List of Danish monarchs
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This is a list of Danish monarchs, that is, the kings and queens regnant of Denmark. This includes: * The Kingdom of Denmark (up to 1397) **
Personal union A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New College DictionarMonarch Houghton Mifflin. Boston. 2001. p. 707. Life tenure, for life or until abdication ...

Personal union
of Denmark and Norway (1380–1397) * The
Kalmar Union The Kalmar Union (Danish language, Danish, Norwegian language, Norwegian, and sv, Kalmarunionen; fi, Kalmarin unioni; la, Unio Calmariensis) was a personal union in Scandinavia, agreed at Kalmar in Sweden, that from 1397 to 1523 joined under ...
(1397–1536) ** Union of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (1397–1523) ** Union of Denmark and Norway (1523–1536/1537) * The United Kingdoms of
Denmark–Norway Denmark–Norway (Danish language, Danish and Norwegian language, Norwegian: ) was an early modern multi-national and multi-lingual real unionFeldbæk 1998:11 consisting of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Norway (including the then Norweg ...
(1536/1537–1814) * The Kingdom of Denmark (1814–present) **
Iceland Iceland ( is, Ísland; ) is a Nordic countries, Nordic island country in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic Ocean and in the Arctic Ocean. Iceland is the most list of countries and dependencies by population density, sparsely populated coun ...

Iceland
(since the union between
Denmark ) , song = ( en, "King Christian stood by the lofty mast") , song_type = National and royal anthem , image_map = EU-Denmark.svg , map_caption = , subdivision_type = Sovereign state , subdivision_name = Danish Realm, Kingdom of Denmark ...

Denmark
and
Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic countries, Nordic country in Northern Europe, the mainland territory of which comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The remote Arctic island of ...

Norway
in 1380; independent kingdom in a personal union with Denmark 1918–1944; a sovereign republic since 1944) **
Greenland Greenland ( kl, Kalaallit Nunaat, ; da, Grønland, ) is an island country in North America that is part of the Danish Realm, Kingdom of Denmark. It is located between the Arctic Ocean, Arctic and Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic oceans, east of the ...

Greenland
(since the union between
Denmark ) , song = ( en, "King Christian stood by the lofty mast") , song_type = National and royal anthem , image_map = EU-Denmark.svg , map_caption = , subdivision_type = Sovereign state , subdivision_name = Danish Realm, Kingdom of Denmark ...

Denmark
and
Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic countries, Nordic country in Northern Europe, the mainland territory of which comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The remote Arctic island of ...

Norway
in 1380; effective Danish–Norwegian control began in 1721; integrated into the Danish realm in 1953; internal home rule introduced 1979; self-determination assumed in 2009; Greenland has two out of 179 seats in the Danish parliament
Folketinget The Folketing ( da, Folketinget, ; ), also known as the Parliament of Denmark or the Danish Parliament in English, is the unicameral List of legislatures by country, national legislature (parliament) of the Danish Realm, Kingdom of Denmark—De ...
) **
Faroe Islands The Faroe Islands ( ), or simply the Faroes ( fo, Føroyar ; da, Færøerne ), are a North Atlantic archipelago, island group and an autonomous territory of the Danish Realm, Kingdom of Denmark. They are located north-northwest of Scotlan ...

Faroe Islands
(since the union between
Denmark ) , song = ( en, "King Christian stood by the lofty mast") , song_type = National and royal anthem , image_map = EU-Denmark.svg , map_caption = , subdivision_type = Sovereign state , subdivision_name = Danish Realm, Kingdom of Denmark ...

Denmark
and
Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic countries, Nordic country in Northern Europe, the mainland territory of which comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The remote Arctic island of ...

