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Shropshire
Shropshire
(/ˈʃrɒpʃər/ SHROP-shər or /ˈʃrɒpʃɪər/ SHROP-sheer; alternatively Salop;[citation needed] abbreviated, in print only, Shrops; demonym Salopian /səˈloʊpiən/ sə-LOH-pee-ən)[3] is a county in the West Midlands of England, bordering Wales
Wales
to the west, Cheshire
Cheshire
to the north, Staffordshire
Staffordshire
to the east, and Worcestershire
Worcestershire
and Herefordshire
Herefordshire
to the south. Shropshire Council
Shropshire Council
was created in 2009, a unitary authority taking over from the previous county council and five district councils. The borough of Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
has been a separate unitary authority since 1998 but continues to be included in the ceremonial county. The county's population and economy is centred on five towns: the county town of Shrewsbury, which is culturally and historically important and close to the centre of the county;[4] Telford, a new town in the east which was constructed around a number of older towns, most notably Wellington, Dawley
Dawley
and Madeley, which is today the most populous;[5] and Oswestry
Oswestry
in the north-west, Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
just to the south of Telford, and Ludlow
Ludlow
in the south. The county has many market towns, including Whitchurch in the north, Newport north-east of Telford
Telford
and Market Drayton
Market Drayton
in the north-east of the county. The Ironbridge Gorge
Ironbridge Gorge
area is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, covering Ironbridge, Coalbrookdale
Coalbrookdale
and a part of Madeley.[6] There are other historic industrial sites in the county, such as at Shrewsbury, Broseley, Snailbeach
Snailbeach
and Highley, as well as the Shropshire
Shropshire
Union Canal.[7] The Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
covers about a quarter of the county, mainly in the south.[8] Shropshire
Shropshire
is one of England's most rural and sparsely populated counties, with a population density of 136/km2 (350/sq mi). The Wrekin
The Wrekin
is one of the most famous natural landmarks in the county,[9] though the highest hills are the Clee Hills,[10] Stiperstones[11] and the Long Mynd.[12] Wenlock Edge
Wenlock Edge
is another significant geographical and geological landmark.[13] In the low-lying northwest of the county overlapping the border with Wales
Wales
is the Fenn's, Whixall and Bettisfield Mosses National Nature Reserve,[14] one of the most important and best preserved bogs in Britain. The River Severn, Great Britain's longest river, runs through the county, exiting into Worcestershire
Worcestershire
via the Severn Valley. Shropshire
Shropshire
is landlocked and with an area of 3,487 square kilometres (1,346 sq mi) is England's largest inland county.[15] The county flower is the round-leaved sundew.[16]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Etymology 1.2 County extent

2 Geography

2.1 North Shropshire 2.2 South Shropshire 2.3 Natural regions 2.4 Climate 2.5 Geology 2.6 Statistical

3 Emblems

3.1 Shropshire
Shropshire
county flag 3.2 Shropshire
Shropshire
coat of arms 3.3 Shropshire
Shropshire
county flower, round-leaved sundew 3.4 Shropshire
Shropshire
Day, 23 February 3.5 Shropshire
Shropshire
motto, Floreat Salopia

4 Towns and villages 5 Politics

5.1 Parliamentary constituencies 5.2 Divisions and environs 5.3 Local government 1974–2009 5.4 2009 restructuring 5.5 Political control of councils

6 Transport 7 Economy

7.1 Statistics

8 Education 9 Places of interest 10 Famous people 11 Cultural references 12 Sport

12.1 Football 12.2 Other sports

13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Shropshire

Section of Offa's Dyke
Offa's Dyke
near the Shropshire
Shropshire
town of Clun, constructed after the Saxon annexation of the area in the 8th century AD.

The area was once part of the lands of the Cornovii, which consisted of the modern day counties of Cheshire, Shropshire, north Staffordshire, north Herefordshire
Herefordshire
and eastern parts of Powys. This was a tribal Celtic iron age kingdom. Their capital in pre-Roman times was probably a hill fort on the Wrekin. Ptolemy's 2nd century Geography names one of their towns as being Viroconium Cornoviorum (Wroxeter), which became their capital under Roman rule and one of the largest settlements in Britain. After the Roman occupation of Britain ended in the 5th century, the Shropshire
Shropshire
area was in the eastern part of the Welsh Kingdom of Powys; known in Welsh poetry as the Paradise of Powys. It was annexed to the Angle kingdom of Mercia
Mercia
by King Offa in the 8th century, at which time he built two significant dykes there to defend his territory against the Welsh or at least demarcate it. In subsequent centuries, the area suffered repeated Danish invasion, and fortresses were built at Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
and Chirbury.[17] After the Norman conquest in 1066, major estates in Shropshire
Shropshire
were granted to Normans, including Roger de Montgomerie, who ordered significant constructions, particularly in Shrewsbury, the town of which he was Earl.[18] Many defensive castles were built at this time across the county to defend against the Welsh and enable effective control of the region, including Ludlow
Ludlow
Castle[19] and Shrewsbury Castle.[20] The western frontier with Wales
Wales
was not finally determined until the 14th century. Also in this period, a number of religious foundations were formed, the county largely falling at this time under the Diocese of Hereford
Diocese of Hereford
and that of Coventry
Coventry
and Lichfield. Some parishes in the north-west of the county in later times fell under the Diocese of St. Asaph
Diocese of St. Asaph
until the disestablishment of the Church in Wales in 1920, when they were ceded to the Lichfield diocese.[21] The county was a central part of the Welsh Marches
Welsh Marches
during the medieval period and was often embroiled in the power struggles between powerful Marcher Lords, the Earls of March
Earls of March
and successive monarchs.[22] The county contains a number of historically significant towns, including Shrewsbury, Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
and Ludlow
Ludlow
(which was the seat of the Council of Wales
Wales
and the Marches). Additionally, the area around Coalbrookdale
Coalbrookdale
in the county is seen as highly significant, as it is regarded as one of the birthplaces of the Industrial Revolution. The village of Edgmond, near Newport, is the location of the lowest recorded temperature (in terms of weather) in England
England
and Wales.[23]

The Iron Bridge
The Iron Bridge
at Ironbridge.

Etymology[edit] Shropshire
Shropshire
is first recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
annal for 1006.[24] The origin of the name is the Old English Scrobbesbyrigscīr, which means "Shrewsburyshire". The name may, therefore, be derived indirectly from a personal name such as Scrope (also spelt Scrobbe). Salop is an old name for Shropshire, historically used as an abbreviated form for post or telegrams, it is thought to derive from the Anglo-French "Salopesberia". It is normally replaced by the more contemporary "Shrops" although Shropshire
Shropshire
residents are still referred to as "Salopians".[citation needed] Salop however is also used as an alternative name for the county town, Shrewsbury, which also shares the motto of Floreat Salopia. When a county council for the county was first established in 1889, it was called Salop County Council.[25] Following the Local Government Act 1972, Salop became the official name of the county, but a campaign led by a local councillor, John Kenyon, succeeded in having both the county and council renamed as Shropshire
Shropshire
in 1980.[26] This took effect from 1 April of that year.[27] County extent[edit] The border with Wales
Wales
was defined in the 16th century – the hundreds of Oswestry
Oswestry
(including Oswestry) and Pimhill (including Wem) and part of Chirbury
Chirbury
had prior to the Laws in Wales
Wales
Act formed various Lordships in the Welsh Marches. The present day ceremonial county boundary is almost the same as the historic one. Notably there has been the removal of several exclaves and enclaves. The largest of the exclaves was Halesowen, which became part of Worcestershire
Worcestershire
in 1844 (now part of the West Midlands county), and the largest of the enclaves was Herefordshire's Farlow in South Shropshire, also transferred in 1844, to Shropshire. Alterations have been made on Shropshire's border with all neighbouring English counties over the centuries. Gains have been made to the south of Ludlow
Ludlow
(from Herefordshire), to the north of Shifnal
Shifnal
(from Staffordshire) and to the north (from Cheshire) and south (from Staffordshire) of Market Drayton. The county has lost land in two places – to Staffordshire
Staffordshire
and Worcestershire.[28] Geography[edit] Geographically, Shropshire
Shropshire
is divisible into two distinct halves – north and south. The county has a highly diverse geology. The West Midlands Green Belt extends into eastern Shropshire, covering an area north from Highley, to the east of Bridgnorth, north to the eastern side of Telford, leaving Shropshire
Shropshire
eastwards alongside the A5. This encompasses Shifnal, Cosford and Albrighton, and various other villages paralleling Dudley
Dudley
and Wolverhampton.[29] North Shropshire[edit]

