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The Info List - List Of Secretaries Of State Of The United States


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This is a list of Secretaries of State of the United States.

Contents

1 Secretaries of Foreign Affairs (1781–1789) 2 List of Secretaries of State 3 List of Secretaries of State by time in office 4 Living former Secretaries of State 5 Notes 6 References

Secretaries of Foreign Affairs (1781–1789)[edit] Main article: United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs List of Secretaries of State[edit]

Parties

  No party (1)   Federalist (6)   Democratic-Republican (6)   Democratic (26)   Whig (5)   Republican (28)

Status

  Denotes acting Secretary of State

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took office Left office President(s)

John Jay[A] Acting New York September 26, 1789 March 22, 1790

George Washington

1

Thomas Jefferson[M] Virginia March 22, 1790 December 31, 1793

2

Edmund J. Randolph Virginia January 2, 1794 August 20, 1795

3

Timothy Pickering Massachusetts August 20, 1795 December 10, 1795[B]

December 10, 1795 March 4, 1797

March 4, 1797 May 12, 1800

John Adams

Charles Lee[C] Acting Virginia May 13, 1800 June 5, 1800

4

John Marshall Virginia June 13, 1800 March 4, 1801

Levi Lincoln Sr.[C] Acting Massachusetts March 5, 1801 May 1, 1801

Thomas Jefferson

5

James Madison[M] Virginia May 2, 1801 March 3, 1809

6

Robert Smith Maryland March 6, 1809 April 1, 1811

James Madison

7

James Monroe[M] Virginia April 2, 1811 March 3, 1817

John Graham Acting Kentucky March 4, 1817 March 9, 1817

James Monroe

Richard Rush[C] Acting Pennsylvania March 10, 1817 September 22, 1817

8

John Quincy Adams[M] Massachusetts September 22, 1817 March 3, 1825

Daniel Brent Acting Virginia March 4, 1825 March 7, 1825

John Quincy Adams

9

Henry Clay Kentucky March 7, 1825 March 3, 1829

James A. Hamilton Acting New York March 4, 1829 March 27, 1829

Andrew Jackson

10

Martin Van Buren[M] New York March 28, 1829 May 23, 1831

11

Edward Livingston Louisiana May 24, 1831 May 29, 1833

12

Louis McLane Delaware May 29, 1833 June 30, 1834

13

John Forsyth Georgia July 1, 1834 March 4, 1837

March 4, 1837 March 3, 1841

Martin Van Buren

Jacob L. Martin Acting District of Columbia March 4, 1841 March 5, 1841

William Harrison

14

Daniel Webster Massachusetts March 6, 1841 April 4, 1841

April 4, 1841 May 8, 1843

John Tyler

Hugh S. Legaré Acting South Carolina May 9, 1843 June 20, 1843

William S. Derrick Acting Pennsylvania June 21, 1843 June 23, 1843

15

Abel P. Upshur Virginia June 24, 1843 July 23, 1843[D]

July 24, 1843 February 28, 1844

John Nelson[C] Acting Maryland February 29, 1844 March 31, 1844

16

John C. Calhoun South Carolina April 1, 1844 March 10, 1845[E]

17

James Buchanan[M] Pennsylvania March 10, 1845 March 7, 1849[E]

James K. Polk[E]

18

John M. Clayton Delaware March 8, 1849 July 9, 1850

Zachary Taylor

July 9, 1850 July 22, 1850

Millard Fillmore

19

Daniel Webster Massachusetts July 23, 1850 October 24, 1852

Charles M. Conrad[B] Acting Louisiana October 25, 1852 November 5, 1852

20

Edward Everett Massachusetts November 6, 1852 March 3, 1853

William Hunter[F] Acting Rhode Island March 4, 1853 March 7, 1853

Franklin Pierce

21

William L. Marcy New York March 7, 1853 March 6, 1857[E]

22

Lewis Cass Michigan March 6, 1857 December 14, 1860

James Buchanan

William Hunter Acting Rhode Island December 15, 1860 December 16, 1860

23

Jeremiah S. Black Pennsylvania December 17, 1860 March 5, 1861[E]