Norway
in 1380; County of Denmark 1816–1948; internal home rule introduced 1948; The Faroe Islands have two out of 179 seats in the Danish parliament
Folketinget The Folketing ( da, Folketinget, ; ), also known as the Parliament of Denmark or the Danish Parliament in English, is the unicameral List of legislatures by country, national legislature (parliament) of the Danish Realm, Kingdom of Denmark—De ...
) The
House of Oldenburg The House of Oldenburg is a Germans, German dynasty with links to Denmark since the 15th century. It has branches that rule or have ruled in Denmark, Iceland, Greece, Norway, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Duchy of Schleswig, Schleswig, Duchy ...
held the Danish Crown between 1448 and 1863, when it passed to the house of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, a cadet branch of the same house, patrilineally descended from King
Christian III of Denmark
Christian III of Denmark
. The kingdom had been elective (although the eldest son or brother of the previous king was usually elected) until 1660, when it became hereditary and absolutist. Until 1864 Denmark was also united in a personal union with the duchies of
Holstein Holstein (; nds, label=Northern Low Saxon, Holsteen; da, Holsten; Latin and historical en, Holsatia, italic=yes) is the region between the rivers Elbe and Eider (river), Eider. It is the southern half of Schleswig-Holstein, the northernmost S ...
and
Saxe-Lauenburg The Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg (german: Herzogtum Sachsen-Lauenburg, called ''Niedersachsen'' (Lower Saxony) between the 14th and 17th centuries), was a ''reichsfrei'' duchy that existed from 1296–1803 and again from 1814–1876 in the extreme sou ...
(1814–1864), and in a political and personal union with the Duchy of
Schleswig The Duchy of Schleswig ( da, Hertugdømmet Slesvig; german: Herzogtum Schleswig; nds, Hartogdom Sleswig; frr, Härtochduum Slaswik) was a duchy in Southern Jutland () covering the area between about 60 km (35 miles) north and 70 km ( ...
.


Pre-'' House of Knýtlinga'' Danish monarchs

The exact date of origin of the Kingdom of Denmark is not established, but names of Danish kings begins to emerge in foreign sources from the 8th century and onwards. Danish and Nordic legendary stories,
chronicle A chronicle ( la, chronica, from Greek language, Greek ''chroniká'', from , ''chrónos'' – "time") is a historical account of events arranged in chronology, chronological order, as in a timeline. Typically, equal weight is given for historic ...

chronicle
s and
saga is a series of science fantasy role-playing video games by Square Enix. The series originated on the Game Boy in 1989 as the creation of Akitoshi Kawazu at Square (video game company), Square. It has since continued across multiple platforms, f ...

saga
s often have accounts of Danish kings and dynasties stretching further back in time than the 7th century, but the
historicity Historicity is the historical actuality of persons and events, meaning the quality of being part of history instead of being a historical myth, legend, or fiction. The historicity of a claim about the past is its factual status. Historicity denot ...
of the content and interpretations of these stories are often put to doubt. * Chochilaicus—see
Hugleik Hugleik or Ochilaik (a namesake of Hygelac) was a Sweden, Swedish king of the House of Yngling, according to the ''Ynglinga saga''. He was the son of Yngvi and Alf, Alf and Yngvi and Alf, Bera. Some commentators assimilate Hugleik with his namesake ...
and
Hygelac Hygelac ( ang, Hygelāc; non, Hugleikr; gem-x-proto, Hugilaikaz; la, Ch(l)ochilaicus or ''Hugilaicus''; died 521) was a king of the Geats according to the poem ''Beowulf''. It is Hygelac's presence in the poem which has allowed scholars to ...
— 515 AD, mentioned by
Gregory of Tours Gregory of Tours (30 November 538 – 17 November 594 AD) was a Gallo-Roman History, historian and Bishops of Tours, Bishop of Tours, which made him a leading prelate of the area that had been previously referred to as Gaul by the Romans. He ...
(538–594). Hugleik, according to the written sources, suffered a defeat in 515 during a naval expedition to the Frankish Empire. Hugleik is the first Danish king mentioned in European sources. *
Ongendus Ongendus (perhaps Angantyr in Danish language, Danish) was a king of the Denmark, Danes, reigning c. 710, the first List of Danish monarchs#Pre House of Knýtlinga Danish monarchs, Danish king known from contemporary literature. Historical ba ...
(''Angantyr''):
Saint Willibrord Willibrord (; 658 – 7 November AD 739) was an Anglo-Saxons, Anglo-Saxon missionary and saint, known as the "Apostle to the Frisians" in the modern Netherlands. He became the first Diocese of Utrecht (695–1580), bishop of Utrecht and died at ...
wrote about when he visited the Danes, at the time ruled by Ongendus. *Harald, named as former king in relating 9th-century events, perhaps model for legendary
Harald Wartooth Harald Wartooth or ''Harold Hiltertooth'' (Old Norse: Haraldr hilditǫnn; Swedish language, Modern Swedish and Danish language, Danish: Harald Hildetand; Norwegian language, Modern Norwegian: ''Harald Hildetann''; flourished 8th century) was a Ger ...
. Related to the Frisian king Redbad II who in 754 had to flee to "the land of the Danes" where King Harald reigned (''"Daniae Regi Heraldi"''). * Sigfred: 770s–790s * Gudfred: 804–810, mentioned as Danish king in the Treaty of Heiligen 811. Alternate spellings: Godfred, Göttrick (German), Godric(Anglicized English), Gøtrik (Danish), Gudrød (Danish) * Hemming: 810–811/812 The Treaty of Heiligen was signed in 811 between the Danish King Hemming and
Charlemagne Charlemagne ( , ) or Charles the Great ( la, Carolus Magnus; german: Karl der Große; 2 April 747 – 28 January 814), a member of the Carolingian dynasty, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and the first Holy ...

