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Coordinates: 53°4′N 0°11′W / 53.067°N 0.183°W / 53.067; -0.183

Lincolnshire

County

Flag

Motto: Land and God

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
in England

Sovereign state United Kingdom

Country England

Region East Midlands Yorkshire and the Humber
Yorkshire and the Humber
( North Lincolnshire
North Lincolnshire
and North East Lincolnshire)

Ceremonial county

Area 6,959 km2 (2,687 sq mi)

 • Ranked 2nd of 48

Population (mid-2016 est.) 1,073,300

 • Ranked 18th of 48

Density 153/km2 (400/sq mi)

Ethnicity 98.5% White

Non-metropolitan county

County council

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
County Council http://www.lincolnshire.gov.uk/

Executive Conservative

Admin HQ Lincoln

Area 5,921 km2 (2,286 sq mi)

 • Ranked 4th of 27

Population 743,400

 • Ranked 14th of 27

Density 125/km2 (320/sq mi)

ISO 3166-2 GB-LIN

ONS code 32

NUTS UKF30

Districts of Lincolnshire

Districts

City of Lincoln North Kesteven South Kesteven South Holland Boston East Lindsey West Lindsey North Lincolnshire
North Lincolnshire
(Unitary) North East Lincolnshire
North East Lincolnshire
(Unitary)

Members of Parliament

Nicholas Boles
Nicholas Boles
(Con) Nic Dakin
Nic Dakin
(Lab) John Henry Hayes
John Henry Hayes
(Con) Edward Leigh
Edward Leigh
(Con) Karen Lee (Lab) Melanie Onn
Melanie Onn
(Lab) Andrew Percy
Andrew Percy
(Con) Caroline Johnson
Caroline Johnson
(Con) Matt Warman
Matt Warman
(Con) Victoria Atkins (Con) Martin Vickers
Martin Vickers
(Con)

Time zone Greenwich Mean Time
Greenwich Mean Time
(UTC)

 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time
British Summer Time
(UTC+1)

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
(/ˈlɪŋkənʃər/ or /-ʃɪər/; abbreviated Lincs) is a county in east central England. It borders Norfolk
Norfolk
to the south east, Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
to the south, Rutland
Rutland
to the south west, Leicestershire
Leicestershire
and Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
to the west, South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
to the north west, and the East Riding of Yorkshire
East Riding of Yorkshire
to the north. It also borders Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
in the south for just 20 yards (18 m), England's shortest county boundary.[1] The county town is Lincoln, where the county council has its headquarters. The ceremonial county of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is composed of the non-metropolitan county of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and the area covered by the unitary authorities of North Lincolnshire
North Lincolnshire
and North East Lincolnshire. Therefore, part of the ceremonial county is in the Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and the Humber
Humber
region of England, and most is in the East Midlands
East Midlands
region. The county is the second-largest of the English ceremonial counties and one that is predominantly agricultural in land use. The county is fourth largest of the two-tier counties, as the unitary authorities of North Lincolnshire
North Lincolnshire
and North East Lincolnshire
North East Lincolnshire
are not included. The county can be broken down into a number of geographical sub-regions including: The rolling chalk hills of the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Wolds. In the south east are the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Fens (south-east Lincolnshire), the Carrs (similar to the Fens but in north Lincolnshire), the industrial Humber
Humber
Estuary and North Sea
North Sea
coast around Grimsby
Grimsby
and Scunthorpe, and in the south west of the county, the Kesteven Uplands, comprising rolling limestone hills in the district of South Kesteven.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Economy

3.1 Agriculture

4 Elections

4.1 Westminster Parliamentary constituencies 4.2 Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
County Council

4.2.1 2009 election 4.2.2 2013 election 4.2.3 2017 election

5 Referendums

5.1 1975 EC membership referendum 5.2 2011 AV referendum 5.3 2016 EU membership referendum

6 Police and Crime Commissioners

6.1 Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Police 6.2 Humberside
Humberside
Police

7 Services and retail 8 Public services

8.1 Education 8.2 Transport 8.3 Health care 8.4 Drainage 8.5 Housing

9 Towns and villages 10 Coastal tourism 11 Culture

11.1 People 11.2 Notable people 11.3 Local dialect 11.4 Music 11.5 Food 11.6 Events 11.7 Sport 11.8 Symbols

12 Press 13 Television 14 Radio 15 Military

15.1 Air 15.2 Army

16 Places of interest 17 See also 18 References 19 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Lincolnshire

Part of 'The Bailgate'. The centre of the uphill area of Lincoln.

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
derived from the merging of the territory of the ancient Kingdom of Lindsey
Kingdom of Lindsey
with that controlled by the Danelaw
Danelaw
borough of Stamford. For some time the entire county was called "Lindsey", and it is recorded as such in the 11th-century Domesday Book. Later, the name Lindsey was applied to the northern core, around Lincoln, and this emerged as one of the three Parts of Lincolnshire, along with the Parts of Holland in the south east and the Parts of Kesteven in the south west, which each had separate Quarter Sessions as their county administrations. In 1888 when county councils were set up, Lindsey, Holland and Kesteven each received separate ones. These survived until 1974, when Holland, Kesteven, and most of Lindsey were unified into Lincolnshire. The northern part of Lindsey, including Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Municipal Borough and Grimsby
Grimsby
County Borough, was incorporated into the newly formed non-metropolitan county of Humberside, along with most of the East Riding of Yorkshire.

County and County Borough areas pre 1965

A local government reform in 1996 abolished Humberside, and the land south of the Humber
Humber
was allocated to the unitary authorities of North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and North East Lincolnshire. These two areas became part of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
for ceremonial purposes such as the Lord-Lieutenancy, but are not covered by the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
police and are in the Yorkshire and the Humber
Yorkshire and the Humber
region. The remaining districts of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
are Boston, East Lindsey, Lincoln, North Kesteven, South Holland, South Kesteven, and West Lindsey. They are part of the East Midlands
East Midlands
region. The area was shaken by the 27 February 2008 Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
earthquake, reaching between 4.7 and 5.3 on the Richter magnitude scale; it was one of the largest earthquakes to affect Britain in recent years. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is home to Woolsthorpe Manor, birthplace and home of Sir Isaac Newton. He attended The King's School, Grantham
The King's School, Grantham
and its library has preserved his signature, applied to a window sill when he was a teenager.

Belton House

Boston Stump

Gainsborough Old Hall

Harlaxton Manor

Normanby Hall

Tattershall Castle

Thornton Abbey

Geography[edit] Lincolnshire's geography is fairly varied, but consists of several distinct areas:

Lincolnshire Wolds
Lincolnshire Wolds
- area of rolling hills in the north east of the county designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty The Fens
The Fens
- dominating the south east quarter of the county The Marshes - running along the coast of the county The Lincoln Edge/Cliff - limestone escarpment running north-south along the western half of the county

Economy[edit] This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Lincolnshire at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added (£ millions) Agriculture[a] Industry[b] Services[c]

1995 5,719 657 1,769 3,292

2000 6,512 452 2,046 4,013

2003 8,419 518 2,518 5,383

a includes hunting and forestry b includes energy and construction c includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

Notable businesses based in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
include the Lincs FM
Lincs FM
Group, Young's Seafood, Openfield and the Lincolnshire Co-operative
Lincolnshire Co-operative
(whose membership includes about one quarter of the population of the county). Agriculture[edit]

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
farmland near Burton Coggles