24

William H. Seward New York March 5, 1861 April 15, 1865

Abraham Lincoln

April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869

Andrew Johnson

25

Elihu B. Washburne Illinois March 5, 1869 March 16, 1869

Ulysses S. Grant

26

Hamilton Fish New York March 17, 1869 March 4, 1877

March 4, 1877 March 12, 1877[E]

Rutherford B. Hayes[E]

27

William M. Evarts New York March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881

28

James G. Blaine Maine March 7, 1881 September 19, 1881

James A. Garfield

September 19, 1881 December 19, 1881

Chester A. Arthur

29

Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen New Jersey December 19, 1881 March 6, 1885[E]

30

Thomas F. Bayard Delaware March 7, 1885 March 6, 1889

Grover Cleveland[E]

31

James G. Blaine Maine March 7, 1889 June 4, 1892

Benjamin Harrison

William F. Wharton[G] Acting Massachusetts June 4, 1892 June 29, 1892

32

John W. Foster Indiana June 29, 1892 February 23, 1893

-

William F. Wharton[G] Acting Massachusetts February 24, 1893 March 6, 1893

Grover Cleveland

33

Walter Q. Gresham Indiana March 7, 1893 May 28, 1895

Edwin F. Uhl[G] Acting Michigan May 28, 1895 June 9, 1895

34

Richard Olney Massachusetts June 10, 1895 March 5, 1897[E]

35

John Sherman Ohio March 6, 1897 April 27, 1898

William McKinley

36

William R. Day Ohio April 28, 1898 September 16, 1898

Alvey A. Adee[H] Acting New York September 17, 1898 September 29, 1898

37

John Hay District of Columbia September 30, 1898 September 14, 1901

September 14, 1901 July 1, 1905

Theodore Roosevelt

Francis B. Loomis[G] Acting Ohio July 1, 1905 July 18, 1905

38

Elihu Root New York July 19, 1905 January 27, 1909

39

Robert Bacon New York January 27, 1909 March 5, 1909[E]

40

Philander C. Knox Pennsylvania March 6, 1909 March 5, 1913

William Howard Taft[E]

41

William Jennings Bryan Nebraska March 5, 1913 June 9, 1915

Woodrow Wilson

42

Robert Lansing New York June 9, 1915 June 23, 1915

June 24, 1915 February 13, 1920

Frank Polk[I] Acting New York February 14, 1920 March 12, 1920

43

Bainbridge Colby New York March 23, 1920 March 4, 1921

44

Charles Evans Hughes New York March 5, 1921 August 2, 1923

Warren G. Harding

August 2, 1923 March 4, 1925

Calvin Coolidge

45

Frank B. Kellogg Minnesota March 5, 1925 March 4, 1929

March 4, 1929 March 28, 1929

Herbert Hoover

46

Henry L. Stimson New York March 28, 1929 March 4, 1933

47

Cordell Hull Tennessee March 4, 1933 November 30, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt

48

Edward Stettinius Jr. Virginia December 1, 1944 April 12, 1945

April 12, 1945 June 27, 1945

Harry S. Truman

Joseph Grew[I] Acting New Hampshire June 28, 1945 July 3, 1945

49

James F. Byrnes South Carolina July 3, 1945 January 21, 1947

50

George C. Marshall Pennsylvania January 21, 1947 January 20, 1949

51

Dean Acheson Connecticut January 21, 1949 January 20, 1953

Harrison F. Matthews[I] Acting Maryland January 20, 1953 January 21, 1953

Dwight D. Eisenhower

52

John Foster Dulles New York January 21, 1953 April 22, 1959

53

Christian Herter Massachusetts April 22, 1959 January 20, 1961

Livingston T. Merchant Acting District of Columbia January 20, 1961 January 21, 1961

