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Lincoln Portrait (also known as A Lincoln Portrait) is a classical orchestral work written by the American composer Aaron Copland. The work involves a full orchestra, with particular emphasis on the brass section at climactic moments. The work is narrated with the reading of excerpts of Abraham Lincoln's great documents, including the Gettysburg Address. An orchestra usually invites a prominent person to be the narrator.

Contents

1 History 2 Texts 3 Instrumentation 4 Famous narrators 5 Popular culture 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

"Lincoln Portrait"

A 23 second sample of Lincoln Portrait demonstrating the narration of Lincoln's documents along with the prominence of brass instruments for dramatic emphasis.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Copland was asked to write a musical portrait of an "eminent American" by the conductor Andre Kostelanetz. Copland used material from speeches and letters of Lincoln and quoted original folk songs of the period, including "Camptown Races" and "Springfield Mountain".[1] Copland finished Lincoln Portrait in April 1942. The first performance was by the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
Orchestra
on 14 May 1942, with William Adams as the narrator.[2] Texts[edit] Together with some descriptive comments on Lincoln ("Abe Lincoln was a quiet and a melancholy man"), the work contains the following excerpts from his speeches:

Fellow citizens, we cannot escape history. We of this congress and this administration will be remembered in spite of ourselves. No personal significance or insignificance can spare one or another of us. The fiery trial through which we pass will light us down in honor or dishonor to the latest generation. We, even we here, hold the power and bear the responsibility. (Annual Message to Congress [since the twentieth century, State of the Union], December 1, 1862) The dogmas of the quiet past are inadequate to the stormy present. The occasion is piled high with difficulty and we must rise with the occasion. As our case is new, so we must think anew and act anew. We must disenthrall ourselves and then we shall save our country. (Annual Message to Congress, December 1, 1862) It is the eternal struggle between two principles, right and wrong, throughout the world. It is the same spirit that says 'you toil and work and earn bread, and I'll eat it.' No matter in what shape it comes, whether from the mouth of a king who seeks to bestride the people of his own nation, and live by the fruit of their labor, or from one race of men as an apology for enslaving another race, it is the same tyrannical principle. (Lincoln-Douglas debates, October 15, 1858) As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy. Whatever differs from this, to the extent of the difference, is no democracy. (Unknown, though in Lincoln's Collected Works) That from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion. That we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain. That this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth. (Gettysburg Address)

Instrumentation[edit] Lincoln Portrait is scored for speaker and orchestra:

2 flutes (doubling 2 piccolos) 2 oboes English horn (optional) 2 clarinets in B-flat bass clarinet 2 bassoons contrabassoon (optional) 4 horns 3 trumpets in B-flat (two required; one optional) 3 trombones tuba timpani snare drum cymbals bass drum tamtam glockenspiel sleigh bells xylophone celesta (optional) harp strings

Famous narrators[edit] Famous narrators of Lincoln Portrait have included:

Neil Armstrong, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra, conducted by Erich Kunzel, both times at Riverbend Music Center (1984 and 2009) Marian Anderson, Philadelphia Orchestra, conducted by Seiji Ozawa
Seiji Ozawa
and Aaron Copland, both times at Saratoga Springs (1966 and 1977) Alec Baldwin, Philadelphia Orchestra
Orchestra
2009[3] Richard Butler (Governor of Tasmania), Sydney Symphony Orchestra President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
with the Arkansas Symphony, conducted by David Itkin. March 2003; recorded March 2003. Judy Collins from the album "Portrait of an American Girl" (2005) Aaron Copland, National Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Leonard Bernstein. 14 November 1980 - 80th Birthday concert Peter Coyote, Symphony Napa Valley, 29 March 2015. Walter Cronkite, U.S. Air Force Symphony Orchestra Charles Dance, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Louis Langrée, at Royal Albert Hall for the BBC Proms London, England, 2017 Clifton Davis, Jacksonville Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Fabio Mechetti, at Times-Union Center for the Performing Arts
Times-Union Center for the Performing Arts
Florida, USA, 2009 Richard DeVos, Grand Rapids Symphony, conducted by David Lockington. 2000. Melvyn Douglas, Boston Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Serge Koussevitzky. Recorded by RCA Victor
RCA Victor
7 February 1946. Hugh Downs
Hugh Downs
at the age of 91 with the Phoenix Symphony, conducted by Michael Christie, for the Centennial Celebration of the State of Arizona, February 2012 Sergeant Major Michael R. Dudley, Boston Pops Orchestra, Memorial Day, 2000, and The United States
United States
Army Band (Pershing's Own) Washington,DC, April 16, 2004 Julius Erving, Philadelphia Orchestra, 1991 Frankie Faison, Montclair State University Orchestra, Spring 2000 Henry Fonda, London Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Aaron Copland, at Walthamstow
Walthamstow
London, 1968[4] Danny Glover, Appleton West High School Wind Ensemble, Fox Cities PAC, December 2002 The Reverend Professor Peter J. Gomes, Boston Symphony Orchestra, July 2009 Vice President Al Gore, New York Philharmonic Washington State Governor Chris Gregoire, Seattle Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Adam Stern Tom Hanks, U.S. Armed Forces Symphony, at the We Are One celebration, 18 January 2009[5] Katharine Hepburn, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
Orchestra
conducted by Erich Kunzel (1988 Grammy Award nominee) Charlton Heston, Utah Symphony Orchestra[6] Samuel L. Jackson, Orchestra
Orchestra
of St. Luke's conducted by James Levine James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
has performed the piece several times, including with the Seattle Symphony Orchestra,[7] San Francisco Symphony, and at the Chicago Symphony Orchestra's Lincoln Bicentennial Celebration in February 2009, as well as with the Arkansas Symphony Orchestra
Orchestra
(David Itkin, conductor), February 1999. Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, Symphony by the Sea, at the Newburyport Yankee Homecoming, 29 July 2006[8] Ambassador Douglas W. Kmiec, United States
United States
Ambassador to Malta, July 4, 2010 Celebration of our "common humanity" and "self evident truth," Upper Barrakka Gardens, Valletta, Malta. George McGovern, South Dakota Symphony Orchestra, October 2012 in his last public appearance before his death[9] Walter Mondale, Minnesota Orchestra Robert A. Muh, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Boston Pops, conducted by Keith Lockhart, 4 June 2009 Paul Newman, St. Louis Symphony Orchestra[10] President Barack Obama, Chicago Symphony Orchestra[11] Gregory Peck, Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
Orchestra[12] Vincent Price, Yale Symphony Orchestra, Leif Bjaland conductor Esther Rolle Mario Ruffini, Philadelphia All City Orchestra
Orchestra
conducted by Dan Liuzzi, Florence, Piazza della Signoria, Loggia dei Lanzi, 27 giugno 2015 / World premiere in the Italian version / FOG-Festival Orchestre Giovanili Carl Sandburg, New York Philharmonic, conducted by Andre Kostelanetz, 1959. Sandburg's narration won a Grammy Award in 1960. Norman Schwarzkopf, St. Louis Symphony Orchestra[6] Willie Stargell, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, September 2000 Adlai Stevenson, Philadelphia Orchestra,[4] conducted by Eugene Ormandy (and recorded by Columbia Records) Juana Sujo with the Venezuela Symphony Orchestra
Orchestra
conducted by Aaron Copland, Caracas, March 28, 1957 George Takei
George Takei
with the Honolulu Symphony conducted by Samuel Wong, November 2004;[13] also upcoming with the Oregon Symphony
Oregon Symphony
conducted by Carlos Kalmar, September 16, 2017[14] James Taylor
James Taylor
with the Los Angeles Philharmonic, conducted by John Williams Margaret Thatcher, London Symphony Orchestra[15] Gore Vidal, Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
Orchestra, conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas, at Hollywood Bowl, 2 August 2007 William Warfield, several orchestras and conductors. Warfield's narration won a Grammy Award in 1984. L. Douglas Wilder, with the Virginia Commonwealth University Wind Ensemble, conducted by Dr. Terry Austin Frank J. Williams, Rhode Island Philharmonic, February 2009[16] Vin Scully
Vin Scully
LA Philharmonic, July 13, 2017 at Hollywood Bowl http://www.latimes.com/sports/mlb/la-sp-scully-dodgers-lincoln-hollywood-bowl-20170613-story.html

Popular culture[edit]