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is an agricultural area, growing large amounts of wheat, barley, sugar beet, and oilseed rape. In south Lincolnshire, where the soil is particularly rich in nutrients, some of the most common crops include potatoes, cabbages, cauliflowers, and onions. South Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is also home to one of the UK's leading agricultural experiment stations located in Sutton Bridge
Sutton Bridge
operated by the Potato Council, Sutton Bridge
Sutton Bridge
Crop Storage Research engages in research for the British potato industry.[2] Mechanisation around 1900 greatly diminished the number of workers required to operate the county's relatively large farms, and the proportion of workers in the agricultural sector dropped substantially during this period. Several major engineering companies developed in Lincoln, Gainsborough and Grantham
Grantham
to support those changes, perhaps most famously Fosters of Lincoln, who built the first tank, and Richard Hornsby & Sons of Grantham. Most such companies are long gone, and Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is no longer an engineering centre. Today, immigrant workers mainly from new member states of the European Union in Central and Eastern Europe comprise a large component of the seasonal agricultural workforce, particularly in the south of the county where more labour-intensive crops such as small vegetables and cut flowers are typically grown. This seasonal influx of migrant labour occasionally causes tension between the migrant workforce and local people, in a county which is relatively unaccustomed to large-scale immigration. However, as a result of the current economic climate some food production facilities have closed down, this has caused some reduction in the levels of migrant workers. The large number of people from Portugal
Portugal
is still obvious in the town of Boston, and in Grantham
Grantham
the number of Polish workers is apparent.[3][4] Elections[edit] Westminster Parliamentary constituencies[edit]

Overall numbers of seats as of 2017

Conservative Labour Liberal Democrats UKIP Green

8 3 0 0 0

The Conservative Party won eight seats in the 2017 United Kingdom general election in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
although they lost the Lincoln seat to the Labour Party.

Parliamentary Constituencies

Constituency District MP Party

Boston and Skegness Boston, East Lindsey Matt Warman Conservative

Brigg
Brigg
and Goole North Lincolnshire
North Lincolnshire
(plus part in East Riding of Yorkshire) Andrew Percy Conservative

Cleethorpes North East Lincolnshire, North Lincolnshire Martin Vickers Conservative

Gainsborough West Lindsey, East Lindsey Edward Leigh Conservative

Grantham
Grantham
and Stamford South Kesteven Nicholas Boles Conservative

Great Grimsby North East Lincolnshire Melanie Onn Labour

Lincoln Lincoln, North Kesteven Karen Lee Labour

Louth and Horncastle East Lindsey Victoria Atkins Conservative

Scunthorpe North Lincolnshire Nic Dakin Labour

Sleaford
Sleaford
and North Hykeham North Kesteven, South Kesteven Caroline Johnson Conservative

South Holland and The Deepings South Holland, South Kesteven John Henry Hayes Conservative

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
County Council[edit]

Map of outcome of Lincolnshire County Council
Lincolnshire County Council
election, 2017. The Conservatives retook control of the council, winning 58 of the 70 seats. North Lincolnshire
North Lincolnshire
and North East Lincolnshire
North East Lincolnshire
are unitary authorities and do not form part of the non-metropolitan county of Lincolnshire

The Conservatives control the county council, with 58 of the 70 seats. North Lincolnshire
North Lincolnshire
and North East Lincolnshire
North East Lincolnshire
are unitary authorities and do not form part of the non-metropolitan county of Lincolnshire. 2009 election[edit] The Conservative Party comfortably controlled the County Council after the 2009 local elections, in which they increased their majority to 43 seats. The Labour Party lost a total of 15 seats including 7 in Lincoln, whilst the Liberal Democrats lost three. The Lincolnshire Independents gained a total of four seats, although one of their number moved to the Conservative group during 2010, increasing the number of Conservative seats to 61. The collective group of the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Independents, the Boston Bypass Party and other independent councillors formed the opposition for the four-year term. 2013 election[edit] In the 2013 County Council elections, the Conservatives lost their overall majority and formed a coalition with the Liberal Democrats and independents. The UK Independence Party
UK Independence Party
made significant gains from the Conservatives, particularly around the town of Boston, due to opposition to Eastern European immigration.[5] UKIP were initially the main opposition party with 16 councillors, but six members broke away to form a separate group, UKIP Lincolnshire.[6] 2017 election[edit] The Lincolnshire County Council election, 2017
Lincolnshire County Council election, 2017
took place on 4 May 2017 and saw a local landslide victory for the Conservatives, who won 58 out of the 70 seats. UKIP was left without a single seat. Labour lost four seats, reducing their number of seats to six, the Liberal Democrats were reduced to one seat, and the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Independents were also reduced to a single seat after losing eight seats. Four other independents were elected. Referendums[edit] 1975 EC membership referendum[edit] See also: Results of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
European Communities membership referendum, 1975 The 1975 EC membership referendum was the first major referendum ever to be held within the county, and saw one of the largest majority votes in favour of continued membership of the then European Communities (which would later become the European Union) within non-metropolitan Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and also Humberside, which then included northern parts of historic Lincolnshire. The referendum was held on 5 June 1975 with all the votes within the county being centrally counted under the provisions of the Referendum Act 1975
Referendum Act 1975
where voters were asked to decide on the question “Do you think that the United Kingdom should stay in the European Community (the Common Market)?” by voting for either “Yes” or “No”. The result was declared on the following day.

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
European Community (Common Market) membership referendum, 1975 Non-metropolitan Lincolnshire

Choice Votes %

Yes 180,603 74.75%

No 61,011 25.25%

Vaild votes 241,614 99.82%

Invalid or blank votes 445 0.18%

Total votes 242,059 100.00%

Registered voters and turnout 370,518 63.70%

Referendum results (without spoiled ballots):

Yes: 180,603 (74.7%) No: 61,011 (25.3%)

The result above only includes non-Metropolitan Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
as parts of historic northern Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
made up part of Humberside
Humberside
at the time.

County Yes votes No votes Yes No Turnout

Humberside 257,826 122,199 67.8% 32.2% 62.4%

2011 AV referendum[edit] Main article: Results of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Alternative Vote referendum, 2011 The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Alternative Vote referendum, 2011 was the first to be held within Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
since the 1975 EC membership referendum and was only the second time that the people of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
have been asked to vote in a referendum. The referendum asked voters whether to replace the present "first-past-the-post" (simple plurality) system with the "alternative vote" (AV) method for electing MPs to the House of Commons in future general elections. The proposal to introduce AV was overwhelmingly rejected by voters with all eight counting areas within Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
returning significant "no" votes.

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Alternative Vote referendum, 2011 Lincolnshire

Choice Votes %

No 232,034 75.19%

Yes 76,570 24.81%

Vaild votes 308,604 99.49%

Invalid or blank votes 1,593 0.51%

Total votes 310,197 100.00%

Registered voters and turnout 722,210 40.17%

Referendum results (without spoiled ballots):

Yes: 76,570 (24.8%) No: 232,034 (75.2%)

The result above includes all areas within historic Lincolnshire

The seven shire-districts, and two unitary authorities within Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
were used as the voting areas.

Counting Areas Turnout % No votes Yes votes No % Yes %

Boston 39.58 7004133370000000000♠13,337 7003395800000000000♠3,958 77.11 22.89

East Lindsey 42.60 7004340450000000000♠34,045 7004105710000000000♠10,571 76.31 23.69

Lincoln 36.68 7004160990000000000♠16,099 7003695100000000000♠6,951 69.84 30.16

North East Lincolnshire 34.23 7004294840000000000♠29,484 7003954900000000000♠9,549 75.54 24.46

North Lincolnshire 39.57 7004360310000000000♠36,031 7004125420000000000♠12,542 74.18 25.82

North Kesteven 42.95 7004273970000000000♠27,397 7003792600000000000♠7,926 77.56 22.44

South Holland 39.83 7004205420000000000♠20,542 7003560300000000000♠5,603 78.57 21.43

South Kesteven 42.63 7004322170000000000♠32,217 7004112470000000000♠11,247 74.12 25.88

West Lindsey 43.70 7004228820000000000♠22,882 7003822300000000000♠8,223 73.56 26.44

