai back with Sita's Daughters". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  9. ^ "Kathakali exponent Madavoor Vasudevan Nair no more". The New Indian Express. Thiruvananthapuram. 7 February 2018. Archived from the original on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  10. ^ "Ayurvedic exponent Raghavan Thirumulpad dies". Daily News and Analysis. 21 November 2010. Archived from the original on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  11. ^ "Introducing the new UK passport design" (PDF). HM Passport Office. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  12. ^ "Profile: Anish Kapoor". Lisson Gallery. Archived from the original on 28 January 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  13. ^ Gokhale, Ketaki (29 July 2013). "Heart Surgery in India for $1,583 Costs $106,385 in U.S." Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 14 February 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  14. ^ "Veteran Marathi poet and Padma award recipient Mangesh Padgaonkar passes away". The Indian Express. 31 December 2015. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  15. ^ "Kyoto Prize: Laureates: Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak". Inamori Foundation. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  16. ^ "Authors: Ruskin Bond". Penguin India. Archived from the original on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  17. ^ "Scholastic Authors: Ruskin Bond". Scholastic. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  18. ^ "Fellow of Sangeet Natak Akademi: T. H. Vinayakram". Sangeet Natak Akademi. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  19. ^ "Dr. Vijay Bhatkar appointed Chancellor of Nalanda University". Nalanda University. 27 January 2017. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  20. ^ Kasniyal, B. D. (29 January 2015). "Residents exult at Padma Bhushan to geologist Valdiya". The Tribune. Pithoragarh. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  21. ^ "NCL Alumni Global Meet 2015" (PDF). NCL Alumni Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 April 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  22. ^ "IDFC: Board of Directors". IDFC Bank. Archived from the original on 30 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  23. ^ Trivedi, Sukumar M. (7 January 2009). "'String' operation: Pt Vishwa Mohan Bhatt, father of Mohan Veena". The Indian Express. Ahmadabad. Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  24. ^ "Thai Princess Sirindhorn chosen for first world Sanskrit Award". Hindustan Times. 5 February 2016. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  25. ^ Sajimon, P. S. (28 April 2016). "BJP will open account in Kerala, says India's longest-serving bishop". The Times of India. Alappuzha. Retrieved 29 March 2018. 
  26. ^ "There is no alternative history. It's only factual: Historian Dr R Nagaswamy". The Indian Express. 30 July 2016. Archived from the original on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  27. ^ Sayyed, Nozia (4 January 2011). "Pune's Ruby Hall Clinic founder, Dr Keki Grant, passes away". Daily News Analysis. Pune. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  28. ^ "Design Dada Dashrath Patel is dead". The Times of India. Ahmedabad. 4 January 2011. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  29. ^ "Ayurvedic exponent Raghavan Thirumulpad dies in Kerala". Deccan Herald. Thrissur. 21 November 2010. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  30. ^ Singh, I. P.; Mohan, Vibhor (25 October 2012). "Jaspal Bhatti dies in road accident". The Times of India. Jalandhar/Chandigarh. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  31. ^ "Bollywood's 'first superstar' Rajesh Khanna dies aged 69". BBC. 18 July 2012. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  32. ^ "DFI of India: Regional Report" (PDF). Deep Foundations Institute. January 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  33. ^ "India's anti-rape law judge JS Verma dies". BBC. 23 April 2013. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  34. ^ Madhavan, Karthik (24 September 2015). "Swami Dayananda Saraswati passes away". The Hindu. Coimbatore. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  35. ^ Kolappan, B. (7 December 2016). "Cho Ramaswamy, editor of 'Thuglak', dies at 82". The Hindu. Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  36. ^ Roche, Elizabeth (27 January 2017). "Alexander Kadakin, Russian ambassador to India, dies after brief illness". Mint. Archived from the original on 26 January 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2018. 
  37. ^ "Padma Bhushan to Chatwal: US court sentence to rake up controversy again". Hindustan Times. Chandigarh. 20 December 2014. Archived from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  38. ^ Mukul, Akshaya; Mohan, Vishwa; Dhawan, Himanshi (6 February 2010). "Chatwal fiasco: Top civilian awards losing sheen". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  39. ^ "Padma award to Chatwal after due diligence: Govt". New Delhi: India Today. 27 January 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  40. ^ "Government defends Chatwal's Padma Bhushan". New Delhi: NDTV. 27 January 2010. Archived from the original on 12 September 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  41. ^ "Centre trying to ascertain facts in award for Chatwal case". Daily News Analysis. New Delhi. 6 February 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  42. ^ Varadarajan, Siddharth (1 February 2010). "Don't honour Chatwal, Indian envoy told PMO". The Hindu. New Delhi. Archived from the original on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  43. ^ "Playback singer Janaki rejects Padma Bhushan award". The Times of India. Palakkad. 26 January 2013. Archived from the original on 11 June 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  44. ^ "J. S. Verma's family refuses Padma Bhushan". The Indian Express. New Delhi. 31 January 2014. Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2016. 

External links