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The composition was lampooned by Peter Schickele ("P. D. Q. Bach") in his piece Bach Portrait on the album 1712 Overture and Other Musical Assaults. Another parody, "A Quayle Portrait" by Jeff Ehrhart, features quotes from former U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle.[17] Nine minutes of the composition, without narration (from a late 1960s recording by the London Symphony Orchestra), plays during the climactic one-on-one sequence between Jake and Jesus Shuttlesworth (played by Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
and Ray Allen) in the 1998 Spike Lee film, He Got Game. In the film, Jesus Shuttlesworth is a student at Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
High School in Brooklyn. References[edit]

^ "Lincoln Portrait, Boosey & Hawkes catalogue". Boosey.com. Retrieved 2011-08-17.  ^ Pollack, Howard (2000). Aaron Copland: the life and work of an uncommon man. University of Illinois Press. p. 357.  ^ "The Philadelphia Orchestra". Philorch.org. 2008-08-11. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2011-08-17.  ^ a b "'LINCOLN PORTRAIT'; Other Voices". The New York Times. August 8, 1993.  ^ "The Field: Isn't This a Time: Live-Blogging Sunday's Inaugural Concert". Narcosphere.narconews.com. Retrieved 2011-08-17.  ^ a b "COPLAND, GOULD: Heston [RB]: Classical CD Reviews- May 2001 MusicWeb(UK)". Musicweb-international.com. Retrieved 2011-08-17.  ^ "Portraits Of Freedom: Music of Aaron Copland
Aaron Copland
and Roy Harris: Aaron Copland, Roy Harris, Gerard Schwarz, Seattle Symphony Orchestra, James Earl Jones, Seattle Chora". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2011-08-17.  ^ "Edward M. Kennedy". Tedkennedy.com. Archived from the original on 2008-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-17.  ^ " George McGovern
George McGovern
no longer responsive". UPI. October 17, 2012.  ^ " Paul Newman
Paul Newman
Narrates 'Lincoln Portrait'". NPR. 2005-08-09. Retrieved 2011-08-17.  ^ For Immediate Release: Archived December 15, 2005, at the Wayback Machine. ^ N. Paglinauan. "Performance Today - 'A Lincoln Portrait'". NPR. Retrieved 2011-08-17.  ^ Joyce, DeFrancesco. "Star Trek Star George Takei
George Takei
to Host Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra's 'Sci-Fi Spectacular' PNC Pops Concert in November". PSO Blog. Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra. Retrieved 17 May 2017.  ^ "Opening Night with George Takei". Oregon Symphony. Retrieved 17 May 2017.  ^ Ross, Alex (February 16, 1993). "Classical Music in Review". The New York Times.  ^ Channing GrayJournal Arts Writer (2009-03-01). "Warmth and soul in R.I. Philharmonic's 'history lesson' Music projo.com The Providence Journal". projo.com. Retrieved 2011-08-17.  ^ Mad Music Productions, LLC. "A Quayle Portrait". [self-published source]

External links[edit]

NPR interview and broadcast of Lincoln Portrait—contains the original text for the narration. CarlSandburg.net: A Research Website for Sandburg Studies Video - Aaron Copland
Aaron Copland
- Lincoln Portrait (12:28).

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Clarinet
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Incidental and film music

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Related articles

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Aaron Copland
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List of compositions by Aaron Copland Category:Compositions by Aaron Copland

v t e

Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album

1959−1980

Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
– The Best of the Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
Shows (1959) Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg
Lincoln Portrait (1960) Robert Bialek (producer) – FDR Speaks (1961) Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
– Humor in Music (1962) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
– The Story-Teller: A Session With Charles Laughton (1963) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(playwright) – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
(1964) That Was the Week That Was
That Was the Week That Was
– BBC Tribute to John F. Kennedy (1965) Goddard Lieberson
Goddard Lieberson
(producer) – John F. Kennedy - As We Remember Him (1966) Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
- A Reporter Remembers, Vol. I The War Years (1967) Everett Dirksen
Everett Dirksen
– Gallant Men (1968) Rod McKuen
Rod McKuen
– Lonesome Cities (1969) Art Linkletter
Art Linkletter
& Diane Linkletter – We Love You Call Collect (1970) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
– Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam (1971) Les Crane
Les Crane
– Desiderata (1972) Bruce Botnick (producer) – Lenny performed by the original Broadway cast (1973) Richard Harris
Richard Harris
Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1974) Peter Cook
Peter Cook
and Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
– Good Evening (1975) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
(1976) Henry Fonda, Helen Hayes, James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
- Great American Documents (1977) Julie Harris – The Belle of Amherst
The Belle of Amherst
(1978) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1979) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
– Ages of Man - Readings From Shakespeare
Shakespeare
(1980)

