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Lithuania
Lithuania
is divided into three layers of administrative divisions. The first-level division consists of 10 counties (Lithuanian: singular – apskritis, plural – apskritys). These are sub-divided into 60 municipalities (Lithuanian: plural – savivaldybės, singular – savivaldybė), which in turn are further sub-divided into over 500 smaller groups, known as elderships (Lithuanian: plural – seniūnijos, singular – seniūnija). At the end of its tenure as a Soviet Socialist Republic, Lithuania's administrative divisions consisted of 44 regions, 12 cities, 80 towns, 19 settlements, and 426 rural districts.[1] The reform of this system was an immediate concern for the new government.[2] The Constitution of Lithuania, ratified in 1992, delegated the power of establishing future administrative units to the Lithuanian Parliament (Seimas). Accordingly, the Seimas
Seimas
passed two fundamental laws: a 1993 law on government representation and a 1994 law specifying the territorial-administrative units and their boundaries.[2] The current system of a set of municipalities under 10 counties was codified by 1995.[2] Several changes were made in 2000, resulting in 60 municipalities.[3] Ordinary municipal councilors are elected every four years from electoral lists using proportional representation. The mayor, who is a member of the council, is elected directly by the residents in a majority vote.[4] Before 2015, the mayors were elected by the municipal councils. The largest municipality by population in Lithuania
Lithuania
is Vilnius
Vilnius
City Municipality with 542,626 residents, home to one fifth (7001186000000000000♠18.6%) of the country's population. The smallest municipality by population is Neringa Municipality
Neringa Municipality
with 2,879 residents. The largest municipality by land area is Varėna
Varėna
District Municipality, which spans 2,216 km2 (856 sq mi), while the smallest is Alytus City Municipality
Alytus City Municipality
at 40 km2 (15 sq mi).

1 – Vilnius
Vilnius
City Municipality 2 – Kaunas
Kaunas
City Municipality 3 – Klaipėda
Klaipėda
City Municipality

4 – Panevėžys
Panevėžys
City Municipality 5 – Šiauliai
Šiauliai
City Municipality 6 – Alytus
Alytus
City Municipality

7 – Birštonas
Birštonas
Municipality 8 – Palanga
Palanga
City Municipality 9 – Visaginas
Visaginas
Municipality 10 – Neringa Municipality

Municipalities[edit]

Municipality County Administrative center[5] Area[6] Pop. (2015)[6] Density (2015)[6]

Akmenė District Municipality Siauliai !Šiauliai Naujoji Akmenė 7008844000000000000♠844 km2 (208,556.94 acres; 325.87 sq mi) 21,332 25.3

Alytus
Alytus
City Municipality Alytus Alytus 7007400000000000000♠40 km2 (9,884.22 acres; 15.44 sq mi) 55,614 1,390.4

Alytus
Alytus
District Municipality Alytus Alytus[nb 1] 7009140300000000000♠1,403 km2 (346,688.85 acres; 541.70 sq mi) 27,126 19.3

Anykščiai
Anykščiai
District Municipality Utena Anykščiai 7009176400000000000♠1,764 km2 (435,893.89 acres; 681.08 sq mi) 26,393 15.0

Birštonas
Birštonas
Municipality Kaunas Birštonas 7008122000000000000♠122 km2 (30,146.86 acres; 47.10 sq mi) 4,371 35.8

Biržai
Biržai
District Municipality Panevėžys Biržai 7009147600000000000♠1,476 km2 (364,727.54 acres; 569.89 sq mi) 25,937 17.6

Druskininkai
Druskininkai
Municipality Alytus Druskininkai 7008453000000000000♠453 km2 (111,938.74 acres; 174.90 sq mi) 20,728 45.8

Elektrėnai
Elektrėnai
Municipality Vilnius Elektrėnai 7008509000000000000♠509 km2 (125,776.64 acres; 196.53 sq mi) 24,164 47.5

