HOME
The Info List - List Of Celtic Tribes


--- Advertisement ---



Pontic Steppe

Domestication of the horse Kurgan Kurgan
Kurgan
culture Steppe cultures

Bug-Dniester Sredny Stog Dnieper-Donets Samara Khvalynsk Yamna

Mikhaylovka culture

Caucasus

Maykop

East-Asia

Afanasevo

Eastern Europe

Usatovo Cernavodă Cucuteni

Northern Europe

Corded ware

Baden Middle Dnieper

Bronze Age

Pontic Steppe

Chariot Yamna Catacomb Multi-cordoned ware Poltavka Srubna

Northern/Eastern Steppe

Abashevo culture Andronovo Sintashta

Europe

Globular Amphora Corded ware Beaker Unetice Trzciniec Nordic Bronze Age Terramare Tumulus Urnfield Lusatian

South-Asia

BMAC Yaz Gandhara grave

Iron Age

Steppe

Chernoles

Europe

Thraco-Cimmerian Hallstatt Jastorf

Caucasus

Colchian

India

Painted Grey Ware Northern Black Polished Ware

Peoples and societies

Bronze Age

Anatolians Armenians Mycenaean Greeks Indo-Iranians

Iron Age

Indo-Aryans

Indo-Aryans

Iranians

Iranians

Scythians Persians Medes

Europe

Celts

Gauls Celtiberians Insular Celts

Hellenic peoples Italic peoples Germanic peoples Paleo-Balkans/Anatolia:

Thracians Dacians Illyrians Phrygians

Middle Ages

East-Asia

Tocharians

Europe

Balts Slavs Albanians Medieval Europe

Indo-Aryan

Medieval India

Iranian

Greater Persia

Religion and mythology

Reconstructed

Proto-Indo-European religion Proto-Indo-Iranian religion

Historical

Hittite

Indian

Vedic

Hinduism

Buddhism Jainism

Iranian

Persian

Zoroastrianism

Kurdish

Yazidism Yarsanism

Scythian

Ossetian

Others

Armenian

Europe

Paleo-Balkans Greek Roman Celtic

Irish Scottish Breton Welsh Cornish

Germanic

Anglo-Saxon Continental Norse

Baltic

Latvian Lithuanian

Slavic Albanian

Practices

Fire-sacrifice Horse sacrifice Sati Winter solstice/Yule

Indo-European studies

Scholars

Marija Gimbutas J.P. Mallory

Institutes

Copenhagen Studies in Indo-European

Publications

Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture The Horse, the Wheel and Language Journal of Indo-European Studies Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch Indo-European Etymological Dictionary

v t e

Diachronic distribution of Celtic peoples:   core Hallstatt territory, by the 6th century BCE   maximal Celtic expansion, by 275 BCE   Lusitanian and Vettonian area of Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
where Celtic presence is uncertain, Para-Celtic?   the six Celtic nations
Celtic nations
which retained significant numbers of Celtic speakers into the Early Modern period   areas where Celtic languages
Celtic languages
remain widely spoken today

This is a list of Celtic tribes, listed in order of the Roman province (after Roman conquest) or the general area in which they lived. This geographical distribution of Celtic tribes does not imply that tribes that lived in the same general geographical area were more related. Some tribes' or tribal confederation's names are listed under more than one region because they dwelt in several of the regions.

Contents

1 High Danube-Hercynia

1.1 Hercynia 1.2 Noricum 1.3 Rhaetia 1.4 Vindelicia

2 Venetia 3 Liguria 4 Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia)

4.1 Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Cisalpina) 4.2 Transalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Transalpina)

4.2.1 Aquitania
Aquitania
Propria ( Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper) 4.2.2 Belgica 4.2.3 Celtica 4.2.4 Narbonensis

5 Great Britain (Britannia)

5.1 Britain Proper ( Britannia
Britannia
Propria) 5.2 Caledonia

6 Ireland
Ireland
(Hibernia) 7 Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
(Hispania)

7.1 Citerior Iberia ( Hispania
Hispania
Citerior)

7.1.1 Tarraconensis

7.2 Ulterior Iberia ( Hispania
Hispania
Ulterior)

7.2.1 Baetica 7.2.2 Lusitania

8 Middle and Low Danube

8.1 Dacia 8.2 Illyricum

8.2.1 Pannonia 8.2.2 Illyria

8.3 Moesia 8.4 Thrace
Thrace
(Thracia)

9 Anatolia
Anatolia
(Asia Minor)

9.1 Bithynia 9.2 Galatia 9.3 Mysia 9.4 Phrygia 9.5 Unlocated

10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 External links

High Danube-Hercynia[edit]

Map showing the Roman district (probably not yet a full province by then) of Raetia et Vindelicia, as it stood in AD 14, with some Raeti tribal names

Southern Central Europe, roughly upper Danube
Danube
river basin and neighboring regions, is hypothesized as the original area of the Celts (Proto-Celts), corresponding to the Hallstatt Culture. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Hercynia[edit]

Eastern Celts[1]

Anartes/Anartoi – Celts
Celts
assimilated by Dacians.[2] Areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and modern Northern Hungary, north of the river Tysia/Tibiscus (Tisza). They lived in the east part of the Hercynia Silva (Hercynian Forest). Boii[3]– a tribal confederation, originally from today's Bohemia (Western Czech Republic) that dwelt in the Hercynia Silva and dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe, to areas of modern Slovakia, Germany, Austria, Hungary
Hungary
and Northern Italy.[4][5]

Boii
Boii
tribes of unknown names in the Hercynia Silva - roughly in today's Bohemia

Cotini/Gotini – areas of modern Slovakia, west of the Anartes, and areas of Western Hungary, south of Lacus Pelsodis/Pelso (Lake Balaton). Lugii – areas of modern southwestern and southern Poland; also may have been a Germanic tribe. Osi/Osii – areas of modern Slovakia[6] Volcae
Volcae
- a tribal confederation, originally from today's Moravia (Eastern Czech Republic), Central and Upper Danube
Danube
basin (Slovakia, Austria, Southern Germany), dwelt in Hercynia Silva, north of the Danuvius (Danube), but dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe (Southern Gaul) and Asia Minor/ Anatolia
Anatolia
(Galatia).

Volcae
Volcae
tribes of unknown names in the Hercynia Silva - roughly in today's Moravia.

Gauls
Gauls
(Celtae)

Helvetii – original dwellers of Agri Decumates
Agri Decumates
region, in the western part of Hercynia Silva, unknown named tribes of the Helvetii tribal confederation, also dwelt to the South and Southwest in Helvetia (modern day Switzerland). Decumates
Decumates
may have meant "Ten Cantons". Latobrigi/Latovici - uncertain location, maybe to the north or northeast of the Helvetii
Helvetii
in the upper Danube
Danube
(Danubius) and upper Rhine
Rhine
river basins, original dwellers of Agri Decumates
Agri Decumates
region, in the western part of Hercynia Silva. Tulingi
Tulingi
(Tylangii?) – localisation unclear, possibly Southern Germany, Switzerland
Switzerland
or Austria; also may have been a Germanic tribe.

Noricum[edit]

Eastern Celts[7]

Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia/Cjargna). A tribe related to the Carnutes? Also may have been a Venetic tribe (the Veneti were a transitional people between Celts and Italics or a Celticized Italic people). Norici/ Taurisci
Taurisci
- a tribal confederation

Alauni - in the middle Aenus river basin (Inn), east of the Aenus in the Eastern Alps, Chiemsee
Chiemsee
and Attersee lakes region. Ambidravi/Ambidrani - in the upper and middle Dravus (Drau/Drava) river basin in the Eastern Alps
Eastern Alps
and also in the Mur/Mura river basin, today's Carinthia
Carinthia
and Styria, Austria. Ambilici - in the Dravus (Drau/Drava) river basin, east of the Ambidravi/Ambidrani (today's Southeast Austria
Austria
and Northeast Slovenia). Ambisontes/Ambisontii - in the Alpes Noricae (East Central Alps), in the upper Salzach
Salzach
river basin. Norici/Nori - may have been a tribe of the larger Taurisci
Taurisci
tribal federation; in the Eastern Alps
Eastern Alps
and in the Mur/Mura and Schwarza rivers basins and other areas, today's Styria
Styria
and Lower Austria (Austria) south of the Danubius (Danube). Sevaces - in the low Aenus river basin (Inn), east of the Aenus and south of the Danubius (Danube), roughly in today's Upper Austria.

Rhaetia[edit]

Rhaetians – They lived in Central Alps, eastern parts of present-day Switzerland, the Tyrol in Austria, and the Alpine regions of northern Italy. They spoke the Rhaetian language. There is evidence that the non-Celtic (and Pre-Indo-European) elements (see Tyrsenian languages) had, by the time of Augustus, been assimilated by the influx of Celtic tribes and had adopted Celtic speech.[8] In addition, the abundance of Celtic toponyms and the complete absence of Etruscan place names in the Rhaetian territory, leads to the conclusion that, by the time of Roman conquest, the Rhaetians were completely Celticized.[9]

Benlauni - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn) in today's North Tirol, Austria, along with the Breuni
Breuni
(may have been older dwellers than the Breuni), not the same as the Breuni, Pons Aeni (modern Wasserburg) was their main centre. Breuni/Brenni/Breones - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn) in today's North Tirol, Austria, and Val Bregna and around Brenner Mountain; also may have been an Illyrian tribe and not a Rhaetian one. Brixenetes/Brixentes/Brixantae - Upper valley of fl. Athesis (r. Adige) in today's South Tirol, Italy, around Bressanone/Brixen. Calucones/Culicones - Calanda (upper valley of fl. Rhenus - r. Rhine) in today's Grisons
Grisons
canton, Switzerland
Switzerland
and Valtellina, Colico. Camunni/ Camuni
Camuni
- Val Camonica
Val Camonica
(river Oglio) in today's Brescia Province (Lombardia, Italy); also may have been a tribe of the Euganei and not a Rhaetian tribe. Consuanetae/Cosuanetes/Cotuantii? - Upper and middle valley of fl. Isarus (r. Isar) (Bavarian Alps) in today's Upper Bavaria, Germany; also may have been a tribe of the Vindelici
Vindelici
(a tribal confederacy), named Cotuantii (if they are the same). Focunates - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn) in today's North Tirol, Austria, neighbours to Genaunes and Breuni. Genaunes/Genauni - Upper valleys of the fl. Aenus (r. Inn) and the Athesis (Adige) in today's Tirol ( North Tirol
North Tirol
and South Tirol); also may have been an Illyrian tribe and not a Rhaetian one; east of the Lepontii. Isarci - Valley of fl. Isarcus (r. Isarco) in today's South Tirol, Italy. Leponti/Lepontii/Leipontii/Lepontes - Val Leventina
Val Leventina
and Val d'Ossola in today's Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Piemonte, Italy; also may not have been a Rhaetian tribe but instead a Gaulish
Gaulish
tribe; west of the Genaunes/Genauni. Medoaci - close to the Meduacum (Brenta) source, Ausugum (Borgo Valsugana) was their main town. Mesiales - south of the Lepontii. Naunes - in Val di Non, Trento
Trento
Province. Querquani - in Quero
Quero
area (today's Belluno Province, Veneto Region). Runicates/Rucinates/Rucantii? - Between rivers Isarus (Isar) and Danuvius (Danube), Low Bavaria; also may have been a tribe of the Vindelici
Vindelici
(a tribal confederation). Rugusci/Ruigusci/Rucantii? Upper Engadin
Engadin
(fl. Aenus - r. Inn) in today's Grisons
Grisons
canton, Switzerland. Suanetes/Suanitae/Sarunetes - Upper Rhenus (Upper Rhine) and Valley of r. Albula in today's Grisons
Grisons
canton, Switzerland. Tridentini - in the middle Athesis (Adige) river basin. Trumpilini/Trumplini - Val Trompia in today's Brescia
Brescia
Province, Italy; also may have been a tribe of the Euganei and not a Rhaetian tribe. Vennonetes/Vennones/Vennonienses - Upper valley of fl. Rhenus (r. Rhine) in today's canton of St. Gallen, Switzerland; also may not have been a Rhaetian tribe but instead a tribe of the Vindelici
Vindelici
(a tribal confederation). Venostes - Vinschgau
Vinschgau
(It. Val Venosta) (fl. Athesis - r. Adige) in today's South Tirol, Italy.

Vindelicia[edit]

Eastern Celts[10]

Vindelici – a tribal confederation, areas of modern Southern Germany
Germany
( Bavaria
Bavaria
and Baden-Württemberg), in the upper Danube
Danube
basin.

Brigantii – in the Lacus Brigantinus (Lake Constance) area, Brigantia (Bregenz) was the main centre, in the border areas of modern Germany, Austria
Austria
and Switzerland, north of the Vennonetes/Vennones/Vennonienses. Catenates - South of the Danubius (Danube), in the low Licus (Lech) river area, Augusta Vindelicorum
Augusta Vindelicorum
region (today's Augsburg), north of the Licates. Consuanetae/Cosuanetes/Cotuantii? - Upper and middle valley of fl. Isarus (r. Isar) (Bavarian Alps) in today's Upper Bavaria, Germany. Estiones - South of the Danubius (Danube), in the Ilargus (Roth) and Riss rivers area, including today's Ulm
Ulm
area (between modern Bavaria
Bavaria
and Baden-Württemberg), Cambodunum (today's Kempten) was one of their towns. Leuni - in the Isarus (Isar) and Ammer (Amper) river areas, Munich
Munich
area, Bavaria. Licates - in the Licus (Lech) river valley, south of the Catenates. Runicates/Rucinates/Rucantii? - Between rivers Isarus (Isar) and Danuvius (Danube), Low Bavaria. Vennonetes/Vennones/Vennonienses - Upper valley of fl. Rhenus (r. Rhine) in today's canton of St. Gallen, Switzerland, south of the Brigantii.

Venetia[edit]

Eastern Celts[11]

Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia/Cjargna). A tribe related to the Carnutes? Catubrini - In the Alps
Alps
Southeastern slopes, close to Atesis (Adige) and near Tridentum (Trento), to the Southwest of the Carni. They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
and not from Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia). (They were not Cisalpine Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts).

Veneti? (Transitional people between Celts
Celts
and Italics? Celticized Italic people? Para-Celtic people?)

Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia/Cjargna). A tribe related to the Carnutes? Catali Catari Histri Secusses Subocrini Veneti Proper

Liguria[edit]

Ligures – Northern Mediterranean Coast straddling South-east French and North-west Italian coasts, including Northern Tuscany and Corsica. Because of the strong Celtic influences on their language and culture, they were known already in antiquity as Celto- Ligurians
Ligurians
(in Greek Κελτολίγυες, Keltolígues).[12] Very little is known about this language, Ligurian (mainly place names and personal names remain) which is generally believed to have been Celtic or Para-Celtic;[13][14] (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic).

Apuani – Eastern Liguria
Liguria
from the Northern Apennines
Apennines
Mountains to the mediterranean coast. Bagienni (or Vagienni) – (in the area of Bene Vagienna) Briniates (or Boactes) – (in the area of Brugnato) Deciates – (in modern Provence, west of the river Var) Friniates – (in the area now called Frignano) Garuli – (in the area of Cenisola) Genuates – (in the area of Genua - Genova) Hercates – Ilvates (or Iluates) – (if different from the Iriates) (on the island of Elba) Ingauni – Western Liguria
Liguria
from the Northern Apennines
Apennines
Mountains and Ligurian Alps
Alps
to the mediterranean coast. Intemelii - Western Liguria
Liguria
from the Ligurian Alps
Alps
to the mediterranean coast, west of the Ingauni, in the Albium Intemelium area (today's Ventimiglia). Laevi – a ligurian tribe that dwelt in the low river Ticinus (Ticino), according to both Livy
Livy
& Pliny.[15] According to Livy (v. 34), they took part in the expedition of Bellovesus into Italy in the 6th century BC Lapicini (or Lapicinii) – In the extreme northern regions of Liguria, as it was defined in Roman times, on a tributary of the Magra Marici – (near the confluence of the rivers Orba, Bormida and Tanaro) Statielli – on the road from Vada Sabatia, near Savona to Dertona (Tortona) and Placentia Tigulli – from the Northern Apennines
Apennines
Mountains to the mediterranean coast, west of the Apuani. Tricastini –

Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia)[edit] See also: List of peoples of Gaul Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Cisalpina)[edit]

Celtic tribes in orange. Many Roman writers thought the Umbrians to be Celtic as well.[16][17][18]

Peoples of northern Italy during the 4th to 3rd centuries BC (Celtic tribes in blue).

Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Cisalpina), also called Gallia
Gallia
Citerior or Gallia
Gallia
Togata,[19] was the part of Italy continually inhabited by Celts
Celts
since the 13th century BC.[20] Conquered by the Roman Republic in the 220s BC, it was a Roman province
Roman province
from c. 81 BC until 42 BC, when it was merged into Roman Italy.[21] Until that time, it was considered part of Gaul, precisely that part of Gaul
Gaul
on the "hither side of the Alps" (from the perspective of the Romans), as opposed to Transalpine Gaul
Gaul
("on the far side of the Alps").[22]

Cisalpine Gauls
Gauls
(Celtae/Galli Cisalpini) - Multiple waves of population movements from France.[5] They spoke Cisalpine Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type) closely related to Gaulish
Gaulish
or Gallic.