1981−2000

Pat Carroll – Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein
Gertrude Stein
(1981) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Donovan's Brain
Donovan's Brain
(1982) Tom Voegeli (producer) – Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark
- The Movie on Record performed by Various Artists (1983) William Warfield
William Warfield
Lincoln Portrait (1984) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
– The Words of Gandhi (1985) Mike Berniker (producer) & the original Broadway cast – Ma Rainey's Black Bottom (1986) Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chips Moman, Ricky Nelson, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins
Carl Perkins
and Sam Phillips
Sam Phillips
– Interviews From the Class of '55 Recording Sessions (1987) Garrison Keillor
Garrison Keillor
Lake Wobegon Days (1988) Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
– Speech by Rev. Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
(1989) Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
– It's Always Something (1990) George Burns
George Burns
– Gracie: A Love Story (1991) Ken Burns
Ken Burns
– The Civil War (1992) Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Robert O'Keefe – What You Can Do to Avoid AIDS (1993) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
On the Pulse of Morning
On the Pulse of Morning
(1994) Henry Rollins
Henry Rollins
– Get in the Van (1995) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
– Phenomenal Woman (1996) Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
It Takes a Village (1997) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
– Charles Kuralt's Spring (1998) Christopher Reeve
Christopher Reeve
Still Me
Still Me
(1999) LeVar Burton
LeVar Burton
– The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(2000)

2001−present

Sidney Poitier, Rick Harris & John Runnette (producers) – The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2001) Quincy Jones, Jeffrey S. Thomas, Steven Strassman (engineers) and Elisa Shokoff (producer) – Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones (2002) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
and Charles B. Potter (producer) – A Song Flung Up to Heaven / Robin Williams, Nathaniel Kunkel (engineer/mixer) and Peter Asher (producer) – Live 2002 (2003) Al Franken
Al Franken
and Paul Ruben (producer) – Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them (2004) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
– My Life (2005) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Dreams from My Father
Dreams from My Father
(2006) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis / Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
- With Ossie and Ruby (2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Jacob Bronstein (producer) – The Audacity of Hope (2008) Beau Bridges, Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
and Blair Underwood
Blair Underwood
– An Inconvenient Truth by Al Gore
Al Gore
(2009) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
– Always Looking Up (2010) Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
– The Daily Show with Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Presents Earth (The Audiobook) (2011) Betty White
Betty White
– If You Ask Me (And Of Course You Won't) (2012) Janis Ian
Janis Ian
– Society's Child (2013) Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
– America Again: Re-becoming The Greatness We Never Weren't (2014) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
– Diary of a Mad Diva (2015) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– A Full Life: Reflections at 90 (2016) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
– In Such Good Company: Eleven Years of Laughter, Mayhem, and Fun in the Sandbox (2017) Carrie Fisher
Carrie Fisher
The Princess Diarist
The Princess Diarist
(2018)

v t e

Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album

1959−1980

Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
– The Best of the Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
Shows (1959) Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg
Lincoln Portrait (1960) Robert Bialek (producer) – FDR Speaks (1961) Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
– Humor in Music (1962) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
– The Story-Teller: A Session With Charles Laughton (1963) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(playwright) – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
(1964) That Was the Week That Was
That Was the Week That Was
– BBC Tribute to John F. Kennedy (1965) Goddard Lieberson
Goddard Lieberson
(producer) – John F. Kennedy - As We Remember Him (1966) Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
- A Reporter Remembers, Vol. I The War Years (1967) Everett Dirksen
Everett Dirksen
– Gallant Men (1968) Rod McKuen
Rod McKuen
– Lonesome Cities (1969) Art Linkletter
Art Linkletter
& Diane Linkletter – We Love You Call Collect (1970) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
– Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam (1971) Les Crane
Les Crane
– Desiderata (1972) Bruce Botnick (producer) – Lenny performed by the original Broadway cast (1973) Richard Harris
Richard Harris
Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1974) Peter Cook
Peter Cook
and Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
– Good Evening (1975) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
(1976) Henry Fonda, Helen Hayes, James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
- Great American Documents (1977) Julie Harris – The Belle of Amherst
The Belle of Amherst
(1978) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1979) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
– Ages of Man - Readings From Shakespeare
Shakespeare
(1980)

