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The Info List - List Of Religions And Spiritual Traditions


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Religion
Religion
is a collection of cultural systems, beliefs and world views that establishes symbols that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes, to moral values. While religion is hard to define, one standard model of religion, used in religious studies courses, was proposed by Clifford Geertz, who simply called it a "cultural system."[1] A critique of Geertz's model by Talal Asad categorized religion as "an anthropological category."[2] Many religions have narratives, symbols, traditions and sacred histories that are intended to give meaning to life or to explain the origin of life or the universe. They tend to derive morality, ethics, religious laws, or a preferred lifestyle from their ideas about the cosmos and human nature. According to some estimates, there are roughly 4,200 religions in the world.[3] The word religion is sometimes used interchangeably with "faith" or "belief system", but religion differs from private belief in that it has a public aspect. Most religions have organized behaviours, including clerical hierarchies, a definition of what constitutes adherence or membership, congregations of laity, regular meetings or services for the purposes of veneration of a deity or for prayer, holy places (either natural or architectural) or religious texts. Certain religions also have a sacred language often used in liturgical services. The practice of a religion may also include sermons, commemoration of the activities of a god or gods, sacrifices, festivals, feasts, trance, initiations, funerals, marriages, meditation, music, art, dance, public service or other aspects of human culture. Religious beliefs have also been used to explain parapsychological phenomena such as out-of-body experiences, near-death experiences and reincarnation, along with many other paranormal experiences.[4][5] Some academics studying the subject have divided religions into three broad categories: world religions, a term which refers to transcultural, international faiths; indigenous religions, which refers to smaller, culture-specific or nation-specific religious groups; and new religious movements, which refers to recently developed faiths.[6] One modern academic theory of religion, social constructionism, says that religion is a modern concept that suggests all spiritual practice and worship follows a model similar to the Abrahamic religions
Abrahamic religions
as an orientation system that helps to interpret reality and define human beings,[7] and thus religion, as a concept, has been applied inappropriately to non-Western cultures that are not based upon such systems, or in which these systems are a substantially simpler construct.

Contents

1 Abrahamic religions

1.1 Bábism 1.2 Bahá'í Faith 1.3 Christianity

1.3.1 Other Christian 1.3.2 No-longer-extant Christian groups

1.4 Gnosticism 1.5 Islam 1.6 Druze 1.7 Judaism
Judaism
and related religions 1.8 Black Hebrew Israelites 1.9 Rastafari
Rastafari
movement 1.10 Mandaeans and Sabians 1.11 Shabakism

2 Indian religions

2.1 Bhakti movement 2.2 Buddhism 2.3 Din-e Ilahi 2.4 Hinduism 2.5 Jainism 2.6 Meivazhi 2.7 Sikhism

3 Iranian religions

3.1 Zoroastrianism 3.2 Gnostic religions 3.3 Bábí movement 3.4 Yazdânism

4 East Asian religions

4.1 Confucianism 4.2 Shinto

4.2.1 Shinto-inspired religions

4.3 Taoism

4.3.1 Contemporary Taoism-inspired religions

4.4 Other

4.4.1 Chinese 4.4.2 Korean 4.4.3 Vietnamese 4.4.4 Manchu

5 African diasporic religions 6 Mesoamerican religions 7 Indigenous traditional religions

7.1 African 7.2 American 7.3 Eurasian 7.4 Oceania/Pacific/Maritime Southeast Asia

7.4.1 Cargo cults

8 Historical religions

8.1 Ancient Near Eastern 8.2 Indo-European

8.2.1 Hellenistic

8.3 Uralic

9 Mysticism
Mysticism
and occult

9.1 Esotericism
Esotericism
and mysticism

9.1.1 Western mystery tradition

9.2 Occult and magic

10 Modern paganism

10.1 Syncretic 10.2 Ethnic

11 New religious movements

11.1 Race-based

11.1.1 Black 11.1.2 White 11.1.3 Native American

11.2 New Thought 11.3 Shinshukyo

12 Left-hand path religions 13 Post-theistic and naturalistic religions 14 Others 15 Parody or mock religions 16 Other categorisations

16.1 By demographics 16.2 By area

17 See also 18 References 19 External links

Abrahamic religions[edit] Main article: Abrahamic religions A group of monotheistic traditions sometimes grouped with one another for comparative purposes, because all refer to a patriarch named Abraham. Bábism[edit] Main article: Bábism

Azali

Bahá'í Faith[edit] Main article: Bahá'í Faith See also: Bahá'í divisions

Bahá'ís Under the Provisions of the Covenant Orthodox Bahá'í Faith

Christianity[edit] Main article: Christianity See also: List of Christian denominations

Western Christianity

Main article: Roman Catholic Church Main article: Protestantism

Anabaptists (Radical Protestants)

Amish Hutterites Mennonites River Brethren Schwarzenau Brethren Shakers

Anglicanism

Anglo-Catholicism Broad church Continuing Anglican movement English Dissenters
English Dissenters
(also Nonconformists) High church Low church Open Evangelicals Puritans

