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The Info List - List Of Religions And Spiritual Traditions



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Religion is a collection of cultural systems , beliefs and world views that establishes symbols that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes to moral values. While religion is hard to define, one standard model of religion, used in religious studies courses, was proposed by Clifford Geertz , who simply called it a "cultural system." A critique of Geertz's model by Talal Asad categorized religion as "an anthropological category." Many religions have narratives , symbols , traditions and sacred histories that are intended to give meaning to life or to explain the origin of life or the universe. They tend to derive morality , ethics , religious laws , or a preferred lifestyle from their ideas about the cosmos and human nature . According to some estimates, there are roughly 4,200 religions in the world.

The word _religion_ is sometimes used interchangeably with "faith " or "belief system", but religion differs from private belief in that it has a public aspect. Most religions have organized behaviours , including clerical hierarchies , a definition of what constitutes adherence or membership, congregations of laity , regular meetings or services for the purposes of veneration of a deity or for prayer , holy places (either natural or architectural) or religious texts . Certain religions also have a sacred language often used in liturgical services. The practice of a religion may also include sermons , commemoration of the activities of a god or gods, sacrifices , festivals , feasts , trance , initiations , funerals , marriages , meditation , music , art , dance , public service or other aspects of human culture. Religious beliefs have also been used to explain parapsychological phenomena such as out-of-body experiences , near-death experiences and reincarnation , along with many other paranormal experiences.

Some academics studying the subject have divided religions into three broad categories: world religions , a term which refers to transcultural , international faiths; indigenous religions , which refers to smaller, culture-specific or nation-specific religious groups; and new religious movements , which refers to recently developed faiths. One modern academic theory of religion, social constructionism , says that religion is a modern concept that suggests all spiritual practice and worship follows a model similar to the Abrahamic religions as an orientation system that helps to interpret reality and define human beings, and thus religion, as a concept, has been applied inappropriately to non-Western cultures that are not based upon such systems, or in which these systems are a substantially simpler construct.

CONTENTS

* 1 Abrahamic religions

* 1.1 Bábism * 1.2 Bahá\'í Faith

* 1.3 Christianity

* 1.3.1 Other Christian * 1.3.2 No-longer-extant Christian groups

* 1.4 Gnosticism * 1.5 Islam * 1.6 Druze * 1.7 Judaism and related religions * 1.8 Black Hebrew Israelites * 1.9 Rastafari movement * 1.10 Mandaeans and Sabians * 1.11 Shabakism

* 2 Indian religions

* 2.1 Bhakti movement * 2.2 Buddhism * 2.3 Din-e Ilahi * 2.4 Hinduism * 2.5 Jainism * 2.6 Meivazhi * 2.7 Sikhism

* 3 Iranian religions

* 3.1 Zoroastrianism * 3.2 Gnostic religions * 3.3 Bábí movement * 3.4 Yazdânism

* 4 East Asian religions

* 4.1 Confucianism

* 4.2 Shinto

* 4.2.1 Shinto-inspired religions

* 4.3 Taoism

* 4.3.1 Contemporary Taoism-inspired religions

* 4.4 Other

* 4.4.1 Chinese * 4.4.2 Korean * 4.4.3 Vietnamese

* 5 African diasporic religions * 6 Mesoamerican religions

* 7 Indigenous traditional religions

* 7.1 African * 7.2 American * 7.3 Eurasian

* 7.4 Oceania/Pacific

* 7.4.1 Cargo cults

* 8 Historical polytheism

* 8.1 Ancient Near Eastern

* 8.2 Indo-European

* 8.2.1 Hellenistic

* 8.3 Uralic

* 9 Mysticism and occult

* 9.1 Esotericism and mysticism

* 9.1.1 Western mystery tradition

* 9.2 Occult and magic

* 10 Modern Paganism

* 10.1 Syncretic * 10.2 Ethnic

* 11 New religious movements

* 11.1 Race-based

* 11.1.1 Black * 11.1.2 White * 11.1.3 Native American

* 11.2 New Thought * 11.3 Shinshukyo

* 12 Left-hand path religions * 13 Post-theistic and naturalistic religions * 14 Others * 15 Parody or mock religions * 16 Fictional religions

* 17 Other categorisations

* 17.1 By demographics * 17.2 By area

* 18 See also * 19 References * 20 External links

ABRAHAMIC RELIGIONS

Main article: Abrahamic religions

A group of monotheistic traditions sometimes grouped with one another for comparative purposes, because all refer to a patriarch named Abraham .