Charlemagne
. * Sigfred, nephew of Gudfred, and Anulo (''Anlaufr''), grandson or nephew of Harald, fought for the throne and both were killed, perhaps model for the legendary
Sigurd Hring Sigurd Ring (Old Norse language, Old Norse: ''Sigurðr Hringr'', in some sources merely called ''Hringr'') according to Germanic heroic legend, legend was a king of the Swedes (Germanic tribe), Swedes, being mentioned in many old Scandinavian sag ...
: *
Harald Klak Harald 'Klak' Halfdansson (c. 785 – c. 852) was a king in Jutland Jutland ( da, Jylland ; german: Jütland ; ang, Ēota land ), known anciently as the Cimbric or Cimbrian Peninsula ( la, Cimbricus Chersonesus; da, den Kimbriske Halvø, link ...
and his brothers Ragnfrid and Hemming Halfdansson: 812–813 and again from 819/827. From 826 he and his household lived in exile with the Frankish emperor
Louis the Pious Louis the Pious (german: Ludwig der Fromme; french: Louis le Pieux; 16 April 778 – 20 June 840), also called the Fair, and the Debonaire, was King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor, co-emperor with his father, Charlemagne, from 813. He was ...

Louis the Pious
, he was baptized by the bishop of Mainz in
Ingelheim Ingelheim (), officially Ingelheim am Rhein ( en, Ingelheim upon Rhine), is a town in the Mainz-Bingen Districts of Germany, district in the Rhineland-Palatinate state of Germany. The town sprawls along the Rhine's west bank. It has been Mainz-B ...
am Rhein. The last reference of Harald in the written sources are in the Annals of Fulda which records his execution for treason in 852. *Sons of Gudfred(Godrik): 814–820s ** Horik I: (814) 827–854, King of the Danes (at first ruling jointly with his unnamed brothers). The Frankish annals mention Horik on numerous occasions during the next couple of decades. * Horik II: 854–860s. He is believed to have been the immediate successor of Horik I, but the annals are silent about the name of the Danish king for a few years after the disaster of 854. In 857, Horik II allowed Rorik to occupy the part of the kingdom between the sea and the . Horik II was still alive in 864, when a letter was addressed to him by
Pope Nicholas I Pope Nicholas I ( la, Nicolaus I; c. 800 – 13 November 867), called Nicholas the Great, was the bishop of Rome and ruler of the Papal States from 24 April 858 until his death. He is remembered as a consolidator of papal authority, exerting dec ...

Pope Nicholas I
. *Late 9th century kings ** Bagsecg: **
Halfdan Halfdan (, ang, Healfdene, Medieval Latin, Medieval : "half Danes, Dane") was a late 5th and early 6th century legendary Danish king of the Scylding (Skjöldung) lineage, the son of king named Fróði in many accounts, noted mainly as the father ...
: 871–877 ** Sigfred: . It is generally assumed that he was the immediate successor of Horik II, although that is not certain. His year of succession is unknown, but it was between 864 (when Horik II was still king) and his first appearance as king in the Frankish annals in 873. Sigifrid was baptized in 882. ** Gudfred: 880s ** Heiligo (''Halga''): 890s (?), described by
Adam of Bremen Adam of Bremen ( la, Adamus Bremensis; german: Adam von Bremen) (before 1050 – 12 October 1081/1085) was a German medieval chronicler. He lived and worked in the second half of the eleventh century. Adam is most famous for his chronicle ''Gesta ...
as the immediate predecessor of the House of Olof. *The " House of Olaf": late 9th century and early 10th century. This dynasty is described by Adam of Bremen, and members of this claimed dynasty are commemorated by the two Sigtrygg Runestones, which represent contemporary evidence that some of these kings controlled at least part of Denmark. ** Olof, said by Adam to have come from Sweden and defeated Heiligo, taking the crown. ** Gyrd and Gnupa, sons and joint successors of Olof, according to Adam. Gnupa is named by Widukind of Corvey as leader of the Danes in 934, and appears on the Sigtrygg Runestones. ** Sigtrygg, son of Gnupa, memorialized on the Sigtrygg Runestones, presumably dating from shortly after 934.