Baptists

General Baptists
Baptists
(also Free Will Baptists) Landmarkism Missionary
Missionary
Baptists Primitive Baptists Strict Baptists
Baptists
(also Reformed Baptists)

Black church

Black theology

Christian deism
Christian deism
and Christian atheism Confessing Movement Evangelicalism

Charismatic movement Dispensationalist Christian Zionism Emerging church Neo-charismatic movement Neo-Evangelicalism Plymouth Brethren

Exclusive Brethren Open Brethren

Progressive Christianity Protestant fundamentalism

Jesuism Lutheranism

Laestadianism Pietism

Methodism

Calvinistic Methodists Holiness movement

Church of the Nazarene

The Salvation Army Wesleyanism

Pentecostalism

Church of God Latter Rain movement Word of Faith

Proto-Protestant groups:

Hussites

Moravians

Lollardy Waldensians

Reformed churches

Amyraldism
Amyraldism
(called "four-point Calvinism") Arminianism

Remonstrants

Calvinism Christian Reconstructionism Congregational churches Continental Reformed churches: such as the Swiss Reformed, Dutch Reformed, and French Huguenot
Huguenot
churches Neo-Calvinism Presbyterianism Quakers
Quakers
("Friends") Zwinglianism

Restoration movement

Adventism

Branch Davidians Seventh-day Adventist Church

Christadelphians Christian Science Churches of Christ Iglesia ni Cristo Jehovah's Witnesses Latter Day Saint movement

Mormon fundamentalism

Millerism Stone-Campbell movement (called "Campbellites")

Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
(called Roman Catholicism or "Catholicism"; subsisting predominantly in the Latin Church)

Affirming Catholicism Breakaway Catholics Charismatic Catholics Hebrew Catholics Independent Catholic churches

Old Catholic Church
Old Catholic Church
(Union of Utrecht)

Polish National Catholic Church

Liberal Catholicism Liberation theology (Latin American Neo-Marxist Catholicism) Modernist Catholics Traditionalist Catholics

Sedevacantism

Unitarianism Western esotericism

Behmenism Christian Kabbalah Martinism Rosicrucianism Swedenborgianism
Swedenborgianism
(or "The New Church")

Eastern Christianity

Church of the East
Church of the East
(called "Nestorian")

Ancient Church of the East Assyrian Church of the East Chaldean Catholic Church

Eastern Catholic Churches : In full communion with and subject to the Catholic Communion and Roman Church, but retaining a diverse array of Eastern Christian liturgical rites; including the Maronites and Byzantine Catholics. Oriental Orthodox Churches (called Non-Chalcedonian or miaphysite/"monophysite"): Includes the Armenian Apostolic, Coptic, Syriac Orthodox, Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox Churches, as well as a portion of the St. Thomas Christians
St. Thomas Christians
in India. Orthodox Catholic Church
Orthodox Catholic Church
(called "Eastern Orthodoxy" or Orthodoxy): Includes the Greek Orthodox, Serbian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Romanian Orthodox, Bulgarian Orthodox, Georgian Orthodox, and several other autocephalous and autonomous Churches.

Greek Old Calendarists
Greek Old Calendarists
(called "Genuine Orthodox" or "True Orthodox") Russian Old Believers
Old Believers
(or "Old Ritualists")

Bezpopovtsy Popovtsy

Spiritual Christianity

Doukhobor Molokan

Other Christian[edit] Certain Christian groups are difficult to classify as "Eastern" or "Western."

Christian Gnosticism Christian Universalism Nontrinitarianism Messianic Judaism Rastafari Unification Church Eastern Lightning

No-longer-extant Christian groups[edit]

Arianism Ebionites Marcionism

Gnosticism[edit] Main article: Gnosticism Many Gnostic groups were closely related to early Christianity, for example, Valentinism. Irenaeus
Irenaeus
wrote polemics against them from the standpoint of the then-unified Catholic Church.[8] See also: List of Gnostic sects

Bosnian Church
Bosnian Church
(no longer extant) Cerdonians
Cerdonians
(no longer extant) Colarbasians
Colarbasians
(no longer extant) Simonians
Simonians
(no longer extant) Bogomilism
Bogomilism
(no longer extant) Catharism
Catharism
(no longer extant)

The Yazidis
Yazidis
are a syncretic Kurdish religion with a Gnostic influence:

Yazidis

Persian Gnosticism

Mandaeism Manichaeism
Manichaeism
(no longer extant) Bagnolians (no longer extant)

Syrian-Egyptic Gnosticism

None of these religions are still extant. Main article: Syrian-Egyptic Gnosticism

Sethianism

Basilideans Valentinianism

Bardaisan#Bardesanite school

Neo-Gnostic Groups

Ecclesia Gnostica Ecclesia Gnostica
Ecclesia Gnostica
Catholica

Islam[edit] Main article: Islam See also: Islamic schools and branches

Kalam (philosophical schools)

