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LILLY ENDOWMENT INC., headquartered in Indianapolis
Indianapolis
, Indiana
Indiana
, is one of the world's largest private philanthropic foundations and among the largest endowments in the United States
United States
. It was founded in 1937 by Josiah K. (J. K.) Lilly Sr. and his sons, Eli Jr. and Josiah Jr. (Joe) , with an initial gift of Eli Lilly and Company
Eli Lilly and Company
stock valued at $280,000 USD ($4,616,759 in 2015 chained dollars). As of 2014 its total assets are worth $9.96 billion.

J. K. Lilly Sr. initially served on the foundation's board and became its largest contributor. Over time he donated Eli Lilly and Company stock worth a total of $86.8 million to the foundation, including a $30 million bequest following his death in 1948. J. K's sons, Eli and Joe, contributed additional Eli Lilly and Company
Eli Lilly and Company
stock that had a combined value of $6.8 million. Eli also managed the foundation in its early years. The Lilly Endowment's first full-time staff members, Josiah K. Lilly III and G. Harold Duling, were hired in 1951. By the mid-1970s the foundation's staff had increased to seventy-five and it had moved to larger headquarters at 2801 North Meridian Street in Indianapolis.

As required under the Tax Reform Act of 1969 , the Lilly Endowment diversified its holdings, but its assets consist primarily of Eli Lilly and Company stock. In 1998 the Lilly Endowment
Lilly Endowment
became the wealthiest philanthropic endowment in the world in terms of assets (estimated value of $15.4 billion) and charitable giving. As of 2014 it remains among the top five in terms of total assets ($9.96 billion).

The private family foundation is a separate entity from the Eli Lilly and Company pharmaceutical firm, and maintains its headquarters in a different location. With the exception of the Eli Lilly and Company stock that the foundation holds in its portfolio, the Lilly Endowment is not linked to the Lilly pharmaceutical company. The non-profit foundation has its own board of directors to manage its affairs and an executive committee (trustees) that reviews grant requests.

The Lilly Endowment
Lilly Endowment
has historically focused on three primary grant areas: community development, education and Christianity. It is the largest private foundation in the United States
United States
that funds almost exclusively in its home city and state, and is one of few major foundations to fund religion.

CONTENTS

* 1 Recipients * 2 Art collection * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links

RECIPIENTS

Although it has provided gifts with a national and global reach, the Lilly Endowment's primary geographic focus has been in Indianapolis and in Indiana. Early recipients included the Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Community Chest, a forerunner of the United Way , the Children\'s Museum of Indianapolis
Indianapolis
, Christ Church Cathedral , among other Protestant and, later, Catholic institutions in the state, and several Indiana colleges and universities, such as Wabash College
Wabash College
and Earlham College . Other major gifts helped to fund construction projects in downtown Indianapolis, including the Indiana
Indiana
Convention Center , the Hoosier Dome (the city's first, domed stadium), and restoration of several of the city's historic buildings, including the Hilbert Circle Theater , the Indiana
Indiana
Theater , and grants to construct the Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Zoo , Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western Art
Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western Art
, and sports facilities on the Indiana
Indiana
University – Purdue University Indianapolis
Indianapolis
campus and elsewhere in the city.

One of the Lilly Endowment's most remarkable achievements is its Giving Indiana
Indiana
Funds for Tomorrow (GIFT) initiative. Since 1987 the initiative has been responsible for starting and growing Indiana community foundations. Today, Indiana
Indiana
has more community foundations than any other state, with combined assets of nearly $1.5 billion.

From its inception the Lilly Endowment
Lilly Endowment
has supported numerous religious endeavors. These include Indianapolis's Christ Church Cathedral . J. K. Lilly Sr. was involved with the church throughout his life, beginning as a choirboy. Upon Lilly's death, a stipulation of his bequest to the church was that it remain in the heart of downtown Indianapolis. Lilly supported a wide variety of religious endeavors, which he considered an important means of promoting character development.

