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The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India.[1] Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.[2] The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day (26 January) and registered in The Gazette of India—a publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, under the Ministry of Urban Development.[3] The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. The names of recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which processes require the authority of the President, are archived and they are required to surrender their medal when their name is struck from the register;[4] none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 2000–2009 have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, as well as from Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.[3]

When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg" (Class II) under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri.[3] The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluded those working with the public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute.[4] The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 34 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 18 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 316 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 116 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 14 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle.[3][4] It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.[a]

A total of 291 awards were presented in the 2000s – twenty awards were presented in 2000, followed by thirty-two in 2001, twenty-five in 2002, thirty-two in 2003, nineteen in 2004, thirty in 2005, thirty-seven in 2006, thirty-two in 2007, thirty-five in 2008, and thirty-one in 2009. The Padma Bhushan in the 2000s was also conferred upon 37 foreign recipients – eighteen from the United States, five each from Russia and the United Kingdom, three from Japan, two from France, and one each from China, the Czech Republic, Germany, and South Africa. Individuals from ten different fields were awarded, which includes sixty-nine artists, sixty from literature and education, forty-three from science and engineering, twenty-seven from trade and industry, twenty-six from medicine, twenty-two from public affairs, eighteen from social work, twelve from civil services, ten from other fields, and four sportspersons.[6]

In 2003, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) volunteer Dattopant Thengadi refused to accept the award until RSS founder K. B. Hedgewar RSS ideologue M. S. Golwalkar had been offered the Bharat Ratna.[7] Historian Romila Thapar, who had earlier refused the award in 1992, did so again in 2005.[7] In a letter she wrote to the then President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, she mentioned that she had refused the award when the Ministry of Human Resource Development contacted her. However, she stated she was surprised to see her name in the list of awardees.[8] Civil servant S. R. Sankaran also refused to accept the award in 2005 without citing any reason.[9]

Recipients

Close-up of Wahiduddin Khan.
Awarded in 2000, Wahiduddin Khan is an Islamic scholar and peace activist. He founded the Centre for Peace and Spirituality in 2001.[10]
Photograph of a man wearing medial apron.
2000 recipient Harbans Singh Wasir was former professor and head of the Department of Cardiology at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi and is known for his contribution to the field of preventive cardiology.[11]
An image of L. Subramaniam.
L. Subramaniam was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2001 and is considered the first among Indians to introduce the concept of Jugalbandi between Hindustani classical and Carnatic music.[12]
An image of Yamini Krishnamurthy.
2001 recipient Yamini Krishnamurthy is an Indian classica dancer of Bharatanatyam and Kuchipudi style. She is also the recipient of Padma Vibhushan and Padma Shri.[13]
Close up of Raj Reddy.
Raj Reddy is an Indian-American computer scientist and is the recipient of the Turing Award (1994) for his work in the field of Artificial Intelligence and computer science. He was awarded in 2001.[14]
A man speaking in a conference with hand gestures.
2001 recipient Naresh Trehan is a cardiovascular-cardiothoracic surgeon and the founder of Medanta Institute.[15]
Zakir Hussain playing tabla.
2002 recipient Zakir Hussain is a tabla player in Hindustani classical music. He is also the recipient of Padma Shri, the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award and the National Heritage Fellowship given by the United States.[16]
An image of Mario Miranda
Mario Miranda was a cartoonist and painter. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2002.[17]
An image of Sitakant Mahapatra.
Awarded in 2003, Sitakant Mahapatra is a poet, literay critic, and ex-IAS officer. He is also the recipient of the Jnanpith Award, the Sahitya Akademi Award, and the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship.[18]
An image of Padma Subramanyam.
2003 recipient Padma Subramanyam is a Bharatanatyam dancer and has also received the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1983) and is elected Fellow of Sangeet Natak Akademi for her contribution to Indian dance.[19]
An image of Govindarajan Padmanaban.
A recipient of the Padma Shri and Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, Govindarajan Padmanaban is an biochemist, biotechnologist and former director of Indian Institute of Science. He was awarded in 2003.[20]
An image of Sardara Singh Johl.