2016 EU membership referendum[edit] Main article: Results of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
European Union
European Union
membership referendum, 2016 On 23 June 2016, in the EU referendum, the people of Lincolnshire voted for the second time on the issue of the UK's continued membership of what is now known as the European Union
European Union
under the provisions of the European Union
European Union
Referendum Act 2015 where voters were asked to decide on the question “Should the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
remain a member of the European Union
European Union
or leave the European Union” by voting for either “Remain a member of the European Union” or “Leave the European Union”. Of the ten MPs which represented the historic county at the time six MPs Andrew Percy, Martin Vickers, Edward Leigh, Karl McCartney, Nick Boles, Stephen Phillips and John Hayes supported a "Leave" vote with four MPs Matt Warman, Victoria Atkins, Melanie Onn and Nic Dakin
Nic Dakin
supported a "Remain" vote.[citation needed]

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
European Union
European Union
membership referendum, 2016 Lincolnshire

Choice Votes %

Leave the European Union 380,556 65.98%

Remain a member of the European Union 196,184 34.02%

Vaild votes 576,740 99.95%

Invalid or blank votes 308 0.05%

Total votes 595,954 100.00%

Registered voters and turnout 780,761 73.91%

Referendum results (without spoiled ballots):

Leave: 380,556 (66%) Remain: 196,184 (34%)

The result above includes all areas within historic Lincolnshire

The seven shire-districts, and two unitary authorities within Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
were used as the voting areas.

Voting areas Turnout % Remain votes Leave votes Remain % Leave %

Boston 77.2% 7,430 22,974 24.4% 75.6%

East Lindsey 74.9% 23,515 56,613 29.3% 70.7%

Lincoln 69.3% 18,902 24,992 43.1% 57.0%

North East Lincolnshire 67.9% 23,797 55,185 30.1% 69.9%

North Lincolnshire 71.9% 29,947 58,915 33.7% 66.3%

North Kesteven 78.4% 25,570 42,183 37.7% 62.3%

South Holland 75.3% 13,074 36,423 26.4% 73.6%

South Kesteven 78.2% 33,047 49,424 40.1% 60.0%

West Lindsey 74.5% 20,906 33,847 38.2% 61.8%

Police and Crime Commissioners[edit] Main articles: Lincolnshire Police and Crime Commissioner and Humberside
Humberside
Police and Crime Commissioner The most recent elections for Police and Crime Commissioners within the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and Humberside
Humberside
police force areas took place on 5 May 2016. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Police[edit]

Lincolnshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2016

Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round

 First round votes  Transfer votes 

Total Of round Transfers Total Of round

Conservative Marc Jones 39,441 35.22% 8,592 48,033 totalpercent

​​

UKIP Victoria Ayling 28,583 25.52% 8,837 37,420 totalpercent

​​

Labour Lucinda Preston 25,475 22.75%

​​

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Independent Daniel Simpson 18,497 16.52%

​​

Turnout 111,996 20.70%

Conservative gain from Independent

Humberside
Humberside
Police[edit]

Humberside
Humberside
Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2016

Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round

 First round votes  Transfer votes 

Total Of round Transfers Total Of round

Labour Keith Hunter 62,010 40.31% 14,118 76,128 totalpercent

​​

Conservative Matthew Grove 40,925 26.61% 10,832 51,757 totalpercent

​​

UKIP Michael Whitehead 27,434 17.84%

​​

Liberal Democrat Denis Healy 23,451 15.25%

​​

Turnout 153,820 22.10%

Rejected ballots

Total votes

Registered electors

Labour gain from Conservative

Services and retail[edit] According to an IGGI[clarification needed] study in 2000,[7] the town centres were ranked by area thus (including North Lincolnshire
North Lincolnshire
and North East Lincolnshire
North East Lincolnshire
areas):

Lincoln Grantham Grimsby Boston and Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
(equal) Spalding Stamford Skegness Louth Sleaford Gainsborough Brigg Cleethorpes Bourne Horncastle and Mablethorpe
Mablethorpe
(equal)

Public services[edit] Education[edit] Main article: Education in Lincolnshire Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is one of the few counties within the UK that still uses the 11-plus
11-plus
to decide who may attend grammar school. As a result, many towns in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
have both a grammar school and a secondary modern school. Lincolnshire's rural character means that some larger villages also have primary schools and are served by buses to nearby high schools. Lincoln itself, however, is primarily non-selective, as is the area within a radius of about seven miles. Within this area, almost all children attend comprehensive schools, though it is still possible to opt into the 11-plus
11-plus
system. This gives rise to the unusual result that those who pass the Eleven plus can attend a Grammar School outside the Lincoln Comprehensive area, but those who do not pass still attend a (partly non-selective) Comprehensive school. Transport[edit] Main article: Transport in Lincolnshire

The Humber
Humber
Bridge connecting North Lincolnshire
North Lincolnshire
to the East Riding of Yorkshire

Being on the economic periphery of England, Lincolnshire's transport links are poorly developed compared with many other parts of the United Kingdom. The road network within the county is dominated by single carriageway A roads and local roads (B roads) as opposed to motorways and dual carriageways – the administrative county of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is one of the few UK counties without a motorway, and until several years ago, it was said that there was only about 35 km (22 mi) of dual carriageway in the whole of Lincolnshire. The M180 motorway
M180 motorway
passes through North Lincolnshire, splitting into two dual carriageway trunk roads to the Humber
Humber
Bridge and Grimsby, and the A46 is now dual carriageway between Newark-on-Trent
Newark-on-Trent
and Lincoln. The low population density of the county means that the number of railway stations and train services is very low considering the county's large area. Many of the county's railway stations were permanently closed following the Beeching Report of 1963. The most notable reopening has been the line and two stations between Lincoln and Sleaford, which reopened within months of the Beeching closure. Most other closed lines within the county were long ago lifted and much of the trackbed has returned to agricultural use. Prior to 1970, a through train service operated between Cleethorpes and London King's Cross via Louth, Boston and Peterborough. The part of this line within Grimsby
Grimsby
is now the A16 road, preventing reinstatement as a railway line, and a small section of the line is now the Lincolnshire Wolds
Lincolnshire Wolds
Railway, with an extension towards Louth in progress. A daily through train service operated between Cleethorpes
Cleethorpes
and London King's Cross via Grimsby, Market Rasen
Market Rasen
and Lincoln Central until the late 1980s. The Humberlincs Executive, as the service was known, was operated by a HST125 unit, but was discontinued following the electrification of the East Coast Main Line. Passengers now have to change trains at Newark when travelling to and from London. However, the East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line
passes through the western edge of the county and one can catch direct trains to London from Grantham.

A rural road in Lincolnshire

The rural B1397 in Gosberton
Gosberton
Fen heading out towards the Bourne area

Most rail services are currently[when?] provided by East Midlands Trains and Northern. Virgin Trains East Coast
Virgin Trains East Coast
and CrossCountry
CrossCountry
have services which pass through the county, with Virgin Trains East Coast frequently passing and stopping at Grantham
Grantham
on the East Coast Main Line and a daily return train to Lincoln which is at the end of the branch line, while CrossCountry
CrossCountry
trains stop at Stamford on their way between Birmingham
Birmingham
and Stansted Airport. Stations along the Humber
Humber
are served by TransPennine Express
TransPennine Express
services between Manchester Airport
Manchester Airport
and Cleethorpes. One of the most infrequent services in the UK is in Lincolnshire: the Sheffield-Gainsborough Central- Cleethorpes
Cleethorpes
line has passenger trains only on a Saturday, with three trains in both directions. This line is, however, used for freight. On 22 May 2011 East Coast started a Lincoln-London service. One train travels both ways each day, and there is a northbound service on a Sunday. East Midlands
East Midlands
Trains also run a daily (Mon-Sat) service each way between Lincoln and London St Pancras, though this is a stopping service which takes around 3 hours via Nottingham, compared to Virgin Trains East Coast's service to London King's Cross which takes around 1h 50 minutes. The only airport in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is Humberside
Humberside
Airport, near Brigg. While small, it serves all of Lincolnshire. Doncaster
Doncaster
Sheffield Airport near Doncaster
Doncaster
is within travelling distance of much of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and provide a wider range of flights.[citation needed] The county's biggest bus companies are Stagecoach Grimsby-Cleethorpes (formerly Grimsby- Cleethorpes
Cleethorpes
Transport) and Stagecoach in Lincolnshire, (formerly Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Road Car). There are several smaller bus companies, including Brylaine of Boston, Delaine
Delaine
of Bourne and Hornsby's of Scunthorpe'[8] A Sustrans
Sustrans
cycle route runs from Lincoln to Boston in the south of the county.[9] Health care[edit] The United Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Hospitals NHS Trust[10] is one of the largest trusts in the country, employing almost 4,000 staff and with an annual budget of over £200 million. The north of the county is served by the Northern Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and Goole Hospital NHS Foundation Trust. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
shares the problems of elsewhere in the country when it comes to finding an NHS dentist, with waiting lists of eight months not uncommon. Some of the larger hospitals in the county include:

Diana Princess of Wales
Diana Princess of Wales
Hospital, Grimsby Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
General Hospital Boston Pilgrim Hospital Lincoln County Hospital

Since April 1994, Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
has had an Air Ambulance service.[11] The air ambulance is stationed at RAF Waddington
RAF Waddington
near Lincoln and can reach emergencies in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
within 25 minutes. An A&E hospital is only 10 minutes away by helicopter from any accident in Lincolnshire. Drainage[edit] Separately to the commercial water companies the low-lying parts of the county are drained by various internal drainage boards, such as the Black Sluice Internal Drainage Board,Witham 4th District IDB, Lindsey Marsh Drainage Board, or the Welland and Deepings Internal Drainage Board.[12] Housing[edit] Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is now the second fastest growing county in the UK with thousands of people moving there every year. Over the next two decades Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is set to grow both in population and economy with the help of the Government’s Growth Points strategy. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
has been awarded £13 million in funding to deliver sustainable development and intensive growth through sites of key regional significance. In essence, the target for Lincoln is 14,000 new homes and 12,000 new jobs by 2026 whilst the target for Grantham
Grantham
is an additional 3,200 homes by 2016 and at least 6,200 by 2026. This housing growth will be supported by the provision for 4,800 jobs by 2016. Towns and villages[edit] The non-metropolitan county of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
has no major urban areas, apart from the areas in and around Lincoln, Grantham
Grantham
and Boston and to a lesser degree around Spalding. However, the Skegness, Ingoldmells and Chapel St Leonards
Chapel St Leonards
areas (and to a lesser extent the Sutton-on-Sea and Mablethorpe
Mablethorpe
areas) along the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
coast are becoming increasingly urbanised, as people holiday at large caravan sites during the summer. These holidaymakers are not reflected in census or local population figures, though it is estimated that at the height of the summer months there are over 100,000 such residents in these coastal areas. This has an appreciable impact on the local infrastructure and amenities.

Map of civil parishes within Lincolnshire

Largest settlements in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
by population

Rank City/ Town District/Unitary Authority Population (2011 est.)

1 Lincoln Lincoln 7005119541000000000♠119,541

2 Grimsby North East Lincolnshire 7004882430000000000♠88,243

3 Scunthorpe North Lincolnshire 7004799770000000000♠79,977

4 Grantham South Kesteven 7004419980000000000♠41,998

5 Boston Boston 7004413400000000000♠41,340

6 Cleethorpes North East Lincolnshire 7004395050000000000♠39,505

7 Spalding South Holland 7004315880000000000♠31,588

8 Skegness East Lindsey 7004248760000000000♠24,876

9 Gainsborough West Lindsey 7004208420000000000♠20,842

10 Stamford South Kesteven 7004197010000000000♠19,701

For a more detailed list of the largest populated towns see the List of settlements in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
by population page. For a full list of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
towns and villages see the List of places in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
page. Coastal tourism[edit]

The centre of Skegness, showing the clock tower and the "Jolly Fisherman" sculpture/fountain.

Seafront and beach at Cleethorpes

Skegness
Skegness
seafront and Pier

Ingoldmells
Ingoldmells
beach

Beach Huts and Padding Pool at Sutton-on-Sea

Chapel St Leonards

The majority of tourism in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
relies on the coastal resorts and towns to the east of the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Wolds. The county has some of the best-known seaside resorts in the United Kingdom, which are a major attraction to visitors from across England, especially the East Midlands and parts of Yorkshire. There are three main coastal resorts in Lincolnshire, and several smaller village resorts. The main county seaside resort of Skegness
Skegness
with its famous Jolly Fisherman mascot and famous slogan " Skegness
Skegness
is so bracing", together with its neighbouring large village coastal resorts of Ingoldmells
Ingoldmells
and Chapel St Leonards, provides the biggest concentration of resorts along the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Coast, with many large caravan and holiday sites. The resort offers many amusements, beaches, leisure activities and shops, as well as Butlins Skegness, Fantasy Island, Church Farm Museum, Natureland Seal Sanctuary, Skegness
Skegness
Stadium, Skegness
Skegness
Pier and several well-known local golf courses. There are good road, bus and rail links to the rest of the county. The second largest group of resorts along the coast is the small seaside town of Mablethorpe, famous for its golden sands, and the neighbouring village resorts of Trusthorpe
Trusthorpe
and Sutton-on-Sea. This area also offers leisure activities, and has large caravan and holiday sites. But the area is less developed, with fewer amusement arcades and nightclubs, and poorer road links to the rest of the county; but the area offers a more traditional seaside setting. The rail service to these towns was axed in the Beeching cuts. The third group of resorts includes the seaside town of Cleethorpes and the large village resort of Humberston
Humberston
within North East Lincolnshire. It has Pleasure Island Family Theme Park, Cleethorpes Coast Light Railway and Cleethorpes
Cleethorpes
Pier along with its local golf courses and caravan and holiday sites. Cleethorpes
Cleethorpes
is well-served by road and rail; it is easily accessible from the M180 and the TransPennine Express
TransPennine Express
route to Manchester. Nature is an attraction for many tourists: the south east of the county is mainly fenland that attracts many species of birds, as do the nature reserves at Gibraltar Point, Saltfleetby
Saltfleetby
and Theddlethorpe. The reserve at Donna Nook
Donna Nook
also has a native seal colony popular with nature lovers. The market towns of the Lincolnshire Wolds
Lincolnshire Wolds
(Louth, Alford, Horncastle, Caistor
Caistor
and Spilsby) are also attractive, with several having historic links.[with what?] The Wolds are quite popular for cycling and walking, with regular events such as the Lincolnshire Wolds
Lincolnshire Wolds
Walking Festival. Culture[edit]

Lincoln Cathedral

A view up 'Steep Hill' towards the historic quarter of Bailgate in Lincoln

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
mobile library at Pode Hole. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
County Council operate five routes, covering small villages in this large, sparse, county. Each location is visited once a month.[13]