River Severn, seen here in Shrewsbury, is the primary watercourse in the county.

The North Shropshire
North Shropshire
Plain is an extension of the flat and fertile Cheshire
Cheshire
Plain. It is here that most of the county's large towns, and population, are to be found. Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
at the centre, Oswestry
Oswestry
to the north west, Whitchurch to the north, Market Drayton
Market Drayton
to the north east, and Newport and the Telford
Telford
conurbation (Telford, Wellington, Oakengates, Donnington and Shifnal) to the east. The land is fertile and agriculture remains a major feature of the landscape and the economy. The River Severn
River Severn
runs through the lower half of this area (from Wales
Wales
in the west, eastwards), through Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
and down the Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge, before heading south to Bridgnorth. The area around Oswestry
Oswestry
has more rugged geography than the North Shropshire
Shropshire
Plain and the western half is over an extension of the Wrexham
Wrexham
Coalfield and there are also copper deposits on the border with Wales. Mining of stone and sand aggregates is still going on in Mid-Shropshire, notably on Haughmond Hill, near Bayston Hill, and around the village of Condover. Lead mining also took place at Snailbeach
Snailbeach
and the Stiperstones, but this has now ceased. Other primary industries, such as forestry and fishing, are to be found too.

The Wrekin
The Wrekin
is a prominent geographical feature located in the east of the county.

The A5 and M54 run from Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
(to the east of the county) across to Telford, around Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
parallel to the line of Watling Street, an ancient trackway. The A5 then turns north west to Oswestry, before heading north into Wales
Wales
in the Wrexham
Wrexham
area. This is an important artery and the corridor is where most of Shropshire's modern commerce and industry is found, notably in Telford
Telford
new town. There are also a number of railway lines crossing over the area, which centre at Shrewsbury. To the south west of Telford, near the Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge, is Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Power Station. The new town of Telford
Telford
is built partly on a former industrial area centred on the East Shropshire
Shropshire
Coalfield as well as on former agricultural land. There are still many ex-colliery sites to be found in the area, as well as disused mine shafts. This industrial heritage is an important tourist attraction, as is seen by the growth of museums in the Ironbridge, Coalbrookdale, Broseley
Broseley
and Jackfield
Jackfield
area. Blists Hill
Blists Hill
museum and historical (Victorian era) village is a major tourist attraction as well as the Iron Bridge itself. In addition, Telford
Telford
Steam Railway runs from Horsehay. South Shropshire[edit]

For information specifically on the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, see Shropshire Hills
Shropshire Hills
AONB.

St Leonard's Church is a prominent historical landmark in Bridgnorth.

South Shropshire
South Shropshire
is more rural, with fewer settlements and no large towns, and its landscape differs greatly from that of North Shropshire. The area is dominated by significant hill ranges and river valleys, woods, pine forests and "batches", a colloquial term for small valleys and other natural features. Farming is more pastoral than the arable found in the north of the county. The only substantial towns are Bridgnorth, with a population of around 12,000 people, Ludlow
Ludlow
and Church Stretton. The Shropshire Hills AONB
Shropshire Hills AONB
is located in the south-west, covering an area of 810 km2 (312 sq mi); it forms the only specifically protected area of the county. Inside this area is the popular Long Mynd, a large plateau of 516 m (1,693 ft) and Stiperstones
Stiperstones
536 metres (1,759 ft) high to the East of the Long Mynd, overlooking Church Stretton.

The skyline of Ludlow, one of south Shropshire's market towns, dominated by its sizeable castle and church.

The A49 is the main road through the area, running north to south, from Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
to Herefordshire. A railway line runs through the area on the same route as the A49 with stations at Church Stretton, Craven Arms and Ludlow. The steam heritage Severn Valley Railway
Severn Valley Railway
runs from Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
into Worcestershire
Worcestershire
along the Severn Valley, terminating at Kidderminster Town. Because of its valley location and character, Church Stretton
Church Stretton
is sometimes referred to[30] as Little Switzerland. Nearby are the old mining and quarrying communities on the Clee Hills, notable geological features in the Onny Valley and Wenlock Edge
Wenlock Edge
and fertile farmland in the Corve Dale. The River Teme
River Teme
drains this part of the county, before flowing into Worcestershire
Worcestershire
to the south and joining the River Severn. One of the Clee Hills, the Brown Clee Hill, is the county's highest peak at 540 metres (1,772 ft).[31] This gives Shropshire
Shropshire
the 13th tallest hill per county in England. South West Shropshire
Shropshire
is a little-known and remote part of the county, with Clun
Clun
Forest, Offa's Dyke, the River Clun
Clun
and the River Onny. The small towns of Clun
Clun
and Bishop's Castle
Bishop's Castle
are in this area. The countryside here is very rural and is in parts wild and forested. To the south of Clun
Clun
is the Welsh border town of Knighton. Natural regions[edit]

The landscape of the Long Mynd, to the west of Church Stretton.

Natural England
England
recognised the following national character areas that lie wholly or partially within Shropshire:[32]

Shropshire
Shropshire
Hills Shropshire
Shropshire
and Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Plain Oswestry
Oswestry
Uplands Mid Severn Sandstone Plateau Teme Valley Herefordshire
Herefordshire
Lowlands Clun
Clun
and North West Herefordshire
Herefordshire
Hills Whixall Moss

Climate[edit] The climate of Shropshire
Shropshire
is moderate. Rainfall averages 760 to 1,000 mm (30 to 40 in), influenced by being in the rainshadow of the Cambrian Mountains
Cambrian Mountains
from warm, moist frontal systems of the Atlantic Ocean which bring generally light precipitation in Autumn and Spring.[33] The hilly areas in the south and west are much colder in the winter, due to their high elevation, they share a similar climate to that of the Welsh Marches
Welsh Marches
and Mid-Wales. The flat northern plain in the north and east has a similar climate to that of the rest of the West Midlands. Being rural and inland, temperatures can fall more dramatically on clear winter nights than in many other parts of England. It was at Harper Adams University, in Edgmond, where on 10 January 1982 the lowest temperature weather record for England
England
was broken (and is kept to this day): -26.1 °C. The only Met Office weather station in the county is located at Shawbury, which is in the north, between Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
and Market Drayton.

Harper Adams University, where on 10 January 1982 the coldest temperature ever in England
England
was recorded.