Awarded in 2004, Sardara Singh Johl is an agricultural economist and chancellor of Central University of Punjab. He also served as consultant to Food and Agricultural Organisation, World Bank and United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia.[21]
An image of Kiran Shaw.
Awarded in 2005, Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw is the chairperson of Biocon and Indian Institute of Management Bangalore. She has frequently appeared in Forbes list of most powerful women.[22]
An image of Madhav Gadgil.
Awarded in 2006, Madhav Gadgil is an ecologist academic, writer, and the founder of the research forum, Centre for Ecological Sciences.[23]
An image of Azim Premji.
Often called as "the czar of the Indian IT Industry", Azim Premji is the chairperson of Wipro Limited and was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2006.[24]
An image of Devaki Jain.
2006 recipient Devaki Jain is an Indian economist and writer, who has worked mainly in the field of feminist economics. She has written several books and papers on gender rights, development and feminist reflections.[25]
An image of Kavalam Narayana Panicker
Awarded in 2007, Kavalam Narayana Panicker has written 26 Malayalam plays and is a recipient of the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award and the fellowship of the Sangeet Natak Akademi.[26]
An image of Vilayanur S. Ramachandran
Once described as "the Marco Polo of neuroscience", the Neuroscientist Vilayanur S. Ramachandran is best known for developing a therapy for Phantom limb pain and was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2007.[27]
An image of Kaushik Basu
2008 recipient Kaushik Basu is the former Chief Economist and Senior Vice President of the World Bank. He also served as the Chief Economic Adviser to the Government of India.[28]
An image of S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan
Awarded Padma Bhushan in 2008, S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan is an Abel Prize-winner mathematician primarily known for his fundamental contributions to probability theory.[29]
An image of Dhananjayans
The Bharatanatyam exponents Shanta Dhananjayan (left) and Vannadil Pudiyaveettil Dhananjayan (right), better known as "Dhananjayans", are founder of "Bharata Kalanjali", a dance institute located at Chennai.[30] The couple was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2009.
An image of Sam Pitroda.
Awarded in 2009, Sam Pitroda was an adviser to the Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in the 1980s on Public Information Infrastructure and Innovations. He was also appointed as a Chairman of National Knowledge Commission (2005–2009).[31]
Award recipients by year[6]
Year Number of recipients
2000
20
2001
32
2002
25
2003
32
2004
19
2005
28
2006
37
2007
32
2008
35
2009
31
Award recipients by field[6]
Field Number of recipients
Arts
69
Civil Service
12
Literature & Education
60
Medicine
26
Others
10
Public Affairs
22
Science & Engineering
43
Social Work
18
Sports
4
Trade & Industry
27
Key
   # Indicates a posthumous honour
List of Padma Bhushan award recipients, showing the year, field, and state/country[6]
Year Recipient Field State
2000 Aatre, Vasudev KalkunteVasudev Kalkunte Aatre Science & Engineering Delhi
2000 Agarwal, Anil KumarAnil Kumar Agarwal Others Delhi