Seven Gaulish
Gaulish
tribes that according to Livy
Livy
settled in Cisalpine Gaul around 600 BC. Led by Bellovesus, they defeated the Etruscans
Etruscans
at the Ticino, settled in Insubria
Insubria
and founded the city of Mediolanum, the modern Milan.[23]

Aedui Ambarri Arverni Aulerci Bituriges Carnutes Salyes

Anani – Western Emilia, Po Valley, (Fidentia, Province of Piacenza) Anamares – Minor tribe whose precise location along the southern bank of the river Padus in Italy is uncertain Anares – Middle Po Valley, Placentia (Piacenza, Province of Piacenza) Cenomani – Eastern Lombardy
Lombardy
(Brixia, Cremona). Related to or a branch of the Cenomani
Cenomani
( Aulerci Cenomani) that lived in Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia). Gaesatae – Numbering c. 30,000, they participated in the battle of Telamon[24] Graioceli/Garocelli – Northwestern Piedmont
Piedmont
in the Graian Alps Insubres – Western Lombardy
Lombardy
(Milan) Libici/Libui – Between the rivers Duria Bautica/Duria Maior (Dora Baltea) and Sesites/Sessites (Sesia). Lingones – North-eastern Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
(Ferrara), Po Valley. Related to or a branch of the Lingones
Lingones
that lived in Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia). Orobii or Orumbovii – Central Lombardy
Lombardy
(Bergamo) Salassi – Aosta Valley
Aosta Valley
and Canavese
Canavese
(Northern Piedmont) (Ivrea) Segusini (or Cottii) – Western Piedmont
Piedmont
on Cottian Alps
Alps
(Susa) Senones – South-eastern Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
(Rimini) and Northern Marche
Marche
(Senigallia). Related to or a branch of the Senones
Senones
that lived in Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia). Taurini – Piedmont
Piedmont
(Turin) Vertamocorii – Eastern Piedmont
Piedmont
(Novara) Boii – Central Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
(Bologna).

Lepontine Celts
Celts
- They seem to have been an older group of Celts
Celts
that lived in Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
before the Gaulish
Gaulish
Celtic migration. They spoke Lepontic (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language) a Celtic language that seems to precede Cisalpine Gaulish.

Lepontii – Northern Lombardy, North-eastern Piedmont
Piedmont
and Switzerland
Switzerland
in the Lepontine Alps. They were not Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts

Camunni – in the Valcamonica
Valcamonica
and Valtellina
Valtellina
valleys of the Central Alps. A celticized Rhaetic tribe. Some consider them to be Celtic.[25]

Transalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Transalpina)[edit] Transalpine Gaul, meaning literally " Gaul
Gaul
on the other side of the Alps" or " Gaul
Gaul
across the Alps", is approximately modern Belgium, France, Switzerland, Netherlands, and Western Germany. in what would become the Roman provinces of Gallia
Gallia
Narbonensis, Gallia
Gallia
Celtica (later Lugdunensis
Lugdunensis
and Aquitania) and Gallia
Gallia
Belgica. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. List of peoples of Gaul
Gaul
(with their capitals/major settlements):

Map of Gaul
Gaul
(58 BC) with important tribes, towns, rivers, etc.

Aquitania
Aquitania
Propria ( Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper)[edit]

Gauls
Gauls
(Celtae/Galli Cisalpini) - They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

Garumni – along the banks of the high Garumna (Garonne), southwest of the Volcae
Volcae
Tectosages, and in and around Lugdunum Convenarum, among the Convenae. Although they dwelt in Aquitania Proper, they seem to have been a Celtic tribe and not a tribe of the Aquitani
Aquitani
(a people that may have been ancestor of the Basques).

Eastern Celts[26]

Boii
Boii
Boiates/Boviates/Boates – La Tête de Buch, probably around Arcachon Bay
Arcachon Bay
and northwest of Landes (departement), in the Pays de Buch and Pays de Born. Although they dwelt in Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper, they seem to have been a Celtic tribe and not a tribe of the Aquitani (a people that may have been ancestor of the Basques).

Celtiberians
Celtiberians
(Eastern Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Eastern Hispania)

Belendi/Pelendi – Belinum territory (Belin-Béliet), in the middle Sigmatis river (in today's Leyre) river area, south of the Bituriges
Bituriges
Vivisci and the Boii
Boii
Boiates; they may have been related to the Pellendones
Pellendones
(a Celtiberian tribe). Although they dwelt in Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper, they seem to have been a Celtic tribe and not a tribe of the Aquitani
Aquitani
(a people that may have been ancestor of the Basques).

Belgica[edit]

Belgae[27] They dwelt in Belgica, parts of Britannia, and may have dwelt in parts of Hibernia
Hibernia
and also of Hispania) (large tribal confederation).

Ambiani – Amiens Ambivareti Atrebates – Arras Bellovaci – Beauvais Caleti/Caletes – Harfleur
Harfleur
(Caracotinum), later Lillebonne (Juliobona) Catalauni – Châlons-en-Champagne Catuslogi Eburones
Eburones
(mixed Belgae
Belgae
and Germani cisrhenani
Germani cisrhenani
people) Leuci – Toul
Toul
(Tullum Leucorum) Mediomatrici – Metz Meldi – Marne
Marne
(Matrona) – Meaux Menapii – Cassel Morini – Boulogne-sur-Mer Nervii – Bavay, Belgae
Belgae
largest tribal confederation.

Ceutrones
Ceutrones
(Belgae) Geidumni Grudii Levaci Nervii
Nervii
Proper Pleumoxii

Remi – Reims Silvanectii – Senlis Suessiones – Soissons
Soissons
( Suessetani may have been related, result of a migration towards south)[28] Tencteri – Rhine
Rhine
east bank, may have been a Celtic tribe (and not a Germanic one) or a mixed Belgae
Belgae
and Germani tribe. Treveri – Trier Usipetes – Rhine
Rhine
east bank, may have been a Celtic tribe (and not a Germanic one) or a mixed Belgae
Belgae
and Germani tribe. Veliocasses/Velicasses/Velocasses – Rouen Viromandui – Noyon

Celtica[edit]

Gauls
Gauls
(Celtae) - They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type).

Aremorican tribes (Northwestern Gaulish
Gaulish
tribes) - Aremorica/Armorica ( Civitates
Civitates
Armoricae)

Abrincatui Ambibarii/Ambivarii  Armoricani/Aremoricii proper Ambiliates/Ambilatres – Low Liger (Loire) Baiocasses/Boiocasses – Bayeux Carnutes
Carnutes
Autricum
Autricum
(Chartres), Cenabum/ Genabum (Orleans) Coriosolites/Curiosolitae – Corseul Lexovii – Lisieux Namnetes – Nantes Osismii
Osismii
- Western end of Brittany
Brittany
Peninsula Redones – Rennes Venelli/Unelli – Coutances, Contentin
Contentin
Peninsula, in today's Western Normandy
Normandy
region Veneti – Vannes Viducasses/Vadicasses/Vadicassii – Vieux

Central Gaulish
Gaulish
tribes

Aedui/Haedui  - Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
largest tribal confederation.

Aedui/ Haedui
Haedui
proper - Bibracte Ambarri Ambivareti Aulerci Brannovices/Brannovii/Blannovii (a southern branch of the Aulerci but within the Aedui
Aedui
tribal confederation) Bituriges
Bituriges
Cubi – Bourges
Bourges
(an eastern branch of the Bituriges but within the Aedui
Aedui
tribal confederation) Mandubii – Alesia Parisii – Paris Segusiavi/ Segobriges
Segobriges
- Lugdunum
Lugdunum
(Lyon), that was to be capital of Gallia
Gallia
Lugdunensis, was in their land Senones – Sens

Agenisates/Angesinates – Angoumois Agnutes – Vendee Anagnutes Andecamulenses Andecavi/Andes – Angers Antobroges Arverni – Gergovia
Gergovia
(tribal confederation)

Arverni
Arverni
proper Gabali

Arvii Atacini – Aussière Atesui Aulerci (tribal confederation)

Aulerci Cenomani – Le Mans Aulerci Diablintes Aulerci Eburovices Aulerci Sagii

Avantices Bipedimui/Pimpedunni Bituriges
Bituriges
Vivisci – Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Burdigala) Cadurci – Cahors Caeresi Cambolectres Corisopiti Eleuterii Elycoces Epomandui Helvetii – La Tène, (tribal confederation).

Tigurini – Yverdon Tougeni Verbigeni Unknown named tribe ( Helvetii
Helvetii
Proper?)

Insubres Lemovices – Limoges Lingones Medulli Meduci – Médoc Nantuates/Nantuatae Nitiobroges/Nitiobriges Petrocorii – Périgueux Pictones/Pictavi – Poitiers Raurici/Rauraci – Kaiseraugst
Kaiseraugst
(Augusta Raurica) Reieni Ruteni – Rodez Santones – Saintes Seduni – High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Sion (Middle Valais, Switzerland) Sequani – Besançon Tornates/Turnates Tricasses/Tricassini Triviatii Trones Turones/Turoni – Tours Uberi/Viberi – High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Upper Valais Vellavi/Velaunii – Ruessium Veragri - High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Lower Valais Veroduni Boii – Boui near Entrain[4] - They were related to or a branch of the Boii.

Narbonensis[edit]

Gauls
Gauls
(Celtae) - They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type).

Adenates – slopes of the Western Alps
Alps
(Maurienne-Modanne) Adunicates – Andon area Albici – Middle and Lower Durance
Durance
river valley (tribal confederation)

Albienses/Albici Proper Vordenses Vulgientes

Allobroges/Allobriges – Vienne Avatici – Camargue Bebryces (Gauls) – in southern Gaul, south of the Volcae Arecomici, close to Narbo
Narbo
(Narbonne) region. Bodiontici Bramovices – Low Tarentaise, Savoy Briganii – Briançon, High Durance
Durance
river valley Caturiges – Chorges, High Durance
Durance
river valley Cavares/Cavari – North of Low Durance, Arausio
Arausio
(Orange), (tribal confederation)

Cavares
Cavares
Proper Meminii

Ceutrones/Centrones – Moûtiers Chalbici – Chablais Edenates Esubii/Esuvii/Sesuvii – Ubaye Valley Gaesatae/Gaesati Graioceli/Garocelli Helvii/Elvi Iconii – Gap Medulli – Vienne Nemalones Nemeturii – High Var river valley Quariates Salyes/ Salluvii (may have been a Celtic tribe or a mixed Celtic-Ligurian tribe) Segovellauni Segusini Sentienes – Senez Tricorii Veamini Vergunni – Vinon-sur-Verdon Vertamocori – Vercors Vesubiani – Vésubie Vocontii – Vaison-la-Romaine
Vaison-la-Romaine
(in modern Provence, on the east bank of the Rhône)

Ligures
Ligures
- A Celtic related people, closer to the Celts, they spoke ancient Ligurian.

Deciates - a tribe that dwelt in the region of Antipolis (Antibes) west of the river Varus (Var). Elisyces/Helisyces - a tribe that dwelt in the region of Narbo (Narbonne) and modern northern Roussillon. May have been either Iberian or Ligurian or a Ligurian-Iberian tribe. Euburiates Oxybii - a Ligurian tribe that dwelt on the Mediterranean coast
Mediterranean coast
near Massalia (Marseille). Salyes/ Salluvii (may have been a Celtic tribe or a mixed Celtic-Ligurian tribe) Vediantii

v t e

Iron Age
Iron Age
tribes in Gaul

Belgica

Ambiani Aresaces Atrebates Atuatuci Bellovaci Caeroesi Catalauni Condrusi Eburones Leuci Mediomatrici Menapii Morini Nervii Paemani Remi Segni Silvanectes Suessiones Toxandri Treveri Vellocasses Viromandui

Celtica

Abrincatui Aedui Ambarri Andes (Andecavi) Arverni Baiocasses Bituriges
Bituriges
Cubi Cadurci Caletes Carnutes Caturiges Cenomani Curiosolitae Diablintes Eburovices Esuvii Gabali Helvetii Lemovici Lexovii Lingones Meldi Namnetes Nitiobriges Osismii Parisii Petrocorii Pictones Redones Ruteni Santones Senones Segusiavi Sequani Tricasses Turones Unelli Vellavi Veneti Viducasses

Aquitania

Ausci Boii Convenae Elusates Lactorates Sotiates Tarbelli Vasates Vivisci

Narbonensis

Allobroges Arecomici Avatici Cavares Caturiges Ceutrones Deciates Helvii Nantuates Salluvii Volcae
Volcae
(Arecomici and Tectosages) Tricastini Vocontii

Part of: Celtic tribes in Europe

Great Britain (Britannia)[edit]

Northern Britain about the year 150 CE

Southern Britain about the year 150 CE

Wales
Wales
about the year 40 CE

See also: Iron Age
Iron Age
tribes in Britain Britannia
Britannia
was the name Romans
Romans
gave, based on the name of the people: the Britanni. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe but others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Britain Proper ( Britannia
Britannia
Propria)[edit]

Belgae[27] ( Wiltshire
Wiltshire
and Hampshire) (according to classical authors, see Caesar's De Bello Gallico, they were a different people and spoke a different language (Ancient Belgic) from the Gauls
Gauls
and Britons; they were clearly an Indo-European people and may have spoken a Celtic language, although there is a remote possibility that their language may have been Proto-Celtic or Proto-Germanic; they dwelt in Belgica, parts of Britannia, and may have dwelt in parts of Hibernia
Hibernia
and also of Hispania)

Atrebates – an important Belgic tribe of today's Southern England, in Berkshire. Related to or a branch of the Atrebates
Atrebates
that lived in Gallia
Gallia
Belgica. Belgae
Belgae
(tribe) – Belgic tribe, in today's England's south coast, Isle of Wight, Hampshire, Wiltshire Catuvellauni
Catuvellauni
(Hertfordshire) – Belgic tribe, neighbours of the Iceni, they joined in their rebellion. May have been related to the Catalauni. Regnenses/Regni – Belgic tribe, in today's East Hampshire, Sussex
Sussex
and Surrey Parisii (East Riding of Yorkshire)

Britons (Britanni) - They spoke Britonic (an Insular Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

Ancalites (uncertain: speculatively Hampshire
Hampshire
and Wiltshire) Attacotti
Attacotti
(origin uncertain) Bibroci (mentioned by Caesar, location uncertain but possibly Berkshire) Boresti (sometimes Horesti) (In or near Fife, Scotland
Scotland
according to Tacitus) Brigantes
Brigantes
(an important tribe in most of Northern England
England
and in the south-east corner of Ireland) Cantiaci
Cantiaci
(in present-day Kent
Kent
which preserves the ancient tribal name) Carvetii
Carvetii
(Cumberland) Cassi
Cassi
(mentioned by Caesar, possibly south-east England) Cateni (north and west of Sutherland) – they gave the county its Gaelic name Cataibh Cenimagni (mentioned by Caesar, perhaps the same as the Iceni) Corieltauvi/ Coritani
Coritani
( East Midlands
East Midlands
including Leicester) Corionototae (possibly a tribe) (Northumberland) Cornovii (Midlands) Damnonii
Damnonii
(Southwestern Scotland) Deceangli
Deceangli
(Flintshire, Wales) Demetae
Demetae
(Dyfed, Wales) Dobunni
Dobunni
( Cotswolds
Cotswolds
and Severn
Severn
valley) Dumnonii
Dumnonii
(Devon, Cornwall, Somerset)

Cornovii (Cornwall)
Cornovii (Cornwall)
(a sub-tribe, or sept, of the Dumnonii)

Durotriges
Durotriges
(Dorset, south Somerset, south Wiltshire) Gabrantovices Gangani (Llŷn Peninsula, Wales) Iceni
Iceni
(East Anglia) – under Boudica, they rebelled against Roman rule) Novantae
Novantae
( Galloway
Galloway
and Carrick) Ordovices
Ordovices
(Gwynedd, Wales) – they waged guerrilla warfare from the north Wales
Wales
hills Scotti (western portion of Scotland) Segontiaci (probably south-east England) Selgovae
Selgovae
( Dumfriesshire
Dumfriesshire
and the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright) Setantii
Setantii
(possibly a tribe) (Lancashire) Silures
Silures
(south Wales) – resisted the Romans
Romans
in present-day south Wales Trinovantes/ Trinobantes
Trinobantes
(Essex) – neighbours of the Iceni, they joined in their rebellion Votadini/ Otadini
Otadini
(north-east England
England
and south-east Scotland) – they later formed Gododdin

Caledonia[edit]

Picts
Picts
(Picti) - They were a different people from the Britons, but may have shared common ancestry; If their language, Pictish language, was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). They lived in Caledonia
Caledonia
(today's Northern Scotland). Caledonian Forest
Caledonian Forest
( Caledonia
Caledonia
Silva) was in their land. A tribal confederation.

Caledones/ Caledonii
Caledonii
(along the Great Glen) Carnonacae
Carnonacae
(western Highlands) Caereni
Caereni
(far western Highlands) Cornovii/ Cornavii
Cornavii
(far northern mainland Scotland) (northernmost known Celtic tribe) Creones
Creones
(Argyll) Decantae
Decantae
or Ducantae (eastern Ross
Ross
and Black Isle) Epidii
Epidii
( Kintyre
Kintyre
and neighboring islands) Lugi
Lugi
(southern Sutherland) Smertae
Smertae
(central Sutherland) Taexali
Taexali
(Angus and Grampian) Vacomagi
Vacomagi
(in and around the Cairngorms) Venicones
Venicones
( Fife
Fife
and south-west Tayside
Tayside
in Scotland) Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Orkney Islands
Orkney Islands
(may have been Picts) Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Shetland Islands
Shetland Islands
(may have been Picts) Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
(may have been Picts)

v t e

Iron Age
Iron Age
tribes in Britain

Atrebates Belgae Brigantes Caereni Caledonii Cantiaci Carnonacae Carvetii Catuvellauni Coritani Corionototae Cornovii (Central) Cornovii (Northern) Creones Damnonii Decantae Deceangli Demetae Dobunni Dumnonii Durotriges Epidii Gabrantovices Iceni Lopocares Lugi Novantae Ordovices Parisi Regnenses Selgovae Setantii Silures Smertae Suessiones Taexali Textoverdi Trinovantes Vacomagi Venicones Votadini

Part of: Celtic tribes in Europe

Ireland
Ireland
(Hibernia)[edit]

The population groups (tribes and tribal confederations) of Ireland (Iouerníā/Hibernia) mentioned in Ptolemy's Geographia
Geographia
in a modern interpretation.