Main article: Ilm al-Kalam

Murji'ah Mu'tazila

Kharijite

Main article: Khawarij

Azraqi Haruriyyah Ibadi
Ibadi
(only surviving sect) Sufri

Shia Islam

Main article: Shia Islam

Bektashi Order Isma'ilism

Mustaali

Atba-i-Malak

Atba-i-Malak
Atba-i-Malak
Badar Atba-i-Malak
Atba-i-Malak
Vakil

Alavi Bohra Dawoodi Bohra

Progressive Dawoodi Bohra

Hebtiahs Bohra Sulaymani Bohra

Nizari Satpanth

Ja'fari jurisprudence

Twelver

Akhbari Shaykhism Usuli

Alawites Alevism
Alevism
/ Bektashi Order

Ni'matullāhī Zaidiyyah

Sufism

Main article: Sufism

Chishti Order Mevlevi Order Naqshbandi

Jahriyya Khufiyya

Qadiriyya Suhrawardiyya Tariqa Tijaniyyah

Recent Sufi groups

Sufi Order International Sufism
Sufism
Reoriented Universal Sufism

Dances of Universal Peace

Sunni Islam

Main article: Sunni Islam

Hanafi

Ash'ari Barelvi Maturidi

Hanbali Maliki Shafi'i Wahhabism

Universalist movements

Xidaotang

Restorationism

Main article: Islamism

Ahl al-Hadith Ghair Muqallidism

Deobandi Yihewani

Muwahhidism Salafi movement Wahhabism

Quranism

Main article: Quranism

Quranism Tolu-e-Islam United Submitters International

Black Muslims

Main article: Black Muslims (other)

American Society of Muslims Five-Percent Nation Moorish Orthodox Church of America Moorish Science Temple of America Nation of Islam United Nation of Islam

Ahmadiyya

Main article: Ahmadiyya

Ahmadiyya
Ahmadiyya
Muslim Community Lahore Ahmadiyya
Ahmadiyya
Movement for the Propagation of Islam

Other Islamic groups

Al-Fatiha Foundation Canadian Muslim Union European Islam Ittifaq al-Muslimin Jadid Jamaat al Muslimeen Liberal movements within Islam Mahdavia Muslim Canadian Congress Progressive British Muslims Progressive Muslim Union Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi

Messiah Foundation International

Yarsanism

Sufi and Shia Sects

Alevism Bektashi Order Moorish Orthodox Church of America

Druze[edit] Main article: Druze Judaism
Judaism
and related religions[edit] Main article: Judaism See also: Jewish religious movements

Rabbinic Judaism

Main article: Rabbinic Judaism

Conservative (Masorti) Judaism Humanistic Judaism
Judaism
(not always identified as a religion) Jewish Renewal Orthodox Judaism

Haredi Judaism Hasidic Judaism Modern Orthodox Judaism

Reconstructionist Judaism Reform Judaism

Karaite Judaism

Main article: Karaite Judaism

Samaritanism

Main article: Samaritans Samaritans
Samaritans
use a slightly different version of the Pentateuch as their Torah, worshiping at Mount Gerizim
Mount Gerizim
instead of Jerusalem, and are possibly the descendants of the lost Northern Kingdom. They are definitely of ancient Israelite origin, but their status as Jews is disputed.[9]

Falasha or Beta Israel

Noahidism

Main article: Noahidism Noahidism
Noahidism
is a monotheistic ideology based on the Seven Laws of Noah, and on their traditional interpretations within Rabbinic Judaism. According to Jewish law, non-Jews are not obligated to convert to Judaism, but they are required to observe the Seven Laws of Noah.

Historical groups

Second Temple Judaism

Essenes Pharisees
Pharisees
(ancestor of Rabbinic Judaism) Sadducees
Sadducees
(possible ancestor of Karaite Judaism) Zealots (Judea)

Sicarii

Sects that believed Jesus was a prophet

Ebionites Elcesaites Nazarenes

Sabbateans

Frankism

Black Hebrew Israelites[edit] Main article: Black Hebrew Israelites Rastafari
Rastafari
movement[edit] Main article: Rastafari
Rastafari
movement Mandaeans and Sabians[edit] Main articles: Mandaeism
Mandaeism
and Sabians

Mandaeism Sabians

Mandaean Nasaraean Sabeans Sabians
Sabians
of Harran

Shabakism[edit] Main article: Shabakism Indian religions[edit] Main article: Indian religions Indian religions
Indian religions
are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent; namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism
Buddhism
and Sikhism, and religions and traditions related to, and descended from them. Bhakti movement[edit] Main article: Bhakti movement

Kabir Panth Nanak Panth Ravidassia Sadh Sant Mat

Divine Light Mission Eckankar Radhasoami

Radha Soami Satsang Beas Radha Swami Satsang, Dinod

Buddhism[edit] Main article: Schools of Buddhism

Nikaya schools (which have historically been incorrectly called Hinayana
Hinayana
in the West)

Buddha-nature

Daśabhūmikā (absorbed into Huayan) Huayan school
Huayan school
(Avataṃsaka)

Hwaeom Kegon

Humanistic Buddhism Madhyamaka

East Asian Mādhyamaka
East Asian Mādhyamaka
(Three Treatise school) Jonang Prasaṅgika Svatantrika