2000 Agarwal, Ram NarainRam Narain Agarwal Science & Engineering Andhra Pradesh
2000 Backliwal, Sharan RaniSharan Rani Backliwal Arts Delhi
2000 Dev, KalyanKalyan Dev Social Work Uttar Pradesh
2000 Heggade, VeerendraVeerendra Heggade Social Work Karnataka
2000 Indiresan, Pavaguda V.Pavaguda V. Indiresan Science & Engineering Delhi
2000 Khan, WahiduddinWahiduddin Khan Public Affairs Delhi
2000 Lal, B. B.B. B. Lal Science & Engineering Delhi
2000 Mashelkar, Raghunath AnantRaghunath Anant Mashelkar Science & Engineering Delhi
2000 Prasad, H. Y. SharadaH. Y. Sharada Prasad Literature & Education Delhi
2000 Rajinikanth, Rajinikanth Arts Tamil Nadu
2000 Rasul, Begum AizazBegum Aizaz Rasul Social Work Uttar Pradesh
2000 Reddy, RadhaRadha Reddy Arts Delhi
2000 Reddy, RajaRaja Reddy Arts Delhi
2000 Sekharan, Pakkiriswamy ChandraPakkiriswamy Chandra Sekharan Science & Engineering Karnataka
2000 Somaiya, Karamshi JethabhaiKaramshi Jethabhai Somaiya[i]# Social Work Maharashtra
2000 Srinivasan, S.S. Srinivasan[ii]# Science & Engineering Kerala
2000 Tata, RatanRatan Tata Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2000 Wasir, Harbans SinghHarbans Singh Wasir Medicine Haryana
2001 Anand, DevDev Anand Arts Maharashtra
2001 Anand, ViswanathanViswanathan Anand Sports Tamil Nadu
2001 Bachchan, AmitabhAmitabh Bachchan Arts Maharashtra
2001 Bajaj, RahulRahul Bajaj Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2001 Barwale, B. R.B. R. Barwale Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2001 Bharde, BalasahebBalasaheb Bharde Social Work Maharashtra
2001 Bhimanna, BoyiBoyi Bhimanna Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
2001 Chatterjee, SwadeshSwadesh Chatterjee Public Affairs [A]
2001 Chopra, Baldev RajBaldev Raj Chopra Arts Maharashtra
2001 Desai, AshokAshok Desai Public Affairs Delhi
2001 George, Karimpumannil MathaiKarimpumannil Mathai George Literature & Education Kerala
2001 Hazarika, BhupenBhupen Hazarika Arts Assam
2001 Jayaraman, LalgudiLalgudi Jayaraman Arts Tamil Nadu
2001 Krishnamurthy, YaminiYamini Krishnamurthy Arts Delhi
2001 Kumar, Shiv K.Shiv K. Kumar Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
2001 Mohapatra, RaghunathRaghunath Mohapatra Arts Odisha
2001 Netravali, ArunArun Netravali Science & Engineering [A]
2001 Oberoi, Mohan SinghMohan Singh Oberoi Trade & Industry Delhi
2001 Pachauri, Rajendra K.Rajendra K. Pachauri Others Delhi
2001 Parekh, Abdul KarimAbdul Karim Parekh Social Work Maharashtra
2001 Patel, AmritaAmrita Patel Trade & Industry Gujarat
2001 Pran, Pran Arts Maharashtra
2001 Purie, AroonAroon Purie Literature & Education Delhi
2001 Raju, Bhupathiraju VissamBhupathiraju Vissam Raju Trade & Industry Andhra Pradesh
2001 Ramakrishna, BhanumathiBhanumathi Ramakrishna Arts Tamil Nadu
2001 Ramakrishnan, SundaramSundaram Ramakrishnan Social Work Maharashtra
2001 Ranawat, Chitranjan SinghChitranjan Singh Ranawat Medicine [A]
2001 Rao, Palle RamaPalle Rama Rao Science & Engineering Andhra Pradesh
2001 Reddy, RajRaj Reddy Science & Engineering [A]
2001 Sharma, Kum UmaKum Uma Sharma Arts Delhi
2001 Subramaniam, L.L. Subramaniam Arts Karnataka
2001 Trehan, Naresh KumarNaresh Kumar Trehan Medicine Delhi
2002 Ackerman, GaryGary Ackerman Public Affairs [A]
2002 Ahluwalia, H. P. S.H. P. S. Ahluwalia Social Work Delhi
2002 Atre, PrabhaPrabha Atre Arts Maharashtra