See also: List of Irish kingdoms
List of Irish kingdoms
and Túath According to Ptolemy's Geography (2nd century AD):

Autini (Auteinoi) Brigantes Cauci (Kaukoi) Coriondi (or Koriondoi) Darini (Darinoi) Eblani (Eblanioi) Erdini (Erdinoi) Gangani (Ganganoi) Iverni
Iverni
(Iwernoi) Manapii (Manapioi) Nagnatae or Magnatae (Nagnatai or Magnatai) Robogdii (Rhobogdioi) Usdiae (Ousdiai) Uterni Velabri or Vellabori (Wellaboroi) Vennicnii (Wenniknioi) Volunti
Volunti
(Woluntioi) – identifiable with the Ulaidh/Uluti[29]

v t e

Ptolemy's Ireland

Peoples

Auteini Brigantes Cauci Coriondi Darini Eblani Erdini Gangani Iverni Manapii Nagnatae Robogdii Uellabori Uennicnii Uodiae Uoluntii

Towns

Dunon Eblana Iuernis Labiros Makolikon Manapia Nagnata Raiba Regia Regia Etera

Rivers

Argita Auoba Birgos Buuinda Dabrona Dur Iernos Libnios Logia Modonnos Oboka Rauios Senos Uidua Uinderios

Promontories

Isamnion Northern Robogdion Sacron Southern Uennicnion

Islands

Adros Ebuda Epidion Erimnos Limnos Malaios Mona Monaoida Rikina

Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
(Hispania)[edit]

Main language areas, peoples and tribes in Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
c. 300 BC.

Territory of the Celtiberi, mixed Celtic and Iberian tribes or Celtic tribes influenced by Iberians, with the possible location of the tribes.

See also: Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula The Celts
Celts
in the Iberian peninsula
Iberian peninsula
were traditionally thought of as living on the edge of the Celtic world of the La Tène
La Tène
culture that defined classical Iron Age
Iron Age
Celts. Earlier migrations were Hallstatt in culture and later came La Tène
La Tène
influenced peoples. Celtic or (Indo-European) Pre-Celtic cultures and populations existed in great numbers and Iberia experienced one of the highest levels of Celtic settlement in all of Europe. They dwelt in northern, central and western regions of Iberian Peninsula, but also in several southern regions. The Roman province
Roman province
of Hispania
Hispania
included both Celtic speaking and non-Celtic speaking tribes. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Citerior Iberia ( Hispania
Hispania
Citerior)[edit] Hispania
Hispania
Citerior ("Nearer Hispania", " Hispania
Hispania
that is Closer", from the perspective of the Romans), was a region of Hispania
Hispania
during the Roman Republic, roughly occupying the northeastern coast and the Iberus (Ebro) Valley and later the eastern, central, northern and northwestern areas of the Iberian peninsula
Iberian peninsula
in what would become the Tarraconensis
Tarraconensis
Roman province
Roman province
(of what is now Spain
Spain
and northern Portugal). Tarraconensis[edit]

Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Hispania
Hispania
- They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

Celtiberians
Celtiberians
(Eastern Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Eastern Hispania) – Eastern Iberian meseta (Spain), mountains of the headwaters of the rivers Douro, Tagus, Guadiana
Guadiana
(Anas), Júcar, Jalón, Jiloca and Turia, (tribal confederation). Mixed Celtic and Iberian tribes or Celtic tribes influenced by Iberians. Not synonymous of all the Celts
Celts
that lived in the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
but to a narrower group, the majority of Celtic tribes in the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
were not Celtiberians. They spoke Celtiberian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

Arevaci Belli Cratistii Lobetani Lusones – Western Zaragoza (province), Eastern Guadalajara (Spain). Olcades Pellendones/Cerindones, in high Duero
Duero
river course (Numantia) and neighboring mountains, may also have been related to the Pelendi/Belendi that dwelt in the middle of the river Sigmatis, today's Leyre. Titii (Celtiberian) Turboletae/Turboleti Uraci/Duraci

Western Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Western Hispania
Hispania
- They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

Allotriges/Autrigones – East Burgos
Burgos
(Spain), Northwestern La Rioja (Spain) to the Atlantic Coast Astures – Asturias
Asturias
and northern León (Spain), and east of Trás os Montes (Portugal), (tribal confederation).

Cismontani

Amaci Cabruagenigi Gigurri Lancienses Lougei Orniaci Superatii Susarri/ Astures
Astures
Proper Tiburi Zoelae – Eastern Trás-os-Montes (Portugal), (Miranda do Douro).

Transmontani

Baedunienses Brigaentini Cabarci Iburri Luggones/Lungones Paenii Paesici Saelini Vinciani Viromenici. Might be related to the Viromandui.

Bebryaces/Berybraces – unknown location, may have been related to the Bebryces (gauls) or the Berones, there is also the possibility that it was an old name of the Celtiberians. Cantabri – Cantabria, part of Asturias
Asturias
and part of Castile-Leon (Spain); some consider them not Celtic, may have been Pre-Celtic Indo-European as could have been the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones
Vettones
[2]. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). A Tribal confederation.

Avarigines Blendii/Plentusii/Plentuisii Camarici/Tamarici Concani Coniaci/Conisci Moroecani Noegi Orgenomesci Salaeni/Selaeni Vadinienses Vellici/Velliques

Caristii/Carietes – today's West Basque Country, they may have been Celtic (see Late Basquisation), they were later assimilated by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 6th and 7th centuries CE; Some consider them not Celtic, may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-European people as the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones
Vettones
could have been. [3]. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). Carpetani – Central Iberian meseta (Spain), in the geographical centre of the Iberian Peninsula, in a large part of today's Castilla-La Mancha
Castilla-La Mancha
and Madrid regions. A tribal confederation with 27 identified tribes.[30]

Aelariques - Aeturiques - Arquioci - in Iplacea, Roman named Complutum
Complutum
(today's Alcalá de Henares) region. Acualiques - Bocouriques - Canbarici - in Toletum
Toletum
(Toledo) region. Contucianci - in Segobriga
Segobriga
region. Dagencii - Doviliques - Duitiques - Duniques - Elguismiques - Langioci - Longeidoci - Maganiques - Malugeniques - Manuciques - Maureici - Mesici - Metturici - Moenicci - Obisodiques - in Toletum
Toletum
(Toledo) region Pilonicori - Solici - Tirtaliques - in Segobriga
Segobriga
region. Uloques - Venatioques -

Gallaecians or Callaici – Gallaecia
Gallaecia
( Spain
Spain
& Portugal). Western Hispano- Celts
Celts
largest tribal confederation.

Addovi/Iadovi Aebocosi Albiones/Albioni – western Asturias
Asturias
(Spain). Amphiloci Aobrigenses Arroni/Arrotrebi Arrotrebae/Artabri – Northern Galicia (Spain), They might be related to the Atrebates
Atrebates
of Gallia
Gallia
Belgica. Aunonenses Baedi Banienses – around Baião Municipality, Eastern Porto District, (Portugal). Biballi Bracari/Callaeci/Gallaeci Proper – Southeastern Braga
Braga
District, Braga, Western Porto District, Oporto, (Portugal). Brigantes
Brigantes
( Callaici
Callaici
tribe) – Northern Bragança District, Bragança, (Portugal). Caladuni Capori Celtici
Celtici
Praestamarici Celtici
Celtici
Supertamarici Cibarci Cileni Coelerni/Aquaflavienses – Braga
Braga
District, Vila Real District (Chaves), (Portugal) and Ourense
Ourense
(Spain). Egi Egovarri Equaesi – Minho and Trás-os-Montes (Portugal). Grovii – Minho (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain). Iadones Interamici/Interamnici – Trás-os-Montes (Portugal). Lapatianci Lemavi Leuni – Minho (Portugal). Limici – Lima river banks, Minho (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain). Louguei Luanqui – Trás-os-Montes (Portugal). Naebisoci/Aebisoci Namarii Namarini Narbasi -Minho (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain). Nemetati – Minho (Portugal). Nerii Poemani, they might be related to the Paemani. Quaquerni/Querquerni – Minho (Portugal). Seurbi – Minho (Portugal). Seurri – Sarria
Sarria
Municipality, East Central Galicia (Spain) Tamagani – Chaves (Portugal). Turodi – Trás-os-Montes (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain). Varri

Mantesani/Mentesani/Mantasani – La Mancha
La Mancha
Plateau, Castilla-La Mancha (Spain); were a different people from the Oretani. Plentauri – Northwestern La Rioja (Spain). Turmodigi
Turmodigi
or Turmogi - Central Burgos. Vaccaei – North Central Iberian meseta (Spain), middle Duero river basin. A tribal confederation. Ptolemy
Ptolemy
mentions 20 vaccaean Civitates
Civitates
(that also had the meaning of tribes)[31]

Cauci (Vaccaei) – in Cauca (Coca, Segovia)

Varduli – today's East Basque Country, they may have been Celtic (see Late Basquisation), they were later assimilated by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 6th and 7th centuries CE; Some consider them not Celtic, may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-European people as the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones
Vettones
could have been. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). [4].

Belgae? - They spoke Ancient Belgian language.

Suessetani - Far North Western Aragon
Aragon
and Far South Eastern Navarra (Spain), between the rivers Gallicus (Gállego) and Low Aragon, and between the river Ebro
Ebro
and Sierra de Santo Domingo mountains. Alba (Arba) river basin (a tributary of the Ebro) was in the centre of their territory that also included the Bardenas Reales. Corbio was their capital. They were North of the Celtiberians, South of the Iacetani and the Vascones, West of the Galli (tribe). They were later conquered by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 2nd Century B.C. that were allies of the Romans. Could have been related to the Suessiones
Suessiones
(a tribe of the Belgae).[28] Berones – La Rioja (Spain). Could have been related to the Eburones. Oretani? – northeastern Andalusia, northwest Múrcia and southern fringes of La Mancha, (Spain), mountains of the headwaters of the Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
(ancient river Baetis); Some consider them not Celtic [5] (see Germani (Oretania)).

Volcae

Volciani – may have been a tribe related to the Volcae
Volcae
and not to the Hispano-Celts/Iberian Celts
Celts
(i.e. the Celts
Celts
of the Iberian Peninsula). Located north of the river Iberus (Ebro), but not very precisely.

Gauls
Gauls
(Galli) – Some gaulish tribes may have migrated towards south and crossed the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
(by the north, the central or the south areas of the mountains) in a second or a third Celtic wave to the Iberian Peninsula. These tribes were different from the Hispano-Celtic/Iberian Celtic tribes. They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type).

Galli (tribe) – along Gallicus (Gállego) river banks, see place names (toponyms) like Forum Gallorum, Gallur, a different tribe from the Suessetani; may have been a tribe related to the Galli (Gauls) and not to the Hispano-Celts/Iberian Celts.

Ulterior Iberia ( Hispania
Hispania
Ulterior)[edit] Hispania
Hispania
Ulterior ("Further Hispania", " Hispania
Hispania
that is Beyond", from the perspective of the Romans) was a region of Hispania
Hispania
during the Roman Republic, roughly located in what would become the provinces of Baetica
Baetica
(that included the Baetis, Guadalquivir, valley of modern Spain) and extending to all of Lusitania
Lusitania
(modern south and central Portugal, Extremadura
Extremadura
and a small part of Salamanca
Salamanca
province). Baetica[edit]

Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Hispania
Hispania
- They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

Western Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Western Hispania
Hispania
- They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

Celtici
Celtici
of Arunda (Ronda) – in south Turdetania, later Baetica Roman province, (in today's western Málaga Province), Andalucia region (southernmost known Celtic tribe). Turduli – Guadiana
Guadiana
valley (Portugal) and Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain); may have been related to Lusitanians, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani.

Turduli
Turduli
Baetici/ Turduli
Turduli
Baetures - Baeturia/Baeturia Turdulorum (ancient northern region of Baetica
Baetica
Province), south and east of the river Anas (Guadiana) and northern slope of Marianus Mons (Sierra Morena), Southern Extremadura
Extremadura
region, Badajoz Province, Portugal Southeastern corner, East Beja District, Alentejo
Alentejo
region.

Turdetanians – Today's Western Andalucia
Andalucia
( Hispania
Hispania
Baetica), Baetis (Guadalquivir) river valley and basin, Marianus Mons (Sierra Morena), some consider them Celtic.,[32] may have been Pre-Celtic Indo-European people as the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones. If their language, called Turdetanian or Tartessian, was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). Also may have been a non-Indo-European people related to the Iberians, but not the same people. A tribal confederation but with a much more centralized power, may have formed an early form of Kingdom or a Proto-civilisation (see Tartessos)

Cilbiceni – approximately in today's Cádiz Province Elbisini/Eloesti/Olbisini – in today's Huelva Province Etmanei – in the middle area of Baetis (Guadalquivir) river course and surrounding region, approximately in today's Córdoba Province Gletes/Galetes/Ileates – in Marianus Mons (Sierra Morena), approximately in today's northern areas of the provinces of Huelva, Seville and Córdoba Turdetani/Tartessii Proper – in the low course of 'the river 'Baetis (Guadalquivir) and surrounding region, approximately in today's Seville Province

Lusitania[edit]

Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Hispania
Hispania
- They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

Western Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Western Hispania
Hispania
- They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

Celtici – Portugal
Portugal
south of the Tagus
Tagus
and north of Guadiana (Anas), Alentejo
Alentejo
and Algarve
Algarve
(Portugal), western Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain), (tribal confederation).

Cempsi Conii – according to some scholars, Conii
Conii
and Cynetes
Cynetes
were two different peoples or tribes and the names were not two different names of the same people or tribe; in this case, the Conii
Conii
may have dwelt along the northern banks of the middle Anas (Guadiana) river, in today's western Extremadura
Extremadura
region of Spain, and were a Celtici
Celtici
tribe wrongly confused with the Cynetes
Cynetes
of Cyneticum (Algarve) that dwelt from the west banks of the Low river Anas (Guadiana) further to the south (the celticization of the Cynetes
Cynetes
by the Celtici
Celtici
confused the distinction between the two peoples or tribes).[33] Mirobrigenses Sefes/Saefes

Cynetes – Cyneticum (today's Algarve
Algarve
region) and Low Alentejo (Portugal); originally probably Tartessians or similar, later celtized by the Celtici; according to some scholars, Cynetes
Cynetes
and Conii
Conii
were two different peoples or tribes[33] [6]. Turduli – Guadiana
Guadiana
valley (Portugal) and Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain); may have been related to Lusitanians, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani.

Turduli
Turduli
Bardili – Setubal Peninsula
Setubal Peninsula
(Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani. Turduli
Turduli
Oppidani – Estremadura (Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani. Turduli
Turduli
Veteres – Southern Douro
Douro
banks, between Douro
Douro
and Vouga River, Aveiro District, (Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani.

Lusitanians-Vettones

Lusitanians
Lusitanians
(Lusitani/Bellitani) – Portugal
Portugal
south of the Duoro and north of the Tagus, and northwestern Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain). They spoke Lusitanian that is a clearly Indo-European language but the filiation as a Celtic language is not surely proven (although many tribal names and place names, toponyms, are Celtic). Attempts to classify the language have also pointed at an Italic origin.[34] Hence Lusitanian language
Lusitanian language
may have been a Para-Celtic Indo-European branch like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). The Lusitanians
Lusitanians
have also been identified as being a pre-Celtic Indo-European speaking culture of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
closely related to the neighbouring Vettones
Vettones
tribal confederation.[33] However, under their controversial theory of Celtic originating in Iberia, John T Koch and Barry Cunliffe have proposed a para-Celtic identity for the Lusitanian language
Lusitanian language
and culture or that they spoke an archaic Proto-Celtic language and were Proto-Celtic in ethnicity.

Arabrigenses Aravi Coelarni/Colarni Interamnienses Lancienses

Lancienses Oppidani Lancienses Transcudani Ocelenses Lancienses

Meidubrigenses Paesuri – Douro
Douro
and Vouga (Portugal). Palanti Tangi

Elbocori Igaeditani Tapori/Tapoli – river Tagus, around the border area of Portugal and Spain.

Talures Veaminicori Other Lusitanian tribes? (According to some scholars, these tribes were Lusitanians
Lusitanians
and not Vettones)[33]

Calontienses Caluri Coerenses

Vettones – Ávila and Salamanca
Salamanca
(Spain), may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-European people, closely related to the Lusitani. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). A tribal confederation.