BáBISM

Main article: Bábism

* Azali

BAHá\'í FAITH

Main article: Bahá\'í Faith See also: Bahá\'í divisions

* Bahá\'ís Under the Provisions of the Covenant * Orthodox Bahá\'í Faith

CHRISTIANITY

Main article: Christianity See also: List of Christian denominations Western Christianity Main article: Roman Catholic Church Main article: Protestantism

* Anabaptists (Radical Protestants )

* Amish * Hutterites * Mennonites * River Brethren * Schwarzenau Brethren * Shakers

* Anglicanism

* Anglo-Catholicism * Broad church * Continuing Anglican movement * English Dissenters (also Nonconformists ) * High church * Low church * Open Evangelicals * Puritans

* Baptists

* General Baptists (also Free Will Baptists ) * Landmarkism * Missionary Baptists * Primitive Baptists * Strict Baptists (also Reformed Baptists )

* Black church

* Black theology

* Christian deism and Christian atheism * Confessing Movement

* Evangelicalism

* Charismatic movement * Dispensationalist Christian Zionism * Emerging church * Neo-charismatic movement * Neo- Evangelicalism

* Plymouth Brethren

* Exclusive Brethren * Open Brethren

* Progressive Christianity * Protestant fundamentalism

* Jesuism

* Lutheranism

* Pietism

* Methodism

* Calvinistic Methodists

* Holiness movement

* Church of the Nazarene

* The Salvation Army * Wesleyanism

* Pentecostalism

* Church of God * Latter Rain movement * Word of Faith

* Proto-Protestant groups:

* Hussites

* Moravians

* Lollardy * Waldensians

* Reformed churches

* Amyraldism (called "four-point Calvinism")

* Arminianism

* Remonstrants

* Calvinism * Christian Reconstructionism * Congregational churches * Continental Reformed churches : such as the Swiss Reformed , Dutch Reformed , and French Huguenot churches * Neo- Calvinism * Presbyterianism * Quakers ("Friends") * Zwinglianism

* Restoration movement

* Adventism

* Branch Davidians * Seventh-day Adventist Church

* Christadelphians * Christian Science * Churches of Christ * Iglesia ni Cristo * Jehovah\'s Witnesses

* Latter Day Saint movement

* Mormon fundamentalism

* Millerism * Stone-Campbell movement (called "Campbellites")

* Roman Catholic Church (called Roman Catholicism or "Catholicism"; subsisting predominantly in the Latin Church )

* Affirming Catholicism * Breakaway Catholics * Charismatic Catholics * Hebrew Catholics

* Independent Catholic churches

* Old Catholic Church ( Union of Utrecht )

* Polish National Catholic Church

* Liberal Catholicism * Liberation theology (Latin American Neo-Marxist Catholicism ) * Modernist Catholics

* Traditionalist Catholics

* Sedevacantism

* Unitarianism

* Western esotericism

* Behmenism * Christian Kabbalah * Martinism * Rosicrucianism * Swedenborgianism (or "The New Church")

Eastern Christianity

* Church of the East (called " Nestorian ")

* Ancient Church of the East * Assyrian Church of the East * Chaldean Catholic Church

* Eastern Catholic Churches : In full communion with and subject to the Catholic Communion and Roman Church, but retaining a diverse array of Eastern Christian liturgical rites; including the Maronites and Byzantine Catholics . * Oriental Orthodox Churches (called Non-Chalcedonian or miaphysite /"monophysite "): Includes the Armenian Apostolic , Coptic , Syrian Orthodox , Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox Churches , as well as a portion of the St. Thomas Christians in India.

* Orthodox Catholic Church (called "Eastern Orthodoxy" or Orthodoxy): Includes the Greek Orthodox , Serbian Orthodox , Russian Orthodox , Romanian Orthodox , Bulgarian Orthodox , Georgian Orthodox , and several other autocephalous and autonomous Churches.