John F. Kennedy

54

Dean Rusk Georgia January 21, 1961 November 22, 1963

November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969

Lyndon B. Johnson

Charles E. Bohlen Acting District of Columbia January 20, 1969 January 22, 1969

Richard Nixon

55

William P. Rogers Maryland January 22, 1969 September 3, 1973

Kenneth Rush Acting Florida September 3, 1973 September 22, 1973

56

Henry Kissinger District of Columbia September 22, 1973 August 9, 1974

August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977[1]

Gerald Ford

Philip Habib Acting California January 20, 1977 January 23, 1977

Jimmy Carter

57

Cyrus Vance West Virginia January 23, 1977 April 28, 1980[2]

Warren Christopher[K][3] Acting California April 28, 1980 May 2, 1980

David D. Newsom[L][3] Acting

May 2, 1980 May 3, 1980

Richard N. Cooper[N][3] Acting

May 3, 1980

David D. Newsom[L][3] Acting

May 3, 1980 May 4, 1980

Warren Christopher[K][3] Acting California May 4, 1980 May 8, 1980

58

Edmund Muskie Maine May 8, 1980 January 20, 1981[4]

59

Alexander Haig Connecticut January 22, 1981 July 5, 1982[5]

Ronald Reagan

Walter J. Stoessel Jr.[K] Acting California July 5, 1982 July 16, 1982

60

George P. Shultz California July 16, 1982 January 20, 1989[6]

Michael Armacost[L] Acting Maryland January 20, 1989 January 25, 1989

George H. W. Bush

61

James Baker Texas January 25, 1989 August 23, 1992[7]

62

Lawrence Eagleburger Wisconsin August 23, 1992 December 8, 1992[K][8]

December 8, 1992 January 19, 1993[9]

Arnold Kanter[L][10] Acting Virginia January 20, 1993

Bill Clinton

Frank G. Wisner[O][10] Acting District of Columbia January 20, 1993

63

Warren Christopher California January 20, 1993 January 17, 1997[11]

64

Madeleine Albright District of Columbia January 23, 1997 January 20, 2001[12]

65

Colin Powell Virginia January 20, 2001 January 26, 2005[13]

George W. Bush

66

Condoleezza Rice California January 26, 2005 January 20, 2009[14]

William Joseph Burns[L] Acting District of Columbia January 20, 2009 January 21, 2009[15]

Barack Obama

67

Hillary Clinton New York January 21, 2009 February 1, 2013[16]

68

John Kerry Massachusetts February 1, 2013 January 20, 2017[17]

Tom Shannon[L] Acting Minnesota January 20, 2017 February 1, 2017[18][19][20]

Donald Trump

69

Rex Tillerson Texas February 1, 2017 March 31, 2018

John J. Sullivan[K] Acting Massachusetts April 1, 2018 Incumbent

List of Secretaries of State by time in office[edit]

11 years, 271 days Cordell Hull
Cordell Hull
from 1933 to 1944

7 years, 364 days Dean Rusk
Dean Rusk
from 1961 to 1969

7 years, 364 days William H. Seward
William H. Seward
from 1861 to 1869

43 days Lawrence Eagleburger
Lawrence Eagleburger
from 1992 to 1993

37 days Robert Bacon
Robert Bacon
in 1909

11 days Elihu B. Washburne
Elihu B. Washburne
in 1869

This is a list of United States Secretaries of State by time in office. This is based on the difference between dates; if counted by number of calendar days all the figures would be one greater. Cordell Hull
Cordell Hull
is the only person to have served as Secretary of State for more than eight years. Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster
and James G. Blaine
James G. Blaine
are the only Secretaries of State to have ever served non-consecutive terms. Elihu B. Washburne
Elihu B. Washburne
served as Secretary of State for less than two weeks before becoming Ambassador to France.

