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The Info List - List Of Secretaries Of State Of The United States



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This is a list of Secretaries of State of the United States .

CONTENTS

* 1 Secretaries of Foreign Affairs (1781–1789) * 2 List of Secretaries of State * 3 List of Secretaries of State by time in office * 4 Living former Secretaries of State * 5 Notes * 6 References

SECRETARIES OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS (1781–1789)

Main article: United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs

LIST OF SECRETARIES OF STATE

PARTIES

No party (1) Federalist (3) Democratic-Republican (6) Democratic (26) Whig (5) Republican (28)

STATUS

Denotes acting Secretary of State

NO. PORTRAIT NAME STATE OF RESIDENCE TOOK OFFICE LEFT OFFICE PRESIDENT(S)

John Jay Acting New York September 26, 1789 March 22, 1790

George Washington

1

Thomas Jefferson Virginia March 22, 1790 December 31, 1793

2

Edmund J. Randolph Virginia January 2, 1794 August 20, 1795

3

Timothy Pickering Massachusetts August 20, 1795 December 10, 1795

December 10, 1795 March 4, 1797

March 4, 1797 May 12, 1800

John Adams

Charles Lee Acting Virginia May 13, 1800 June 5, 1800

4

John Marshall Virginia June 13, 1800 March 4, 1801

Levi Lincoln Sr. Acting Massachusetts March 5, 1801 May 1, 1801

Thomas Jefferson

5

James Madison Virginia May 2, 1801 March 3, 1809

6

Robert Smith Maryland March 6, 1809 April 1, 1811

James Madison

7

James Monroe Virginia April 2, 1811 March 3, 1817

John Graham Acting Kentucky March 4, 1817 March 9, 1817

James Monroe

Richard Rush Acting Pennsylvania March 10, 1817 September 22, 1817

8

John Quincy Adams Massachusetts September 22, 1817 March 3, 1825

Daniel Brent Acting Virginia March 4, 1825 March 7, 1825

John Quincy Adams

9

Henry Clay Kentucky March 7, 1825 March 3, 1829

James A. Hamilton Acting New York March 4, 1829 March 27, 1829

Andrew Jackson

10

Martin Van Buren New York March 28, 1829 May 23, 1831

11

Edward Livingston Louisiana May 24, 1831 May 29, 1833

12

Louis McLane Delaware May 29, 1833 June 30, 1834

13

John Forsyth Georgia July 1, 1834 March 4, 1837

March 4, 1837 March 3, 1841

Martin Van Buren

Jacob L. Martin Acting District of Columbia March 4, 1841 March 5, 1841

William Harrison

14

Daniel Webster Massachusetts March 6, 1841 April 4, 1841

April 4, 1841 May 8, 1843

John Tyler

Hugh S. Legaré Acting South Carolina May 9, 1843 June 20, 1843

William S. Derrick Acting Pennsylvania June 21, 1843 June 23, 1843

15

Abel P. Upshur Virginia June 24, 1843 July 23, 1843

July 24, 1843 February 28, 1844

John Nelson Acting Maryland February 29, 1844 March 31, 1844

16

John C. Calhoun South Carolina April 1, 1844 March 10, 1845

17

James Buchanan Pennsylvania March 10, 1845 March 7, 1849

James K. Polk

18

John M. Clayton Delaware March 8, 1849 July 9, 1850

Zachary Taylor

July 9, 1850 July 22, 1850

Millard Fillmore

19

Daniel Webster Massachusetts July 23, 1850 October 24, 1852

Charles M. Conrad Acting Louisiana October 25, 1852 November 5, 1852

20

Edward Everett Massachusetts November 6, 1852 March 3, 1853

William Hunter Acting Rhode Island March 4, 1853 March 7, 1853

Franklin Pierce

21

William L. Marcy New York March 7, 1853 March 6, 1857

22

Lewis Cass Michigan March 6, 1857 December 14, 1860

James Buchanan

William Hunter Acting Rhode Island December 15, 1860 December 16, 1860

23

Jeremiah S. Black Pennsylvania December 17, 1860 March 5, 1861

24

William H. Seward New York March 5, 1861 April 15, 1865

Abraham Lincoln

April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869

Andrew Johnson

25

Elihu B. Washburne Illinois March 5, 1869 March 16, 1869

Ulysses S. Grant

26

Hamilton Fish New York March 17, 1869 March 4, 1877

March 4, 1877 March 12, 1877

Rutherford B. Hayes

27

William M. Evarts New York March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881

28

James G. Blaine Maine March 7, 1881 September 19, 1881

James A. Garfield

September 19, 1881 December 19, 1881

Chester A. Arthur

29

Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen New Jersey December 19, 1881 March 6, 1885