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is a rural area where the pace of life is generally much slower than in much of the United Kingdom. Sunday is still largely a day of rest, with only shops in Lincoln, larger market towns, and resorts and industrial towns of the North Sea
North Sea
coast generally remaining open. Some towns and villages in the county still observe half-day closing on Thursdays. Due to the large distances between the towns, many villages have remained very self-contained, with many still having shops, pubs, local halls and local chapels and churches, offering a variety of social activities for residents. Fishing (in the extensive river and drainage system in the fens) and shooting are popular activities. A lot of the culture in Lincoln itself is based upon its history. The Collection is an archaeological museum and art galley in Lincoln. Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
also plays a large part in Lincoln's culture, playing host to many events throughout the year, from concert recitals to indoor food markets. A Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
tradition was that front doors were used for only three things: a new baby, a bride, and a coffin.[14] People[edit] Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is relatively unusual in the composition of its population, being one of the least ethnically diverse counties of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(98.5% of the population describe themselves as "white"). Over recent years inward migration by people from ethnic minority communities has increased (particularly to population centres such as Lincoln and Boston) but the absolute number of non-white Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
residents remains very low. Recently, the county has also witnessed a growing trend towards immigration of retired people from other parts of the United Kingdom, particularly those from the southern counties of England
England
attracted by the generally lower property prices and the slower and more relaxed pace of life. The relatively high proportion of elderly and retired people is reflected in many of the services, activities and events. Sleaford
Sleaford
is considered one of the fastest-growing towns in the East Midlands, with many professional people moving there to benefit from the (relatively) low house prices and crime rate, and the selective education. Those born in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
are sometimes given the nickname of Yellowbellies (often spelt "Yeller Bellies", to reflect the pronunciation of the phrase by the typical Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
farmer). The origin of this term is debated, but is most commonly believed to derive from the uniform of the 10th Regiment of Foot
10th Regiment of Foot
(later the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Regiment) which featured yellow facings. For this reason, the coat of arms of Lincolnshire County Council
Lincolnshire County Council
is supported by two officers of the regiment.[15] Notable people[edit] Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
has many notable people associated with it, such as:

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

Captain John Smith

Sir Isaac Newton

Margaret Thatcher

John Wesley

Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Michael Foale

Sir Isaac Newton, celebrated mathematician, physicist, astronomer, Biblical theologist, alchemist, Warden and Master of the Royal Mint, the second Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, and President of the Royal Society. Margaret Thatcher, former Prime Minister Guthlac of Crowland Zack Knight Hereward the Wake Little Saint Hugh of Lincoln Hugh of Lincoln, Robert Grosseteste, Christopher Wordsworth
Christopher Wordsworth
and Edward King, Bishops of Lincoln Nicolaa de la Haye Lucy of Bolingbroke Aaron of Lincoln Berechiah de Nicole Eleanor of Castile Katherine Swynford Gilbert of Sempringham, Saint and Founder of the Gilbertine Order Henry IV of England William Byrd, composer William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, Chief Advisor to Queen Elizabeth I Havelok the Dane Sir John Franklin, Arctic explorer Joseph Banks, Botanist and plant collector Matthew Flinders, navigator and cartographer Halford Mackinder, geographer George Bass
George Bass
Explorer of Australia George Boole, mathematician Thomas Paine, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, who was appointed as a Grantham-based excise officer in December 1762. John Harrison, chronometer innovator William Stukeley, antiquarian Frank Bramley
Frank Bramley
and Peter De Wint, artists Herbert Ingram, journalist Alfred Lord Tennyson, Jean Ingelow, Anne Bradstreet, Elizabeth Jennings and Andreas Kalvos, poets Richard Foxe, bishop and founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford Anne Askew, Protestant martyr John Smyth, founder of the Baptist denomination John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury Robert Tighe, translator on the Committee for The King James Bible John Foxe, aAuthor of "Foxe's Book of Martyrs" John Cotton, Puritan John and Charles Wesley, founders of the Methodist
Methodist
movement Samuel Eyles Pierce, preacher Richard Watson, theologian and Methodist
Methodist
writer Thomas Scott, Bible commentator and co-founder of the Church Missionary Society Captain John Smith, leader of the settlement of Jamestown, Virginia, Madge Kendal
Madge Kendal
and Sybil Thorndike, actresses Arthur Lucan, part of the music hall act Old Mother Riley Frank Pick, railway administrator "The Acid Bath Murderer" John George Haigh Businesswoman and Welsh language translator Lady Charlotte Guest Inventor of Crucible Steel Benjamin Huntsman Tenor Alfred Piccaver Field Marshal William Robertson Founder of "The Samaritans" Chad Varah Industrialists Joseph Ruston
Joseph Ruston
and William Tritton R.A.F personnel Douglas Bader, Leslie Manser, Frank Whittle, Guy Gibson Victoria Cross recipients Charles Richard Sharpe, Harold Jackson (VC), Guy Gibson, Thomas Colclough Watson and Gonville Bromhead Medal of Honor recipient George Green (Medal of Honor) Founder of Royal College of Nursing
Royal College of Nursing
Sarah Swift Historian Francis Hill Archbishops of Canterbury Æthelhard, Stephen Langton
Stephen Langton
and John Whitgift Fashion Designer Charles Frederick Worth Hangman William Marwood Frontiersman George Davenport ballad composer and hymn writer Charlotte Alington Barnard Footballer Ted Savage Leaders of the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Rebellion Nicholas Melton and Rev.Thomas Kendall

Present day figures include

Actors Thomas Turgoose, Jim Broadbent, Jonathan Kerrigan, Neil McCarthy and John Alderton Actresses Patricia Hodge, Joan Plowright, Liz Smith, Kelly Adams and Sheridan Smith Actress and comedian Jennifer Saunders Singer and songwriter Ella Henderson Radio and TV presenter Nicholas Parsons Author of My Mad Fat Teenage Diary (the basis for the television show My Mad Fat Diary) Rae Earl Crime writer Colin Dexter Astronaut Michael Foale Songwriters Bernie Taupin
Bernie Taupin
and Rod Temperton Military historian and author Bruce Barrymore Halpenny Actor and comedian Robert Webb Musicians Jane Taylor and Neville Marriner Musician and composer Robert Wyatt Golfer Tony Jacklin Shotputter Geoff Capes Swimmers Paul Palmer, Kate Haywood and Brenda Fisher Footballers Lee Chapman, Ray Clemence, Chris Woods, and Paul Mayo Cricketer Luke Wright Fashion designer Antonio Berardi Glamour model Abi Titmuss Motorcycle racer and television presenter Guy Martin Business executive and wife of the Prime Minister, Samantha Cameron Newsreader and journalist Helen Fospero Television presenter and Children's Author Jason Bradbury YouTuber and inventor Colin Furze Drum and Bass Producer and DJ J-Wok

Local dialect[edit] In common with most other Northern and Midlands dialects in England, "flat" a is preferred, i.e. /bæθ/ over /bɑːθ/, and also traditionally in words like water, pronounced /ˈwætər/ watter (though such a pronunciation is rarely heard nowadays). Similarly, /ʌ/ is usually replaced by /ʊ/. Features rather more confined to Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
include:

Elaboration of standard English /eɪ/ or /iː/ into a complex triphthong approximating, and often transcribed -air- or -yair-. For example: "mate" [m(j)ɛːət]; "beast" [b(j)ɛːəst]; "tates" (potatoes) [t(j)ɛːəts]. An equivalent elaboration of standard English /oʊ/ – commonly [oː] in Northern England
England
– into -ooa-. For example, "boat" [bʊːət]. Insertion of an extra schwa into the standard English diphthong /aʊ/. Vocabulary: "duck" as a term of endearment or informal address, "mardy" meaning upset or angry, "mowt" (pronounced like mout) for might,"while" as a substitute for standard English "until", "frit" meaning frightened, "grufty" meaning dirty or disgusting, and the inimitable salutation "now then!?" (hello), sometimes written nairn to reflect pronunciation. In the north east of the county, around Grimsby
Grimsby
and Immingham, the nurse-square merger can be heard, as is also the case along the east coast of Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and also in Liverpool. Words that take /ɜː/ in RP take /ɛː/ in these areas.

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
has its own dialect "champion", a farmer from the village of Minting
Minting
called Farmer Wink (real name Robert Carlton), who has produced videos about rural life, narrated in his broad Lincolnshire accent, and has a regular slot on BBC
BBC
Radio Lincolnshire. A resident of Woodhall Spa
Woodhall Spa
has published a dictionary of words once prevalent in parts of the county.[16] Music[edit] Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
was historically associated with the Lincolnshire bagpipe, an instrument derided as a coarse and unpleasant instrument in contemporary literature, but noted as very popular in the county. The last player, John Hunsley of Middle Manton,[17] died in 1851,[18] and since then the instrument has been extinct. In 1937, Percy Grainger
Percy Grainger
wrote his Lincolnshire Posy for wind band. The piece is a compilation of folk songs "musical wildflowers" collected by the composer in and around the county of Lincolnshire.[citation needed] The Lincolnshire Poacher is a traditional English folk song associated with the county of Lincolnshire, and deals with the joys of poaching. It is considered to be the unofficial county anthem of Lincolnshire.[citation needed] Food[edit]

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
sausages.