Semi-legendary kings

*
Ragnar Lodbrok according to legends, was a Viking hero and a Legendary kings of Denmark, Danish and Legendary Kings of Sweden, Swedish king.Sigurd Snake-in-the-Eye (da: Sigurd Orm-i-øje or Snogeøje). Mentioned by late Chronicon Roskildense and Ragnarssona þáttr. Said to be king of
Zealand Zealand ( da, Sjælland ) at 7,031 km2 is the largest and most populous islands of Denmark, island in Denmark proper (thus excluding Greenland and Disko Island, which are larger in size). Zealand had a population of 2,319,705 on 1 January ...
and
Scania Scania, also known by its native name of Skåne (, ), is the southernmost of the historical provinces of Sweden, provinces (''landskap'') of Sweden. Located in the south tip of the geographical region of Götaland, the province is roughly conte ...

Scania
, and son of
Ragnar Lodbrok according to legends, was a Viking hero and a Legendary kings of Denmark, Danish and Legendary Kings of Sweden, Swedish king.Harthacnut Harthacnut ( da, Hardeknud; "Tough-knot";  – 8 June 1042), traditionally Hardicanute, sometimes referred to as Canute III, was King of Denmark The monarchy of Denmark is a constitutional political system, institution and a his ...
(''Hardeknud''). According to the sagas he is son of Sigurd Snake-in-the-Eye, but some historians identify him with Adam's Hardegon, Svein's son, who invaded Denmark from ''Northmannia'' and supplanted the House of Olof. He may have ruled only part of Denmark, as Adam places the commencement of his long reign between 909 and 915, while the House of Olof was still ruling at least part of Denmark as late as 934. He was father of Gorm the Old.


List of monarchs of Denmark


House of Gorm (c. 936–1042)


House of Fairhair (1042–1047)


House of Estridsen The House of Estridsen was a dynasty that provided the List of Danish monarchs, kings of Denmark from 1047 to 1412. The dynasty is named after its ancestor Estrid Svendsdatter. The dynasty is sometimes called the ''Ulfinger'', after Estrid's hu ...
(1047–1375)


House of Bjelbo (1376–1387)


House of Estridsen (1387–1412)


House of Pomerania The House of Griffin or Griffin dynasty (german: Greifen; pl, Gryfici, da, Grif) was a dynasty A dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family,''Oxford English Dictionary'', "dynasty, ''n''." Oxford University Press (Oxford) ...
(1396–1439)


House of Palatinate-Neumarkt A house is a single-unit residential building A building, or edifice, is an enclosed structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory (although there's also portable buildings). Bui ...
(1440–1448)


House of Oldenburg The House of Oldenburg is a Germans, German dynasty with links to Denmark since the 15th century. It has branches that rule or have ruled in Denmark, Iceland, Greece, Norway, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Duchy of Schleswig, Schleswig, Duchy ...
(1448–1863)

, - ,
1 September 1448

21 May 1481
''()'' , , , February 1426
Oldenburgeldest son of Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg and Helvig of Schauenburg ,
Dorothea of Brandenburg Dorothea of Brandenburg (1430/1431 – 10 November 1495) was a House of Hohenzollern, Hohenzollern princess who became a Scandinavian queen by marriage under the Kalmar Union. She was List of Danish royal consorts, Queen of Denmark, List of Norwe ...

28 October 1449
Church of Our Lady
five children , 21 May 1481
Copenhagen Castle Copenhagen Castle ( da, Københavns Slot) was a castle on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark. It was built in the late 14th century and was located at the site of the current Christiansborg Palace. History In 1167, Bisho ...

aged 55 , - ,
''(Hans)''
21 May 1481

20 February 1513
''()'' , , , 2 February 1455
Aalborghus Castle Aalborghus Castle ( da, Aalborghus Slot) is a castle in Aalborg, Denmark. It is a half-timbered (''bindingsværk'') castle built by King Christian III of Denmark, Christian III from 1539 to around 1555 initially as a fortification. A building had ...
third son of and
Dorothea of Brandenburg Dorothea of Brandenburg (1430/1431 – 10 November 1495) was a House of Hohenzollern, Hohenzollern princess who became a Scandinavian queen by marriage under the Kalmar Union. She was List of Danish royal consorts, Queen of Denmark, List of Norwe ...
,
6 September 1478
Copenhagen Copenhagen ( or .; da, København ) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark, with a proper population of around 815.000 in the last quarter of 2022; and some 1.370,000 in the urban area; and the wider Copenhagen metropolitan ar ...