# in office Secretary Length of service (days) Rank

47 Hull, CordellCordell Hull 4289 1

54 Rusk, DeanDean Rusk 2921 2

24 Seward, William H.William H. Seward 2921

8 Adams, John QuincyJohn Quincy Adams 2920 4

26 Fish, HamiltonHamilton Fish 2917 5

5 Madison, JamesJames Madison 2862 6

37 Hay, JohnJohn Hay 2465 7

13 Forsyth, JohnJohn Forsyth 2437 8

60 Shultz, George P.George P. Shultz 2380 9

52 Dulles, John FosterJohn Foster Dulles 2282 10

7 Monroe, JamesJames Monroe 2011 11

42 Lansing, RobertRobert Lansing 1695 12

55 Rogers, William P.William P. Rogers 1685 13

14/19 Webster, DanielDaniel Webster 1617 14

3 Pickering, TimothyTimothy Pickering 1614 15

45 Kellogg, Frank B.Frank B. Kellogg 1484 16

28/31 Blaine, James G.James G. Blaine 1472 17

67 Clinton, HillaryHillary Clinton 1472

65 Powell, ColinColin Powell 1467 19

51 Acheson, DeanDean Acheson 1460 20

21 Marcy, William L.William L. Marcy 1460

30 Bayard Sr., Thomas F. Thomas F. Bayard
Thomas F. Bayard
Sr. 1460

40 Knox, Philander C.Philander C. Knox 1460

44 Hughes, Charles EvansCharles Evans Hughes 1460

63 Christopher, WarrenWarren Christopher 1458 25

64 Albright, MadeleineMadeleine Albright 1458

17 Buchanan, JamesJames Buchanan 1458

9 Clay, HenryHenry Clay 1457 28

27 Evarts, William M.William M. Evarts 1456 29

66 Rice, CondoleezzaCondoleezza Rice 1455 30

68 Kerry, JohnJohn Kerry 1449 31

46 Stimson, Henry L.Henry L. Stimson 1437 32

1 Jefferson, ThomasThomas Jefferson 1380 33

22 Cass, LewisLewis Cass 1379 34

61 Baker, JamesJames Baker 1306 35

38 Root, ElihuElihu Root 1288 36

56 Kissinger, HenryHenry Kissinger 1216 37

57 Vance, CyrusCyrus Vance 1191 38

29 Frelinghuysen, Frederick T.Frederick T. Frelinghuysen 1173 39

41 Bryan, William JenningsWilliam Jennings Bryan 826 40

33 Gresham, Walter Q.Walter Q. Gresham 812 41

10 Van Buren, MartinMartin Van Buren 786 42

6 Smith, RobertRobert Smith 756 43

11 Livingston, EdwardEdward Livingston 736 44

50 Marshall, GeorgeGeorge Marshall 730 45

53 Herter, ChristianChristian Herter 639 46

34 Olney, RichardRichard Olney 634 47

2 Randolph, EdmundEdmund Randolph 595 48

49 Byrnes, James F.James F. Byrnes 567 49

59 Haig, AlexanderAlexander Haig 529 50

18 Clayton, John M.John M. Clayton 501 51

69 Tillerson, RexRex Tillerson 423 52

35 Sherman, JohnJohn Sherman 417 53

12 Maclane, LouisLouis McLane 397 54

43 Colby, BainbridgeBainbridge Colby 346 55

16 Calhoun, John C.John C. Calhoun 343 56

4 Marshall, JohnJohn Marshall 264 57

58 Muskie, EdmundEdmund Muskie 257 58

32 Foster, John W.John W. Foster 239 59

15 Upshur, Abel P.Abel P. Upshur 219 60

48 Stettinius Jr., EdwardEdward Stettinius Jr. 208 61

36 Day, William R.William R. Day 141 62

20 Everett, EdwardEdward Everett 117 63

23 Black, Jeremiah S.Jeremiah S. Black 78 64

62 Eagleburger, LawrenceLawrence Eagleburger 43 65

39 Bacon, RobertRobert Bacon 37 66

25 Washburne, Elihu B.Elihu B. Washburne 11 67

Living former Secretaries of State[edit] See also: List of living former members of the United States Cabinet As of April 2018, there are nine living former Secretaries of State (with all Secretaries that have served since 1997 still living), the oldest being George P. Shultz
George P. Shultz
(served 1982–1989, born 1920). The most recent Secretary of State to die was Lawrence Eagleburger
Lawrence Eagleburger
(served 1992–1993, born 1930), on June 4, 2011. The most recently serving Secretary of State to die was Warren Christopher
Warren Christopher
(served 1993–1997, born 1925) on March 18, 2011.

