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A city is a subtype of municipalities in the Canadian province of Ontario. A city can have the municipal status of either a single-tier or lower-tier municipality. Ontario has 51 cities[1] that had a cumulative population of 9,705,157 and an average population of 190,297 in the 2016 Census.[2] Ontario's largest and smallest cities are Toronto and Dryden with populations of 2,731,571 and 7,749 respectively.[2] Ontario's newest city is Markham, which changed from a town to a city on July 1, 2012.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Cities in Ontario 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] Under the former Municipal Act, 1990, a city was both an urban and a local municipality.[4] Under this former legislation, the Municipal Board could change the status of a village or town to a city, upon review of an application from the village or town, if it had a population of 15,000 or more.[4] The Municipal Board could also incorporate a township as a city under the same conditions with the exception that the population requirements was 25,000 or more.[4] In the event an application was received from a village, town or township located within a county, the application could have only been approved by the Municipal Board if authorized by the Minister of Municipal Affairs.[4] In the transition to the Municipal Act, 2001, these requirements were abandoned and, as at December 31, 2002, every city that:[5]

"existed and formed part of a county, a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford for municipal purposes" became a lower-tier municipality yet retained its name as a city; and "existed and did not form part of a county, a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford for municipal purposes" became a single-tier municipality yet retained its name as a city.

The current legislation also provides lower and single-tier municipalities with the authority to name themselves as "cities", or other former municipal status types such as "towns", "villages" or "townships", or generically as "municipalities".[6] Cities in Ontario[edit]

Toronto is Ontario's capital and Canada's largest city

Ottawa is Canada's capital and Ontario's second largest city

Downtown Brampton

Skyline of downtown Hamilton

Skyline of downtown London

Markham Civic Centre in Markham, Ontario's newest city

Vaughan as viewed from Canada's Wonderland

Downtown of Kitchener

Downtown of Windsor

Name[1][7] Municipal status[1] Census division[1][8] Population (2016)[2] Population (2011)[7] Change (%)[7] Area (km²)[7] Population density[7]

Barrie[ON 1] Single-tier Simcoe 7005141434000000000♠141,434 7005136063000000000♠136,063 7000390000000000000♠3.9 7001990400000000000♠99.04 7003142800000000000♠1,428.0

Belleville Single-tier Hastings 7004507160000000000♠50,716 7004494540000000000♠49,454 7000260000000000000♠2.6 7002247250000000000♠247.25 7002205100000000000♠205.1

Brampton[ON 2] Lower-tier Peel 7005593638000000000♠593,638 7005523911000000000♠523,911 7001133000000000000♠13.3 7002266360000000000♠266.36 7003222870000099999♠2,228.7

Brant Single-tier Brant 7004367070000000000♠36,707 7004356380000000000♠35,638 7000300000000000000♠3.0 7002843250000000000♠843.25 7001435000000000000♠43.5

Brantford[ON 3] Single-tier Brant 7004974960000000000♠97,496 7004936500000000000♠93,650 7000410009999999999♠4.1 7001724400000000000♠72.44 7003134590000000000♠1,345.9

Brockville Single-tier Leeds and Grenville 7004213460000000000♠21,346 7004218700000000000♠21,870 2999760000000000000♠−2.4 7001208500000000000♠20.85 7003102360000000000♠1,023.6

Burlington Lower-tier Halton 7005183314000000000♠183,314 7005175779000000000♠175,779 7000430000000000000♠4.3 7002185660000000000♠185.66 7002987300000000000♠987.3

Cambridge[ON 4] Lower-tier Waterloo 7005129920000000000♠129,920 7005126748000000000♠126,748 7000250000000000000♠2.5 7002113010000000000♠113.01 7003114960000099999♠1,149.6

Clarence-Rockland Lower-tier Prescott and Russell 7004245120000000000♠24,512 7004231850000000000♠23,185 7000570000000000000♠5.7 7002297700000000000♠297.71 7001823000000000000♠82.3

Cornwall Single-tier Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 7004465890000000000♠46,589 7004463400000000000♠46,340 6999500000000000000♠0.5 7001615600000000000♠61.56 7002756800000000000♠756.8

