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LIST AUF SYLT (known as LIST until 31 December 2008 ) is the northernmost municipality in Germany
Germany
, located on the North Sea
North Sea
island of Sylt
Sylt
close to Denmark
Denmark
in the district of Nordfriesland
Nordfriesland
in the state of Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 History

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Subdivisions

* 4 Demographics * 5 Economy * 6 Attractions * 7 Government

* 8 Infrastructure

* 8.1 Transport

* 9 Education * 10 Notable people * 11 References * 12 External links

ETYMOLOGY

List derived from the Middle Low German
Middle Low German
Liste (ledge, bar or edge). :230

HISTORY

List was originally a Danish settlement. It was first mentioned in 1292 (Lystum). The original village was destroyed by the great flood of 1364. The settlement was rebuilt further east from the previous location. In the mid-15th century, a church named St. Jürgen was mentioned. In a treaty of 1460, Schleswig
Schleswig
and Holstein were linked to the Danish crown, but List remained part of the royal enclaves, small areas of the Kingdom of Denmark
Denmark
situated within the Duchy of Schleswig , but directly controlled by the Danish king.

From the 16th century, the people of List mostly made a living from Oyster farming , raising sheep and collecting and selling gull eggs. At the time, List was an important protective anchorage . In 1644, a Swedish-Dutch fleet of 26 ships commanded by Admiral Thijssen was attacked in the Lister Tief and defeated by Danish ships commanded by king Christian IV of Denmark
Denmark
. The anchorage north of today's town was named Königshafen to honour this event. :231

After the Danish-German war of 1864 , List became part of Prussia
Prussia
. In 1908, List had 13 houses and 70 inhabitants. :231

The plebiscite of 1920 drew the border just north of List, with the next island (Rømø) being returned to Denmark.

In World War I
World War I
, List became a naval air base. The first fortifications were constructed in 1914, followed by a hangar for naval planes. In 1927, a station of the Deutsche Verkehrsfliegerschule opened in List. This served both to train civilian pilots (for Lufthansa
Lufthansa
) as well as providing training for military purposes, officially forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
.

Much of today's town was built in the 1930s, when the Nazis expanded the military installation and added housing. The current church St. Jürgen was built. The population increased from 449 in 1933 to 3,000 by 1939, excluding military personnel. :231

After the end of World War II
World War II
, the small town of List had to house around 2,000 displaced Germans , including 15 families from Heligoland , occupied by the British. The hangar was dismantled an transported to Kiel
Kiel
, where it became the Ostseehalle. In 1955, the Bundeswehr
Bundeswehr
was established and the military returned to List. :231

More recently, the military presence was withdrawn from the area, shifting the focus of List's economy more and more towards the tourist industry. The Marineversorgungsschule (de) closed at the end of 2006, ending the long period in which the military had been a major influence and the town's largest employer.