Bletonesii – Bletisama (today's Ledesma) was their main centre, Salamanca
Salamanca
Province, Spain. Other Vettonian tribes? (According to some scholars, these tribes were Lusitanians
Lusitanians
and not Vettones)[33]

Calontienses Caluri Coerenses

Middle and Low Danube[edit] Dacia[edit] See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace
Thrace
and Dacia Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

Eastern Celts[35]

Anartes/Anartii/ Anartoi
Anartoi
- Celts
Celts
assimilated by Dacians[2] Areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and modern Northern Hungary, north of the river Tysia/Tibiscus (Tisza), north of the Teuriscii. Bastarnae,[36][37] a Celto-Germanic people, and according to Livy
Livy
"the bravest nation on earth" Boii – a tribal confederation, originally from today's Southern France
France
who migrated to Hercynia Silva under Segovesus, and dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe, to areas of modern Slovakia, Germany, Austria, Hungary.[4][5] Eravisci[38] Teuriscii
Teuriscii
- A branch of the Celtic Taurisci
Taurisci
(originally from Noricum) in the Tysia/Tibiscus (Tisza) river basin south of the Anartes/Anartii/Anartoi. Celts
Celts
assimilated by Dacians[2]

Illyricum[edit]

Ancient tribes in the middle Danube
Danube
river basin around 1st C. BCE

Central and northern Illyrian tribes
Illyrian tribes
and neighbouring Celtic tribes to the North and Northwest during the Roman period.

Pannonia[edit]

Eastern Celts[39]

Arabiates
Arabiates
- areas of modern Western Hungary
Hungary
and eastern Austria, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Belgites
Belgites
- areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Boii – a tribal confederation, originally from today's Southern France
France
who migrated to Hercynia Silva under Segovesus, and dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe, to areas of modern Slovakia, Germany, Austria, Hungary.[4][5]

Pannonian Boii
Boii
- in Pannonia, today's Western Hungary.

Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia). A tribe related to the Carnutes. Cornacates
Cornacates
- areas of modern Western Hungary, west of river Danubius (Danube). Cotini – areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Eravisci/Aravisci – areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube), Aquincum
Aquincum
(modern Budapest) was in their territory. Hercuniates/Hercuniatae - areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Latobici/Latovici - not the same tribe as the Latobrigi
Latobrigi
but could be related, areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Scordisci – areas of modern Serbia, Croatia, Austria, Romania, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Serrapilli
Serrapilli
- areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Serretes
Serretes
- areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Varciani – areas of modern Slovenia, Croatia.

Veneti? (Transitional people between Celts
Celts
and Italics? Celticized Italic people? Para-Celtic people?)

Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia/Cjargna). A tribe related to the Carnutes? Also may have been a Venetic tribe (the Veneti were a transitional people between Celts and Italics or a Celticized Italic people). Catari

Illyria[edit] See also: List of ancient tribes in Illyria
List of ancient tribes in Illyria
and Celticization Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

Tribes in Illyricum and environs during AD 6 showing the extent of Celtic influence

Tribes in Thrace
Thrace
before the Roman period.

This list includes tribes parts of which migrated to Illyria.

Eastern Celts[40]

Arabiates[41] Belgites[42] Boii[43] Breuci[44] Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia/Cjargna). A tribe related to the Carnutes? Also may have been a Venetic tribe (the Veneti were a transitional people between Celts and Italics or a Celticized Italic people). Celegeri[45] Celengeri[citation needed] Cornacates[46] Hercuniates[47] Iapodes/Japodes[48][49]

Posenoi,[50] a community of the Iapodes

Latobici,[51] Scordisci[52]

Dindari or Dindarii (Greek Δινδάριοι),[53] a tribe that was a branch of the Scordisci.[54]

Serrapilli[citation needed] Serretes[55] Tricornenses[56] Varciani[51]

Veneti? (Transitional people between Celts
Celts
and Italics? Celticized Italic people? Para-Celtic people?)

Liburnians

Lopsi

Moesia[edit] See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace
Thrace
and Dacia Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

Eastern Celts[57]

Scordisci[58] Serdi[59][60]

Thrace
Thrace
(Thracia)[edit] See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace
Thrace
and Dacia Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

Eastern Celts[61]

Gauls
Gauls
of Tylis[62]

Anatolia
Anatolia
(Asia Minor)[edit]

Classical regions of Asia Minor/Anatolia

In the 3rd century BC, Gauls
Gauls
immigrated from Thrace
Thrace
into the highlands of central Anatolia
Anatolia
(modern Turkey), that was called Galatia
Galatia
after that. These people, called Galatians, were eventually Hellenized,[63][64] but retained many of their own traditions. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Bithynia[edit]

Galatians - They spoke Galatian (a Gaulish
Gaulish
dialect).

Territory of Gaezatorix,[65] between Bithynia
Bithynia
and Galatia
Galatia
at modern Bolu
Bolu
(unknown tribe)

Galatia[edit]

Galatians - They spoke Galatian (a Gaulish
Gaulish
dialect).

Tectosages,[65] in Galatia Tolistobogii,[65] in Galatia Trocmii,[65] in Galatia
Galatia
(easternmost known Celtic tribe)

Mysia[edit]

Galatians - They spoke Galatian (a Gaulish
Gaulish
dialect).

Aigosages,[65] between Troy
Troy
and Cyzicus Daguteni,[65] in modern Marmara region around Orhaneli

Phrygia[edit]

Galatians - They spoke Galatian (a Gaulish
Gaulish
dialect).

Trocnades,[65] in Phrygia
Phrygia
around modern Sivrihisar Inovanteni,[65] east of the Trocnades Okondiani,[65] between Phrygia
Phrygia
and Galatia
Galatia
northeast of modern Akşehir Gölü

Unlocated[edit]

Galatians - They spoke Galatian (a Gaulish
Gaulish
dialect).

Rigosages,[65] unlocated

See also[edit]

The summary table on Celtic tribes (in French) Celticization Late Basquisation Illyrians Thracians Britannia Caledonia Hibernia Scotia Hispania Iberia

Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula

Notes[edit]

^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ a b c Ioana A. Oltean, Dacia: Landscape, Colonization and Romanization, ISBN 0-415-41252-8, 2007, p. 47. ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ a b c d Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 224–225. ISBN 1-85109-440-7, ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0.  ^ a b c d "Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 5, chapter 34". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Retrieved 2018-02-12.  ^ The Osi's categorization as Celtic is disputed; see Osi; also may have been a Dacian or Germanic tribe. ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Alfoldi (1974) 24-5 ^ Cowles Prichard, James (1841). Researches Into the Physical History of Mankind: 3, Volume 1. Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper. p. 240.  ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Baldi, Philip (2002). The Foundations of Latin. Walter de Gruyter. p. 112.  ^ Kruta, Venceslas (1991). The Celts. Thames and Hudson. p. 54.  ^ Kruta, Venceslas (1991). The Celts. Thames and Hudson. p. 55.  ^ (Liv. v. 35; Plin. iii. 17. s. 21.) ^ Percivaldi, Elena (2003). I Celti: una civiltà europea. Giunti Editore. p. 82.  ^ Leonelli, Valentina. La necropoli delle Acciaierie di Terni: contributi per una edizione critica (Cestres ed.). p. 33.  ^ Farinacci, Manlio. Carsulae svelata e Terni sotterranea. Associazione Culturale UMRU - Terni.  ^ von Hefner, Joseph (1837). Geographie des Transalpinischen Galliens. Munich.  ^ Venceslas Kruta: La grande storia dei celti. La nascita, l'affermazione e la decadenza, Newton & Compton, 2003, ISBN 88-8289-851-2, ISBN 978-88-8289-851-9 ^ Long, George (1866). Decline of the Roman republic: Volume 2. London.  ^ Snith, William George (1854). Dictionary of Greek and Roman geography: Vol.1. Boston.  ^ Titus, Livius. Ab Urbe Condita. p. 5,34.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Plutarch, Marcellus, chapters 6-7 [1] ^ Markey, Thomas (2008). Shared Symbolics, Genre Diffusion, Token Perception and Late Literacy in North-Western Europe. NOWELE.  ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ a b Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 198–200. ISBN 1-85109-440-7, ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0.  ^ a b Mountain, Harry. (1997). The Celtic Encyclopedia p.225 ISBN 1-58112-890-8 (v. 1) ^ The Encyclopedia of Ireland, B. Lalor and F. McCourt editors, © 2003 New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 1089 ISBN 0-300-09442-6, noting that Ulaidh was the original tribal designation of the Uluti, who are identifiable as the Voluntii of the Ptolomey map and who occupied, at start, all of the historic province of Ulster. ^ http://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=1404299 ^ Ptolemy, Geographia, II, 5, 6 ^ Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 198–200. ISBN 1-85109-440-7, ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0. ^ Jump up to: a b Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 224–225. ISBN 1-85109-440-7, ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0. ^ a b c d e Jorge de Alarcão, “Novas perspectivas sobre os Lusitanos (e outros mundos)”, in Revista portuguesa de Arqueologia, vol. IV, n° 2, 2001, p. 312 e segs. ^ Indoeuropeos y no Indoeuropeos en la Hispania
Hispania
Prerromana, Salamanca: Universidad, 2000 ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Adrian Goldsworthy, How Rome Fell: Death of a Superpower, ISBN 0-300-13719-2, 2009, p. 105: "... who had moved to the Hungarian Plain. Another tribe, the Bastarnae, may or may not have been Germanic. ..." ^ Christopher Webber and Angus McBride, The Thracians
Thracians
700 BC-AD 46 (Men-at-Arms), ISBN 1-84176-329-2, 2001, p. 12: "... never got near the main body of Roman infantry. The Bastarnae
Bastarnae
(either Celts
Celts
or Germans, and `the bravest nation on earth' – Livy
Livy
..." ^ Ion Grumeza, Dacia: Land of Transylvania, Cornerstone of Ancient Eastern Europe, ISBN 0-7618-4465-1, 2009, p. 51: "In a short time the Dacians
Dacians
imposed their conditions on the Anerati, Boii, Eravisci, Pannoni, Scordisci," ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Andrea Faber, Körpergräber des 1.-3. Jahrhunderts in der römischen Welt: internationales Kolloquium, Frankfurt am Main, 19.-20. November 2004, ISBN 3-88270-501-9, p. 144. ^ Géza Alföldy, Noricum, Tome 3 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1974, p. 69. ^ A. Mocsy and S. Frere, Pannonia
Pannonia
and Upper Moesia. A History of the Middle Danube
Danube
Provinces of the Roman Empire. p. 14. ^ Pannonia. A History of the Middle Danube
Danube
Provinces of the Roman Empire. p. 14. ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 217. ^ Velika Dautova-Ruševljan and Miroslav Vujović, Rimska vojska u Sremu, 2006, p. 131: "extended as far as Ruma whence continued the territory of another community named after the Celtic tribe of Cornacates" ^ John T. Koch, Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia, ISBN 1-85109-440-7, 2006, p. 907. ^ Charles Anthon, A Classical Dictionary: Containing The Principal Proper Names Mentioned In Ancient Authors, Part One, 2005, p. 539: "... Tor, " elevated," " a mountain. (Strabo, 293)"; "the Iapodes (Strabo, 313), a Gallo-Illyrian race occupying the valleys of ..." ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 79: "along with the evidence of name formulae, a Venetic element among the Japodes. A group of names identified by Alföldy as of Celtic origin: Ammida, Andes, Iaritus, Matera, Maxa," ^ J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, Tome 2 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1969, pp. 154 and 482. ^ a b J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 81: "In Roman Pannonia
Pannonia
the Latobici and Varciani who dwelt east of the Venetic Catari in the upper Sava valley were Celtic but the Colapiani of ..." ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 140: "... Autariatae at the expense of the Triballi until, as Strabo remarks, they in their turn were overcome by the Celtic Scordisci
Scordisci
in the early third century" ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 217,"... with high mountains, Siculotae (24), Glintidiones (44) and Scirtari, who dwelt along the border with Macedonia. In northeast Bosnia the Dindari are located by the record of one of their chiefs (principes) in the Drina valley" ^ Population and economy of the eastern part of the Roman province
Roman province
of Dalmatia, 2002, ISBN 1-84171-440-2, p. 24: "the Dindari were a branch of the Scordisci" ^ Dubravka Balen-Letunič, 40 godina arheoloških istraživanja u sjeverozapadnoj Hrvatskoj, 1986, p. 52: "and the Celtic Serretes" ^ Alan Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott, The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC-AD 69, 1996, p. 580: "... 580 I3h. DANUBIAN AND BALKAN PROVINCES Tricornenses
Tricornenses
of Tricornium (Ritopek) replaced the Celegeri, the Picensii of Pincum ..." ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 140: "... Autariatae at the expense of the Triballi until, as Strabo remarks, they in their turn were overcome by the Celtic Scordisci
Scordisci
in the early third century BC ..." ^ John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, and N. G. L. Hammond, The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 3, Part 2: The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries BC, ISBN 0-521-22717-8, 1992, p. 600: "In the place of the vanished Treres and Tilataei we find the Serdi
Serdi
for whom there is no evidence before the first century BC. It has for long been supposed on convincing linguistic and archeological grounds that this tribe was of Celtic origin" ^ Dio Cassius, Earnest Cary, and Herbert B. Foster, Dio Cassius: Roman History, Vol. IX, Books 71–80 (Loeb Classical Library, No. 177), 1927, Index: "... 9, 337, 353 Seras, philosopher, condemned to death, 8. 361 Serdi, Thracian tribe defeated by M. Crassus, 6. 73 Seretium,"" ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Frank W. Walbank, Polybius, Rome and the Hellenistic World: Essays and Reflections, ISBN 0-521-81208-9, 2002, p. 116: "... in A7P 60 (1939) 452 8, is not Antigonus Doson but barbarians from the mainland (either Thracians
Thracians
or Gauls
Gauls
from Tylis) (cf. Rostovizef and Welles (1940) 207-8, Rostovizef (1941) 111, 1645), nor has that inscription anything to do with the Cavan expedition. On ..." ^ William M. Ramsay, Historical Commentary on Galatians, 1997, p. 302: "... these adaptable Celts
Celts
were Hellenized
Hellenized
early. The term Gallograecia, compared with Themistius' (p. 360) Γαλατία ..." ^ Roger D. Woodard, The Ancient Languages of Asia Minor, 2008, p. 72: "... The Phrygian elite (like the Galatian) was quickly Hellenized linguistically; the Phrygian tongue was devalued and found refuge only ..." ^ a b c d e f g h i j Prifysgol Cymru, University of Wales, A Detailed Map of Celtic Settlements in Galatia, Celtic Names and La Tène Material in Anatolia, the Eastern Balkans, and the Pontic Steppes.

References[edit]

Alberro, Manuel and Arnold, Bettina (eds.), e-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies, Volume 6: The Celts
Celts
in the Iberian Peninsula, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee, Center for Celtic Studies, 2005. Haywood, John. (2001). Atlas of the Celtic World. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500051097 ISBN 978-0500051092 Kruta, Venceslas. (2000). Les Celtes, Histoire et Dictionnaire. Paris: Éditions Robert Laffont, coll. « Bouquins ». ISBN 2-7028-6261-6. Mallory, J.P. and Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5.

External links[edit]

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/home.html – 51 complete works of authors from Classical Antiquity (Greek and Roman). http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Caesar/Gallic_War/home.html – Julius Caesar text of De Bello Gallico
De Bello Gallico
(Gallic War). http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Caesar/Spanish_War/home.html – Unknown author text (about Julius Caesar in Hispania) of De Bello Hispaniensi (Spanish War). http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Pliny_the_Elder/home.html – Pliny the Elder text of Naturalis Historia
Naturalis Historia
(Natural History) – books 3–6 (Geography and Ethnography). http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Strabo/home.html – Strabo's text of De Geographica (The Geography).

v t e

Celts

Ancient Celts Celtic studies

Peoples

Names Gaels Britons Picts Gauls Iberian Celts Galatians

Places

Gaelic Ireland Dálriata / Alba Iron Age
Iron Age
Britain / Roman Britain
Roman Britain
/ Sub-Roman Britain Dumnonia Iron Age
Iron Age
Gaul
Gaul
/ Roman Gaul
Gaul
/ Brittany Gallaecia Britonia Brigantia (ancient region) Cisalpine Gaul Balkans Transylvania Galatia

Religion

Polytheism Christianity Animism

Mythology

Irish Scottish Welsh British Breton Cornish

Society

Calendar Law Warfare (Gaelic warfare) Coinage

Art

Insular Pictish Brooches Carnyx High cross Interlace Knotwork Mazes Triple spiral Taranis

Modern Celts Celtic Revival

Modern Celtic nations Pan-Celticism
Pan-Celticism
(Celtic Congress Celtic League) Music (Rock) Neopaganism

Reconstructionist Celtic Wicca Neo-Druidism

Languages

Italo-Celtic Proto-Celtic Insular Celtic

Brythonic Goidelic

Continental Celtic

Celtiberian Gaulish Galatian Gallaecian Lepontic Noric

Festivals

Samhain/Calan Gaeaf Imbolc/Gŵyl Fair Beltane/Calan Mai Lughnasadh/Calan Awst

Lists

Celts Tribes Deities English words of Celtic origin Spanish words of Celtic origin Galician words of Celtic origin French words of Gaulish
Gaulish
origin

Celts
Celts
portal Cat

.
l> List Of Celtic Tribes
HOME
The Info List - List Of Celtic Tribes


--- Advertisement ---



Pontic Steppe

Domestication of the horse Kurgan Kurgan
Kurgan
culture Steppe cultures

Bug-Dniester Sredny Stog Dnieper-Donets Samara Khvalynsk Yamna

Mikhaylovka culture

Caucasus

Maykop

East-Asia

Afanasevo

Eastern Europe

Usatovo Cernavodă Cucuteni

Northern Europe

Corded ware

Baden Middle Dnieper

Bronze Age

Pontic Steppe

Chariot Yamna Catacomb Multi-cordoned ware Poltavka Srubna

Northern/Eastern Steppe

Abashevo culture Andronovo Sintashta

Europe

Globular Amphora Corded ware Beaker Unetice Trzciniec Nordic Bronze Age Terramare Tumulus Urnfield Lusatian

South-Asia

BMAC Yaz Gandhara grave

Iron Age

Steppe

Chernoles

Europe

Thraco-Cimmerian Hallstatt Jastorf

Caucasus

Colchian

India

Painted Grey Ware Northern Black Polished Ware

Peoples and societies

Bronze Age

Anatolians Armenians Mycenaean Greeks Indo-Iranians

Iron Age

Indo-Aryans

Indo-Aryans

Iranians

Iranians

Scythians Persians Medes

Europe

Celts

Gauls Celtiberians Insular Celts

Hellenic peoples Italic peoples Germanic peoples Paleo-Balkans/Anatolia:

Thracians Dacians Illyrians Phrygians

Middle Ages

East-Asia

Tocharians

Europe

Balts Slavs Albanians Medieval Europe

Indo-Aryan

Medieval India

Iranian

Greater Persia

Religion and mythology

Reconstructed

Proto-Indo-European religion Proto-Indo-Iranian religion

Historical

Hittite

Indian

Vedic

Hinduism

Buddhism Jainism

Iranian

Persian

Zoroastrianism

Kurdish

Yazidism Yarsanism

Scythian

Ossetian

Others

Armenian

Europe

Paleo-Balkans Greek Roman Celtic

Irish Scottish Breton Welsh Cornish

Germanic

Anglo-Saxon Continental Norse

Baltic

Latvian Lithuanian

Slavic Albanian

Practices

Fire-sacrifice Horse sacrifice Sati Winter solstice/Yule

Indo-European studies

Scholars

Marija Gimbutas J.P. Mallory

Institutes

Copenhagen Studies in Indo-European

Publications

Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture The Horse, the Wheel and Language Journal of Indo-European Studies Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch Indo-European Etymological Dictionary

v t e

Diachronic distribution of Celtic peoples:   core Hallstatt territory, by the 6th century BCE   maximal Celtic expansion, by 275 BCE   Lusitanian and Vettonian area of Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
where Celtic presence is uncertain, Para-Celtic?   the six Celtic nations
Celtic nations
which retained significant numbers of Celtic speakers into the Early Modern period   areas where Celtic languages
Celtic languages
remain widely spoken today

This is a list of Celtic tribes, listed in order of the Roman province (after Roman conquest) or the general area in which they lived. This geographical distribution of Celtic tribes does not imply that tribes that lived in the same general geographical area were more related. Some tribes' or tribal confederation's names are listed under more than one region because they dwelt in several of the regions.