* Greek Old Calendarists (called "Genuine Orthodox" or "True Orthodox ")

* Russian Old Believers (or "Old Ritualists")

* Bezpopovtsy * Popovtsy

* Spiritual Christianity

* Doukhobor * Molokan

Other Christian

Certain Christian groups are difficult to classify as "Eastern" or "Western."

* Christian Gnosticism * Christian Universalism * Nontrinitarianism * Messianic Judaism * Rastafari * Unification Church * Eastern Lightning

No-longer-extant Christian Groups

* Arianism * Ebionites * Marcionism

GNOSTICISM

Many Gnostic groups were closely related to early Christianity, for example, Valentinism . Irenaeus wrote polemics against them from the standpoint of the then-unified Catholic Church. Main article: Gnosticism See also: List of Gnostic sects

* Bosnian Church (no longer extant) * Cerdonians (no longer extant) * Colarbasians (no longer extant) * Simonians (no longer extant) * Bogomilism (no longer extant) * Catharism (no longer extant)

The Yazidis are a syncretic Kurdish religion with a Gnostic influence:

* Yazidis

Persian Gnosticism

* Mandaeism * Manichaeism (no longer extant) * Bagnolians (no longer extant)

Syrian-Egyptic Gnosticism

None of these religions are still extant. Main article: Syrian-Egyptic Gnosticism

* Sethianism

* Basilideans

* Valentinianism

* Bardaisan#Bardesanite school

Neo-Gnostic Groups

* Ecclesia Gnostica * Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica

ISLAM

Main article: Islam See also: Islamic schools and branches Kalam (philosophical schools) Main article: Ilm al-Kalam

* Murji\'ah * Mu\'tazila

Kharijite Main article: Khawarij

* Azraqi * Haruriyyah * Ibadi (only surviving sect) * Sufri

Shia Islam Main article: Shia Islam

* Bektashi Order

* Isma\'ilism

* Mustaali / Dawoodi Bohra * Nizari

* Ja\'fari jurisprudence

* Twelver

* Akhbari * Shaykhism * Usuli

* Alawites * Alevism / Bektashi Order

* Ni\'matullāhī * Zaidiyyah

Sufism Main article: Sufism

* Chishti Order * Mevlevi Order

* Naqshbandi

* Jahriyya * Khufiyya

* Qadiriyya * Suhrawardiyya * Tariqa * Tijaniyyah

Recent Sufi groups

* Sufi Order International * Sufism Reoriented

* Universal Sufism

* Dances of Universal Peace

Sunni Islam Main article: Sunni Islam

* Hanafi

* Ash\'ari * Barelvi * Maturidi

* Hanbali * Maliki * Shafi\'i * Wahhabism

Universalist movements

* Xidaotang

Restorationism Main article: Islamism

* Ahl al-Hadith

* Ghair Muqallidism

* Deobandi * Yihewani

* Muwahhidism * Salafi movement * Wahhabism

Quranism Main article: Quranism

* Quranism * Tolu-e- Islam * United Submitters International

Black Muslims Main article: Black Muslims (other)

* American Society of Muslims * Five-Percent Nation * Moorish Orthodox Church of America * Moorish Science Temple of America * Nation of Islam * United Nation of Islam

Ahmadiyya Main article: Ahmadiyya

* Ahmadiyya Muslim Community * Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam

Other Islamic groups

* Al-Fatiha Foundation * Canadian Muslim Union * European Islam * Ittifaq al-Muslimin * Jadid * Jamaat al Muslimeen * Liberal movements within Islam * Mahdavia * Muslim Canadian Congress * Progressive British Muslims * Progressive Muslim Union

* Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi

* Messiah Foundation International

* Yarsanism

Sufi and Shia Sects

* Alevism * Bektashi Order * Moorish Orthodox Church of America

DRUZE

Orchonid Druze (in Lebanon, Syria, Israel...)