2002 Bhattacharyya, Sushantha KumarSushantha Kumar Bhattacharyya Public Affairs [B]
2002 Borde, ChanduChandu Borde Sports Maharashtra
2002 Chelyshev, EugeneEugene Chelyshev Literature & Education [C]
2002 Gandhi, Pravinchandra VarjivanPravinchandra Varjivan Gandhi Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2002 Gurtu, ShobhaShobha Gurtu Arts Maharashtra
2002 Holck-Larsen, HenningHenning Holck-Larsen Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2002 Hussain, ZakirZakir Hussain Arts Maharashtra
2002 Iyengar, B. K. S.B. K. S. Iyengar Literature & Education Maharashtra
2002 Kohli, Faquir ChandFaquir Chand Kohli Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2002 Kulandaiswamy, V. C.V. C. Kulandaiswamy Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
2002 Marchuk, GuryGury Marchuk Science & Engineering [C]
2002 Mehta, Jagat SinghJagat Singh Mehta Civil Service Rajasthan
2002 Merchant, IsmailIsmail Merchant Arts Maharashtra
2002 Miranda, MarioMario Miranda Literature & Education Goa
2002 Pallone, FrankFrank Pallone Public Affairs [A]
2002 Perumal, Ramanujam VaratharajaRamanujam Varatharaja Perumal Science & Engineering Kerala
2002 Rangabashyam, NatesanNatesan Rangabashyam Medicine Tamil Nadu
2002 Rasgotra, Maharaja KrishnaMaharaja Krishna Rasgotra Civil Service Delhi
2002 Tanvir, HabibHabib Tanvir Arts Madhya Pradesh
2002 Venugopal, Kottayan KatankotKottayan Katankot Venugopal Public Affairs Delhi
2002 Verma, NirmalNirmal Verma Literature & Education Delhi
2002 Yesudas, K. J.K. J. Yesudas Arts Kerala
2003 Bai, TeejanTeejan Bai Arts Chhattisgarh
2003 Chakyar, Ammannur MadhavaAmmannur Madhava Chakyar Arts Kerala
2003 Chawla, PrabhuPrabhu Chawla Others Delhi
2003 Fischer, HerbertHerbert Fischer Public Affairs [D]
2003 Godrej, JamshydJamshyd Godrej Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2003 Gopalan, ColuthurColuthur Gopalan Medicine Delhi
2003 Iyengar, Parasaran KesavaParasaran Kesava Iyengar Public Affairs Delhi
2003 Iyer, B. RajamB. Rajam Iyer Arts Tamil Nadu
2003 Joshi, Shri KrishnaShri Krishna Joshi Science & Engineering Haryana
2003 Krishnan, Madurai NarayananMadurai Narayanan Krishnan Arts Tamil Nadu
2003 Kumar, RajinderRajinder Kumar Science & Engineering Karnataka
2003 Kumar, RameshRamesh Kumar Medicine Delhi
2003 Lal, PurshotamPurshotam Lal Medicine Uttar Pradesh
2003 Mahapatra, SitakantSitakant Mahapatra Literature & Education Odisha
2003 Minhas, Bagicha SinghBagicha Singh Minhas Science & Engineering Delhi
2003 Mukhopadhyay, SubhashSubhash Mukhopadhyay Literature & Education West Bengal
2003 Narayanaswamy, P. S.P. S. Narayanaswamy Arts Tamil Nadu
2003 Ramachandran, ArcotArcot Ramachandran Science & Engineering Karnataka
2003 Ramachandran, Trichur V.Trichur V. Ramachandran Arts Tamil Nadu
2003 Sancheti, Kantilal HastimalKantilal Hastimal Sancheti Medicine Maharashtra
2003 Sankaranarayanan, T. V.T. V. Sankaranarayanan Arts Tamil Nadu
2003 Shah, NaseeruddinNaseeruddin Shah Arts Maharashtra
2003 Shenoy, T. V. R.T. V. R. Shenoy Others Delhi
2003 Singh, JagjitJagjit Singh Arts Maharashtra
2003 Singh, Ram BadanRam Badan Singh Science & Engineering Delhi
2003 Singhania, Hari ShankarHari Shankar Singhania Trade & Industry Delhi
2003 Sivaraman, Umayalpuram K.Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman Arts Tamil Nadu