Contents

1 High Danube-Hercynia

1.1 Hercynia 1.2 Noricum 1.3 Rhaetia 1.4 Vindelicia

2 Venetia 3 Liguria 4 Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia)

4.1 Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Cisalpina) 4.2 Transalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Transalpina)

4.2.1 Aquitania
Aquitania
Propria ( Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper) 4.2.2 Belgica 4.2.3 Celtica 4.2.4 Narbonensis

5 Great Britain (Britannia)

5.1 Britain Proper ( Britannia
Britannia
Propria) 5.2 Caledonia

6 Ireland
Ireland
(Hibernia) 7 Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
(Hispania)

7.1 Citerior Iberia ( Hispania
Hispania
Citerior)

7.1.1 Tarraconensis

7.2 Ulterior Iberia ( Hispania
Hispania
Ulterior)

7.2.1 Baetica 7.2.2 Lusitania

8 Middle and Low Danube

8.1 Dacia 8.2 Illyricum

8.2.1 Pannonia 8.2.2 Illyria

8.3 Moesia 8.4 Thrace
Thrace
(Thracia)

9 Anatolia
Anatolia
(Asia Minor)

9.1 Bithynia 9.2 Galatia 9.3 Mysia 9.4 Phrygia 9.5 Unlocated

10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 External links

High Danube-Hercynia[edit]

Map showing the Roman district (probably not yet a full province by then) of Raetia et Vindelicia, as it stood in AD 14, with some Raeti tribal names

Southern Central Europe, roughly upper Danube
Danube
river basin and neighboring regions, is hypothesized as the original area of the Celts (Proto-Celts), corresponding to the Hallstatt Culture. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Hercynia[edit]

Eastern Celts[1]

Anartes/Anartoi – Celts
Celts
assimilated by Dacians.[2] Areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and modern Northern Hungary, north of the river Tysia/Tibiscus (Tisza). They lived in the east part of the Hercynia Silva (Hercynian Forest). Boii[3]– a tribal confederation, originally from today's Bohemia (Western Czech Republic) that dwelt in the Hercynia Silva and dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe, to areas of modern Slovakia, Germany, Austria, Hungary
Hungary
and Northern Italy.[4][5]

Boii
Boii
tribes of unknown names in the Hercynia Silva - roughly in today's Bohemia

Cotini/Gotini – areas of modern Slovakia, west of the Anartes, and areas of Western Hungary, south of Lacus Pelsodis/Pelso (Lake Balaton). Lugii – areas of modern southwestern and southern Poland; also may have been a Germanic tribe. Osi/Osii – areas of modern Slovakia[6] Volcae
Volcae
- a tribal confederation, originally from today's Moravia (Eastern Czech Republic), Central and Upper Danube
Danube
basin (Slovakia, Austria, Southern Germany), dwelt in Hercynia Silva, north of the Danuvius (Danube), but dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe (Southern Gaul) and Asia Minor/ Anatolia
Anatolia
(Galatia).

Volcae
Volcae
tribes of unknown names in the Hercynia Silva - roughly in today's Moravia.

Gauls
Gauls
(Celtae)

Helvetii – original dwellers of Agri Decumates
Agri Decumates
region, in the western part of Hercynia Silva, unknown named tribes of the Helvetii tribal confederation, also dwelt to the South and Southwest in Helvetia (modern day Switzerland). Decumates
Decumates
may have meant "Ten Cantons". Latobrigi/Latovici - uncertain location, maybe to the north or northeast of the Helvetii
Helvetii
in the upper Danube
Danube
(Danubius) and upper Rhine
Rhine
river basins, original dwellers of Agri Decumates
Agri Decumates
region, in the western part of Hercynia Silva. Tulingi
Tulingi
(Tylangii?) – localisation unclear, possibly Southern Germany, Switzerland
Switzerland
or Austria; also may have been a Germanic tribe.

Noricum[edit]

Eastern Celts[7]

Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia/Cjargna). A tribe related to the Carnutes? Also may have been a Venetic tribe (the Veneti were a transitional people between Celts and Italics or a Celticized Italic people). Norici/ Taurisci
Taurisci
- a tribal confederation

Alauni - in the middle Aenus river basin (Inn), east of the Aenus in the Eastern Alps, Chiemsee
Chiemsee
and Attersee lakes region. Ambidravi/Ambidrani - in the upper and middle Dravus (Drau/Drava) river basin in the Eastern Alps
Eastern Alps
and also in the Mur/Mura river basin, today's Carinthia
Carinthia
and Styria, Austria. Ambilici - in the Dravus (Drau/Drava) river basin, east of the Ambidravi/Ambidrani (today's Southeast Austria
Austria
and Northeast Slovenia). Ambisontes/Ambisontii - in the Alpes Noricae (East Central Alps), in the upper Salzach
Salzach
river basin. Norici/Nori - may have been a tribe of the larger Taurisci
Taurisci
tribal federation; in the Eastern Alps
Eastern Alps
and in the Mur/Mura and Schwarza rivers basins and other areas, today's Styria
Styria
and Lower Austria (Austria) south of the Danubius (Danube). Sevaces - in the low Aenus river basin (Inn), east of the Aenus and south of the Danubius (Danube), roughly in today's Upper Austria.

Rhaetia[edit]

Rhaetians – They lived in Central Alps, eastern parts of present-day Switzerland, the Tyrol in Austria, and the Alpine regions of northern Italy. They spoke the Rhaetian language. There is evidence that the non-Celtic (and Pre-Indo-European) elements (see Tyrsenian languages) had, by the time of Augustus, been assimilated by the influx of Celtic tribes and had adopted Celtic speech.[8] In addition, the abundance of Celtic toponyms and the complete absence of Etruscan place names in the Rhaetian territory, leads to the conclusion that, by the time of Roman conquest, the Rhaetians were completely Celticized.[9]

Benlauni - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn) in today's North Tirol, Austria, along with the Breuni
Breuni
(may have been older dwellers than the Breuni), not the same as the Breuni, Pons Aeni (modern Wasserburg) was their main centre. Breuni/Brenni/Breones - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn) in today's North Tirol, Austria, and Val Bregna and around Brenner Mountain; also may have been an Illyrian tribe and not a Rhaetian one. Brixenetes/Brixentes/Brixantae - Upper valley of fl. Athesis (r. Adige) in today's South Tirol, Italy, around Bressanone/Brixen. Calucones/Culicones - Calanda (upper valley of fl. Rhenus - r. Rhine) in today's Grisons
Grisons
canton, Switzerland
Switzerland
and Valtellina, Colico. Camunni/ Camuni
Camuni
- Val Camonica
Val Camonica
(river Oglio) in today's Brescia Province (Lombardia, Italy); also may have been a tribe of the Euganei and not a Rhaetian tribe. Consuanetae/Cosuanetes/Cotuantii? - Upper and middle valley of fl. Isarus (r. Isar) (Bavarian Alps) in today's Upper Bavaria, Germany; also may have been a tribe of the Vindelici
Vindelici
(a tribal confederacy), named Cotuantii (if they are the same). Focunates - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn) in today's North Tirol, Austria, neighbours to Genaunes and Breuni. Genaunes/Genauni - Upper valleys of the fl. Aenus (r. Inn) and the Athesis (Adige) in today's Tirol ( North Tirol
North Tirol
and South Tirol); also may have been an Illyrian tribe and not a Rhaetian one; east of the Lepontii. Isarci - Valley of fl. Isarcus (r. Isarco) in today's South Tirol, Italy. Leponti/Lepontii/Leipontii/Lepontes - Val Leventina
Val Leventina
and Val d'Ossola in today's Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Piemonte, Italy; also may not have been a Rhaetian tribe but instead a Gaulish
Gaulish
tribe; west of the Genaunes/Genauni. Medoaci - close to the Meduacum (Brenta) source, Ausugum (Borgo Valsugana) was their main town. Mesiales - south of the Lepontii. Naunes - in Val di Non, Trento
Trento
Province. Querquani - in Quero
Quero
area (today's Belluno Province, Veneto Region). Runicates/Rucinates/Rucantii? - Between rivers Isarus (Isar) and Danuvius (Danube), Low Bavaria; also may have been a tribe of the Vindelici
Vindelici
(a tribal confederation). Rugusci/Ruigusci/Rucantii? Upper Engadin
Engadin
(fl. Aenus - r. Inn) in today's Grisons
Grisons
canton, Switzerland. Suanetes/Suanitae/Sarunetes - Upper Rhenus (Upper Rhine) and Valley of r. Albula in today's Grisons
Grisons
canton, Switzerland. Tridentini - in the middle Athesis (Adige) river basin. Trumpilini/Trumplini - Val Trompia in today's Brescia
Brescia
Province, Italy; also may have been a tribe of the Euganei and not a Rhaetian tribe. Vennonetes/Vennones/Vennonienses - Upper valley of fl. Rhenus (r. Rhine) in today's canton of St. Gallen, Switzerland; also may not have been a Rhaetian tribe but instead a tribe of the Vindelici
Vindelici
(a tribal confederation). Venostes - Vinschgau
Vinschgau
(It. Val Venosta) (fl. Athesis - r. Adige) in today's South Tirol, Italy.

Vindelicia[edit]

Eastern Celts[10]

Vindelici – a tribal confederation, areas of modern Southern Germany
Germany
( Bavaria
Bavaria
and Baden-Württemberg), in the upper Danube
Danube
basin.

Brigantii – in the Lacus Brigantinus (Lake Constance) area, Brigantia (Bregenz) was the main centre, in the border areas of modern Germany, Austria
Austria
and Switzerland, north of the Vennonetes/Vennones/Vennonienses. Catenates - South of the Danubius (Danube), in the low Licus (Lech) river area, Augusta Vindelicorum
Augusta Vindelicorum
region (today's Augsburg), north of the Licates. Consuanetae/Cosuanetes/Cotuantii? - Upper and middle valley of fl. Isarus (r. Isar) (Bavarian Alps) in today's Upper Bavaria, Germany. Estiones - South of the Danubius (Danube), in the Ilargus (Roth) and Riss rivers area, including today's Ulm
Ulm
area (between modern Bavaria
Bavaria
and Baden-Württemberg), Cambodunum (today's Kempten) was one of their towns. Leuni - in the Isarus (Isar) and Ammer (Amper) river areas, Munich
Munich
area, Bavaria. Licates - in the Licus (Lech) river valley, south of the Catenates. Runicates/Rucinates/Rucantii? - Between rivers Isarus (Isar) and Danuvius (Danube), Low Bavaria. Vennonetes/Vennones/Vennonienses - Upper valley of fl. Rhenus (r. Rhine) in today's canton of St. Gallen, Switzerland, south of the Brigantii.

Venetia[edit]

Eastern Celts[11]

Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia/Cjargna). A tribe related to the Carnutes? Catubrini - In the Alps
Alps
Southeastern slopes, close to Atesis (Adige) and near Tridentum (Trento), to the Southwest of the Carni. They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
and not from Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia). (They were not Cisalpine Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts).

Veneti? (Transitional people between Celts
Celts
and Italics? Celticized Italic people? Para-Celtic people?)

Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia/Cjargna). A tribe related to the Carnutes? Catali Catari Histri Secusses Subocrini Veneti Proper

Liguria[edit]

Ligures – Northern Mediterranean Coast straddling South-east French and North-west Italian coasts, including Northern Tuscany and Corsica. Because of the strong Celtic influences on their language and culture, they were known already in antiquity as Celto- Ligurians
Ligurians
(in Greek Κελτολίγυες, Keltolígues).[12] Very little is known about this language, Ligurian (mainly place names and personal names remain) which is generally believed to have been Celtic or Para-Celtic;[13][14] (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic).

Apuani – Eastern Liguria
Liguria
from the Northern Apennines
Apennines
Mountains to the mediterranean coast. Bagienni (or Vagienni) – (in the area of Bene Vagienna) Briniates (or Boactes) – (in the area of Brugnato) Deciates – (in modern Provence, west of the river Var) Friniates – (in the area now called Frignano) Garuli – (in the area of Cenisola) Genuates – (in the area of Genua - Genova) Hercates – Ilvates (or Iluates) – (if different from the Iriates) (on the island of Elba) Ingauni – Western Liguria
Liguria
from the Northern Apennines
Apennines
Mountains and Ligurian Alps
Alps
to the mediterranean coast. Intemelii - Western Liguria
Liguria
from the Ligurian Alps
Alps
to the mediterranean coast, west of the Ingauni, in the Albium Intemelium area (today's Ventimiglia). Laevi – a ligurian tribe that dwelt in the low river Ticinus (Ticino), according to both Livy
Livy
& Pliny.[15] According to Livy (v. 34), they took part in the expedition of Bellovesus into Italy in the 6th century BC Lapicini (or Lapicinii) – In the extreme northern regions of Liguria, as it was defined in Roman times, on a tributary of the Magra Marici – (near the confluence of the rivers Orba, Bormida and Tanaro) Statielli – on the road from Vada Sabatia, near Savona to Dertona (Tortona) and Placentia Tigulli – from the Northern Apennines
Apennines
Mountains to the mediterranean coast, west of the Apuani. Tricastini –

Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia)[edit] See also: List of peoples of Gaul Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Cisalpina)[edit]

Celtic tribes in orange. Many Roman writers thought the Umbrians to be Celtic as well.[16][17][18]

Peoples of northern Italy during the 4th to 3rd centuries BC (Celtic tribes in blue).

Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Cisalpina), also called Gallia
Gallia
Citerior or Gallia
Gallia
Togata,[19] was the part of Italy continually inhabited by Celts
Celts
since the 13th century BC.[20] Conquered by the Roman Republic in the 220s BC, it was a Roman province
Roman province
from c. 81 BC until 42 BC, when it was merged into Roman Italy.[21] Until that time, it was considered part of Gaul, precisely that part of Gaul
Gaul
on the "hither side of the Alps" (from the perspective of the Romans), as opposed to Transalpine Gaul
Gaul
("on the far side of the Alps").[22]

Cisalpine Gauls
Gauls
(Celtae/Galli Cisalpini) - Multiple waves of population movements from France.[5] They spoke Cisalpine Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type) closely related to Gaulish
Gaulish
or Gallic.

