LIANGGUANG (traditional Chinese : 兩廣; simplified Chinese :
两广; pinyin : Liǎngguǎng;
Cantonese Yale : Léuhng Gwóng;
literally: "The Two Expanses", postal : Liangkwang) is a Chinese term
for the province of
Guangdong and former province and present
autonomous region of
Guangxi , collectively. It particularly refers to
the viceroyalty of
Liangguang under the
Qing dynasty , when the
territory was considered to include
Hainan and the leased territories
British Hong Kong
British Hong Kong , the French Kouang-Tchéou-Wan and Portuguese
Macau . The
Viceroy of Liangguang
Viceroy of Liangguang existed from 1735-1911.
* 1 History
* 1.3 Leased territories
* 1.3.1 Hong Kong
* 1.3.2 Kouang-Tchéou-Wan
* 2 See also
* 3 References
The area has been considered the southern expanse of
China since the
Guangzhou in 226. Prior to that, the area was known as the
Nanhai Commandery .
In the 1920s and 1930s, the areas of
Guangxi dominated by the Zhuang
people greatly aided the
Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China in the Chinese Civil
War . Soon after the Communist victory in 1949, in 1952 the People\'s
China created a Zhuang autonomous prefecture in the
western half of Guangxi. However, some scholars of the Zhuang do not
believe that this decision came out of genuine grassroots demands from
that ethnic group, who made up only 33% of the province's population,
which is contradictory to reality of facts from Chinese scholars
Zhuang people clearly maintain their distinct culture and
lifestyle (i.e. language, religion, etc.). Scholars like George
Moseley and Diana Lary instead argue that the conversion of
a Zhuang autonomous region was designed to foil local sentiment
against the Communist Party as well as to smash pan-
Shortly afterward, many Cantonese in the
Guangxi government were
replaced by Zhuangs and
Guangxi annexed the Nanlu region of Guangdong
in 1952, giving the formerly landlocked region access to the sea. In
1958, the entire province was officially designated the
Autonomous Region .
Hainan was separated from
Guangdong and established as a
Hong Kong was leased to the
British Empire in 1841 until the transfer
of sovereignty over Hong Kong in 1997, when it was converted into a
special administrative region .
Kouang-Tchéou-Wan, also known as
Zhanjiang , was leased to the
French Third Republic
French Third Republic in 1898 until the end of
World War II
World War II in 1946.
Macau was granted to the
Portuguese Empire in 1557 until the transfer
of sovereignty over
Macau in 1999, when it was converted into a
special administrative region.
* ^ Olson, James Stuart (1998). "Zhuang". An Ethnohistorical
Dictionary of China. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 393.
* ^ A B C Kaup, Katherine Palmer (2000). Creating the Zhuang:
Ethnic Politics in China. Lynne Reinner Publishers. p. 52.
* ^ A B Hutchings, Graham (2003). "
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous
Region". Modern China: A Guide to a Century of Change. Harvard
University Press. p. 173.
* ^ Ramsey, Samuel Robert (1987). "Minority Languages of China".
The Languages of China. Princeton University Press. pp. 234–235.
* ^ Li, Xulian; Huang, Quanxi (2004). "The Introduction and
Development of the Zhuang Writing System". In Zhou, Minglang; Sun,
Hongkai. Language Policy in the People's Republic of China: Theory and
Practice Since 1949. Springer. p. 240.
* ^ Cen Xianan (2003). On research to Zhuang's Mo Religion Belief.
"Economic and Social Development",no.12. p.23-26.(in Chinese)
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