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The Government Ministries of Thailand ( th, กระทรวง: Krasuang) are the government agencies that compose the
executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State (polity), state. The executive executes and enforces law. In political systems based on the princi ...
of the
Government of Thailand The Government of Thailand, or formally the Royal Thai Government ( Abrv: RTG; th, รัฐบาลไทย, , ), is the unitary government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The country emerged as a modern nation state after the foundation of ...
. Each ministry is headed by a minister of state ( th, รัฐมนตรีว่าการกระทรวง, ) and, depending on the prime minister, several deputy ministers ( th, รัฐมนตรีช่วยว่าการกระทรวง) . The combined heads of these agencies form the Cabinet of Thailand. There are 19 ministries. The combined employees of these departments make up the civil service of Thailand.


Ministries


History

During the Rattanakosin Period, the kingdom's administration was similar to that of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, Ayutthaya Period. There were two chief ministers ( th, อัครมหาเสนาบดี: Akkhramahasenabodi): the first running military affairs or ''samuhakalahom'' ( th, สมุหกลาโหม), and the second ''Samuhanayok'' ( th, สมุหนายก) for civilian affairs. The civilian ministry was divided further into four ''kroms'' ( th, กรม), headed by a ''senabodi'' ( th, เสนาบดี) or 'minister'. This type of administration was called the ''Chatusadom'' ( th, จตุสดมภ์) :


Rama V reforms

King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), who had received a European education and traveled widely, reformed the administration of the state. In 1875, he issued a royal decree to bring about this reform, dividing and creating many departments, and thereby preventing the archaic system from collapsing. The administrative reforms of Chulalongkorn created six ministries ( th, กระทรวง: krasuang), each headed by a minister of state or ( th, รัฐมนตรี, ): A further four were soon added: By 1900 the entire structure was formed. The ten ministries became the center of Siamese government and rule. After the Siamese Revolution of 1932, 1932 Revolution, most of the ministries were retained by the Khana Ratsadon, however from then on the ministers were chosen by the prime minister and not the king.


See also

* Cabinet of Thailand * Independent agencies of the Thai government *
Government of Thailand The Government of Thailand, or formally the Royal Thai Government ( Abrv: RTG; th, รัฐบาลไทย, , ), is the unitary government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The country emerged as a modern nation state after the foundation of ...
* List of state enterprises of Thailand * Politics of Thailand * Prime Minister of Thailand


References


External links


Official webpage

Reshaping Thailand through Bureaucratic Reform and Development


Website of the Department of Provincial Administration – DOPA (in English)

Internet archive of 25 November 2009) {{DEFAULTSORT:List of Cabinet Ministries of Thailand Government of Thailand Government ministries of Thailand, Thailand politics-related lists, M Lists of government ministries