Climate
Climate
data for Shawbury
Shawbury
72m asl (1981-2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 7.2 (45) 7.5 (45.5) 10.1 (50.2) 12.7 (54.9) 16.0 (60.8) 18.8 (65.8) 21.0 (69.8) 20.6 (69.1) 17.9 (64.2) 13.9 (57) 10.0 (50) 7.2 (45) 13.58 (56.44)

Average low °C (°F) 0.8 (33.4) 0.6 (33.1) 2.3 (36.1) 3.5 (38.3) 6.5 (43.7) 9.3 (48.7) 11.3 (52.3) 11.1 (52) 9.1 (48.4) 6.3 (43.3) 3.2 (37.8) 0.9 (33.6) 5.41 (41.73)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 56.3 (2.217) 39.0 (1.535) 46.5 (1.831) 49.1 (1.933) 53.5 (2.106) 53.4 (2.102) 53.9 (2.122) 59.4 (2.339) 57.2 (2.252) 67.8 (2.669) 61.5 (2.421) 62.3 (2.453) 659.9 (25.98)

Average rainy days (≥ 1.0mm) 11.7 9.5 11.0 10.6 10.0 9.5 9.6 9.9 9.2 11.4 12.0 12.0 126.4

Mean monthly sunshine hours 53.2 72.4 104.5 148.5 188.9 180.7 192.4 175.6 131.7 99.4 61.1 45.4 1,453.8

Source: Met Office[34]

Geology[edit] Main article: Geology of Shropshire

Road near Rockhill.

Shropshire
Shropshire
has a huge range of different types of rocks, stretching from the Precambrian
Precambrian
until the Holocene. In the northern part of the county there are examples of Jurassic, Carboniferous, Permian
Permian
and Triassic. Centrally, Precambrian, Cambrian, Ordovician, Carboniferous and Permian
Permian
predominate. And in the south it is predominantly Silurian and Quaternary. Shropshire
Shropshire
has a number of areas with Silurian
Silurian
and Ordivician rocks, where a number of shells, corals and trilobites can be found. Mortimer Forest and Wenlock Edge
Wenlock Edge
are examples where a number of fossils can be found. Statistical[edit] For Eurostat
Eurostat
purposes, the county (less the unitary district of Telford
Telford
and Wrekin) is a NUTS 3 region (code UKG22). The two Shropshire
Shropshire
unitary areas (covering all of the ceremonial county), together with the authorities covering the ceremonial county of Staffordshire, comprise the " Shropshire
Shropshire
and Staffordshire" NUTS 2 region. Emblems[edit] Shropshire
Shropshire
county flag[edit]

The Shropshire
Shropshire
county flag, officially adopted in 2012

The Shropshire
Shropshire
county flag was registered with the Flag Institute
Flag Institute
in March 2012.[4] It shows three leopard heads ('loggerheads') on a gold and blue background. Main article: Flag of Shropshire Shropshire
Shropshire
coat of arms[edit] Shropshire's blazon is erminois, three pile azure, two issuant from the chief and one in base, each charged with a leopard's face. The arms were officially granted on June 18, 1896 and continued by the new authority in 2009. The heads are often referred to as "the loggerheads". This is thought to originate from the practice of carving a leopard head as a motif on the head of the log used as a battering ram.[5] Shropshire
Shropshire
county flower, round-leaved sundew[edit]

Drosera rotundifolia, Shropshire's county flower

In a national poll in 2002 conducted by Plantlife
Plantlife
International, the round-leaved sundew (drosera rotundifolia) was chosen as Shropshire's county flower.[6] The round-leaved sundew is a crimson-coloured insectivorous plant that requires a boggy habitat. Due to habitat loss its range is now dramatically reduced [7] and Shropshire's Longmynd
Longmynd
is one of the few areas in England
England
where it can now be found.[8] Shropshire
Shropshire
Day, 23 February[edit] Shropshire's county day is on 23 February, the feast day of St Milburga, abbess of Wenlock Priory. St Milburga was the daughter of Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
king Merewalh, who founded the abbey within his sub-kingdom of Magonsæte.[35] The town adjoining the priory is now known as Much Wenlock, and lies within the boundaries of the modern county of Shropshire. Shropshire
Shropshire
motto, Floreat Salopia[edit] Shropshire's motto is Floreat Salopia, meaning "May Shropshire flourish". Towns and villages[edit] Further information: List of places in Shropshire, Category:Towns in Shropshire, and Category:Villages in Shropshire Shropshire
Shropshire
has no cities, but 22 towns, of which two can be considered major. Telford
Telford
is the largest town in the county with a population of 138,241 (which is approximately 30% of the total Salopian populace); whereas the county town of Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
has a lower, but still sizeable population of 71,715 (15%). The other sizeable towns are Oswestry, Bridgnorth, Newport and Ludlow. The historic town of Wellington now makes up part of the Telford
Telford
conurbation. The majority of the other settlements can be classed as villages or small towns such as Much Wenlock. Several villages have larger populations than the smallest town, Clun. The largest of these, Bayston Hill, is the 10th most inhabited settlement in the county. The names of several villages close to the border are of Welsh origin, such as Gobowen
Gobowen
and Selattyn. The larger settlements are primarily concentrated in a central belt that roughly follows the A5/M54 roadway. Other settlements are concentrated on rivers, for example Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
and Ironbridge
Ironbridge
on the Severn, or Ludlow
Ludlow
on the Teme, as these waterways were historically vital for trade and a supply of water.[36]

Telford

Shrewsbury

Oswestry

Bridgnorth

Ceremonial county of Shropshire Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
shown within

     Rivers,      Motorways,      'A' Roads,      Settlements

Largest settlements (by population): Telford
Telford
(138,241) Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
(71,715) Oswestry
Oswestry
(15,613) Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
(12,212) Newport (10,814) Ludlow
Ludlow
(10,500) Market Drayton
Market Drayton
(10,407) Whitchurch (8,907) Shifnal
Shifnal
(7,094) Bayston Hill
Bayston Hill
(village) (5,079) Wem
Wem
(5,142) Broseley
Broseley
(4,912) Church Stretton
Church Stretton
(4,671) Albrighton (village) (4,157) Highley
Highley
(village) (3,605) Pontesbury
Pontesbury
(village) (3,500) Ellesmere (3,223) Prees (village) (2,688) Much Wenlock
Much Wenlock
(2,605) Craven Arms
Craven Arms
(2,289) Cleobury Mortimer
Cleobury Mortimer
(1,962) Bishop's Castle
Bishop's Castle
(1,630) Ruyton-XI-Towns
Ruyton-XI-Towns
(village) (1,500) Baschurch
Baschurch
(village) (1,475) Clun
Clun
(680)

Newport

Ludlow

Market Drayton

Whitchurch

The town of Telford
Telford
was created by the merger and expansion of older, small towns to the north and east of The Wrekin. These towns now have sizeable populations that now make up the population of Telford: Wellington (20,430),[37] Madeley (17,935),[citation needed] Dawley (11,399)[38] and Oakengates
Oakengates
(8,517),[citation needed] but the Telford and Wrekin borough towns incentive aims to make Oakengates
Oakengates
into the largest of the towns.[39] Politics[edit] See also: Shropshire local elections
Shropshire local elections
and Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
local elections

Election results 2001

Election results 2005 & 2010

Parliamentary constituencies[edit] The county has five parliamentary constituencies, four of which returned Conservative MPs at the 2005 general election and one, Telford, returned a Labour MP. This is a marked change from the 2001 general election result, where the county returned only one Conservative, three Labour and a Liberal Democrat to the Commons (see maps to the right) (Labour = Red, Conservatives = Blue and Liberal Democrats = Orange). The current MPs of Shropshire
Shropshire
are:

Lucy Allan, Conservative, Telford
Telford
(covering the town of Telford) Owen Paterson, Conservative, North Shropshire
North Shropshire
(covering the former North Shropshire
North Shropshire
and Oswestry
Oswestry
districts, now coextensive with the North area committee) Philip Dunne, Conservative, Ludlow
Ludlow
(covering the former South Shropshire
Shropshire
and (the majority of) Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
districts; now coextensive with the South area committee except for the part covered by the Wrekin constituency) Daniel Kawczynski, Conservative, Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
and Atcham
Atcham
(covering the former Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
and Atcham
Atcham
district; now coextensive with the Central area committee) Mark Pritchard, Conservative, The Wrekin
The Wrekin
(covering Telford
Telford
and Wrekin borough, minus Telford, and including a small area of the former Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
district/South area committee)

Constituency 1992 1997 2001 2005 2010 2015

Ludlow  CON  Christopher Gill  LD  Matthew Green  CON  Philip Dunne

North Shropshire  CON  John Biffen  CON  Owen Paterson

Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
& Atcham  CON  Derek Conway  LAB  Paul Marsden  LD  Paul Marsden  CON  Daniel Kawczynski

Telford  LAB  Bruce Grocott*  LAB  Bruce Grocott  LAB  David Wright  CON  Lucy Allan

The Wrekin  LAB  Peter Bradley  CON  Mark Pritchard

Note (*), The Wrekin
The Wrekin
(historic UK Parliament constituency) was split at the 1997 election.

Divisions and environs[edit] See also: List of civil parishes in Shropshire

Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
is Shropshire's county town and seat of Shropshire
Shropshire
Council.

Most of the ceremonial county of Shropshire
Shropshire
is covered for purposes of local government by Shropshire
Shropshire
Council, a unitary authority established in 2009. Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
is a unitary authority, with borough status, which forms part of the county for various functions such as Lord Lieutenant
Lord Lieutenant
but is a separate local authority from Shropshire
Shropshire
Council. However many services are shared across both authorities, such as the fire and rescue service, and the two authorities co-operate on some projects such as mapping flood risk.

The whole county (including Telford
Telford
and Wrekin) is served by the Shropshire
Shropshire
Fire and Rescue Service.

The new unitary authority for Shropshire, Shropshire
Shropshire
Council, divides the county into three areas, each with its own area committee: North, Central and South. These area committees deal with town and country planning matters. With the parishing of the formerly unparished area of Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
in 2008, the entire ceremonial county is now parished. The sizes of parishes varies enormously in terms of area covered and population resident. Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
is the most populous parish in the county (and one of the most populous in England) with over 70,000 residents, whilst Boscobel
Boscobel
is the smallest parish in Shropshire
Shropshire
by geographical area and by population, with just 12 residents according to the 2001 census.[40] The smaller parishes (with populations of less than 200) usually have a joint parish council with one or more neighbouring parishes, or in some instances, have a parish meeting (such as in Sibdon Carwood). The urban area of Telford
Telford
is divided into many parishes, each covering a particular suburb, some of which are historic villages or towns (such as Madeley). The parish remains an important sub-division and tier of local government in both unitary authority areas of Shropshire.

Neighbouring Counties

Wrexham/Clwyd Cheshire Staffordshire

Powys

SHROPSHIRE

Staffordshire

Powys Herefordshire Worcestershire

Local government 1974–2009[edit]

The ceremonial county prior to the 2009 local government restructuring, with just Telford
Telford
& Wrekin as a unitary authority (shown yellow)

In 1974 the non-metropolitan county of Shropshire
Shropshire
was constituted, covering the entire county. There was a two-tier system of local government, constituting a county council (as the upper tier) and six district councils – Bridgnorth, North Shropshire, Oswestry, Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
and Atcham, South Shropshire
South Shropshire
and The Wrekin. In 1998 The Wrekin became a unitary authority, administratively separate from the county council, and became Telford
Telford
and Wrekin. The two-tier structure remained in the remainder of the county and was the least populated two-tier area in England. Oswestry
Oswestry
and Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
& Atcham
Atcham
were each granted borough status in 1974. Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
became a borough in 2002. 2009 restructuring[edit] See also: 2009 structural changes to local government in England

Shropshire's shirehall is located opposite Lord Hill's Column.

In 2006 a local government white paper supported proposals for new unitary authorities to be set up in England
England
in certain areas. Existing non-metropolitan counties with small populations, such as Cornwall, Northumberland
Northumberland
and Shropshire, were favoured by the government to be covered by unitary authorities in one form or another (the county either becoming a single unitary authority, or be broken into a number of unitary authorities). For the counties in the 2009 reorganisation, existing unitary authority areas within the counties' ceremonial boundaries (such as Telford
Telford
and Wrekin) were not to be affected and no boundary changes were planned. Shropshire
Shropshire
County Council, supported by South Shropshire
South Shropshire
District Council and Oswestry
Oswestry
Borough Council, proposed to the government that the non-metropolitan county of Shropshire
Shropshire
become a single unitary authority. This was opposed by the other 3 districts in the county, with Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
& Atcham
Atcham
Borough Council taking their objection to the High Court in a judicial review. The proposal to create a Shropshire
Shropshire
unitary authority, covering the area of the existing non-metropolitan county, was supported by the DCLG and 1 April 2009 was set as the date for the re-organisation to take place. The first elections to Shropshire Council
Shropshire Council
took place on 4 June 2009, with the former Shropshire
Shropshire
County Council being the continuing authority and its councillors became the first members of the new Shropshire Council
Shropshire Council
on 1 April. Part of the proposals include parishing and establishing a town council for Shrewsbury. The parish was created on 13 May 2008 and is the second most populous civil parish in England
England
(only Weston-super-Mare
Weston-super-Mare
has a greater population) with a population of over 70,000. Political control of councils[edit] Shropshire Council
Shropshire Council
has been under Conservative control since the first election held in 2009; Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
Council has been under Labour control since 2011. Transport[edit]

Montgomery Canal
Montgomery Canal
at Maesbury Marsh.

See also: Railways of Shropshire

The direct InterCity from Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
to London Euston
London Euston
with a DVT and mailbags delivering the Royal Mail
Royal Mail
at a time when British Rail
British Rail
ran the network.

Shropshire
Shropshire
is connected to the rest of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
via a number of road and rail links. Historically, rivers and later canals in the county were used for transport also, although their use in transport is now significantly reduced. The county's main transport hub is Shrewsbury, through which many significant roads and railways pass and join. Canals in Britain were originally constructed for the transport of goods, but are now mainly used for leisure. In northern Shropshire three canals with a total navigable length of 41 miles (66 km) are managed by the Canal & River Trust: the Shropshire
Shropshire
Union Canal (from north of Adderley
Adderley
to near Knighton), the Llangollen Canal
Llangollen Canal
(from Chirk Aqueduct
Chirk Aqueduct
to Grindley Brook) and the Montgomery Canal
Montgomery Canal
(from its beginning at Frankton Junction
Frankton Junction
to Llanymynech). In addition, the Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
and Newport Canal potentially could be restored in the future.[41]

The M54 Motorway
M54 Motorway
runs through the east of the county, as far as Wellington.

