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The Info List - Leyland Tiger





170 - 260BHP (TL11) 220 - 290 BHP ( Cummins
Cummins
L10)

Transmission Leyland Voith ZF

Chronology

Predecessor Leyland Leopard

Successor Volvo
Volvo
B10M

The Leyland Tiger, also known as the B43,[1] was a mid-engined bus and coach chassis manufactured by Leyland between 1981 and 1992.[2] This name had previously been used for a front-engined bus built between 1927 and 1968.[3][4] It replaced the Leyland Leopard, which had been in production for over 20 years.[5]

Contents

1 History 2 Operators 3 Exports 4 Articulated bus 5 Volvo
Volvo
ownership 6 References

History[edit]

Edward Thomas & Son Plaxton Paramount
Plaxton Paramount
bodied Tiger

Ulsterbus
Ulsterbus
Alexander bodied Tiger

Arriva Buses Wales
Arriva Buses Wales
Alexander bodied Tiger in Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
in September 2008

The Leyland Tiger
Leyland Tiger
was released in 1981. Initially only one engine was offered, the turbocharged Leyland TL11, which could be rated up to 260 hp. The Leopard had enjoyed huge success as a bus in Scotland, usually with the Alexander Y-type
Alexander Y-type
body, but had lost some Scottish Bus
Bus
Group orders to Seddon's Pennine 7, owing to Leyland's unwillingness to offer a Gardner engine in the Leopard. When Leyland launched the Tiger, it continued this same unwillingness, just as Dennis was developing the Gardner-engined Dennis Dorchester, which similarly had the potential to win Scottish Bus
Bus
Group orders away from the Tiger. Faced with this possibility, Leyland offered Gardner 6HLX-series engines in the Tiger from 1984.[6] To facilitate this, the Tiger chassis had to be modified, as the Gardner engine was significantly larger than the TL11. Although the threat from the Dorchester was successfully warded off, there proved to be a limited market for the Gardner-engined Tiger outside of Scottish Bus
Bus
Group. A North American engine, the Cummins
Cummins
L10, was also made an option by 1987.[7][8] The Cummins
Cummins
engine was being specified more often from around 1988, and with this engine, the gearbox would usually be a ZF as opposed to the Leyland Hydracyclic. Volvo
Volvo
took over Leyland in 1988, and from 1989 the Tiger was offered with the Volvo
Volvo
THD100-series engine (as fitted in the best-selling B10M). The large majority of Volvo-engined Tigers went to Northern Ireland. At around this time, the TL11 and Gardner options were dropped, leaving only the Cummins
Cummins
and Volvo
Volvo
options available.[9][10][11] Like the Leopard, the Tiger was also sold as a bus. Usually it would have a downrated engine, and leaf springs in place of the standard air suspension. Operators[edit] The Scottish Bus
Bus
Group bought batches of Tigers usually with Alexander TS-type bodywork and Gardner 6HLXCT engines.[12] It was also popular with National Bus
Bus
Company subsidiaries.[13] Shearings
Shearings
purchased many Tigers for use as coaches.[14][15] The Tiger also proved to be very popular in Northern Ireland, with Ulsterbus
Ulsterbus
and Citybus purchasing 747 between 1983 and 1993.[16] The very last Tiger to enter service did so in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
in August 1993. Exports[edit] The Tiger was popular in Australia. The biggest customer for the Tiger was Ventura Bus
Bus
Lines, Melbourne
Melbourne
who purchased 65 Tigers over a five-year period from March 1984, as well as a few more second-hand.[17] Another large purchaser was North & Western Bus Lines, Sydney.[18] Premier Illawarra, Wollongong,[19] Rover Motors, Cessnock,[20] Surfside Buslines, Gold Coast[21] and Thompsons Bus Service, Brisbane[22] all built up large fleets of new and second hand Tigers. A number of three-axle chassis were bodied as coaches.[23] The last Tiger to be bodied in Australia
Australia
had been imported in 1984, but it was not until 1993 that its owner, Bass Hill Bus
Bus
Service, had it bodied.[24] Articulated bus[edit] At least one articulated chassis was built, being bodied by Superior in Australia
Australia
in June 1987.[25] Volvo
Volvo
ownership[edit] Leyland Bus
Leyland Bus
was acquired by in a management buyout led by Ian McKinnon in January 1987, and it looked like the Tiger would continue as before.[26] Just over 12 months later in March 1988 Volvo
Volvo
purchased the business, bringing the United Kingdom's two best-selling coaches, the Leyland Tiger
Leyland Tiger
and Volvo
Volvo
B10M, under common ownership.[27][28] Volvo
Volvo
was aware that Leyland had a loyal following, and that the Tiger had a good reputation, and so the Tiger continued. Despite accounting for 50% of all UK bus sales in February 1989,[29] sales slowed and in 1990 in an attempt to shift stock, Volvo
Volvo
had Plaxton
Plaxton
body forty chassis. Twenty-five of these bodies were the only Plaxton
Plaxton
321 bodies built, this being the Plaxton
Plaxton
derivative of the Duple 320 body acquired when Duple closed. Volvo
Volvo
acknowledged that the Tiger and B10M were broadly similar, and whereas Leyland had sold 3,500 Tigers since the model's launch, Volvo had sold 20,000 B10Ms during the same period. The penultimate major buyer of the Tiger, Shearings, switched to the B10M for 1991, and Volvo
Volvo
decided to cease production and close the factory at Farington. References[edit]

