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The Info List - List Of Celtic Tribes


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(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

This is a LIST OF CELTIC TRIBES, listed in order of the Roman province (after Roman conquest) or the general area in which they lived. This geographical distribution of Celtic tribes does not imply that tribes that lived in the same general geographical area were more related. Some tribes' or tribal confederation's names are listed under more than one region because they dwelt in several of them.

CONTENTS

* 1 High Danube-Hercynia

* 1.1 Hercynia * 1.2 Noricum * 1.3 Rhaetia * 1.4 Vindelicia

* 2 Venetia * 3 Liguria
Liguria

* 4 Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia)

* 4.1 Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Cisalpina)

* 4.2 Transalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Transalpina)

* 4.2.1 Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper ( Aquitania
Aquitania
Propria) * 4.2.2 Belgica
Belgica
* 4.2.3 Celtica * 4.2.4 Narbonensis

* 5 Great Britain (Britannia)

* 5.1 Britain Proper ( Britannia
Britannia
Propria) * 5.2 Caledonia
Caledonia

* 6 Ireland
Ireland
(Hibernia)

* 7 Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
(Hispania)

* 7.1 Citerior Iberia ( Hispania Citerior)

* 7.1.1 Tarraconensis

* 7.2 Ulterior Iberia ( Hispania Ulterior)

* 7.2.1 Baetica
Baetica
* 7.2.2 Lusitania
Lusitania

* 8 Middle and Low Danube
Danube

* 8.1 Dacia

* 8.2 Illyricum

* 8.2.1 Pannonia
Pannonia
* 8.2.2 Illyria
Illyria

* 8.3 Moesia * 8.4 Thrace
Thrace
(Thracia)

* 9 Anatolia
Anatolia
(Asia Minor)

* 9.1 Bithynia * 9.2 Galatia * 9.3 Mysia * 9.4 Phrygia * 9.5 Unlocated

* 10 See also * 11 Notes * 12 References * 13 External links

HIGH DANUBE-HERCYNIA

Map showing the Roman district (probably not yet a full province by then) of RAETIA ET VINDELICIA, as it stood in AD 14, with some Raeti tribal names

Southern Central Europe
Central Europe
, roughly upper Danube
Danube
river basin and neighboring regions, is hypothesized as the original area of the Celts (Proto- Celts ), corresponding to the Hallstatt Culture . Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

HERCYNIA

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Anartes
Anartes
/ Anartoi Celts assimilated by Dacians. Areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and modern Northern Hungary
Hungary
, north of the Tysia /Tibiscus (Tisza ) river. They lived in the east part of the Hercynia Silva (Hercynian Forest).

* Boii
Boii
– a tribal confederation, originally from today's Bohemia (Western Czech Republic
Czech Republic
), dwelt in Hercynia Silva , north of the Danuvius ( Danube
Danube
) river, but dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe, to areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
, Germany
Germany
, Austria
Austria
, Hungary
Hungary
, Northern Italy and France
France

* Boii
Boii
tribes of unknown names in the Hercynia Silva - roughly in today's Bohemia
Bohemia

* Cotini / Gotini – areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
, west of the Anartes , and areas of Western Hungary
Hungary
, south of Lacus Pelsodis /Pelso (Lake Balaton ). * Lugii
Lugii
– areas of modern southwestern and southern Poland
Poland
; also may have been a Germanic tribe. * Osi/Osii – areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia

* Volcae
Volcae
- a tribal confederation, originally from today's Moravia (Eastern Czech Republic
Czech Republic
), Central and Upper Danube
Danube
basin ( Slovakia
Slovakia
, Austria
Austria
, South Germany
Germany
), dwelt in Hercynia Silva , north of the Danuvius ( Danube
Danube
) river, but dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe (Southern Gaul
Gaul
) and Asia Minor
Asia Minor
/ Anatolia
Anatolia
(Galatia ).

* Volcae
Volcae
tribes of unknown names in the Hercynia Silva - roughly in today's Moravia
Moravia
.

* GAULS (GALLI ) - They spoke Gaulish (a Continental Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

* Helvetii – original dwellers of Agri Decumates region, in the western part of Hercynia Silva , unknown named tribes of the Helvetii tribal confederation, also dwelt to the South and Southwest in Helvetia (modern day Switzerland
Switzerland
). Decumates may have meant "Ten Cantons". * Latobrigi /Latovici - uncertain location, maybe to the north or northeast of the Helvetii in the upper Danube
Danube
(Danubius ) and upper Rhine
Rhine
river basins, original dwellers of Agri Decumates region, in the western part of Hercynia Silva . * Tulingi (Tylangii ?) – localisation unclear, possibly Southern Germany
Germany
, Switzerland
Switzerland
or Austria
Austria
; also may have been a Germanic tribe.

NORICUM

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Carni Carnic Alps , South Austria
Austria
( Carinthia / Kärnten ), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
( Carniola / Kranjska ) and Northern Friuli
Friuli
/Friûl ( Carnia / Cjargna ). They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
and not from Gaul ( Gallia
Gallia
). (They were not were not Cisalpine Gaulish Celts ). Also may have been a tribe of the Adriatic Veneti .

* Norici / Taurisci - a tribal confederation

* Alauni - in the middle Aenus river basin ( Inn river
Inn river
), east of the Aenus in the Eastern Alps , Chiemsee and Attersee lakes region. * Ambidravi /Ambidrani - in the upper and middle Dravus (Drau/Drava ) river basin in the Eastern Alps and also in the Mur /Mura river basin, today's Carinthia and Styria
Styria
, Austria
Austria
. * Ambilici - in the Dravus (Drau /Drava ) river basin, east of the Ambidravi /Ambidrani (today's Southeast Austria
Austria
and Northeast Slovenia ). * Ambisontes /Ambisontii - in the Alpes Noricae (East Central Alps ), in the upper Salzach river
Salzach river
basin. * Norici /Nori - may have been a tribe of the larger Taurisci tribal federation; in the Eastern Alps and in the Mur /Mura and Schwarza rivers basins and other areas, today's Styria
Styria
and Lower Austria ( Austria
Austria
) south of the Danubius ( Danube
Danube
). * Sevaces - in the low Aenus river basin ( Inn river
Inn river
), east of the Aenus and south of the Danubius ( Danube
Danube
), roughly in today's Upper Austria
Austria
.

RHAETIA

* RHAETIANS – They lived in Central Alps
Alps
, eastern parts of present-day Switzerland
Switzerland
, the Tyrol in Austria
Austria
, and the Alpine regions of northern Italy
Italy
. They spoke the Rhaetian language. There is evidence that the non-Celtic (and Pre-Indo-European ) elements (see Tyrsenian languages
Tyrsenian languages
) had, by the time of Augustus, been assimilated by the influx of Celtic tribes and had adopted Celtic speech. In addition, the abundance of Celtic toponyms and the complete absence of Etruscan place names in the Rhaetian territory, leads to the conclusion that, by the time of Roman conquest, the Rhaetians were completely Celticized.