Ignalina
Ignalina
District Municipality Utena Ignalina 7009144100000000000♠1,441 km2 (356,078.85 acres; 556.37 sq mi) 16,806 11.7

Jonava
Jonava
District Municipality Kaunas Jonava 7008943000000000000♠943 km2 (233,020.37 acres; 364.09 sq mi) 43,875 46.5

Joniškis
Joniškis
District Municipality Siauliai !Šiauliai Joniškis 7009115100000000000♠1,151 km2 (284,418.29 acres; 444.40 sq mi) 23,807 20.7

Jurbarkas
Jurbarkas
District Municipality Tauragė Jurbarkas 7009150600000000000♠1,506 km2 (372,140.70 acres; 581.47 sq mi) 28,162 18.7

Kaišiadorys
Kaišiadorys
District Municipality Kaunas Kaišiadorys 7009108700000000000♠1,087 km2 (268,603.55 acres; 419.69 sq mi) 31,915 29.4

Kalvarija Municipality Marijampolė Kalvarija 7008440000000000000♠440 km2 (108,726.37 acres; 169.88 sq mi) 11,486 26.1

Kaunas
Kaunas
City Municipality Kaunas Kaunas 7008157000000000000♠157 km2 (38,795.54 acres; 60.62 sq mi) 301,357 1919.5

Kaunas
Kaunas
District Municipality Kaunas Kaunas[nb 1] 7009149500000000000♠1,495 km2 (369,422.55 acres; 577.22 sq mi) 88,396 59.1

Kazlų Rūda
Kazlų Rūda
Municipality Marijampolė Kazlų Rūda 7008555000000000000♠555 km2 (137,143.49 acres; 214.29 sq mi) 12,494 22.5

Kėdainiai
Kėdainiai
District Municipality Kaunas Kėdainiai 7009167700000000000♠1,677 km2 (414,395.72 acres; 647.49 sq mi) 49,939 29.8

Kelmė
Kelmė
District Municipality Siauliai !Šiauliai Kelmė 7009170500000000000♠1,705 km2 (421,314.68 acres; 658.30 sq mi) 29,559 17.3

Klaipėda
Klaipėda
City Municipality Klaipėda Klaipėda 7007990000000000000♠99 km2 (24,463.43 acres; 38.22 sq mi) 156,141 1,577.2

Klaipėda
Klaipėda
District Municipality Klaipėda Gargždai 7009134000000000000♠1,340 km2 (331,121.21 acres; 517.38 sq mi) 52,831 39.4

Kretinga
Kretinga
District Municipality Klaipėda Kretinga 7008989000000000000♠989 km2 (244,387.22 acres; 381.86 sq mi) 39,758 40.2

Kupiškis
Kupiškis
District Municipality Panevėžys Kupiškis 7009108000000000000♠1,080 km2 (266,873.81 acres; 416.99 sq mi) 18,678 17.3

Lazdijai
Lazdijai
District Municipality Alytus Lazdijai 7009130600000000000♠1,306 km2 (322,719.63 acres; 504.25 sq mi) 20,813 15.9

Marijampolė
Marijampolė
Municipality Marijampolė Marijampolė 7008755000000000000♠755 km2 (186,564.56 acres; 291.51 sq mi) 58,027 76.9

Mažeikiai
Mažeikiai
District Municipality Telšiai Mažeikiai 7009121900000000000♠1,219 km2 (301,221.46 acres; 470.66 sq mi) 55,441 45.5

Molėtai
Molėtai
District Municipality Utena Molėtai 7009136700000000000♠1,367 km2 (337,793.06 acres; 527.80 sq mi) 19,233 14.1

Neringa Municipality Klaipėda Nida 7007900000000000000♠90 km2 (22,239.48 acres; 34.75 sq mi) 2,879 32.0

Pagėgiai
Pagėgiai
Municipality Tauragė Pagėgiai 7008536000000000000♠536 km2 (132,448.48 acres; 206.95 sq mi) 8,711 16.3