Dryden[ON 5] Single-tier Kenora 7003774900000000000♠7,749 7003761700000000000♠7,617 7000170000000000000♠1.7 7001661900000000000♠66.19 7002117100000000000♠117.1

Elliot Lake Single-tier Algoma 7004107410000000000♠10,741 7004113480000000000♠11,348 2999470000000000000♠−5.3 7002714650000000000♠714.65 7001150000000000000♠15.0

Greater Sudbury[ON 6] Single-tier Sudbury 7005161531000000000♠161,531 7005160274000000000♠160,274 6999800000000000000♠0.8 7003322835000000000♠3,228.35 7001500000000000000♠50.0

Guelph[ON 7] Single-tier Wellington 7005131794000000000♠131,794 7005121688000000000♠121,688 7000830000000000000♠8.3 7001872200000000000♠87.22 7003151110000000000♠1,511.1

Haldimand County Single-tier Haldimand 7004456080000000000♠45,608 7004448760000000000♠44,876 7000160000000000000♠1.6 7003125154000000000♠1,251.54 7001364000000000000♠36.4

Hamilton[ON 8] Single-tier Hamilton 7005536917000000000♠536,917 7005519949000000000♠519,949 7000330000000000000♠3.3 7003111729000000000♠1,117.29 7002480600000000000♠480.6

Kawartha Lakes Single-tier Kawartha Lakes 7004754230000000000♠75,423 7004732140000000000♠73,214 7000300000000000000♠3.0 7003308438000000000♠3,084.38 7001245000000000000♠24.5

Kenora Single-tier Kenora 7004150960000000000♠15,096 7004153480000000000♠15,348 2999840000000000000♠−1.6 7002211590000000000♠211.59 7001713000000000000♠71.3

Kingston[ON 9] Single-tier Frontenac 7005123798000000000♠123,798 7005123363000000000♠123,363 6999400000000000000♠0.4 7002451190000000000♠451.19 7002274390000099999♠274.4

Kitchener[ON 10] Lower-tier Waterloo 7005233222000000000♠233,222 7005219153000000000♠219,153 7000640000000000000♠6.4 7002136770000000000♠136.77 7003170520000000000♠1,705.2

London[ON 11] Single-tier Middlesex 7005383822000000000♠383,822 7005366151000000000♠366,151 7000480000000000000♠4.8 7002420350000000000♠420.35 7002913100000000000♠913.1

Markham[ON 12] Lower-tier York 7005328966000000000♠328,966 7005301709000000000♠301,709 7000900000000000000♠9.0 7002212350000000000♠212.35 7003154920000000000♠1,549.2

Mississauga[ON 13] Lower-tier Peel 7005721599000000000♠721,599 7005713443000000000♠713,443 7000110000000000000♠1.1 7002292430000000000♠292.43 7003246760000000000♠2,467.6

Niagara Falls[ON 14] Lower-tier Niagara 7004880710000000000♠88,071 7004829970000000000♠82,997 7000610000000000000♠6.1 7002209730000000000♠209.73 7002419900000000000♠419.9

Norfolk County Single-tier Norfolk 7004640440000000000♠64,044 7004631750000000000♠63,175 7000140000000099999♠1.4 7003160755000000000♠1,607.55 7001398009999900000♠39.8

North Bay Single-tier Nipissing 7004515530000000000♠51,553 7004536510000000000♠53,651 2999610000000000000♠−3.9 7002319110000000000♠319.11 7002161600000000000♠161.6

Orillia Single-tier Simcoe 7004311660000000000♠31,166 7004305860000000000♠30,586 7000190000000000000♠1.9 7001285800000000000♠28.58 7003109030000000000♠1,090.3

Oshawa[ON 15] Lower-tier Durham 7005159458000000000♠159,458 7005149607000000000♠149,607 7000660000000000000♠6.6 7002145639999900000♠145.64 7003109490000000000♠1,094.9

Ottawa[ON 16] Single-tier Ottawa 7005934243000000000♠934,243 7005883391000000000♠883,391 7000580000000000000♠5.8 7003279030000000000♠2,790.30 7002334800000000000♠334.8

Owen Sound Lower-tier Grey 7004213410000000000♠21,341 7004216880000000000♠21,688 2999840000000000000♠−1.6 7001242700000000000♠24.27 7002879200000000000♠879.2