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
has a number of local dishes:

Stuffed chine – this is salted neck-chine of a pig taken from between the shoulder blades, salted for up to ten months and stuffed with parsley (other ingredients are normally kept secret), and served cold.[19] Haslet – a type of pork loaf, also flavoured with sage (pronounced HAYSS-let or AYSS-let in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
but HAZ-let in many other parts of the country).[19] Lincolnshire sausages
Lincolnshire sausages
– most butchers in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
have their own secret recipe for these and a competition is held each year to judge the best sausages in the county. Traditional Lincolnshire sausages
Lincolnshire sausages
are made entirely from minced pork, stale bread crumb (rusk is used nowadays) pepper, sage and salt. The skins should be natural casings which are made from the intestines of either sheep or pig. Pork pies – the same pork butchers will take a pride in their unique recipe for pork pies. Giblet pie.[19] Mutton stuffed with oysters.[19] Plum bread – as with plum pudding, plum refers to dried fruit, namely currants, raisins and sultanas, sometimes soaked in tea. Grantham
Grantham
Gingerbread – a hard white ginger biscuit. Lincolnshire Poacher cheese
Lincolnshire Poacher cheese
– a cheddar-style cheese produced in Alford. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Poacher has won numerous awards over the years including Supreme Champion at the 1996/7 British Cheese Awards and Best British Cheese at the World Cheese awards in 2001/2. Batemans ales – a beer brewed in Wainfleet and served in many pubs in the county and further afield. There are several small breweries. Grimsby
Grimsby
is renowned for its fishing industry, and historically Grimsby Fish has carried a premium price. Since the decline of the fishing industry following entry to the European Economic Community in the 1970s this is no longer the case, with the majority of fish sold at the town's fish market being brought overland from other ports. However, Grimsby
Grimsby
Fish is still a recognised product, one associated with a particular area that specialises in and has expertise in a particular trade (cf Sheffield steel). In 2009 smoked fish from the town was granted Protected Geographical Indication
Protected Geographical Indication
by the European Union, reflecting the unique smoking methods used by certain local fish companies.[20]

Craft Chocolatiers can be found throughout[21][22][23] the county, such as Hansens[24] in Folkingham.[25] In 2013 Redstar Chocolate's Duffy's Venezuela Ocumare Milk won a Gold medal as best bean-to-bar.[26][27] The factory is in Cleethorpes.[28] Events[edit] Every year the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Agricultural Society, founded in 1869, stages the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Agricultural Show.[29] It is held on the Wednesday and Thursday of the last whole week of June at its showground at Grange de Lings, a few miles north of Lincoln on the A15. The show was first held here in 1958. First held around the year 1884, it is one of the largest agricultural shows in the country, and is attended by around 100,000 people over its two days. The showground is in regular use throughout the year for a wide range of other events and functions. Smaller local agricultural shows, such as the Heckington
Heckington
Show[30] can still be found. Corby Glen
Corby Glen
sheep fair[31] has been held since 1238.

The Red Arrows, based at RAF Scampton
RAF Scampton
near Lincoln[32] are a popular attraction at the Waddington Air Show

Each year RAF Waddington
RAF Waddington
is the home to the RAF International Waddington Air Show. The two-day event attracts around 150,000 people and usually takes place during the first weekend of July. Since its inception over 35 countries have participated, with aircraft from around the globe attending the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Base. Beginning 2017, the event will be held at nearby RAF Scampton. On the Monday before Easter, an unusual auction takes place in Bourne to let the grazing rights of the Whitebread Meadow.[33] Bidding takes place while two boys race toward the Queen's Bridge in Eastgate, the end of which dash is equivalent to the falling of the gavel. The whole affair dates back to the 1742 will of William Clay. The Haxey Hood
Haxey Hood
village competition takes place every January, as it has for over 700 years. Stamford's Mid-Lent fair sees showmen converge on the town the week after Mothering Sunday, with rides and sideshows filling Broad Street, the Sheepmarket and the Meadows for a week. Stalls selling Grantham gingerbread and nougat are a traditional feature. The following week sees them in Grantham, on the way north for the Summer. Roger Tuby brings a small funfair to Bourne and then to Spalding in Spring and returns in Autumn at the end of the season. The villages of Tetford
Tetford
and Salmonby
Salmonby
hold an annual Scarecrow Festival in May every year. The Belchford
Belchford
Downhill Challenge which is held every two years: soapbox racers race down the hill at up to 30 km/h. The turnout has been up to 1,000. In recent years Lincoln Christmas Market, a street market throughout historic area of the city, has been held at the start of December. Around the same time Christmas lights are turned on in Bourne, Sleaford, Skegness, and other towns. Throughout the summer the Stamford Shakespeare Company[34] presents the Bard's plays in the open-air theatre at Tolethorpe Hall, which is actually in Rutland. The Spalding Flower Parade is held in late spring every year. Colourful floats decorated with tulip heads compete for a cup. The tradition was started in 1959 and draws coach tours from across Britain. Sport[edit]

The Gold Victorian-style Penfold post box in Lincoln painted in recognition of Paralympian Sophie Wells
Sophie Wells
who won the gold medal in the team Equestrian event at the 2012 Paralympic Games
2012 Paralympic Games
in London. It is the only post box painted gold within the county

The main sports played in the county are football, cricket and rugby union. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
does not have a high sporting profile, mainly due to the lack of facilities and high-profile football teams. Probably the most well known sporting venues in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
are Cadwell Park near Louth, where a round of the British Motorbike Championship is held on the last Monday of August every year and the racecourse at Market Rasen

Three teams from Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
play in the Football League: Scunthorpe United play in Football League
Football League
One, while Lincoln City and Grimsby Town play in Football League
Football League
Two. In non-league football Boston United and Gainsborough Trinity play in the Football Conference North. In cricket Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
are a minor county and play in the Minor Counties Championship.[35] In hockey Lindum Hockey
Hockey
Club play in the north of Lincoln. Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Rugby Club are the most notable rugby union team from Lincolnshire, and will play in the fifth level of the English league system in the 2017-18 season. Other notable teams include Market Rasen and Louth RUFC, Lincoln RFC, and Boston Rugby Club. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is home to one racecourse, at Market Rasen. Cadwell Park
Cadwell Park
is the only motor-racing course in Lincolnshire. There is a speedway track in Scunthorpe, home of the Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Scorpions, and stock-car racing at a stadium at Orby, near Skegness. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
has an American Football
American Football
club, the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Bombers, which has existed in its current guise since 2005. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is home to the UK roller derby team, the Lincolnshire Bombers Roller Girls, which is sponsored by Motörhead.[36]

Symbols[edit]

The Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
flag

The Lincoln Imp
Lincoln Imp
high above the choir on the southern side of Lincoln Cathedral

