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The Liaodong Peninsula
Peninsula
(simplified Chinese: 辽东半岛; traditional Chinese: 遼東半島; pinyin: Liáodōng Bàndǎo) is a peninsula in Liaoning
Liaoning
Province of Northeast China, historically known in the West as Southeastern Manchuria. Liaodong (formerly spelled Liaotung) means "East of the Liao River"; referring to the Liao River
Liao River
which divided the Yan commanderies of Liaoxi (simplified Chinese: 辽西; traditional Chinese: 遼西) (West of the Liao River) and Liaodong during time of the Warring States period.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History

2.1 Period of foreign occupation

3 See also 4 References

Geography[edit] The peninsula lies in the north of the Yellow Sea, between the Bohai Sea to the west and Korea Bay
Korea Bay
to the east. It forms the southern part of a mountain belt that continues northward in the Changbai Mountains. The part of the mountain range on the peninsula is known as the Qianshan Mountains, named after Qian Mountain in Anshan, which includes Dahei Mountain
Dahei Mountain
in Dalian. History[edit]

Convention of retrocession of the Liaotung Peninsula, 8 November 1895.

Liaodong came under the rule of the Gojoseon
Gojoseon
kingdom which emerged in the region. In the late 4th century BC, the Chinese State of Yan invaded and conquered this region from Gojoseon. Later on various states and dynasties such as the Han Dynasty, Gongsun Yuan, Cao Wei, Western Jin, Former Yan, Former Qin, Later Yan, Goguryeo, Tang Dynasty, Balhae, Liao Dynasty, Jin dynasty (1115–1234), Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
and Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
ruled Liaoning. The Mu-jung clan of Xianbei
Xianbei
founded a new kingdom in Liaotung and Liaosi in the fourth century.[1] Period of foreign occupation[edit] The peninsula was an important area of conflict during the First Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895), which the Japanese won. Defeat precipitated decline in the Chinese Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
which was exploited by colonial powers who extracted numerous concessions. The peninsula was ceded to Japan, along with Taiwan
Taiwan
and Penghu, by the Treaty of Shimonoseki of 17 April 1895. However the ceding of Liaodong peninsula was rescinded after the Triple Intervention
Triple Intervention
of 23 April 1895 by Russia, France and Germany. In the aftermath of this intervention, the Russian government pressured the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
to lease Liaodong and the strategically important Lüshunkou
Lüshunkou
(Port Arthur) for use by the Russian Navy. As in the First Sino-Japanese War
First Sino-Japanese War
the Liaodong peninsula was the scene of major fighting in the Russo-Japanese War
Russo-Japanese War
(1904–1905). As a consequence of the Treaty of Portsmouth
Treaty of Portsmouth
(5 September 1905), which ended the Russo-Japanese War, both sides agreed to evacuate Manchuria and return its sovereignty to China, but Japan was able to coerce a lease for the Liaotung/Liaodong, establishing the Kwantung Leased Territory. See also[edit]

Chinese Eastern Railway Shandong Peninsula

References[edit]

^ Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. p. 57. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9. 

v t e

Peninsulas of China

Dapeng Peninsula Leizhou Peninsula Liaodong Peninsula Shandong Peninsula Tashi Dor

Coordinates: 40°00′N 122°30′E / 40.000°N 122.500°E

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