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This is a list of Category A listed buildings in Aberdeen, Scotland.

In Scotland, the term listed building refers to a building or other structure officially designated as being of "special architectural or historic interest".[1] Category A structures are those considered to be "buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type."[2] Listing was begun by a provision in the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1947, and the current legislative basis for listing is the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.[3] The authority for listing rests with Historic Scotland, an executive agency of the Scottish Government, which inherited this role from the Scottish Development Department in 1991. Once listed, severe restrictions are imposed on the modifications allowed to a building's structure or its fittings. Listed building consent must be obtained from local authorities prior to any alteration to such a structure.[3] There are approximately 47,400 listed buildings in Scotland, of which around 8% (some 3,800) are Category A.[4]

The council area of Aberdeen City covers 184.5 square kilometres (71.2 sq mi), and has a population of around 210,400. There are 68 Category A listed buildings in the area. Much of the architecture of Aberdeen is built in the distinctive local granite, leading to the nickname, "The Granite City". During the first half of the 19th century, the most prominent architect in Aberdeen was Archibald Simpson (1790–1847), who completed many of the major public buildings in the city. Older buildings include the medieval Brig o' Balgownie and King's College Chapel, and the oldest town houses in the city: Provost Skene's house (1545),[5] and Provost Ross' house (1593).[6] More recently, Sir Robert Matthew's Crombie Halls of Residence at the University, completed in 1960, were listed at Category A in 2004.[7] Other A-listed structures include a rare surviving locomotive turntable,[8] an early suspension bridge by Samuel Brown,[9] the intact Victorian Tivoli Theatre,[10] and Scotland's oldest iron-framed mill building.[11]

Listed buildings

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Sometimes known as OSGB36, the grid reference (where provided) is based on the British national grid reference system used by the Ordnance Survey.
    "Guide to National Grid". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 2007-12-12. 
    "Get-a-map". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 2007-12-17. 
  2. ^ The "HB Number" is a unique number assigned to each listed building by Historic Environment Scotland.

References

  1. ^ Guide to the Protection of Scotland's Listed Buildings (PDF). Historic Scotland. 2009. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-84917-013-0. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  2. ^ "What is Listing?". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  3. ^ a b Scottish Historic Environment Policy (PDF). Historic Scotland. October 2008. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-1-84917-002-4. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  4. ^ Guide to the Protection of Scotland's Listed Buildings, p. 17.
  5. ^ "Broad Street (Formerly 45 Guestrow), Provost Skene's House And Archway On Front Boundary, Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  6. ^ "48 and 50 Shiprow, (Including Former House Of Provost Ross), Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  7. ^ "Crombie Halls Of Residence, Meston Walk, Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  8. ^ "Polmuir Avenue, Ferryhill Motive Power Depot, Locomotive Turntable, Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  9. ^ "Wellington Suspension Bridge Over River Dee, At Craiglug, Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  10. ^ "Guild Street And 1 Trinity Street, Tivoli Theatre, Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  11. ^ "Maberly Street, Broadford Works With Returns To Ann Street And Hutcheon Street, Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 

External links

Media related to Category A listed buildings in Aberdeen at Wikimedia Commons