Pembroke[ON 17] Single-tier Renfrew 7004138820000000000♠13,882 7004143600000000000♠14,360 2999670000000000000♠−3.3 7001145600000000000♠14.56 7002953300000000000♠953.3

Peterborough[ON 18] Single-tier Peterborough 7004810320000000000♠81,032 7004786980000000000♠78,698 7000290000000000000♠2.9 7001642500000000000♠64.25 7003126120000000000♠1,261.2

Pickering Lower-tier Durham 7004917710000000000♠91,771 7004887210000000000♠88,721 7000340000000000000♠3.4 7002231550000000000♠231.55 7002396300000000000♠396.3

Port Colborne Lower-tier Niagara 7004183060000000000♠18,306 7004184240000000000♠18,424 3000400000000000000♠−0.6 7002121960000000000♠121.96 7002150100000000000♠150.1

Prince Edward County Single-tier Prince Edward 7004247350000000000♠24,735 7004252580000000000♠25,258 2999790000000000000♠−2.1 7003105049000000000♠1,050.49 7001235000000000000♠23.5

Quinte West Single-tier Hastings 7004435770000000000♠43,577 7004430860000000000♠43,086 7000110000000000000♠1.1 7002494020000000000♠494.02 7001882000000000000♠88.2

Sarnia Lower-tier Lambton 7004715940000000000♠71,594 7004723660000000000♠72,366 2999890000000000000♠−1.1 7002164850000000000♠164.85 7002434300000000000♠434.3

Sault Ste. Marie Single-tier Algoma 7004733680000000000♠73,368 7004751410000000000♠75,141 2999760000000000000♠−2.4 7002223240000000000♠223.24 7002328600000000000♠328.6

St. Catharines[ON 19] Lower-tier Niagara 7005133113000000000♠133,113 7005131400000000000♠131,400 7000130000000000000♠1.3 7001961300000000000♠96.13 7003138480000000000♠1,384.8

St. Thomas Single-tier Elgin 7004389090000000000♠38,909 7004379050000000000♠37,905 7000260000000000000♠2.6 7001356300000000000♠35.63 7003109210000099999♠1,092.1

Stratford Single-tier Perth 7004314650000000000♠31,465 7004308860000000000♠30,886 7000180000000000000♠1.8 7001282800000000000♠28.28 7003111250000000000♠1,112.5

Temiskaming Shores Single-tier Timiskaming 7003992000000000000♠9,920 7004104000000000000♠10,400 2999540000000000000♠−4.6 7002178110000000000♠178.11 7001557000000000000♠55.7

Thorold Lower-tier Niagara 7004188010000000000♠18,801 7004179310000000000♠17,931 7000490000000000000♠4.9 7001829909999900000♠82.99 7002226500000000000♠226.5

Thunder Bay[ON 20] Single-tier Thunder Bay 7005107909000000000♠107,909 7005108359000000000♠108,359 3000600000000000000♠−0.4 7002328360000000000♠328.36 7002328600000000000♠328.6

Timmins Single-tier Cochrane 7004417880000000000♠41,788 7004431650000000000♠43,165 2999680000000000000♠−3.2 7003297883000000000♠2,978.83 7001140000000000000♠14.0

Toronto[ON 21] Single-tier Toronto 7006273157100000000♠2,731,571 7006261506000000000♠2,615,060 7000450000000000000♠4.5 7002630200000000000♠630.20 7003433440000099999♠4,334.4

Vaughan Lower-tier York 7005306233000000000♠306,233 7005288301000000000♠288,301 7000620000000000000♠6.2 7002273560000000000♠273.56 7003111940000000000♠1,119.4

Waterloo[ON 22] Lower-tier Waterloo 7005104986000000000♠104,986 7004987800000000000♠98,780 7000630000000000000♠6.3 7001640190000000000♠64.02 7003163980000000000♠1,639.8

Welland Lower-tier Niagara 7004522930000000000♠52,293 7004506310000000000♠50,631 7000330000000000000♠3.3 7001810400000000000♠81.04 7002645290000000000♠645.3

Windsor[ON 23] Single-tier Essex 7005217188000000000♠217,188 7005210891000000000♠210,891 7000300000000000000♠3.0 7002146380000000000♠146.38 7003148380000000000♠1,483.8