The unofficial anthem of the county is the traditional folk song, "The Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Poacher", which dates from around 1776. A version of the song was the theme for BBC Radio Lincolnshire
BBC Radio Lincolnshire
for many years. According to a 2002 marketing campaign by the charity Plantlife, the county flower of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is the Common Dog-violet. In August 2005, BBC Radio Lincolnshire
BBC Radio Lincolnshire
and Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Life magazine launched a vote for a flag to represent the county. Six competing designs were voted upon by locals. The winning submission was unveiled in October 2005.[37][38] Lincoln has its own flag – St George's flag with a Fleur-de-Lys. The Lincoln Imp
Lincoln Imp
has symbolised cathedral, city, and county for many years.[39][40] In 2006 it was replaced as the brand of Lincolnshire County Council by the stylised version seen on the header here [2] which has lost even the unique pose of the carving. Press[edit] The county is home to one daily newspaper, the Grimsby
Grimsby
Telegraph which as the name suggests, is published in the town and whose circulation area ostensibly covers North East Lincolnshire, although it reaches as far south as Louth and Alford and as west as Brigg. There are two further weekly papers which used to be published daily until 2011; the Lincolnshire Echo
Lincolnshire Echo
is published weekly from Lincoln and covers the majority of the county reaching as far north as Louth, and the Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Telegraph which covers northern Lincolnshire. All three are ultimately owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust. There are also a number of weekly papers serving individual towns published in the county by Johnston Press. One of these, the Stamford Mercury claims to be Britain's oldest newspaper, although it is now a typical local weekly and no longer covers stories from the whole East Midlands as the archived copies did. Television[edit] With the exception of a small area to the south west of the county,[41] Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is served from the Belmont transmitter,[42] receiving programmes from ITV Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and BBC One
BBC One
Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
regions. The BBC
BBC
has, since 2003, provided the area with its twelfth regional service: BBC
BBC
Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and Lincolnshire, carrying a local "Look North" news programme from the main studio in Hull, with input from other studios in Lincoln and Grimsby. ITV Yorkshire
Yorkshire
provides coverage through its evening news programme "Calendar". Until late 2008 the station provided a separate edition for the Belmont transmitter (although it was still broadcast from Leeds). From January 2009 the area is now covered by a programme that covers the entire ITV Yorkshire
Yorkshire
region. From 1959 to July 1974 ITV programmes were provided by Anglia Television (although some coverage could be received from the Manchester-based Granada and ABC Weekend). Based in Norwich
Norwich
the company had news offices in Grimsby.[43] Following a transmitter change ITV services were provided by Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Television. This company kept open the offices in Grimsby
Grimsby
and opened further facilities in Lincoln, although both of these closed in the mid-1990s. South-west Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
receives BBC
BBC
East Midlands
East Midlands
and ITV Central which are broadcast from the Waltham-on-the-Wolds Transmitting Station. Although subject to co-channel interference from the Waltham transmitter, a small number of households in the southern tip of the county[44] are able to receive regional programming from BBC
BBC
East and ITV Anglia. Many villages just west of the Lincoln Edge cannot get a signal from Belmont due to shadowing and instead get their TV from Emley Moor near Huddersfield. Radio[edit] The area is covered by several local radio stations including:

Lincoln City Radio The only radio station dedicated to the over-50's in the City of Lincoln and the surrounding villages. BBC
BBC
Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Can be heard throughout historic Lincolnshire although its broadcast remit is the present county of Lincolnshire BBC
BBC
Radio Humberside
Humberside
The counties of northern Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
that were formerly known as South Humberside Boundary Sound Newark (closed 2011) Compass FM
Compass FM
Grimsby, Cleethorpes
Cleethorpes
and Immingham Heart Peterborough
Peterborough
and South Lincolnshire Lincs FM
Lincs FM
Historic Lincolnshire Gravity FM Grantham Siren FM
Siren FM
Lincoln Endeavour FM (formerly Stump Radio) Boston Endeavour Radio Boston Tulip Radio Spalding and South Holland Viking FM
Viking FM
Northern Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and the East Yorkshire, formerly the constituent areas of Humberside

Military[edit]

Typhoon FGR4 aircraft, based at RAF Coningsby.

Air[edit] Main article: Royal Air Force Because of its flat geography and low population density, Lincolnshire is an ideal place for airfields, and the Air Ministry
Air Ministry
built prolifically in the county since the turn of the 20th century, hosting nearly seventy separate air bases. Since the end of the Second World War most of these airfields or stations were decommissioned, but the RAF retains a significant footprint in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
for the modern-day air defences of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and aircrew training. For more information on former bases, see List of former RAF stations. Two major front-line bases located in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
include: RAF Coningsby, which is one of only two RAF Quick Reaction Alert
Quick Reaction Alert
(QRA) Stations in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and home to the Eurofighter Typhoon
Eurofighter Typhoon
jet fighters; and RAF Waddington, where most of the RAF's Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance aircraft are based. Other stations in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
include RAF Cranwell, home to all Air Force Basic Officer Training for the Royal Air Force; RAF Scampton, home base to the Red Arrows
Red Arrows
Aerobatic Team and former base of the Avro Vulcan
Avro Vulcan
nuclear strike V bomber-force; RAF Barkston Heath, a training airfield; and minor bases such as RAF Kirton in Lindsey, RAF Donna Nook
Donna Nook
and RAF Digby. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is also home to two active RAF and NATO-allied bombing air weapons training ranges, located along The Wash
The Wash
and north Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
coastline— RAF Holbeach
RAF Holbeach
active since 1926 (originally part of the former RAF Sutton Bridge
Sutton Bridge
station) and Donna Nook, RAF Wainfleet decommissioned in 2010. Army[edit] The Army runs Sobraon Barracks, home of 160 (Lincoln) Squadron, Royal Logistic Corps (RLC), as well as Prince William of Gloucester Barracks, Grantham, home to some of the RLC's Phase 2 training. In November 2016 the Ministry of Defence announced that the Grantham
Grantham
site would close in 2020.[45] Places of interest[edit]

Key

Abbey/Priory/Cathedral

Accessible open space

Amusement/Theme Park

Castle

Country Park

English Heritage

Forestry Commission

Heritage railway

Historic House

Museum (free/not free)

National Trust

Theatre

Zoo

Alford Manor House
Alford Manor House
Alford Windmill Alkborough Turf Maze Ayscoughfee Hall
Ayscoughfee Hall
Bardney Limewoods Baldocks Mill Belmont Mast (tallest construction in the European Union)[citation needed] Belton House
Belton House
Bolingbroke Castle
Bolingbroke Castle
Boston Stump Bourne Abbey
Bourne Abbey
Boultham Park
Boultham Park
Branston Hall
Branston Hall
Burghley House
Burghley House
Church Farm Museum, Skegness
Skegness
Crowland Abbey
Crowland Abbey
Cogglesford Mill
Cogglesford Mill
Dambusters Inn and Heritage Centre Doddington Hall Dogdyke Engine
Dogdyke Engine
Donna Nook Dunston Pillar East Lighthouse, Sutton Bridge Ellis Mill (windmill) Fantasy Island, Ingoldmells
Ingoldmells
Gainsborough Old Hall
Gainsborough Old Hall
Gainsthorpe
Gainsthorpe
Deserted Medieval Village Gibraltar Point Gordon Boswell Romany Museum Grantham
Grantham
Museum Grimsby
Grimsby
Dock Tower Grimsthorpe Castle
Grimsthorpe Castle
Gunby Hall
Gunby Hall
Hartsholme Country Park
Hartsholme Country Park
Harlaxton Manor
Harlaxton Manor
Heckington
Heckington
Windmill Hubbard's Hills, Louth Kesteven Forest Lincoln Arboretum
Lincoln Arboretum
Lincoln Castle
Lincoln Castle
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincolnshire Aviation Heritage Centre
Lincolnshire Aviation Heritage Centre
Lincolnshire's coastal grazing marshes Lincolnshire Wolds
Lincolnshire Wolds
Railway Maud Foster Windmill, Skirbeck, Boston Metheringham Windmill Mount Pleasant Mill, Kirton in Lindsey Mrs Smith's Cottage, Navenby
Navenby
National Fishing Heritage Centre
National Fishing Heritage Centre
Natureland Seal Sanctuary New Theatre Royal Lincoln Normanby Hall
Normanby Hall
Pelham's Pillar Pinchbeck Engine
Pinchbeck Engine
and museum of land drainage River Ancholme Snipe Dales
Snipe Dales
St. James Church, Louth
St. James Church, Louth
St. Peter's Church, Barton upon Humber
Humber
Sibsey
Sibsey
Trader Mill Somerton Castle Stamford Museum
Stamford Museum
Stow Minster Tattershall Castle Tattershall College
Tattershall College
The Collection (The Usher Art Gallery) The Humber
Humber
Bridge Lincolnshire Wolds
Lincolnshire Wolds
Museum of Lincolnshire Life
Museum of Lincolnshire Life
The South Common, Lincoln The Wash The West Common, Lincoln Thornton Abbey
Thornton Abbey
Waltham Windmill Whisby Nature Park Woolsthorpe Manor
Woolsthorpe Manor