* Benlauni - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn
Inn
) in today's North Tirol , Austria
Austria
, along with the Breuni (may have been older dwellers than the Breuni ), not the same as the Breuni , Pons Aeni (modern Wasserburg ) was their main centre. * Breuni /Brenni /Breones - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn
Inn
) in today's North Tirol , Austria
Austria
, and Val Bregna and around Brenner Mountain; also may have been an Illyrian tribe and not a Rhaetian one. * Brixenetes /Brixentes /Brixantae - Upper valley of fl. Athesis (r. Adige
Adige
) in today's South Tirol , Italy
Italy
, around Bressanone
Bressanone
/ Brixen
Brixen
. * Calucones /Culicones - Calanda (upper valley of fl. Rhenus - r. Rhine
Rhine
) in today's Grisons Canton, Switzerland
Switzerland
and Valtellina
Valtellina
, Colico . * Camunni / Camuni - Val Camonica
Val Camonica
(river Oglio ) in today's Brescia Province ( Lombardia , Italy
Italy
); also may have been a tribe of the Euganei and not a Rhaetian tribe. * Consuanetae /Cosuanetes /Cotuantii ? - Upper and middle valley of fl. Isarus (r. Isar
Isar
) (Bavarian Alps
Alps
) in today's Upper Bavaria , Germany
Germany
; also may have been a tribe of the Vindelici (a tribal confederacy), named Cotuantii (if they are the same). * Focunates - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn
Inn
) in today's North Tirol , Austria
Austria
, neighbours to Genaunes and Breuni . * Genaunes /Genauni - Upper valleys of the fl. Aenus (r. Inn
Inn
) and the Athesis ( Adige
Adige
) in today's Tirol ( North Tirol and South Tirol ); also may have been an Illyrian tribe and not a Rhaetian one; east of the Lepontii . * Isarci - Valley of fl. Isarcus (r. Isarco ) in today's South Tirol , Italy
Italy
. * Leponti / Lepontii /Leipontii/Lepontes - Val Leventina and Val d\'Ossola in today's Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola , Piemonte
Piemonte
, Italy
Italy
; also may not have been a Rhaetian tribe but instead a Gaulish tribe; west of the Genaunes /Genauni . * Medoaci - close to the Meduacum (Brenta ) source, Ausugum (Borgo Valsugana ) was their main town. * Mesiales - south of the Lepontii . * Naunes - in Val di Non , Trento Province . * Querquani - in Quero
Quero
area (today's Belluno Province, Veneto Region). * Runicates /Rucinates /Rucantii ? - Between rivers Isarus ( Isar
Isar
) and Danuvius ( Danube
Danube
), Low Bavaria
Bavaria
; also may have been a tribe of the Vindelici (a tribal confederation). * Rugusci /Ruigusci /Rucantii ? Upper Engadin (fl. Aenus - r. Inn
Inn
) in today's Grisons canton, Switzerland
Switzerland
. * Suanetes /Suanitae /Sarunetes - Upper Rhenus (Upper Rhine
Rhine
) and Valley of r. Albula in today's Grisons canton, Switzerland
Switzerland
. * Tridentini - in the middle Athesis ( Adige
Adige
) river basin. * Trumpilini /Trumplini - Val Trompia in today's Brescia Province , Italy
Italy
; also may have been a tribe of the Euganei and not a Rhaetian tribe. * Vennonetes /Vennones /Vennonienses - Upper valley of fl. Rhenus (r. Rhine
Rhine
) in today's Saint Gallen
Saint Gallen
Canton, Switzerland
Switzerland
; also may not have been a Rhaetian tribe but instead a tribe of the Vindelici (a tribal confederation). * Venostes - Vinschgau (It. Val Venosta ) (fl. Athesis - r. Adige
Adige
) in today's South Tirol , Italy
Italy
.

VINDELICIA

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Vindelici – a tribal confederation, areas of modern Southern Germany
Germany
( Bavaria
Bavaria
and Baden-Württemberg ), in the upper Danube
Danube
river basin.

* Brigantii – in the Lacus Brigantinus ( Lake Konstanz ) area, Brigantia ( Bregenz
Bregenz
) was the main centre, in the border areas of modern Germany
Germany
, Austria
Austria
and Switzerland
Switzerland
, north of the Vennonetes /Vennones /Vennonienses . * Catenates - South of the Danubius ( Danube
Danube
), in the low Licus (Lech ) river area, Augusta Vindelicorum region (today's Augsburg
Augsburg
), north of the Licates . * Consuanetae /Cosuanetes /Cotuantii ? - Upper and middle valley of fl. Isarus (r. Isar
Isar
) (Bavarian Alps
Alps
) in today's Upper Bavaria , Germany
Germany
. * Estiones - South of the Danubius ( Danube
Danube
), in the Ilargus (Roth ) and Riss rivers area, including today's Ulm
Ulm
area (between modern Bavaria
Bavaria
and Baden-Württemberg ), Cambodunum (today's Kempten ) was one of their towns. * Leuni - in the Isarus ( Isar
Isar
) and Ammer (Amper ) river areas, Munich
Munich
area, Bavaria
Bavaria
. * Licates - in the Licus (Lech ) river valley, south of the Catenates . * Runicates /Rucinates /Rucantii ? - Between rivers Isarus ( Isar
Isar
) and Danuvius ( Danube
Danube
), Low Bavaria
Bavaria
. * Vennonetes /Vennones /Vennonienses - Upper valley of fl. Rhenus (r. Rhine
Rhine
) in today's Saint Gallen
Saint Gallen
Canton, Switzerland
Switzerland
, south of the Brigantii .

VENETIA

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Carni Carnic Alps , South Austria
Austria
( Carinthia / Kärnten ), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
( Carniola / Kranjska ) and Northern Friuli
Friuli
/Friûl ( Carnia / Cjargna ). They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
(from the High Danube
Danube
Basin) and not from Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
). (They were not were not Cisalpine Gaulish Celts ). Also may have been a tribe of the Adriatic Veneti . * Catubrini - In the Alps
Alps
Southeastern slopes, close to Atesis ( Adige river ) and near Tridentum ( Trento
Trento
), to the Southwest of the Carni . They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
and not from Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
). (They were not were not Cisalpine Gaulish Celts ).

LIGURIA

* LIGURES – Northern Mediterranean Coast straddling South-east French and North-west Italian coasts, including Northern Tuscany and Corsica. Because of the strong Celtic influences on their language and culture, they were known already in antiquity as Celto- Ligurians
Ligurians
(in Greek Κελτολίγυες, Keltolígues). Very little is known about this language, Ligurian (mainly place names and personal names remain) which is generally believed to have been Celtic or Para-Celtic; (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic).

* Apuani – Eastern Liguria
Liguria
from the Northern Apennines
Apennines
Mountains to the mediterranean coast. * Bagienni (or Vagienni) – (in the area of Bene Vagienna ) * Briniates (or Boactes) – (in the area of Brugnato ) * Deciates – (in modern Provence
Provence
, west of the river Var ) * Friniates – (in the area now called Frignano ) * Garuli – (in the area of Cenisola) * Genuates – (in the area of Genua - Genova
Genova
) * Hercates – * Ilvates (or Iluates) – (if different from the Iriates ) (on the island of Elba
Elba
) * Ingauni – Western Liguria
Liguria
from the Northern Apennines
Apennines
Mountains and Ligurian Alps
Alps
to the mediterranean coast. * Intemelii - Western Liguria
Liguria
from the Ligurian Alps
Alps
to the mediterranean coast, west of the Ingauni , in the Albium Intemelium area (today's Ventimiglia
Ventimiglia
). * Laevi – a ligurian tribe that dwelt in the low Ticinus river (Ticino ), according to both Livy "> Celtic tribes in orange. Many Roman writers thought the Umbrians to be Celtic as well. Peoples of northern Italy
Italy
during the 4th to 3rd centuries BC (Celtic tribes in blue).

CISALPINE GAUL ( Gallia
Gallia
Cisalpina), also called Gallia
Gallia
Citerior or Gallia
Gallia
Togata, was the part of Italy
Italy
continually inhabited by Celts since the 13th century BC. Conquered by the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
in the 220s BC, it was a Roman province from c. 81 BC until 42 BC, when it was merged into Roman Italy
Italy
. Until that time, it was considered part of Gaul
Gaul
, precisely that part of Gaul
Gaul
on the "hither side of the Alps " (from the perspective of the Romans), as opposed to Transalpine Gaul ("on the far side of the Alps").

* CISALPINE GAULS (Galli Cisalpini ) - Multiple waves of population movements from Central Europe
Central Europe
into Italy. They spoke Cisalpine Gaulish (a Continental Celtic language of the P Celtic type) closely related to Gaulish or Gallic .

* Seven Gaulish tribes that according to Livy settled in Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
around 600 BC. Led by Bellovesus , they defeated the Etruscans at the Ticino River , settled in Insubria and founded the city of Mediolanum
Mediolanum
, the modern Milan
Milan
.

* Aedui
Aedui
* Ambarri * Arverni * Aulerci * Bituriges * Carnutes
Carnutes
* Salyes

* Anani – Western Emilia , Po Valley , ( Fidentia , Province of Piacenza ) * Anamares – Minor tribe whose precise location along the southern bank of the River Padus in Italy
Italy
is uncertain * Anares – Middle Po Valley , Placentia ( Piacenza , Province of Piacenza ) * Cenomani – Eastern Lombardy
Lombardy
(Brixia , Cremona
Cremona
). Related to or a branch of the Cenomani ( Aulerci Cenomani ) that lived in Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia ). * Gaesatae – Numbering c. 30,000, they participated in the battle of Telamon * Graioceli /Garocelli – Northwestern Piedmont
Piedmont
in the Graian Alps
Alps
* Insubres
Insubres
– Western Lombardy
Lombardy
( Milan
Milan
) * Libici /Libui – Between Duria Bautica /Duria Maior (Dora Baltea ) and Sesites /Sessites (Sesia ) rivers. * Lingones – North-eastern Emilia-Romagna ( Ferrara
Ferrara
), Po Valley . Related to or a branch of the Lingones that lived in Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
). * Orobii or Orumbovii – Central Lombardy
Lombardy
( Bergamo
Bergamo
) * Salassi Aosta Valley and Canavese
Canavese
(Northern Piedmont
Piedmont
) (Ivrea ) * Segusini (or Cottii) – Western Piedmont
Piedmont
on Cottian Alps
Alps
(Susa ) * Senones – South-eastern Emilia-Romagna ( Rimini ) and Northern Marche
Marche
( Senigallia
Senigallia
). Related to or a branch of the Senones that lived in Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
). * Taurini Piedmont
Piedmont
( Turin
Turin
) * Vertamocorii – Eastern Piedmont
Piedmont
( Novara
Novara
)

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Boii
Boii
– Central Emilia-Romagna ( Bologna
Bologna
). They were related to or a branch of the Boii
Boii
, an Eastern Celtic people that came from Bohemia
Bohemia
( Hercynian Forest - Hercynia Silva ) and not from Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia ) (They were not Cisalpine Gaulish Celts ).