Living former Secretary of State

Henry Kissinger served 1973–1977, born May 27, 1923 (age 94)

George P. Shultz served 1982–1989, born December 13, 1920 (age 97)

James Baker served 1989–1992, born April 28, 1930 (age 87)

Madeleine Albright served 1997–2001, born May 15, 1937 (age 80)

Colin Powell served 2001–2005, born April 5, 1937 (age 81)

Condoleezza Rice served 2005–2009, born November 14, 1954 (age 63)

Hillary Clinton served 2009–2013, born October 26, 1947 (age 70)

John Kerry served 2013–2017, born December 11, 1943 (age 74)

Rex Tillerson served 2017–2018, born March 23, 1952 (age 66)

Notes[edit]

A As United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs until September 15, 1789 and United States Secretary of State
United States Secretary of State
until March 22, 1790, pending the return of Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
from France. B As Secretary of War. C As Attorney General. D As Secretary of the Navy. E In addition to the President listed, this Secretary of State served for a brief period of time (eight days or less) under that President's successor until a replacement could be named and confirmed. F As Chief Clerk of the State Department. G As Assistant Secretary of State. H As Second Assistant Secretary of State. I As Under Secretary of State. J As Deputy Under Secretary of State. K As Deputy Secretary of State. L As Under Secretary of State
Under Secretary of State
for Political Affairs. M Became President of the United States. N As Under Secretary of State
Under Secretary of State
for Economic Affairs. O As Under Secretary of State
Under Secretary of State
for International Security Affairs.

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Secretaries of State of the United States.

^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Henry A. (Heinz Alfred) Kissinger (1923–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Cyrus Roberts Vance (1917–2002)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ a b c d e Allexperts.com – Secretary of State Archived 2012-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Edmund Sixtus Muskie (1914–1996)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Alexander Meigs Haig Jr. (1924–2010)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: George Pratt Shultz (1920–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: James Addison Baker III (1930–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger (1930–2011)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. Served as Acting Secretary of State, Aug 23-Dec 8, 1992.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger (1930–2011)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ a b and, Thomas L. Friedman. "Clinton Rounds Out State Dept. Team". nytimes.com. Retrieved 14 March 2018.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Warren Minor Christopher (1925–2011)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Madeleine Korbel Albright (1937–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Colin Luther Powell (1937–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Condoleezza Rice (1954–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Condoleezza Rice (1954–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. Under Secretary for Political Affairs William J. Burns served as Acting Secretary of State, January 20-21, 2009.  ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Hillary Rodham Clinton (1947–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ "John Forbes Kerry (1943–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian.  ^ Herman, Steve. "Career Diplomat Becomes Acting Secretary of State with Trump Inauguration". voanews.com. Retrieved 14 March 2018.  ^ News, ABC. "ABC News". ABC News. Retrieved 14 March 2018.  ^ " Under Secretary of State
Under Secretary of State
Shannon meets Tillerson: U.S. official". 19 January 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018 – via Reuters. 

v t e

United States Secretaries of State

Secretary of Foreign Affairs 1781–89

R. Livingston Jay

Secretary of State 1789–present

Jefferson Randolph Pickering J. Marshall Madison Smith Monroe Adams Clay Van Buren E. Livingston McLane Forsyth Webster Upshur Calhoun Buchanan Clayton Webster Everett Marcy Cass Black Seward Washburne Fish Evarts Blaine Frelinghuysen Bayard Blaine Foster Gresham Olney Sherman Day Hay Root Bacon Knox Bryan Lansing Colby Hughes Kellogg Stimson Hull Stettinius Byrnes G. Marshall Acheson Dulles Herter Rusk Rogers Kissinger Vance Muskie Haig Shultz Baker Eagleburger Christopher Albright Powell Rice (tenure) Clinton (tenure) Kerry

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