Pakruojis
Pakruojis
District Municipality Siauliai !Šiauliai Pakruojis 7009131500000000000♠1,315 km2 (324,943.58 acres; 507.72 sq mi) 21,555 16.4

Palanga
Palanga
City Municipality Klaipėda Palanga 7007790000000000000♠79 km2 (19,521.33 acres; 30.50 sq mi) 15,379 194.7

Panevėžys
Panevėžys
City Municipality Panevėžys Panevėžys 7007500000000000000♠50 km2 (12,355.27 acres; 19.31 sq mi) 95,202 1,904.0

Panevėžys
Panevėžys
District Municipality Panevėžys Panevėžys[nb 1] 7009217700000000000♠2,177 km2 (537,948.42 acres; 840.54 sq mi) 37,173 17.1

Pasvalys
Pasvalys
District Municipality Panevėžys Pasvalys 7009128900000000000♠1,289 km2 (318,518.84 acres; 497.69 sq mi) 26,213 20.3

Plungė
Plungė
District Municipality Telšiai Plungė 7009110500000000000♠1,105 km2 (273,051.45 acres; 426.64 sq mi) 36,052 32.6

Prienai
Prienai
District Municipality Kaunas Prienai 7009103200000000000♠1,032 km2 (255,012.75 acres; 398.46 sq mi) 28,181 27.3

Radviliškis
Radviliškis
District Municipality Siauliai !Šiauliai Radviliškis 7009163400000000000♠1,634 km2 (403,770.19 acres; 630.89 sq mi) 39,043 23.9

Raseiniai
Raseiniai
District Municipality Kaunas Raseiniai 7009157300000000000♠1,573 km2 (388,696.77 acres; 607.34 sq mi) 35,013 22.3

Rietavas
Rietavas
Municipality Telšiai Rietavas 7008586000000000000♠586 km2 (144,803.75 acres; 226.26 sq mi) 8,096 13.8

Rokiškis
Rokiškis
District Municipality Panevėžys Rokiškis 7009180600000000000♠1,806 km2 (446,272.32 acres; 697.30 sq mi) 32,191 17.8

Skuodas
Skuodas
District Municipality Klaipėda Skuodas 7008911000000000000♠911 km2 (225,113.00 acres; 351.74 sq mi) 18,498 20.3

Sakiai ! Šakiai
Šakiai
District Municipality Marijampolė Sakiai !Šakiai 7009145400000000000♠1,454 km2 (359,291.22 acres; 561.39 sq mi) 30,321 20.9

Salcininkai ! Šalčininkai
Šalčininkai
District Municipality Vilnius Salcininkai !Šalčininkai 7009149300000000000♠1,493 km2 (368,928.33 acres; 576.45 sq mi) 32,705 21.9

Siauliai ! Šiauliai
Šiauliai
City Municipality Siauliai !Šiauliai Siauliai !Šiauliai 7007810000000000000♠81 km2 (20,015.54 acres; 31.27 sq mi) 104,569 1,291.0

Siauliai ! Šiauliai
Šiauliai
District Municipality Siauliai !Šiauliai Siauliai !Šiauliai[nb 1] 7009180700000000000♠1,807 km2 (446,519.42 acres; 697.69 sq mi) 41,767 23.1

Silale ! Šilalė
Šilalė
District Municipality Tauragė Silale !Šilalė 7009118800000000000♠1,188 km2 (293,561.19 acres; 458.69 sq mi) 24,869 20.9

Silute ! Šilutė
Šilutė
District Municipality Klaipėda Silute !Šilutė 7009171400000000000♠1,714 km2 (423,538.62 acres; 661.78 sq mi) 41,814 24.4

Sirvintos ! Širvintos
Širvintos
District Municipality Vilnius Sirvintos !Širvintos 7008906000000000000♠906 km2 (223,877.48 acres; 349.81 sq mi) 16,333 18.0