Woodstock Lower-tier Oxford 7004409020000000000♠40,902 7004377540000000000♠37,754 7000830000000000000♠8.3 7001489700000000000♠48.97 7002835300000000000♠835.3

Total cities — — 7006970515700000000♠9,705,157 7006929338300000000♠9,293,383 7000300000000000000♠3.0 7004259440300000000♠25,944.03 7002792050000000000♠792.05

Notes:

^ The Barrie census metropolitan area (CMA) is formed around the City of Barrie. ^ Brampton is Canada's ninth-largest city. ^ The Brantford CMA includes the City of Brantford as well as the County of Brant, which is a single-tier city. ^ The City of Cambridge, as well as the cities of Kitchener and Waterloo, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA. ^ Dryden is Ontario's smallest city by population. ^ Greater Sudbury is Ontario's largest city by area. The Greater Sudbury CMA is formed around the City of Greater Sudbury. ^ The Guelph CMA is formed around the City of Guelph. ^ Hamilton is Canada's tenth-largest city. The Hamilton CMA includes the cities of Burlington and Hamilton. ^ The Kingston CMA is formed around the City of Kingston. ^ The City of Kitchener, as well as the cities of Cambridge and Waterloo, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA. ^ The London CMA includes the cities of London and St. Thomas. ^ Markham is Ontario's newest city, incorporated July 1, 2012 ^ Mississauga is Canada's sixth-largest city. ^ The City of Niagara Falls, as well as the cities of Port Colborne, St. Catharines, Thorold and Welland, form parts of the St. Catharines - Niagara CMA. ^ The Oshawa CMA is formed around the City of Oshawa. ^ Ottawa is Canada's capital and fourth-largest city. The Ontario portion of the Ottawa - Gatineau CMA includes the cities of Clarence-Rockland and Ottawa. ^ Pembroke is Ontario's smallest city by area. ^ The Peterborough CMA is formed around the City of Peterborough. ^ The City of St. Catharines, as well as the cities of Niagara Falls, Port Colborne, Thorold and Welland, form parts of the St. Catharines - Niagara CMA. ^ The Thunder Bay CMA is formed around the City of Thunder Bay. ^ Toronto is Ontario's capital and Canada's and Ontario's largest city by population. The Toronto CMA includes the cities of Brampton, Mississauga, Pickering, Toronto and Vaughan. ^ The City of Waterloo, as well as the cities of Cambridge and Kitchener, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA. ^ The Windsor CMA is formed around the City of Windsor.

See also[edit]

List of communities in Ontario List of municipalities in Ontario List of towns in Ontario List of township municipalities in Ontario List of villages in Ontario

References[edit]

^ a b c d "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Municipal Affairs and Housing. September 21, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013.  ^ a b c "subdivisions (municipalities) and designated places, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada.  ^ "Markham to change from town to city". CBC News. May 30, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013.  ^ a b c d "Municipal Act, R.S.O. 1990, Chapter M.45". Service Ontario. Retrieved June 29, 2013.  ^ "Municipal Act, S.O. 2001, Chapter 25". Service Ontario. Retrieved June 29, 2013.  ^ "The Municipal Councillor's Guide". Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Retrieved June 29, 2013.  ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013.  ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 

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Subdivisions of Ontario

Regions

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Counties

Bruce Dufferin Elgin Essex Frontenac Grey Haliburton Hastings Huron Lambton Lanark Leeds and Grenville Lennox and Addington Middlesex Northumberland Perth Peterborough Prescott and Russell Renfrew Simcoe Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Wellington

Districts

Algoma Cochrane Kenora Manitoulin Nipissing Parry Sound Rainy River Sudbury Thunder Bay Timiskaming

Regional municipalities

Durham Halton Muskoka Niagara Oxford Peel Waterloo York

Single-tier municipalities

Brant Brantford Chatham-Kent Greater Sudbury Haldimand Hamilton Kawartha Lakes Norfolk Ottawa Prince Edward Toronto

Separated municipalities

Barrie Belleville Brockville Cornwall Gananoque Guelph Kingston London Orillia Pembroke Peterborough Prescott Quinte West Smiths Falls St. Marys St. Thomas Stratford Windsor

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