Nichiren Buddhism

Nichiren Shōshū Nichiren Shū Soka Gakkai

Pure Land Buddhism

Jōdo Shinshū Jōdo-shū

Theravada

Bangladeshi Sangharaj Nikaya Bangladeshi Mahasthabir Nikaya Burmese Dwara Nikaya Burmese Shwegyin Nikaya Burmese Thudhamma Nikaya

Vipassana tradition of Mahasi Sayadaw
Mahasi Sayadaw
and disciples

Sri Lankan Amarapura Nikaya Sri Lankan Ramañña Nikaya Sri Lankan Siam Nikaya Thai Dhammayuttika Nikaya

Thai Forest Tradition

Tradition
Tradition
of Ajahn Chah

Thai Maha Nikaya

Dhammakaya Movement

Vipassana movement

Mahayana

Tiantai

Tendai Cheontae

Yogācāra

East Asian Yogācāra

Chan Buddhism

Caodong school Zen

Sōtō

Keizan line Jakuen
Jakuen
line Giin line

Linji school

Rinzai school Ōbaku Fuke-shū Won Buddhism

Kwan Um School of Zen Sanbo Kyodan

Vajrayana

Shingon Buddhism Tibetan Buddhism

Bon Gelug Kagyu

Dagpo Kagyu

Karma Kagyu Barom Kagyu Drukpa Lineage

Shangpa Kagyu

Nyingma Sakya Jonang Bodongpa

Navayana

Dalit Buddhist movement

New Buddhist movements

Neo-Buddhist movement Shambhala Buddhism Diamond Way Buddhism Triratna Buddhist Community New Kadampa Tradition[10] Share International True Buddha School

Nipponzan-Myōhōji-Daisanga

Hòa Hảo

Global variants of Buddhism

Buddhism
Buddhism
in the United States

Din-e Ilahi[edit]

Din-e Ilahi

Hinduism[edit] Main article: Hinduism See also: Hindu denominations

Ayyavazhi
Ayyavazhi
(sometimes classified as an independent religion) Shaivism

Kapalika Kashmir Shaivism Lingayatism Nath Pashupata Shaivism Shaiva Siddhanta Veerashaivism

Shaktism Shrauta Smartism Swaminarayan Tantrism

Ananda Marga[11] Kaula

Vaishnavism

Brahma Sampradaya

Gaudiya Vaishnavism

International Society for Krishna Consciousness[12]

Sri Vaishnavism Rudra Sampradaya Nimbarka Sampradaya Varkari Sampradaya

Hindu reform movements

Arya Samaj[13] Brahmo Samaj Ramakrishna Mission Satsang of Thakur Anukulchandra Satya Dharma Matua Mahasangha

The Osho or Rajneesh movement

Major schools and movements of Hindu philosophy

Main article: Hindu philosophy

Nyaya Purva mimamsa Samkhya Vaisheshika Vedanta
Vedanta
(Uttara Mimamsa)

Advaita Vedanta Integral Yoga Dvaita Vedanta Vishishtadvaita

Yoga

Ashtanga Yoga Bhakti yoga Jnana yoga Karma yoga Kundalini yoga Hatha yoga Raja yoga Sahaja Yoga Siddha Yoga Surat Shabd Yoga Tantric Yoga

Jainism[edit] Main article: Jainism

Digambara

Bispanthi[14] Digambar Terapanth Kanji Panth[14] Panth of Kanji Swami Taran Panth

Śvētāmbara

Murtipujaka
Murtipujaka
(Deravasi) Sthānakavāsī Svetambar Terapanth

Meivazhi[edit]

Meivazhi

Sikhism[edit] Main article: Sikhism

Khalsa
Khalsa
(Baptized Sikhs)

Nihang
Nihang
(Akali)

Miharvan Namdhari (Kuka Sikhs) Nirankari Nirmala Ramraiya Ravidassia Sahajdhari Sanatan Udasi 3HO
3HO
(Gora Sikhs)

Iranian religions[edit] Main article: Iranian religions Zoroastrianism[edit] Main article: Zoroastrianism

Behafaridians Mazdakism Zurvanism Khurramites
Khurramites
(syncretism with Shi'a Islam)

Gnostic religions[edit]

Mandaeism Manichaeism Mithraism

Bábí movement[edit]

Azali Bábism Bahá'í Faith

Yazdânism[edit] Main article: Yazdânism

Alevi
Alevi
(this is contested; most Alevi
Alevi
consider themselves to be Shia or Sufi Muslims, but a minority adhere to the Yazdani interpretation) Yarsani Yazidi

East Asian religions[edit] Main article: East Asian religions Confucianism[edit] Main article: Confucianism

Neo-Confucianism New Confucianism

Shinto[edit] Main articles: Shinto
Shinto
and Shinto
Shinto
sects and schools

Koshintō Shugendō Yoshida Shintō

Shinto-inspired religions[edit]

Konkokyo Oomoto Seicho-no-Ie Shinmeiaishinkai Tenrikyo Zenrinkyo

Taoism[edit] Main article: Taoism

Way of the Five Pecks of Rice

Way of the Celestial Masters

Zhengyi Dao
Zhengyi Dao
("Way of the Right Oneness")