Institutions and programs funded by Lilly grants have included:

* 1966: The Youth Ministry project ($50,000) * 1974: Readiness for Ministry for the Association of Theological Schools * 1976–82: The introduction of the Readiness for Ministry program to Association of Theological Schools seminaries * 1981: Study of Early Adolescents and Their Parents ($273,000) * 1988: Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations * 1999–2002: Programs for the Theological Exploration of Vocation. Eighty-eight colleges and universities received a total of $136.5 million to establish or strengthen programs that assisted students in examining the relationship between faith and vocational choices, provided opportunities for gifted young people to explore Christian ministry, and enhanced the capacity of school faculty and staff to effectively teach and mentor students. * 2003: Emory University
Emory University
's Youth Theological Initiative (under the university's Candler School of Theology), a center for research and theological youth education that has become a model for such programs across the nation ($2,182,200 over four years) * 2010: Manchester University (formerly Manchester College) received $35 million from the Lilly Endowment
Lilly Endowment
to establish its College of Pharmacy at the school's Fort Wayne, Indiana
Indiana
, campus. It is the state's third school of pharmacy. The inaugural class, enrolled in the fall of 2012, will graduate in the spring of 2016.

Other Lilly Endowments beneficiaries have included:

* The Rockefeller
Rockefeller
-funded and ecumenical Association of Theological Schools * Search Institute , a psychology-based, not-for-profit, ecumenical youth research organization supported by grants and contracts from foundations, corporations and government agencies, proceeds from the sales of products and services, and tax-deductible contributions from individuals and organizations. * The ecumenical Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) congregations, whose Bethany Project was formed to revitalize congregations by patterning its ministry after Charles E. Fuller , the father of New Evangelicalism . * The Hudson Institute
Hudson Institute
, a conservative nonprofit think tank

ART COLLECTION

Over the years the Lilly Endowment
Lilly Endowment
has acquired a collection of important Indiana
Indiana
paintings that were in danger of leaving the state, including works by William Merritt Chase
William Merritt Chase
, John Elwood Bundy , and members of the Hoosier Group
Hoosier Group
. The works of art are generally displayed at the foundation's offices on North Meridian Street in Indianapolis. In 2003-05, a number of the paintings appeared in museums around Indiana
Indiana
as part of a special exhibition.

SEE ALSO

* Eli Lilly * Hudson Institute
Hudson Institute
* Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Art Center * List of wealthiest foundations

NOTES

* ^ A B C "Foundation Stats". Foundation Center. Retrieved 2016-10-26. * ^ A B James H. Madison (1989). Eli Lilly: A Life, 1885–1977. Indianapolis: Indiana
Indiana
Historical Society. pp. 206–07. ISBN 0-87195-047-2 . * ^ A B C D Kelly A. Ivcevich. "Lilly Endowment, Inc". Learning to Give. Retrieved 2016-10-26. * ^ David J. Bodenhamer and Robert G. Barrows, eds. (1994). The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. pp. 914–15. ISBN 0-253-31222-1 . CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ Bodenhamer and Barrows, eds., pp. 915–16. * ^ Bodenhamer and Barrows, eds. p. 914. * ^ Bodenhamer and Barrows, eds., p. 915. * ^ Bodehamer and Barrows, eds., p. 916. * ^ Alaric Dearment (December 20, 2010). "Lilly Donates Grant to Manchester College for Pharmacy School". Drug Store News. Retrieved 2016-11-21. * ^ "Search Institute History". Search Institute. Retrieved 2016-11-21.

REFERENCES

* Bodenhamer, David J., and Robert G. Barrows, eds. (1994). The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-31222-1 . CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * Dearment, Alaric (December 20, 2010). "Lilly Donates Grant to Manchester College for Pharmacy School". Drug Store News. Retrieved 2016-11-21. * "Foundation Stats". Foundation Center. Retrieved 2016-10-26. * Ivcevich, Kelly A. "Lilly Endowment, Inc". Learning to Give. Retrieved 2016-10-26. * Madison, James H. (1989). Eli Lilly: A Life, 1885–1977. Indianapolis: Indiana