Copenhagen

five children , 20 February 1513
Aalborghus Castle Aalborghus Castle ( da, Aalborghus Slot) is a castle in Aalborg, Denmark. It is a half-timbered (''bindingsværk'') castle built by King Christian III of Denmark, Christian III from 1539 to around 1555 initially as a fortification. A building had ...

aged 58 , - ,
22 July 1513

20 January 1523
''()''
(deposed) , , , 1 July 1481
Nyborg Castlesecond son of
John John is a common English name and surname: * John (given name) John (; ') is a common male given name in the English language of Hebrew language, Hebrew origin. The name is the English form of ''Iohannes'' and ''Ioannes'', which are the La ...
and , Isabella of Austria
12 August 1515
Copenhagen Copenhagen ( or .; da, København ) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark, with a proper population of around 815.000 in the last quarter of 2022; and some 1.370,000 in the urban area; and the wider Copenhagen metropolitan ar ...

Copenhagen

six children , 25 January 1559

aged 77 , - ,
13 April 1523

10 April 1533
''()'' , , , 7 October 1471
fourth son of and
Dorothea of Brandenburg Dorothea of Brandenburg (1430/1431 – 10 November 1495) was a House of Hohenzollern, Hohenzollern princess who became a Scandinavian queen by marriage under the Kalmar Union. She was List of Danish royal consorts, Queen of Denmark, List of Norwe ...
, (1) Anna of Brandenburg
10 April 1502

two children
(2) Sophie of Pomerania
9 October 1518
Kiel Castle
six children , 10 April 1533
Gottorp Castle
aged 61 , - , align="center" colspan="6", Interregnum (1533–1534) , - ,
4 July 1534

1 January 1559
''()'' , , , 12 August 1503
Gottorp Castleonly son of and Anna of Brandenburg , Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
29 October 1525
Lauenburg Castle
five children , 1 January 1559

aged 55 , - ,
1 January 1559

4 April 1588
''()'' , , , 1 July 1534
eldest son of and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg , Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
20 July 1572
Copenhagen Copenhagen ( or .; da, København ) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark, with a proper population of around 815.000 in the last quarter of 2022; and some 1.370,000 in the urban area; and the wider Copenhagen metropolitan ar ...

Copenhagen

eight children , 4 April 1588
Antvorskov Castle
aged 53 , - ,
4 April 1588

28 February 1648
''()'' , , , 12 April 1577
Frederiksborg Palace Frederiksborg Castle ( da, Frederiksborg Slot) is a palatial complex in Hillerød, Denmark. It was built as a royal residence for Christian IV of Denmark, King Christian IV of Denmark-Norway in the early 17th century, replacing an older castle a ...
eldest son of Frederick II and Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow , (1)
Anne Catherine of Brandenburg Anne Catherine of Brandenburg (26 June 1575 – 8 April 1612) was queen-consort, Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1597 to 1612 as the first spouse of King Christian IV of Denmark. Life Anne Catherine was born in Halle (Saale) and raised in Wolmi ...

27 November 1597

seven children
(2) Kirsten Munk
31 December 1615
Copenhagen Copenhagen ( or .; da, København ) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark, with a proper population of around 815.000 in the last quarter of 2022; and some 1.370,000 in the urban area; and the wider Copenhagen metropolitan ar ...

Copenhagen

twelve children , 28 February 1648
Rosenborg Castle
aged 70 , - ,
6 July 1648

9 February 1670
''()'' , , , 18 March 1609

third son of Christian IV of Denmark, Christian IV and
Anne Catherine of Brandenburg Anne Catherine of Brandenburg (26 June 1575 – 8 April 1612) was queen-consort, Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1597 to 1612 as the first spouse of King Christian IV of Denmark. Life Anne Catherine was born in Halle (Saale) and raised in Wolmi ...
, Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1 October 1643
Glücksburg Castle
eight children , 9 February 1670
Copenhagen Castle Copenhagen Castle ( da, Københavns Slot) was a castle on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark. It was built in the late 14th century and was located at the site of the current Christiansborg Palace. History In 1167, Bisho ...

aged 60 , - ,
9 February 1670

25 August 1699
''()'' , , , 15 April 1646
Duborg Castleeldest son of Frederick III of Denmark, Frederick III and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg , Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
25 June 1667
Nykøbing Castle
eight children , 25 August 1699
Copenhagen Castle Copenhagen Castle ( da, Københavns Slot) was a castle on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark. It was built in the late 14th century and was located at the site of the current Christiansborg Palace. History In 1167, Bisho ...

aged 53 , - ,
25 August 1699

12 October 1730
''()'' , , , 11 October 1671
Copenhagen Castle Copenhagen Castle ( da, Københavns Slot) was a castle on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark. It was built in the late 14th century and was located at the site of the current Christiansborg Palace. History In 1167, Bisho ...
eldest son of Christian V of Denmark, Christian V and Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel , (1) Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
5 December 1695
Copenhagen Copenhagen ( or .; da, København ) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark, with a proper population of around 815.000 in the last quarter of 2022; and some 1.370,000 in the urban area; and the wider Copenhagen metropolitan ar ...