Taipingjing-based movements Shangqing School ("School of the Highest Clarity") Lingbao School
Lingbao School
("School of the Numinous Treasure") Quanzhen School ("Way of the Fulfilled Virtue")

Dragon Gate Taoism

Wuliupai ("School of Wu-Liu") Yao Taoism
Taoism
(Meishanism) Faism
Faism
(Redhead Taoism) Xuanxue (Neo-Taoism)

Contemporary Taoism-inspired religions[edit]

Yiguandao Dudeism
Dudeism
(The Church of the Latter-Day Dude) Zenarchy (Kerry Wendell Thornley)

Other[edit] Chinese[edit]

Chan Buddhism Chinese folk religion Falun Gong Yiguandao
Yiguandao
(I Kuan-Tao) Mohism Xiantiandao

Korean[edit]

Cheondoism Daejongism Daesun Jinrihoe Gasin faith Jeung San Do Juche Korean shamanism Won Buddhism Suwunism

Vietnamese[edit]

Cao Đài Đạo Bửu Sơn Kỳ Hương Đạo Dừa

Manchu[edit]

Manchu shamanism

African diasporic religions[edit] See also: African diasporic religions African diasporic religions
African diasporic religions
are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas among African slaves and their descendants in various countries of the Caribbean Islands and Latin America, as well as parts of the southern United States. They derive from African traditional religions, especially of West and Central Africa, showing similarities to the Yoruba religion
Yoruba religion
in particular.

Batuque Candomblé Dahomey mythology Haitian mythology Kumina Macumba Mami Wata Obeah Oyotunji Palo Ifa Lucumi Hudu Quimbanda Santería
Santería
(Lukumi) Umbanda[15] Vodou

Mesoamerican religions[edit] Main article: Mesoamerican religion

Aztec religion Maya religion

Lacandon religion

Mixtec religion Olmec religion Purepecha religion Totonac religion Zapotec religion

Indigenous traditional religions[edit] See also: Paganism
Paganism
and Folk religion Traditionally, these faiths have all been classified "Pagan", but scholars prefer the terms "indigenous/primal/folk/ethnic religions". African[edit] Main article: African traditional religions

Northern Africa

Berber religion

West Africa

Akan religion

Ashanti mythology
Ashanti mythology
(Ghana)

Dahomey (Fon) religion Bori (Hausa people) Efik mythology (Nigeria, Cameroon) Serer religion Odinani
Odinani
(Nigeria, Cameroon) Isoko mythology
Isoko mythology
(Nigeria) Yoruba religion
Yoruba religion
(Nigeria, Benin) Ifa Afa Fa

Central Africa

Bushongo mythology (Congo) Bambuti (Pygmy) mythology (Congo) Lugbara religion (Congo)

East Africa

Akamba mythology
Akamba mythology
(East Kenya) Dinka religion (Sudan) Lotuko mythology (Sudan) Masai mythology (Kenya, Tanzania) Malagasy mythology Oromo religion
Oromo religion
(Ethiopia)

Southern Africa

Badimo (Botswana) Khoisan religion Lozi mythology (Zambia) Tumbuka mythology (Malawi) Zulu religion (South Africa)

American[edit] Main article: Native American mythology

North American

Abenaki mythology Anishinaabe Blackfoot mythology Cherokee mythology Chickasaw mythology Choctaw mythology Creek mythology Crow mythology Haida mythology Ho-Chunk mythology
Ho-Chunk mythology
(aka: Winnebago) Hopi mythology Inuit mythology Iroquois mythology Keetoowah Nighthawk Society Kuksu Kwakiutl mythology Lakota mythology Leni Lenape mythology Longhouse religion Midewiwin Miwok Navajo mythology Nootka mythology Ohlone mythology Pomo mythology Pawnee mythology Salish mythology Selk'nam religion Seneca mythology Southeastern Ceremonial Complex Sun Dance Tsimshian mythology Urarina Ute mythology Wyandot religion Zuni mythology

South American

Guarani mythology Inca mythology Jivaroan religion Mapuche religion Muisca religion
Muisca religion
and Muisca mythology

Eurasian[edit]

Asian

Bathouism Benzhuism
Benzhuism
(indigenous religion of the Bai people) Bimoism
Bimoism
(indigenous religion of the Yi people) Bon Chinese mythology Japanese mythology Korean shamanism Manchu shamanism Mun (Lepcha) Pemena (Karo people (Indonesia)) Shamanism
Shamanism
in Siberia Tengrism Ua Dab
Ua Dab
(indigenous religion of the Hmong people) Vietnamese folk religion

European

Estonian mythology Shamanism
Shamanism
among Eskimo peoples Finnish mythology
Finnish mythology
and Finnish paganism Shamanistic remnants in Hungarian folklore Sami shamanism

Oceania/Pacific/Maritime Southeast Asia[edit]

Australian Aboriginal mythology
Australian Aboriginal mythology
(Dreamtime) Austronesian beliefs

Indonesian mythology

Aluk Todolo (indigenous religion of the Toraja
Toraja
people) Balinese mythology

Balinese Hinduism

Traditional Batak religion

Parmalim

Kaharingan
Kaharingan
(indigenous religion of the Dayak people) Javanese beliefs Marapu (indigenous religion of the Sumba people) Pemena (indigenous religion of the Karo people) Sunda Wiwitan
Sunda Wiwitan
(indigenous religion of the Sundanese people)

