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LINGUERE NDOYE DEMBA JOOS FADIOU, also known as NDOYE DEMBA in Senegambian dynastic history, was a Serer princess from the Kingdom of Sine (now part of present-day Senegal
Senegal
), from the later half of the 14th century to the 15th century. The royal title – " Lingeer
Lingeer
" means Queen or Royal Princess. She was given in marriage to the Brak of Waalo
Waalo
– Caaka Mbaar Mbooj (variation : Brac Thiaka Mbar). The surname Mbooj is the English spelling in the Gambia
Gambia
, variation include Mboge. In French speaking Senegal
Senegal
, it is spelt Mbodj. Differences in spelling is due to the colonial past of the Gambia
Gambia
and Senegal. France colonized Senegal, whilst Britain colonized the Gambia, thus the division of the two countries. Caaka Mbaar was the second king of Waalo
Waalo
from the Mbooj patrilineage, who ruled in the second half of the 14th century, around 1367. Brak was the title of the kings of Waalo. Lingeer
Lingeer
Ndoye Demba was the founder of the Serer Joos Maternal Dynasty
Dynasty
(variations : Dyoss, Diouss-Fahou, Dious-Fadiou, Dieuss, Dihosou, also "Diouss" – the French spelling in Senegal
Senegal
) of Waalo. In the Wolof Kingdom of Waalo, Lingeer
Lingeer
Ndoye Demba is considered the matriarch of the Joos maternal clan . In the Serer Kingdom of Sine
Kingdom of Sine
, it is her grandmother Lingeer
Lingeer
Fatim Beye (variations : Fa-tim Beye or Fatimata Beye) who is considered to be the matriarch this maternal dynasty. In the Serer language
Serer language
, the word "Fa-tim" means "the maternal clan of ... ". The Serer surname Beye (var : Bèye) is also one of the many Serer maternal clans.

CONTENTS

* 1 Marriage and legacy * 2 Descendants of Lingeer
Lingeer
Ndoye Demba * 3 Genealogy
Genealogy
* 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 Bibliography * 7 External links

MARRIAGE AND LEGACY

Lingeer
Lingeer
Ndoye Demba's marriage to Brak Caaka Mbaar took place in the Kingdom of Sine
Kingdom of Sine
(the country of her birth). She was given in marriage to the King of Waalo
Waalo
during his visit to Sine. After the marriage, she accompanied her husband to the Kingdom of Waalo
Waalo
where she received great hostility from the two established maternal clans : the Tedyek Maternal Dynasty
Dynasty
(of Fula origin) and the Loggar Maternal Dynasty
Dynasty
(of Moor origin). The king's mother was a Loggar and his first wife (Lingeer-Awo Yassin Tanor) was a Tedyek. These three maternal dynasties ruled the kingdom of Waalo
Waalo
with the Mbooj paternal family. For nearly six hundred years, these three maternal clans engaged in dynastic wars among themselves. The Battle of Nder (var : Ndeer) which is still celebrated in Waalo, began as a dynastic war between the Joos Maternal Dynasty
Dynasty
(maternal descendants of Lingeer
Lingeer
Ndoye Demba, of Serer origin) and the Tedyek, where the Joos family massacred several members of the Tedyek maternal clan.

DESCENDANTS OF LINGEER NDOYE DEMBA

Main article: Joos Maternal Dynasty
Dynasty

From the 14th century until the destruction of Waalo
Waalo
in 1855 during the reign of Lingeer
Lingeer
Ndateh Yalla Mbooj many kings of Waalo
Waalo
came from the Joos Maternal Dynasty. Some of these include :