Seven Gaulish
Gaulish
tribes that according to Livy
Livy
settled in Cisalpine Gaul around 600 BC. Led by Bellovesus, they defeated the Etruscans
Etruscans
at the Ticino, settled in Insubria
Insubria
and founded the city of Mediolanum, the modern Milan.[23]

Aedui Ambarri Arverni Aulerci Bituriges Carnutes Salyes

Anani – Western Emilia, Po Valley, (Fidentia, Province of Piacenza) Anamares – Minor tribe whose precise location along the southern bank of the river Padus in Italy is uncertain Anares – Middle Po Valley, Placentia (Piacenza, Province of Piacenza) Cenomani – Eastern Lombardy
Lombardy
(Brixia, Cremona). Related to or a branch of the Cenomani
Cenomani
( Aulerci Cenomani) that lived in Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia). Gaesatae – Numbering c. 30,000, they participated in the battle of Telamon[24] Graioceli/Garocelli – Northwestern Piedmont
Piedmont
in the Graian Alps Insubres – Western Lombardy
Lombardy
(Milan) Libici/Libui – Between the rivers Duria Bautica/Duria Maior (Dora Baltea) and Sesites/Sessites (Sesia). Lingones – North-eastern Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
(Ferrara), Po Valley. Related to or a branch of the Lingones
Lingones
that lived in Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia). Orobii or Orumbovii – Central Lombardy
Lombardy
(Bergamo) Salassi – Aosta Valley
Aosta Valley
and Canavese
Canavese
(Northern Piedmont) (Ivrea) Segusini (or Cottii) – Western Piedmont
Piedmont
on Cottian Alps
Alps
(Susa) Senones – South-eastern Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
(Rimini) and Northern Marche
Marche
(Senigallia). Related to or a branch of the Senones
Senones
that lived in Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia). Taurini – Piedmont
Piedmont
(Turin) Vertamocorii – Eastern Piedmont
Piedmont
(Novara) Boii – Central Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
(Bologna).

Lepontine Celts
Celts
- They seem to have been an older group of Celts
Celts
that lived in Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
before the Gaulish
Gaulish
Celtic migration. They spoke Lepontic (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language) a Celtic language that seems to precede Cisalpine Gaulish.

Lepontii – Northern Lombardy, North-eastern Piedmont
Piedmont
and Switzerland
Switzerland
in the Lepontine Alps. They were not Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts

Camunni – in the Valcamonica
Valcamonica
and Valtellina
Valtellina
valleys of the Central Alps. A celticized Rhaetic tribe. Some consider them to be Celtic.[25]

Transalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Transalpina)[edit] Transalpine Gaul, meaning literally " Gaul
Gaul
on the other side of the Alps" or " Gaul
Gaul
across the Alps", is approximately modern Belgium, France, Switzerland, Netherlands, and Western Germany. in what would become the Roman provinces of Gallia
Gallia
Narbonensis, Gallia
Gallia
Celtica (later Lugdunensis
Lugdunensis
and Aquitania) and Gallia
Gallia
Belgica. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. List of peoples of Gaul
Gaul
(with their capitals/major settlements):

Map of Gaul
Gaul
(58 BC) with important tribes, towns, rivers, etc.

Aquitania
Aquitania
Propria ( Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper)[edit]

Gauls
Gauls
(Celtae/Galli Cisalpini) - They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

Garumni – along the banks of the high Garumna (Garonne), southwest of the Volcae
Volcae
Tectosages, and in and around Lugdunum Convenarum, among the Convenae. Although they dwelt in Aquitania Proper, they seem to have been a Celtic tribe and not a tribe of the Aquitani
Aquitani
(a people that may have been ancestor of the Basques).

Eastern Celts[26]

Boii
Boii
Boiates/Boviates/Boates – La Tête de Buch, probably around Arcachon Bay
Arcachon Bay
and northwest of Landes (departement), in the Pays de Buch and Pays de Born. Although they dwelt in Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper, they seem to have been a Celtic tribe and not a tribe of the Aquitani (a people that may have been ancestor of the Basques).

Celtiberians
Celtiberians
(Eastern Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Eastern Hispania)

Belendi/Pelendi – Belinum territory (Belin-Béliet), in the middle Sigmatis river (in today's Leyre) river area, south of the Bituriges
Bituriges
Vivisci and the Boii
Boii
Boiates; they may have been related to the Pellendones
Pellendones
(a Celtiberian tribe). Although they dwelt in Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper, they seem to have been a Celtic tribe and not a tribe of the Aquitani
Aquitani
(a people that may have been ancestor of the Basques).

Belgica[edit]

Belgae[27] They dwelt in Belgica, parts of Britannia, and may have dwelt in parts of Hibernia
Hibernia
and also of Hispania) (large tribal confederation).

Ambiani – Amiens Ambivareti Atrebates – Arras Bellovaci – Beauvais Caleti/Caletes – Harfleur
Harfleur
(Caracotinum), later Lillebonne (Juliobona) Catalauni – Châlons-en-Champagne Catuslogi Eburones
Eburones
(mixed Belgae
Belgae
and Germani cisrhenani
Germani cisrhenani
people) Leuci – Toul
Toul
(Tullum Leucorum) Mediomatrici – Metz Meldi – Marne
Marne
(Matrona) – Meaux Menapii – Cassel Morini – Boulogne-sur-Mer Nervii – Bavay, Belgae
Belgae
largest tribal confederation.

Ceutrones
Ceutrones
(Belgae) Geidumni Grudii Levaci Nervii
Nervii
Proper Pleumoxii

Remi – Reims Silvanectii – Senlis Suessiones – Soissons
Soissons
( Suessetani may have been related, result of a migration towards south)[28] Tencteri – Rhine
Rhine
east bank, may have been a Celtic tribe (and not a Germanic one) or a mixed Belgae
Belgae
and Germani tribe. Treveri – Trier Usipetes – Rhine
Rhine
east bank, may have been a Celtic tribe (and not a Germanic one) or a mixed Belgae
Belgae
and Germani tribe. Veliocasses/Velicasses/Velocasses – Rouen Viromandui – Noyon

Celtica[edit]

Gauls
Gauls
(Celtae) - They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type).

Aremorican tribes (Northwestern Gaulish
Gaulish
tribes) - Aremorica/Armorica ( Civitates
Civitates
Armoricae)

Abrincatui Ambibarii/Ambivarii  Armoricani/Aremoricii proper Ambiliates/Ambilatres – Low Liger (Loire) Baiocasses/Boiocasses – Bayeux Carnutes
Carnutes
Autricum
Autricum
(Chartres), Cenabum/ Genabum (Orleans) Coriosolites/Curiosolitae – Corseul Lexovii – Lisieux Namnetes – Nantes Osismii
Osismii
- Western end of Brittany
Brittany
Peninsula Redones – Rennes Venelli/Unelli – Coutances, Contentin
Contentin
Peninsula, in today's Western Normandy
Normandy
region Veneti – Vannes Viducasses/Vadicasses/Vadicassii – Vieux

Central Gaulish
Gaulish
tribes

Aedui/Haedui  - Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
largest tribal confederation.

Aedui/ Haedui
Haedui
proper - Bibracte Ambarri Ambivareti Aulerci Brannovices/Brannovii/Blannovii (a southern branch of the Aulerci but within the Aedui
Aedui
tribal confederation) Bituriges
Bituriges
Cubi – Bourges
Bourges
(an eastern branch of the Bituriges but within the Aedui
Aedui
tribal confederation) Mandubii – Alesia Parisii – Paris Segusiavi/ Segobriges
Segobriges
- Lugdunum
Lugdunum
(Lyon), that was to be capital of Gallia
Gallia
Lugdunensis, was in their land Senones – Sens

Agenisates/Angesinates – Angoumois Agnutes – Vendee Anagnutes Andecamulenses Andecavi/Andes – Angers Antobroges Arverni – Gergovia
Gergovia
(tribal confederation)

Arverni
Arverni
proper Gabali

Arvii Atacini – Aussière Atesui Aulerci (tribal confederation)

Aulerci Cenomani – Le Mans Aulerci Diablintes Aulerci Eburovices Aulerci Sagii

Avantices Bipedimui/Pimpedunni Bituriges
Bituriges
Vivisci – Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Burdigala) Cadurci – Cahors Caeresi Cambolectres Corisopiti Eleuterii Elycoces Epomandui Helvetii – La Tène, (tribal confederation).

Tigurini – Yverdon Tougeni Verbigeni Unknown named tribe ( Helvetii
Helvetii
Proper?)

Insubres Lemovices – Limoges Lingones Medulli Meduci – Médoc Nantuates/Nantuatae Nitiobroges/Nitiobriges Petrocorii – Périgueux Pictones/Pictavi – Poitiers Raurici/Rauraci – Kaiseraugst
Kaiseraugst
(Augusta Raurica) Reieni Ruteni – Rodez Santones – Saintes Seduni – High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Sion (Middle Valais, Switzerland) Sequani – Besançon Tornates/Turnates Tricasses/Tricassini Triviatii Trones Turones/Turoni – Tours Uberi/Viberi – High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Upper Valais Vellavi/Velaunii – Ruessium Veragri - High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Lower Valais Veroduni Boii – Boui near Entrain[4] - They were related to or a branch of the Boii.

Narbonensis[edit]

Gauls
Gauls
(Celtae) - They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type).

Adenates – slopes of the Western Alps
Alps
(Maurienne-Modanne) Adunicates – Andon area Albici – Middle and Lower Durance
Durance
river valley (tribal confederation)

Albienses/Albici Proper Vordenses Vulgientes

Allobroges/Allobriges – Vienne Avatici – Camargue Bebryces (Gauls) – in southern Gaul, south of the Volcae Arecomici, close to Narbo
Narbo
(Narbonne) region. Bodiontici Bramovices – Low Tarentaise, Savoy Briganii – Briançon, High Durance
Durance
river valley Caturiges – Chorges, High Durance
Durance
river valley Cavares/Cavari – North of Low Durance, Arausio
Arausio
(Orange), (tribal confederation)

Cavares
Cavares
Proper Meminii

Ceutrones/Centrones – Moûtiers Chalbici – Chablais Edenates Esubii/Esuvii/Sesuvii – Ubaye Valley Gaesatae/Gaesati Graioceli/Garocelli Helvii/Elvi Iconii – Gap Medulli – Vienne Nemalones Nemeturii – High Var river valley Quariates Salyes/ Salluvii (may have been a Celtic tribe or a mixed Celtic-Ligurian tribe) Segovellauni Segusini Sentienes – Senez Tricorii Veamini Vergunni – Vinon-sur-Verdon Vertamocori – Vercors Vesubiani – Vésubie Vocontii – Vaison-la-Romaine
Vaison-la-Romaine
(in modern Provence, on the east bank of the Rhône)

Ligures
Ligures
- A Celtic related people, closer to the Celts, they spoke ancient Ligurian.

Deciates - a tribe that dwelt in the region of Antipolis (Antibes) west of the river Varus (Var). Elisyces/Helisyces - a tribe that dwelt in the region of Narbo (Narbonne) and modern northern Roussillon. May have been either Iberian or Ligurian or a Ligurian-Iberian tribe. Euburiates Oxybii - a Ligurian tribe that dwelt on the Mediterranean coast
Mediterranean coast
near Massalia (Marseille). Salyes/ Salluvii (may have been a Celtic tribe or a mixed Celtic-Ligurian tribe) Vediantii

v t e

Iron Age
Iron Age
tribes in Gaul

Belgica

Ambiani Aresaces Atrebates Atuatuci Bellovaci Caeroesi Catalauni Condrusi Eburones Leuci Mediomatrici Menapii Morini Nervii Paemani Remi Segni Silvanectes Suessiones Toxandri Treveri Vellocasses Viromandui

Celtica

Abrincatui Aedui Ambarri Andes (Andecavi) Arverni Baiocasses Bituriges
Bituriges
Cubi Cadurci Caletes Carnutes Caturiges Cenomani Curiosolitae Diablintes Eburovices Esuvii Gabali Helvetii Lemovici Lexovii Lingones Meldi Namnetes Nitiobriges Osismii Parisii Petrocorii Pictones Redones Ruteni Santones Senones Segusiavi Sequani Tricasses Turones Unelli Vellavi Veneti Viducasses

Aquitania

Ausci Boii Convenae Elusates Lactorates Sotiates Tarbelli Vasates Vivisci

Narbonensis

Allobroges Arecomici Avatici Cavares Caturiges Ceutrones Deciates Helvii Nantuates Salluvii Volcae
Volcae
(Arecomici and Tectosages) Tricastini Vocontii

Part of: Celtic tribes in Europe

Great Britain (Britannia)[edit]

Northern Britain about the year 150 CE

Southern Britain about the year 150 CE

Wales
Wales
about the year 40 CE

See also: Iron Age
Iron Age
tribes in Britain Britannia
Britannia
was the name Romans
Romans
gave, based on the name of the people: the Britanni. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe but others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Britain Proper ( Britannia
Britannia
Propria)[edit]

Belgae[27] ( Wiltshire
Wiltshire
and Hampshire) (according to classical authors, see Caesar's De Bello Gallico, they were a different people and spoke a different language (Ancient Belgic) from the Gauls
Gauls
and Britons; they were clearly an Indo-European people and may have spoken a Celtic language, although there is a remote possibility that their language may have been Proto-Celtic or Proto-Germanic; they dwelt in Belgica, parts of Britannia, and may have dwelt in parts of Hibernia
Hibernia
and also of Hispania)

Atrebates – an important Belgic tribe of today's Southern England, in Berkshire. Related to or a branch of the Atrebates
Atrebates
that lived in Gallia
Gallia
Belgica. Belgae
Belgae
(tribe) – Belgic tribe, in today's England's south coast, Isle of Wight, Hampshire, Wiltshire Catuvellauni
Catuvellauni
(Hertfordshire) – Belgic tribe, neighbours of the Iceni, they joined in their rebellion. May have been related to the Catalauni. Regnenses/Regni – Belgic tribe, in today's East Hampshire, Sussex
Sussex
and Surrey Parisii (East Riding of Yorkshire)

Britons (Britanni) - They spoke Britonic (an Insular Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

Ancalites (uncertain: speculatively Hampshire
Hampshire
and Wiltshire) Attacotti
Attacotti
(origin uncertain) Bibroci (mentioned by Caesar, location uncertain but possibly Berkshire) Boresti (sometimes Horesti) (In or near Fife, Scotland
Scotland
according to Tacitus) Brigantes
Brigantes
(an important tribe in most of Northern England
England
and in the south-east corner of Ireland) Cantiaci
Cantiaci
(in present-day Kent
Kent
which preserves the ancient tribal name) Carvetii
Carvetii
(Cumberland) Cassi
Cassi
(mentioned by Caesar, possibly south-east England) Cateni (north and west of Sutherland) – they gave the county its Gaelic name Cataibh Cenimagni (mentioned by Caesar, perhaps the same as the Iceni) Corieltauvi/ Coritani
Coritani
( East Midlands
East Midlands
including Leicester) Corionototae (possibly a tribe) (Northumberland) Cornovii (Midlands) Damnonii
Damnonii
(Southwestern Scotland) Deceangli
Deceangli
(Flintshire, Wales) Demetae
Demetae
(Dyfed, Wales) Dobunni
Dobunni
( Cotswolds
Cotswolds
and Severn
Severn
valley) Dumnonii
Dumnonii
(Devon, Cornwall, Somerset)

Cornovii (Cornwall)
Cornovii (Cornwall)
(a sub-tribe, or sept, of the Dumnonii)

Durotriges
Durotriges
(Dorset, south Somerset, south Wiltshire) Gabrantovices Gangani (Llŷn Peninsula, Wales) Iceni
Iceni
(East Anglia) – under Boudica, they rebelled against Roman rule) Novantae
Novantae
( Galloway
Galloway
and Carrick) Ordovices
Ordovices
(Gwynedd, Wales) – they waged guerrilla warfare from the north Wales
Wales
hills Scotti (western portion of Scotland) Segontiaci (probably south-east England) Selgovae
Selgovae
( Dumfriesshire
Dumfriesshire
and the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright) Setantii
Setantii
(possibly a tribe) (Lancashire) Silures
Silures
(south Wales) – resisted the Romans
Romans
in present-day south Wales Trinovantes/ Trinobantes
Trinobantes
(Essex) – neighbours of the Iceni, they joined in their rebellion Votadini/ Otadini
Otadini
(north-east England
England
and south-east Scotland) – they later formed Gododdin

Caledonia[edit]

Picts
Picts
(Picti) - They were a different people from the Britons, but may have shared common ancestry; If their language, Pictish language, was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). They lived in Caledonia
Caledonia
(today's Northern Scotland). Caledonian Forest
Caledonian Forest
( Caledonia
Caledonia
Silva) was in their land. A tribal confederation.

Caledones/ Caledonii
Caledonii
(along the Great Glen) Carnonacae
Carnonacae
(western Highlands) Caereni
Caereni
(far western Highlands) Cornovii/ Cornavii
Cornavii
(far northern mainland Scotland) (northernmost known Celtic tribe) Creones
Creones
(Argyll) Decantae
Decantae
or Ducantae (eastern Ross
Ross
and Black Isle) Epidii
Epidii
( Kintyre
Kintyre
and neighboring islands) Lugi
Lugi
(southern Sutherland) Smertae
Smertae
(central Sutherland) Taexali
Taexali
(Angus and Grampian) Vacomagi
Vacomagi
(in and around the Cairngorms) Venicones
Venicones
( Fife
Fife
and south-west Tayside
Tayside
in Scotland) Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Orkney Islands
Orkney Islands
(may have been Picts) Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Shetland Islands
Shetland Islands
(may have been Picts) Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
(may have been Picts)

v t e

Iron Age
Iron Age
tribes in Britain

Atrebates Belgae Brigantes Caereni Caledonii Cantiaci Carnonacae Carvetii Catuvellauni Coritani Corionototae Cornovii (Central) Cornovii (Northern) Creones Damnonii Decantae Deceangli Demetae Dobunni Dumnonii Durotriges Epidii Gabrantovices Iceni Lopocares Lugi Novantae Ordovices Parisi Regnenses Selgovae Setantii Silures Smertae Suessiones Taexali Textoverdi Trinovantes Vacomagi Venicones Votadini

Part of: Celtic tribes in Europe

Ireland
Ireland
(Hibernia)[edit]

The population groups (tribes and tribal confederations) of Ireland (Iouerníā/Hibernia) mentioned in Ptolemy's Geographia
Geographia
in a modern interpretation.

