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The Liberal Party of the Philippines
Philippines
(Filipino: Partido Liberal ng Pilipinas) is a liberal and populist political party in the Philippines, founded by then senators Senate President Manuel Roxas, Senate President Pro-Tempore Elpidio Quirino, and former 9th Senatorial District Senator José Avelino, on January 19, 1946 by a breakaway Liberal wing from the old Nacionalista Party. It was the ruling party from 2010 to 2016 after the election victory of Benigno Aquino III as the President of the Philippines. Today, the Liberals are the opposition and maintain at least five seats in the Senate, and at least 27 of seats in the House of Representatives. Around 50% of governors, 50% of vice governors, and 33% of board members are also Liberals. The Liberal Party is the second oldest extant political party in the Philippines
Philippines
in terms of date of establishment, and the oldest continually-active political party in the Philippines. The party has been led by respected liberal thinkers and pro-development politicians like Manuel Roxas, Elpidio Quirino, Diosdado Macapagal, Gerry Roxas, Benigno Aquino, Jr., Jovito Salonga, Raul Daza, Florencio B. Abad, Jr., Franklin Drilon, Mar Roxas, and Benigno Aquino III. Two of its members, Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
and Leila de Lima, have received the prestigious Prize for Freedom, the highest international award for liberal and democratic politicians since 1985.

Contents

1 History 2 Current party officials 3 Presidents 4 Electoral performance

4.1 President 4.2 Vice president 4.3 Senate 4.4 House of Representatives

5 Notable members

5.1 Philippine presidents 5.2 Others

6 Coalition 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

Liberal Party logo during the term of President Noynoy Aquino, 2010-2016

The Liberal Party was founded on January 19, 1946 by Manuel Roxas,[7][1] the first President of the Third Philippine Republic.[7] It was formed by Roxas from what was once the "Liberal Wing" of the old Nacionalista Party.[7] Two more Presidents of the Philippines elected into office came from the LP: Elpidio Quirino
Elpidio Quirino
and the redoubtable Diosdado Macapagal.[8][9] Two other presidents came from the ranks of the LP, as former members of the party who later chose to follow a different path by joining the Nacionalistas: Ramon Magsaysay and Ferdinand Marcos.[10] During the days leading to his declaration of martial law, Marcos would find his old party as a potent roadblock to his quest for one-man rule. Led by Ninoy Aquino, Gerry Roxas
Gerry Roxas
and Jovito Salonga, the LP would time and again hound the would-be dictator on issues like human rights and the curtailment of freedoms. Not even Marcos' declaration of martial law silenced the LP, and the party continued to fight the dictatorship despite the costs. Many of its leaders and members would be prosecuted and even killed during this time.[1][7] In recent times, the LP was instrumental in ending more than half a century of US military presence in the Philippines
Philippines
with its campaign in the Philippine Senate of 1991 to reject a new RP-US Bases Treaty. This ironically cost the party dearly, losing for it the elections of 1992. Despite the loss, in 2000 it again showed its mettle by standing against the corruption of the Joseph Estrada government, actively supporting the Resign-Impeach-Oust initiatives that led to People Power II.[1][7] In 2006, the Philippines' ruling political party, Lakas-CMD, with President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
serving as its supremo, was influential in "hijacking" the Liberal Party by way of overthrowing the party presidency of Sen. Franklin Drilon
Franklin Drilon
at a rump party meeting at the Manila
Manila
Hotel. With the marching orders and blessing of Lakas, LP members sympathetic to the Arroyo government used the meeting on March 2 to install Manila
Manila
Mayor Lito Atienza
Lito Atienza
as the party president, thus triggering an LP leadership struggle and party schism. Days later, the Supreme Court proclaimed Drilon the true president of the party, leaving the Atienza wing expelled.[1][7] The Liberal Party regained new influence in 2010 when it nominated as its next presidential candidate then-Senator Benigno Aquino III,[7] the son of former President Corazon Aquino, after the latter's death that subsequently showed a massive outpouring of sympathy for the Aquino family. Even though the party had earlier nominated Sen. Manuel "Mar" Roxas II to be its presidential candidate for the 2010 Philippine general election, Roxas chose to give way to Aquino and ran for vice president instead. During the fierce campaign battle that followed, the party was able to field new members breaking away from the then-ruling party Lakas Kampi CMD
Lakas Kampi CMD
to become the largest minority party in Congress.[1][7][6] In 2016 presidential elections, Liberal Party nominated Mar Roxas, former DOTC and DILG secretary and Leni Robredo, a Representative from Naga City and widow of former DILG secretary Jessie Robredo. The latter won and the former lost. Most of their members either switched allegiance to PDP-Laban, joined a supermajority alliance but retained LP membership (with some defected later), joined minority, or created an opposition bloc called "Magnificent 7". Current party officials[edit]