* Brak Yerim Mbanyik Ndoye Demba Mbooj, son of Lingeer
Lingeer
Ndoye Demba. In a failed attempt to dethrone him, he defeated the Gueye and Diaw family forcing them to seek refuge in Futa Toro . * Brak Mö Mbôdy Kumba Khedy Mbooj, reigned : reigned : c. 1734 – 1735. At the Battle of Nder (commonly known in Senegambia
Senegambia
as "Talaata-i Ndeer" meaning "Tuesday of Ndeer", the day the battle took place), he commanded the Joos army and led a massacre against the Tedyek Dynasty
Dynasty
of Waalo. After killing the Brak of Waalo, Yerim Ndateh Bubou, he ursuped his throne. * Brak Amar Fatim Borso Mbooj, father of Lingeer
Lingeer
Ndateh Yalla Mbooj and Lingeer
Lingeer
Njombeutt Mbooj, the two sisters who dominated the political scene of Waalo
Waalo
in the 19th century. Reigned : c. 1812 – 1825 according to some. Though it is most probable he reigned up to 1825 or 1826, because he is reported to have died in January 1826. He entered a religious war against the Almamy of Futa Toro ( Almamy Biram, var : Almamy Birani), and is reported to have said, "Brak du tuub muk" (meaning "a Brak should never convert" (to Islam
Islam
), in Wolof ).

GENEALOGY

The following is a brief genealogy of Linguere Ndoye Demba. FAMILY OF LINGEER NDOYE DEMBA

Lingeer
Lingeer
Fatim Beye (From Kingdom of Sine
Kingdom of Sine
, Princess Royal and Queen of Sine, matriarch of the Joos Maternal Dynasty
Dynasty
of Waalo
Waalo
) │ Lingeer Ndoung Jein (Princess of Sine) │ │ _______________│ │ │ ┌───────────┴────────────────────────────────────────┐ Lingeer
Lingeer
Fatim Malado │ Nancy Demba (Princess of Sine ) │ (Princess of Sine ) │ │ │______________________________________________________________________ │ │ Lamtoro Abraham Sall (of Futa Toro ) │ │ │ │___________________________________________ │ │ │ ? = Lingeer Fatoumata Sall = Mbarick Bo │ (1) │ (2) │ ______________│ │ │ │ Brak Barka Bo = * Lingeer
Lingeer
Faaduma Yumeyga │ │ (Barka Mbooj, King of Waalo
Waalo
) │______________________________________ │ │ │ │ Ndiadiane Ndiaye = Lingeer-Awo Maram Doye Gaye = Lingeer
Lingeer
Mbat Mboye │ │ (King of Jolof, founder of the Jolof Empire ) │ (1) (daughter of Amar Gaye) │ (*3) │ │ ___________________________│ │ │ │ │ Ware Ndiaye │ │ │ │ │ │ ___________________________________________│ │ │ │ ______________│ │ │ │ │ Brak Caaka Mbaar Mbooj = Lingeer Ndoye Demba ┌───────────┴────────────────────────────────────────┐ (King of Waalo
Waalo
) │ (From Kingdom of Sine
Kingdom of Sine
) │ │ │ │ │ (Princess of Sine, Queen of Waalo
Waalo
) Sare Ndiaye Guet Ndiaye Ndombuur Ndiaye Guedo Ndiaye │ (2) (King of Jolof ) ________________│ ┌───────────┴────────────────────────────────────────┐ │ │ Brak Yerim Mbanyik Ndoye Demba Mbooj Sodeh Mbooj (King of Waalo
Waalo
) │ │ _____________________________________________________________│ │ │ ┌───────────┴────────────────────────────────────────┐ Jummoul Diouroukh Baka Dequene = Aïssa │ │ ____________________________│ ________________│ ┌───────────┴────────────────────────────────────────┐ ┌───────────┴────────────────────────────────────────┐ │ │ │ │ │ │ │ │ │ │ Degene Mande Bo Mbody Fanta Degene Ko Khadj Yalladj Jaw Njuck Mbouneh Njuck Fary Njuck Borom Borom Mbooj Mbooj Mbooj Ndiouk │ │ Fa Mbooj Njaak

SEE ALSO

* History of Senegal
Senegal
* History of the Gambia
Gambia
* Kingdom of Sine
Kingdom of Sine
* Waalo
Waalo
* Serer people