* LEPONTINE CELTS - They seem to have been an older group of Celts that lived in Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
before the Gaulish Celtic migration. They spoke Lepontic (a Continental Celtic language) a Celtic language that seems to precede Cisalpine Gaulish .

* Lepontii – Northern Lombardy
Lombardy
, North-eastern Piedmont
Piedmont
and Switzerland
Switzerland
in the Lepontine Alps
Alps
. They were not Gaulish Celts

* Camunni – in the Valcamonica
Valcamonica
and Valtellina
Valtellina
valleys of the Central Alps
Alps
. A celticized Rhaetic tribe. Some consider them to be Celtic.

TRANSALPINE GAUL (GALLIA TRANSALPINA)

Map of Gaul
Gaul
(58 BC) with important tribes, towns, rivers, etc. The various Gallic peoples before the Roman conquest

Transalpine Gaul
Gaul
, meaning literally " Gaul
Gaul
on the other side of the Alps" or " Gaul
Gaul
across the Alps", is approximately modern Belgium
Belgium
, France
France
, and Switzerland
Switzerland
, in what would become the Roman provinces of Gallia
Gallia
Narbonensis , Gallia
Gallia
Celtica (later Lugdunensis and Aquitania
Aquitania
) and Gallia
Gallia
Belgica
Belgica
. The Roman province of Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
) included both Celtic-speaking and non-Celtic-speaking tribes. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. List of peoples of Gaul
Gaul
(with their capitals/major settlements):

Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper ( Aquitania
Aquitania
Propria)

* HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF HISPANIA - They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

* CELTIBERIANS (EASTERN HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF EASTERN HISPANIA ) - They spoke Celtiberian (a Continental Celtic language of the Q Celtic type).

* Belendi /Pelendi – Belinum territory ( Belin-Béliet ), in the middle Sigmatis river (in today's Leyre river ) area, south of the Bituriges Vivisci and the Boii
Boii
Boiates ; they may have been related to the Pellendones (a Celtiberian tribe), not an Aquitanian tribe.

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language)

* Boii
Boii
- Were a branch of the Boii
Boii
, an Eastern Celtic people that came from Bohemia
Bohemia
(Hercynia Forest - Hercynia Silva ) and were not Gaulish Celts .

* Boii
Boii
Boiates /Boviates /Boates – La Tête de Buch , probably around Arcachon Bay and northwest of Landes (departement) , in the Pays de Buch and Pays de Born , may have been a Celtic tribe or a mixed Celtic -Aquitanian tribe.

* GAULS (Galli ) - They spoke Gaulish (a Continental Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

* Garites – in and around Gariès in the west banks of Garumna river ( Garonne
Garonne
), northwest of Tolosa ( Toulouse
Toulouse
), southwest of Montauban , northwest of the Volcae
Volcae
Tectosages
Tectosages
, but not an Aquitanian tribe * Garumni – along the banks of the high Garumna river ( Garonne
Garonne
), southwest of the Volcae
Volcae
Tectosages
Tectosages
, and in and around Lugdunum Convenarum , among the Convenae (an Aquitani tribe or group of tribes), but not an Aquitanian tribe * Senates – in Aquitania
Aquitania
, south of the Garumna ( Garonne
Garonne
) river, but not an Aquitanian tribe

Belgica

* BELGAE (according to classical authors, see Caesar's De Bello Gallico , they were a different people and spoke a different language from the Gauls and Britons ; they were clearly an Indo-European people and may have spoken a Celtic language, although there is a remote possibility that their language may have been Pre-Celtic Indo-European . If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic; see Ancient Belgian language ). They dwelt in Belgica
Belgica
, parts of Britannia
Britannia
, and may have dwelt in parts of Hibernia
Hibernia
and also of Hispania ) (large tribal confederation).

* Ambiani Amiens
Amiens
* Ambivareti * Atrebates Arras
Arras
* Bellovaci Beauvais
Beauvais
* Caleti / Caletes Harfleur (Caracotinum), later Lillebonne (Juliobona) * Catalauni Châlons-en-Champagne * Catuslogi * Eburones (mixed Belgae and Germani cisrhenani people) * Leuci Toul (Tullum Leucorum) * Mediomatrici Metz
Metz
* Meldi – Marne
Marne
(Matrona) – Meaux
Meaux
* Menapii – Cassel * Morini Boulogne-sur-Mer
Boulogne-sur-Mer

* Nervii Bavay , Belgae largest tribal confederation.

* Ceutrones (Belgae) * Geidumni * Grudii * Levaci * Nervii Proper * Pleumoxii

* Remi
Remi
Reims
Reims
* Silvanectii – Senlis * Suessiones Soissons ( Suessetani may have been related, result of a migration towards south) * Tencteri
Tencteri
Rhine
Rhine
east bank, may have been a Celtic tribe (and not a Germanic one) or a mixed Belgae and Germani tribe. * Treveri Trier
Trier
* Usipetes
Usipetes
Rhine
Rhine
east bank, may have been a Celtic tribe (and not a Germanic one) or a mixed Belgae and Germani tribe. * Veliocasses /Velicasses /Velocasses – Rouen
Rouen
* Viromandui Noyon
Noyon

Celtica

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Boii
Boii
– Boui near Entrain - They were related to or a branch of the Boii
Boii
, an Eastern Celtic people that came from Bohemia
Bohemia
(Hercynia Forest) and were not Gaulish Celts .

* GAULS (Galli ) - They spoke Gaulish (a Continental Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

* Aremorican tribes (Northwestern Gaulish tribes) - Aremorica / Armorica ( Civitates
Civitates
Armoricae)

* Abrincatui * Ambibarii /Ambivarii * Armoricani /Aremoricii proper * Ambiliates /Ambilatres – Low Liger ( Loire
Loire
) river * Baiocasses
Baiocasses
/Boiocasses – Bayeux
Bayeux
* Coriosolites / Curiosolitae Corseul
Corseul
* Lexovii Lisieux * Namnetes Nantes
Nantes
* Osismii - Western end of Brittany
Brittany
Peninsula * Redones Rennes
Rennes
* Venelli / Unelli Coutances
Coutances
, Contentin Peninsula, in today's Western Normandy
Normandy
region * Veneti – Vannes * Viducasses /Vadicasses /Vadicassii – Vieux

* Central Gaulish tribes

* Aedui
Aedui
/ Haedui - Gaulish Celts largest tribal confederation.

* Aedui
Aedui
/ Haedui proper - Bibracte * Ambarri * Ambivareti * Aulerci Brannovices / Brannovii /Blannovii (a southern branch of the Aulerci but within the Aedui
Aedui
tribal confederation) * Bituriges Cubi – Bourges
Bourges
(an eastern branch of the Bituriges but within the Aedui
Aedui
tribal confederation) * Mandubii – Alesia * Parisii – Paris
Paris
* Segusiavi / Segobriges - Lugdunum ( Lyon
Lyon
), that was to be capital of Gallia
Gallia
Lugdunensis , was in their land * Senones Sens
Sens

* Agenisates /Angesinates – Angoumois * Agnutes – Vendee * Anagnutes * Andecamulenses * Andecavi /Andes – Angers
Angers
* Antobroges

* Arverni Gergovia (tribal confederation)

* Arverni proper * Gabali

* Arvii * Atacini – Aussière * Atesui

* Aulerci (tribal confederation)

* Aulerci Cenomani Le Mans
Le Mans
* Aulerci Diablintes * Aulerci Eburovices * Aulerci Sagii

* Avantices * Bipedimui /Pimpedunni * Bituriges Vivisci – Bordeaux
Bordeaux
( Burdigala ) * Cadurci Cahors * Caeresi * Cambolectres * Carnutes
Carnutes
Autricum ( Chartres
Chartres
), Cenabum / Genabum ( Orleans
Orleans
) * Corisopiti * Eleuterii * Elycoces * Epomandui

* Helvetii La Tène , (tribal confederation).