Chairman Emeritus: Former President Benigno Aquino III (2016–present) Chairperson: Vice-President Maria Leonor G. Robredo (2016–present)[11] Vice Chair: Senator Franklin Drilon
Franklin Drilon
(2017–present)[11] President: Senator Francis Pangilinan
Francis Pangilinan
(2016–present)[12] Vice President for Internal Affairs: Representative Teddy Baguilat (Lone District of Ifugao) (2017-present)[13] Vice President for External Affairs: Former Representative Lorenzo Tañada III (Quezon) (2017-present)[13] Secretary-General: Representative Jose Christopher "Kit" Belmonte ( Quezon
Quezon
City) (2016–present) Treasurer: Representative Josephine Ramirez-Sato (Occidental Mindoro) (2017–present)[11]

Presidents[edit]

Term in Office Name

January 19, 1946 – April 15, 1948 Manuel Roxas[7]

January 19, 1946 – May 8, 1949 José Avelino

April 17, 1948 – December 30, 1950 Elpidio Quirino

December 30, 1950 – December 30, 1957 Eugenio Pérez

December 30, 1957 – December 30, 1961 Diosdado Macapagal

December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965 Diosdado Macapagal

May 1964 – May 10, 1969 Cornelio T. Villareal

May 10, 1969 – April 19, 1982 Gerardo Roxas

April 20, 1982 – June 1, 1993 Jovito Salonga

June 2, 1993 – October 17, 1994 Wigberto Tañada

October 18, 1994 – September 19, 1999 Raul A. Daza

September 20, 1999 – August 9, 2004 Florencio Abad

October 1, 2012 – 2016 Joseph Emilio Abaya

2016 – present Francis Pangilinan

Electoral performance[edit] President[edit]

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election

1946 Manuel Roxas 1,333,392 54.94% Won

1949 Elpidio Quirino
Elpidio Quirino
(Quirino wing) 1,803,808 50.93% Won

1949 José Avelino
José Avelino
(Avelino wing) 419,890 11.85% Lost

1953 Elpidio Quirino 1,313,991 31.08% Lost

1957 José Yulo 1,386,829 27.62% Lost

1961 Diosdado Macapagal 3,554,840 55.00% Won

1965 Diosdado Macapagal 3,187,752 42.88% Lost

1969 Sergio Osmeña, Jr. 3,143,122 38.51% Lost

1981 N/A N/A N/A Boycotted

1986 N/A N/A N/A Supported Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
who became president

1992 Jovito Salonga 2,302,123 10.16% Lost

1998 Alfredo Lim 2,344,362 8.71% Lost

2004 N/A N/A N/A Supported Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
who won

2010 Benigno Aquino III 15,208,678 42.08% Won

2016 Mar Roxas 9,978,175 23.45% Lost

Vice president[edit]

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election

1946 Elpidio Quirino 1,161,725 52.36% Won

1949 Fernando Lopez
Fernando Lopez
(Quirino wing) 1,341,284 52.19% Won

1949 Vicente J. Francisco (Avelino wing) 44,510 1.73% Lost

1953 José Yulo 1,483,802 37.10% Lost

1957 Diosdado Macapagal 2,189,197 46.55% Won

1961 Emmanuel Pelaez 2,394,400 37.57% Won

1965 Gerardo Roxas 3,504,826 48.12% Lost

1969 Genaro Magsaysay 2,968,526 37.54% Lost

1986 Eva Estrada-Kalaw
Eva Estrada-Kalaw
(Kalaw wing) 662,185 3.31% Lost; main wing supported Salvador Laurel
Salvador Laurel
who became vice president