2003 Srinivasan, NarayananNarayanan Srinivasan Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
2003 Subrahmanyam, PadmaPadma Subrahmanyam Arts Tamil Nadu
2003 Sundari, SwapnaSwapna Sundari Arts Delhi
2003 Vijayan, O. V.O. V. Vijayan Literature & Education Kerala
2003 Yefremov, Herbert AlexandrovichHerbert Alexandrovich Yefremov Science & Engineering [C]
2004 Shinde, Nilesh RamakantNilesh Ramakant Shinde Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2004 Chatterjee, SoumitraSoumitra Chatterjee Arts West Bengal
2004 Dharmadhikari, Chandrashekhar ShankarChandrashekhar Shankar Dharmadhikari Public Affairs Maharashtra
2004 Gulzar, Gulzar Arts Maharashtra
2004 Johl, Sardara SinghSardara Singh Johl Science & Engineering Punjab
2004 Kamath, Madhav VittalMadhav Vittal Kamath Literature & Education Maharashtra
2004 Kothari, KomalKomal Kothari Arts Rajasthan
2004 Mori, YoshiroYoshiro Mori Public Affairs [E]
2004 Narang, Gopi ChandGopi Chand Narang Literature & Education Delhi
2004 Padmanaban, GovindarajanGovindarajan Padmanaban Science & Engineering Karnataka
2004 Pakvasa, Poornima ArvindPoornima Arvind Pakvasa Social Work Gujarat
2004 Prabhakar, VishnuVishnu Prabhakar Literature & Education Delhi
2004 Rajam, N.N. Rajam Arts Uttar Pradesh
2004 Rao, Chennamaneni HanumanthaChennamaneni Hanumantha Rao Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
2004 Sankar, Thiruvengadam LakshmanThiruvengadam Lakshman Sankar Civil Service Andhra Pradesh
2004 Seshagopalan, T. N.T. N. Seshagopalan Arts Tamil Nadu
2004 Shahi, Bijoy NandanBijoy Nandan Shahi Medicine Delhi
2004 Srinivas, KrishnaKrishna Srinivas Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
2004 Valli, AlarmelAlarmel Valli Arts Tamil Nadu
2005 Anjum, SardarSardar Anjum Literature & Education Haryana
2005 Beteille, AndreAndre Beteille Literature & Education Delhi
2005 Bhatt, Chandi PrasadChandi Prasad Bhatt Others Uttarakhand
2005 Chandran, Tumkur Ramaiya SatishTumkur Ramaiya Satish Chandran Civil Service Karnataka
2005 Chaudhuri, Mrinal DattaMrinal Datta Chaudhuri Literature & Education Delhi
2005 Chopra, YashYash Chopra Arts Maharashtra
2005 Dey, MannaManna Dey Arts Karnataka
2005 Habib, IrfanIrfan Habib Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
2005 Hamied, YusufYusuf Hamied Medicine Maharashtra
2005 Hyder, QurratulainQurratulain Hyder Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
2005 Kler, Tarlochan SinghTarlochan Singh Kler Medicine Delhi
2005 Kohli, AnilAnil Kohli Medicine Delhi
2005 Mazumdar-Shaw, KiranKiran Mazumdar-Shaw Science & Engineering Karnataka
2005 Miri, MrinalMrinal Miri Literature & Education Meghalaya
2005 Mohan, HariHari Mohan Medicine Delhi
2005 Munjal, Brijmohan LallBrijmohan Lall Munjal Trade & Industry Delhi
2005 Nair, M. T. VasudevanM. T. Vasudevan Nair Literature & Education Kerala
2005 Premji, AzimAzim Premji Trade & Industry Karnataka
2005 Puri, BalrajBalraj Puri Literature & Education Jammu & Kashmir
2005 Qasim, Syed MirSyed Mir Qasim[iii]# Public Affairs Delhi
2005 Ramachandran, A.A. Ramachandran Arts Delhi
2005 Ramakrishna, G. V. IyerG. V. Iyer Ramakrishna Civil Service Tamil Nadu
2005 Ramamurthy, V. S.V. S. Ramamurthy Science & Engineering Delhi
2005 Reddy, K. I. VaraprasadK. I. Varaprasad Reddy Science & Engineering Andhra Pradesh
2005 Reddy, K. SrinathK. Srinath Reddy Medicine Delhi