Melanesian mythology Micronesian mythology

Modekngei Nauruan indigenous religion

Philippine indigenous religions

Tagalog indigenous religion Tagbanwa indigenous religion

Polynesian mythology

Cook Islands mythology Hawaiian mythology Māori mythology

Māori religion

Pai Mārire Rātana Ringatū

Rapa Nui mythology

Moai Tangata manu

Cargo cults[edit] Main article: Cargo cults

John Frum Johnson cult Prince Philip Movement Vailala Madness

Historical religions[edit] Further information: Prehistoric religion
Prehistoric religion
and History of religion Most historical religions were polytheistic, but some, such as Atenism, were much closer to monotheism. Ancient Near Eastern[edit] Main article: Ancient Near Eastern religions

Ancient Egyptian religion

Atenism

Ancient Semitic religion

Ancient Canaanite religion

Religion
Religion
in Carthage Palmyrene religion

Ancient Mesopotamian religion

Babylonian and Assyrian religion

Babylonian religion Chaldean mythology

Sumerian religion

Religion
Religion
in pre-Islamic Arabia

Nabataean religion

Indo-European[edit] Main article: Proto-Indo-European religion

Proto-Indo-Iranian religion

Historical Vedic religion Iranian mythology

Armenian mythology Baltic polytheism Caucasus mythologies Celtic polytheism Germanic paganism

Anglo-Saxon paganism Continental Germanic mythology Norse religion

Greek polytheism Hittite mythology Persian mythology Religion
Religion
in ancient Rome Slavic mythology Georgian mythology

Hellenistic[edit] Main article: Hellenistic religion

Gallo-Roman religion Glycon cult Mystery religions

Eleusinian Mysteries Mithraic mysteries Orphism

Pythagoreanism

Uralic[edit]

Estonian polytheism Finnish polytheism Hungarian polytheism

Mysticism
Mysticism
and occult[edit] Esotericism
Esotericism
and mysticism[edit] Main articles: Esotericism
Esotericism
and Mysticism

Anthroposophy Buddhist esoteric tradition Hindu mysticism

Tantra

Kabbalah

Christian Kabbalah

Neoplatonism Pythagoreanism

Neopythagoreanism

Sufism Theosophy

Western mystery tradition[edit] See also: Esoteric Christianity, Christian mysticism, Jewish mysticism, and Islamic mysticism

Archeosophical Society Behmenism Builders of the Adytum Fraternitas Saturni Fraternity of the Inner Light Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn

The Open Source Order of the Golden Dawn

Hermeticism Martinism Ordo Aurum Solis Rosicrucian

Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis[16] Rosicrucian
Rosicrucian
Fellowship

Servants of the Light Thelema

A∴A∴ Ordo Templi Orientis Typhonian Order

Occult and magic[edit] Main articles: Occult § Occultism, and Magic (paranormal)

Alchemy Ceremonial magic

Enochian magic Goetia

Chaos magic

Illuminates of Thanateros Thee Temple ov Psychick Youth

Hoodoo (folk magic)
Hoodoo (folk magic)
(Rootwork)

Louisiana Voodoo

Kulam – Filipino witchcraft Pow-wow (folk magic) Magick (Thelema) Contemporary witchcraft

Modern paganism[edit] Main article: Modern paganism See also: List of Neopagan movements Syncretic[edit]

Adonism Church of All Worlds Church of Aphrodite Feraferia Koshintō Neo-Druidism

Ár nDraíocht Féin Order of Bards, Ovates, and Druids Reformed Druids of North America

Neoshamanism Neo-völkisch movements Technopaganism Wicca

British Traditional Wicca

Gardnerian Wicca Alexandrian Wicca Central Valley Wicca Algard Wicca Chthonioi Alexandrian Wicca Blue Star Wicca

Seax-Wica Universal Eclectic Wicca Celtic Wicca Dianic Wicca Faery Wicca Feri Tradition Georgian Wicca Odyssean Wicca Wiccan church

Covenant of the Goddess

Ethnic[edit] See also: Ethnic religion

Armenian neopaganism Baltic neopaganism Celtic neopaganism Dievturība Estonian neopaganism Finnish neopaganism Germanic neopaganism Hellenism (religion) Italo-Roman neopaganism Kemetism Mari native religion Odinism Romuva (religion) Semitic neopaganism Slavic neopaganism Wotanism Zalmoxianism

New religious movements[edit] Main article: List of new religious movements

Eckankar Huna Omnism Raëlism Scientology Unitarian Universalism

Race-based[edit] See also: Ethnic religion Black[edit]

Ausar Auset Society Black Hebrew Israelites Dini Ya Msambwa Mumboism Nation of Gods and Earths Nation of Islam Nuwaubian Nation Moorish Orthodox Church of America Moorish Science Temple of America Rastafari

White[edit]

Ariosophy Black Order (Satanist group) Christian Identity Creativity Order of Nine Angles Thule Society Wotansvolk