1992 N/A N/A N/A Supported Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.
Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.
who lost

1998 Sergio Osmeña III 2,351,462 9.20% Lost

2004 N/A N/A N/A Supported Noli de Castro
Noli de Castro
who won

2010 Mar Roxas 13,918,490 39.58% Lost

2016 Leni Robredo 14,418,817 35.11% Won

Senate[edit]

Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats won Seats after Outcome of election

1946 8,626,965 47.7%

8 / 16

9 / 24

Coalition

1947 12,241,929 54.5%

7 / 8

15 / 24

Won

1949 12,782,449 52.5%

7 / 8

18 / 24

Won

1951 8,764,190 39.9%

0 / 9

12 / 24

Won

1953 8,861,244 36.0%

0 / 8

7 / 24

Lost

1955 7,395,988 28.9%

0 / 9

0 / 24

Lost

1957 8,934,218 31.8%

2 / 8

2 / 24

Lost

1959 10,850,799 31.7%

2 / 8

4 / 24

Lost

1961 14,988,931 37.9%

4 / 8

8 / 24

Lost

1963 22,794,310 49.8%

4 / 8

10 / 24

Won

1965 23,158,197 46.9%

2 / 8

10 / 24

Lost

1967 18,127,926 37.1%

1 / 8

7 / 24

Lost

1969 21,060,474 39.1%

2 / 8

5 / 24

Lost

1971 33,469,677 57.4%

5 / 8

8 / 24

Lost

1987 N/A N/A N/A N/A Won under the LABAN coalition

1992* 19,158,013 6.9%

1 / 24

1 / 24

Lost

1995 N/A N/A N/A N/A Did not participate

1998 5,429,123 2.6%

0 / 12

0 / 24

Lost

2001 19,131,732 7.9%

1 / 13

1 / 24

Independent-led coalition

2004 30,008,158 12.0%

2 / 12

4 / 24

Liberal Party-led coalition

2007 28,843,415 10.7%

2 / 12

4 / 24

Nacionalista Party-led coalition

2010 78,227,817 26.34%

3 / 12

4 / 24

PMP-led coalition

2013 33,369,204 11.32%

1 / 12

4 / 24

Liberal Party-led coalition

2016 100,512,795 31.30%

5 / 12

6 / 24

Split; PDP-Laban-led coalition, lost[14]

*in coalition with PDP-Laban House of Representatives[edit]

Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats Outcome of election

1946 1,129,971 47.06%

49 / 98

Won

1949 1,834,173 53.00%

66 / 100

Won

1953 1,624,571 39.81%

59 / 102

Won

1957 1,453,527 30.16%

19 / 102

Lost

1961 2,167,641 33.71%

29 / 104

Lost

1965 3,721,460 51.32%

61 / 104

Won

1969 2,641,786 41.76%

18 / 110

Lost

1978 N/A N/A N/A Boycotted; most members ran under the LABAN that lost

1984 N/A N/A N/A Boycotted; most members ran under the LABAN that lost

1987* 2,101,575 10.5%

16 / 200

Lakas ng Bansa-led coalition

1992** 1,644,568 8.8%

11 / 199

Lakas-NUCD-UMDP-led coalition

1995* 358,245 1.9%

5 / 204

Lakas-NUCD-UMDP-led coalition

1998* 1,773,124 7.3%

15 / 221

Lost

2001

19 / 219

Lakas-NUCD-UMDP-led coalition

2004

29 / 237

Lakas-CMD-led coalition

2007

23 / 271

Lakas-CMD-led coalition

2010 6,802,227 19.93%

47 / 287

Liberal Party-led coalition

2013 10,557,265 38.27%

111 / 292

Liberal Party-led coalition

2016 15,552,401 41.72%

115 / 297

Split; PDP-Laban-led coalition, lost

*does not include candidates who ran as under a Liberal Party ticket along with another party. **in coalition with PDP-Laban Notable members[edit] Philippine presidents[edit]