Major roads in the county include the M54 motorway, which connects Shropshire
Shropshire
to the rest of the motorway network, and more specifically to the West Midlands county. The A5 also runs through the county, in an east-west direction. The road formerly ran through Shrewsbury, although a large dual-carriageway bypass has since been built. Other major trunk roads in the county include the north-south A49, the A53 and the A41. There are a number of major railway lines running through the county, including the Welsh Marches
Welsh Marches
Line, the Heart of Wales
Wales
Line, the Cambrian
Cambrian
Line, the Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
to Chester Line and the Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
to Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Line, as well as heritage railways including the well established Severn Valley Railway. The Cambrian
Cambrian
Heritage Railway exists in Oswestry. The three train operating companies working in the county are London Midland, Arriva Trains Wales
Wales
and Virgin Trains. A new company, Wrexham
Wrexham
& Shropshire, commenced services from Shropshire
Shropshire
to London Marylebone station, in spring 2008 but the service was discontinued on 28 January 2011 leaving Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
without a direct link to the capital.[42] Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
commenced services from Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
to London Euston
London Euston
station on 11 December 2014.[43] Two major water supply aqueducts run across Shropshire; the Elan aqueduct running through South Shropshire
South Shropshire
carrying water from Elan Valley to Birmingham
Birmingham
and the Vyrnwy Aqueduct running through North Shropshire
Shropshire
delivering water from Lake Vyrnwy
Lake Vyrnwy
to Liverpool. Economy[edit]

The Royal Air Force's Defence Helicopter Flying School is based at RAF Shawbury.

Shrewsbury's town centre contains the Darwin, Pride Hill and Riverside shopping centres, as well as more traditional historic retail areas.

Telford
Telford
Plaza in Telford
Telford
Town Centre.

The economy of Shropshire
Shropshire
was traditionally dominated by agriculture.[44] However, in more recent years it has become more service orientated. The county town of Shrewsbury, the historic castle-dominated Ludlow, the International Olympic Movement's birthplace Much Wenlock
Much Wenlock
and the industrial birthplace of Ironbridge Gorge are the foremost tourist areas in Shropshire,[45] along with the restored canal network which provides narrowboat holidays on the Shropshire Union Canal
Shropshire Union Canal
and other canals in the region, although the natural beauty of the county draws people to all areas. Industry is mostly found in Telford, Oswestry, Whitchurch, Market Drayton and Shrewsbury, though small industrial estates can be found in most of the market towns as well as former airfields in rural areas. Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
is becoming a centre for distribution and warehousing, as it is located on a nodal point of the regional road network.[46][47] In Telford, a new rail freight facility has been built at Donnington with the future goal of extending the line to Stafford, this is hoped it would open the freight terminal up to the East Midlands
East Midlands
and the north, plus also re-connect Newport to the rail network.[47][48] Telford
Telford
and Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
are the county's two main retail centres, with contrasting styles of shopping – Shrewsbury's largely historic streets and Telford's large modern mall, Telford
Telford
Shopping Centre.[49] Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
also has two medium-sized shopping centres, the indoor "Pride Hill" and "Darwin" centres (both located on Pride Hill),[50] and a smaller, partially covered, "Riverside Mall". Shrewsbury's situation of being the nearest substantial town for those in a large area of mid- Wales
Wales
helps it draw in considerable numbers of shoppers, notably on Saturday. Well-known companies in Shropshire
Shropshire
include Müller Dairy (UK) Ltd in Market Drayton.[51] The Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
have two bases at RAF Cosford and RAF Shawbury,[52] and the charity PDSA has its head office in Priorslee, Telford.[53] Statistics[edit] Below is the chart of regional gross value added for the non-metropolitan county (that is, excluding Telford
Telford
& Wrekin) of Shropshire
Shropshire
at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British pounds sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[54] Agriculture[55] Industry[56] Services[57]

1995 2,388 238 618 1,533

2000 2,977 177 739 2,061

2003 3,577 197 843 2,538

With the statistics for the borough of Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
included, the following represents the ceremonial county:

Year Regional Gross Value Added[54] Agriculture[55] Industry[56] Services[57]

1995 4,151 266 1,483 2,403

2000 5,049 197 1,512 3,340

2003 5,947 218 1,693 4,038

Education[edit]

Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
School, with its boathouse on the River Severn
River Severn
in the foreground.

See also: List of schools in Shropshire The Shropshire Council
Shropshire Council
area has a completely comprehensive education system, whilst in the borough of Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
there are two selective schools, both of which are located in Newport — these are the Adams' Grammar School
Adams' Grammar School
and Newport Girls' High School
Newport Girls' High School
(both of which are ranked within the top thirty schools in the country). In Telford
Telford
itself is the Thomas Telford
Telford
School, ranked as one of the best comprehensive schools in England.[58] Some Shropshire
Shropshire
children attend schools in Wales, including Llanfyllin High School.[59] The county has many independent schools, including Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
School, which Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
attended, and Oswestry
Oswestry
School, which was founded in 1407. There are three sixth-form colleges located in Shropshire: the New College, Telford, Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Sixth Form College and Ludlow
Ludlow
College. Adams' Grammar and Newport Girls' High Schools both provide sixth-form education as well as secondary education. There are also two institutions of higher education in Shropshire, the Telford
Telford
campus of the University of Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
and in Edgmond, near Newport, Harper Adams University, which formerly offered mostly agriculture-based degrees but is expanding its range of provision. A third higher education institution is planned to be created in Shrewsbury, which will be a campus of the University of Chester.[60] In Ironbridge, the University of Birmingham
Birmingham
operates the Ironbridge Institute in partnership with the Ironbridge Gorge
Ironbridge Gorge
Museum Trust, which offers postgraduate and professional development courses in heritage. Shropshire
Shropshire
has the highest educational attainment in the West Midlands region.[61]

v t e

Schools in Shropshire
Shropshire
(including Telford
Telford
and Wrekin)

Secondary

Abraham Darby Academy Belvidere School Bishop's Castle
Bishop's Castle
Community College Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
Endowed School Burton Borough School Charlton School Church Stretton
Church Stretton
School The Corbet School Ercall Wood Technology College The Grange School Hadley Learning Community Holy Trinity Academy Idsall School Lacon Childe School Lakelands Academy Ludlow
Ludlow
Church of England
England
School Madeley Academy The Marches School Mary Webb
Mary Webb
School Meole Brace School Oldbury Wells School The Priory School St Martin's School Sir John Talbot’s School Sundorne School Telford
Telford
Langley School Telford
Telford
Park School Telford
Telford
Priory School Thomas Adams School Thomas Telford
Telford
School William Brookes School

Grammar

Adams' Grammar School Newport Girls High School

Independent (preparatory)

Castle House School Moor Park School Packwood Haugh School Prestfelde School

Independent (senior)

Adcote
Adcote
School for Girls Concord College Ellesmere College Moreton Hall School Oswestry
Oswestry
School Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
High School Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
School Wrekin College

Sixth form colleges

Ludlow
Ludlow
College New College Telford Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Sixth Form College

Further education colleges

Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
College of Arts & Technology Telford
Telford
College of Arts and Technology Walford and North Shropshire
North Shropshire
College

Universities

Harper Adams University University of Wolverhampton University Centre Shrewsbury

Defunct

Wakeman School

Places of interest[edit]