Copenhagen

five children
(2) Elisabeth Helene von Vieregg
6 September 1703
one son
(3) Anne Sophie Reventlow
4 April 1721
Copenhagen Copenhagen ( or .; da, København ) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark, with a proper population of around 815.000 in the last quarter of 2022; and some 1.370,000 in the urban area; and the wider Copenhagen metropolitan ar ...

Copenhagen

three children , 12 October 1730
Odense, Odense Palace
aged 59 , - ,
12 October 1730

6 August 1746
''()'' , , , 30 November 1699
Copenhagen Castle Copenhagen Castle ( da, Københavns Slot) was a castle on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark. It was built in the late 14th century and was located at the site of the current Christiansborg Palace. History In 1167, Bisho ...

second son of Frederick IV of Denmark, Frederick IV and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow , Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
7 August 1721
Pretzsch, Wittenberg, Pretzsch Castle
three children , 6 August 1746
Hirschholm Palace
aged 46 , - ,
6 August 1746

14 January 1766
''()'' , , , 31 March 1723
Copenhagen Castle Copenhagen Castle ( da, Københavns Slot) was a castle on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark. It was built in the late 14th century and was located at the site of the current Christiansborg Palace. History In 1167, Bisho ...
only son of Christian VI of Denmark, Christian VI and Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach , (1) Louise of Great Britain
11 December 1743
Altona, Hamburg, Altona
five children
(2) Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
8 July 1752
Frederiksborg Palace Frederiksborg Castle ( da, Frederiksborg Slot) is a palatial complex in Hillerød, Denmark. It was built as a royal residence for Christian IV of Denmark, King Christian IV of Denmark-Norway in the early 17th century, replacing an older castle a ...

one son , 14 January 1766
Christiansborg Palace
aged 42 , - ,
14 January 1766

13 March 1808
''()'' , , , 29 January 1749
Christiansborg Palacesecond son of Frederick V of Denmark, Frederick V and Louise of Great Britain , Caroline Matilda of Great Britain
8 November 1766
Christiansborg Palace
two children , 13 March 1808
Rendsburg
aged 59 , - ,
13 March 1808

3 December 1839
''()'' , , , 28 January 1768
Christiansborg Palaceonly son of Christian VII of Denmark, Christian VII and Caroline Matilda of Great Britain , Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel
31 July 1790
Gottorp Castle
eight children , 3 December 1839
Amalienborg Palace
aged 71 , - ,
Christian Frederick
3 December 1839

20 January 1848
''()'' , , , 18 September 1786
Christiansborg Palaceeldest son of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin , (1) Duchess Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
21 June 1806
Schloss Ludwigslust, Ludwigslust Castle
two sons
(2) Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
22 May 1815
Augustenborg, Denmark, Augustenborg Palace
no issue , 20 January 1848
Amalienborg Palace
aged 61 , - ,
Frederik Carl Christian
20 January 1848

15 November 1863
''()'' , , , 6 October 1808
Amalienborg Palacesecond son of Christian VIII of Denmark, Christian VIII and Duchess Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin , (1) Princess Vilhelmine Marie of Denmark, Vilhelmine Marie of Denmark
1 November 1828
Christiansborg Palace
no issue
(2) Duchess Caroline of Mecklenburg, Caroline of Mecklenburg
10 June 1841
Neustrelitz
no issue
(3) Louise Rasmussen
7 August 1850
Frederiksborg Palace Frederiksborg Castle ( da, Frederiksborg Slot) is a palatial complex in Hillerød, Denmark. It was built as a royal residence for Christian IV of Denmark, King Christian IV of Denmark-Norway in the early 17th century, replacing an older castle a ...

no issue , 15 November 1863
Glücksburg Castle
aged 55


House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (since 1863)

, - ,
15 November 1863

29 January 1906
''()'' , , , 8 April 1818
Gottorf Castle
fourth son of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel , Louise of Hesse-Kassel
26 May 1842
Amalienborg Palace
six children , 29 January 1906
Amalienborg Palace
aged 87 , Great-grandson of Frederick V of Denmark, King Frederick V and male-line descendant of Christian III of Denmark, King Christian III , , - ,
Christian Frederik Vilhelm Carl
29 January 1906