Native American[edit]

Ghost Dance Indian Shaker Church Native American Church

New Thought[edit] Main article: New Thought

Christian Science Church of Divine Science Church Universal and Triumphant Religious Science Unity Church Jewish Science Seicho-no-Ie

Shinshukyo[edit] Main article: Japanese new religions

Church of World Messianity Happy Science Konkokyo Oomoto PL Kyodan Seicho-no-Ie Tenrikyo

Left-hand path religions[edit] Main article: Left-hand path and right-hand path

Demonolatry Luciferianism Satanism

LaVeyan Satanism

Church of Satan First Satanic Church

Theistic Satanism

Our Lady of Endor Coven
Our Lady of Endor Coven
(or Ophite Cultus Satanas)

Temple of Set

Post-theistic and naturalistic religions[edit]

Creativity (religion) Discordianism Ethical movement Freethought

North Texas Church of Freethought

Jediism Moorish Orthodox Church of America Naturalistic pantheism

World Pantheist Movement

Religion
Religion
of Humanity Syntheism

Others[edit]

The Circle of Reason Cult of Reason
Cult of Reason
(1792–1794) Cult of the Supreme Being Deism Fourth Way God-Building Goddess movement Humanism Open-source religion Spiritism
Spiritism
(Spiritualism) Subud Universal Life Church

Parody or mock religions[edit]

Church of Euthanasia The Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster Church of the SubGenius Cult of Kek Dinkoism Dudeism Iglesia Maradoniana Invisible Pink Unicorn Kibology Kopimism Landover Baptist Church Last Thursdayism

Other categorisations[edit] By demographics[edit] Main article: Religious demographics

List of religious populations

By area[edit] Further information: Religion
Religion
geography

Religion
Religion
in Africa Religion
Religion
in Asia Religion
Religion
in Australia Religion
Religion
in Europe Religion
Religion
in North America List of religions and spiritual traditions
List of religions and spiritual traditions
of Oceania/Pacific Religion
Religion
in South America Religion
Religion
by country

List of state-established religions Buddhism
Buddhism
by country Christianity
Christianity
by country

Roman Catholicism by country Protestantism
Protestantism
by country

Hinduism
Hinduism
by country Islam
Islam
by country

Ahmadiyya
Ahmadiyya
by country

Judaism
Judaism
by country, Jewish population Sikhism
Sikhism
by country

See also[edit]

Civil religion List of Catholic rites and churches List of religious organizations Lists of people by belief Mythology Religious fundamentalism Shamanism Totemism Western esotericism

References[edit]

^ (Clifford Geertz, Religion
Religion
as a Cultural System, 1973) ^ (Talal Asad, The Construction of Religion
Religion
as an Anthropological Category, 1982.) ^ "World Religions Religion
Religion
Statistics Geography Church Statistics". Retrieved 5 March 2015.  ^ http://www.parapsych.org/base/about.aspx ^ "Key Facts about Near-Death Experiences". Retrieved 5 March 2015.  ^ Harvey, Graham (2000). Indigenous Religions: A Companion. (Ed: Graham Harvey). London and New York: Cassell. Page 06. ^ Vergote, Antoine, Religion, belief and unbelief: a psychological study, Leuven University Press, 1997, p. 89 ^ " Irenaeus
Irenaeus
of Lyons". Retrieved 5 March 2015.  ^ "Samaritans". Retrieved 5 March 2015.  ^ Melton, J. Gordon (2003). Encyclopedia of American Religions (Seventh edition). Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group, Inc., p. 1112. ISBN 0-7876-6384-0 ^ Melton, J. Gordon (2003). Encyclopedia of American Religions (Seventh edition). Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group, Inc., p. 1001. ISBN 0-7876-6384-0 ^ Melton, J. Gordon (2003). Encyclopedia of American Religions (Seventh edition). Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group, Inc., p. 997. ISBN 0-7876-6384-0 ^ Melton, J. Gordon (2003). Encyclopedia of American Religions (Seventh edition). Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group, Inc., p. 1004. ISBN 0-7876-6384-0 ^ a b "Welcome to Jainworld – Jain Sects – tirthankaras, jina, sadhus, sadhvis, 24 tirthankaras, digambara sect, svetambar sect, Shraman Dharma, Nirgranth Dharma". Jainworld.com. Retrieved 2012-04-24.  ^ Smith, Christian; Joshua Prokopy (1999). Latin American Religion
Religion
in Motion. New York: Routledge, pp. 279-280. ISBN 978-0-415-92106-0 ^ Melton, J. Gordon (2003). Encyclopedia of American Religions (Seventh edition). Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group, Inc., p. 841. ISBN 0-7876-6384-0

External links[edit]

