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This is a list of all forts in New France
New France
built by the French government or French Chartered companies
Chartered companies
in what later became Canada, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, and the United States. They range from large European-type citadels like at Quebec City
Quebec City
to tiny fur-trade posts.[3]

Contents

1 Canada 2 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 3 United States 4 See also 5 References

Canada[edit] The French forts in Canada
Canada
were located west from Alberta to the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and as far north as James Bay. Built between the 1640s and the 1750s, a few were captured from rival British fur trading companies like Hudson's Bay Company. The forts were located on waterways to provide transport of fur back east to Montreal
Montreal
or Quebec City. A few have survived or been re-built, but most are ruins or simply disappeared after abandonment.

Name[4][5] Date constructed ca. Location Province Image

Fort Anne 1636 Annapolis Royal  Nova Scotia

Fort Bas de la Rivière 1750 Fort Alexander  Manitoba

Fort Boishébert 1749 Grand Bay  New Brunswick

Fort Beauséjour 1751 Aulac

Fort Bourbon (West) 1741 Grand Rapids  Manitoba

Fort Bourbon (North) 1697 York Factory

Fort Charlesbourg Royal 1541–1543 Cap-Rouge  Quebec

Fort Chambly 1665 Chambly

Citadelle of Quebec 1693 Quebec
Quebec
City

Citadelle of Montreal 1690–1821 Montreal

Fort Dauphin 1741 Winnipegosis  Manitoba

Fort de la Corne 1753 Fort à la Corne Provincial Forest  Saskatchewan

Fort de la Montagne 1685 Montreal  Quebec

Fort Dumoine 1730 Pontiac Regional County Municipality

Fort du Moulin 1749 Trois-Rivières

Fort du Sault Saint-Louis 1725 Kahnawake

Fort Frontenac 1673 Kingston  Ontario

Fort Gaspareaux 1751 Port Elgin  New Brunswick

Fort Kaministiquia 1717 Thunder Bay  Ontario

Fort Lachine 1669–1695 Lachine  Quebec

Fort Laprairie 1687 Laprairie

Fort La Reine 1738 Portage la Prairie  Manitoba

Fort Le Jonquiere 1751 Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
River Forks (near Prince Albert)  Saskatchewan

Fortress of Louisbourg 1719 Louisbourg  Nova Scotia

Fort Maurepas 1733 Selkirk  Manitoba

Fort Menagoueche 1751 Saint John  New Brunswick

Fort Paskoya 1741 The Pas (on Cedar Lake)  Manitoba

Fort Plaisance 1662 Placentia  Newfoundland and Labrador

Fort Pointe-aux-Trembles 1670 Pointe-aux-Trembles  Quebec

Fort Richelieu 1641 near Sorel-Tracy

Fort Rouge 1738 Winnipeg  Manitoba

Fort Rouillé
Fort Rouillé
/ Fort Toronto 1750 Toronto  Ontario

Fort Royal (Newfoundland) 1687 Placentia  Newfoundland and Labrador

Fort Sainte Anne (Hudson Bay) 1670 (1686) Fort Albany  Ontario

Fort Sainte Anne 1629–1641 Englishtown  Nova Scotia

Fort Saint-François 1660 Trois-Rivières  Quebec

Fort Saint Jacques 1686–1693 and 1697–1713 Waskaganish, Quebec
Quebec
(Fort Rupert)

Fort Saint-Jean 1746 Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu

Fort Saint Louis 1690–1713 Placentia  Newfoundland and Labrador

Fort St. Louis 1620–1834 Quebec  Quebec

Fort St. Louis 1623–1930 Cape Sable Island  Nova Scotia

Fort St. Louis 1670s (1686) Moose Factory  Ontario

Fort St. Pierre 1731 Fort Frances (near mouth of the Rainy River meets with Rainy Lake)

Fort Sainte Thérèse 1665 Carignan  Quebec

Fort Senneville 1671 Montreal

Fort Témiscamingue 1679 Ville Marie

Fort Ville-Marie 1642–1688 Montreal

Port-la-Joye 1720 Charlottetown  Prince Edward Island

Saint Pierre and Miquelon[edit]

Name Date constructed ca. Location Communes of France Image

Pointe aux Cannon Battery[6] 1690 Saint Pierre Island Saint-Pierre

United States[edit] The French forts built in what is now the United States, were part of a series of forts built from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi
Mississippi
delta; as far west as the Dakotas, and as far east as Maine.

Name[4][5] Date constructed ca. Location State Image

Fort des Alibamons 1717 Wetumpka  Alabama

Fort Assumption 1739 Memphis  Tennessee

Fort Beauharnois 1727 Goodhue County  Minnesota

Fort de Buade 1683 St. Ignace  Michigan

Fort Carillon 1754–57 Ticonderoga  New York

Fort Caroline 1564 Jacksonville  Florida

Fort de Cavagnal 1744 Missouri River
Missouri River
between Kansas
Kansas
City and Fort Leavenworth  Kansas