2005 Saxena, Girish ChandraGirish Chandra Saxena Civil Service Delhi
2005 Seshagiri, NarasimhiahNarasimhiah Seshagiri Science & Engineering Karnataka
2005 Tully, William MarkWilliam Mark Tully Literature & Education Delhi
2006 Agarwal, JaiveerJaiveer Agarwal Medicine Tamil Nadu
2006 Appu, P. S.P. S. Appu Civil Service Karnataka
2006 Bhushan, ShashiShashi Bhushan Public Affairs Delhi
2006 Birla, Ganga PrasadGanga Prasad Birla Social Work West Bengal
2006 Bongard-Levin, GrigoryGrigory Bongard-Levin Literature & Education [C]
2006 Chandra, LokeshLokesh Chandra Literature & Education Delhi
2006 Chiranjeevi, Chiranjeevi Arts Andhra Pradesh
2006 Dalmia, Dinesh NandiniDinesh Nandini Dalmia Literature & Education Delhi
2006 Das, TarunTarun Das Trade & Industry Haryana
2006 Gadgil, MadhavMadhav Gadgil Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2006 Hangal, A. K.A. K. Hangal Arts Maharashtra
2006 Jain, DevakiDevaki Jain Social Work Karnataka
2006 Kamleshwar, Kamleshwar Literature & Education Haryana
2006 Khan, Abdul Halim JafferAbdul Halim Jaffer Khan Arts Maharashtra
2006 Khan, SabriSabri Khan Arts Delhi
2006 Khan, Ustad Ghulam MustafaUstad Ghulam Mustafa Khan Arts Maharashtra
2006 Khurana, ShannoShanno Khurana Arts Delhi
2006 Kruger, GunterGunter Kruger[iv]# Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2006 Leela, P.P. Leela[v]# Arts Tamil Nadu
2006 Nambiar, K. P. P.K. P. P. Nambiar Science & Engineering Karnataka
2006 Nilekani, NandanNandan Nilekani Science & Engineering Karnataka
2006 Paranjpye, SaiSai Paranjpye Arts Maharashtra
2006 Parekh, DeepakDeepak Parekh Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2006 Pylee, M. V.M. V. Pylee Literature & Education Kerala
2006 Ramadorai, SubramaniamSubramaniam Ramadorai Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2006 Ramaswamy, N. S.N. S. Ramaswamy Social Work Karnataka
2006 Rao, Pavani ParameswaraPavani Parameswara Rao Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
2006 Rath, RamakantaRamakanta Rath Literature & Education Odisha
2006 Shanta, V.V. Shanta Medicine Tamil Nadu
2006 Sibal, Hira LallHira Lall Sibal Public Affairs Chandigarh
2006 Singh, Billy ArjanBilly Arjan Singh Others Uttar Pradesh
2006 Singh, JasjitJasjit Singh Others Haryana
2006 Singhania, VijaypatVijaypat Singhania Sports Maharashtra
2006 Subramanyan, K. G.K. G. Subramanyan Arts Gujarat
2006 Talwar, K. K.K. K. Talwar Medicine Chandigarh
2006 Vyas, Vijay ShankarVijay Shankar Vyas Literature & Education Rajasthan
2006 Zbavitel, DušanDušan Zbavitel Literature & Education [F]
2007 Akhtar, JavedJaved Akhtar Literature & Education Maharashtra
2007 Chiramel, GabrielGabriel Chiramel Literature & Education Kerala
2007 Gandhi, ElaEla Gandhi Public Affairs [G]
2007 Ghose, SarojSaroj Ghose Science & Engineering West Bengal
2007 Giri, V. MohiniV. Mohini Giri Social Work Delhi
2007 Hore, SomnathSomnath Hore[vi]# Arts West Bengal
2007 Irani, Jamshed JijiJamshed Jiji Irani Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2007 Kalkat, Gurcharan SinghGurcharan Singh Kalkat Science & Engineering Chandigarh
2007 Mahalingam, N.N. Mahalingam Trade & Industry Tamil Nadu
2007 Maini, Prithipal SinghPrithipal Singh Maini Medicine Delhi
2007 Mehta, TyebTyeb Mehta Arts Maharashtra
2007 Misra, RajanRajan Misra Arts Delhi
2007 Misra, SajanSajan Misra Arts Delhi