30

Thomas F. Bayard Delaware March 7, 1885 March 6, 1889

Grover Cleveland

31

James G. Blaine Maine March 7, 1889 June 4, 1892

Benjamin Harrison

William F. Wharton Acting Massachusetts June 4, 1892 June 29, 1892

32

John W. Foster Indiana June 29, 1892 February 23, 1893

-

William F. Wharton Acting Massachusetts February 24, 1893 March 6, 1893

Grover Cleveland

33

Walter Q. Gresham Indiana March 7, 1893 May 28, 1895

Edwin F. Uhl Acting Michigan May 28, 1895 June 9, 1895

34

Richard Olney Massachusetts June 10, 1895 March 5, 1897

35

John Sherman Ohio March 6, 1897 April 27, 1898

William McKinley

36

William R. Day Ohio April 28, 1898 September 16, 1898

Alvey A. Adee Acting New York September 17, 1898 September 29, 1898

37

John Hay District of Columbia September 30, 1898 September 14, 1901

September 14, 1901 July 1, 1905

Theodore Roosevelt

Francis B. Loomis Acting Ohio July 1, 1905 July 18, 1905

38

Elihu Root New York July 19, 1905 January 27, 1909

39

Robert Bacon New York January 27, 1909 March 5, 1909

40

Philander C. Knox Pennsylvania March 6, 1909 March 5, 1913

William Howard Taft

41

William Jennings Bryan Nebraska March 5, 1913 June 9, 1915

Woodrow Wilson

42

Robert Lansing New York June 9, 1915 June 23, 1915

June 24, 1915 February 13, 1920

Frank Polk Acting New York February 14, 1920 March 12, 1920

43

Bainbridge Colby New York March 23, 1920 March 4, 1921

44

Charles Evans Hughes New York March 5, 1921 August 2, 1923

Warren G. Harding

August 2, 1923 March 4, 1925

Calvin Coolidge

45

Frank B. Kellogg Minnesota March 5, 1925 March 4, 1929

March 4, 1929 March 28, 1929

Herbert Hoover

46

Henry L. Stimson New York March 28, 1929 March 4, 1933

47

Cordell Hull Tennessee March 4, 1933 November 30, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt

48

Edward Stettinius Jr. Virginia December 1, 1944 April 12, 1945

April 12, 1945 June 27, 1945

Harry S. Truman

Joseph Grew Acting New Hampshire June 28, 1945 July 3, 1945

49

James F. Byrnes South Carolina July 3, 1945 January 21, 1947

50

George C. Marshall Pennsylvania January 21, 1947 January 20, 1949

51

Dean Acheson Connecticut January 21, 1949 January 20, 1953

Harrison F. Matthews Acting Maryland January 20, 1953 January 21, 1953

Dwight D. Eisenhower

52

John Foster Dulles New York January 21, 1953 April 22, 1959

53

Christian Herter Massachusetts April 22, 1959 January 20, 1961

Livingston T. Merchant Acting District of Columbia January 20, 1961 January 21, 1961

John F. Kennedy

54

Dean Rusk New York January 21, 1961 November 22, 1963

November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969

Lyndon B. Johnson

Charles E. Bohlen Acting District of Columbia January 20, 1969 January 22, 1969

Richard Nixon

55

William P. Rogers Maryland January 22, 1969 September 3, 1973

Kenneth Rush Acting Florida September 3, 1973 September 22, 1973

56

Henry Kissinger District of Columbia September 22, 1973 August 9, 1974

August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977

Gerald Ford

Philip Habib Acting California January 20, 1977 January 23, 1977

Jimmy Carter

57

Cyrus Vance West Virginia January 23, 1977 April 28, 1980

Warren Christopher Acting California April 28, 1980 May 2, 1980

David D. Newsom Acting May 2, 1980 May 3, 1980

Richard N. Cooper Acting May 3, 1980

David D. Newsom Acting May 3, 1980 May 4, 1980

Warren Christopher Acting California May 4, 1980 May 8, 1980

58

Edmund Muskie Maine May 8, 1980 January 20, 1981

59

Alexander Haig Connecticut January 22, 1981 July 5, 1982

Ronald Reagan

Walter J. Stoessel Jr. Acting California July 5, 1982 July 16, 1982

60

George P. Shultz California July 16, 1982 January 20, 1989

Michael Armacost Acting Maryland January 20, 1989 January 25, 1989

George H. W. Bush

61

James Baker Texas January 25, 1989 August 23, 1992

62

Lawrence Eagleburger Wisconsin August 23, 1992 December 8, 1992

December 8, 1992 January 19, 1993

Arnold Kanter Acting Virginia January 20, 1993

Bill Clinton

Frank G. Wisner Acting District of Columbia January 20, 1993

63

Warren Christopher California January 20, 1993 January 17, 1997

64

Madeleine Albright District of Columbia January 23, 1997 January 20, 2001

65

Colin Powell Virginia January 20, 2001 January 26, 2005

George W. Bush

66

Condoleezza Rice California January 26, 2005 January 20, 2009

William Joseph Burns Acting District of Columbia January 20, 2009 January 21, 2009