* Tigurini Yverdon
Yverdon
* Tougeni * Verbigeni * Unknown named tribe ( Helvetii Proper?)

* Insubres
Insubres
* Lemovices Limoges
Limoges
* Lingones * Medulli Meduci – Médoc * Nantuates /Nantuatae * Nitiobroges /Nitiobriges * Petrocorii Périgueux * Pictones / Pictavi Poitiers
Poitiers
* Raurici / Rauraci Kaiseraugst ( Augusta Raurica ) * Reieni * Ruteni Rodez
Rodez
* Santones
Santones
– Saintes * Seduni – High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Sion (Middle Valais , Switzerland
Switzerland
) * Sequani Besançon * Tornates /Turnates * Tricasses /Tricassini * Triviatii * Trones * Turones
Turones
/Turoni – Tours
Tours
* Uberi /Viberi – High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Upper Valais * Vellavi /Velaunii – Ruessium * Veragri - High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Lower Valais * Veroduni

Narbonensis

* EASTERN CELTS - spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language)

* Volcae
Volcae
- Were a branch of the Volcae
Volcae
, an Eastern Celtic people that came from Moravia
Moravia
and were not Gaulish Celts .

* Volcae
Volcae
Arecomici - in today's Languedoc
Languedoc
* Volcae
Volcae
Tectosages
Tectosages
/ Tolosates Toulouse
Toulouse

* GAULS (Galli ) - They spoke Gaulish (a Continental Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

* Southern Gaulish tribes

* Adenates – slopes of the Western Alps
Alps
(Maurienne-Modanne) * Adunicates – Andon area

* Albici – Middle and Lower Durance river valley (tribal confederation)

* Albienses /Albici Proper * Vordenses * Vulgientes

* Allobroges /Allobriges – Vienne * Avatici Camargue * Bebryces (Gauls) – in southern Gaul, south of the Volcae Arecomici , close to Narbo ( Narbonne ) region. * Bodiontici * Bramovices – Low Tarentaise , Savoy
Savoy
* Briganii – Briançon
Briançon
, High Durance river valley * Caturiges Chorges , High Durance river valley

* Cavares / Cavari – North of Low Durance , Arausio (Orange ), (tribal confederation)

* Cavares Proper * Meminii

* Ceutrones / Centrones Moûtiers * Chalbici – Chablais
Chablais
* Edenates * Esubii / Esuvii /Sesuvii – Ubaye Valley * Gaesatae /Gaesati * Graioceli /Garocelli * Helvii /Elvi * Iconii – Gap * Medulli Vienne * Nemalones * Nemeturii – High Var river valley * Quariates * Salyes / Salluvii (may have been a Celtic tribe or a mixed Celtic -Ligurian tribe) * Segovellauni * Segusini * Sentienes – Senez * Tricorii * Veamini * Vergunni – Vinon-sur-Verdon * Vertamocori – Vercors * Vesubiani – Vésubie * Vocontii Vaison-la-Romaine (in modern Provence
Provence
, on the east bank of the Rhône
Rhône
)

* LIGURES - A Celtic related people, closer to the Celts, they spoke ancient Ligurian .

* Deciates - a tribe that dwelt in the region of Antipolis (Antibes ) west of the river Varus (Var ). * Elisyces /Helisyces - a tribe that dwelt in the region of Narbo ( Narbonne ) and modern northern Roussillon
Roussillon
. May have been either Iberian or Ligurian or a Ligurian-Iberian tribe. * Euburiates * Oxybii - a Ligurian tribe that dwelt on the Mediterranean coast near Massalia ( Marseille
Marseille
). * Salyes / Salluvii (may have been a Celtic tribe or a mixed Celtic -Ligurian tribe) * Vediantii

* v * t * e

Iron Age
Iron Age
tribes in Gaul
Gaul

BELGICA

* Ambiani * Aresaces * Atrebates * Atuatuci * Bellovaci * Caeroesi * Catalauni * Condrusi * Eburones * Leuci * Mediomatrici * Menapii * Morini * Nervii * Paemani * Remi
Remi
* Segni * Silvanectes * Suessiones * Toxandri * Treveri * Vellocasses * Viromandui

CELTICA

* Abrincatui * Aedui
Aedui
* Ambarri * Andes (Andecavi) * Arverni * Baiocasses
Baiocasses
* Bituriges Cubi * Cadurci * Caletes * Carnutes
Carnutes
* Caturiges * Cenomani * Curiosolitae * Diablintes * Eburovices * Esuvii * Gabali * Helvetii * Lemovici * Lexovii * Lingones * Meldi * Namnetes * Nitiobriges * Osismii * Parisii * Petrocorii * Pictones * Redones * Ruteni * Santones
Santones
* Senones * Segusiavi * Sequani * Tricasses * Turones
Turones
* Unelli * Vellavi * Veneti * Viducasses

AQUITANIA

* Ausci * Boii
Boii
* Convenae * Elusates * Lactorates * Sotiates * Tarbelli * Vasates * Vivisci

NARBONENSIS

* Allobroges * Arecomici * Avatici * Cavares * Caturiges * Ceutrones * Deciates * Helvii * Nantuates * Salluvii * Volcae
Volcae
(Arecomici and Tectosages) * Tricastini * Vocontii

Part of: Celtic tribes in Europe

GREAT BRITAIN (BRITANNIA)

Northern Britain about the year 150 CE Southern Britain about the year 150 CE Wales
Wales
about the year 40 CE See also: Iron Age tribes in Britain

Britannia
Britannia
was the name Romans
Romans
gave, based on the name of the people: the Britanni . Some closely fit the concept of a tribe but others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

BRITAIN PROPER (BRITANNIA PROPRIA)

* BELGAE ( Wiltshire
Wiltshire
and Hampshire
Hampshire
) (according to classical authors, see Caesar's De Bello Gallico , they were a different people and spoke a different language (Ancient Belgic ) from the Gauls and Britons ; they were clearly an Indo-European people and may have spoken a Celtic language, although there is a remote possibility that their language may have been Pre-Celtic Indo-European ; they dwelt in Belgica
Belgica
, parts of Britannia
Britannia
, and may have dwelt in parts of Hibernia and also of Hispania )

* Atrebates – an important Belgic tribe of today's Southern England, in Berkshire
Berkshire
. Related to or a branch of the Atrebates that lived in Gallia
Gallia
Belgica
Belgica
. * Belgae (tribe) – Belgic tribe, in today's England
England
's south coast, Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
, Hampshire
Hampshire
, Wiltshire
Wiltshire
* Catuvellauni ( Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
) – Belgic tribe, neighbours of the Iceni
Iceni
, they joined in their rebellion * Regnenses /Regni – Belgic tribe, in today's East Hampshire
Hampshire
, Sussex
Sussex
and Surrey
Surrey

* BRITONS (Britanni ) - They spoke Britonic (an Insular Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

* Ancalites (uncertain: speculatively Hampshire
Hampshire
and Wiltshire
Wiltshire
) * Attacotti (origin uncertain) * Bibroci (mentioned by Caesar, location uncertain but possibly Berkshire
Berkshire
) * Boresti (sometimes Horesti) (In or near Fife
Fife
, Scotland
Scotland
according to Tacitus) * Brigantes (an important tribe in most of Northern England
England
and in the south-east corner of Ireland
Ireland
) * Cantiaci (in present-day Kent
Kent
which preserves the ancient tribal name) * Carvetii ( Cumberland
Cumberland
) * Cassi (mentioned by Caesar, possibly south-east England) * Cateni (north and west of Sutherland
Sutherland
) – they gave the county its Gaelic name Cataibh * Cenimagni (mentioned by Caesar, perhaps the same as the Iceni
Iceni
) * Corieltauvi / Coritani ( East Midlands
East Midlands
including Leicester
Leicester
) * Corionototae (possibly a tribe) ( Northumberland
Northumberland
) * Cornovii (Midlands) * Damnonii
Damnonii
(Southwestern Scotland) * Deceangli ( Flintshire , Wales
Wales
) * Demetae ( Dyfed , Wales
Wales
) * Dobunni ( Cotswolds
Cotswolds
and Severn
Severn
valley)

* Dumnonii ( Devon
Devon
, Cornwall
Cornwall
, Somerset
Somerset
)

* Cornovii (Cornwall) (a sub-tribe, or sept , of the Dumnonii)

* Durotriges
Durotriges
( Dorset
Dorset
, south Somerset
Somerset
, south Wiltshire
Wiltshire
) * Gabrantovices * Gangani ( Llŷn Peninsula , Wales
Wales
) * Iceni
Iceni
( East Anglia
East Anglia
) – under Boudica , they rebelled against Roman rule) * Novantae ( Galloway
Galloway
and Carrick ) * Ordovices ( Gwynedd
Gwynedd
, Wales
Wales
) – they waged guerrilla warfare from the north Wales
Wales
hills * Parisii ( East Riding of Yorkshire ) * Scotti (western portion of Scotland) * Segontiaci (probably south-east England) * Selgovae ( Dumfriesshire and the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright ) * Setantii (possibly a tribe) ( Lancashire
Lancashire
) * Silures (south Wales
Wales
) – resisted the Romans
Romans
in present-day south Wales * Trinovantes / Trinobantes ( Essex
Essex
) – neighbours of the Iceni
Iceni
, they joined in their rebellion * Votadini
Votadini
/ Otadini (north-east England
England
and south-east Scotland) – they later formed Gododdin

CALEDONIA

* PICTS (Picti ) - They were possibly a different people from the Britons , but were probably also Celtic; If their language, Pictish language, was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). They lived in Caledonia
Caledonia
(today's Northern Scotland ). Caledonian Forest ( Caledonia
Caledonia
Silva ) was in their land. A tribal confederation.