Dyayummar Druze (in Lebanon only)

Messaite Druze (possibly in any place) Main article: Druze

JUDAISM AND RELATED RELIGIONS

Main article: Judaism See also: Jewish religious movements Rabbinic Judaism Main article: Rabbinic Judaism

* Conservative (Masorti) Judaism * Humanistic Judaism (not always identified as a religion) * Jewish Renewal

* Orthodox Judaism

* Haredi Judaism * Hasidic Judaism * Modern Orthodox Judaism

* Reconstructionist Judaism * Reform Judaism

Karaite Judaism Main article: Karaite Judaism Samaritanism Main article: Samaritans

Samaritans use a slightly different version of the Pentateuch as their Torah, worshiping at Mount Gerizim instead of Jerusalem , and are possibly the descendants of the lost Northern Kingdom. They are definitely of ancient Israelite origin, but their status as Jews is disputed. Falasha or Beta Israel Noahidism Main article: Noahidism

Noahidism is a monotheistic ideology based on the Seven Laws of Noah , and on their traditional interpretations within Rabbinic Judaism . According to Jewish law , non-Jews are not obligated to convert to Judaism , but they are required to observe the Seven Laws of Noah. Historical groups

Second Temple Judaism

* Essenes * Pharisees (ancestor of Rabbinic Judaism) * Sadducees (possible ancestor of Karaite Judaism)

* Zealots (Judea)

* Sicarii

* Sects that believed Jesus was a prophet

* Ebionites * Elcesaites * Nazarenes

* Sabbateans

* Frankism

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES

Main article: Black Hebrew Israelites

RASTAFARI MOVEMENT

Main article: Rastafari movement

MANDAEANS AND SABIANS

Main articles: Mandaeism and Sabians

* Mandaeism

* Sabians

* Mandaean Nasaraean Sabeans * Sabians of Harran

SHABAKISM

Main article: Shabak people § Religious beliefs

INDIAN RELIGIONS

Main article: Indian religions

Indian religions are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent ; namely Hinduism , Jainism , Buddhism and Sikhism , and religions and traditions related to, and descended from them.

BHAKTI MOVEMENT

Main article: Bhakti movement

* Kabir Panth * Ravidassia

* Sant Mat

* Divine Light Mission * Eckankar

* Radhasoami

* Radha Soami Satsang Beas * Radha Swami Satsang, Dinod

BUDDHISM

Main article: Schools of Buddhism

* Nikaya schools (which have historically been incorrectly called Hinayana in the West)

* Buddha-nature

* Daśabhūmikā (absorbed into Huayan)

* Huayan school (Avataṃsaka)

* Hwaeom * Kegon

* Humanistic Buddhism

* Madhyamaka

* East Asian Mādhyamaka (Three Treatise school) * Jonang * Prasaṅgika * Svatantrika

* Nichiren Buddhism

* Nichiren Shōshū * Nichiren Shū * Soka Gakkai

* Pure Land Buddhism

* Jōdo Shinshū * Jōdo-shū

* Theravada

* Bangladeshi Sangharaj Nikaya * Bangladeshi Mahasthabir Nikaya * Burmese Dwara Nikaya * Burmese Shwegyin Nikaya

* Burmese Thudhamma Nikaya

* Vipassana tradition of Mahasi Sayadaw and disciples

* Sri Lankan Amarapura Nikaya * Sri Lankan Ramañña Nikaya * Sri Lankan Siam Nikaya

* Thai Dhammayuttika Nikaya

* Thai Forest Tradition

* Tradition of Ajahn Chah

* Thai Maha Nikaya

* Dhammakaya Movement

* Vipassana movement

* Mahayana

* Tiantai

* Tendai * Cheontae

* Yogācāra

* East Asian Yogācāra

* Chan Buddhism

* Caodong school

* Zen

* Sōtō

* Keizan line * Jakuen line * Giin line

* Linji school

* Rinzai school * Ōbaku * Fuke-shū * Won Buddhism

* Kwan Um School of Zen * Sanbo Kyodan

* Vajrayana

* Shingon Buddhism

* Tibetan Buddhism

* Bon * Gelug

* Kagyu

* Dagpo Kagyu

* Karma Kagyu * Barom Kagyu * Drukpa Lineage

* Shangpa Kagyu

* Nyingma * Sakya * Jonang * Bodongpa

* Navayana

* Dalit Buddhist movement

* New Buddhist movements

* Shambhala Buddhism * Diamond Way Buddhism * Triratna Buddhist Community * New Kadampa Tradition * Share International