^ Made in Preston home page ^ Bus
Bus
Lists on the Web ^ Jack, A.D. (1984). The Leyland Bus
Leyland Bus
(Mark 2). Transport Publishing Co. pp. Passim.  ^ London TD class Leyland Tiger
Leyland Tiger
buses ^ Jack, Doug (1994). Beyond Reality. Venture Publications. p. 90. ISBN 1-898432-02-3.  ^ Gardners for Tigers Commercial Motor 16 April 1983 ^ Cummins
Cummins
L10 gives more bite to Tiger Commercial Motor 4 April 1987 ^ Tiger breaks cover Commercial Motor 15 October 1987 ^ TL11 to be dropped Commercial Motor 28 February 1987 ^ Royal wave to Lions and Tigers Commercial Motor 12 May 1988 ^ Irish Transport Trust ^ SBG orders 178 buses Commercial Motor 10 October 1981 ^ Leyland shares NBC order Commercial Motor 5 October 1985 ^ Peerless order for Leyland Commercial Motor 11 February 1988 ^ Smith's Tiger double Commercial Motor 23 February 1989 ^ £8 million Celtic bus order boost for Leyland Bus
Leyland Bus
Commercial Motor 24 February 1987 ^ Ventura Group Bus
Bus
Australia
Australia
Fleet Lists ^ North & Western Bus
Bus
Lines Australian Bus
Bus
Fleet Lists ^ Premier Illawarra Australian Bus
Bus
Fleet Lists ^ Rover Motors Australian Bus
Bus
Fleet Lists ^ Surfside Buslines
Surfside Buslines
Australian Bus
Bus
Fleet Lists ^ Thompson Bus
Bus
Services Australian Bus
Bus
Fleet Lists ^ Aussie Tiger Commercial Motor 10 September 1983 ^ Transdev NSW Australian Bus
Bus
Fleet Lists ^ Kingsgrove Bus
Bus
Service & Casula Bus
Bus
Service Australian Bus
Bus
Fleet Lists ^ Bus
Bus
buy-out goes through Commercial Motor 2 August 1986 ^ Volvo
Volvo
Buys British Leyland's Bus
Bus
Division Associated Press 30 March 1988 ^ Volvo
Volvo
buys Leyland Commercial Motor 7 April 1988 ^ Leyland Bus
Leyland Bus
takes lead Commercial Motor 16 March 1989

v t e

Leyland buses

Single-deck

Tiger (front-engined) Olympic Royal Tiger (PSU) Tiger Cub Olympian Royal Tiger Worldmaster Leopard Lion (PSR1) Panther Panther Cub National B21 Cub Super Viking Tiger (B43) Royal Tiger (B50) Lynx Swift

Double-deck

Titan (front-engined) Atlantean Fleetline Titan (B15) Victory Mark 2 Olympian Lion

Articulated

Leyland-DAB articulated bus

List of L

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