1981−2000

Pat Carroll – Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein
Gertrude Stein
(1981) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Donovan's Brain
Donovan's Brain
(1982) Tom Voegeli (producer) – Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark
- The Movie on Record performed by Various Artists (1983) William Warfield
William Warfield
Lincoln Portrait (1984) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
– The Words of Gandhi (1985) Mike Berniker (producer) & the original Broadway cast – Ma Rainey's Black Bottom (1986) Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chips Moman, Ricky Nelson, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins
Carl Perkins
and Sam Phillips
Sam Phillips
– Interviews From the Class of '55 Recording Sessions (1987) Garrison Keillor
Garrison Keillor
Lake Wobegon Days (1988) Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
– Speech by Rev. Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
(1989) Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
– It's Always Something (1990) George Burns
George Burns
– Gracie: A Love Story (1991) Ken Burns
Ken Burns
– The Civil War (1992) Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Robert O'Keefe – What You Can Do to Avoid AIDS (1993) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
On the Pulse of Morning
On the Pulse of Morning
(1994) Henry Rollins
Henry Rollins
– Get in the Van (1995) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
– Phenomenal Woman (1996) Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
It Takes a Village (1997) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
– Charles Kuralt's Spring (1998) Christopher Reeve
Christopher Reeve
Still Me
Still Me
(1999) LeVar Burton
LeVar Burton
– The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(2000)

2001−present

Sidney Poitier, Rick Harris & John Runnette (producers) – The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2001) Quincy Jones, Jeffrey S. Thomas, Steven Strassman (engineers) and Elisa Shokoff (producer) – Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones (2002) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
and Charles B. Potter (producer) – A Song Flung Up to Heaven / Robin Williams, Nathaniel Kunkel (engineer/mixer) and Peter Asher (producer) – Live 2002 (2003) Al Franken
Al Franken
and Paul Ruben (producer) – Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them (2004) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
– My Life (2005) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Dreams from My Father
Dreams from My Father
(2006) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis / Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
- With Ossie and Ruby (2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Jacob Bronstein (producer) – The Audacity of Hope (2008) Beau Bridges, Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
and Blair Underwood
Blair Underwood
– An Inconvenient Truth by Al Gore
Al Gore
(2009) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
– Always Looking Up (2010) Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
– The Daily Show with Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Presents Earth (The Audiobook) (2011) Betty White
Betty White
– If You Ask Me (And Of Course You Won't) (2012) Janis Ian
Janis Ian
– Society's Child (2013) Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
– America Again: Re-becoming The Greatness We Never Weren't (2014) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
– Diary of a Mad Diva (2015) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– A Full Life: Reflections at 90 (2016) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
– In Such Good Company: Eleven Years of Laughter, Mayhem, and Fun in the Sandbox (2017) Carrie Fisher
Carrie Fisher
The Princess Diarist
The Princess Diarist
(2018)

v t e

Abraham Lincoln

16th President of the United States
United States
(1861–1865) U.S. Representative from Illinois (1847–1849)

Presidency

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(1858) Cooper Union Address (1860) Farewell Address (1861) First inaugural address (1861) Gettysburg Address
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(1863 event) Second inaugural address (1865)

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(son) Edward Baker Lincoln (son) William Wallace Lincoln
William Wallace Lincoln
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Abraham Lincoln
II (grandson) Jessie Lincoln (granddaughter) Thomas Lincoln
Thomas Lincoln
(father) Nancy Hanks Lincoln (mother) Sarah Bush Lincoln
Sarah Bush Lincoln
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Sarah Lincoln Grigsby
(sister) Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
(paternal grandfather) Mordecai Lincoln (paternal uncle) Mary Lincoln Crume (paternal aunt) John Hanks
John Hanks
(maternal cousin) Joseph Hanks
Joseph Hanks
(great-grandfather) Samuel Lincoln
Samuel Lincoln
(17th-century ancestor) Mary Lincoln Beckwith (great-granddaughter) Robert Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd Lincoln
Beckwith (great-grandson) Timothy Lincoln Beckwith (great-great-grandson) Old Bob
Old Bob
(horse)

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Andrew Johnson

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