See also[edit]

Geography portal Europe portal United Kingdom
United Kingdom
portal England
England
portal Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
portal

Outline of England Custos Rotulorum of Lincolnshire – List of Keepers of the Rolls for Lincolnshire Earl of Lincoln
Earl of Lincoln
is a title that has been created eight times in the Peerage of England
England
and is currently represented. High Sheriff of Lincolnshire Lincolnshire (UK Parliament constituency) List of MPs for the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
constituency Lincs Wind Farm Lists

List of bridges and viaducts in Lincolnshire List of Churches in Lincolnshire List of Civil Parishes in Lincolnshire List of Companies in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
– Both current and former List of Forests and Woodland in Lincolnshire List of Monastic Houses in Lincolnshire List of Museums in Lincolnshire List of Parliamentary Constituencies in Lincolnshire List of Places in Lincolnshire List of Public Art in Lincolnshire List of Roman Sites in Lincolnshire List of Schools in Lincolnshire List of Watermills in Lincolnshire List of Waterways in Lincolnshire List of Windmills in Lincolnshire

Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire Stamford Senior Youth Theatre 1185 East Midlands
East Midlands
earthquake

References[edit]

^ " Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
County Council". Thebythams.org.uk. 24 October 2005. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ " Potato Council Sutton Bridge
Sutton Bridge
Crop Storage Research (CSR) facility". Potato.org.uk. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2013.  ^ " Grantham
Grantham
Journal".  ^ "UPDATED: Fenland Foods workers to protest – Features". Grantham Journal. 13 May 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ "Why did voters turn to Ukip in parts of true blue Lincolnshire?". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 July 2013.  ^ "What's next for 'UKIP Lincolnshire' after name change debacle..." Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Echo.  ^ "Town centres data from 2000". Archived from the original on 9 March 2005. Retrieved 2 April 2013.  ^ "Home". Hornsbytravel.co.uk. Retrieved 2 April 2013.  ^ " Sustrans
Sustrans
Lincolnshire". Sustrans.org.uk. Archived from the original on 8 March 2013. Retrieved 2 April 2013.  ^ " United Lincolnshire Hospitals NHS Trust Website – Home". Ulh.nhs.uk. Retrieved 2 April 2013.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 May 2004. Retrieved 6 February 2016.  ^ Map of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
IDBs Archived 22 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Mobile Libraries". Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
County Council. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2013. Wherever you live in Lincolnshire, whether in the countryside of the Wolds or Fens, the Coastal area or even on the edge of a town, a Mobile Library will stop nearby.  ^ " Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Sayings and Traditions". Rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2 April 2013.  ^ "Civic Heraldry visited 22 December 2006". Civicheraldry.co.uk. Retrieved 2 April 2013.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ Binnall, P.B.B., "A Man of Might" in FOLKLORE Vol.52, p.73, 1941 ^ Binnall, P.B.G. "A Man of Might", in FOLKLORE Vol.52, p.74, 1941 ^ a b c d "Lincolnshire's Dishes". Portsmouth Evening News. 5 November 1937. Retrieved 15 February 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ Elliott, Valerie (17 November 2009). "Traditional Grimsby
Grimsby
Smoked Fish is granted European PGI status". The Times. London.  ^ "Chocolatier in Louth". Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ Bingham, Caroline (November 2012). "Chocolatier in Willingham". Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Life. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "chocolatier in Skegness". Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "Hansen's chocolate house". Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "Hansen's Chocolate House, Folkingham, Lincolnshire". Explore Lincolnshire. Archived from the original on 25 January 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "Best Milk Chocolate Bean-To-Bar". 2013 awards. Academy of Chocolate. Archived from the original on 4 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ Williams, Holly (7 July 2013). "Best of British". Independent. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "Red Star Chocolate". Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Events Centre". Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Showground. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ "The Largest Village Show in England". Heckingtonshow.org.uk. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ " Corby Glen
Corby Glen
Sheep Fair Gallery". Corbyglen.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ "RAF Red Arrows
Red Arrows
– Home". Raf.mod.uk. 11 January 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ "The White Bread Meadow". Homepages.which.net. Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ "Stamford Shakespeare Company". Stamfordshakespeare.co.uk. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ Play-Sport New Media (13 June 2002). "Play- Cricket
Cricket
the ECB Cricket Network". Lincscb.play-cricket.com. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ "Now sponsored by MOTÖRHEAD! – Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Bombers:". Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Bombers' News forum. 1 April 2009. Archived from the original on 14 May 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2010.  ^ "New county flag design unveiled". BBC
BBC
News. 24 October 2005. Retrieved 15 February 2010.  ^ " Lincolnshire flag
Lincolnshire flag
at the self-appointed flag registry".  ^ Santos, Cory (19 April 2013). "Tracking the mysterious origins of the Lincoln Imp". The Lincolnite. Retrieved 7 July 2013. the imp has come to represent Lincoln as its mischievous mascot.  ^ Williams, Phil (16 December 2011). "A History of the Lincoln Imp". Lincoln Cathedral. Archived from the original on 28 May 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2013. Lincoln's imp is a well known emblem of the Cathedral and the city, to the extent it has been adopted as the symbol of Lincoln  ^ Map of area Archived 11 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine. served by the Waltham UHF analogue TV transmitter ^ Map of area Archived 9 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine. served by the Belmont UHF TV transmitter ^ ITV 1968 – A Guide to Independent Television, Independent Television Authority, London, 1967, page 175 ^ Map of area Archived 4 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine. served by the Sandy Heath UHF analogue TV transmitter ^ "A Better Defence Estate" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016. 

Foster, C. W.; Longley, Thomas, eds. (1924). The Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Domesday and Lindsey Survey. Annual works of the society. 19. Horncastle: Lincoln Record Society. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lincolnshire.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lincolnshire.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Lincolnshire.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the Encyclopaedia Britannica
Encyclopaedia Britannica
(9th ed.) article Lincoln.

Lincolnshire County Council
Lincolnshire County Council
website Lincs FM
Lincs FM
website Visitlincolnshire.com Lindcolne Skipfierde: Lincolnshire's Anglo-Saxon, Viking and Norman re-enactment and living history group Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Show official website Pathe newsreel of motor tractors at 1919 agricultural show, thought to be Lincoln show Images of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
at the English Heritage
English Heritage
Archive

Neighbouring counties

South Yorkshire East Riding of Yorkshire North Sea

Nottinghamshire

Lincolnshire

North Sea The Wash

Leicestershire Rutland, Northamptonshire, Cambridgeshire Norfolk

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Ceremonial county of Lincolnshire

England
England
Portal

Unitary authorities

North East Lincolnshire North Lincolnshire

Boroughs or districts

Boston East Lindsey Lincoln North Kesteven South Holland South Kesteven West Lindsey

Major settlements

Alford Barton-upon-Humber Boston Bottesford Bourne Brigg Broughton Burgh-le-Marsh Caistor Cleethorpes Crowland Crowle Epworth Gainsborough Grantham Grimsby Holbeach Horncastle Immingham Kirton-in-Lindsey Lincoln Long Sutton Louth Mablethorpe Market Deeping Market Rasen North Hykeham Scunthorpe Skegness Sleaford Spalding Spilsby Stamford Wainfleet All Saints Winterton Wragby See also: List of civil parishes in Lincolnshire

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