* Senegal
Senegal
portal * Gambia
Gambia
portal * Serer portal * Monarchy portal * History portal * Genealogy
Genealogy
portal

NOTES

* ^ Variation : Linguère Ndoye Demba Diouss-Fadiou * ^ Bulletin. Serie B: Sciences humaines / Institut fondamental d\'Afrique noire , Volume 41. pp 224–236 (1979) * ^ Institut français d'Afrique noire. Bulletin de l'Institut français d'Afrique noire: Sciences humaines, Volume 17. p 317. IFAN, (1955) * ^ Monteil, p 36, * ^ Bulletin. Serie B: Sciences humaines / Institut fondamental d'Afrique noire, Volume 41. p 225 (1979) * ^ BIFAN (1979), p 225 * ^ Monteil, pp 36–69. See also : Amadou Wade, Chronique du Walo Sénégalais (1186–1855); Barry: Le royaume du Waalo * ^ Linguere Ndaté Yalla Mbodj, French spelling in Senegal * ^ Monteil, pp 39–40 * ^ According to Amadou Wade, Mö Mbôdy Kumba Khedy reigned from 1734 to 1735 and was assassinated on the day of his coronation. see : « Amadou Wade, "Chronique du Walo" » Barry (1985), p 312 * ^ Variations :Yérim Ndaté Bubou * ^ Barry, (1985), pp 183–186 * ^ Variation : Ndieumbeutt Mbodj * ^ Zaghi, Carlo, "L' Africa
Africa
nella coscienza europea e l'imperialismo italiano", Guida (1973), p 288 * ^ Barry (1972), p 261 * ^ Monteil, Vincent,. "Esquisses sénégalaises", Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire, 1966. pp 64–65 * ^ BIFAN (1979), p 225 * ^ Monteil, p 36 * ^ Oumar Ndiaye Leyti, "Le Djoloff et ses Bourba", Les Nouvelles editions Africaines (1981). pp 2–10 ISBN 2723608174 * ^ Names spelt according to English speaking Gambia
Gambia
apart from Ndiaye (French Senegalese) which is spelt Njie in Gambia. For other French spelling variations in Senegal, see corresponding French article.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Monteil, Vincent , " Esquisses sénégalaises", Institut Fondamental d\'Afrique Noire , 1966. * Barry, Boubacar, "Le royaume du waalo, le Sénégal avant la conquête", F. Maspéro (1972) * Zaghi, Carlo, "L' Africa
Africa
nella coscienza europea e l'imperialismo italiano", Guida (1973), p 288 * Bulletin. Serie B: Sciences humaines / Institut fondamental d\'Afrique noire , Volume 41. (1979) * Institut français d'Afrique noire. Bulletin de l'Institut français d'Afrique noire: Sciences humaines, Volume 17. IFAN, (1955)

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Boubacar Barry, Le royaume du Waalo

* v * t * e

Serer topics

PEOPLES

SERER PEOPLES

* * Laalaa * Ndut * Niominka * Noon * Palor * Saafi * Seex

RELIGION

KEY TOPICS

* * Ciiɗ * Classical Ndut teachings * Creation myth * Criticism * Festivals * Jaaniiw * Junjung * Lamane * Sadax * Saltigue
Saltigue
* Symbolism * Women

SUPREME DEITIES

* * Kokh Kox * Koox * Kopé Tiatie Cac
Kopé Tiatie Cac
* Roog
Roog
(main)

OTHER DEITIES

* * Kumba Njaay * Takhar
Takhar
* Tiurakh

Saints and ancestral spirits

* * Ginaaru * Julang Joof * Laga Ndong * Lunguñ Joof * Mindiss * Moussa Sarr * Njemeh (of Languème ) * Njoxona * Ngojil Joof * Ngolum Joof

* Pangool
Pangool

* list

SACRED SITES

* * Fatick * Sine River
Sine River
*