Svencionys ! Švenčionys
Švenčionys
District Municipality Vilnius Svencionys !Švenčionys 7009169100000000000♠1,691 km2 (417,855.20 acres; 652.90 sq mi) 25,719 15.2

Tauragė
Tauragė
District Municipality Tauragė Tauragė 7009117900000000000♠1,179 km2 (291,337.24 acres; 455.21 sq mi) 41,341 35.1

Telšiai
Telšiai
District Municipality Telšiai Telšiai 7009143900000000000♠1,439 km2 (355,584.64 acres; 555.60 sq mi) 43,922 30.5

Trakai
Trakai
District Municipality Vilnius Trakai 7009120700000000000♠1,207 km2 (298,256.20 acres; 466.03 sq mi) 33,437 27.7

Ukmergė
Ukmergė
District Municipality Vilnius Ukmergė 7009139500000000000♠1,395 km2 (344,712.01 acres; 538.61 sq mi) 36,919 26.5

Utena District Municipality Utena Utena 7009123000000000000♠1,230 km2 (303,939.62 acres; 474.91 sq mi) 40,454 32.9

Varėna
Varėna
District Municipality Alytus Varėna 7009221600000000000♠2,216 km2 (547,585.53 acres; 855.60 sq mi) 23,528 10.6

Vilkaviškis
Vilkaviškis
District Municipality Marijampolė Vilkaviškis 7009126200000000000♠1,262 km2 (311,846.99 acres; 487.26 sq mi) 39,465 31.3

Vilnius
Vilnius
City Municipality Vilnius Vilnius 7008400000000000000♠400 km2 (98,842.15 acres; 154.44 sq mi) 542,626 1,356.6

Vilnius
Vilnius
District Municipality Vilnius Vilnius[nb 1] 7009212900000000000♠2,129 km2 (526,087.36 acres; 822.01 sq mi) 95,620 44.9

Visaginas
Visaginas
Municipality Utena Visaginas 7007580000000000000♠58 km2 (14,332.11 acres; 22.39 sq mi) 20,249 349.1

Zarasai
Zarasai
District Municipality Utena Zarasai 7009133100000000000♠1,331 km2 (328,897.26 acres; 513.90 sq mi) 17,035 12.8

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:Municipalities of Lithuania.

Administrative divisions of Lithuania Counties (Lithuanian: singular – apskritis, plural – apskritys) Elderships (or wards) (Lithuanian: plural – seniūnijos, singular – seniūnija). Seniūnaitija (sub-eldership) Cities (Lithuanian: plural – miestai, singular – miestas) Towns (Lithuanian: plural – miesteliai, singular – miestelis)

Notes and references[edit]

Notes

^ a b c d e The administrative centers in these municipalities are located outside of the municipality proper.

General

"Law on the Territorial Administrative Units and Their Boundaries". Lietuvos Respublikos Seimas. 30 March 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2011. 

Specific

^ Conference on Local and Regional Authority Co-operation in the Baltic Sea Area: proceedings, Kaunas, Lithuania, 21-23, April 1999. Council of Europe. January 2000. p. 9. ISBN 978-92-871-4538-3. Retrieved 16 February 2011.  ^ a b c Jolanta Vaičiūnienė (2008-11-14). "The Administrative–Territorial Reform in Lithuania: History and Today" (PDF). Council of Europe. Retrieved 16 February 2011.  ^ Local Economic and Employment Development (Program); Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (April 2007). Baltic partnerships: integration, growth and local governance in the Baltic Sea Region. OECD Publishing. p. 75. ISBN 978-92-64-02928-6. Retrieved 23 February 2011.  ^ "Law on elections to municipal councils". The Seimas
Seimas
of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 31 July 2015.  ^ Municipality administrative centers and coats of arms are given by Statistics Lithuania
Lithuania
in subpages under the Portrait of the Regions of Lithuania; e.g. Alytus
Alytus
town municipality. ^ a b c "Area (land) at the beginning of the year, Population density at the beginning of the year, Resident population at the beginning of the year". Statistics Lithuania. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 

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