Lincoln County, West Virginia
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Lincoln County is a
county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert Chambers (publisher bo ...
in the
U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a W ...
of
West Virginia West Virginia () is a U.S. state, state in the Appalachian region, Appalachian, Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern United States, Southeastern regions of the United States.The United States Census Bureau, Census Bureau ...
. As of the
2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
, the population was 21,720. Its
county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Hungary and the United States. County towns have a similar fu ...
is Hamlin. The county was created in 1867 and named for
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln (; February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government ...

Abraham Lincoln
. Lincoln County is part of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.


History

Lincoln County was created by an act of the
West Virginia Legislature The West Virginia Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of West Virginia. A bicameral legislative body, the legislature is split between the upper Senate and the lower House of Delegates. It was established under Article ...
on February 23, 1867, from parts of Boone, Cabell, Kanawha and Putnam counties. By 1869, the county had returned much of its Putnam County territory and absorbed the northern portion of
Logan CountyLogan County is the name of ten current counties and one former county in the United States: * Logan County, Arkansas * Logan County, Colorado * Logan County, Idaho (1889–1895) * Logan County, Illinois * Logan County, Kansas * Logan County, Ke ...
and a portion of Wayne County. In 1869, Harts Creek Township (later district) was created from this latter region. Lincoln County is one of five counties created by West Virginia since the American Civil War, Civil War. Hamlin, WV, Hamlin, seat of government for the county, was established in 1853. Jesse, John, David, William, and Moses McComas were the first Anglo settlers in what is now Lincoln County. They cultivated of corn, the first ever grown in the area near present-day West Hamlin, WV, West Hamlin, in 1799. Later that year, they returned to eastern Virginia to get their families. Their families were initially left behind because it was not known if there were any hostile Native Americans in the United States, Native Americans in the area, or if the soil would be suitable for cultivation. John Lucas, William Hinch, and John Johnson soon joined the McComases in the county. They built cabins in the county around 1800. About 1804, William Wirt Brumfield settled at the mouth of Big Ugly Creek. Based on military enlistments, Lincoln County appears to have been evenly divided in its sympathies during the Civil War. The county hosted a handful of small skirmishes, mostly centered on Mud River (West Virginia), Mud River. After the war, Logging, timbering constituted the county's primary industry. The county also became nationally known for its tobacco cultivation. In the early twentieth century, the county experienced a Natural gas, gas boom. In 1863, West Virginia's counties were divided into civil townships, with the intention of encouraging local government. This proved impractical in the heavily rural state, and in 1872 the townships were converted into minor civil division, magisterial districts. Between its formation in 1867 and 1870, Lincoln County was divided into seven townships: Carroll, Duval, Harts Creek, Jefferson, Sheridan, Union, and Washington. In 1871, Laurel Hill Township was formed from portions of Harts Creek and Sheridan Townships. The following year, the eight townships became magisterial districts. Except for minor adjustments, the eight historic magisterial districts remained largely unchanged until the twenty-first century, when they were consolidated into three new districts: District 1, District 2, and District 3.United States Census Bureau, United States Census, U.S. Decennial Census, Tables of Minor Civil Divisions in West Virginia, 1870–2010.


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (0.4%) is water.


Major highways

* U.S. Route 119#West Virginia, U.S. Highway 119 * West Virginia Route 3 * West Virginia Route 10 * West Virginia Route 34 * West Virginia Route 37 *Image:WV-214.svg, 20px West Virginia Route 214


Adjacent counties

*Putnam County, West Virginia, Putnam County (north) *Kanawha County, West Virginia, Kanawha County (northeast) *Boone County, West Virginia, Boone County (southeast) *Logan County, West Virginia, Logan County (south) *Mingo County, West Virginia, Mingo County (southwest) *Wayne County, West Virginia, Wayne County (west) *Cabell County, West Virginia, Cabell County (northwest)


Demographics


2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 22,108 people, 8,664 households, and 6,532 families living in the county. The population density was 50 people per square mile (20/km2). There were 9,846 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.04% Race (United States Census), White, 0.06% Race (United States Census), Black or Race (United States Census), African American, 0.17% Race (United States Census), Native American, 0.06% Race (United States Census), Asian, 0.01% Race (United States Census), Pacific Islander, 0.06% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. 0.55% of the population were Race (United States Census), Hispanic or Race (United States Census), Latino of any race. There were 8,664 households, out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.40% were Marriage, married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 22.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.60% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $22,662, and the median income for a family was $28,297. Males had a median income of $30,810 versus $18,270 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,073. About 22.80% of families and 27.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.60% of those under age 18 and 20.80% of those age 65 or over.


2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,720 people, 8,783 households, and 6,268 families living in the county. The population density was . There were 9,887 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the county was 99.0% white, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.1% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.0% were Americans, American, 12.8% were Irish people, Irish, 12.4% were English people, English, and 12.4% were Germans, German. Of the 8,783 households, 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.6% were non-families, and 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 41.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $30,868 and the median income for a family was $37,667. Males had a median income of $43,662 versus $23,166 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,439. About 22.8% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.7% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.


Politics

As like the rest of West Virginia, Lincoln county was solidly Democratic up until the 2000s. After they took a massive shift towards the GOP, the last Democratic candidate to carry Lincoln County was Al Gore in 2000.


Communities


Towns

* Hamlin (county seat) *West Hamlin, West Virginia, West Hamlin


Magisterial districts


Current

*District 1 *District 2 *District 3


Historic

*Carroll *Duval *Harts Creek *Jefferson *Laurel Hill *Sheridan *Union *Washington


Census-designated places

*Alum Creek, West Virginia, Alum Creek (part) *Harts, West Virginia, Harts


Unincorporated communities

*Atenville, West Virginia, Atenville *Branchland, West Virginia, Branchland *Eden Park, West Virginia, Eden Park *Ferrellsburg, West Virginia, Ferrellsburg *Fourteen, West Virginia, Fourteen *Gill, West Virginia, Gill *Green Shoal *Griffithsville, West Virginia, Griffithsville *Leet, West Virginia, Leet *Midkiff, West Virginia, Midkiff *Myra, West Virginia, Myra *Pleasant View, Lincoln County, West Virginia, Pleasant View *Ranger, West Virginia, Ranger *Rector *Sod, West Virginia, Sod *Sweetland, West Virginia, Sweetland *Toney, West Virginia, Toney *Warren *Wewanta, West Virginia, Wewanta *Yawkey, West Virginia, Yawkey


Notable people

* Dagmar (American actress), Dagmar, actress * Lloyd G. Jackson, politician * Clark Kessinger, fiddler * Clark W. May, politician * J. S. Pridemore, oil industrialist *Johnny Sias, professional disc golfer and Professional Disc Golf Association, PDGA PDGA World Championships, World Champion * Russ Thomas, professional football player * John S. Witcher, American Civil War, Civil War senior officer * Chuck Yeager, aviator


See also

*Big Ugly Wildlife Management Area *National Register of Historic Places listings in Lincoln County, West Virginia


Footnotes


References


External links


Lincoln County Portal
{{authority control Lincoln County, West Virginia,