See also: List of Irish kingdoms
List of Irish kingdoms
and Túath According to Ptolemy's Geography (2nd century AD):

Autini (Auteinoi) Brigantes Cauci (Kaukoi) Coriondi (or Koriondoi) Darini (Darinoi) Eblani (Eblanioi) Erdini (Erdinoi) Gangani (Ganganoi) Iverni
Iverni
(Iwernoi) Manapii (Manapioi) Nagnatae or Magnatae (Nagnatai or Magnatai) Robogdii (Rhobogdioi) Usdiae (Ousdiai) Uterni Velabri or Vellabori (Wellaboroi) Vennicnii (Wenniknioi) Volunti
Volunti
(Woluntioi) – identifiable with the Ulaidh/Uluti[29]

v t e

Ptolemy's Ireland

Peoples

Auteini Brigantes Cauci Coriondi Darini Eblani Erdini Gangani Iverni Manapii Nagnatae Robogdii Uellabori Uennicnii Uodiae Uoluntii

Towns

Dunon Eblana Iuernis Labiros Makolikon Manapia Nagnata Raiba Regia Regia Etera

Rivers

Argita Auoba Birgos Buuinda Dabrona Dur Iernos Libnios Logia Modonnos Oboka Rauios Senos Uidua Uinderios

Promontories

Isamnion Northern Robogdion Sacron Southern Uennicnion

Islands

Adros Ebuda Epidion Erimnos Limnos Malaios Mona Monaoida Rikina

Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
(Hispania)[edit]

Main language areas, peoples and tribes in Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
c. 300 BC.

Territory of the Celtiberi, mixed Celtic and Iberian tribes or Celtic tribes influenced by Iberians, with the possible location of the tribes.

See also: Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula The Celts
Celts
in the Iberian peninsula
Iberian peninsula
were traditionally thought of as living on the edge of the Celtic world of the La Tène
La Tène
culture that defined classical Iron Age
Iron Age
Celts. Earlier migrations were Hallstatt in culture and later came La Tène
La Tène
influenced peoples. Celtic or (Indo-European) Pre-Celtic cultures and populations existed in great numbers and Iberia experienced one of the highest levels of Celtic settlement in all of Europe. They dwelt in northern, central and western regions of Iberian Peninsula, but also in several southern regions. The Roman province
Roman province
of Hispania
Hispania
included both Celtic speaking and non-Celtic speaking tribes. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Citerior Iberia ( Hispania
Hispania
Citerior)[edit] Hispania
Hispania
Citerior ("Nearer Hispania", " Hispania
Hispania
that is Closer", from the perspective of the Romans), was a region of Hispania
Hispania
during the Roman Republic, roughly occupying the northeastern coast and the Iberus (Ebro) Valley and later the eastern, central, northern and northwestern areas of the Iberian peninsula
Iberian peninsula
in what would become the Tarraconensis
Tarraconensis
Roman province
Roman province
(of what is now Spain
Spain
and northern Portugal). Tarraconensis[edit]

Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Hispania
Hispania
- They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

Celtiberians
Celtiberians
(Eastern Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Eastern Hispania) – Eastern Iberian meseta (Spain), mountains of the headwaters of the rivers Douro, Tagus, Guadiana
Guadiana
(Anas), Júcar, Jalón, Jiloca and Turia, (tribal confederation). Mixed Celtic and Iberian tribes or Celtic tribes influenced by Iberians. Not synonymous of all the Celts
Celts
that lived in the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
but to a narrower group, the majority of Celtic tribes in the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
were not Celtiberians. They spoke Celtiberian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

Arevaci Belli Cratistii Lobetani Lusones – Western Zaragoza (province), Eastern Guadalajara (Spain). Olcades Pellendones/Cerindones, in high Duero
Duero
river course (Numantia) and neighboring mountains, may also have been related to the Pelendi/Belendi that dwelt in the middle of the river Sigmatis, today's Leyre. Titii (Celtiberian) Turboletae/Turboleti Uraci/Duraci

Western Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Western Hispania
Hispania
- They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

Allotriges/Autrigones – East Burgos
Burgos
(Spain), Northwestern La Rioja (Spain) to the Atlantic Coast Astures – Asturias
Asturias
and northern León (Spain), and east of Trás os Montes (Portugal), (tribal confederation).

Cismontani

Amaci Cabruagenigi Gigurri Lancienses Lougei Orniaci Superatii Susarri/ Astures
Astures
Proper Tiburi Zoelae – Eastern Trás-os-Montes (Portugal), (Miranda do Douro).

Transmontani

Baedunienses Brigaentini Cabarci Iburri Luggones/Lungones Paenii Paesici Saelini Vinciani Viromenici. Might be related to the Viromandui.

Bebryaces/Berybraces – unknown location, may have been related to the Bebryces (gauls) or the Berones, there is also the possibility that it was an old name of the Celtiberians. Cantabri – Cantabria, part of Asturias
Asturias
and part of Castile-Leon (Spain); some consider them not Celtic, may have been Pre-Celtic Indo-European as could have been the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones
Vettones
[2]. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). A Tribal confederation.

Avarigines Blendii/Plentusii/Plentuisii Camarici/Tamarici Concani Coniaci/Conisci Moroecani Noegi Orgenomesci Salaeni/Selaeni Vadinienses Vellici/Velliques

Caristii/Carietes – today's West Basque Country, they may have been Celtic (see Late Basquisation), they were later assimilated by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 6th and 7th centuries CE; Some consider them not Celtic, may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-European people as the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones
Vettones
could have been. [3]. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). Carpetani – Central Iberian meseta (Spain), in the geographical centre of the Iberian Peninsula, in a large part of today's Castilla-La Mancha
Castilla-La Mancha
and Madrid regions. A tribal confederation with 27 identified tribes.[30]

Aelariques - Aeturiques - Arquioci - in Iplacea, Roman named Complutum
Complutum
(today's Alcalá de Henares) region. Acualiques - Bocouriques - Canbarici - in Toletum
Toletum
(Toledo) region. Contucianci - in Segobriga
Segobriga
region. Dagencii - Doviliques - Duitiques - Duniques - Elguismiques - Langioci - Longeidoci - Maganiques - Malugeniques - Manuciques - Maureici - Mesici - Metturici - Moenicci - Obisodiques - in Toletum
Toletum
(Toledo) region Pilonicori - Solici - Tirtaliques - in Segobriga
Segobriga
region. Uloques - Venatioques -

Gallaecians or Callaici – Gallaecia
Gallaecia
( Spain
Spain
& Portugal). Western Hispano- Celts
Celts
largest tribal confederation.

Addovi/Iadovi Aebocosi Albiones/Albioni – western Asturias
Asturias
(Spain). Amphiloci Aobrigenses Arroni/Arrotrebi Arrotrebae/Artabri – Northern Galicia (Spain), They might be related to the Atrebates
Atrebates
of Gallia
Gallia
Belgica. Aunonenses Baedi Banienses – around Baião Municipality, Eastern Porto District, (Portugal). Biballi Bracari/Callaeci/Gallaeci Proper – Southeastern Braga
Braga
District, Braga, Western Porto District, Oporto, (Portugal). Brigantes
Brigantes
( Callaici
Callaici
tribe) – Northern Bragança District, Bragança, (Portugal). Caladuni Capori Celtici
Celtici
Praestamarici Celtici
Celtici
Supertamarici Cibarci Cileni Coelerni/Aquaflavienses – Braga
Braga
District, Vila Real District (Chaves), (Portugal) and Ourense
Ourense
(Spain). Egi Egovarri Equaesi – Minho and Trás-os-Montes (Portugal). Grovii – Minho (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain). Iadones Interamici/Interamnici – Trás-os-Montes (Portugal). Lapatianci Lemavi Leuni – Minho (Portugal). Limici – Lima river banks, Minho (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain). Louguei Luanqui – Trás-os-Montes (Portugal). Naebisoci/Aebisoci Namarii Namarini Narbasi -Minho (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain). Nemetati – Minho (Portugal). Nerii Poemani, they might be related to the Paemani. Quaquerni/Querquerni – Minho (Portugal). Seurbi – Minho (Portugal). Seurri – Sarria
Sarria
Municipality, East Central Galicia (Spain) Tamagani – Chaves (Portugal). Turodi – Trás-os-Montes (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain). Varri

Mantesani/Mentesani/Mantasani – La Mancha
La Mancha
Plateau, Castilla-La Mancha (Spain); were a different people from the Oretani. Plentauri – Northwestern La Rioja (Spain). Turmodigi
Turmodigi
or Turmogi - Central Burgos. Vaccaei – North Central Iberian meseta (Spain), middle Duero river basin. A tribal confederation. Ptolemy
Ptolemy
mentions 20 vaccaean Civitates
Civitates
(that also had the meaning of tribes)[31]

Cauci (Vaccaei) – in Cauca (Coca, Segovia)

Varduli – today's East Basque Country, they may have been Celtic (see Late Basquisation), they were later assimilated by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 6th and 7th centuries CE; Some consider them not Celtic, may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-European people as the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones
Vettones
could have been. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). [4].

Belgae? - They spoke Ancient Belgian language.

Suessetani - Far North Western Aragon
Aragon
and Far South Eastern Navarra (Spain), between the rivers Gallicus (Gállego) and Low Aragon, and between the river Ebro
Ebro
and Sierra de Santo Domingo mountains. Alba (Arba) river basin (a tributary of the Ebro) was in the centre of their territory that also included the Bardenas Reales. Corbio was their capital. They were North of the Celtiberians, South of the Iacetani and the Vascones, West of the Galli (tribe). They were later conquered by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 2nd Century B.C. that were allies of the Romans. Could have been related to the Suessiones
Suessiones
(a tribe of the Belgae).[28] Berones – La Rioja (Spain). Could have been related to the Eburones. Oretani? – northeastern Andalusia, northwest Múrcia and southern fringes of La Mancha, (Spain), mountains of the headwaters of the Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
(ancient river Baetis); Some consider them not Celtic [5] (see Germani (Oretania)).

Volcae

Volciani – may have been a tribe related to the Volcae
Volcae
and not to the Hispano-Celts/Iberian Celts
Celts
(i.e. the Celts
Celts
of the Iberian Peninsula). Located north of the river Iberus (Ebro), but not very precisely.

Gauls
Gauls
(Galli) – Some gaulish tribes may have migrated towards south and crossed the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
(by the north, the central or the south areas of the mountains) in a second or a third Celtic wave to the Iberian Peninsula. These tribes were different from the Hispano-Celtic/Iberian Celtic tribes. They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type).

Galli (tribe) – along Gallicus (Gállego) river banks, see place names (toponyms) like Forum Gallorum, Gallur, a different tribe from the Suessetani; may have been a tribe related to the Galli (Gauls) and not to the Hispano-Celts/Iberian Celts.

Ulterior Iberia ( Hispania
Hispania
Ulterior)[edit] Hispania
Hispania
Ulterior ("Further Hispania", " Hispania
Hispania
that is Beyond", from the perspective of the Romans) was a region of Hispania
Hispania
during the Roman Republic, roughly located in what would become the provinces of Baetica
Baetica
(that included the Baetis, Guadalquivir, valley of modern Spain) and extending to all of Lusitania
Lusitania
(modern south and central Portugal, Extremadura
Extremadura
and a small part of Salamanca
Salamanca
province). Baetica[edit]

Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Hispania
Hispania
- They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

Western Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Western Hispania
Hispania
- They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

Celtici
Celtici
of Arunda (Ronda) – in south Turdetania, later Baetica Roman province, (in today's western Málaga Province), Andalucia region (southernmost known Celtic tribe). Turduli – Guadiana
Guadiana
valley (Portugal) and Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain); may have been related to Lusitanians, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani.

Turduli
Turduli
Baetici/ Turduli
Turduli
Baetures - Baeturia/Baeturia Turdulorum (ancient northern region of Baetica
Baetica
Province), south and east of the river Anas (Guadiana) and northern slope of Marianus Mons (Sierra Morena), Southern Extremadura
Extremadura
region, Badajoz Province, Portugal Southeastern corner, East Beja District, Alentejo
Alentejo
region.

Turdetanians – Today's Western Andalucia
Andalucia
( Hispania
Hispania
Baetica), Baetis (Guadalquivir) river valley and basin, Marianus Mons (Sierra Morena), some consider them Celtic.,[32] may have been Pre-Celtic Indo-European people as the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones. If their language, called Turdetanian or Tartessian, was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). Also may have been a non-Indo-European people related to the Iberians, but not the same people. A tribal confederation but with a much more centralized power, may have formed an early form of Kingdom or a Proto-civilisation (see Tartessos)

Cilbiceni – approximately in today's Cádiz Province Elbisini/Eloesti/Olbisini – in today's Huelva Province Etmanei – in the middle area of Baetis (Guadalquivir) river course and surrounding region, approximately in today's Córdoba Province Gletes/Galetes/Ileates – in Marianus Mons (Sierra Morena), approximately in today's northern areas of the provinces of Huelva, Seville and Córdoba Turdetani/Tartessii Proper – in the low course of 'the river 'Baetis (Guadalquivir) and surrounding region, approximately in today's Seville Province

Lusitania[edit]

Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Hispania
Hispania
- They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

Western Hispano-Celts/ Celts
Celts
of Western Hispania
Hispania
- They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

Celtici – Portugal
Portugal
south of the Tagus
Tagus
and north of Guadiana (Anas), Alentejo
Alentejo
and Algarve
Algarve
(Portugal), western Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain), (tribal confederation).

Cempsi Conii – according to some scholars, Conii
Conii
and Cynetes
Cynetes
were two different peoples or tribes and the names were not two different names of the same people or tribe; in this case, the Conii
Conii
may have dwelt along the northern banks of the middle Anas (Guadiana) river, in today's western Extremadura
Extremadura
region of Spain, and were a Celtici
Celtici
tribe wrongly confused with the Cynetes
Cynetes
of Cyneticum (Algarve) that dwelt from the west banks of the Low river Anas (Guadiana) further to the south (the celticization of the Cynetes
Cynetes
by the Celtici
Celtici
confused the distinction between the two peoples or tribes).[33] Mirobrigenses Sefes/Saefes

Cynetes – Cyneticum (today's Algarve
Algarve
region) and Low Alentejo (Portugal); originally probably Tartessians or similar, later celtized by the Celtici; according to some scholars, Cynetes
Cynetes
and Conii
Conii
were two different peoples or tribes[33] [6]. Turduli – Guadiana
Guadiana
valley (Portugal) and Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain); may have been related to Lusitanians, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani.

Turduli
Turduli
Bardili – Setubal Peninsula
Setubal Peninsula
(Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani. Turduli
Turduli
Oppidani – Estremadura (Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani. Turduli
Turduli
Veteres – Southern Douro
Douro
banks, between Douro
Douro
and Vouga River, Aveiro District, (Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani.

Lusitanians-Vettones

Lusitanians
Lusitanians
(Lusitani/Bellitani) – Portugal
Portugal
south of the Duoro and north of the Tagus, and northwestern Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain). They spoke Lusitanian that is a clearly Indo-European language but the filiation as a Celtic language is not surely proven (although many tribal names and place names, toponyms, are Celtic). Attempts to classify the language have also pointed at an Italic origin.[34] Hence Lusitanian language
Lusitanian language
may have been a Para-Celtic Indo-European branch like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). The Lusitanians
Lusitanians
have also been identified as being a pre-Celtic Indo-European speaking culture of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
closely related to the neighbouring Vettones
Vettones
tribal confederation.[33] However, under their controversial theory of Celtic originating in Iberia, John T Koch and Barry Cunliffe have proposed a para-Celtic identity for the Lusitanian language
Lusitanian language
and culture or that they spoke an archaic Proto-Celtic language and were Proto-Celtic in ethnicity.

Arabrigenses Aravi Coelarni/Colarni Interamnienses Lancienses

Lancienses Oppidani Lancienses Transcudani Ocelenses Lancienses

Meidubrigenses Paesuri – Douro
Douro
and Vouga (Portugal). Palanti Tangi

Elbocori Igaeditani Tapori/Tapoli – river Tagus, around the border area of Portugal and Spain.

Talures Veaminicori Other Lusitanian tribes? (According to some scholars, these tribes were Lusitanians
Lusitanians
and not Vettones)[33]

Calontienses Caluri Coerenses

Vettones – Ávila and Salamanca
Salamanca
(Spain), may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-European people, closely related to the Lusitani. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). A tribal confederation.

Bletonesii – Bletisama (today's Ledesma) was their main centre, Salamanca
Salamanca
Province, Spain. Other Vettonian tribes? (According to some scholars, these tribes were Lusitanians
Lusitanians
and not Vettones)[33]

Calontienses Caluri Coerenses

Middle and Low Danube[edit] Dacia[edit] See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace
Thrace
and Dacia Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

Eastern Celts[35]

Anartes/Anartii/ Anartoi
Anartoi
- Celts
Celts
assimilated by Dacians[2] Areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and modern Northern Hungary, north of the river Tysia/Tibiscus (Tisza), north of the Teuriscii. Bastarnae,[36][37] a Celto-Germanic people, and according to Livy
Livy
"the bravest nation on earth" Boii – a tribal confederation, originally from today's Southern France
France
who migrated to Hercynia Silva under Segovesus, and dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe, to areas of modern Slovakia, Germany, Austria, Hungary.[4][5] Eravisci[38] Teuriscii
Teuriscii
- A branch of the Celtic Taurisci
Taurisci
(originally from Noricum) in the Tysia/Tibiscus (Tisza) river basin south of the Anartes/Anartii/Anartoi. Celts
Celts
assimilated by Dacians[2]

Illyricum[edit]

Ancient tribes in the middle Danube
Danube
river basin around 1st C. BCE

Central and northern Illyrian tribes
Illyrian tribes
and neighbouring Celtic tribes to the North and Northwest during the Roman period.