Wikiversity has learning resources about Beyond Theism

Patheos World Religions library Statistics on religious belief or adherence BBC.co.uk section on major world religions

v t e

Religion

Major religious groups
Major religious groups
and religious denominations

Abrahamic

Judaism

Orthodox

Haredi Hasidic Modern

Conservative Reform Karaite Reconstructionist Renewal Humanistic Haymanot

Christianity

Catholicism

Eastern Catholic Churches

Eastern Christianity

Church of the East

Assyrian Church of the East

Eastern Orthodoxy Oriental Orthodoxy

Ethiopian Orthodoxy

Independent Catholicism

Old Catholicism

Protestantism

Adventism Anabaptism Anglicanism Baptists Calvinism

Presbyterianism Congregationalism Continental Reformed

Lutheranism Methodism Pentecostalism Evangelicalism

Nontrinitarianism

Jehovah's Witnesses Mormonism Jesuism

Nondenominational

Islam

Sunni

Hanafi Maliki Hanbali Shafi'i

Shia

Twelver Isma'ilism Zaidiyyah

Ahmadi Ibadi Non-denominational Quranism Zahirism Salafism

Wahhabism Ahl al-Hadith

Mahdavia European Islam Nation of Islam

Others

Bábism

Azáli Bábism Bahá'í Faith

Druze Mandaeism Rastafari Samaritanism

Dharmic

Hinduism

Vaishnavism Shaktism Shaivism Ayyavazhi Smartism Balinese

Buddhism

Mahayana

Chan

Zen Thiền Seon

Pure Land Nichiren Madhyamaka Tiantai

Theravada Vajrayana

Tibetan Shingon Newar Bon

Navayana

Others

Dravidian Jainism

Digambara Śvētāmbara

Sikhism Gurung shamanism Bon
Bon
Lamaism Kirant Mundhum

Persian

Manichaeism Yazdânism

Yazidism Ishikism Ali-Illahism Yarsanism

Zoroastrianism

European

Armenian Baltic

Dievturība Druwi Romuva

Caucasian Celtic

Druidry

Germanic Hellenism Italo-Roman Romanian Slavic

Uralic

Finnish Hungarian Uralic

Mari Mordvin Udmurt

Central and Northern Asian

Burkhanism Chuvash Manchu Mongolian Siberian Tengrism

East Asian

Benzhuism Bimoism Bon Cheondoism Confucianism Dongbaism Faism Hmongism Jeungsanism Luoism Meishanism Mileism Muism Neo-Confucianism Ryukyuan religion Shenism Shigongism Shinto Taoism Tenrikyo Wuism Yiguandao

Southeast Asian

Burmese Satsana Phi Malaysian Indonesian

Marapu Kaharingan Kebatinan

Philippine Vietnamese

Caodaism Đạo Mẫu Hoahaoism

African

Traditional

Akan Akamba Baluba Bantu Berber Bushongo Cushitic Dinka Efik Fon and Ewe Guanche Igbo Isoko Lotuko Lozi Lugbara Maasai Mbuti San Serer Tumbuka Waaq Yoruba Zulu

Diasporic

Candomblé Kumina Obeah Quimbanda Palo Santería Umbanda Vodou Voodoo Winti

Other groups

Bathouism Bongthingism Donyi-Polo Kiratism Sanamahism Sarnaism Aboriginal Australian Native American Mesoamerican Hawaiian Polynesian

Recent

Discordianism Eckankar Jediism New Age New Thought Pastafarianism Raëlism Satanism Scientology Thelema Unitarian Universalism Wicca

Historical religions

Prehistoric

Paleolithic

Near East

Arabian Egyptian Mesopotamian Semitic

Canaanite Yahwism

Indo-European

Asia

Proto-Indo-Iranian Armenian Ossetian Vedic Zoroastrianism

Mithraism Zurvanism

Gnosticism

Manichaeism

Europe

Celtic Germanic

Anglo-Saxon Continental Norse

Greek

Gnosticism Neoplatonism

Manichaeism Balkan Roman Slavic

Topics

Aspects

Apostasy / Disaffiliation Behaviour Beliefs Clergy Conversion Deities Entheogens Ethnic religion Denomination Faith Fire Folk religion God Meditation Monasticism

monk nun

Mysticism Mythology Nature Ordination Orthodoxy Orthopraxy Prayer Prophesy Religious experience Ritual

liturgy sacrifice

Spirituality Supernatural Symbols Truth Water Worship

Theism

Animism Deism Dualism Henotheism Monotheism Nontheism Panentheism Pantheism Polytheism Transtheism

Religious studies

Anthropology Cognitive science Comparative Development Evolutionary origin Evolutionary psychology History Philosophy Neurotheology Psychology Sociology Theology Theories Women

Religion
Religion
and society

Agriculture Business Clergy

monasticism ordination

Conversion

evangelism missionary proselytism

Education Fanaticism Freedom

pluralism syncretism toleration universalism

Fundamentalism Growth Happiness Homosexuality Minorities National church National religiosity levels Religiocentrism Political science Populations Schism Science State Theocracy Vegetarianism Video games Violence

persecution terrorism war

Wealth

Secularism
Secularism
and irreligion

Antireligion Deism Agnosticism Atheism Criticism LaVeyan Satanism Deconstruction Humanistic Judaism Irreligion by country Objectivism Secular humanism Secular theology Secularization Separation of church and state Unaffiliated

Overviews and lists

Index Outline Timeline Abrahamic prophets Deification Deities Founders Mass gatherings New religious movements Organizations Religions and spiritual traditions Scholars

.