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Limnophila aromaticoides Yang & Yen Limnophila chinensis subsp. aromatica (Lam.) T. Yamaz.

Limnophila aromatica
Limnophila aromatica
(synonym: Limnophila chinensis var. aromatica; also called rice paddy herb) is a tropical flowering plant in the plantain family, Plantaginaceae. It is native to Southeast Asia, where it flourishes in hot temperatures and grows most often in watery environments, particularly in flooded rice fields. It is called Ngò ôm or ngò om or ngổ in Vietnam
Vietnam
and used as an herb and also cultivated for use as an aquarium plant. The plant was introduced to North America in the 1970s due to Vietnamese immigration following the Vietnam
Vietnam
War. It is called "ma om" (ម្អម) in Khmer. It is used in traditional Cambodian soup dishes and Southern Vietnamese cuisine. It can grow in flooded rice paddies during wet season but it grows best on drained but still wet sandy soil of harvested rice paddies for a few months after the rainy season ended. It dies out soon after it flowers. Rural Cambodians often harvest them and put them on the roof of their houses to dry for later use.

Contents

1 Taxonomy 2 Culinary use 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Taxonomy[edit] Limnophila aromatica
Limnophila aromatica
was formerly classified as a member of the figwort family, Scrophulariaceae, but is now classified in plantain family, Plantaginaceae. Culinary use[edit] L. aromatica has a flavor and aroma reminiscent of both lemon and cumin. It is used most often in Vietnamese cuisine, where it is called ngò om. It is an ingredient in canh chua, a sweet and sour seafood soup which also includes tamarind,not to be confused with ngò gai which is also added as an accompaniment to the noodle soup called phở. In Thai cuisine
Thai cuisine
it is known as phak khaeyng (ผักแขยง) and is also used to make om.[1] See also[edit]

Cuisine of Vietnam Cuisine of Cambodia List of Thai ingredients

References[edit]

^ Thai vegetable Guide

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Limnophila aromatica.

Rice Paddy Herb
Herb
( Limnophila aromatica
Limnophila aromatica
[Lomk.] Merril) page from Gernot Katzer's Spice
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Pages

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Culinary herbs and spices

Herbs

Angelica Basil

holy Thai

Bay leaf Indian bay leaf (tejpat) Boldo Borage Chervil Chives

garlic / Chinese

Cicely Coriander
Coriander
leaf / Cilantro

Bolivian Vietnamese (rau răm)

Culantro Cress Curry leaf Dill Epazote Hemp Hoja santa Houttuynia cordata
Houttuynia cordata
(giấp cá) Hyssop Jimbu Kinh gioi (Vietnamese balm) Kkaennip Lavender Lemon
Lemon
balm Lemon
Lemon
grass Lemon
Lemon
myrtle Lemon
Lemon
verbena Limnophila aromatica
Limnophila aromatica
(rice-paddy herb) Lovage Marjoram Mint Mugwort Mitsuba Oregano Parsley Perilla Rosemary Rue Sage Savory Sanshō leaf Shiso Sorrel Tarragon Thyme Woodruff

Spices

Aonori
Aonori
(ground seaweed) Ajwain Allspice Amchoor (mango powder) Anise

star

Asafoetida Camphor Caraway Cardamom

black

Cassia Celery
Celery
powder Celery
Celery
seed Charoli Chenpi Cinnamon Clove Coriander
Coriander
seed Cubeb Cumin

Nigella sativa Bunium persicum

Deulkkae Dill /  Dill
Dill
seed Fennel Fenugreek

blue

Fingerroot (krachai) Galangal

greater lesser

Garlic Ginger Aromatic ginger (kencur) Golpar Grains of Paradise Grains of Selim Horseradish Juniper berry Kokum Korarima Dried lime Liquorice Litsea cubeba Mace Mango-ginger Mastic Mahleb Mustard

black brown white

Nigella (kalonji) Njangsa Nutmeg Pomegranate
Pomegranate
seed (anardana) Poppy seed Radhuni Rose Saffron Salt Sarsaparilla Sassafras Sesame Shiso
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seeds / berries Sumac Tamarind Tonka bean Turmeric Uzazi Vanilla Voatsiperifery Wasabi Yuzu
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zest Zedoary Zereshk Zest

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Long Peruvian Sichuan (huājiāo) Japanese pricklyash Tasmanian Peppercorn (black / green / white)

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Adjika Advieh Baharat Beau monde seasoning Berbere Bouquet garni Buknu Chaat masala Chaunk Chili powder Cinnamon
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Vietnamese cuisine

Rice/sticky rice dishes

Bánh
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chưng Cháo Cơm bụi Cơm cháy Ninh Bình Cơm hến Cơm gà Quảng Nam Cơm lam Cơm nắm Cơm tấm Xôi

Noodles

Bánh
Bánh
canh Bánh
Bánh
đa cua Bún bò Huế Bún cá Bún chả Bún chả
Bún chả
cá Bún đậu mắm tôm Bún mắm Bún mọc Bún ốc Bún riêu Bún thang Bún Thịt Nướng Cao lầu Hủ tiếu Mì Quảng Miến lươn Phở

Staples

Cá kho Cá khô Canh chua Chả Chả trứng Dồi Dưa muối Giò Rau muống xào tỏi Ruốc Thịt kho tàu

Salads/rolls/rice paper

Bánh
Bánh
cuốn Bánh
Bánh
ướt Bò bía Bò nướng lá lốt Gỏi cuốn Nem Nộm
Nộm
( Nộm
Nộm
hoa chuối · Nộm
Nộm
sứa)

Beverages

Bia hơi Rượu cần Rượu đế Rượu nếp Rượu rắn Rượu thuốc Sugarcane juice Vietnamese iced coffee

Condiments/sauces

Basil Crispy fried shallot Fig leaves Kinh giới Nước mắm Tương đen Mắm nêm Mắm ruốc Mắm tép Mắm tôm Rau răm Tía tô Rice paddy herb Scallion Xì dầu

Bánh
Bánh
(cakes/breads)

Bánh
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bèo Bánh
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bột lọc Bánh
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cáy Bánh
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chuối Bánh
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dày Bánh
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đa nướng Bánh
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đậu xanh Bánh
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đúc Bánh
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gai Bánh
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in Bánh
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ít ( Bánh
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khảo Bánh
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khúc Bánh
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nậm Bánh
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phu thê Bánh
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pía Bánh
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quai vạc Bánh
Bánh
rán Bánh
Bánh
tẻ Bánh
Bánh
tét Bánh
Bánh
tôm Hồ Tây Bánh
Bánh
trôi Bánh
Bánh
xèo

Desserts/snacks

Chè bà ba Chè đậu trắng Chè đậu xanh Chè hạt sen Chè trôi nước Kẹo cu đơ

Street food

Bánh
Bánh
Bánh
Bánh
tráng trộn Nem
Nem
chua Nem
Nem
Nướng Snail Trứng vịt lộn

Others

Bird's nest soup Bò 7 món Bột sắn Chạo tôm Chả cá Lã Vọng Dog meat Fishcake Gỏi nhệch Tiết canh Quẩy

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1134038 EoL: 482670 EPPO: LIOAR FloraBase: 46915 FoC: 200020693 GBIF: 5415005 GRIN: 407731 iNaturalist: 244828 IPNI: 804287-1 ITIS: 507349 IUCN: 169045 NCBI: 438424 Plant List: tro-29200312 PLANTS: LIAR11 Tropic

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