Adcote
Adcote
nr.Shrewsbury Aqualate Hall, Newport Attingham Park, Atcham Benthall Hall, Broseley Blists Hill, Madeley Boscobel
Boscobel
House, nr. Wolverhampton Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
Cliff Railway, Bridgnorth Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
Castle, Bridgnorth Brown Clee Hill, South Shropshire Burford House Caer Caradoc, nr. Church Stretton Cambrian
Cambrian
Heritage Railway, Oswestry
Oswestry
and Llynclys Chetwynd Park, Newport Cardingmill Valley, Church Stretton Clun
Clun
Castle, Clun Flounder's Folly, nr. Craven Arms Fordhall castle and farm Haughmond Hill, nr. Shrewsbury

Haughmond Abbey

Hawkstone Park, North Shropshire Hopton Castle, nr. Craven Arms Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge Kynaston's Cave, nr. Nesscliffe Langley Chapel, nr. Shrewsbury The Long Mynd, Church Stretton

Ludlow
Ludlow
Castle, Ludlow Mitchell's Fold, nr. Chirbury Moreton Corbet
Moreton Corbet
Castle, Moreton Corbet Newport Guildhall, Newport Offa's Dyke
Offa's Dyke
Path, Welsh Marches Puleston Cross, Newport Severn Valley Railway, Bridgnorth Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Abbey, Shrewsbury Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Castle, Shrewsbury Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
(AONB), South Shropshire Shropshire
Shropshire
Union Canal Snailbeach
Snailbeach
nr. Shrewsbury South Telford
Telford
Heritage Trail, Telford St Laurence Church, Ludlow The Stiperstones, nr Pontesbury Stokesay Castle, nr Craven Arms Sunnycroft, Wellington Telford
Telford
Steam Railway, Telford Titterstone Clee Hill, nr. Ludlow Wenlock Edge, Much Wenlock

Wenlock Priory

White Ladies Priory Whittington Castle, nr. Oswestry The Wrekin
The Wrekin
(and Ercall) nr. Wellington Wroxeter, nr. Atcham

Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Castle

Attingham Park
Attingham Park
Mansion

Famous people[edit]

Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
(1809–82), whose theory of evolution by natural selection is the foundation of modern biological sciences

Clive of India statue in Shrewsbury's Square

Abraham Darby, early industrialist Adrian Jones, sculptor of the Quadriga at Hyde Park Corner Alison Williamson, of Church Stretton, Archery Olympic bronze medalist Amy Bagshaw, an international gymnast, forced to retire early due to injury. Barbara Pym, novelist Billy Wright, Born in Ironbridge, Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Wanderers football player as well as England
England
captain Charles Babbage, early computing pioneer (lived at Dudmaston Hall) Charles Darwin, eminent naturalist Chris Hawkins (of Loppington), radio presenter, DJ Craig Phillips
Craig Phillips
of Newport, winner of Big Brother 2000 The Lords and Ladies Craven, historically residing in Stokesay Castle David Edwards, footballer (born in Shrewsbury), Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C & Wales Edith Pargeter
Edith Pargeter
(1913–1995), author Edmund Plowden
Edmund Plowden
(1518–1585), legal scholar and theorist Sir Edmund Plowden
Edmund Plowden
(1590–1659), Proprietor, Earl Palatine and Governor of New Albion Edric the Wild, an Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
magnate Eglantyne Jebb
Eglantyne Jebb
of Ellesmere, social reformer and founder of the Save the Children Fund Fred Jordan farm worker from Ludlow
Ludlow
and one of the great traditional English singers George Jeffreys of Wem, infamous judge Greg Davies, comedian and actor grew up in Wem Humphrey Kynaston (1474–1534), highwayman Isobel Cooper (Izzy), famous opera singer from Much Wenlock Ivan Jones, writer of The Ghost Hunter Joe Hart, born in Shrewsbury, Manchester City and England
England
goalkeeper John Mytton, 'Mad Jack' Mytton, Regency rake, MP, gambler and horseman John Wilkinson, of Broseley, industrialist Jonathan Corbett TV presenter, K. K. Downing, guitarist with Judas Priest Lara Jones, writer of the Poppy Cat books Len Murray, former head of the T.U.C. Mal Lewis Jones, writer Mary Beard, classicist and public personality at Cambridge University Mary Webb
Mary Webb
(1881–1927), author Matthew Webb, first man to swim the English Channel Mirabel Osler, author Pete Postlethwaite, actor lived near Church Stretton
Church Stretton
until his death in 2011 Sir Philip Sidney, prominent Elizabethan Rajesh Mirchandani, TV presenter Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, 'Clive of India' Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill, Napoleonic era general Roy Wood, of Wem, in the band Wizzard Stephen Marchant, ornithologist Stewart Lee, stand-up comedian, writer and director. Sybil Ruscoe, TV and radio presenter T'Pau, 1980s pop group Trevor Rees-Jones, bodyguard and author Tricia Sullivan, American science fiction author lives in Shropshire Wilfred Owen, leading First World War
First World War
poet William Farr, epidemiologist and early bio-statistician William Henry Griffith Thomas, (1861–1924) evangelical Anglican theologian William Penny Brookes, founder Wenlock Olympian Games, founding father, International Olympic Movement, William Wycherley, Restoration dramatist and playwright famous for The Country Wife

Cultural references[edit]

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A 1984 film adaptation of A Christmas Carol
A Christmas Carol
was filmed in Shrewsbury. Scrooge's fictional grave remains in the churchyard of St. Chad's Church.

Shropshire
Shropshire
has been depicted and mentioned in a number of works of literature. The poet A. E. Housman used Shropshire
Shropshire
as the setting for many of the poems in his first book, A Shropshire
Shropshire
Lad, and many of Malcolm Saville's children's books are set in Shropshire. Additionally, D. H. Lawrence's novella, St. Mawr, is partially set in the Longmynd
Longmynd
area of South Shropshire. The early twentieth century novelist and poet Mary Webb
Mary Webb
was born in Shropshire
Shropshire
and lived most of her life there, and all her novels are set there, most notably Precious Bane, with its powerful evocation of the Shropshire
Shropshire
countryside. A school in Pontesbury
Pontesbury
bears her name. In Susanna Clarke's Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell, Jonathan Strange is from the county, and some parts of the book are set there. Another fictional character from Shropshire
Shropshire
is Mr Grindley, from Charles Dickens' Bleak House. P. G. Wodehouse's fictional Blandings Castle, the ancestral home of Clarence, the ninth Earl of Emsworth, is located in Shropshire. Also from Shropshire
Shropshire
is Psmith, a fictional character in a series of Wodehouse's novels. In The Importance of Being Earnest, Algernon attempts to trick Jack into revealing the location of his country home by inferring he resides in Shropshire. The 1856 plantation literature novel White Acre vs. Black Acre by William M. Burwell features two Shropshire
Shropshire
farms acting as an allegory for American slavery – White Acre Farm being the abolitionist Northern United States, and Black Acre Farm being the slaveholding Southern United States. The county has also appeared in film: the 1984 film version of Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol
A Christmas Carol
was filmed in Shrewsbury. The 2005 sit-com The Green Green Grass
The Green Green Grass
is set in Shropshire
Shropshire
and is filmed near Bridgnorth. Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Abbey of Shropshire
Shropshire
features in The Cadfael Chronicles; Brother Cadfael
Brother Cadfael
is a member of the community at the Abbey.[62] In the film Howards End, Mr. Wilcox's daughter gets married in Shropshire. Part of the novel is set near Clun.

Sport[edit]

The New Meadow
New Meadow
football stadium, home to Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Town Football Club.

Hawkstone Motocross
Motocross
Circuit.