* True Buddha School

* Nipponzan-Myōhōji-Daisanga

* Hòa Hảo

* Global variants of Buddhism

* Buddhism in the United States

DIN-E ILAHI

* Din-e Ilahi

HINDUISM

Main article: Hinduism See also: Hindu denominations

* Ayyavazhi (sometimes classified as an independent religion) * Lingayatism * Shaivism * Shaktism * Shrauta * Smartism * Swaminarayan

* Tantrism

* Ananda Marga

* Vaishnavism

* Brahma Sampradaya

* Gaudiya Vaishnavism

* International Society for Krishna Consciousness

* Sri Vaishnavism * Rudra Sampradaya * Nimbarka Sampradaya * Varkari Sampradaya

* Hindu reform movements

* Arya Samaj * Brahmo Samaj * Ramakrishna Mission * Satsang of Thakur Anukulchandra * Satya Dharma * Matua Mahasangha

* The Osho or Rajneesh movement

Major schools and movements of Hindu philosophy Main article: Hindu philosophy

* Nyaya * Purva mimamsa * Samkhya * Vaisheshika

* Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa)

* Advaita Vedanta * Integral Yoga * Dvaita Vedanta * Vishishtadvaita

* Yoga

* Ashtanga Yoga * Bhakti yoga * Jnana yoga * Karma yoga * Kundalini yoga * Hatha yoga * Raja yoga * Sahaja Yoga * Siddha Yoga * Surat Shabd Yoga * Tantric Yoga

JAINISM

Main article: Jainism

* Digambara

* Bispanthi * Digambar Terapanth * Kanji Panth * Panth of Kanji Swami

* Śvētāmbara

* Murtipujaka (Deravasi) * Sthānakavāsī * Svetambar Terapanth

MEIVAZHI

* Meivazhi

SIKHISM

Main article: Sikhism

* Khalsa

* Nihang

* Namdhari ("Kuka Sikhs") * Ravidassia religion * Sahajdhari

IRANIAN RELIGIONS

Main article: Iranian religions

ZOROASTRIANISM

Main article: Zoroastrianism

* Behafaridians * Mazdakism * Zurvanism * Khurramites (syncretism with Shi'a Islam)

GNOSTIC RELIGIONS

* Mandaeism * Manichaeism * Mithraism

BáBí MOVEMENT

* Azali * Bábism * Bahá\'í Faith

YAZDâNISM

Main article: Yazdânism

* Alevi (this is contested; most Alevi consider themselves to be Shia or Sufi Muslims, but a minority adhere to the Yazdani interpretation) * Yarsani * Yazidi

EAST ASIAN RELIGIONS

Main article: East Asian religions

CONFUCIANISM

Main article: Confucianism

* Neo- Confucianism * New Confucianism

SHINTO

Main articles: Shinto and Shinto sects and schools

* Koshintō * Shugendō * Yoshida Shintō

Shinto-inspired Religions

* Konkokyo * Oomoto * Seicho-no-Ie * Shinmeiaishinkai * Tenrikyo * Zenrinkyo

TAOISM

Main article: Taoism

* Way of the Five Pecks of Rice

* Way of the Celestial Masters

* Zhengyi Dao ("Way of the Right Oneness")

* _ Taipingjing _-based movements * Shangqing School ("School of the Highest Clarity") * Lingbao School ("School of the Numinous Treasure")

* Quanzhen School ("Way of the Fulfilled Virtue")

* Dragon Gate Taoism

* Wuliupai ("School of Wu-Liu") * Yao Taoism (Meishanism) * Faism (Redhead Taoism) * Xuanxue (Neo-Taoism)

Contemporary Taoism-inspired Religions

* Yiguandao * Dudeism (The Church of the Latter-Day Dude) * Zenarchy ( Kerry Wendell Thornley )

OTHER

Chinese

* Chan Buddhism * Chinese folk religion * Falun Gong * Yiguandao (I Kuan-Tao) * Mohism * Xiantiandao

Korean

* Cheondoism * Daejongism * Daesun Jinrihoe * Gasin faith * Jeung San Do * Juche * Korean shamanism * Won Buddhism * Suwunism

Vietnamese

* Cao Đài * Đạo Bửu Sơn Kỳ Hương * Đạo Dừa

AFRICAN DIASPORIC RELIGIONS

See also: African diasporic religions

African diasporic religions are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas among African slaves and their descendants in various countries of the Caribbean Islands and Latin America, as well as parts of the southern United States. They derive from African traditional religions , especially of West and Central Africa, showing similarities to the Yoruba religion in particular.