Fort Charles 1562 Beaufort  South Carolina

Fort de Chartres 1720 Randolph County  Illinois

Fort Condé 1723 Mobile  Alabama

Fort Conti 1679 Youngstown  New York

Fort Crèvecoeur 1680 Creve Coeur  Illinois

Fort Denonville 1687 Youngstown  New York

Fort Ponchartrain du Détroit 1701 Detroit  Michigan

Fort Duquesne 1754 Pittsburgh  Pennsylvania

Fort Kaskaskia 1759 Kaskaskia  Illinois

Fort de La Présentation 1671 Ogdensburg  New York

Fort Le Boeuf 1753 Waterford  Pennsylvania

Fort Lévis 1759 Ogdensburg  New York

Fort Louis de la Louisiane 1702 Le Moyne  Alabama

Fort Machault 1754 Franklin  Pennsylvania

Fort Massac 1757 Massac County  Illinois

Fort Maurepas 1699 Ocean Springs  Mississippi

Fort Miami (Indiana) 1715 Fort Wayne  Indiana

Fort Miami (Michigan) 1679 St. Joseph  Michigan

Fort Michilimackinac 1715 Mackinaw City

Fort des Natchitoches 1714 Natchitoches  Louisiana

Fort Niagara 1678 Youngstown  New York

Fort Orleans 1723 Brunswick  Missouri

Fort Ouiatenon 1717 West Lafayette  Indiana

Fort Pentagouet 1638 Castine  Maine

Fort Pimiteoui 1691 Peoria  Illinois

Fort Presque Isle 1753 Erie  Pennsylvania

Fort Prudhomme 1682 Memphis  Tennessee

Fort Rosalie 1716 Natchez  Mississippi

Fort Ste. Anne 1666 Isle La Motte  Vermont

Fort St. Charles 1732 Lake of the Woods County  Minnesota

Fort St. Frédéric 1729–1757 Crown Point  New York

Fort St. Joseph 1691 Niles  Michigan

Fort Saint Louis 1685 Inez  Texas

Fort St. Louis-Le Rocher 1682 North Utica  Illinois

Fort Sandoské 1745 Sandusky Bay  Ohio

Fort de Tombecbé 1735–37 Epes  Alabama

Fort Toulouse 1717 Wetumpka

Fort Vincennes 1731–32 Vincennes  Indiana

See also[edit]

New France
New France
portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to French forts in North America.

Military of New France List of Hudson's Bay Company
Hudson's Bay Company
trading posts List of North American cities by year of foundation

Canada
Canada
related

Canadian Forces base Former colonies and territories in Canada List of Royal Canadian Air Force stations List of Royal Canadian Navy stations

United States
United States
related

List of United States
United States
Army installations List of United States
United States
Army airfields List of United States
United States
military bases List of United States
United States
Navy installations List of United States
United States
Marine Corps installations List of United States
United States
Air Force installations

References[edit]

^ a b Québec Citadel. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 16 September 2011. ^ "Historic District of Old Québec". World Heritage Convention. UNESCO. Retrieved 16 September 2011.  ^ Rene Chartrand (2013). French Fortresses in North America 1535–1763: Quebec, Montreal, Louisbourg and New Orleans. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4728-0317-7.  ^ a b Rene Chartrand (2013). The Forts of New France
New France
in Northeast America 1600–1763. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4728-0318-4.  ^ a b René Chartrand (2010). The Forts of New France: The Great Lakes, the Plains and the Gulf Coast, 1600-1763. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84603-504-3.  ^ "Landmarks and monuments Saint-Pierre and Miquelon". Archived from the original on 2010-07-25. Retrieved 2010-07-08. 

v t e

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(1534–1763)

Subdivisions

Acadia
Acadia
(1604–1713) Canada
Canada
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(1682–1762, 1802–1803) Illinois
Illinois
Country Ohio
Ohio
Country Newfoundland (1662–1713) Île Royale (1713–1763)

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Acadia
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Île Royale

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Louisiana

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Newfoundland

Plaisance

List of towns

Forts

Fort Rouillé Fort Michilimackinac Fort de Buade Fort de Chartres Fort Detroit Fort Carillon Fort Condé Fort Duquesne Fortress of Louisbourg Castle Hill Fort St. Louis (Illinois) Fort St. Louis (Texas) List of Forts

Government

Canada

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Louisiana

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Law

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Economy

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Mississippi
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Society

Population

1666 census

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Religion

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Related

French colonization of the Americas French colonial empire History of Quebec History of the Acadians History of the French-Americans French West Indies Carib Expulsion Atlantic slave trade

Category Portal Commons

v t e

Former colonies and territories in Canada

Norse

Named Territories Vinland

Markland Helluland

Sites L'Anse aux Meadows Point Rosee

French

Claims New France

Acadia Isle St-Jean Île Royale Canada Domaine du roy Louisiana Pays d'en Haut Terre Neuve

Important sites Port Royal Quebec Trois-Rivières Montreal Louisbourg Plaisance List of towns List of Forts

Spanish

Claims New Spain Important sites Fort San Miguel, Nootka Sound Expeditions Newfoundland Pacific Northwest

Scottish

Claims Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
(1621) Sites Port Royal Colony

Russian

Claims Russian America

American

Claims Oregon Country

English & British

Claims Newfoundland (1583) New Albion
New Albion
(?) Rupert's Land Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
(1710) Quebec Lower and Upper Canada New Brunswick Prince Edward Island Cape Breton United Canada New Caledonia Columbia District Queen Charlotte Islands Vancouver Island British Columbia (1858–66) British Columbia (1866–71) Stickeen North-Western Territory
North-Western Territory
(districts) Red River Important sites Cuper's Cove Avalon (1620) York Factory Halifax Victoria Fort Langley List of HBC sites

Norwegian

Claims Sverdrup Islands

Related

Territorial evolution after 1867 Areas disputed by Canada
Canada
and the United States Proposed provinces and territories of Canada Population of Canada

Category P

.