Barack Obama

67

Hillary Clinton New York January 21, 2009 February 1, 2013

68

John Kerry Massachusetts February 1, 2013 January 20, 2017

Tom Shannon Acting Minnesota January 20, 2017 February 1, 2017

Donald Trump

69

Rex Tillerson Texas February 1, 2017 Incumbent

LIST OF SECRETARIES OF STATE BY TIME IN OFFICE

11 years, 271 days Cordell Hull from 1933 to 1944

7 years, 364 days Dean Rusk from 1961 to 1969

7 years, 364 days William H. Seward from 1861 to 1869

43 days Lawrence Eagleburger from 1992 to 1993

37 days Robert Bacon in 1909

11 days Elihu B. Washburne in 1869

This is a LIST OF UNITED STATES SECRETARIES OF STATE BY TIME IN OFFICE. This is based on the difference between dates; if counted by number of calendar days all the figures would be one greater.

Cordell Hull is the only person to have served as Secretary of State for more than eight years. Daniel Webster and James G. Blaine are the only Secretaries of State to have ever served non-consecutive terms. Elihu B. Washburne served as Secretary of State for less than two weeks before becoming Ambassador to France .

# IN OFFICE SECRETARY Length of service (days) RANK

47 Hull, Cordell Cordell Hull 4289 1

54 Rusk, Dean Dean Rusk 2921 2

24 Seward, William H. William H. Seward 2921

8 Adams, John Quincy John Quincy Adams 2920 4

26 Fish, Hamilton Hamilton Fish 2917 5

5 Madison, James James Madison 2862 6

37 Hay, John John Hay 2465 7

13 Forsyth, JohnJohn Forsyth 2437 8

60 Shultz, George P. George P. Shultz 2380 9

52 Dulles, John Foster John Foster Dulles 2282 10

7 Monroe, James James Monroe 2011 11

42 Lansing, Robert Robert Lansing 1695 12

55 Rogers, William P. William P. Rogers 1685 13

14/19 Webster, Daniel Daniel Webster 1617 14

3 Pickering, Timothy Timothy Pickering 1614 15

45 Kellogg, Frank B. Frank B. Kellogg 1484 16

28/31 Blaine, James G. James G. Blaine 1472 17

67 Clinton, Hillary Hillary Clinton 1472

65 Powell, Colin Colin Powell 1467 19

51 Acheson, Dean Dean Acheson 1460 20

21 Marcy, William L. William L. Marcy 1460

30 Bayard Sr., Thomas F. Thomas F. Bayard Sr. 1460

40 Knox, Philander C. Philander C. Knox 1460

44 Hughes, Charles Evans Charles Evans Hughes 1460

63 Christopher, Warren Warren Christopher 1458 25

64 Albright, Madeleine Madeleine Albright 1458

17 Buchanan, James James Buchanan 1458

9 Clay, Henry Henry Clay 1457 28

27 Evarts, William M. William M. Evarts 1456 29

66 Rice, Condoleezza Condoleezza Rice 1455 30

68 Kerry, John John Kerry 1449 31

46 Stimson, Henry L. Henry L. Stimson 1437 32

1 Jefferson, Thomas Thomas Jefferson 1380 33

22 Cass, Lewis Lewis Cass 1379 34

61 Baker, James James Baker 1306 35

38 Root, Elihu Elihu Root 1288 36

56 Kissinger, Henry Henry Kissinger 1216 37

57 Vance, Cyrus Cyrus Vance 1191 38

29 Frelinghuysen, Frederick T.Frederick T. Frelinghuysen 1173 39

41 Bryan, William Jennings William Jennings Bryan 826 40

33 Gresham, Walter Q. Walter Q. Gresham 812 41

10 Van Buren, Martin Martin Van Buren 786 42

6 Smith, RobertRobert Smith 756 43

11 Livingston, Edward Edward Livingston 736 44

50 Marshall, George George Marshall 730 45

53 Herter, Christian Christian Herter 639 46

34 Olney, Richard Richard Olney 634 47

2 Randolph, Edmund Edmund Randolph 595 48

49 Byrnes, James F. James F. Byrnes 567 49

59 Haig, Alexander Alexander Haig 529 50

18 Clayton, John M. John M. Clayton 501 51

35 Sherman, John John Sherman 417 52

12 Maclane, Louis Louis McLane 397 53

43 Colby, Bainbridge Bainbridge Colby 346 54

16 Calhoun, John C. John C. Calhoun 343 55

4 Marshall, John John Marshall 264 56

58 Muskie, Edmund Edmund Muskie 257 57

32 Foster, John W. John W. Foster 239 58

15 Upshur, Abel P. Abel P. Upshur 219 59

48 Stettinius Jr., Edward Edward Stettinius Jr. 208 60

69 Tillerson, Rex Rex Tillerson 7002178000000000000♠178 61

36 Day, William R. William R. Day 141 62

20 Everett, Edward Edward Everett 117 63

23 Black, Jeremiah S. Jeremiah S. Black 78 64

62 Eagleburger, Lawrence Lawrence Eagleburger 43 65

39 Bacon, Robert Robert Bacon 37 66

25 Washburne, Elihu B. Elihu B. Washburne 11 67

LIVING FORMER SECRETARIES OF STATE

See also: List of living former members of the United States Cabinet

As of July 2017, there are eight living former Secretaries of State, the oldest being George P. Shultz (served 1982–1989, born 1920). The most recent Secretary of State to die was Lawrence Eagleburger (served 1992–1993, born 1930), on June 4, 2011.

* Living former Secretary of state

*

Henry Kissinger served 1973–1977, born May 27, 1923 (age 94) *