* Caledones / Caledonii (along the Great Glen ) * Carnonacae (western Highlands ) * Caereni (far western Highlands ) * Cornovii / Cornavii (far northern mainland Scotland
Scotland
) (northernmost known Celtic tribe) * Creones ( Argyll
Argyll
) * Decantae
Decantae
or Ducantae (eastern Ross
Ross
and Black Isle ) * Epidii ( Kintyre
Kintyre
and neighboring islands) * Lugi (southern Sutherland
Sutherland
) * Smertae (central Sutherland
Sutherland
) * Taexali (Angus and Grampian ) * Vacomagi (in and around the Cairngorms
Cairngorms
) * Venicones ( Fife
Fife
and south-west Tayside in Scotland) * Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Orkney Islands (may have been Picts) * Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Shetland Islands
Shetland Islands
(may have been Picts) * Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
(may have been Picts)

* v * t * e

Iron Age tribes in Britain

* Atrebates * Belgae * Brigantes * Caereni * Caledonii * Cantiaci * Carnonacae * Carvetii * Catuvellauni * Coritani * Corionototae * Cornovii (Central) * Cornovii (Northern) * Creones * Damnonii
Damnonii
* Decantae
Decantae
* Deceangli * Demetae * Dobunni * Dumnonii * Durotriges
Durotriges
* Epidii * Gabrantovices * Iceni
Iceni
* Lopocares * Lugi * Novantae * Ordovices * Parisi * Regnenses * Selgovae * Setantii * Silures * Smertae * Suessiones * Taexali * Textoverdi * Trinovantes * Vacomagi * Venicones * Votadini
Votadini

Part of: Celtic tribes in Europe

IRELAND (HIBERNIA)

The population groups (tribes and tribal confederations) of Ireland
Ireland
(Iouerníā/Hibernia) mentioned in Ptolemy
Ptolemy
's Geographia in a modern interpretation. See also: List of Irish kingdoms and Túath

According to Ptolemy
Ptolemy
's Geography (2nd century AD):

* BRITONS (Britanni ) - They spoke Britonic (an Insular Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

* Brigantes (Hibernia) - Areas of Ireland
Ireland
's southeastern coast. Related to or a branch of the Brigantes that lived in Britannia
Britannia
. * Gangani (or Concani) (Ganganoi) - Low Shannon river (Abha na Sionainne ) basin, Southwest Ireland
Ireland
. Related to or a branch of the Gangani that lived in Britannia
Britannia
.

* GAELS (Hiberni ) - They spoke Goidelic (an Insular Celtic language of the Q Celtic type).

* Autini (or Auteini/Uaithni) (Auteinoi) * Cauci (or Kauki) (Kaukoi) * Coriondi (or Koriondoi) * Darini (Darinoi) * Eblani (or Ebdani/Blani) (Eblanioi) * Erdini (or Erpeditani) (Erdinoi) * Iverni (or Iwerni) (Iwernoi) * Manapii (Manapioi) * Nagnatae (or Nagnatai/Magnatae) (Magnatai) * Robogdii (or Redodi) (Rhobogdioi) * Usdiae (or Udiae/Udiai/Vodiae/Wodiai) (Usdiai) * Uterni * Velabri (or Vellabori/Wellabori) (Wellaboroi) (westernmost known Celtic tribe) * Vennicnii (or Wennikni) (Wenniknioi) * Volunti (or Wolunti) (Woluntioi) – identifiable with the Ulaidh /Uluti

* v * t * e

Ptolemy's Ireland
Ireland

PEOPLES

* Auteini * Brigantes * Cauci * Coriondi * Darini * Eblani * Erdini * Gangani * Iverni * Manapii * Nagnatae * Robogdii * Uellabori * Uennicnii * Uodiae * Uoluntii

TOWNS

* Dunon * Eblana * Iuernis * Labiros * Makolikon * Manapia * Nagnata * Raiba * Regia * Regia Etera

RIVERS

* Argita * Auoba * Birgos * Buuinda * Dabrona * Dur * Iernos * Libnios * Logia * Modonnos * Oboka * Rauios * Senos * Uidua * Uinderios

PROMONTORIES

* Isamnion * Northern * Robogdion * Sacron * Southern * Uennicnion

ISLANDS

* Adros * Ebuda * Epidion * Erimnos * Limnos * Malaios * Mona * Monaoida * Rikina

IBERIAN PENINSULA (HISPANIA)

Main language areas, peoples and tribes in Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
c. 300 BC. Territory of the Celtiberi , mixed Celtic and Iberian tribes or Celtic tribes influenced by Iberians, with the possible location of the tribes. See also: Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula

The Celts in the Iberian peninsula
Iberian peninsula
were traditionally thought of as living on the edge of the Celtic world of the La Tène culture that defined classical Iron Age
Iron Age
Celts. Earlier migrations were Hallstatt in culture and later came La Tène influenced peoples. Celtic or (Indo-European ) Pre-Celtic cultures and populations existed in great numbers and Iberia experienced one of the highest levels of Celtic settlement in all of Europe. They dwelt in northern, central and western regions of Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, but also in several southern regions. The Roman province of Hispania included both Celtic speaking and non-Celtic speaking tribes. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

CITERIOR IBERIA (HISPANIA CITERIOR)

Hispania Citerior ("Nearer Hispania", " Hispania that is Closer", from the perspective of the Romans), was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
, roughly occupying the northeastern coast and the Iberus ( Ebro
Ebro
) Valley and later the eastern, central, northern and northwestern areas of the Iberian peninsula
Iberian peninsula
in what would become the Tarraconensis Roman province (of what is now Spain
Spain
and northern Portugal
Portugal
).

Tarraconensis

* HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF HISPANIA - They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

* CELTIBERIANS (Eastern Hispano- Celts / Celts of Eastern Hispania ) – Eastern Iberian meseta (Spain), mountains of the headwaters of the rivers Douro
Douro
, Tagus , Guadiana (Anas), Júcar , Jalón (river) , Jiloca (river) and Turia (river) , (tribal confederation). Mixed Celtic and Iberian tribes or Celtic tribes influenced by Iberians. Not synonymous of all the Celts that lived in the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
but to a narrower group, the majority of Celtic tribes in the Iberian Peninsula were not Celtiberians. They spoke Celtiberian (a Continental Celtic language of the Q Celtic type).

* Arevaci * Belli
Belli
* Cratistii
Cratistii
* Lobetani * Lusones – Western Zaragoza (province)
Zaragoza (province)
, Eastern Guadalajara (Spain). * Olcades * Pellendones /Cerindones , in high Duero
Duero
river course ( Numantia ) and neighboring mountains, may also have been related to the Pelendi /Belendi that dwelt in the middle Sigmatis river, today's Leyre (river) . * Titii (Celtiberian) * Turboletae /Turboleti * Uraci /Duraci * Oretani ? – northeastern Andalusia
Andalusia
, northwest Múrcia and southern fringes of La Mancha
La Mancha
, (Spain), mountains of the headwaters of the Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
(ancient Baetis river); Some consider them not Celtic .

* WESTERN HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF WESTERN HISPANIA - They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic language of the Q Celtic type).

* Allotriges / Autrigones – East Burgos
Burgos
(Spain), Northwestern La Rioja (Spain) to the Atlantic Coast

* Astures
Astures
Asturias
Asturias
and northern León (Spain), and east of Trás os Montes ( Portugal
Portugal
), (tribal confederation).

* Cismontani

* Amaci * Cabruagenigi * Gigurri * Lancienses * Lougei * Orniaci * Superatii * Susarri / Astures
Astures
Proper * Tiburi * Zoelae – Eastern Trás-os-Montes (Portugal), (Miranda do Douro ).