2007 Mittal, SunilSunil Mittal Trade & Industry Delhi
2007 Nair, RamankuttyRamankutty Nair Arts Kerala
2007 Neeraj, GopaldasGopaldas Neeraj Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
2007 Nooyi, IndraIndra Nooyi Trade & Industry [A]
2007 Panicker, Kavalam NarayanaKavalam Narayana Panicker Arts Kerala
2007 Parekh, BhikhuBhikhu Parekh Literature & Education [B]
2007 Quadri, Syed Mohammad SharfuddinSyed Mohammad Sharfuddin Quadri Medicine West Bengal
2007 Ramachandran, Vilayanur S.Vilayanur S. Ramachandran Science & Engineering [A]
2007 Raychaudhuri, TapanTapan Raychaudhuri Literature & Education [B]
2007 Raza, Syed HaiderSyed Haider Raza Arts [H]
2007 Sachs, JeffreyJeffrey Sachs Literature & Education [A]
2007 Saikia, Chandra PrasadChandra Prasad Saikia[vii]# Literature & Education Assam
2007 Sailo, L. Z.L. Z. Sailo Literature & Education Mizoram
2007 Sarin, Shiv KumarShiv Kumar Sarin Medicine Delhi
2007 Sharma, ShriramShriram Sharma Medicine Maharashtra
2007 Sharma, ManjuManju Sharma Science & Engineering Delhi
2007 Srinivasan, T. N.T. N. Srinivasan Literature & Education [A]
2007 Suzuki, OsamuOsamu Suzuki Trade & Industry [E]
2007 Thomas, K. T.K. T. Thomas Public Affairs Kerala
2008 Ahmed, Mian BashirMian Bashir Ahmed Public Affairs Jammu & Kashmir
2008 Basu, KaushikKaushik Basu Literature & Education [A]
2008 Chona, ShayamaShayama Chona Literature & Education Delhi
2008 Chopra, Jagjit SinghJagjit Singh Chopra Medicine Chandigarh
2008 Dagar, Rahim FahimuddinRahim Fahimuddin Dagar Arts Delhi
2008 Dasgupta, ChandrashekharChandrashekhar Dasgupta Civil Service Delhi
2008 Datta, AsisAsis Datta Science & Engineering Delhi
2008 Desai, MeghnadMeghnad Desai Public Affairs [B]
2008 Desai, PadmaPadma Desai Literature & Education [A]
2008 Dev, SukhSukh Dev Science & Engineering Delhi
2008 Ganguly, Nirmal KumarNirmal Kumar Ganguly Medicine Delhi
2008 Goswamy, B. N.B. N. Goswamy Literature & Education Chandigarh
2008 Gowarikar, VasantVasant Gowarikar Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2008 Kalyani, BabaBaba Kalyani Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2008 Kamath, K. V.K. V. Kamath Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2008 Kaur Barthakur, InderjitInderjit Kaur Barthakur Social Work Punjab
2008 Kelekar, RavindraRavindra Kelekar Literature & Education Goa
2008 Khan, Asad AliAsad Ali Khan Arts Delhi
2008 Lapierre, DominiqueDominique Lapierre Social Work [H]
2008 Mehta, D. R.D. R. Mehta Social Work Rajasthan
2008 Nadar, ShivShiv Nadar Trade & Industry Tamil Nadu
2008 Neotia, Suresh KumarSuresh Kumar Neotia Trade & Industry Delhi
2008 Oommen, T. K.T. K. Oommen Literature & Education Haryana
2008 Padmanabhaiah, K.K. Padmanabhaiah Civil Service Delhi
2008 Pandit, VikramVikram Pandit Trade & Industry [A]
2008 Ramachandran, V.V. Ramachandran Civil Service Kerala
2008 Saxena, Sushil KumarSushil Kumar Saxena Arts Delhi
2008 Sehgal, AmarnathAmarnath Sehgal[viii]# Arts Delhi
2008 Singh, JasdevJasdev Singh Others Delhi
2008 Sukla, Sri LalSri Lal Sukla Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
2008 Susheela, P.P. Susheela Arts Tamil Nadu
2008 Varadhan, S. R. SrinivasaS. R. Srinivasa Varadhan Literature & Education [A]
2008 Vorontsov, YuliYuli Vorontsov[ix]# Public Affairs [C]
2008 Williams, SunitaSunita Williams Others [A]