There are a significant number of sporting clubs and facilities in Shropshire, many of which are found in Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
and Telford
Telford
in addition to a number of clubs found locally throughout the county. Shropshire
Shropshire
is home to a variety of established amateur, semi-pro and professional sports clubs. The county is home to one of five National Sports Centres. Situated at Lilleshall Hall
Lilleshall Hall
just outside Newport in Lilleshall, this is where the 1966 England
England
National football team trained for two weeks prior to their success in the World Cup of 1966. Football[edit] The three highest football (and only professional) clubs in the county are Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Town (English League One), Telford
Telford
United (English Conference) and The New Saints (Welsh Premier) in Oswestry. There are numerous amateur football clubs in lower leagues, the highest of which is Market Drayton
Market Drayton
Town. The governing body in the county is the Shropshire
Shropshire
Football Association, who organise a number of county-wide cup competitions, including the Shropshire
Shropshire
Senior Cup. In May 2012 the Mercian Regional Football League
Mercian Regional Football League
was created, replacing the Shropshire County Premier Football League
Shropshire County Premier Football League
and Telford Combination. As of the 2016–17 football season[update] the following Shropshire
Shropshire
clubs play in these English leagues (the highest team of each club shown only):

Level League Clubs

3 League One Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Town

6 National League North Telford
Telford
United

8 Northern Premier League Division One South Market Drayton
Market Drayton
Town

9 Midland Football League
Midland Football League
Premier Division Shawbury
Shawbury
United

10 West Midlands (Regional) League
West Midlands (Regional) League
Premier Division A.F.C. Bridgnorth, Ellesmere Rangers, Haughmond, Shifnal
Shifnal
Town, Wellington Amateurs

11 West Midlands (Regional) League
West Midlands (Regional) League
Division One Newport Town, St Martins, Wem
Wem
Town

13 and 14 Mercian Regional Football League

Also, some clubs situated near the Welsh border play in the Welsh league system:

Level League Clubs

1 Welsh Premier League The New Saints

5 Mid Wales
Wales
South League Newcastle

Montgomeryshire Football League Division One Morda United

6 Montgomeryshire Football League Division Two Bishop's Castle
Bishop's Castle
Town, Trefonen

Other sports[edit] The county has one American football
American football
team, Shropshire
Shropshire
Revolution, which was founded in 2006, and is a club in the British American Football League. Former teams in the county have included the Wrekin Giants, which ran from 1985 to 1989 and the Shropshire Giants which ran in 1989. Shropshire
Shropshire
has a number of rugby clubs, including Newport (Salop) Rugby Union Football Club, the highest-leveled team in the county, playing in the National League 3 Midlands.

Shropshire Star Newport Nocturne
Shropshire Star Newport Nocturne
Bike race 2006

The area also has a rich motorsports heritage, with the Loton Park Hillclimb and Hawkstone Park
Hawkstone Park
Motocross
Motocross
Circuit situated near Shrewsbury. Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Motocross
Motocross
Club has staged motocross events in the area for over 30 years. There is additionally an ice hockey club in the county, the Telford
Telford
Tigers. The county has a number of private and public golf courses, including the Church Stretton
Church Stretton
Golf Club, situated on the slopes of the Long Mynd. It is the oldest 18-hole golf course in Shropshire, opened in 1898, and one of the highest in the United Kingdom. There is one notable horse racing racecourse in Shropshire, near Ludlow, the Ludlow Racecourse. One of the biggest one-day events in Shropshire
Shropshire
and the biggest one-day cycle race in the UK is the Shropshire Star
Shropshire Star
Newport Nocturne; held every four years, it is Britain's only floodlit cycle race.[63] The historic Wenlock Olympian Society Annual Games
Wenlock Olympian Society Annual Games
are held annually in Much Wenlock
Much Wenlock
during the second weekend in July. A four-day festival, the Games include cricket, volleyball, tennis, bowls, badminton, triathlon, 10k road race, track and field events, archery, five-a-side football, veteran cycle events, clay pigeon shooting and a golf competition. See also[edit]

7603 Salopia – an asteroid named after the county 53rd Regiment of Foot – former British Army
British Army
regiment Shropshire Archives – collects and makes accessible archives and books relating to the county Etymological list of counties – list of name origins Healthcare in Shropshire Shropshire
Shropshire
Family History Society Diocese
Diocese
of Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
– Roman Catholic diocese which covers all of Shropshire Shropshire Star
Shropshire Star
– local newspaper covering the county Shropshire
Shropshire
Blue cheese Shropshire (Detached)
Shropshire (Detached)
- Halesowen Wenlock Olympian Society – organisers of the Wenlock Olympian Games, Live Arts Festival and Rock Band Showdown

References[edit]

^ "The High Sheriff of Shropshire 2017-18". The High Sheriff of Shropshire. Retrieved 10 June 2017.  ^ Rogers, Simon (19 May 2011). "Ethnic breakdown of England
England
and Wales mapped". The Guardian.  ^ SHROPS – What does SHROPS stand for? Acronyms and abbreviations by the Free Online Dictionary. Acronyms.thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
– Tourist Information & Accommodation for Shrewsbury, Shropshire. ^ Wrexham
Wrexham
& Shropshire :: Telford
Telford
Archived 17 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. ^ Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Page on UNESCO World Heritage website. Whc.unesco.org (6 March 2007). Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ BBC – Shropshire
Shropshire
– Features – Industrial Archeology. ^ Shropshire Hills
Shropshire Hills
AONB. Shropshire Hills
Shropshire Hills
AONB. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ shropshirerocks.org: The Wrekin
The Wrekin
& The Ercall[dead link] ^ shropshirerocks.org: Brown Clee Hill[dead link] ^ shropshirerocks.org: The Stiperstones[dead link] ^ shropshirerocks.org: The Long Mynd[dead link] ^ shropshirerocks.org: Wenlock Edge
Wenlock Edge
Archived 19 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Moss".  ^ Shropshire
Shropshire
Council. Shropshire.gov.uk (15 July 2011). Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ website Archived 6 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Plantlife.org.uk. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ Article on Shropshire
Shropshire
Archived 2 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. 1911encyclopedia.org (21 January 2009). Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ http. //www.britannica.com. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ [1] Archived 14 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Museums Service – Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Castle & The Shropshire
Shropshire
Regimental Museum. Shrewsburymuseums.com. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ Trinder, Barrie (1983). A History of Shropshire. Phillimore. p. 46.  ^ Secret Shropshire
Shropshire
Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Secret Shropshire. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ " Climate
Climate
in Wales". Archived from the original on 14 August 2007.  ^ Williams, Ann (2003). Æthelred the Unready: The Ill-Counselled King. London: Hambeldon & London. pp. 77–78. ISBN 1-85285-382-4.  ^ About Shropshire
Shropshire
Calverhall Village ^ County's name change colonel dies BBC News ^ "No. 48124". The London Gazette. 11 March 1980. p. 3797.  ^ Vision of Britain – Ancient county boundaries ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2011.  ^ Toursim, Shropshire. "Map of Church Stretton
Church Stretton
- Accommodation, Shops and More". Retrieved 2016-08-16.  ^ page 2[dead link] ^ West Midlands at www.naturalengland.org.uk. Accessed on 5 Apr 2013. ^ " Shropshire
Shropshire
– MSN Encarta". Archived from the original on 18 July 2008. Retrieved 24 February 2008.  ^ " Shawbury
Shawbury
1981–2010 averages". UK government. Met Office. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ [2] ^ Shropshire
Shropshire
Routes to Roots Sources and collections Trade directories Archived 12 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. .shropshire-cc.gov.uk (13 July 2007). Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2010.  ^ Shropshire
Shropshire
– Your Place and Mine – Dawley. BBC. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ Oakengates
Oakengates
lined up for huge revamp «  Shropshire
Shropshire
Star. Shropshirestar.com. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ National Statistics Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
district parishes ^ Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
and Newport Canal Trust. Sncanal.org.uk. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ "Last Wrexham-Shropshire-London train departs". BBC News. 28 January 2011.  ^ "Direct rail services from Shropshire
Shropshire
to London will start on December 14". Shropshire
Shropshire
Star. 22 September 2014.  ^ http. //www.discovershropshire.org.uk (26 September 2006). Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ Shropshire
Shropshire
Towns – Towns in Shropshire, Shrewsbury, Ironbridge, Ludlow, Bridgnorth, Oswestry. Shropshiretourism.co.uk (21 March 2011). Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ 'Gateway to Wales'. British-towns.net. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ a b Lords Hansard text for 20 Jul 200920 July 2009 (pt 0002). Publications.parliament.uk (20 July 2009). Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ Call to reopen Wellington to Stafford
Stafford
Railway line «  Shropshire
Shropshire
Star. Shropshirestar.com. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ Telford
Telford
Shopping Centre. Telfordshopping.co.uk. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ "Darwin Shopping Centre". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.  ^ Müller Faqs Archived 23 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ RAF – Stations Archived 5 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Contact Us Archived 22 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. PDSA (29 July 2011). Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ a b Components may not sum to totals due to rounding ^ a b includes hunting and forestry ^ a b includes energy and construction ^ a b includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured ^ GCSE: Top comprehensive schools – The Times ^ Thomas, William Gwyn (25 June 2009). "A report on the quality of education in Llanfyllin High School". Estyn. Retrieved 26 April 2015.  ^ Shropshire Star
Shropshire Star
New university for Shropshire
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given go ahead (28 March 2014) ^ Defra UK; ERDP – West Midlands ERDP Regional Chapter Archived 11 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Cadfael Literature/ITV.com Cadfael Classic TV Profile http://www.itv.com/ClassicTVshows/crime/Cadfael/default.html ^ [3] Archived 28 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shropshire.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Shropshire.