14 May 1912
''()'' , , , 3 June 1843
Yellow Mansion, Copenhagen, Yellow Palace
eldest son of Christian IX of Denmark, Christian IX and Louise of Hesse-Kassel , Louise of Sweden
28 July 1869
Stockholm
eight children , 14 May 1912
Jungfernstieg, Hamburg
aged 68 , Son of Christian IX of Denmark, King Christian IX , , - ,
Christian Carl Frederik Albert Alexander Vilhelm
14 May 1912

20 April 1947
''()'' , , , 26 September 1870
Charlottenlund Palace
eldest son of Frederick VIII of Denmark, Frederick VIII and Louise of Sweden , Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
26 April 1898
Cannes
two sons , 20 April 1947
Amalienborg Palace
aged 76 , Son of Frederick VIII of Denmark, King Frederick VIII , , - ,
Christian Frederik Franz Michael Carl Valdemar Georg
20 April 1947

14 January 1972
''()'' , , , 11 March 1899
Sorgenfri Palace
eldest son of Christian X of Denmark, Christian X and Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin , Ingrid of Sweden
24 May 1935
Storkyrkan, Storkyrkan Cathedral, Stockholm
three daughters , 14 January 1972
Amalienborg Palace
aged 72 , Son of Christian X of Denmark, King Christian X , , - ,
Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid
14 January 1972

Present
''()'' , , , 16 April 1940
Amalienborg Palace
eldest daughter of Frederick IX of Denmark, Frederick IX and Ingrid of Sweden , Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark, Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
10 June 1967
Holmen Church,
Copenhagen Copenhagen ( or .; da, København ) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark, with a proper population of around 815.000 in the last quarter of 2022; and some 1.370,000 in the urban area; and the wider Copenhagen metropolitan ar ...

Copenhagen

two sons , Incumbent
Age , Daughter of Frederick IX of Denmark, King Frederick IX ,