Manuel Roxas
Manuel Roxas
(5th President of the Philippines; one of the co-founders) Elpidio Quirino
Elpidio Quirino
(6th President of the Philippines) Diosdado Macapagal
Diosdado Macapagal
(9th President of the Philippines) Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos
(10th President of the Philippines) - Marcos won in 1965 as the candidate of the Liberal Party's rival Nacionalista Party, the party to where Marcos defected after failing to get the LP nomination Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
(15th President of the Philippines)

Others[edit]

Gerardo Roxas, Sr. (Senator; Liberal Party leader during the Marcos dictatorship) Macario Peralta, Jr. (World War II Hero, Philippine Army
Philippine Army
General, Senator of the Philippines, Secretary of National Defense) Cesar Climaco (Mayor of Zamboanga City, vocal critic and opponent of Martial Law) Benigno Aquino, Jr.
Benigno Aquino, Jr.
(Senator of the Philippines) Eva Estrada-Kalaw
Eva Estrada-Kalaw
(Senator of the Philippines) Eddie Ilarde (Senator of the Philippines) Ramon Mitra, Jr.
Ramon Mitra, Jr.
(16th Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives) Narciso Ramos
Narciso Ramos
(Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs; one of the co-founders) Ramon Bagatsing
Ramon Bagatsing
(longest-serving Mayor of Manila, Plaza Miranda bombing survivor) Emmanuel Pelaez
Emmanuel Pelaez
(Vice-President of the Philippines, Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs; Philippine Ambassador to the United States of America, Senator of the Philippines) Rashid Lucman (Congressman of Lanao del Sur, Exposed the Jabidah massacre and other Marcos abuses in Congress) Jovito Salonga
Jovito Salonga
(former Senate President of the Philippines, survived the Plaza Miranda bombing) Manuel Roxas
Manuel Roxas
II (former Interior and Local Government Secretary and Transportation Secretary) Feliciano Belmonte, Jr.
Feliciano Belmonte, Jr.
(former Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives) Jesse Robredo
Jesse Robredo
(former Mayor of Naga City & former Interior and Local Government Secretary) Leni Robredo
Leni Robredo
(14th Vice President of the Philippines, Former Representative of Camarines Sur, Wife of former DILG Secretary Jesse Robredo & Party Chairman in Naga City)[15] Herbert Bautista
Herbert Bautista
(Incumbent Mayor of Quezon
Quezon
City) Alfredo Lim
Alfredo Lim
(former Senator & Mayor of Manila) Rafael Nantes (Former Governor of Quezon
Quezon
Province & Former Treasurer of the Liberal Party) Evelyn Fuentebella (Mayor of Sagñay,Camarines Sur & Member of the Liberal Party) Cornelio Villareal (Former Speaker of the House of Representatives, and Congressman of the 2nd District of Capiz) Sergio H. Loyola - Congressman of the 3rd District of Manila.

Coalition[edit]

Akbayan Citizens' Action Party
Akbayan Citizens' Action Party
– Party-list[14] Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan
Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan
– Manila Kilusang Diwa ng Taguig
Kilusang Diwa ng Taguig
– Taguig City Uswag Tagum – Davao del Norte Ugyon – Iloilo