* Batuque * Candomblé * Dahomey mythology * Haitian mythology * Kumina * Macumba * Mami Wata * Obeah * Oyotunji * Palo * Ifa * Lucumi * Hudu * Quimbanda * Santería (Lukumi) * Umbanda * Vodou

MESOAMERICAN RELIGIONS

Main article: Mesoamerican religion

* Aztec religion * Maya religion * Mixtec religion * Olmec religion * Purepecha religion * Totonac religion * Zapotec religion

INDIGENOUS TRADITIONAL RELIGIONS

See also: Paganism and Folk religion

Traditionally, these faiths have all been classified "Pagan", but scholars prefer the terms "indigenous/primal/folk/ethnic religions".

AFRICAN

Main article: African traditional religions Northern Africa

* Berber religion

West Africa

* Akan religion

* Ashanti mythology (Ghana)

* Dahomey (Fon) religion * Bori ( Hausa people ) * Efik mythology (Nigeria, Cameroon) * Serer religion * Odinani (Nigeria, Cameroon) * Isoko mythology (Nigeria) * Yoruba religion (Nigeria, Benin) * Ifa Afa Fa

Central Africa

* Bushongo mythology (Congo) * Bambuti (Pygmy) mythology (Congo) * Lugbara religion (Congo)

East Africa

* Akamba mythology (East Kenya) * Dinka religion (Sudan) * Lotuko mythology (Sudan) * Masai mythology (Kenya, Tanzania) * Malagasy mythology * Oromo religion

Southern Africa

* Badimo ( Botswana ) * Khoisan religion * Lozi mythology (Zambia) * Tumbuka mythology (Malawi) * Zulu religion (South Africa)

AMERICAN

Main article: Native American mythology North American

* Abenaki mythology * Anishinaabe * Blackfoot mythology * Cherokee mythology * Chickasaw mythology * Choctaw mythology * Creek mythology * Crow mythology * Haida mythology * Ho-Chunk mythology (aka: Winnebago) * Hopi mythology * Inuit mythology * Iroquois mythology * Keetoowah Nighthawk Society * Kuksu * Kwakiutl mythology * Lakota mythology * Leni Lenape mythology * Longhouse religion * Midewiwin * Miwok * Navajo mythology * Nootka mythology * Ohlone mythology * Pomo mythology * Pawnee mythology * Salish mythology * Selk\'nam religion * Seneca mythology * Southeastern Ceremonial Complex * Sun Dance * Tsimshian mythology * Urarina * Ute mythology * Wyandot religion * Zuni mythology

South American

* Guarani mythology * Inca mythology * Mapuche religion * Muisca religion and Muisca mythology

EURASIAN

Asian

* Bathouism * Benzhuism (indigenous religion of the Bai people ) * Bimoism (indigenous religion of the Yi people ) * Bon * Chinese mythology * Japanese mythology * Korean shamanism * Manchu shamanism * Mun (Lepcha ) * Pemena ( Karo people (Indonesia) ) * Shamanism in Siberia * Tengrism * Ua Dab (indigenous religion of the Hmong people ) * Vietnamese folk religion

European

* Estonian mythology * Shamanism among Eskimo peoples * Finnish mythology and Finnish paganism * Shamanistic remnants in Hungarian folklore * Sami shamanism

OCEANIA/PACIFIC

* Australian Aboriginal mythology ( Dreamtime )

* Austronesian beliefs

* Indonesian mythology

* Aluk Todolo (indigenous religion of the Toraja people) * Balinese mythology * Kaharingan (indigenous religion of the Dayak people ) * Javanese beliefs * Marapu (indigenous religion of the Sumba people ) * Parmalim (indigenous religion of the Batak people) * Sunda Wiwitan (indigenous religion of the Sundanese people )