* Transmontani

* Baedunienses * Brigaentini * Cabarci * Iburri * Luggones /Lungones * Paenii * Paesici * Saelini * Vinciani * Viromenici

* Bebryaces /Berybraces – unknown location, may have been related to the Bebryces (gauls) or the Berones , there is also the possibility that it was an old name of the Celtiberians . * Berones – La Rioja (Spain).

* Cantabri Cantabria
Cantabria
, part of Asturias
Asturias
and part of Castile-Leon (Spain); some consider them not Celtic, may have been Pre-Celtic Indo-European as could have been the Lusitani and Vettones . If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). A Tribal confederation.

* Avarigines * Blendii /Plentusii /Plentuisii * Camarici /Tamarici * Concani * Coniaci /Conisci * Moroecani * Noegi * Orgenomesci * Salaeni /Selaeni * Vadinienses * Vellici /Velliques

* Caristii /Carietes – today's West Basque Country , they may have been Celtic (see Late Basquisation ), they were later assimilated by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 6th and 7th centuries CE ; Some consider them not Celtic, may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-Europeanpeople as the Lusitani and Vettones could have been. . If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic).

* Carpetani – Central Iberian meseta (Spain), in the geographical centre of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, in a large part of today's Castilla- La Mancha
La Mancha
and Madrid regions. A tribal confederation with 27 identified tribes.

* Aelariques - * Aeturiques - * Arquioci - in Iplacea , roman named Complutum (today's Alcalá de Henares ) region. * Acualiques - * Bocouriques - * Canbarici - in Toletum (Toledo ) region. * Contucianci - in Segobriga region. * Dagencii - * Doviliques - * Duitiques - * Duniques - * Elguismiques - * Langioci - * Longeidoci - * Maganiques - * Malugeniques - * Manuciques - * Maureici - * Mesici - * Metturici - * Moenicci - * Obisodiques - in Toletum (Toledo ) region * Pilonicori - * Solici - * Tirtaliques - in Segobriga region. * Uloques - * Venatioques -

* Gallaecians or Callaici Gallaecia ( Spain
Spain
were a different people from the Oretani . * Plentauri – Northwestern La Rioja (Spain). * Turmodigi or Turmogi - Central Burgos
Burgos
.

* Vaccaei – North Central Iberian meseta (Spain), middle Duero river basin. A tribal confederation. Ptolemy
Ptolemy
mentions 20 vaccaean Civitates
Civitates
(that also had the meaning of tribes)

* Cauci (Vaccaei) – in Cauca ( Coca, Segovia )

* Varduli – today's East Basque Country , they may have been Celtic (see Late Basquisation ), they were later assimilated by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 6th and 7th centuries CE ; Some consider them not Celtic, may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-European people as the Lusitani and Vettones could have been. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). .

* BELGAE ? - They spoke Ancient Belgian language.

* Suessetani - Far North Western Aragon
Aragon
and Far South Eastern Navarra
Navarra
(Spain), between the Gallicus (Gállego ) and Low Aragon rivers and between the Ebro
Ebro
river and Sierra de Santo Domingo Mountains. Alba (Arba) river basin (a tributary of the Ebro
Ebro
) was in the centre of their territory that also included the Bardenas Reales
Bardenas Reales
. Corbio was their capital. They were North of the Celtiberians , South of the Iacetani and the Vascones
Vascones
, West of the Galli (tribe). They were later conquered by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 2nd Century B.C. that were allies of the Romans
Romans
. Could have been related to the Suessiones (a tribe of the Belgae ).

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language)

* Volcae
Volcae

* Volciani – may have been a tribe related to the Volcae
Volcae
and not to the Hispano-Celts/Iberian Celts (i.e. the Celts of the Iberian Peninsula ). Located north of the Iberus ( Ebro
Ebro
) river but not very precisely.

* GAULS (Galli ) – Some gaulish tribes may have migrated towards south and crossed the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
(by the north, the central or the south areas of the mountains) in a second or a third Celtic wave to the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
. These tribes were different from the Hispano-Celtic/Iberian Celtic tribes. They spoke Gaulish (a Continental Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

* Galli (tribe) – along Gallicus (Gállego ) river banks, see place names (toponyms) like Forum Gallorum, Gallur , a different tribe from the Suessetani ; may have been a tribe related to the Galli ( Gauls ) and not to the Hispano-Celts/Iberian Celts.

ULTERIOR IBERIA (HISPANIA ULTERIOR)

Hispania Ulterior ("Further Hispania", " Hispania that is Beyond", from the perspective of the Romans) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
, roughly located in what would become the provinces of Baetica
Baetica
(that included the Baetis , Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
, valley of modern Spain
Spain
) and extending to all of Lusitania
Lusitania
(modern south and central Portugal
Portugal
, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province ).

Baetica

* HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF HISPANIA - They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

* WESTERN HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF WESTERN HISPANIA - They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic language of the Q Celtic type).

* Celtici
Celtici
of Arunda ( Ronda
Ronda
) – in south Turdetania, later Baetica Roman province, (in today's western Málaga Province ), Andalucia region (southernmost known Celtic tribe).

* Turduli Guadiana valley (Portugal) and Extremadura (Spain); may have been related to Lusitanians , Callaeci or Turdetani .

* Turduli Baetici/ Turduli Baetures - Baeturia/Baeturia Turdulorum (ancient northern region of Baetica
Baetica
Province), south and east of the Anas ( Guadiana ) river and northern slope of Marianus Mons (Sierra Morena ), Southern Extremadura region, Badajoz Province , Portugal Southeastern corner, East Beja District , Alentejo region.

* TURDETANIANS – Today's Western Andalucia ( Hispania Baetica
Baetica
), Baetis ( Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
) River valley and basin, Marianus Mons (Sierra Morena ), some consider them Celtic., may have been Pre-Celtic Indo-European people as the Lusitani and Vettones . If their language, called Turdetanian or Tartessian , was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). Also may have been a non-Indo-European people related to the Iberians , but not the same people. A tribal confederation but with a much more centralized power, may have formed an early form of Kingdom or a Proto-civilisation (see Tartessos
Tartessos
)

* Cilbiceni – approximately in today's Cádiz Province * Elbisini /Eloesti /Olbisini – in today's Huelva Province * Etmanei – in the middle area of Baetis river ( Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
) course and surrounding region, approximately in today's Córdoba Province * Gletes /Galetes /Ileates – in Marianus Mons ( Sierra Morena ), approximately in today's northern areas of the provinces of Huelva , Seville and Córdoba * Turdetani /Tartessii Proper – in the low course of Baetis river ( Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
) and surrounding region, approximately in today's Seville Province

Lusitania

* HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF HISPANIA - They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

* WESTERN HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF WESTERN HISPANIA - They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic language of the Q Celtic type).

* Celtici
Celtici
Portugal
Portugal
south of the Tagus River and north of Guadiana River (Anas), Alentejo and Algarve
Algarve
(Portugal), western Extremadura (Spain), (tribal confederation).

* Cempsi * Conii – according to some scholars, Conii and Cynetes were two different peoples or tribes and the names were not two different names of the same people or tribe; in this case, the Conii may have dwelt along the northern banks of the middle Anas ( Guadiana ) river, in today's western Extremadura region of Spain, and were a Celtici
Celtici
tribe wrongly confused with the Cynetes of Cyneticum ( Algarve
Algarve
) that dwelt from the west banks of the Low Anas ( Guadiana ) river further to the south (the celticization of the Cynetes by the Celtici
Celtici
confused the distinction between the two peoples or tribes). * Mirobrigenses * Sefes /Saefes

* Cynetes – Cyneticum (today's Algarve
Algarve
region) and Low Alentejo ( Portugal
Portugal
); originally probably Tartessians or similar, later celtized by the Celtici
Celtici
; according to some scholars, Cynetes and Conii were two different peoples or tribes .

* Turduli Guadiana valley (Portugal) and Extremadura (Spain); may have been related to Lusitanians , Callaeci or Turdetani .

* Turduli Bardili – Setubal Peninsula (Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians , Callaeci or Turdetani . * Turduli Oppidani – Estremadura (Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians , Callaeci or Turdetani . * Turduli Veteres – Southern Douro
Douro
banks, between Douro
Douro
and Vouga River , Aveiro District , (Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians , Callaeci or Turdetani .