2008 Xianlin, JiJi Xianlin Literature & Education [I]
2009 Ahluwalia, Isher JudgeIsher Judge Ahluwalia Literature & Education Delhi
2009 Barthakur, Inderjit KaurInderjit Kaur Barthakur Public Affairs Meghalaya
2009 Begum, ShamshadShamshad Begum Arts Maharashtra
2009 Bindra, AbhinavAbhinav Bindra Sports Punjab
2009 Dhananjayan, ShantaShanta Dhananjayan Arts Tamil Nadu
2009 Dhananjayan, V. P.V. P. Dhananjayan Arts Tamil Nadu
2009 Guha, RamachandraRamachandra Guha Literature & Education Karnataka
2009 Gupta, ShekharShekhar Gupta Literature & Education Delhi
2009 Hameed, KhalidKhalid Hameed Medicine [B]
2009 Hara, MinoruMinoru Hara Literature & Education [E]
2009 Jayakanthan, Jayakanthan Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
2009 Kailath, ThomasThomas Kailath Science & Engineering [A]
2009 Katiyar, Sarvagya SinghSarvagya Singh Katiyar Science & Engineering Uttar Pradesh
2009 Krishna, G.G. Krishna Arts Andhra Pradesh
2009 Mehta, R. C.R. C. Mehta Arts Gujarat
2009 Menon, A. SreedharaA. Sreedhara Menon Literature & Education Kerala
2009 Misra, S. K.S. K. Misra Civil Service Haryana
2009 Naik, A. M.A. M. Naik Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2009 Nambiar, SatishSatish Nambiar Others Delhi
2009 Narayan, KunwarKunwar Narayan Literature & Education Delhi
2009 Naikwadi, NagnathNagnath Naikwadi Social Work Maharashtra
2009 Parikh, KiritKirit Parikh Public Affairs Delhi
2009 Pitroda, SamSam Pitroda Science & Engineering Delhi
2009 Prahalad, C. K.C. K. Prahalad Literature & Education [A]
2009 Randhawa, Gurdip SinghGurdip Singh Randhawa Science & Engineering Delhi
2009 Rao, Brijendra KumarBrijendra Kumar Rao Medicine Delhi
2009 Rath, Bhakta B.Bhakta B. Rath Science & Engineering [A]
2009 Seshadri, C. S.C. S. Seshadri Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
2009 Sthapati, V. GanapatiV. Ganapati Sthapati Arts Tamil Nadu
2009 Triguna, DevendraDevendra Triguna Medicine Delhi
2009 Varadappan, SarojiniSarojini Varadappan Social Work Tamil Nadu

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ The order of precedence is: Bharat Ratna, Param Vir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan.[5]
Non-citizen recipients
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Indicates a citizen of the United States
  2. ^ a b c d e Indicates a citizen of the United Kingdom
  3. ^ a b c d e Indicates a citizen of Russia
  4. ^ Indicates a citizen of Germany
  5. ^ a b c Indicates a citizen of Japan
  6. ^ Indicates a citizen of Czech Republic
  7. ^ Indicates a citizen of South Africa
  8. ^ a b Indicates a citizen of France
  9. ^ Indicates a citizen of China
Posthumous recipients
  1. ^ Karamshi Jethabhai Somaiya died on 9 May 1999, at the age of 96.[32]
  2. ^ S. Srinivasan died on 1 September 1999, at the age of 58.[33]
  3. ^ Syed Mir Qasim died on 14 December 2004, at the age of 83.[34]
  4. ^ Gunter Kruger died on 26 February 2005, at the age of 68.[35]
  5. ^ P. Leela died on 31 October 2005, at the age of 75.[36]
  6. ^ Somnath Hore died on 1 October 2006, at the age of 85.[37]
  7. ^ Chandra Prasad Saikia died on 9 August 2006, at the age of 80.[38]
  8. ^ Amarnath Sehgal died on 28 December 2007, at the age of 85.[39]
  9. ^ Yuli Vorontsov died on 12 December 2007, at the age of 78.[40]

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External links