George P. Shultz served 1982–1989, born December 13, 1920 (age 96) *

James Baker served 1989–1992, born April 28, 1930 (age 87) *

Madeleine Albright served 1997–2001, born May 15, 1937 (age 80) *

Colin Powell served 2001–2005, born April 5, 1937 (age 80) *

Condoleezza Rice served 2005–2009, born November 14, 1954 (age 62) *

Hillary Clinton served 2009–2013, born October 26, 1947 (age 69) *

John Kerry served 2013–2017, born December 11, 1943 (age 73)

NOTES

* A As United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs until September 15, 1789 and United States Secretary of State until March 22, 1790, pending the return of Thomas Jefferson from France. * B As Secretary of War . * C As Attorney General . * D As Secretary of the Navy . * E In addition to the President listed, this Secretary of State served for a brief period of time (eight days or less) under that President's successor until a replacement could be named and confirmed. * F As Chief Clerk of the State Department . * G As Assistant Secretary of State . * H As Second Assistant Secretary of State . * I As Under Secretary of State . * J As Deputy Under Secretary of State. * K As Deputy Secretary of State . * L As Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs . * M Became President of the United States . * N As Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs . * O As Under Secretary of State for International Security Affairs .

REFERENCES

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to SECRETARIES OF STATE OF THE UNITED STATES _.

* ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Henry A. (Heinz Alfred) Kissinger (1923–)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Cyrus Roberts Vance (1917–2002)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Allexperts.com – Secretary of State * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Edmund Sixtus Muskie (1914–1996)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Alexander Meigs Haig Jr. (1924–2010)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: George Pratt Shultz (1920–)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: James Addison Baker III (1930–)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger (1930–2011)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. Served as Acting Secretary of State, Aug 23-Dec 8, 1992. * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger (1930–2011)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ _A_ _B_ Clinton Rounds Out State Dept. Team * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Warren Minor Christopher (1925–2011)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Madeleine Korbel Albright (1937–)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Colin Luther Powell (1937–)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Condoleezza Rice (1954–)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Condoleezza Rice (1954–)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. Under Secretary for Political Affairs William J. Burns served as Acting Secretary of State, January 20-21, 2009. * ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Hillary Rodham Clinton (1947–)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ "John Forbes Kerry (1943–)". _U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian_. * ^ http://www.voanews.com/a/career-diplomat-acting-secretary-state-donald-trump-administration/3683852.html * ^ http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wireStory/day-inauguration-state-department-lacks-interim-boss-44878550 * ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-kerry-tillerson-idUSKBN1532UA

* v * t * e

United States Secretaries of State

Secretary of Foreign Affairs 1781–89

* R. Livingston * Jay

Secretary of State 1789–present

* Jefferson * Randolph * Pickering * J. Marshall * Madison * Smith * Monroe * Adams * Clay * Van Buren * E. Livingston * McLane * Forsyth * Webster * Upshur * Calhoun * Buchanan * Clayton * Webster * Everett * Marcy * Cass * Black * Seward * Washburne * Fish * Evarts * Blaine * Frelinghuysen * Bayard * Blaine * Foster * Gresham * Olney * Sherman * Day * Hay * Root * Bacon * Knox * Bryan * Lansing * Colby * Hughes * Kellogg * Stimson * Hull * Stettinius * Byrnes * G. Marshall * Acheson * Dulles * Herter * Rusk * Rogers * Kissinger * Vance * Muskie * Haig * Shultz * Baker * Eagleburger * Christopher * Albright * Powell * Rice (tenure ) * Clinton (tenure ) * Kerry (tenure ) * Tillerson

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