* LUSITANIANS -VETTONES

* Lusitanians ( Lusitani /Bellitani ) – Portugal
Portugal
south of the Douro River and north of Tagus River , and northwestern Extremadura (Spain). They spoke Lusitanian that is a clearly Indo-European language but the filiation as a Celtic language is not surely proven (although many tribal names and place names, toponyms, are Celtic). Attempts to classify the language have also pointed at an Italic origin. Hence Lusitanian language
Lusitanian language
may have been a Para-Celtic Indo-European branch like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). The Lusitanians have also been identified as being a pre-Celtic Indo-European speaking culture of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
closely related to the neighbouring Vettones tribal confederation. However, under their controversial theory of Celtic originating in Iberia, John T Koch and Barry Cunliffe have proposed a para-Celtic identity for the Lusitanian language
Lusitanian language
and culture or that they spoke an archaic Proto-Celtic language and were Proto-Celtic in ethnicity.

* Arabrigenses * Aravi * Coelarni /Colarni * Interamnienses

* Lancienses

* Lancienses Oppidani * Lancienses Transcudani * Ocelenses Lancienses

* Meidubrigenses * Paesuri Douro
Douro
and Vouga (Portugal). * Palanti

* Tangi

* Elbocori * Igaeditani * Tapori / Tapoli – River Tagus , around the border area of Portugal
Portugal
and Spain.

* Talures * Veaminicori

* Other Lusitanian tribes? (According to some scholars, these tribes were Lusitanians and not Vettones )

* Calontienses * Caluri * Coerenses

* Vettones – Ávila and Salamanca (Spain), may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-European people, closely related to the Lusitani . If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). A tribal confederation.

* Bletonesii – Bletisama (today's Ledesma ) was their main centre, Salamanca Province , Spain
Spain
.

* Other Vettonian tribes? (According to some scholars, these tribes were Lusitanians and not Vettones )

* Calontienses * Caluri * Coerenses

MIDDLE AND LOW DANUBE

DACIA

See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia

Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Anartes
Anartes
/Anartii / Anartoi - Celts assimilated by Dacians Areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and modern Northern Hungary
Hungary
, north of the Tysia /Tibiscus (Tisza ) river, north of the Teuriscii . * Bastarnae , Celtic or Germanic , and according to Livy "the bravest nation on earth" * Boii
Boii
* Eravisci * Teuriscii - A branch of the Celtic Taurisci (originally from Noricum ) in the Tysia /Tibiscus (Tisza ) river basin south of the Anartes
Anartes
/Anartii / Anartoi . Celts assimilated by Dacians

ILLYRICUM

Ancient tribes in the middle Danube
Danube
river basin around 1st C. BCE Central and northern Illyrian tribes
Illyrian tribes
and neighbouring Celtic tribes to the North and Northwest during the Roman period.

Pannonia

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Arabiates - areas of modern Western Hungary
Hungary
and eastern Austria
Austria
, west of Danubius ( Danube
Danube
) river. * Belgites - areas of modern Western Hungary
Hungary
, west of Danubius ( Danube
Danube
) river.

* Boii
Boii
– a tribal confederation, originally from today's Bohemia (Western Czech Republic
Czech Republic
), dwelt in Hercynia Silva , north of the Danuvius ( Danube
Danube
) river, but dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe, to areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
, Germany
Germany
, Austria
Austria
, Hungary
Hungary
, Northern Italy and France
France

* Pannonian Boii
Boii
- in Pannonia
Pannonia
, today's Western Hungary
Hungary
.

* Carni Carnic Alps , South Austria
Austria
( Carinthia / Kärnten ), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
( Carniola / Kranjska ) and Northern Friuli
Friuli
/Friûl ( Carnia ). They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
and not from Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
). (They were not were not Cisalpine Gaulish Celts ). Also may have been a tribe of the Adriatic Veneti . * Cornacates - areas of modern Western Hungary
Hungary
, west of Danubius ( Danube
Danube
) river. * Cotini – areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and Western Hungary
Hungary
, west of Danubius ( Danube
Danube
) river. * Eravisci /Aravisci – areas of modern Western Hungary
Hungary
, west of Danubius ( Danube
Danube
) river, Aquincum (modern Budapest
Budapest
) was in their territory. * Hercuniates /Hercuniatae - areas of modern Western Hungary
Hungary
, west of Danubius ( Danube
Danube
) river. * Latobici /Latovici - not the same tribe as the Latobrigi but could be related, areas of modern Western Hungary
Hungary
, west of Danubius (Danube ) river. * Scordisci – areas of modern Serbia
Serbia
, Croatia
Croatia
, Austria
Austria
, Romania , west of Danubius ( Danube
Danube
) river. * Serrapilli - areas of modern Western Hungary
Hungary
, west of Danubius ( Danube
Danube
) river. * Serretes - areas of modern Western Hungary
Hungary
, west of Danubius ( Danube
Danube
) river. * Varciani – areas of modern Slovenia
Slovenia
, Croatia
Croatia
.

Illyria

See also: List of ancient tribes in Illyria and Celticization

Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Tribes in Illyricum and environs during AD 6 showing the extent of Celtic influence Tribes in Thrace before the Roman period.

This list includes tribes parts of which migrated to Illyria
Illyria
.

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Arabiates * Belgites * Boii
Boii
* Breuci * Carni Carnic Alps , South Austria
Austria
( Carinthia / Kärnten ), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
( Carniola / Kranjska ) and Northern Friuli
Friuli
/Friûl ( Carnia / Cjargna ). They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
and not from Gaul ( Gallia
Gallia
). (They were not were not Cisalpine Gaulish Celts ). Also may have been a tribe of the Adriatic Veneti . * Celegeri * Celengeri * Cornacates * Hercuniates

* Iapodes / Japodes

* Posenoi , a community of the Iapodes

* Latobici ,

* Scordisci

* Dindari or Dindarii (Greek Δινδάριοι), a tribe that was a branch of the Scordisci.

* Serrapilli * Serretes * Tricornenses * Varciani

MOESIA

See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia

Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Scordisci * Serdi

THRACE (THRACIA)

See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia

Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Gauls of Tylis ( Gauls - Galli, as a generic word for Celts not necessarily a Gaulish Celtic tribe)

ANATOLIA (ASIA MINOR)

In the 3rd century BC, Gauls (a generic word for Celts ) immigrated from Thrace
Thrace
into the highlands of central Anatolia
Anatolia
(modern Turkey
Turkey
), that was called Galatia after that. These people, called Galatians , were eventually Hellenized , but retained many of their own traditions. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

BITHYNIA

* EASTERN CELTS

* GALATIANS - They spoke Galatian (a Continental Celtic language).

* Territory of Gaezatorix , between Bithynia and Galatia at modern Bolu (unknown tribe)

GALATIA

* EASTERN CELTS

* GALATIANS - They spoke Galatian (a Continental Celtic laguage).

* Tectosages
Tectosages
, in Galatia * Tolistobogii , in Galatia * Trocmii , in Galatia (easternmost known Celtic tribe)

MYSIA

* EASTERN CELTS

* GALATIANS - They spoke Galatian (a Continental Celtic laguage).

* Aigosages , between Troy
Troy
and Cyzicus * Daguteni , in modern Marmara region around Orhaneli

PHRYGIA

* EASTERN CELTS

* GALATIANS - They spoke Galatian (a Continental Celtic laguage).

* Trocnades , in Phrygia around modern Sivrihisar * Inovanteni , east of the Trocnades * Okondiani , between Phrygia and Galatia northeast of modern Akşehir Gölü

UNLOCATED

* EASTERN CELTS

* GALATIANS - They spoke Galatian (a Continental Celtic laguage).

