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Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories. The majority of Canada's population is concentrated in the areas close to the Canada–US border. Its four largest provinces by area (Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta) are also (with Quebec and Ontario switched in order) its most populous; together they account for 86% of the country's population. The territories (the Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon) account for over a third of Canada's area but are home to only 0.3% of its population, which skews the national population density value.

Canada's population grew by 5.0% between the 2006 and 2011 censuses.[1] Except for New Brunswick, all territories and provinces increased in population from 2011 to 2016. In terms of percent change, the fastest-growing province or territory was Nunavut with an increase of 12.7% between 2011 and 2016, followed by Alberta with 11.6% growth. New Brunswick's population decreased by 0.5% between 2011 and 2016.

Canada's population has increased every year since Confederation in 1867: see List of population of Canada by years.

Listing

Rank Name[1] Population,
2016 Census
Growth,
2011–16
Land area
(km2)
Population
density
(per km2
House of
Commons
seats
2018 population
(Q1 est.)[2]
Total Proportion Total Proportion Total Proportion
1  Ontario 13,448,494 38.3% 4.6% 908,699.33 14.8 121 35.8% 14,318,750 38.7%
2  Quebec 8,164,361 23.2% 3.3% 1,356,625.27 6.0 78 23.1% 8,439,925 22.9%
3  British Columbia 4,648,055 13.2% 5.6% 922,503.01 5.0 42 12.4% 4,849,442 13.1%
4  Alberta 4,067,175 11.6% 11.6% 640,330.46 6.4 34 10.0% 4,318,772 11.7%
5  Manitoba 1,278,365 3.6% 5.8% 552,370.99 2.3 14 4.1% 1,346,993 3.6%
6  Saskatchewan 1,098,352 3.1% 6.3% 588,243.54 1.9 14 4.1% 1,169,752 3.2%
7  Nova Scotia 923,598 2.6% 0.2% 52,942.27 17.4 11 3.3% 957,470 2.6%
8  New Brunswick 747,101 2.1% −0.5% 71,388.81 10.5 10 3.0% 760,744 2.1%
9  Newfoundland and Labrador 519,716 1.5% 1.0% 370,514.08 1.4 7 2.1% 527,613 1.4%
10  Prince Edward Island 142,907 0.41% 1.9% 5,686.03 25.1 4 1.2% 152,768 0.41%
11  Northwest Territories 41,786 0.12% 0.8% 1,143,793.86 0.04 1 0.3% 44,597 0.12%
12  Nunavut 35,944 0.10% 12.7% 1,877,778.53 0.02 1 0.3% 38,203 0.10%
13  Yukon 35,874 0.10% 5.8% 474,712.68 0.08 1 0.3% 38,825 0.10%
Total  Canada 35,151,728 100% 5.0% 8,965,588.85 3.9 338 100% 36,963,854 100%
Breakdown of Canada's population from the 2011 census by province/territory
Bar chart of the populations of Canadian provinces/territories via the 2011 census

See also

References