Pannonia[edit]

Eastern Celts[39]

Arabiates
Arabiates
- areas of modern Western Hungary
Hungary
and eastern Austria, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Belgites
Belgites
- areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Boii – a tribal confederation, originally from today's Southern France
France
who migrated to Hercynia Silva under Segovesus, and dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe, to areas of modern Slovakia, Germany, Austria, Hungary.[4][5]

Pannonian Boii
Boii
- in Pannonia, today's Western Hungary.

Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia). A tribe related to the Carnutes. Cornacates
Cornacates
- areas of modern Western Hungary, west of river Danubius (Danube). Cotini – areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Eravisci/Aravisci – areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube), Aquincum
Aquincum
(modern Budapest) was in their territory. Hercuniates/Hercuniatae - areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Latobici/Latovici - not the same tribe as the Latobrigi
Latobrigi
but could be related, areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Scordisci – areas of modern Serbia, Croatia, Austria, Romania, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Serrapilli
Serrapilli
- areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Serretes
Serretes
- areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). Varciani – areas of modern Slovenia, Croatia.

Veneti? (Transitional people between Celts
Celts
and Italics? Celticized Italic people? Para-Celtic people?)

Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia/Cjargna). A tribe related to the Carnutes? Also may have been a Venetic tribe (the Veneti were a transitional people between Celts and Italics or a Celticized Italic people). Catari

Illyria[edit] See also: List of ancient tribes in Illyria
List of ancient tribes in Illyria
and Celticization Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

Tribes in Illyricum and environs during AD 6 showing the extent of Celtic influence

Tribes in Thrace
Thrace
before the Roman period.

This list includes tribes parts of which migrated to Illyria.

Eastern Celts[40]

Arabiates[41] Belgites[42] Boii[43] Breuci[44] Carni – Carnic Alps, South Austria
Austria
(Carinthia/Kärnten), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
(Carniola/Kranjska) and Northern Friuli/Friûl (Carnia/Cjargna). A tribe related to the Carnutes? Also may have been a Venetic tribe (the Veneti were a transitional people between Celts and Italics or a Celticized Italic people). Celegeri[45] Celengeri[citation needed] Cornacates[46] Hercuniates[47] Iapodes/Japodes[48][49]

Posenoi,[50] a community of the Iapodes

Latobici,[51] Scordisci[52]

Dindari or Dindarii (Greek Δινδάριοι),[53] a tribe that was a branch of the Scordisci.[54]

Serrapilli[citation needed] Serretes[55] Tricornenses[56] Varciani[51]

Veneti? (Transitional people between Celts
Celts
and Italics? Celticized Italic people? Para-Celtic people?)

Liburnians

Lopsi

Moesia[edit] See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace
Thrace
and Dacia Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

Eastern Celts[57]

Scordisci[58] Serdi[59][60]

Thrace
Thrace
(Thracia)[edit] See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace
Thrace
and Dacia Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

Eastern Celts[61]

Gauls
Gauls
of Tylis[62]

Anatolia
Anatolia
(Asia Minor)[edit]

Classical regions of Asia Minor/Anatolia

In the 3rd century BC, Gauls
Gauls
immigrated from Thrace
Thrace
into the highlands of central Anatolia
Anatolia
(modern Turkey), that was called Galatia
Galatia
after that. These people, called Galatians, were eventually Hellenized,[63][64] but retained many of their own traditions. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Bithynia[edit]

Galatians - They spoke Galatian (a Gaulish
Gaulish
dialect).

Territory of Gaezatorix,[65] between Bithynia
Bithynia
and Galatia
Galatia
at modern Bolu
Bolu
(unknown tribe)

Galatia[edit]

Galatians - They spoke Galatian (a Gaulish
Gaulish
dialect).

Tectosages,[65] in Galatia Tolistobogii,[65] in Galatia Trocmii,[65] in Galatia
Galatia
(easternmost known Celtic tribe)

Mysia[edit]

Galatians - They spoke Galatian (a Gaulish
Gaulish
dialect).

Aigosages,[65] between Troy
Troy
and Cyzicus Daguteni,[65] in modern Marmara region around Orhaneli

Phrygia[edit]

Galatians - They spoke Galatian (a Gaulish
Gaulish
dialect).

Trocnades,[65] in Phrygia
Phrygia
around modern Sivrihisar Inovanteni,[65] east of the Trocnades Okondiani,[65] between Phrygia
Phrygia
and Galatia
Galatia
northeast of modern Akşehir Gölü

Unlocated[edit]

Galatians - They spoke Galatian (a Gaulish
Gaulish
dialect).

Rigosages,[65] unlocated

See also[edit]

The summary table on Celtic tribes (in French) Celticization Late Basquisation Illyrians Thracians Britannia Caledonia Hibernia Scotia Hispania Iberia

Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula

Notes[edit]

^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ a b c Ioana A. Oltean, Dacia: Landscape, Colonization and Romanization, ISBN 0-415-41252-8, 2007, p. 47. ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ a b c d Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 224–225. ISBN 1-85109-440-7, ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0.  ^ a b c d "Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 5, chapter 34". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Retrieved 2018-02-12.  ^ The Osi's categorization as Celtic is disputed; see Osi; also may have been a Dacian or Germanic tribe. ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Alfoldi (1974) 24-5 ^ Cowles Prichard, James (1841). Researches Into the Physical History of Mankind: 3, Volume 1. Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper. p. 240.  ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Baldi, Philip (2002). The Foundations of Latin. Walter de Gruyter. p. 112.  ^ Kruta, Venceslas (1991). The Celts. Thames and Hudson. p. 54.  ^ Kruta, Venceslas (1991). The Celts. Thames and Hudson. p. 55.  ^ (Liv. v. 35; Plin. iii. 17. s. 21.) ^ Percivaldi, Elena (2003). I Celti: una civiltà europea. Giunti Editore. p. 82.  ^ Leonelli, Valentina. La necropoli delle Acciaierie di Terni: contributi per una edizione critica (Cestres ed.). p. 33.  ^ Farinacci, Manlio. Carsulae svelata e Terni sotterranea. Associazione Culturale UMRU - Terni.  ^ von Hefner, Joseph (1837). Geographie des Transalpinischen Galliens. Munich.  ^ Venceslas Kruta: La grande storia dei celti. La nascita, l'affermazione e la decadenza, Newton & Compton, 2003, ISBN 88-8289-851-2, ISBN 978-88-8289-851-9 ^ Long, George (1866). Decline of the Roman republic: Volume 2. London.  ^ Snith, William George (1854). Dictionary of Greek and Roman geography: Vol.1. Boston.  ^ Titus, Livius. Ab Urbe Condita. p. 5,34.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Plutarch, Marcellus, chapters 6-7 [1] ^ Markey, Thomas (2008). Shared Symbolics, Genre Diffusion, Token Perception and Late Literacy in North-Western Europe. NOWELE.  ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ a b Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 198–200. ISBN 1-85109-440-7, ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0.  ^ a b Mountain, Harry. (1997). The Celtic Encyclopedia p.225 ISBN 1-58112-890-8 (v. 1) ^ The Encyclopedia of Ireland, B. Lalor and F. McCourt editors, © 2003 New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 1089 ISBN 0-300-09442-6, noting that Ulaidh was the original tribal designation of the Uluti, who are identifiable as the Voluntii of the Ptolomey map and who occupied, at start, all of the historic province of Ulster. ^ http://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=1404299 ^ Ptolemy, Geographia, II, 5, 6 ^ Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 198–200. ISBN 1-85109-440-7, ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0. ^ Jump up to: a b Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 224–225. ISBN 1-85109-440-7, ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0. ^ a b c d e Jorge de Alarcão, “Novas perspectivas sobre os Lusitanos (e outros mundos)”, in Revista portuguesa de Arqueologia, vol. IV, n° 2, 2001, p. 312 e segs. ^ Indoeuropeos y no Indoeuropeos en la Hispania
Hispania
Prerromana, Salamanca: Universidad, 2000 ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Adrian Goldsworthy, How Rome Fell: Death of a Superpower, ISBN 0-300-13719-2, 2009, p. 105: "... who had moved to the Hungarian Plain. Another tribe, the Bastarnae, may or may not have been Germanic. ..." ^ Christopher Webber and Angus McBride, The Thracians
Thracians
700 BC-AD 46 (Men-at-Arms), ISBN 1-84176-329-2, 2001, p. 12: "... never got near the main body of Roman infantry. The Bastarnae
Bastarnae
(either Celts
Celts
or Germans, and `the bravest nation on earth' – Livy
Livy
..." ^ Ion Grumeza, Dacia: Land of Transylvania, Cornerstone of Ancient Eastern Europe, ISBN 0-7618-4465-1, 2009, p. 51: "In a short time the Dacians
Dacians
imposed their conditions on the Anerati, Boii, Eravisci, Pannoni, Scordisci," ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Andrea Faber, Körpergräber des 1.-3. Jahrhunderts in der römischen Welt: internationales Kolloquium, Frankfurt am Main, 19.-20. November 2004, ISBN 3-88270-501-9, p. 144. ^ Géza Alföldy, Noricum, Tome 3 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1974, p. 69. ^ A. Mocsy and S. Frere, Pannonia
Pannonia
and Upper Moesia. A History of the Middle Danube
Danube
Provinces of the Roman Empire. p. 14. ^ Pannonia. A History of the Middle Danube
Danube
Provinces of the Roman Empire. p. 14. ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 217. ^ Velika Dautova-Ruševljan and Miroslav Vujović, Rimska vojska u Sremu, 2006, p. 131: "extended as far as Ruma whence continued the territory of another community named after the Celtic tribe of Cornacates" ^ John T. Koch, Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia, ISBN 1-85109-440-7, 2006, p. 907. ^ Charles Anthon, A Classical Dictionary: Containing The Principal Proper Names Mentioned In Ancient Authors, Part One, 2005, p. 539: "... Tor, " elevated," " a mountain. (Strabo, 293)"; "the Iapodes (Strabo, 313), a Gallo-Illyrian race occupying the valleys of ..." ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 79: "along with the evidence of name formulae, a Venetic element among the Japodes. A group of names identified by Alföldy as of Celtic origin: Ammida, Andes, Iaritus, Matera, Maxa," ^ J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, Tome 2 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1969, pp. 154 and 482. ^ a b J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 81: "In Roman Pannonia
Pannonia
the Latobici and Varciani who dwelt east of the Venetic Catari in the upper Sava valley were Celtic but the Colapiani of ..." ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 140: "... Autariatae at the expense of the Triballi until, as Strabo remarks, they in their turn were overcome by the Celtic Scordisci
Scordisci
in the early third century" ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 217,"... with high mountains, Siculotae (24), Glintidiones (44) and Scirtari, who dwelt along the border with Macedonia. In northeast Bosnia the Dindari are located by the record of one of their chiefs (principes) in the Drina valley" ^ Population and economy of the eastern part of the Roman province
Roman province
of Dalmatia, 2002, ISBN 1-84171-440-2, p. 24: "the Dindari were a branch of the Scordisci" ^ Dubravka Balen-Letunič, 40 godina arheoloških istraživanja u sjeverozapadnoj Hrvatskoj, 1986, p. 52: "and the Celtic Serretes" ^ Alan Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott, The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC-AD 69, 1996, p. 580: "... 580 I3h. DANUBIAN AND BALKAN PROVINCES Tricornenses
Tricornenses
of Tricornium (Ritopek) replaced the Celegeri, the Picensii of Pincum ..." ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 140: "... Autariatae at the expense of the Triballi until, as Strabo remarks, they in their turn were overcome by the Celtic Scordisci
Scordisci
in the early third century BC ..." ^ John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, and N. G. L. Hammond, The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 3, Part 2: The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries BC, ISBN 0-521-22717-8, 1992, p. 600: "In the place of the vanished Treres and Tilataei we find the Serdi
Serdi
for whom there is no evidence before the first century BC. It has for long been supposed on convincing linguistic and archeological grounds that this tribe was of Celtic origin" ^ Dio Cassius, Earnest Cary, and Herbert B. Foster, Dio Cassius: Roman History, Vol. IX, Books 71–80 (Loeb Classical Library, No. 177), 1927, Index: "... 9, 337, 353 Seras, philosopher, condemned to death, 8. 361 Serdi, Thracian tribe defeated by M. Crassus, 6. 73 Seretium,"" ^ Mallory, J.P.; Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5 ^ Frank W. Walbank, Polybius, Rome and the Hellenistic World: Essays and Reflections, ISBN 0-521-81208-9, 2002, p. 116: "... in A7P 60 (1939) 452 8, is not Antigonus Doson but barbarians from the mainland (either Thracians
Thracians
or Gauls
Gauls
from Tylis) (cf. Rostovizef and Welles (1940) 207-8, Rostovizef (1941) 111, 1645), nor has that inscription anything to do with the Cavan expedition. On ..." ^ William M. Ramsay, Historical Commentary on Galatians, 1997, p. 302: "... these adaptable Celts
Celts
were Hellenized
Hellenized
early. The term Gallograecia, compared with Themistius' (p. 360) Γαλατία ..." ^ Roger D. Woodard, The Ancient Languages of Asia Minor, 2008, p. 72: "... The Phrygian elite (like the Galatian) was quickly Hellenized linguistically; the Phrygian tongue was devalued and found refuge only ..." ^ a b c d e f g h i j Prifysgol Cymru, University of Wales, A Detailed Map of Celtic Settlements in Galatia, Celtic Names and La Tène Material in Anatolia, the Eastern Balkans, and the Pontic Steppes.

References[edit]

Alberro, Manuel and Arnold, Bettina (eds.), e-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies, Volume 6: The Celts
Celts
in the Iberian Peninsula, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee, Center for Celtic Studies, 2005. Haywood, John. (2001). Atlas of the Celtic World. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500051097 ISBN 978-0500051092 Kruta, Venceslas. (2000). Les Celtes, Histoire et Dictionnaire. Paris: Éditions Robert Laffont, coll. « Bouquins ». ISBN 2-7028-6261-6. Mallory, J.P. and Douglas Q. Adams (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5.

External links[edit]

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/home.html – 51 complete works of authors from Classical Antiquity (Greek and Roman). http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Caesar/Gallic_War/home.html – Julius Caesar text of De Bello Gallico
De Bello Gallico
(Gallic War). http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Caesar/Spanish_War/home.html – Unknown author text (about Julius Caesar in Hispania) of De Bello Hispaniensi (Spanish War). http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Pliny_the_Elder/home.html – Pliny the Elder text of Naturalis Historia
Naturalis Historia
(Natural History) – books 3–6 (Geography and Ethnography). http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Strabo/home.html – Strabo's text of De Geographica (The Geography).

v t e

Celts

Ancient Celts Celtic studies

Peoples

Names Gaels Britons Picts Gauls Iberian Celts Galatians

Places

Gaelic Ireland Dálriata / Alba Iron Age
Iron Age
Britain / Roman Britain
Roman Britain
/ Sub-Roman Britain Dumnonia Iron Age
Iron Age
Gaul
Gaul
/ Roman Gaul
Gaul
/ Brittany Gallaecia Britonia Brigantia (ancient region) Cisalpine Gaul Balkans Transylvania Galatia

Religion

Polytheism Christianity Animism

Mythology

Irish Scottish Welsh British Breton Cornish

Society

Calendar Law Warfare (Gaelic warfare) Coinage

Art

Insular Pictish Brooches Carnyx High cross Interlace Knotwork Mazes Triple spiral Taranis

Modern Celts Celtic Revival

Modern Celtic nations Pan-Celticism
Pan-Celticism
(Celtic Congress Celtic League) Music (Rock) Neopaganism

Reconstructionist Celtic Wicca Neo-Druidism

Languages

Italo-Celtic Proto-Celtic Insular Celtic

Brythonic Goidelic

Continental Celtic

Celtiberian Gaulish Galatian Gallaecian Lepontic Noric

Festivals

Samhain/Calan Gaeaf Imbolc/Gŵyl Fair Beltane/Calan Mai Lughnasadh/Calan Awst

Lists

Celts Tribes Deities English words of Celtic origin Spanish words of Celtic origin Galician words of Celtic origin French words of Gaulish
Gaulish
origin

Celts
Celts
portal Cat

.

Time at 25457369.366667, Busy percent: 30
***************** NOT Too Busy at 25457369.366667 3../logs/periodic-service_log.txt
1440 = task['interval'];
25458495.866667 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
daily-work.php = task['exec'];
25457369.366667 Time.

10080 = task['interval'];
25467135.866667 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
weekly-work.php = task['exec'];
25457369.366667 Time.

30 = task['interval'];
25457380.65 = task['next-exec'];
25457350.65 = task['last-exec'];
PeriodicStats.php = task['exec'];
25457369.366667 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25458495.866667 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
PeriodicBuild.php = task['exec'];
25457369.366667 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25458495.866667 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
build-sitemap-xml.php = task['exec'];
25457369.366667 Time.

60 = task['interval'];
25457415.983333 = task['next-exec'];
25457355.983333 = task['last-exec'];
cleanup.php = task['exec'];
25457369.366667 Time.

60 = task['interval'];
25457416.083333 = task['next-exec'];
25457356.083333 = task['last-exec'];
parse-contens.php = task['exec'];
25457369.366667 Time.