The King of Iraq (Arabic: ملك العراق, Mālik al-‘Irāq) was Iraq's head of state and monarch from 1921 to 1958. He served as the head of the Iraqi monarchy—the House of Hashim. The King was addressed as His Majesty (صاحب الجلالة).


After World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the three provinces (vilayets) of Ottoman Iraq came under the control of the United Kingdom. Under British occupation, the people rebelled and Iraq showed itself a hard land to govern. In order to establish a pro-British client regime, a dynasty of Hashemite kings from Hejaz was established, beginning with Faisal I who was the son of Hussein bin Ali. As a family originating in the Hejaz, the House of Hashim was foreign to Iraq. The British Government appointed them as Iraq's royal family after a rigged plebiscite.[1] The Hashemites were largely opposed by the majority Iraqi Shi'is and Kurds. The Kingdom of Iraq existed until an Iraqi nationalist coup d'état in 1958 known as the 14 July Revolution established the Republic of Iraq.

King-designate of Iraq (1920)

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image
عبد الله الأول بن الحسين
February 1882 – 20 July 1951
(aged 69)
1920 1920 Designated by Cairo Conference. Never took throne Hashemite Abdullah I of Jordan

Kings of Iraq (1921–1958)

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image
Faisal I
  • فيصل الأول
(1883-05-20)20 May 1883 – 8 September 1933(1933-09-08) (aged 50) 23 August 1921 8 September 1933 Previously King of Syria for a short period in 1920. Brother of Abdullah Hashemite Faisal I of Iraq
Ghazi I
  • غازي الأول
(1912-03-21)21 March 1912 – 4 April 1939(1939-04-04) (aged 27) 8 September 1933 4 April 1939 Son of Faisal I Hashemite Ghazi I of Iraq
Faisal II
  • فيصل الثاني
(1935-05-02)2 May 1935 – 14 July 1958(1958-07-14) (aged 23) 4 April 1939 14 July 1958
Son of Ghazi I Hashemite Faisal II of Iraq


Faisal II of Iraq Ghazi of Iraq Faisal I of Iraq

Royal Standard

Royal Standard of the King

See also


  1. ^ Anderson, Terry H. (2011). Bush's Wars. Oxford University Press. p. 12. ISBN 9780199747528.