Timeline of Danish monarchs

ImageSize=width:1250 height:auto barincrement:12 PlotArea=top:10 bottom:30 right:130 left:20 AlignBars=justify DateFormat=yyyy Period=from:940 till:2021 TimeAxis=orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor=unit:year increment:100 start:950 ScaleMinor=unit:year increment:25 start:950 Colors= id:canvas value:rgb(1,1,1) id:al value:yellow id:du value:green id:fa value:rgb(1,0.5,0.5) id:ba value:red id:br value:rgb(0.5,0.5,1) id:sw value:rgb(0.85,0.35,0) id:su value:orange id:cw value:rgb(0.8,0.8,0.8) id:eon value:Black Backgroundcolors=canvas:canvas BarData= barset:Rulers bar:eon PlotData= align:center textcolor:black fontsize:8 mark:(line,black) width:25 shift:(0,-5) bar:eon color:eon from: 940 till: 1042 color: al text:House of Gorm, Gorm from: 1042 till: 1047 color: du text:House of Fairhair, Fairhair from: 1047 till: 1375 color: fa text:House of Estridsen, Estridsen from: 1376 till: 1387 color: ba text:House of Bjelbo, Bjelbo from: 1387 till: 1412 color: fa text:House of Estridsen, Estridsen from: 1396 till: 1439 color: br text:House of Pomerania, Pomerania from: 1440 till: 1448 color: cw text:House of Palatinate-Neumarkt, Palatinate-Neumarkt from: 1448 till: 1863 color: sw text:House of Oldenburg, Oldenburg from: 1863 till: 2021 color: su text:House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg width:5 align:left fontsize:S shift:(5,-4) anchor:till barset:Rulers from: 940 till: 964 color:al text:Gorm the Old from: 964 till: 985 color:al text:Harald Bluetooth, Harald I Bluetooth from: 986 till: 1014 color:al text:Sweyn Forkbeard, Sweyn I Forkbeard from: 1014 till: 1018 color:al text:Harald II of Denmark, Harald II Svendsen from: 1018 till: 1035 color:al text:Cnut the Great from: 1035 till: 1042 color:al text:Harthacnut from: 1042 till: 1047 color:du text:Magnus the Good from: 1047 till: 1076 color:fa text:Sweyn II of Denmark, Sweyn II Estridsson from: 1076 till: 1080 color:fa text:Harald III of Denmark, Harald III the Soft from: 1080 till: 1086 color:fa text:Canute IV of Denmark, Canute IV the Holy from: 1086 till: 1095 color:fa text:Olaf I of Denmark, Olaf I Hunger from: 1095 till: 1103 color:fa text:Eric I of Denmark, Eric I Evergood from: 1104 till: 1134 color:fa text:Niels, King of Denmark, Niels from: 1134 till: 1137 color:fa text:Eric II the Memorable from: 1137 till: 1146 color:fa text:Eric III Lamb from: 1146 till: 1157 color:fa text:Sweyn III of Denmark, Sweyn III Grathe from: 1146 till: 1157 color:fa text:Canute V of Denmark, Canute V from: 1154 till: 1182 color:fa text:Valdemar I of Denmark, Valdemar I the Great from: 1170 till: 1202 color:fa text:Canute VI of Denmark, Canute VI from: 1202 till: 1241 color:fa text:Valdemar II of Denmark, Valdemar II the Victorious from: 1215 till: 1231 color:fa text:Valdemar the Young from: 1232 till: 1250 color:fa text:Eric IV of Denmark, Eric IV Ploughpenny from: 1250 till: 1252 color:fa text:Abel, King of Denmark, Abel from: 1252 till: 1259 color:fa text:Christopher I of Denmark, Christopher I from: 1259 till: 1286 color:fa text:Eric V of Denmark, Eric V Klipping from: 1286 till: 1319 color:fa text:Eric VI of Denmark, Eric VI Menved from: 1320 till: 1326 color:fa text:Christopher II of Denmark, Christopher II from: 1321 till: 1326 color:fa text:Eric Christoffersen of Denmark, Erik Christoffersen from: 1326 till: 1329 color:fa text:Valdemar III of Denmark, Valdemar III from: 1329 till: 1332 color:fa text:Christopher II of Denmark, Christopher II (restored) from: 1329 till: 1331 color:fa text:Eric Christoffersen of Denmark, Erik Christoffersen (restored) from: 1332 till: 1340 color:fa text:Interregnum from: 1340 till: 1375 color:fa text:Valdemar IV of Denmark, Valdemar IV Atterdag from: 1376 till: 1387 color:ba text:Olaf II of Denmark, Olaf II from: 1376 till: 1412 color:fa text:Margrethe I of Denmark, Margrethe I from: 1396 till: 1439 color:br text:Eric VII of Denmark, Eric VII from: 1440 till: 1448 color:cw text:Christopher III of Denmark, Christopher III from: 1448 till: 1481 color:sw text: from: 1481 till: 1513 color:sw text:
John John is a common English name and surname: * John (given name) John (; ') is a common male given name in the English language of Hebrew language, Hebrew origin. The name is the English form of ''Iohannes'' and ''Ioannes'', which are the La ...
from: 1513 till: 1523 color:sw text:Christian II of Denmark, Christian II from: 1523 till: 1533 color:sw text: from: 1533 till: 1534 color:sw text:Interregnum from: 1534 till: 1559 color:sw text: from: 1559 till: 1588 color:sw text: Frederick II from: 1588 till: 1648 color:sw text:Christian IV of Denmark, Christian IV from: 1648 till: 1670 color:sw text:Frederick III of Denmark, Frederick III from: 1670 till: 1699 color:sw text:Christian V of Denmark, Christian V from: 1699 till: 1730 color:sw text:Frederick IV of Denmark, Frederick IV from: 1730 till: 1746 color:sw text:Christian VI of Denmark, Christian VI from: 1746 till: 1766 color:sw text:Frederick V of Denmark, Frederick V from: 1766 till: 1808 color:sw text:Christian VII of Denmark, Christian VII from: 1784 till: 1808 color:sw text:Frederick VI of Denmark, Frederick VI (as regent) from: 1808 till: 1839 color:sw text:Frederick VI of Denmark, Frederick VI from: 1839 till: 1848 color:sw text:Christian VIII of Denmark, Christian VIII from: 1848 till: 1863 color:sw text:Frederick VII of Denmark, Frederick VII from: 1863 till: 1906 color:su text:Christian IX of Denmark, Christian IX from: 1906 till: 1912 color:su text:Frederick VIII of Denmark, Frederick VIII from: 1912 till: 1947 color:su text:Christian X of Denmark, Christian X from: 1947 till: 1972 color:su text:Frederick IX of Denmark, Frederick IX from: 1972 till: 2021 color:su text:Margrethe II of Denmark, Margrethe II barset:skip


See also

*Danish monarchs' family tree *Line of succession to the Danish throne *List of Danish royal consorts *Coronation of the Danish monarch *Style of the Danish sovereign *Danish Crown Regalia *Danish Orders of Chivalry *Lists of office-holders


Notes


Further reading


"Royal Lineage"
Royal Family – The Monarchy in Denmark. *
''"Kongerækken"''
Kongehuset. {{DEFAULTSORT:Danish Monarchs, List Of Danish monarchs, Lists of office-holders in Denmark, Monarchs Lists of monarchs, Denmark