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g "Southeast Asia In The New International Era". 2016. Retrieved April 19, 2017.  ^ a b Hutchcroft, P. (2016). Mindanao: The Long Journey to Peace and Prosperity Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Anvil Publishing, Inc. Retrieved January 8, 2018. ^ Celoza, A. Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos
and the Philippines: The Political Economy of Authoritarianism Connecticut, USA: Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved September 19, 2017. ^ Chehabi, H. Sultanistic Regimes Maryland, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press. Retrieved September 27, 2017. ^ Timberman, David G. (16 September 2016). A Changeless Land: Continuity and Change in Philippine Politics. Routledge. p. 237. ISBN 9781315487151. Retrieved 2 February 2018.  ^ a b "Aquino backs interior minister Roxas to be next president". Strait Times. August 1, 2015. Retrieved April 19, 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i "'Melted?' Liberal Party meets for 71st anniversary". Rappler. January 21, 2017. Retrieved April 19, 2017.  ^ Molina, Antonio. The Philippines: Through the centuries. Manila: University of Sto. Tomas Cooperative, 1961. Print. ^ "Common Man's President". Time. November 24, 1961. Retrieved August 6, 2009.  ^ "Ramon Magsaysay." Microsoft Student 2009 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2008. ^ a b c " Liberal Party holds 1st official meeting post-2016 elections". Rappler. August 10, 2017. Retrieved March 29, 2018.  ^ "Pangilinan is new LP President". ABS-CBN News. November 16, 2016. Retrieved April 19, 2017.  ^ a b "LP appoints Baguilat, Tañada to key party posts". Liberal Party of the Philippines. August 16, 2017. Retrieved March 29, 2018.  ^ a b "It's final: LP completes 12-person Senate slate". Rappler. 2015-10-11. Retrieved 2015-10-12.  ^ "LOOK: Leni Robredo
Leni Robredo
takes oath of office as Vice President of the Philippines". CNN Philippines. June 30, 2016. Retrieved July 1, 2016. 

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Liberal International

Andorra: PLA Belgium: MR, VLD Bosnia and Herzegovina: LDS* Botswana: BMD* Bulgaria: DPS, NDSV Burkina Faso: ADF-RDA* Burma: NLD-LA* Burundi: ADR Cambodia: PSR Canada: Liberal Party Colombia: U* DR Congo: ANADER, ARC*, URC* Costa Rica: PML Côte d'Ivoire: RDR Croatia: HSLS Cuba: PLC, PSD, ULC Denmark: RV, Venstre Egypt: FEP, Ghad* Equatorial Guinea: UDENA Estonia: RE Ethiopia: EDP* Finland: Keskusta, SFP Georgia: RPG* Germany: FDP Gibraltar: Liberal Party Guatemala: MR*, PP Guinea: UFDG*, UFR* Honduras: PLH Hungary: MLP Iceland: FSF Indonesia: PD* Ireland: FF* Israel: Shinui Italy: Rad, FdL* Kenya: LDP* Kosovo: PLK* Latvia: LPP/LC Lebanon: Future Movement* Lithuania: LCU Luxembourg: DP Macedonia: LDP Madagascar: MFM* Malawi: UDF Malaysia: Gerakan*, PKR* Mali: PCR* Mexico: NA* Moldova: PRL* Mongolia: IZN Montenegro: LSCG Morocco: AdL*, UC, MP Mozambique: PPDD* Netherlands: D66 , VVD Nicaragua: PLI* Norway: Venstre Paraguay: PLRA Philippines: LP Romania: PNL Russia: Yabloko Senegal: PDS Serbia: LDP Seychelles: SNP* Slovakia: ANO Slovenia: LDS South Africa: DA Spain: CDC Sri Lanka: LP Sweden: Cp*, FpL Switzerland: FDP.The Liberals Taiwan: DPP Tanzania: CCW/CUF Thailand: DP Ukraine: UM* United Kingdom: APNI, Lib Dems Zambia: UNDP*

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Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party

Andorra: PLA Austria: LIF Belgium: MR, VLD Bosnia and Herzegovina: LDS Bulgaria: DPS, NSDV Croatia: HNS-LD, HSLS, IDS Cyprus: ?D Czech Republic: ODA Denmark: RV , Venstre Estonia: Kesk, Reform Finland: Keskusta, SFP Germany: FDP Greece: DI.SY Hungary: SzDSz Ireland: FF Italy: Rad, IdV Kosovo: PLK Latvia: LC Lithuania: LRLS Luxembourg: DP Macedonia: LPM, LDP Moldova: AMN Netherlands: D66, VVD Norway: Venstre Poland: UED Portugal: IL Romania: ALDE Russia: Yabloko, RPR-PARNAS Serbia: LS Slovakia: ANO Slovenia: LDS Spain: CDC, C’s Sweden: Cp, FpL Switzerland: FDP.The Liberals United Kingdom: APNI, Lib Dems Youth organisation: LYMEC

Liberal South East European Network

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