* Melanesian mythology

* Micronesian mythology

* Modekngei * Nauruan indigenous religion

* Philippine mythology

* Anito * Gabâ * Kulam * Tagalog indigenous religion

* Polynesian mythology

* Cook Islands mythology * Hawaiian mythology

* Māori mythology

* Māori religion

* Pai Mārire * Rātana * Ringatū

* Rapa Nui mythology

* Moai * Tangata manu

Cargo Cults

Main article: Cargo cults

* John Frum * Johnson cult * Prince Philip Movement * Vailala Madness

HISTORICAL POLYTHEISM

Further information: Prehistoric religion and History of religion

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN

Main article: Ancient Near Eastern religions

* Ancient Egyptian religion

* Atenism

* Ancient Mesopotamian religion

* Babylonian and Assyrian religion

* Babylonian mythology * Chaldean mythology

* Sumerian mythology

* Ancient Semitic religions

* Canaanite mythology and religion

* Religion in Carthage

* Religion in pre-Islamic Arabia

* Nabataean religion

INDO-EUROPEAN

Main article: Proto-Indo-European religion

* Proto-Indo-Iranian religion

* Historical Vedic religion * Iranian mythology

* Armenian mythology * Baltic polytheism * Celtic polytheism

* Germanic paganism

* Anglo-Saxon paganism * Continental Germanic mythology * Norse religion

* Greek polytheism * Hittite mythology * Persian mythology * Religion in ancient Rome * Slavic mythology

Hellenistic

Main article: Hellenistic religion

* Mystery religions

* Eleusinian Mysteries * Mithraic mysteries * Orphism

* Pythagoreanism * Gallo-Roman religion

URALIC

* Estonian polytheism * Finnish polytheism * Hungarian polytheism

MYSTICISM AND OCCULT

ESOTERICISM AND MYSTICISM

Main articles: Esotericism and Mysticism

* Anthroposophy * Buddhist esoteric tradition

* Hindu mysticism

* Tantra

* Kabbalah

* Christian Kabbalah

* Neoplatonism

* Pythagoreanism

* Neopythagoreanism

* Sufism * Theosophy

Western Mystery Tradition

See also: Esoteric Christianity , Christian mysticism , Jewish mysticism , and Islamic mysticism

* Archeosophical Society * Behmenism * Builders of the Adytum * Fraternitas Saturni * Fraternity of the Inner Light

* Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn

* The Open Source Order of the Golden Dawn

* Hermeticism * Martinism * Ordo Aurum Solis

* Rosicrucian

* Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis * Rosicrucian Fellowship

* Servants of the Light

* Thelema

* A∴A∴ * Ordo Templi Orientis * Typhonian Order

OCCULT AND MAGIC

Main articles: Occult § Occultism , and Magic (paranormal)

* Alchemy

* Ceremonial magic

* Enochian magic * Goetia

* Chaos magic

* Illuminates of Thanateros * Thee Temple ov Psychick Youth

* Hoodoo (folk magic) (_Rootwork_)

* Louisiana Voodoo

* Kulam - Filipino witchcraft * Pow-wow (folk magic) * Magick (Thelema) * Contemporary witchcraft

MODERN PAGANISM

Main article: Modern paganism See also: List of Neopagan movements

SYNCRETIC

* Adonism * Church of All Worlds * Church of Aphrodite * Feraferia * Koshintō

* Neo-Druidism

* Ár nDraíocht Féin * Order of Bards, Ovates, and Druids * Reformed Druids of North America

* Neoshamanism * Neo-völkisch movements * Technopaganism

* Wicca

* British Traditional Wicca

* Gardnerian Wicca * Alexandrian Wicca * Central Valley Wicca * Algard Wicca * Chthonioi Alexandrian Wicca * Blue Star Wicca

* Seax-Wica * Universal Eclectic Wicca * Celtic Wicca * Dianic Wicca * Faery Wicca * Feri Tradition * Georgian Wicca * Odyssean Wicca

* Wiccan church

* Covenant of the Goddess

ETHNIC

See also: Ethnic religion

* Armenian neopaganism * Baltic neopaganism * Celtic neopaganism * Dievturība * Estonian neopaganism * Finnish neopaganism * Germanic neopaganism * Hellenism (religion) * Italo-Roman neopaganism * Kemetism * Mari native religion * Odinism * Romuva (religion) * Semitic neopaganism * Slavic neopaganism * Wotanism * Zalmoxianism

NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

Main article: List of new religious movements

* Eckankar * Unitarian Universalism * Huna * Raëlism * Scientology

RACE-BASED

See also: Ethnic religion

Black

* Ausar Auset Society * Black Hebrew Israelites * Dini Ya Msambwa * Mumboism * Nation of Gods and Earths * Nation of Islam * Nuwaubian Nation * Moorish Orthodox Church of America * Moorish Science Temple of America * Rastafari

White

* Ariosophy * Black Order (Satanist group) * Creativity * Order of Nine Angles * Thule Society * Wotansvolk

Native American

* Ghost Dance * Indian Shaker Church * Native American Church

NEW THOUGHT

Main article: New Thought

* Christian Science * Church of Divine Science * Church Universal and Triumphant * Religious Science * Unity Church * Jewish Science * Seicho-no-Ie

SHINSHUKYO

Main article: Japanese new religions

* Church of World Messianity * Happy Science * Konkokyo * Oomoto * PL Kyodan * Seicho-no-Ie * Tenrikyo

LEFT-HAND PATH RELIGIONS

Main article: Left-hand path and right-hand path

* Demonolatry * Luciferianism

* Satanism

* LaVeyan Satanism

* Theistic Satanism

* Our Lady of Endor Coven (or Ophite Cultus Satanas)

* Temple of Set

POST-THEISTIC AND NATURALISTIC RELIGIONS

* Discordianism * Ethical movement * Creativity (religion)

* Freethought

* North Texas Church of Freethought

* Jediism * Moorish Orthodox Church of America

* Naturalistic pantheism

* World Pantheist Movement

* Religion of Humanity * Syntheism

OTHERS

* The Circle of Reason * Cult of Reason (1792-1794) * Cult of the Supreme Being * Deism * Fourth Way * God-Building * Goddess movement * Humanism * Open-source religion * Spiritism (Spiritualism) * Subud * Universal Life Church

PARODY OR MOCK RELIGIONS

* Church of Euthanasia * The Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster * Church of the SubGenius * Dinkoism * Dudeism * Iglesia Maradoniana * Invisible Pink Unicorn * Kibology * Kopimism * Landover Baptist Church * Last Thursdayism * The Satanic Temple * Cult of Kek

FICTIONAL RELIGIONS

Main article: List of fictional religions

OTHER CATEGORISATIONS

BY DEMOGRAPHICS

Main article: Religious demographics

* List of religious populations

BY AREA

Further information: Religion geography

* Religion in Africa * Religion in Asia * Religion in Australia * Religion in Europe * Religion in North America * List of religions and spiritual traditions of Oceania/Pacific * Religion in South America

* Religion by country

* List of state-established religions * Buddhism by country

* Christianity by country

* Roman Catholicism by country * Protestantism by country

* Hinduism by country

* Islam by country

* Ahmadiyya by country

* Judaism by country , Jewish population * Sikhism by country

SEE ALSO

* Civil religion * List of Catholic rites and churches * List of religious organizations * Lists of people by belief * Mythology * Religious fundamentalism * Shamanism * Totemism * Western esotericism

REFERENCES

* ^ (Clifford Geertz, _ Religion as a Cultural System_, 1973) * ^ (Talal Asad, _The Construction of Religion as an Anthropological Category_, 1982.) * ^ "World Religions Religion Statistics Geography Church Statistics". Retrieved 5 March 2015. * ^ http://www.parapsych.org/base/about.aspx * ^ "Key Facts about Near-Death Experiences". Retrieved 5 March 2015. * ^ Harvey, Graham (2000). _Indigenous Religions: A Companion_. (Ed: Graham Harvey). London and New York: Cassell. Page 06. * ^ Vergote, Antoine, _Religion, belief and unbelief: a psychological study_, Leuven University Press, 1997, p. 89 * ^ " Irenaeus of Lyons". Retrieved 5 March 2015. * ^ "Samaritans". Retrieved 5 March 2015. * ^ Melton, J. Gordon (2003). _Encyclopedia of American Religions_ (Seventh edition). Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group, Inc., p. 1112. ISBN 0-7876-6384-0 * ^ Melton, J. Gordon (2003). _Encyclopedia of American Religions_ (Seventh edition). Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group, Inc., p. 1001. ISBN 0-7876-6384-0 * ^ Melton, J. Gordon (