 "Shropshire". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). 1911.  Shropshire
Shropshire
Council Shropshire
Shropshire
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Shropshire
Shropshire
Star Visit Shropshire shropshirelive.com Images of Shropshire
Shropshire
at the English Heritage Archive The History of Parliament: the House of Commons - Shropshire, County, 1386 to 1831

v t e

Ceremonial county of Shropshire

Unitary authorities

Shropshire
Shropshire
Council Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
Council

Major settlements

Bishop's Castle Bridgnorth Broseley Church Stretton Cleobury Mortimer Clun Craven Arms Ellesmere Ludlow Market Drayton Much Wenlock Newport Oswestry Shifnal Shrewsbury Telford
Telford
(Dawley Madeley Oakengates Wellington) Wem Whitchurch See also: List of civil parishes in Shropshire

Rivers

Camlad Clun Corve Ledwyche Onny Perry Rea Rea Brook Redlake Roden Severn Teme Tern Unk Vyrnwy Worfe

Canals

Llangollen Canal Montgomery Canal Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Canal Shropshire
Shropshire
Union Canal

Topics

Flag Geology Settlements History Museums Schools Parliamentary constituencies SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Railways Windmills

v t e

Districts of the West Midlands Region

Herefordshire

Herefordshire

Shropshire

Shropshire Telford
Telford
and Wrekin

Staffordshire

Cannock Chase East Staffordshire Lichfield Newcastle-under-Lyme South Staffordshire Stafford Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Moorlands Stoke-on-Trent Tamworth

Warwickshire

North Warwickshire Nuneaton and Bedworth Rugby Stratford-on-Avon Warwick

West Midlands

Birmingham Coventry Dudley Sandwell Solihull Walsall Wolverhampton

Worcestershire

Bromsgrove Malvern Hills Redditch Worcester Wychavon Wyre Forest

v t e

1974–1996 ←   Ceremonial counties of England   → current

Bedfordshire Berkshire Bristol Buckinghamshire Cambridgeshire Cheshire Cornwall Cumbria Derbyshire Devon Dorset Durham East Riding of Yorkshire East Sussex Essex Gloucestershire Greater London Greater Manchester Hampshire Herefordshire Hertfordshire Isle of Wight Kent Lancashire Leicestershire Lincolnshire City of London Merseyside Norfolk Northamptonshire Northumberland North Yorkshire Nottinghamshire Oxfordshire Rutland Shropshire Somerset South Yorkshire Staffordshire Suffolk Surrey Tyne and Wear Warwickshire West Midlands West Sussex West Yorkshire Wiltshire Worcestershire

v t e

Unitary authorities of England

Districts

Bath and North East Somerset Bedford Blackburn with Darwen Blackpool Bournemouth Bracknell Forest Brighton and Hove Bristol Central Bedfordshire Cheshire
Cheshire
East Cheshire
Cheshire
West and Chester Cornwall County Durham Darlington Derby East Riding of Yorkshire Halton Hartlepool Herefordshire Isle of Wight Kingston upon Hull Leicester Luton Medway Middlesbrough Milton Keynes North East Lincolnshire North Lincolnshire North Somerset Northumberland Nottingham Peterborough Plymouth Poole Portsmouth Reading Redcar and Cleveland Rutland Shropshire Slough Southampton Southend-on-Sea South Gloucestershire Stockton-on-Tees Stoke-on-Trent Swindon Telford
Telford
and Wrekin Thurrock Torbay Warrington West Berkshire Wiltshire Windsor and Maidenhead Wokingham York

Councils

Bath and North East Somerset Bedford Blackburn with Darwen Blackpool Bournemouth Bracknell Forest Brighton and Hove Bristol Central Bedfordshire Cheshire
Cheshire
East Cheshire
Cheshire
West and Chester Cornwall Derby Durham Darlington East Riding of Yorkshire Halton Hartlepool Herefordshire Isle of Wight Kingston upon Hull Leicester Luton Medway Middlesbrough Milton Keynes North East Lincolnshire North Lincolnshire North Somerset Northumberland Nottingham Peterborough Plymouth Poole Portsmouth Reading Redcar and Cleveland Rutland Shropshire Slough Southampton Southend-on-Sea South Gloucestershire Stockton-on-Tees Stoke-on-Trent Swindon Telford
Telford
and Wrekin Thurrock Torbay Warrington West Berkshire Wiltshire Windsor and Maidenhead Wokingham York

Local elections

Bath and North East Somerset Bedford Blackburn with Darwen Blackpool Bournemouth Bracknell Forest Brighton and Hove Bristol Central Bedfordshire Cheshire
Cheshire
East Cheshire
Cheshire
West and Chester Cornwall County Durham Darlington Derby East Riding of Yorkshire Halton Hartlepool Herefordshire Isle of Wight Kingston upon Hull Leicester Luton Medway Middlesbrough Milton Keynes North East Lincolnshire North Lincolnshire North Somerset Northumberland Nottingham Peterborough Plymouth Poole Portsmouth Reading Redcar and Cleveland Rutland Shropshire Slough Southampton Southend-on-Sea South Gloucestershire Stockton-on-Tees Stoke-on-Trent Swindon Telford
Telford
and Wrekin Thurrock Torbay Warrington West Berkshire Wiltshire Windsor and Maidenhead Wo

.