* Rigosages , unlocated

SEE ALSO

* The summary table on Celtic tribes (in French) * Celticization * Late Basquisation * Illyrians * Thracians
Thracians
* Britannia
Britannia
* Caledonia
Caledonia
* Hibernia
Hibernia
* Scotia
Scotia
* Hispania

* Iberia

* Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula

NOTES

* ^ A B C Ioana A. Oltean, Dacia: Landscape, Colonization and Romanization, ISBN 0-415-41252-8 , 2007, p. 47. * ^ A B C Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 224–225. ISBN 1-85109-440-7 , ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0 . * ^ The Osi's categorization as Celtic is disputed; see Osi ; also may have been a Dacian or Germanic tribe. * ^ Alfoldi (1974) 24-5 * ^ Cowles Prichard, James (1841). Researches Into the Physical History of Mankind: 3, Volume 1. Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper. p. 240. * ^ Baldi, Philip (2002). The Foundations of Latin. Walter de Gruyter. p. 112. * ^ Kruta, Venceslas (1991). The Celts. Thames and Hudson. p. 54. * ^ Kruta, Venceslas (1991). The Celts. Thames and Hudson. p. 55. * ^ (Liv. v. 35; Plin. iii. 17. s. 21.) * ^ Percivaldi, Elena (2003). I Celti: una civiltà europea. Giunti Editore. p. 82. * ^ Leonelli, Valentina. La necropoli delle Acciaierie di Terni: contributi per una edizione critica (Cestres ed.). p. 33. * ^ Farinacci, Manlio. Carsulae svelata e Terni sotterranea. Associazione Culturale UMRU - Terni. * ^ von Hefner, Joseph (1837). Geographie des Transalpinischen Galliens. Munich. * ^ Venceslas Kruta: La grande storia dei celti. La nascita, l'affermazione e la decadenza, Newton & Compton, 2003, ISBN 88-8289-851-2 , ISBN 978-88-8289-851-9 * ^ Long, George (1866). Decline of the Roman republic: Volume 2. London. * ^ Snith, William George (1854). Dictionary of Greek and Roman geography: Vol.1. Boston. * ^ Titus, Livius. Ab Urbe Condita . p. 5,34. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ Plutarch , Marcellus, chapters 6-7 * ^ Markey, Thomas (2008). Shared Symbolics, Genre Diffusion, Token Perception and Late Literacy in North-Western Europe. NOWELE. * ^ A B Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 198–200. ISBN 1-85109-440-7 , ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0 . * ^ A B Mountain, Harry. (1997). The Celtic Encyclopedia p.225 ISBN 1-58112-890-8 (v. 1) * ^ The Encyclopedia of Ireland, B. Lalor and F. McCourt editors, © 2003 New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 1089 ISBN 0-300-09442-6 , noting that Ulaidh was the original tribal designation of the Uluti, who are identifiable as the Voluntii of the Ptolomey map and who occupied, at start, all of the historic province of Ulster. * ^ http://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=1404299 * ^ Ptolemy, Geographia, II, 5, 6 * ^ Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 198–200. ISBN 1-85109-440-7 , ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0 . ^ Jump up to: a b Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 224–225. ISBN 1-85109-440-7 , ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0 . * ^ A B C D E Jorge de Alarcão, “Novas perspectivas sobre os Lusitanos (e outros mundos)”, in Revista portuguesa de Arqueologia, vol. IV, n° 2, 2001, p. 312 e segs. * ^ Indoeuropeos y no Indoeuropeos en la Hispania Prerromana, Salamanca: Universidad, 2000 * ^ Adrian Goldsworthy, How Rome Fell: Death of a Superpower, ISBN 0-300-13719-2 , 2009, p. 105: "... who had moved to the Hungarian Plain. Another tribe, the Bastarnae, may or may not have been Germanic. ..." * ^ Christopher Webber and Angus McBride, The Thracians
Thracians
700 BC-AD 46 (Men-at-Arms), ISBN 1-84176-329-2 , 2001, p. 12: "... never got near the main body of Roman infantry. The Bastarnae (either Celts or Germans, and `the bravest nation on earth' – Livy ..." * ^ A B Ion Grumeza, Dacia: Land of Transylvania, Cornerstone of Ancient Eastern Europe, ISBN 0-7618-4465-1 , 2009, p. 51: "In a short time the Dacians imposed their conditions on the Anerati, Boii, Eravisci, Pannoni, Scordisci," * ^ Andrea Faber, Körpergräber des 1.-3. Jahrhunderts in der römischen Welt: internationales Kolloquium, Frankfurt am Main, 19.-20. November 2004, ISBN 3-88270-501-9 , p. 144. * ^ Géza Alföldy, Noricum, Tome 3 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1974, p. 69. * ^ A. Mocsy and S. Frere, Pannonia
Pannonia
and Upper Moesia. A History of the Middle Danube
Danube
Provinces of the Roman Empire. p. 14. * ^ Pannonia. A History of the Middle Danube
Danube
Provinces of the Roman Empire. p. 14. * ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , p. 217. * ^ Velika Dautova-Ruševljan and Miroslav Vujović, Rimska vojska u Sremu, 2006, p. 131: "extended as far as Ruma whence continued the territory of another community named after the Celtic tribe of Cornacates" * ^ John T. Koch, Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia, ISBN 1-85109-440-7 , 2006, p. 907. * ^ Charles Anthon, A Classical Dictionary: Containing The Principal Proper Names Mentioned In Ancient Authors, Part One, 2005, p. 539: "... Tor, " elevated," " a mountain. (Strabo, 293)"; "the Iapodes (Strabo, 313), a Gallo-Illyrian race occupying the valleys of ..." * ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , p. 79: "along with the evidence of name formulae, a Venetic element among the Japodes. A group of names identified by Alföldy as of Celtic origin: Ammida, Andes, Iaritus, Matera, Maxa," * ^ J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, Tome 2 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1969, pp. 154 and 482. * ^ A B J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , p. 81: "In Roman Pannonia
Pannonia
the Latobici and Varciani who dwelt east of the Venetic Catari in the upper Sava valley were Celtic but the Colapiani of ..." * ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , p. 140: "... Autariatae at the expense of the Triballi until, as Strabo remarks, they in their turn were overcome by the Celtic Scordisci in the early third century" * ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , page 217,"... with high mountains, Siculotae (24), Glintidiones (44) and Scirtari, who dwelt along the border with Macedonia. In northeast Bosnia the Dindari are located by the record of one of their chiefs (principes) in the Drina valley" * ^ Population and economy of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia, 2002, ISBN 1-84171-440-2 , p. 24: "the Dindari were a branch of the Scordisci" * ^ Dubravka Balen-Letunič, 40 godina arheoloških istraživanja u sjeverozapadnoj Hrvatskoj, 1986, p. 52: "and the Celtic Serretes" * ^ Alan Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott , The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC-AD 69, 1996, p. 580: "... 580 I3h. DANUBIAN AND BALKAN PROVINCES Tricornenses of Tricornium (Ritopek) replaced the Celegeri, the Picensii of Pincum ..." * ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , p. 140: "... Autariatae at the expense of the Triballi until, as Strabo remarks, they in their turn were overcome by the Celtic Scordisci in the early third century BC ..." * ^ John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, and N. G. L. Hammond, The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 3, Part 2: The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries BC, ISBN 0-521-22717-8 , 1992, p. 600: "In the place of the vanished Treres and Tilataei we find the Serdi for whom there is no evidence before the first century BC. It has for long been supposed on convincing linguistic and archeological grounds that this tribe was of Celtic origin" * ^ Dio Cassius, Earnest Cary, and Herbert B. Foster, Dio Cassius: Roman History, Vol. IX, Books 71–80 (Loeb Classical Library, No. 177), 1927, Index: "... 9, 337, 353 Seras, philosopher, condemned to death, 8. 361 Serdi, Thracian tribe defeated by M. Crassus, 6. 73 Seretium,"" * ^ Frank W. Walbank , Polybius, Rome and the Hellenistic World: Essays and Reflections, ISBN 0-521-81208-9 , 2002, p. 116: "... in A7P 60 (1939) 452 8, is not Antigonus Doson but barbarians from the mainland (either Thracians
Thracians
or Gauls from Tylis) (cf. Rostovizef and Welles (1940) 207-8, Rostovizef (1941) 111, 1645), nor has that inscription anything to do with the Cavan expedition. On ..." * ^ William M. Ramsay, Historical Commentary on Galatians, 1997, p. 302: "... these adaptable Celts were Hellenized early. The term Gallograecia, compared with Themistius' (p. 360) Γαλατία ..." * ^ Roger D. Woodard, The Ancient Languages of Asia Minor, 2008, p. 72: "... The Phrygian elite (like the Galatian) was quickly Hellenized linguistically; the Phrygian tongue was devalued and found refuge only ..." * ^ A B C D E F G H I J Prifysgol Cymru, University of Wales, A Detailed Map of Celtic Settlements in Galatia, Celtic Names and La Tène Material in Anatolia, the Eastern Balkans, and the Pontic Steppes.

REFERENCES

* Alberro, Manuel and Arnold, Bettina (eds.), e-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies, Volume 6: The Celts in the Iberian Peninsula, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee, Center for Celtic Studies, 2005. * Haywood, John. (2001). Atlas of the Celtic World. London: Thames ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Celts

Ancient Celts Celtic studies

PEOPLES

* Names * GAELS * BRITONS * PICTS * GAULS * IBERIAN CELTS * GALATIANS

PLACES

* Gaelic Ireland
Ireland
* Dálriata / Alba * Iron Age
Iron Age
Britain / Roman Britain
Roman Britain
/ Sub- Roman Britain
Roman Britain
* Dumnonia * Iron Age
Iron Age
Gaul
Gaul
/ Roman Gaul
Gaul
/ Brittany
Brittany
* Gallaecia * Britonia * Brigantia (ancient region) * Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
* Balkans * Transylvania *